Theme-based dictionary: British English-Malay - 9000 words by Andrey Taranov by Andrey Taranov - Read Online

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Theme-based dictionary - Andrey Taranov

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BASIC CONCEPTS

BASIC CONCEPTS. PART 1

1. Pronouns

I, me

saya, aku

[saja], [akʊ]

you

awak

[avak]

he, she, it

dia, ia

[dia], [ia]

we

kami, kita

[kami], [kita]

you (to a group)

kamu

[kamʊ]

you (polite, sing.)

anda

[anda]

you (polite, pl)

anda

[anda]

they (inanim.)

ia

[ia]

they (anim.)

mereka

[mreka]

2. Greetings. Salutations. Farewells

Hello! (fam.)

Helo!

[helo]

Hello! (form.)

Helo!

[helo]

Good morning!

Selamat pagi!

[sɛlamat pagi]

Good afternoon!

Selamat petang!

[sɛlamat pɛtaŋ]

Good evening!

Selamat petang!

[sɛlamat pɛtaŋ]

to say hello

bersapa

[bɛrsapa]

Hi! (hello)

Hai!

[haɪ]

greeting (n)

sambutan

[sambʊtan]

to greet (vt)

menyambut

[mɛɲjambʊt]

How are you?

Apa khabar?

[apa kabar]

What's new?

Apa yang baru?

[apa jaŋ barʊ]

Bye-Bye! Goodbye!

Sampai jumpa lagi!

[sampaɪ ʤʊmpa lagi]

See you soon!

Sampai jumpa lagi!

[sampaɪ ʤʊmpa lagi]

Farewell!

Selamat tinggal!

[sɛlamat tiŋgal]

to say goodbye

minta diri

[minta diri]

Cheers!

Jumpa lagi!

[ʤʊmpa lagi]

Thank you! Cheers!

Terima kasih!

[tɛrima kasih]

Thank you very much!

Terima kasih banyak!

[tɛrima kasih baɲak]

My pleasure!

Sama-sama

[sama sama]

Don't mention it!

Sama-sama!

[sama sama]

It was nothing

Sama-sama

[sama sama]

Excuse me! (fam.)

Maaf!

[ma:f]

Excuse me! (form.)

Minta maaf!

[minta ma:f]

to excuse (forgive)

memaafkan

[mɛma:fkan]

to apologize (vi)

minta maaf

[minta ma:f]

My apologies

Maafkan saya

[ma:fkan saja]

I'm sorry!

Maaf!

[ma:f]

to forgive (vt)

memaafkan

[mɛma:fkan]

It's okay!

Tidak apa-apa!

[tidak apa apa]

please (adv)

sila, tolong

[sila], [toloŋ]

Don't forget!

Jangan lupa!

[ʤaŋan lʊpa]

Certainly!

Tentu!

[tɛntʊ]

Of course not!

Tentu tidak!

[tɛntʊ tidak]

Okay! (I agree)

Setuju!

[sɛtʊʤʊ]

That's enough!

Cukuplah!

[ʧʊkʊplah]

3. How to address

Excuse me!

Minta maaf!

[minta ma:f]

mister, sir

tuan

[tʊan]

madam

puan

[pʊan]

miss

gadis, cik

[gadis], [ʧik]

young man

orang muda

[oraŋ mʊda]

young man (little boy)

budak lelaki

[bʊdak lɛlaki]

miss (little girl)

gadis kecil

[gadis kɛʧil]

4. Cardinal numbers. Part 1

⁰ zero

sifar

[sifar]

¹ one

satu

[satʊ]

² two

dua

[dʊa]

³ three

tiga

[tiga]

⁴ four

empat

[ɛmpat]

⁵ five

lima

[lima]

⁶ six

enam

[ɛnam]

⁷ seven

tujuh

[tʊʤʊh]

⁸ eight

lapan

[lapan]

⁹ nine

sembilan

[sɛmbilan]

¹⁰ ten

sepuluh

[sɛpʊlʊh]

¹¹ eleven

sebelas

[sɛblas]

¹² twelve

dua belas

[dʊa blas]

¹³ thirteen

tiga belas

[tiga blas]

