The Trachinian Maidens by Sophocles by Sophocles - Read Online

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The Trachinian Maidens' (also 'Women of Trachis' or 'The Trachiniae') is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles, in which Deianeira, the wife of Heracles, is distraught over her husband's neglect of her family. Unable to cope with the thought of losing him, she decides to use a love charm on him, a magic potion that will win him back.
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The Trachinian Maidens

by Sophocles

Translated by Lewis Campbell, M.A., LL.D.

EMERITUS PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS

HONORARY FELLOW OF BALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD

Start Publishing LLC

Copyright © 2015 by Start Publishing LLC

All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or portions thereof in any form whatsoever.

First Start Publishing eBook edition July 2015

Start Publishing is a registered trademark of Start Publishing LLC

Manufactured in the United States of America

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

ISBN 13: 978-1-68146-408-4

Table of Contents

The Persons

Scene

Play

THE PERSONS

Dêanira, wife of Heracles.

An Attendant.

Hyllus, son of Heracles and Dêanira.

Chorus of Trachinian Maidens.

A Messenger.

Lichas, the Herald.

Nurse.

An Old Man.

Heracles.

Iole, who does not speak.

Scene. Before the temporary abode of Heracles in Trachis.

This tragedy is named from the Chorus. From the subject it might have been called ‘Deanira or the Death of Heracles’.

The Centaur Nessus, in dying by the arrow of Heracles, which had been dipped in the venom of the Hydra, persuaded the bride Deanira, whose beauty was the cause of his death, to keep some of the blood from the wound as a love-charm for her husband. Many years afterwards, when Heracles was returning from his last exploit of sacking Oechalia, in Euboea, he sent before him, by his herald Lichas, Iole, the king’s daughter, whom he had espoused. Deanira, when she had discovered this, commissioned Lichas when he returned to present his master with a robe, which she had anointed with the charm,—hoping by this means to regain her lord’s affection. But the poison of the Hydra did its work, and Heracles died in agony, Deanira having already killed herself on ascertaining what she had done. The action takes place in Trachis, near the Mahae Gulf, where Heracles and Deanira, by permission of Ceyx, the king of the country, have been living in exile. At the close of the drama, Heracles, while yet alive, is carried towards his pyre on Mount Oeta.

The Trachinian Maidens

Dêanira. Men say,—‘twas old experience gave the word,

—‘No lot of mortal, ere he die, can once

Be known for good or evil.’ But I know,

Before I come to the dark dwelling-place,

Mine is a lot, adverse and hard and sore.

Who yet at Pleuron, in my father’s home,

Of all Aetolian women had most cause

To fear my bridal. For a river-god,

Swift Achelôüs, was my suitor there

And sought me from my father in three forms;

Now in his own bull-likeness, now a serpent

Of coiling sheen, and now with manlike build

But bovine front, while from the shadowy beard

Sprang fountain-waters in perpetual spray.

Looking for such a husband, I, poor girl!

Still prayed that Death might find me, ere I knew

That nuptial.—Later, to my glad relief,

Zeus’ and Alcmena’s glorious offspring came,

And closed with him in conflict, and released

My heart from torment. How the fight was won

I could not tell. If any were who saw

Unshaken of dread foreboding, such may speak.

But I sate quailing with an anguished fear,

Lest beauty might procure me nought but pain,

Till He that rules the issue of all strife,

Gave fortunate end—if