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German Vocabulary for English Speakers: 9000 Words

German Vocabulary for English Speakers: 9000 Words

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German Vocabulary for English Speakers: 9000 Words

ratings:
2/5 (7 ratings)
Length:
1,701 pages
7 hours
Publisher:
Released:
Jul 13, 2013
ISBN:
9781780710990
Format:
Book

Description

Knowing and understanding around 9000 German words will give you the ability to read and write with only the minimal use of a dictionary. This knowledge will foster your ability to express your thoughts during conversation in a precise and accurate way. With a little practice and with the added help and experience of having viewed many German films, you will be proud and amazed at your new level. You will now see your language level improve to the point where you can say: “German? Absolutely! I know it very well.”

The vocabulary contains 256 topics including: Basic Concepts, Numbers, Colors, Months, Seasons, Units of Measurement, Clothing & Accessories, Food & Nutrition, Restaurant, Family Members, Relatives, Character, Feelings, Emotions, Diseases, City, Town, Sightseeing, Shopping, Money, House, Home, Office, Working in the Office, Marketing, Sports, Education, Computer, Internet, Tools, Nature, Countries, Nationalities and more ...

This book is intended to help you learn, memorize and review over 9000 commonly used German words. Recommended as additional support material to any language course. Meets the needs of both beginners and advanced learners. Convenient for daily use, reviewing sessions and self-testing activities. Allows you to assess your current vocabulary. This book can also be used by foreign learners of English.

Revised Edition, July 2013. Ref. SW0713

Publisher:
Released:
Jul 13, 2013
ISBN:
9781780710990
Format:
Book

About the author

T&P Books Publishing was founded in 2008. From the very beginning our primary business has been creating a collection of bilingual topical dictionaries for learning foreign languages. Our goal has been to create a unique publication project unlike anything else in the world. The company has grown steadily, but creating foreign language study aids is still our specialty.Our collection presently includes 30 world languages. We plan to add several languages this year: Japanese, Arabic, Korean, Hebrew, Hindi, Farsi, Tajik, Turkmen, and many more. Additionally, collections of books for the Japanese and Brazilian markets will be ready in the coming months. In all, we intend to raise the number of available languages to 60 and expand the range of titles to 10,000.Our linguists have developed a unique, multilingual database and specialized database management system. Known as Squamata, it can automatically create printed books, e-books, and audiobooks in 2,500 language pairs. We expect to enhance the system soon with the ability to develop mobile apps.

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German Vocabulary for English Speakers - Andrey Taranov

interpunct

BASIC CONCEPTS

BASIC CONCEPTS. PART 1

1. Pronouns

I, me

ich

[ɪç]

you

du

[du:]

he

er

[e:ɐ]

she

sie

[zi:]

it

es

[ɛs]

we

wir

[vi:ɐ]

you (to a group)

ihr

[i:ɐ]

you (polite, sing.)

Sie

[zi:]

you (polite, pl)

Sie

[zi:]

they

sie

[zi:]

2. Greetings. Salutations. Farewells

Hello! (fam.)

Hallo!

[ha'lo:]

Hello! (form.)

Hallo!

[ha'lo:]

Good morning!

Guten Morgen!

['ɡu:tən 'mɔʁɡən]

Good afternoon!

Guten Tag!

['ɡu:tən 'ta:k]

Good evening!

Guten Abend!

['ɡu:tən 'a:bənt]

to say hello

grüßen (vi, vt)

['ɡʀy:sən]

Hi! (hello)

Hallo!

[ha'lo:]

greeting (n)

Gruß (m)

[ɡʀu:s]

to greet (vt)

begrüßen (vt)

[bə'ɡʀy:sən]

How are you?

Wie geht's?

[ˌvi: 'ɡe:ts]

What's new?

Was gibt es Neues?

[vas ɡi:pt ɛs 'nɔɪəs]

Bye-Bye! Goodbye!

Auf Wiedersehen!

[aʊf 'vi:dɐˌze:ən]

See you soon!

Bis bald!

[bɪs balt]

Farewell! (to a friend)

Lebe wohl!

['le:bə vo:l]

Farewell! (form.)

Leben Sie wohl!

['le:bən zi: vo:l]

to say goodbye

sich verabschieden

[zɪç fɛɐ'apˌʃi:dən]

So long!

