NPR

India's Tech Firms Face Fundamental Shift From IT To More Advanced Tech

For decades India's IT talent has maintained the world's computers, databases and back offices. But new technologies are overtaking that old business model, and analysts predict massive layoffs.
An employee of Indian IT security solutions company Innefu Labs works at its offices in New Delhi. Newer fields, including artificial intelligence, will require highly advanced skills, analysts say. / SAJJAD HUSSAIN / Getty Images

Madeshwaran Subramani is the human face of IT disruption in India. He recalls being recently summoned to the HR office of his employer in southern city of Coimbatore at 11 a.m. By noon, the 29-year-old software engineer was out of a job. He worked for Cognizant Technology, a U.S.-based firm with offices in India.

"They give only two options," explained Subramani: Leave immediately and take four months' pay, or stick around another 60 days and

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