Critical Essays
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This is a collection of notes and essays centered around modern critical theories by Homi K. Bhaba, Edward Said, Croce, Leela Gandhi along with some notes to Coleridge.

Table of Contents:

1. On the Basis of Language

2. Exploring the 'Other' - Concept of 'History' in Criticism

3. Exploring Leela Gandhi's The Post Colonial Theory

4. Beneditto Croce - Theory of Expressionism in Criticism

5. Bishop Hurd - Historical Importance in Criticism

6. Coleridge's Biographia Literaria

7. Phenomenology - How It Developed

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Critical Essays - Sangeeta Dash

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On the Basis of Language

If one writer in his/her mother tongue knows that he is under no pressure to think for the emotion- language co-ordination. He knows what kind of mass will read it-and they are no alien. He needs not to worry much about the search for proper diction. He just need to use the available local diction to use in his writing after that it is upto him weather he needs to experiment on that or not. But the case is not the same when one uses a different language other than his own there his emotions need to go through a transition passage. The writer needs to search for a proper diction-equivalent in that foreign language for the expression of his own emotion. Yeats has also reminded about this things

'No man can think or write with music and vigour expect in his mother tongue'

But this has not dissuaded writers of Indian subcontinent to write in English. Raja Rao himself declare that the time will decide the quality of the type of English in which the Indians write. Kamala Das in her 'An Introduction', passed her judgements on this

'It is half English half Indian funny perhaps, but it is honest'

But all these, in a sense more or less involved in his writers to attempt to establish in these writers to attempt to establish an identity of their kind of language. And through this one can see that it is in fact their identity, for which these Indian literarians started their writing in English. Nearly every writer who writes in English has his own definition about his relation to the kind of English in which he/she writes. Some like Michael Madhusudan Dutta after writing a brilliant piece like Captive lady realized that English is not suitable for his expressions, as he suffered from a kind of Aphasia or loss of speech when he tried to write. And some though found it hard to express themselves properly in English, like Parthasarathi who found his' tongue in English chains', continued to struggle. Some like Ezekiel realised that the use of half- broken English of the natives should be put directly into English in order to establish a true Indian identify.

And his famous The Night of Scorpion is one of the experiments he carried out when asked to write a true Indian poetry.

In order to 'Indianise' the English, along with the time the Indians tried every bit of English instrument of writing and in the process discarded many.

Aurobindo and his kind realized that the foreign meters and stanza forms are not