LGB 21303 APPLIED MARINE MECHANICS
NOTES ON STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS (ABR)
METHOD OF SECTION
When one desires to find the unknown forces in only a few bars, then the method of sections is oftenthe preferred method. This method also follows the same steps pursued in any Statics problem, butdiffers from the method of joints in the choice of subsystems. When applying this method we make animaginary cut through the truss dividing it into two parts, which are referred to as sections. The cutdivides some of the bars into portions, but never runs through a joint.When drawing free body diagrams of a section of the truss, we must represent the load exerted by oneportion of the bar on the other portion of the bar. Since each portion must be in equilibrium, thedirection and sense of that internal force is consistent with the forces exerted by the pins on the bar.The internal force is similar to the tension in a cable, except that truss members could be either intension or compression.
EXAMPLE: Drawing and Solving for a Given Section 1
Here is the truss; only forces in bars CE and CF are to be found. All dimensions are in feet.Each section forms a planar rigid body. In this sense it is like the 2-D subsystems considered in unit"Single Body", with three independent equations of equilibrium, for example two force equations andone moment equation. To visualize it, let us draw only the outline shape of the subsystem – the section – as shown below.Do we need to analyze both sections, and/or the truss as a whole? Remember that we are interestedonly in forces CE and CF.