Tschüs!

[tʃy:s]

Thank you!

Danke!

['daŋkə]

Thank you very much!

Dankeschön!

['daŋkəʃø:n]

You're welcome

Bitte!

['bɪtə]

Don't mention it!

Keine Ursache!

['kaɪnə 'u:ɐˌzaχə]

It was nothing

Nichts zu danken!

[nɪçts tsu 'daŋkən]

Excuse me! (fam.)

Entschuldige!

[ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡə]

Excuse me! (form.)

Entschuldigung!

[ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡʊŋ]

to excuse (forgive)

entschuldigen (vt)

[ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡən]

to apologize (vi)

sich entschuldigen

[zɪç ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡən]

My apologies

Verzeihung!

[fɛɐ'tsaɪʊŋ]

I'm sorry!

Entschuldigung!

[ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡʊŋ]

to forgive (vt)

verzeihen (vt)

[fɛɐ'tsaɪən]

It's okay! (that's all right)

Das macht nichts!

[das maχt nɪçts]

please (adv)

bitte

['bɪtə]

Don't forget!

Nicht vergessen!

[nɪçt fɛɐ'ɡɛsən]

Certainly!

Natürlich!

[na'ty:ɐlɪç]

Of course not!

Natürlich nicht!

[na'ty:ɐlɪç 'nɪçt]

Okay! (I agree)

Gut! Okay!

[ɡu:t], [o'ke:]

That's enough!

Es ist genug!

[ɛs ist ɡə'nu:k]

3. How to address

mister, sir

Herr

[hɛʁ]

ma'am

Frau

[fʀaʊ]

miss

Frau

[fʀaʊ]

young man

Junger Mann

['jʏŋɐ man]

young man (little boy, kid)

Junge

['jʊŋə]

miss (little girl)

Mädchen

['mɛ:tçən]

4. Cardinal numbers. Part 1

⁰ zero

null

[nʊl]

¹ one

eins

[aɪns]

² two

zwei

[tsvaɪ]

³ three

drei

[dʀaɪ]

⁴ four

vier

[fi:ɐ]

⁵ five

fünf

[fʏnf]

⁶ six

sechs

[zɛks]

⁷ seven

sieben

['zi:bən]

⁸ eight

acht

[aχt]

⁹ nine

neun

[nɔɪn]

¹⁰ ten

zehn

[tse:n]

¹¹ eleven

elf

[ɛlf]

¹² twelve

zwölf

[tsvœlf]

¹³ thirteen

dreizehn

['dʀaɪtse:n]

¹⁴ fourteen

vierzehn

['fɪʁtse:n]

¹⁵ fifteen

fünfzehn

['fʏnftse:n]

¹⁶ sixteen

sechzehn

['zɛçtse:n]

¹⁷ seventeen

siebzehn

['zi:ptse:n]

¹⁸ eighteen

achtzehn

['aχtse:n]

¹⁹ nineteen

neunzehn

['nɔɪntse:n]

²⁰ twenty

zwanzig

['tsvantsɪç]

²¹ twenty-one

einundzwanzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'tsvantsɪç]

²² twenty-two

zweiundzwanzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'tsvantsɪç]

²³ twenty-three

dreiundzwanzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'tsvantsɪç]

³⁰ thirty

dreißig

['dʀaɪsɪç]

³¹ thirty-one

einunddreißig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'dʀaɪsɪç]

³² thirty-two

zweiunddreißig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'dʀaɪsɪç]

³³ thirty-three

dreiunddreißig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'dʀaɪsɪç]

⁴⁰ forty

vierzig

['fɪʁtsɪç]

⁴¹ forty-one

einundvierzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'fɪʁtsɪç]

⁴² forty-two

zweiundvierzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'fɪʁtsɪç]

⁴³ forty-three

dreiundvierzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'fɪʁtsɪç]

⁵⁰ fifty

fünfzig

['fʏnftsɪç]

⁵¹ fifty-one

einundfünfzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'fʏnftsɪç]

⁵² fifty-two

zweiundfünfzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'fʏnftsɪç]

⁵³ fifty-three

dreiundfünfzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'fʏnftsɪç]

