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SwAmi Pushkar ini SwAmi Pushkar ini SwAmi Pushkar ini-- - Thir umala/ Thir upat hi Thir umala/ Thir upat hi Thir umala/ Thir upat hi
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S
1 I nt r oduct iom 1
2 Asht ot t har ams & Comment ar ies 11
3 NAmA 1 13
4 NAmA 2 18
5 NAmA 3 21
6 NAmA 4 25
7 NAmA 5 30
8 NAmA 6 32
9 NAmA 7 34
10 NAmA 8 36
11 NAmA 9 38
12 NAmA 10 40
13 NAmA 11 42
14 NAmA 12 44
15 NAmA 13 46
16 NAmA 14 48
17 NAmA 15 50
18 NAmA 16 53
19 NAmA 17 55
20 NAmA 18 57
21 NAmA 19 59
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S -- - C O N T D. C O N T D. C O N T D.
22 NAmA 20 63
23 NAmA 21 65
24 NAmA 22 68
25 NAmA 23 71
26 NAmA 24 73
27 NAmA 25 75
28 NAmA 26 77
29 NAmA 27 79
30 NAmA 28 81
31 NAmA 29 84
32 NAmA 30 87
33 NAmA 31 90
34 NAmA 32 92
35 NAmA 33 95
36 NAmA 34 97
37 NAmA 35 99
38 NAmA 36 101
39 NAmA 37 103
40 NAmA 38 106
41 NAmA 39 108
42 NAmA 40 110
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S -- - C O N T D. C O N T D. C O N T D.
43 NAmA 41 112
44 NAmA 42 116
45 NAmA 43 119
46 NAmA 44 122
47 NAmA 45 125
48 NAmA 46 128
49 NAmA 47 131
50 NAmA 48 133
51 NAmA 49 137
52 NAmA 50 141
53 NAmA 51 145
54 NAmA 52 147
55 NAmA 53 150
56 NAmA 54 152
57 NAmA 55 155
58 NAmA 56 157
59 NAmA 57 160
60 NAmA 58 162
61 NAmA 59 164
62 NAmA 60 167
63 NAmA 61 169
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S -- - C O N T D. C O N T D. C O N T D.
64 NAmA 62 171
65 NAmA 63 173
66 NAmA 64 175
67 NAmA 65 179
68 NAmA 66 181
69 NAmA 67 183
70 NAmA 68 185
71 NAmA 69 188
72 NAmA 70 190
73 NAmA 71 193
74 NAmA 72 195
75 NAmA 73 198
76 NAmA 74 200
77 NAmA 75 203
78 NAmA 76 206
79 NAmA 77 208
80 NAmA 78 210
81 NAmA 79 212
82 NAmA 80 214
83 NAmA 81 216
84 NAmA 82 219
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S -- - C O N T D. C O N T D. C O N T D.
85 NAmA 83 221
86 NAmA 84 223
87 NAmA 85 225
88 NAmA 86 227
89 NAmA 87 229
90 NAmA 88 231
91 NAmA 89 233
92 NAmA 90 235
93 NAmA 91 238
94 NAmA 92 239
95 NAmA 93 241
96 NAmA 94 243
97 NAmA 95 246
98 NAmA 96 249
99 NAmA 97 252
100 NAmA 98 255
101 NAmA 99 258
102 NAmA 100 260
103 NAmA 101 262
104 NAmA 102 264
105 NAmA 103 266
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C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S C O N T E N T S -- - C O N T D. C O N T D. C O N T D.