¹⁴ fourteen

empat belas

[ɛmpat blas]

¹⁵ fifteen

lima belas

[lima blas]

¹⁶ sixteen

enam belas

[ɛnam blas]

¹⁷ seventeen

tujuh belas

[tʊʤʊh blas]

¹⁸ eighteen

lapan belas

[lapan blas]

¹⁹ nineteen

sembilan belas

[sɛmbilan blas]

²⁰ twenty

dua puluh

[dʊa pʊlʊh]

²¹ twenty-one

dua puluh satu

[dʊa pʊlʊh satʊ]

²² twenty-two

dua puluh dua

[dʊa pʊlʊh dʊa]

²³ twenty-three

dua puluh tiga

[dʊa pʊlʊh tiga]

³⁰ thirty

tiga puluh

[tiga pʊlʊh]

³¹ thirty-one

tiga puluh satu

[tiga pʊlʊh satʊ]

³² thirty-two

tiga puluh dua

[tiga pʊlʊh dʊa]

³³ thirty-three

tiga puluh tiga

[tiga pʊlʊh tiga]

⁴⁰ forty

empat puluh

[ɛmpat pʊlʊh]

⁴¹ forty-one

empat puluh satu

[ɛmpat pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁴² forty-two

empat puluh dua

[ɛmpat pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁴³ forty-three

empat puluh tiga

[ɛmpat pʊlʊh tiga]

⁵⁰ fifty

lima puluh

[lima pʊlʊh]

⁵¹ fifty-one

lima puluh satu

[lima pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁵² fifty-two

lima puluh dua

[lima pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁵³ fifty-three

lima puluh tiga

[lima pʊlʊh tiga]

⁶⁰ sixty

enam puluh

[ɛnam pʊlʊh]

⁶¹ sixty-one

enam puluh satu

[ɛnam pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁶² sixty-two

enam puluh dua

[ɛnam pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁶³ sixty-three

enam puluh tiga

[ɛnam pʊlʊh tiga]

⁷⁰ seventy

tujuh puluh

[tʊʤʊh pʊlʊh]

⁷¹ seventy-one

tujuh puluh satu

[tʊʤʊh pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁷² seventy-two

tujuh puluh dua

[tʊʤʊh pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁷³ seventy-three

tujuh puluh tiga

[tʊʤʊh pʊlʊh tiga]

⁸⁰ eighty

lapan puluh

[lapan pʊlʊh]

⁸¹ eighty-one

lapan puluh satu

[lapan pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁸² eighty-two

lapan puluh dua

[lapan pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁸³ eighty-three

lapan puluh tiga

[lapan pʊlʊh tiga]

⁹⁰ ninety

sembilan puluh

[sɛmbilan pʊlʊh]

⁹¹ ninety-one

sembulan puluh satu

[sɛmbʊlan pʊlʊh satʊ]

⁹² ninety-two

sembilan puluh dua

[sɛmbilan pʊlʊh dʊa]

⁹³ ninety-three

sembilan puluh tiga

[ɛembilan pʊlʊh tiga]

5. Cardinal numbers. Part 2

¹⁰⁰ one hundred

seratus

[sɛratʊs]

²⁰⁰ two hundred

dua ratus

[dʊa ratʊs]

³⁰⁰ three hundred

tiga ratus

[tiga ratʊs]

⁴⁰⁰ four hundred

empat ratus

[ɛmpat ratʊs]

⁵⁰⁰ five hundred

lima ratus

[lima ratʊs]

⁶⁰⁰ six hundred

enam ratus

[ɛnam ratʊs]

⁷⁰⁰ seven hundred

tujuh ratus

[tʊʤʊh ratʊs]

⁸⁰⁰ eight hundred

lapan ratus

[lapan ratʊs]

⁹⁰⁰ nine hundred

sembilan ratus

[sɛmbilan ratʊs]

¹⁰⁰⁰ one thousand

seribu

[sɛribʊ]

²⁰⁰⁰ two thousand

dua ribu

[dʊa ribʊ]

³⁰⁰⁰ three thousand

tiga ribu

[tiga ribʊ]