⁶⁰ sixty

sechzig

['zɛçtsɪç]

⁶¹ sixty-one

einundsechzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'zɛçtsɪç]

⁶² sixty-two

zweiundsechzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'zɛçtsɪç]

⁶³ sixty-three

dreiundsechzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'zɛçtsɪç]

⁷⁰ seventy

siebzig

['zi:ptsɪç]

⁷¹ seventy-one

einundsiebzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'zi:ptsɪç]

⁷² seventy-two

zweiundsiebzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'zi:ptsɪç]

⁷³ seventy-three

dreiundsiebzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'zi:ptsɪç]

⁸⁰ eighty

achtzig

['aχtsɪç]

⁸¹ eighty-one

einundachtzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'aχtsɪç]

⁸² eighty-two

zweiundachtzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'aχtsɪç]

⁸³ eighty-three

dreiundachtzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'aχtsɪç]

⁹⁰ ninety

neunzig

['nɔɪntsɪç]

⁹¹ ninety-one

einundneunzig

['aɪn·ʊnt·'nɔɪntsɪç]

⁹² ninety-two

zweiundneunzig

['tsvaɪ·ʊnt·'nɔɪntsɪç]

⁹³ ninety-three

dreiundneunzig

['dʀaɪ·ʊnt·'nɔɪntsɪç]

5. Cardinal numbers. Part 2

¹⁰⁰ one hundred

einhundert

['aɪnˌhʊndɐt]

²⁰⁰ two hundred

zweihundert

['tsvaɪˌhʊndɐt]

³⁰⁰ three hundred

dreihundert

['dʀaɪˌhʊndɐt]

⁴⁰⁰ four hundred

vierhundert

['fi:ɐˌhʊndɐt]

⁵⁰⁰ five hundred

fünfhundert

['fʏnfˌhʊndɐt]

⁶⁰⁰ six hundred

sechshundert

[zɛksˌhʊndɐt]

⁷⁰⁰ seven hundred

siebenhundert

['zi:bənˌhʊndɐt]

⁸⁰⁰ eight hundred

achthundert

['aχtˌhʊndɐt]

⁹⁰⁰ nine hundred

neunhundert

['nɔɪnˌhʊndɐt]

¹⁰⁰⁰ one thousand

eintausend

['aɪnˌtaʊzənt]

²⁰⁰⁰ two thousand

zweitausend

['tsvaɪˌtauzənt]

³⁰⁰⁰ three thousand

dreitausend

['dʀaɪˌtaʊzənt]

¹⁰⁰⁰⁰ ten thousand

zehntausend

['tsenˌtaʊzənt]

one hundred thousand

hunderttausend

['hʊndɐtˌtaʊzənt]

million

Million (f)

[mɪ'ljo:n]

billion

Milliarde (f)

[mɪ'lɪaʁdə]

6. Ordinal numbers

first (adj)

der erste

[de:ɐ 'ɛʁstə]

second (adj)

der zweite

[de:ɐ 'tsvaɪtə]

third (adj)

der dritte

[de:ɐ 'dʀɪtə]

fourth (adj)

der vierte

[de:ɐ 'fi:ɐtə]

fifth (adj)

der fünfte

[de:ɐ 'fʏnftə]

sixth (adj)

der sechste

[de:ɐ 'zɛkstə]

seventh (adj)

der siebte

[de:ɐ 'zi:ptə]

eighth (adj)

der achte

[de:ɐ 'aχtə]

ninth (adj)

der neunte

[de:ɐ 'nɔɪntə]

tenth (adj)

der zehnte

[de:ɐ tse:ntə]

7. Numbers. Fractions

fraction

Bruch (m)

[bʀʊχ]

one half

Hälfte (f)

['hɛlftə]

one third

Drittel (n)

['dʀɪtəl]

one quarter

Viertel (n)

['fɪʁtəl]

one eighth

Achtel (m, n)

['aχtəl]

one tenth

Zehntel (m, n)

['tse:ntəl]

two thirds

zwei Drittel

[tsvaɪ 'dʀɪtəl]

three quarters

drei Viertel

[dʀaɪ 'fɪʁtəl]

8. Numbers. Basic operations

subtraction

Subtraktion (f)

[zʊptʀak'tsjo:n]

to subtract (vi, vt)

subtrahieren (vt)