106 NAmA 104 268
107 NAmA 105 271
108 NAmA 106 273
109 NAmA 107 276
110 NAmA 108 279
111 Nigamanam 281
112 Asht ot t ar a NaamaavaLi 285-297









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Sr I LakshmI Var Ahar Sr I LakshmI Var Ahar Sr I LakshmI Var Ahar
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1

~l -
~lP6¹lPl+=l4 +P-
~lP6 |+¬Pl-6Prl7| HTl4 +P-


SS SRR RI V I V I VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESHWARA SHWARA SHWARA AA ASHT SHT SHTOO OTTHARAM TTHARAM TTHARAM
(F (F (FROM ROM ROM VV VAR AR ARAA AHA HA HA PP PUR UR URAN AN ANAM AM AM)) )
INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION
adiyEn began t he kaimkar yam of wr it ing about t he Venkat Esa asht ot t har ams
on t he Pur at t Asi Sr avaNam day of t he SvabhAnu year , which is also t he
avat hAr a dinam of Lor d Venkat Esan, Swamy Desikan and t he Fir st Br ahma
Tant r a Yat hI ndhr a MahA Desikan, t he f ounder of t he Par akAla Mut t .
As I r elease t his now as an e-book, I would like t o seek t he anugr aham of my
r ever ed AchAr yan, Sr I VaNN SaThakOpa Naar AyaNa Yat hI ndhr a Maha
Desikan and Sr i Venkat anAt han of Thir umalai f or init iat ing t his Kaimkar yam
adiyEn will st ar t wit h t he Asht Ot t har am of Lor d Venkat Esa.
SS SRR RI V I V I VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA SS SAHASRA AHASRA AHASRA NN NAAM AAM AAMAA AVA VA VALL LII I AT AT AT THE THE THE FF FIRST IRST IRST BB BELL ELL ELL
Ever y day at Thir umala, our Lor d is woken up wit h Sr I Venkat Esa
Supr abhAt ham. Suddhi, ThOmAla SevA and Koluvu Dhar baar f ollow
t her eaf t er .
Now is t he t ime f or t he Fir st Bell and t he Fir st NaivEdhyam. Lor d' s
Sat t humuRai f ollows. At t his t ime of t he f ir st bell, Sr i Venkat Esa
Sahasr anAmams ar e r ecit ed by ar chakAs. I t t akes appr oximat ely 45 minut es
t o r ecit e t he Sahasr a-nAmams housed in Br ahmANDa Pur ANam as
conver sat ion bet ween Sage Vasisht a and t he gr eat Venkat Esa Bhakt ha, Sr i
NAr adha. This Sahasr a Naamam r ecit at ion concludes wit h t he f ollowing
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2
ancient benedict ion f or t he Lor d:
|~4- Tl-6l4 T-4lT|+¤4 |+¤45|¤+lP·
~l4T³|+4lBl4 ~l|+4lBl4 Pñ=P+
Sr iya: kAnt Aya kalyANa nidhayE nidhayEr t hinAm |
Sr I vEnkaTanivAsAya Sr I nivAsAya mangaLam | |

~l 4T³l¬¬l¤lH |~4l5\4l|B6 4¬BP·
|~6¬6+P-7l¹ ~l|+4lBPr ¬=+
Sr I vEnkaTaacalAdhI sam Sr iyAdhyAsit ha vakshasam |
Sr it a- cEt ana- mandAr am Sr I nivAsam aham Bhaj E | |
The Fir st NaivEdhyam f or t he Lor d is of f er ed now.
SS SRR RI V I V I VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA AA ASHT SHT SHTOO OTTHARA TTHARA TTHARA NN NAAM AAM AAMAA AVA VA VALL LII I AT AT AT THE THE THE SS SECOND ECOND ECOND BB BELL ELL ELL
Now an EkAnt ha Pooj a (apar anha pooj A) t akes place. Only Ar chakAs ar e inside
t he sanct um and t hey r ecit e t he 108 NaamAs of t he Lor d housed in Var Aha
Pur Anam. Cher upulu and PaNiyAr ams ar e of f er ed t o t he Lor d as naivEdhyam
dur ing t his per iod known as t he second bell. Af t er war ds sar va dar sanam and
aar j it ha sEvAs f or t he day cont inue unt il t he end of t hat day' s Aar Adhanam
f or t he Lor d.
