Incorporating significant editorial changes from earlier editions,the fourth edition of Ludwig Wittgenstein's PhilosophicalInvestigations is the definitive en face German-Englishversion of the most important work of 20th-century philosophy The extensively revised English translation incorporates manyhundreds of changes to Anscombe’s original translation Footnoted remarks in the earlier editions have now beenrelocated in the text What was previously referred to as ‘Part 2’ is nowrepublished as Philosophy of Psychology – A Fragment,and all the remarks in it are numbered for ease of reference New detailed editorial endnotes explain decisions oftranslators and identify references and allusions in Wittgenstein'soriginal text Now features new essays on the history of the PhilosophicalInvestigations, and the problems of translatingWittgenstein’s text
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Although less dominant now than when I was a student, Ludwig Wittgenstein's thoughts from the "Tractatus" to the "Untersuchungen" influence all my philosophical thinking. As a student I could only afford the English translation of the 2nd edn and it is now a much worn volume, and I was delighted to buy this new 3rd edition. Even 'though it represents the second revision of Elizabeth Anscombe's thoughts on the German text, it is good to be able to compare her version with the original German.It is a book that can be read in three ways. Sometimes I will read it from cover to cover. Other times one can read just a group of sections on a specific topic, say the rules for use being the meaning of a word. Lastly I can light my pipe, sit by the fire and read a few sections at random - it always generates new ideas. In this it has an unexpected affinity with a volume of poems.Wittgenstein is not everybody's cup of tea, but he is mine, and if one is open-minded, this work, along with the Tractatus and the Remarks on Mathematics, has something to offer to all.By the way, although LibraryThing classifies this work as German philodophy, Wittgenstein, like several Logical Positivists, was an Austrian.more
I found this book powerful when I first read it because I had just read the Tractatus and the contrast was challenged my mind. As I read the Investigations I questioned Wittgenstein's method, to the extent I understood it. This is worth returning to and thinking about over a long period of time.more
This is one of the books I read again and again. I never grow tired of the brilliant analysis of the potentials and the limitations of any language. His arguments seem to apply equally well to human languages, to animal languages and to robot languages. I like his way of debunking most of the traditional philosophic lingo while discussing the central issues of philosophy. He demonstrates the superiority of the simple words over the convoluted crap most academics seem to love. Seeing the force of the simple words is totally exhilirating. Another great thing about the treatise is the insight that language is something evolution has given us as a bunch of tools crafted to help us out in different situations. That means language is not a consistent logical system. It is fragmented, and its various bits and pieces are governed by different logics. Even if this insight seems rather obvious it is a surprisingly efficient tool to eliminate a whole lot of paradoxes and dilemmas that are simply the effect of us using the logic of one compartment of language in another compartment where it does not apply. Refreshing as an early morning in March.more
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