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Nuclear Physics, History, and Strategy: Nuclear weapons, first created as a result of the Manhattan Project, come in many forms. The ones dropped on Japan, for example, were plutonium and uranium atomic bombs which used nuclear fission (breaking a larger nucleus into two smaller...

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Nuclear
weapons, first created as a result of the Manhattan Project, come in
many forms. The ones dropped on Japan, for example, were plutonium and
uranium atomic bombs which used nuclear fission (breaking a larger
nucleus into two smaller fragments). Hydrogen bombs, on the other hand,
use nuclear fusion (fragments combined into a larger nucleus).Over
time, nuclear delivery also improved. Early on, only gravity bombs were
used (ex. US bombers circulated around the USSR ready to drop gravity
bombs). However, by the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis, rockets and
ballistic missiles were developed to carry warheads.
Submarine-launchable and backpack nukes also exist.Because the
power of nuclear technology is so great, a policy of Mutually Assured
Destruction has been adopted. In other words, both sides don't launch
nuclear weapons out of fear that the other side will launch their own.Currently, there are seven countries known to possess nuclear weapons, and two who are thought to possess them.For more information, read:Physics 6th Edition by Cutnell and JohnsonThe Cold War by Mike Sewellhttp://www.nuclearfiles.orghttp://www.thebulletin.org/doomsday_clock/Military History Podcast is sponsored by Armchair General Magazine

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