The Asht Ot t har am used inside t he gar bha gr aham is f r om Var Aha Pur ANam
wit h copious r ef er ences t o st hala pur ANam and t he incident s associat ed wit h
t he seven hills. The Br ahmANDa pur ANam ver sion is quit e dif f er ent in
NaamAvaLis t han t he one enshr ined in t he Var Aha Pur ANam.
At t he out set , I would like t o ext end my sincer e t hanks t o Sr I man Sadagopan
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3

I yengar of Coimbat or e and Sr I man M.G.VasudEvan of Chennai f or r eviewing
t his essay and of f er ing t heir f eedbacks.
The t wo r ecit at ions of t he Lor d' s 1008 and 108 NaamAs t ake place at t he
ear ly hour s of t he Mor ning as descr ibed by ANDAL in Her Thir uppAvai as
"SiRRam SiRu KaalE Vant hunnai Sevit t hu". These ar e ver y sacr ed r ecit at ions
at Thir uppat hi-Thir umalai bef or e t he Lor d by His ar chakAs.
Let us commence wit h t he 108 NaamAs of Lor d Venkat Esa f ir st and f ollow it
up wit h t he meanings and comment ar ies r ef lect ions on t he 108 Naamaas next .
Ver y many sour ces will be cit ed and hence it may not be easy t o acknowledge
ever y one of t he r ef er ences complet ely.
May t he DayA Devi, t he divine Consor t of Lor d bless adiyEn wit h t he insight t o
under t ake t his kaimkar yam on behalf of Her Divine consor t !
CONNECTIONS BETWEEN SRI VISHNU SAHASRANAAMAMS ( SVSN) AND SRI CONNECTIONS BETWEEN SRI VISHNU SAHASRANAAMAMS ( SVSN) AND SRI CONNECTIONS BETWEEN SRI VISHNU SAHASRANAAMAMS ( SVSN) AND SRI
VENKATESHWARA ASHTOTTHARAMS VENKATESHWARA ASHTOTTHARAMS VENKATESHWARA ASHTOTTHARAMS
One not ices t hat number of t he nAmAs f r om t he VEnkat Eshwar a
Asht Ot t har ams f r om bot h t he Br ahmANDa pur ANam and Var Aha Pur ANam
ar e echoes of Sr I VishNu Sahasr a Naamam (SVSN):
For example, t he f ir st t en asht ot t har ams f r om t he Br ahmANDa Pur ANam ar e:
1. (Pr aNavam) Sr I Venkat EsAya nama:
2. Pr aNavam) Sr I vAsAya nama: (* )
3. (Pr aNavam) LakshmI Pat hayE nama:
4. (Pr anavam) anAmayAya nama: (* )
5. (Pr aNavam) amr ut hAmsAya nama: (* )
6. (Pr anavam) J agadh-vandhyAya nama:
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4
7. (Pr aNavam) GovindhAya nama:
8. (Pr aNavam) Saasvat hAya nama: (* )
9. (Pr aNavam) Pr abhavE nama: (* ),
10. (Pr anavam) SEshAdhr i-nilayAya nama:
b Sr I vAsAya nama: is t he same nAmam as t he 609t h VSN.
b anAmayAya nama: is t he same name as t he 694t h VSN.
b amr ut hAmsAya nama: is t he same VSN as f ound in t he 819t h naamA of
VSN.
b sAsvat hAya nama: is t he same as VSN 57
b Pr abhavE nama: is t he same mangaLAsAsanam of VSN (34t h naamam).
Please add Pr aNavam bef or e each of t hese 108 NaamAs.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBERS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBERS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBERS-- -108 108 108 AND AND AND 1008 1008 1008 IN IN IN NAMA NAMA NAMA KUSUMANJALIS KUSUMANJALIS KUSUMANJALIS
Ever y mor ning at Thir umala, Lor d Venkat Esan is wor shipped wit h 108 nAmAs
f r om t he Var Aha Pur ANam and t he hills r esound wit h Govindha Naamam.
