an equality of status, of opportunity and of endeavour so many and so variousraces of mankind….. If
the opposition of the great societies of East and West is to be replaced by co-operation, the mediation of Islam is anindispensable condition.
Unity of Religion
According to Islam, the human intellect, though a great and powerful asset, hasits natural limits, and, therefore, neither the normative nor the empirical sciencesare capable of leading humanity to a sure knowledge of ultimate truths and thecode of life base upon them. The only source of sure knowledge open tohumanity is, consequently, Divine Guidance, and that course has been actuallyopen ever since the beginnings of human life on earth. Allah raised His “Prophet”and “Messengers” and revealed His Guidance to them for transmission tohumanity. Coming from the same source, all revealed religions have, therefore,been one, i.e., ISLAM
Allah’s Prophets and Messengers continued to come to every country andcommunity to work in their respective limited fields. Time after time, therevealed Guidance was either lost or corrupted through human interpolation, andnew Prophets with fresh Dispensations were sent, and humanity continued toadvance from infancy to maturity. At last, when the stage of maturity wasreached—when humanity was practically to become one family—instead of sectional Guidance, a perfect, final and abiding Revelation, addressed to entiremankind and for all time, was granted in the seventh century of the Christian era.That Revelation, which recapitulates all former Revelations and thus sets a sealon the Unity of Religion, is ISLAM; the scripture which enshrines it is theHOLY QUR’AN
and the Prophet who brought it is the Leader of Humanity,MUHAMMAD
(Allah bless him!).Thus all the Prophets of God, from Adam down to Noah, Abraham, Moses andJesus (peace be upon them all), are the Prophets of a Muslim, the Holy ProphetMuhammad (peace be upon him!) being the Last and Final one, and all theDivine Scriptures are the Scriptures of a Muslim, though the follows only theHoly Quran because it alone exists in its original purity and it alone contains thereligion of Islam which has been followed by all rightly guided people since theday the first human being came into existence.
Unity of Sexes
Differentiation of functions has misled certain cultures of the world to regardwoman as a being who belongs, so to say, to a different and inferior species: andto meet out to her inhuman treatment accordingly. Islam emphatically repudiatesthat notion and teaches that both man and woman have sprung from the sameessence and the same source and consequently posses the same human status.Their functions and interests, instead of being antagonistic, are meant to becomplementary. The natural relation between the sexes, in all its aspects, istherefore, that of love and harmony, without which no true human progress canbe possible.