¹⁰⁰⁰⁰ ten thousand

sepuluh ribu

[sɛpʊlʊh ribʊ]

one hundred thousand

seratus ribu

[sɛratʊs ribʊ]

million

juta

[ʤʊta]

billion

billion

[billion]

6. Ordinal numbers

first (adj)

pertama

[pɛrtama]

second (adj)

kedua

[kɛdʊa]

third (adj)

ketiga

[kɛtiga]

fourth (adj)

keempat

[kɛ:mpat]

fifth (adj)

kelima

[kɛlima]

sixth (adj)

keenam

[kɛ:nam]

seventh (adj)

ketujuh

[kɛtʊʤʊh]

eighth (adj)

kelapan

[kɛlapan]

ninth (adj)

kesembilan

[kɛsɛmbilan]

tenth (adj)

kesepuluh

[kɛsɛpʊlʊh]

7. Numbers. Fractions

fraction

pecahan

[pɛʧahan]

one half

seperdua

[sɛpɛrdʊa]

one third

sepertiga

[sɛpɛrtiga]

one quarter

seperempat

[sɛpɛrɛmpat]

one eighth

seperlapan

[sɛpɛrlapan]

one tenth

sepersepuluh

[sɛpɛrsɛpʊlʊh]

two thirds

dua pertiga

[dʊa pɛrtiga]

three quarters

tiga suku

[tiga sʊkʊ]

8. Numbers. Basic operations

subtraction

kira-kira tolak

[kira kira tolak]

to subtract (vi, vt)

tolak

[tolak]

division

pembahagian

[pɛmbahagian]

to divide (vt)

membahagi

[mɛmbahagi]

addition

campuran

[ʧampʊran]

to add up (vt)

mencampurkan

[mɛnʧampʊrkan]

to add (vi)

menambah

[mɛnambah]

multiplication

pendaraban

[pɛndaraban]

to multiply (vt)

mengalikan

[mɛŋalikan]

9. Numbers. Miscellaneous

digit, figure

angka

[aŋka]

number

nombor

[nombor]

numeral

kata bilangan

[kata bilaŋan]

minus sign

minus

[minʊs]

plus sign

plus

[plʊs]

formula

formula, rumus

[formʊla], [rʊmʊs]

calculation

penghitungan

[pɛŋhitʊŋan]

to count (vt)

menghitung

[mɛŋhitʊŋ]

to count up

menghitung

[mɛŋhitʊŋ]

to compare (vt)

membandingkan

[mɛmbandiŋkan]

How much?

Berapa?

[brapa]

sum, total

jumlah

[ʤʊmlah]

result

hasil

[hasil]

remainder

sisa, baki

[sisa], [baki]

a few …

beberapa

[bɛbrapa]

few, little (adv)

sedikit

[sɛdikit]

the rest

bakinya

[bakiɲa]

one and a half

satu setengah

[satʊ sɛtɛŋah]

dozen

dozen

[dozen]

in half (adv)

dua

[dʊa]

equally (evenly)

rata

[rata]

half

setengah

[sɛtɛŋah]

time (three ~s)

kali

[kali]

10. The most important verbs. Part 1

to advise (vt)

menasihatkan

[mɛnasihatkan]

to agree (say yes)

setuju

[sɛtʊʤʊ]

to answer (vi, vt)

menjawab

[mɛnʤavab]

to apologize (vi)

minta maaf

[minta ma:f]

to arrive (vi)

datang

[dataŋ]

to ask (~ oneself)

menyoal

[mɛɲʲoal]

to ask (~ sb to do sth)

meminta

[mɛminta]

to be (~ a teacher)

ialah

[ialah]

to be (~ on a diet)

sedang

[sɛdaŋ]

to be afraid

takut

[takʊt]

to be hungry

lapar

[lapar]

to be interested in …

menaruh minat

[mɛnarʊh minat]

to be needed

diperlukan

[dipɛrlʊkan]

to be surprised

hairan

[haɪran]

to be thirsty

haus

[haʊs]

to begin (vt)

memulakan

[mɛmʊlakan]

to belong to …

kepunyaan

[kɛpʊɲja:n]

to boast (vi)