[zʊptʀa'hi:ʀən]

division

Division (f)

[divi'zjo:n]

to divide (vt)

dividieren (vt)

[divi'di:ʀən]

addition

Addition (f)

[adi'tsjo:n]

to add up (vt)

addieren (vt)

[a'di:ʀən]

to add (vi, vt)

hinzufügen (vt)

[hɪn'tsu:ˌfy:ɡən]

multiplication

Multiplikation (f)

[mʊltiplika'tsjo:n]

to multiply (vt)

multiplizieren (vt)

[mʊltipli'tsi:ʀən]

9. Numbers. Miscellaneous

digit, figure

Ziffer (f)

['tsɪfɐ]

number

Zahl (f)

[tsa:l]

numeral

Zahlwort (n)

['tsa:lˌvɔʁt]

minus sign

Minus (n)

['mi:nʊs]

plus sign

Plus (n)

[plʊs]

formula

Formel (f)

['fɔʁməl]

calculation

Berechnung (f)

[bə'ʀɛçnʊŋ]

to count (vi, vt)

zählen (vt)

['tsɛ:lən]

to count up

berechnen (vt)

[bə'ʀɛçnən]

to compare (vt)

vergleichen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ɡlaɪçən]

How much?

Wie viel?

['vi: fi:l]

How many?

Wie viele?

[vi: 'fi:lə]

sum, total

Summe (f)

['zʊmə]

result

Ergebnis (n)

[ɛɐ'ɡe:pnɪs]

remainder

Rest (m)

[ʀɛst]

a few (e.g., ~ years ago)

einige

['aɪnɪɡə]

little (I had ~ time)

wenig …

['ve:nɪç]

the rest

Übrige (n)

['y:bʀɪɡə]

one and a half

anderthalb

['andɐt'halp]

dozen

Dutzend (n)

['dʊtsənt]

in half (adv)

entzwei

[ɛn'tsvaɪ]

equally (evenly)

zu gleichen Teilen

[tsu 'ɡlaɪçən 'taɪlən]

half

Hälfte (f)

['hɛlftə]

time (three ~s)

Mal (n)

[ma:l]

10. The most important verbs. Part 1

to advise (vt)

raten (vt)

['ʀa:tən]

to agree (say yes)

zustimmen (vi)

['tsu:ˌʃtɪmən]

to answer (vi, vt)

antworten (vi)

['antˌvɔʁtən]

to apologize (vi)

sich entschuldigen

[zɪç ɛnt'ʃʊldɪɡən]

to arrive (vi)

ankommen (vi)

['anˌkɔmən]

to ask (~ oneself)

fragen (vt)

['fʀa:ɡən]

to ask (~ sb to do sth)

bitten (vt)

['bɪtən]

to be (vi)

sein (vi)

[zaɪn]

to be afraid

Angst haben

['aŋst 'ha:bən]

to be hungry

hungrig sein

['hʊŋʀɪç zaɪn]

to be interested in …

sich interessieren

[zɪç ɪntəʀɛ'si:ʀən]

to be needed

nötig sein

['nø:tɪç zaɪn]

to be surprised

staunen (vi)

['ʃtaunən]

to be thirsty

Durst haben

['dʊʁst 'ha:bən]

to begin (vt)

beginnen (vt)

[bə'ɡɪnən]

to belong to …

gehören (vi)

[ɡə'hø:ʀən]

to boast (vi)

prahlen (vi)

['pʀa:lən]

to break (split into pieces)

brechen (vt)

['bʀɛçən]

to call (~ for help)

rufen (vi)

['ʀu:fən]

can (v aux)

können (v mod)

['kœnən]

to catch (vt)

fangen (vt)

['faŋən]

to change (vt)

ändern (vt)

['ɛndɐn]

to choose (select)

wählen (vt)

['vɛ:lən]

to come down (the stairs)

herabsteigen (vi)

[hɛ'ʀapˌʃtaɪɡən]

to compare (vt)

vergleichen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ɡlaɪçən]

to complain (vi, vt)

klagen (vi)

['kla:ɡən]

to confuse (mix up)

verwechseln (vt)

[fɛɐ'vɛksəln]

to continue (vt)

fortsetzen (vt)

