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The tools reviewed in this book are organized according to a list of policy issues. Part I is exclusively micro oriented and is devoted to the incidence of public expenditures, taxation and redistribution policies and, more importantly, changes in these policies. Part II focuses o the links that may be established between macro modeling and the microeconomic distribution of economic welfare. The unifying link between the two parts is the systematic reliance on data sets that describe the distribution of economic welfare in the population, that is essentially household surveys of different types.Each chapter in the two parts refers to a specific evaluation technique of policies and generally to a particular policy instrument of a particular situation the technique is adapted to. As the techniques being reviewed have in common to be widely or increasingly used by academics or policy analysts. The present review is thus stopping short of the cutting edge of the field of distributional evaluation of micro and macro policies. This choice was deliberately made to avoid readers embarking in techniques with uncertain and ambiguous results. Likewise the authors of the various chapters carefully insist on the limitations of the tools presently in use and on the risk there would e in pushing them too far outside their limit of validity.A more precise description of the various chapters of the book is given as an introduction to its two constitutive parts.