bercakap besar

[bɛrʧakap bɛsar]

to break (split into pieces)

memecahkan

[mɛmɛʧahkan]

to call (for help)

memanggil

[mɛmaŋgil]

can (v aux)

boleh

[bole]

to catch (vt)

menangkap

[mɛnaŋkap]

to change (vt)

mengubah

[mɛŋʊbah]

to choose (select)

memilih

[mɛmilih]

to come down

turun

[tʊrʊn]

to come in (enter)

masuk

[masʊk]

to compare (vt)

membandingkan

[mɛmbandiŋkan]

to complain (vi, vt)

mengadu

[mɛŋadʊ]

to confuse (mix up)

mengelirukan

[mɛŋɛlirʊkan]

to continue (vt)

meneruskan

[mɛnɛrʊskan]

to control (vt)

mengawal

[mɛŋaval]

to cook (dinner)

memasak

[mɛmasak]

to cost (vt)

berharga

[bɛrharga]

to count (add up)

menghitung

[mɛŋhitʊŋ]

to count on …

mengharapkan

[mɛŋharapkan]

to create (vt)

menciptakan

[mɛnʧiptakan]

to cry (weep)

menangis

[mɛnaŋis]

11. The most important verbs. Part 2

to deceive (vi, vt)

menipu

[mɛnipʊ]

to decorate (tree, street)

menghiasi

[mɛŋhiasi]

to defend (a country, etc.)

membela

[mɛmbɛla]

to demand (request firmly)

menuntut

[mɛnʊntʊt]

to dig (vt)

menggali

[mɛŋgali]

to discuss (vt)

membincangkan

[mɛmbinʧaŋkan]

to do (vt)

membuat

[mɛmbʊat]

to doubt (have doubts)

ragu-ragu

[ragʊ ragʊ]

to drop (let fall)

tercicir

[tɛrʧiʧir]

to excuse (forgive)

memaafkan

[mɛma:fkan]

to exist (vi)

wujud

[vʊʤʊd]

to expect (foresee)

menjangkakan

[mɛnʤaŋkakan]

to explain (vt)

menjelaskan

[mɛnʤɛlaskan]

to fall (vi)

jatuh

[ʤatʊh]

to fancy (vt)

suka

[sʊka]

to find (vt)

menemui

[mɛnɛmʊi]

to finish (vt)

menamatkan

[mɛnamatkan]

to fly (vi)

terbang

[tɛrbaŋ]

to follow … (come after)

mengikuti

[mɛŋikʊti]

to forget (vi, vt)

melupakan

[mɛlʊpakan]

to forgive (vt)

memaafkan

[mɛma:fkan]

to give (vt)

memberi

[mɛmbri]

to give a hint

memberi bayangan

[mɛmbri bajaŋan]

to go (on foot)

berjalan

[bɛrʤalan]

to go for a swim

mandi

[mandi]

to go out (from …)

keluar

[kɛlʊar]

to guess right

meneka

[mɛnɛka]

to have (vt)

mempunyai

[mɛmpʊɲai]

to have breakfast

makan pagi

[makan pagi]

to have dinner

makan malam

[makan malam]

to have lunch

makan tengah hari

[makan tɛŋah hari]

to hear (vt)

mendengar

[mɛndeŋar]

to help (vt)

membantu

[mɛmbantʊ]

to hide (vt)

menyorokkan

[mɛɲʲorokkan]

to hope (vi, vt)

harap

[harap]

to hunt (vi, vt)

memburu

[mɛmbʊrʊ]

to hurry (vi)

tergesa-gesa

[tɛrgɛsa gɛsa]

12. The most important verbs. Part 3

to inform (vt)

memberitahu

[mɛmbritahʊ]

to insist (vi, vt)

mendesak

[mɛndɛsak]

to insult (vt)

menghina

[mɛŋhina]

to invite (vt)

menjemput

[mɛnʤɛmpʊt]

to joke (vi)

berjenaka

[bɛrʤɛnaka]

to keep (vt)

menyimpan

[mɛɲʲimpan]

to keep silent

diam

[diam]

to kill (vt)

membunuh

[mɛmbʊnʊh]

to know (sb)

kenal

[kɛnal]

to know (sth)

tahu

[tahʊ]

to laugh (vi)

ketawa

[kɛtava]

to liberate (city, etc.)