['fɔʁtˌzɛtsən]

to control (vt)

kontrollieren (vt)

[kɔntʀɔ'li:ʀən]

to cook (dinner)

zubereiten (vt)

['tsu:bəˌʀaɪtən]

to cost (vt)

kosten (vt)

['kɔstən]

to count (add up)

rechnen (vt)

['ʀɛçnən]

to count on …

auf … zählen

[aʊf … 'tsɛ:lən]

to create (vt)

schaffen (vt)

['ʃafən]

to cry (weep)

weinen (vi)

['vaɪnən]

11. The most important verbs. Part 2

to deceive (vi, vt)

täuschen (vt)

['tɔɪʃən]

to decorate (tree, street)

schmücken (vt)

['ʃmʏkən]

to defend (a country, etc.)

verteidigen (vt)

[fɛɐ'taɪdɪɡən]

to demand (request firmly)

verlangen (vt)

[fɛɐ'laŋən]

to dig (vt)

graben (vt)

['ɡʀa:bən]

to discuss (vt)

besprechen (vt)

[bə'ʃpʀɛçən]

to do (vt)

machen (vt)

['maχən]

to doubt (have doubts)

zweifeln (vi)

['tsvaɪfəln]

to drop (let fall)

fallen lassen

['falən 'lasən]

to enter (room, house, etc.)

hereinkommen (vi)

[hɛ'ʀaɪnˌkɔmən]

to exist (vi)

existieren (vi)

[ˌɛksɪs'ti:ʀən]

to expect (foresee)

voraussehen (vt)

[fo'ʀaʊsˌze:ən]

to explain (vt)

erklären (vt)

[ɛɐ'klɛ:ʀən]

to fall (vi)

fallen (vi)

['falən]

to find (vt)

finden (vt)

['fɪndən]

to finish (vt)

beenden (vt)

[bə'ʔɛndən]

to fly (vi)

fliegen (vi)

['fli:ɡən]

to follow … (come after)

folgen (vi)

['fɔlɡən]

to forget (vi, vt)

vergessen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ɡɛsən]

to forgive (vt)

verzeihen (vt)

[fɛɐ'tsaɪən]

to give (vt)

geben (vt)

['ɡe:bən]

to give a hint

andeuten (vt)

['anˌdɔɪtən]

to go (on foot)

gehen (vi)

['ɡe:ən]

to go for a swim

schwimmen gehen

['ʃvɪmən 'ɡe:ən]

to go out (for dinner, etc.)

ausgehen (vi)

['aʊsˌɡe:ən]

to guess (the answer)

richtig raten (vt)

['ʀɪçtɪç 'ʀa:tən]

to have (vt)

haben (vt)

[ha:bən]

to have breakfast

frühstücken (vi)

['fʀy:ˌʃtʏkən]

to have dinner

zu Abend essen

[tsu 'a:bənt 'ɛsən]

to have lunch

zu Mittag essen

[tsu 'mɪta:k 'ɛsən]

to hear (vt)

hören (vt)

['hø:ʀən]

to help (vt)

helfen (vi)

['hɛlfən]

to hide (vt)

verstecken (vt)

[fɛɐ'ʃtɛkən]

to hope (vi, vt)

hoffen (vi)

['hɔfən]

to hunt (vi, vt)

jagen (vi)

['jaɡən]

to hurry (vi)

sich beeilen

[zɪç bə'ʔaɪlən]

12. The most important verbs. Part 3

to inform (vt)

informieren (vt)

[ɪnfɔʁ'mi:ʀən]

to insist (vi, vt)

bestehen auf

[bə'ʃte:ən aʊf]

to insult (vt)

kränken (vt)

['kʀɛŋkən]

to invite (vt)

einladen (vt)

['aɪnˌla:dən]

to joke (vi)

Witz machen

[vɪts 'maχən]

to keep (vt)

aufbewahren (vt)

['aʊfbəˌva:ʀən]

to keep silent, to hush

schweigen (vi)

['ʃvaɪɡən]

to kill (vt)

ermorden (vt)

[ɛɐ'mɔʁdən]

to know (sb)

kennen (vt)

['kɛnən]

to know (sth)

wissen (vt)

['vɪsən]

to laugh (vi)

lachen (vi)

