This study is a contextual overview to assist anyone researching Cold War industrial facilities in the United States. It gives a broad overview of the structure of the government-owned portion of the defense industrial base and discusses the various trends that affected that structure from the 1940s to the 1980s. This report focuses on production by government-owned facilities. For the purposes of this study, a defense production facility is defined as one that manufactures any article or product for military use and in which the Department of Defense has a significant investment in all or some of the land and/or equipment.
Chapter 1: Introduction * Chapter 2: The Legacy of Total War * The Arsenal System * Mobilization for Total War * The Expansion of the Aircraft Industry * The Production Record * Chapter 3: The Production Base in 1945 * The Industrial Base * Aircraft Plants * Ammunition Plants * Gun Plants * Tank Plants * Shipyards * Chapter 4: From World War to Cold War, 1945-1953 * Demobilization * Preparedness Planning * The Korean Emergency * Chapter 5: The Missile Era, 1953-1961 * The New Look * Air Force Production and Facilities * Navy Production and Facilities * Army Production and Facilities * Chapter 6: The Vietnam Era, 1961-1973 * McNamara * Vietnam * Chapter 7: The End of the Cold War, 1973-1987 * Modernization * Decline of the Industrial Base * The Reagan Buildup * Conclusion * Bibliography * Miscellaneous References * Records Repositories * Congressional Hearings and Reports * Miscellaneous Reports and Documents * Command Histories * Books * Articles * Appendix: Industrial Facilities Owned by the Department of Defense, 1996 * Alabama * Redstone Arsenal * Arizona * Air Force Plant 44 * Arkansas * Pine Bluff Arsenal * California * Air Force Plant 42 * Air Force Plant 19 * Air Force Plant 70 * Barstow Marine Logistics Center * Long Beach Naval Shipyard * Mare Island Naval Activities * Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant * Sacramento Air Logistics Center * Colorado * Air Force Plant PJKS * Rocky Mountain Arsenal * Connecticut * New London Naval Submarine Base * Stratford Army Engine Plant * District of Columbia * Washington Navy Yard * Florida * Pensacola Naval Complex * Georgia * Air Force Plant 6 * Warner-Robins Air Logistics Center * Hawaii * Pearl Harbor Naval Complex * Illinois * Rock Island Arsenal * Indiana * Crane Army Ammunition Activity * Indiana Army Ammunition Plant, Facility One * Iowa * Iowa Army Ammunition Plant * Kansas * Kansas Army Ammunition Plant * Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant * Kentucky * Louisville Naval Ordnance Depot * Louisiana * Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant * Maryland * Edgewood Arsenal * Naval Surface Warfare Center * Massachusetts * Boston Navy Yard * Michigan * Detroit Arsenal * Minnesota * Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant * Mississippi * Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant * Missouri * Lake City Army Ammunition Plant * Nevada * Hawthorne Ammunition Depot * New Hampshire * Portsmouth Naval Shipyard * New Jersey * Picatinny Arsenal * New York * Air Force Plant 38 * Air Force Plant 59 * Watervliet Arsenal * Ohio * Air Force Plant 36 * Air Force Plant 85 * Lima Army Tank Plant * Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant * Oklahoma * Air Force Plant 3 * McAlester Army Ammunition Plant * Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center * Pennsylvania * Philadelphia Naval Base and Shipyard * Scranton Army Ammunition Plant * South Carolina * Charleston Naval Shipyard * Tennessee * Holston Army Ammunition Plant * Milan Army Ammunition Plant * Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant * Texas * Air Force Plant 4 * Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant * Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant * Utah * Air Force Plant 78 * Ogden Air Logistics Center * Virginia * Norfolk Naval Shipyard * Radford Army Ammunition Plant * Yorktown Naval Weapons Station * Washington * Puget Sound Naval Shipyard * Wisconsin * Badger Army Ammunition Plant