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Daniel Harvey Hill And His Contribution To The Battle Of Chickamauga

150 pages1 hour


This study investigates Major General Daniel Harvey Hill’s performance during the Chattanooga campaign, focusing specifically on the Battle of Chickamauga. Hill’s early life and performance in the Army of Northern Virginia are evaluated for character development. While Hill had proved himself a fearless division commander in the Army of Northern Virginia he nevertheless developed a reputation as an uncompromising, carping and sarcastic subordinate. When Hill arrived at Chattanooga in July 1863, relations between him and Braxton Bragg quickly began to sour. Hill’s failure to act promptly at McLemore’s Cove was a result of his distrust in Confederate cavalry and Bragg’s situational awareness. After the first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, Bragg decided to change his command structure by creating two Confederate Wing Commanders. James Longstreet would command the Left Wing and Leonidas Polk commanded the Right Wing. Bragg’s plan was for Hill’s Corps to initiate the Confederate attack at daylight on 20 September. Hill was not informed of the attack until well after daylight. The delay allowed Rosecrans’ Army to use precious daylight to fortify its positions. After the battle, Bragg relieved Hill of command. Though Hill’s performance at Chickamauga was lackluster it did not warrant his removal.

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