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Got a good feeling about someone? You probably just like the way they look.

Humans have a surprisingly primitive way of sizing up strangers

In a sea of strangers, how do you choose who to trust?

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Ivan Pavlov had many research pursuits, but it’s his work with dogs that made him a household name. The Russian psychologist carried out unusual experiments on the behavior and gastric function of lovable mutts with names like Muyrka and Ukap. After years of work, he famously showed that one could use a relatively neutral stimulant (in this case, a bell) to trigger a reflexive response (canine salivation), a phenomenon now called classical conditioning.

But Pavlov’s

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