Language and Globalization: The History of Us All by Mark David Ledbetter by Mark David Ledbetter - Read Online

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Language and Globalization - Mark David Ledbetter

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Copyright © Mark David Ledbetter, 2013

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED by the author. Except for quotations, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the author.

Table of Contents

Copyright Page



Language and Globalization: The History of Us All



The Four Agents

The Four Good Things

The Four Bad Things

The Meeting of Linguistics and Genetics

Vasudaiva Kutumbakan

GIS and Globalization



Other Books by the Author


MARK DAVID LEDBETTER is an erudite but anti-elitist writer, an academic who is anti-academic, one who questions the assumptions we’ve all been subtly brainwashed in or absorbed from the mainstream media and from the academic establishment. In language that swings from intelligent insights and breathtaking revelations to folksy humor, Language and Globalization: A History of Us All challenges our prejudices about globalization, immigration, being swamped or overrun by other cultures, and linguistic or racial purity. In every controversy in which humans argue or go to war against each other (war and genocide—often indistinguishable—being the ultimate and final solution to an intractable argument), we ought to pause and reflect for a moment our common origins. And then we realize: we are all brothers and sisters who have made this journey together, this human journey that began just 150,000 years back in Africa for all of us, black, white, brown, yellow, or pink. This is our shared adventure. We built this civilization together, and it therefore belongs to us all. Immigration police, border walls, border fences, and color bars will ultimately be overcome, bridged, or crossed, because that is written into the human destiny. It’s not any single person’s or group’s fault or making; it’s in our common human genetic makeup driving us inexorably towards the future.

As for language, it is fascinating to me that of the thousands of living and recognized languages presently in the world today, most originated in a common language not so far back, and that linguists and geneticists, following their separate rigorous disciplines, have both arrived at the same conclusions about our common origins.

Everyone who has a view on these matters, if you look closely, has a (mostly hidden) agenda; but Mark David Ledbetter has none, except peace, tolerance, freedom, humanity, and the survival and happiness of us all (and this is also true of his other compelling and important book, Dancing on the Edge of the Widening Gyre). This is what makes me respect him and wish him more readers than ever, especially for this book, which is truly a book for our times.

Richard Crasta

(Author of The Revised Kama Sutra: A Novel)

May 5, 2018


THIS SHORT BOOK ON the long history of us serves a double purpose.

First, the original was a fleshing out for home study of a lecture I was asked to give as my contribution to a course called Global Studies at Hosei University in Tokyo. This was taught by multiple teachers to all the freshmen in GIS, the Department of Global and Interdisciplinary Studies. I mention all that because, without knowing the context, a few bits will seem odd or out of place.

Second, I hope to assuage a slightly guilty conscience. The e-book publishing revolution has provided me with a platform for an envisioned five part history of the United States. Thus far, two volumes have been completed. Messages within readers’ book reviews and personal emails occasionally ask about Volume Three. I make promises, and then put them off. My latest promises have been for the summer of 2013, but the book itself is still only two thirds done. I cross my heart, here and now, that Volume Three will be out before the end of the year. In the meantime, I hope that I can keep interest alive, and buy myself some breathing room, with this stopgap effort.

Language and Globalization is a combination of my two interests, linguistics and history. Linguistics contains some intriguing hints about the entirety of the human journey, hints which have been confirmed in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century by genetics. How do history, linguistics, and genetics connect? Read on for the answer. And if it seems I jump around a lot, well, all the disjointed pieces give, I hope, a feel for the jointed whole; and each represents a part of the Grand Reconnection—which