['laχən]

to liberate (city, etc.)

befreien (vt)

[bə'fʀaɪən]

to like (I like …)

gefallen (vi)

[ɡə'falən]

to look for … (search)

suchen (vt)

['zu:χən]

to love (sb)

lieben (vt)

['li:bən]

to make a mistake

sich irren

[zɪç 'ɪʀən]

to manage, to run

leiten (vt)

['laɪtən]

to mean (signify)

bedeuten (vt)

[bə'dɔɪtən]

to mention (talk about)

erwähnen (vt)

[ɛɐ'vɛ:nən]

to miss (school, etc.)

versäumen (vt)

[fɛɐ'zɔɪmən]

to notice (see)

bemerken (vt)

[bə'mɛʁkən]

to object (vi, vt)

einwenden (vt)

['aɪnˌvɛndən]

to observe (see)

beobachten (vt)

[bə'ʔo:baχtən]

to open (vt)

öffnen (vt)

['œfnən]

to order (meal, etc.)

bestellen (vt)

[bə'ʃtɛlən]

to order (mil.)

befehlen (vt)

[ˌbə'fe:lən]

to own (possess)

besitzen (vt)

[bə'zɪtsən]

to participate (vi)

teilnehmen (vi)

['taɪlˌne:mən]

to pay (vi, vt)

zahlen (vt)

['tsa:lən]

to permit (vt)

erlauben (vt)

[ɛɐ'laʊbən]

to plan (vt)

planen (vt)

['pla:nən]

to play (children)

spielen (vi, vt)

['ʃpi:lən]

to pray (vi, vt)

beten (vi)

['be:tən]

to prefer (vt)

vorziehen (vt)

['foɐˌtsi:ən]

to promise (vt)

versprechen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ʃpʀɛçən]

to pronounce (vt)

aussprechen (vt)

['aʊsˌʃpʀɛçən]

to propose (vt)

vorschlagen (vt)

['fo:ɐˌʃla:ɡən]

to punish (vt)

bestrafen (vt)

[bə'ʃtʀa:fən]

13. The most important verbs. Part 4

to read (vi, vt)

lesen (vi, vt)

['le:zən]

to recommend (vt)

empfehlen (vt)

[ɛm'pfe:lən]

to refuse (vi, vt)

sich weigern

[zɪç 'vaɪɡɐn]

to regret (be sorry)

bedauern (vt)

[bə'daʊɐn]

to rent (sth from sb)

mieten (vt)

['mi:tən]

to repeat (say again)

noch einmal sagen

[nɔχ 'aɪnma:l 'za:ɡən]

to reserve, to book

reservieren (vt)

[ʀezɛʁ'vi:ʀən]

to run (vi)

laufen (vi)

['laʊfən]

to save (rescue)

retten (vt)

['ʀɛtən]

to say (~ thank you)

sagen (vt)

['za:ɡən]

to scold (vt)

schelten (vt)

['ʃɛltən]

to see (vt)

sehen (vi, vt)

['ze:ən]

to sell (vt)

verkaufen (vt)

[fɛɐ'kaʊfən]

to send (vt)

abschicken (vt)

['apˌʃɪkən]

to shoot (vi)

schießen (vi)

['ʃi:sən]

to shout (vi)

schreien (vi)

['ʃʀaɪən]

to show (vt)

zeigen (vt)

['tsaɪɡən]

to sign (document)

unterschreiben (vt)

[ˌʊntɐ'ʃʀaɪbən]

to sit down (vi)

sich setzen

[zɪç 'zɛtsən]

to smile (vi)

lächeln (vi)

['lɛçəln]

to speak (vi, vt)

sprechen (vi)

['ʃpʀɛçən]

to steal (money, etc.)

stehlen (vt)

['ʃte:lən]

to stop (for pause, etc.)

stoppen (vt)

['ʃtɔpən]

to stop (please ~ calling me)

einstellen (vt)

['aɪnˌʃtɛlən]

to study (vt)

lernen (vt)

['lɛʁnən]

to swim (vi)

schwimmen (vi)

['ʃvɪmən]

to take (vt)

nehmen (vt)

['ne:mən]

to think (vi, vt)

denken (vi, vt)

