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Western Sahara, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

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Summary

Western Sahara, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Find out about this country and its Sovereignty, A Book on SADR Western Sahara is the last colony in Africa, located on the continent’s Atlantic coast to the south of Morocco and to the north of Mauritania. In the late 19th century, this vast territory was inhabited mainly by nomadic tribes, known as the ‘Saharawi people’, and subject to Spanish colonial rule. Following its designation as a ‘Non-Self-Governing Territory’ under the Charter of the United Nations and increasing international pressure to decolonize the territory, Spain unilaterally withdrew from its role as administering power in 1975, and signed a secret deal to hand the territory over to a joint Morocco-Mauritania administration.
A 1975 advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice found no ties of territorial sovereignty between Western Sahara and either Morocco or Mauritania, and confirmed the legal right of the Saharawi people to a process of self-determination. This prompted invasions by Morocco and Mauritania, and a 15-year war ensued against the Saharawi liberation movement, or Frente POLISARIO, which had declared an independent SADR state in February 1976. Mauritania eventually withdrew in 1979, but Morocco continued to......

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