TIME

Tests did not save schools, but money could

THE EDUCATION-REFORM MOVEMENT that started with George W. Bush’s No Child Left Behind law has failed to improve education. Its narrow emphasis on standardized testing has failed. From Bush’s No Child Left Behind to Barack Obama’s Race to the Top to Donald Trump’s push for school choice, the reformers have come up empty-handed.

These “reformers” relied on the business idea that disruption is a positive good. Reformers have historically called for

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