['dɛŋkən]

to threaten (vt)

drohen (vi)

['dʀo:ən]

to touch (with hands)

berühren (vt)

[bə'ʀy:ʀən]

to translate (vt)

übersetzen (vt)

[ˌy:bɐ'zɛtsən]

to trust (vt)

vertrauen (vi)

[fɛɐ'tʀaʊən]

to try (attempt)

versuchen (vt)

[fɛɐ'zu:χən]

to turn (e.g., ~ left)

abbiegen (vi)

['apˌbi:ɡən]

to underestimate (vt)

unterschätzen (vt)

[ˌʊntɐ'ʃɛtsən]

to understand (vt)

verstehen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ʃte:ən]

to unite (vt)

vereinigen (vt)

[fɛɐ'ʔaɪnɪɡən]

to wait (vt)

warten (vi)

['vaʁtən]

to want (wish, desire)

wollen (vt)

['vɔlən]

to warn (vt)

warnen (vt)

['vaʁnən]

to work (vi)

arbeiten (vi)

['aʁbaɪtən]

to write (vt)

schreiben (vi, vt)

['ʃʀaɪbən]

to write down

aufschreiben (vt)

['aʊfˌʃʀaɪbən]

14. Colors

color

Farbe (f)

['faʁbə]

shade (tint)

Schattierung (f)

[ʃa'ti:ʀʊŋ]

hue

Farbton (m)

['faʁpˌto:n]

rainbow

Regenbogen (m)

['ʀe:ɡənˌbo:ɡən]

white (adj)

weiß

[vaɪs]

black (adj)

schwarz

[ʃvaʁts]

gray (adj)

grau

[ɡʀaʊ]

green (adj)

grün

[ɡʀy:n]

yellow (adj)

gelb

[ɡɛlp]

red (adj)

rot

[ʀo:t]

blue (adj)

blau

[blaʊ]

light blue (adj)

hellblau

['hɛlˌblaʊ]

pink (adj)

rosa

['ʀo:za]

orange (adj)

orange

[o'ʀaŋʃ]

violet (adj)

violett

[vɪo'lɛt]

brown (adj)

braun

[bʀaʊn]

golden (adj)

golden

['ɡɔldən]

silvery (adj)

silbrig

['zɪlbʀɪç]

beige (adj)

beige

[be:ʃ]

cream (adj)

cremefarben

['kʀɛ:mˌfaʁbən]

turquoise (adj)

türkis

[tʏʁ'ki:s]

cherry red (adj)

kirschrot

['kɪʁʃʀo:t]

lilac (adj)

lila

['li:la]

crimson (adj)

himbeerrot

['hɪmbe:ɐˌʀo:t]

light (adj)

hell

[hɛl]

dark (adj)

dunkel

['dʊŋkəl]

bright, vivid (adj)

grell

[ɡʀɛl]

colored (pencils)

Farb-

['faʁp]

color (e.g., ~ film)

Farb-

['faʁp]

black-and-white (adj)

schwarz-weiß

['ʃvaʁtsˌvaɪs]

plain (one-colored)

einfarbig

['aɪnˌfaʁbɪç]

multicolored (adj)

bunt

[bʊnt]

15. Questions

Who?

Wer?

[ve:ɐ]

What?

Was?

[vas]

Where? (at, in)

Wo?

[vo:]

Where (to)?

Wohin?

[vo'hɪn]

From where?

Woher?

[vo'he:ɐ]

When?

Wann?

[van]

Why? (What for?)

Wozu?

[vo'tsu:]

Why? (~ are you crying?)

Warum?

[va'ʀʊm]

What for?

Wofür?

[vo'fy:ɐ]

How? (in what way)

Wie?

[vi:]

What? (What kind of …?)

Welcher?

['vɛlçɐ]

Which?

Welcher?

['vɛlçɐ]

To whom?

Wem?

[ve:m]

About whom?

Über wen?

['y:bɐ ve:n]

About what?

Wovon?

[vo:'fɔn]

With whom?

Mit wem?

[mɪt ve:m]

How many?

Wie viele?

[vi: 'fi:lə]

How much?

Wie viel?

['vi: fi:l]

Whose?

Wessen?