membebaskan

[mɛmbebaskan]

to look for … (search)

mencari

[mɛnʧari]

to love (sb)

mencintai

[mɛnʧintai]

to make a mistake

salah

[salah]

to manage, to run

memimpin

[mɛmimpin]

to mean (signify)

bererti

[bɛrɛrti]

to mention (talk about)

menyebut

[mɛɲjebʊt]

to miss (school, etc.)

meninggalkan

[mɛniŋgalkan]

to notice (see)

memerhatikan

[mɛmɛrhatikan]

to object (vi, vt)

membantah

[mɛmbantah]

to observe (see)

menyaksikan

[mɛɲjaksikan]

to open (vt)

membuka

[mɛmbʊka]

to order (meal, etc.)

menempah

[mɛnɛmpah]

to order (mil.)

memerintah

[mɛmɛrintah]

to own (possess)

memiliki

[mɛmiliki]

to participate (vi)

menyertai

[mɛɲjertai]

to pay (vi, vt)

membayar

[mɛmbajar]

to permit (vt)

mengizinkan

[mɛŋiziŋkan]

to plan (vt)

merancang

[mɛranʧaŋ]

to play (children)

bermain

[bɛrmaɪn]

to pray (vi, vt)

bersembahyang

[bɛrɛembaɦjaŋ]

to prefer (vt)

lebih suka

[lɛbih sʊka]

to promise (vt)

menjanji

[mɛnʤanʤi]

to pronounce (vt)

menyebut

[mɛɲjebʊt]

to propose (vt)

mencadangkan

[mɛnʧadaŋkan]

to punish (vt)

menghukum

[mɛŋhʊkʊm]

to read (vi, vt)

membaca

[mɛmbaʧa]

to recommend (vt)

menasihatkan

[mɛnasihatkan]

to refuse (vi, vt)

menolak

[mɛnolak]

to regret (be sorry)

terkilan

[tɛrkilan]

to rent (sth from sb)

menyewa

[mɛɲjeva]

to repeat (say again)

mengulang

[mɛŋʊlaŋ]

to reserve, to book

menempah

[mɛnɛmpah]

to run (vi)

lari

[lari]

13. The most important verbs. Part 4

to save (rescue)

menyelamatkan

[mɛɲjelamatkan]

to say (~ thank you)

berkata

[bɛrkata]

to scold (vt)

memarahi

[mɛmarahi]

to see (vt)

melihat

[mɛlihat]

to sell (vt)

menjual

[mɛnʤʊal]

to send (vt)

mengirim

[mɛŋirim]

to shoot (vi)

menembak

[mɛnembak]

to shout (vi)

berteriak

[bɛrtɛriak]

to show (vt)

menunjukkan

[mɛnʊnʤʊkkan]

to sign (document)

menandatangani

[mɛnandataŋani]

to sit down (vi)

duduk

[dʊdʊk]

to smile (vi)

senyum

[sɛɲjym]

to speak (vi, vt)

bercakap

[bɛrʧakap]

to steal (money, etc.)

mencuri

[mɛnʧʊri]

to stop (please ~ calling me)

memberhentikan

[mɛmbɛrhɛntikan]

to stop (for pause, etc.)

berhenti

[bɛrhɛnti]

to study (vt)

mempelajari

[mɛmpɛlaʤari]

to swim (vi)

berenang

[bɛrɛnaŋ]

to take (vt)

mengambil

[mɛŋambil]

to think (vi, vt)

berfikir

[bɛrfikir]

to threaten (vt)

mengugut

[mɛŋʊgʊt]

to touch (with hands)

menyentuh

[mɛɲjentʊh]

to translate (vt)

menterjemahkan

[mɛntɛrʤɛmahkan]

to trust (vt)

mempercayai

[mɛmpɛrʧajai]

to try (attempt)

mencuba

[mɛnʧʊba]

to turn (~ to the left)

membelok

[mɛmblok]

to underestimate (vt)

memperkecilkan

[mɛmpɛrkɛʧilkan]

to understand (vt)

memahami

[mɛmahami]

to unite (vt)

menyatukan

[mɛɲjatʊkan]

to wait (vt)

menunggu

[mɛnʊŋgʊ]

to want (wish, desire)

mahu, hendak

[mahʊ], [hɛndak]

to warn (vt)

memperingati

[mɛmpɛriŋati]

to work (vi)

bekerja

[bɛkɛrʤa]

to write (vt)

menulis

[mɛnʊlis]

to write down

mencatat

[mɛnʧatat]

