Ilse Ollendorff Reich and Wilhelm Reich, ambos refugiados provenientes de Europa, se conocieron en 1939 solo unas pocas semanas despues de haber llegado a la ciudad de New York. De 1940 a 1954, ella fue su esposa, compañera de trabajo, secretaria and madre de su hijo.
En este relato ella describe imparcialmente y con franqueza el rápido ascenso de Wilhelm Reich en la comunidad psicoanalítica vienesa de Freud (El análisis del carácter, La revolución sexual, La función del orgasmo), su compromiso sexual-socio-político en Berlín (La psicología de masas del fascismo), su huida a Escandinavia y escape a Estados Unidos. La narración continúa siguiendo la vida de Reich a través de la turbulenta década de 1950 de la que ella fue testigo.
Aquí en los Estados Unidos afirmó haber descubierto lo que llamó la energía orgón, una fuerza vital que según él podría restaurar y mejorar la energía de vida propia (El descubrimiento del orgón). Para mediados de los 1950s, al mismo tiempo que él comenzó a experimentar con el control del clima, la Dirección de Alimentos y Drogas (FDA) detuvo su trabajo basándose en la rotulacion errónea, quemaron sus libros, destruyeron sus dispositivos médicos, fue condenado a dos años en la penitenciaría federal de Lewisburg, donde murió en 1957, a los 60 años.
En este relato directo de la vida de Reich, escrito tan sólo una década después de su muerte, se describen sus principales contribuciones a técnicas psiquiátricas – particularmente en Análisis del caracter en el cual identificó las expresiones somáticas de la emoción y formuló una terapia que subyace a muchas de las terapias populares que involucran cuerpo y mente.
En la década de 1950, sus experimentos con la energía orgón y el acumulador de energía orgón provocó una prohibición de la Dirección de Alimentos y Drogas y una prolongada batalla legal. Ilse Ollendorff Reich sirvió como testigo en el juicio de Reich en mayo de 1956 y describe el juicio y su posterior encarcelamiento con bastante detalle. Su experiencia personal y entrevistas con muchos ex- compañeros de trabajo en Europa permiten una visión común y única de la personalidad de Reich, sus miedos, furias, y su ingenuidad.
For the most part, this obituary was written by Ilse; only a few small changes have been added by the family.
Ilse Ollendorff Reich, 99, who spent the 1940's and 1950's in a marriage to the controversial psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich, died on Friday, December 19, 2008, at the home of her son in Leverett, MA. Ilse had moved to Amherst in 1989.
Ilse was born March 13, l909 in Breslau, Germany, daughter to Georg Ollendorff and Margarete Muhr. Growing up in Nazi Germany, Ilse became an ardent Socialist; later in the United States, she became active in the American Society of Friends and the Peace Movement.
She was educated and lived in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) until March, l933 when she fled Nazi Germany for France. She lived in Paris where she worked for the American Joint Distribution Committee until her emigration to the United States in February, l939. She met and married Wilhelm Reich later in that year, and started to work for him in early l940 as bookkeeper and administrator. After taking a course in laboratory technique, she also worked as a laboratory assistant in his research institute. A son, Peter Reich, was born in April of l944. Ilse became a U.S. citizen in 1947. Dr Reich moved his Orgone Institute and research enterprise permanently from New York to Rangeley, Maine in l949, and she lived there until l954, when she separated from Reich. Wilhelm Reich died in 1957.
Ilse began her studies for a career in education in 1954, earning a BS (summa cum laude) from University of Hartford in l960, a MA in Childhood Education from Teachers College, Columbia University in l962, and a Professional Diploma in Teaching Foreign Languages from the same institution in l965. She taught both French and German in public elementary, junior high, and high schools in Connecticut for l7 years before retiring in l974.
She had been active in Germany in the socialist movement, and was an activist for peace and prison reform. After her separation from Reich in l954, she renewed her social activities in the League of Women Voters and the Womens' International League for Peace and Freedom. She sought contact with Quakers through attendance in l955 at the Avon Institute, and became at that time a member of the Wider Quaker Fellowship. After moving to Fairfield County, Connecticut, in l964, she became a regular attender at Wilton Monthly Meeting, which she eventually joined in l968. She was active in that Meeting as representative to the Connecticut Friends Council and as assistant clerk in the later l970's.
When she moved in l979 to the Friends Community in North Easton, she transferred her membership to the North Easton Meeting, where she held offices as treasurer and Clerk. She was a member of New England Yearly Meeting (NEYM) Ministry and Counsel Committee, of NEYM Friends General Committee (FGC). She attended FGC Gatherings for more than 20 years, and was a member of FGC's Publication Committee. She transferred her membership from North Easton to Mt. Toby MM, when she moved to Amherst in l989, and at that time became a board member of Woolman Hill. While living in Connecticut, she was a volunteer visitor and teacher at Danbury Federal Prison under the auspices of the American Friends Service Committee, and at the same time a visitor at Connecticut jails, prisons and reformatory under the auspices of the Connecticut Prison Association.
In l969, her biography of Wilhelm Reich was published by St. Martin's Press, later translated and published in French, German, Spanish and Japanese editions. She also published a pamphlet on Angels.
Ilse moved to Clark House, Amherst, in 1989, and in January, 2001 moved to The Arbors at Amherst, an assisted living facility. At the time of her death she was the Arbor's oldest resident. Having entered Hospice Care recently, she moved to her son's home in Leverett in mid-December.read more
Reviews for Wilhelm Reich: una biografía personal
ES UN GRAN LIBRO. MUY BUENO. RECOMENDABLE PARA TODAS AQUELLAS PERSONAS INTERESADAS EN LA VIDA DE UNO DE LOS PERSONAJES MAS IMPORTANTES DEL SIGLO XX. UNO DE LOS PSICOANALISTAS MAS GRANDES DE LA HISTORIA. LASTIMA QUE AL FINAL DE SU VIDA NO FUERA COMPRENDIDOread more
Is this review helpful? Yes | NoThank you for your feedback.