['vɛsən]

16. Prepositions

with (accompanied by)

mit

[mɪt]

without

ohne

['o:nə]

to (indicating direction)

nach

[na:χ]

about (talking ~ …)

über

['y:bɐ]

before (in time)

vor

[fo:ɐ]

in front of …

vor

[fo:ɐ]

under (beneath, below)

unter

['ʊntɐ]

above (over)

über

['y:bɐ]

on (atop)

auf

[aʊf]

from (off, out of)

aus

['aʊs]

of (made from)

aus, von

['aʊs], [fɔn]

in (e.g., ~ ten minutes)

in

[ɪn]

over (across the top of)

über

['y:bɐ]

17. Function words. Adverbs. Part 1

Where? (at, in)

Wo?

[vo:]

here (adv)

hier

[hi:ɐ]

there (adv)

dort

[dɔʁt]

somewhere (to be)

irgendwo

['ɪʁɡənt'vo:]

nowhere (not in any place)

nirgends

['nɪʁɡənts]

by (near, beside)

an

[an]

by the window

am Fenster

[am 'fɛnstɐ]

Where (to)?

Wohin?

[vo'hɪn]

here (e.g., come ~!)

hierher

['hi:ɐ'he:ɐ]

there (e.g., to go ~)

dahin

[da'hɪn]

from here (adv)

von hier

[fɔn hi:ɐ]

from there (adv)

von da

[fɔn da:]

close (adv)

nah

[na:]

far (adv)

weit

[vaɪt]

near (e.g., ~ Paris)

in der Nähe von …

[ɪn de:ɐ 'nɛ:ə fɔn]

nearby (adv)

in der Nähe

[ɪn de:ɐ 'nɛ:ə]

not far (adv)

unweit

['ʊnvaɪt]

left (adj)

link

[lɪŋk]

on the left

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  • (3/5)
    tl;dr - This book can be a useful addition to your other language learning activities, but I wouldn't rely on it exclusively, and I wouldn't pay very much for it.

    "German Vocabulary" is not a complete language course, nor does it claim to be. It's something you can add on to an existing program to build out your vocabulary. A normal self-study language course will provide 1,000 - 2,000 root words in the foreign language (when I say "root words", I mean "learn", "learning", and "learned" are all forms of the same word). This is generally enough to perform everyday transactions and read simple written material. However, the average high school graduate has a working vocabulary of around 10,000 words, so there's a lot more to learn. That's where a book like this comes in.

    Pros:
    1. There are some redundant entries, but even if we exclude those, there are still about 5,000 root words here. If you can get those down, you should be much more comfortable with reading adult literature or conversation (though these skills do require dedicated practice; fluency comes from doing, not from studying.)
    2. Some of the entries are phrases rather than individual words, which is helpful because words can change meaning depending on context, like a "bear" in the woods, "bearing" a child, or losing your "bearings".
    3. The pronunciation is given using IPA notation. IPA is a phonetic script used to illustrate in writing how a word should be prounounced, and since German includes several sounds that are uncommon in English, this can be quite helpful.

    Cons:
    1. This is still just a list of words. There's nothing in here that will give you the practice you need to develop proficiency and confidence in the language.
    2. There are a few redundant entries. In the English-German book, for example, there is "Hello (formal)" and "Hello (informal)", even though both languages use the same word for both situations.
    3. As stated on the author's Scribd biography, these translations are machine-generated. I haven't found any glaring inaccuracies, but I'm suspicious. And if you're going to go that route, why not use one of the many free resources online?
    4. Entries for nouns don't include the noun's gender or plural forms. These are particularly important in German because genders and plurals don't follow an obvious pattern.
    5. The formatting in the Scribd edition is pretty bad. Each entry takes up three lines: the English word, the German word, and the IPA notation. There are also no bullet points or whitespace to separate the entries, so it all just runs together. Again, this is just how Scribd rendered it; the Kindle edition is much cleaner looking.

    Bottom line: If I could pick this book up cheaply, I would get it. The entries are useful and well organized, and the IPA provides some value that you don't normally get in vocab books. I wouldn't pay full retail though. At its core though, it is still just a list of vocab. There are plenty of other ways to learn vocabulary that are more interesting and interactive than reading a list.
  • (5/5)
    I really want to say "thank you" to you. This is a very interesting book and you are one of the best.