14. Colours

colour

warna

[varna]

shade (tint)

sisip warna

[sisip varna]

hue

warna

[varna]

rainbow

pelangi

[pɛlaŋi]

white (adj)

putih

[pʊtih]

black (adj)

hitam

[hitam]

grey (adj)

abu-abu

[abʊ abʊ]

green (adj)

hijau

[hiʤaʊ]

yellow (adj)

kuning

[kʊniŋ]

red (adj)

merah

[merah]

blue (adj)

biru

[birʊ]

light blue (adj)

biru muda

[birʊ mʊda]

pink (adj)

merah jambu

[merah ʤambʊ]

orange (adj)

oren, jingga

[oren], [ʤiŋga]

violet (adj)

ungu

[ʊŋʊ]

brown (adj)

coklat

[ʧoklat]

golden (adj)

emas

[ɛmas]

silvery (adj)

keperak-perakan

[kɛperak perakan]

beige (adj)

kuning air

[kʊniŋ air]

cream (adj)

putih kuning

[pʊtih kʊniŋ]

turquoise (adj)

firus

[firʊs]

cherry red (adj)

merah ceri

[merah ʧeri]

lilac (adj)

ungu

[ʊŋʊ]

crimson (adj)

merah lembayung

[merah lɛmbayŋ]

light (adj)

terang

[tɛraŋ]

dark (adj)

gelap

[glap]

bright, vivid (adj)

berkilau

[bɛrkilaʊ]

coloured (pencils)

berwarna

[bɛrvarna]

colour (e.g. ~ film)

berwarna

[bɛrvarna]

black-and-white (adj)

hitam-putih

[hitam pʊtih]

plain (one-coloured)

polos

[polos]

multicoloured (adj)

beraneka warna

[bɛraneka varna]

15. Questions

Who?

Siapa?

[siapa]

What?

Apa?

[apa]

Where? (at, in)

Di mana?

[di mana]

Where (to)?

Ke mana?

[kɛ mana]

From where?

Dari mana?

[dari mana]

When?

Bila?

[bila]

Why? (What for?)

Untuk apa?

[ʊntʊk apa]

Why? (reason)

Mengapa?

[mɛŋapa]

What for?

Untuk apa?

[ʊntʊk apa]

How? (in what way)

Bagaimana?

[bagaɪmana]

What? (What kind of ...?)

Apa? Yang mana?

[apa], [jaŋ mana]

Which?

Yang mana?

[jaŋ mana]

To whom?

Kepada siapa?

[kɛpada siapa]

About whom?

Tentang siapa?

[tɛntaŋ siapa]

About what?

Tentang apa?

[tɛntaŋ apa]

With whom?

Dengan siapa?

[dɛŋan siapa]

How many? How much?

Berapa?

[brapa]

Whose?

Siapa punya?

[siapa pʊɲa]

16. Prepositions

with (accompanied by)

bersama dengan

[bɛrsama dɛŋan]

without

tanpa

[tanpa]

to (indicating direction)

ke

[kɛ]

about (talking ~ ...)

tentang

[tɛntaŋ]

before (in time)

sebelum

[sɛbɛlʊm]

in front of …

di depan

[di dɛpan]

under (beneath, below)

di bawah

[di bavah]

above (over)

di atas

[di atas]

on (atop)

di atas

[di atas]

from (off, out of)

dari

[dari]

of (made from)

daripada

[daripada]

in (e.g. ~ ten minutes)

selepas

[sɛlɛpas]

over (across the top of)

melalui

[mɛlalʊi]

17. Function words. Adverbs.