The Energies of Men by James William - Read Online
The Energies of Men
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Summary

This fascinating text concerns itself with the idea of a person’s being able to beat fatigue and make the most of the ‘second wind’ that succeeds such barriers - barriers that prevent them from being as effective as possible in their various endeavours. The author argues that a “second wind” is a reality in the mental as in the physical realm, and that it can be found and used when needed. This text discusses the stages of fatigue apropos an undertaking or endeavour, and goes on to detail how battling past these ‘fatigue-obstacles’ can cause a surprising effect: the fatigue gets worse up to a certain point, when gradually or suddenly it passes away, and we are fresher than before. This book is sure too appeal to collectors of antiquarian literature and those interested in the often surprising capabilities of human beings. William James was an American psychologist and philosopher born in 1842. This book is proudly republished here with a new introductory biography of the author.
Published: Read Books Ltd. on
ISBN: 9781473365421
List price: $2.99
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The Energies of Men - James William

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William James

William James was born on 11th January 1842 at the Astor House, in New York City, United States. His family were both wealthy and influential. His father was the Swedenborgian theologian Henry James Sr, his uncle was the prominent novelist Henry James, and his aunt was noted diarist Alice James.

James suffered a variety of physical ailments as a youth, including problems with his eyes, back, stomach, and skin. However, he still received an excellent transatlantic education, becoming fluent in both French and German. The two trips he made to Europe as a child, set a pattern in James’ life that led to thirteen subsequent trips to the continent.

He began an apprenticeship with the artist William Morris, but decided that his calling was the world of science, and in 1861 he enrolled at the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University. He then moved to Harvard Medical School in 1864 and received his M.D in 1869, although he never actually practised medicine. James spent almost his entire career at Harvard, teaching a variety of subjects, including physiology, anatomy, psychology, and philosophy. He has now become known as the Father of American Psychology, due to being the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States. In 1890, he published The Principles of Psychology, which is considered to be a ground-breaking text in the field. In this work he outlined what is now known as the James-Lange theory of emotion (an independently formulated theory named after James and Carl Lange). In a simple example, James states that we do not see a bear, fear it, and then run. We see a bear and run, consequently we fear the bear. Our mind’s perception of the higher adrenaline level, heartbeat, etc., is the emotion. This had huge ramifications to the traditional view in the philosophy of aesthetics.

In 1902, he produced The Varieties of Religious Experience. He was always extremely interested in the investigation of mystical experience and was not averse to testing substances such as nitrous oxide and peyote to induce an altered mental state. Amusingly, he claimed that it was only under the influence of nitrous oxide that he understood the work of Hegel.

Another very important work by James was Essays in Radical Empiricism (1912) in which he asserts that experience includes both particulars and relations between those particulars, and that therefore both