Popular Science

How to convert any file to any format

Organize your work your way.
File conversion

Put your files in the formats you need.

David Nield/Popular Science

A file's format—the way that it's saved and encoded—determines what you can do with it and which programs can open it. (You can check its format by looking at the file name's extension.) Think of each format like a different language, with some only understood by specific platforms and applications. To access any given file, you may need to convert it to a new format.

For example, something your colleague created on a macOS word processor might not work on your . Or a website that asks you to upload a photo might insist that it be a specific type of file. Whatever quandary you encounter, you can usually hunt down an app to help. In this

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