Asht Ot t hat ams (108) or Sahasr ams (1,008) ar e used t o of f er TuLasi or Flower
or Svar Na Pushpa ar chanais.
One wonder s why 108 Naamaas inst ead of some ot her number like 10 or 28 or
100 ar e used in His daily ar chanaa.
Her e is some backgr ound inf or mat ion.
As I cont emplat ed on t his t opic, I came acr oss t he inf or mat ive booklet
published by Pr of essor M.G. Pr asad ent it led: "108 t hought s t o Ponder ".
Thr ee of t hose ponder ings dealt wit h t he number 108 it self . Wit h Pr of essor
Pr asad' s per mission, adiyEn would like t o shar e t hem wit h you all.
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5

I nsight s f r om MahA Bhaar at ham
“The seeker pr ays f or peace of mind t hr oughout t he year of 12 mont hs f r om
t he dist ur bances cr eat ed by t he t hr ee qualit ies (Sat t hva, Raj as and Tamas and
t he t hr ee (Samsaar ic) af f lict ions (physical, accident al and nat ur al
cat ast r ophes, spir it ual causes/ Aadhidhaivikam)”. 3X3X12 adds up t o 108
account ing f or year r ound kavacham/ pr ot ect ion/ r akshaNam f r om all t hese
obst acles.
I nsight s f r om KaThopanishad
The second quot at ion is f r om KaThOpanishad (6t h Valli): "100+1+7 = 108;
ever y human being has hundr ed and one (101) mult i-color ed naadis in t he hear t .
The one singular cent r al naadi (Sushumna) is f or medit at ion, r ealizat ion of t he
Supr eme Tr ut h. I t is also r equir ed f or t he passage of individual' s f inal
emancipat ion ascending t hr ough t he seven st eps (VyAhr ut his) of Yogic
r ealizat ion. The passage t hr ough ot her hundr ed nadis will lead t he individual
int o ot her wor lds and ot her j anmAs".
This t at t hvam is cent r al t o t he individual self leaving t he body wit h t he Lor d' s
help t o leave via Moor dhanya Naadi t o ent er Ar chir Adhi mAr gam (t he pat h of
light ) t o t r avel t o Sr I Vaikunt am f or per f or ming nit hya Kaimkar yam and enj oy
t her e Par ipoor Na Br ahmAnandham. The self exit ing t he body t hr ough any of
t he naadis ot her t han Moor dhanya naadi ent er int o ot her j anmAs and st ay as
SamsAr is. The act ual Upanishad Mant hr am elabor at ed in many esot er ic t ext s
of Sr I VaishNava SiddhAnt ham is:
Sat ham chaikaa cha hr udhayasya naaDya: t haasAm
moor dhAnamabhinisr ut haikaa t ayOr dhvamaayannamr ut hat at hvamEt hi
vishvangganyA ut hkr amaNE bhavant hi
- KaThavalli: 6. 16
The Comment ar y of Poor vAchAr yas is: "t ayaa naadyaa ur dhvam Br ahma
lOkam (Sr I vaikunt am) gacchan dEsa- visEsha- visisht a Br ahma- pr Apt hi-
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6
poor vaka svasvar oopaavir bhAva lakshaNAm Mukt him pr ApnOt hi".
Suppor t f r om Sr imat h Rahasya Thr aya Saar am
Nir yANAdhikAr am of Sr imat h Rahasya Thr aya Saar am (20t h chapt er )
elabor at es on t he exit of t he J eevan by t he Moor dhanya Nadi. Swamy Desikan
st at es at t he conclusion of t his chapt er :
dhamanimiha nast asmin kaalE sa yEva sat hAdhikAm akr ut haka- pur a-
pr asTAnAr Tam pr avEsayat hi Pr abhu:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
The Lor d, who r esides in t he subt le et her of t he hear t lot us t akes t he ef f or t
t o pr epar e t he Pr apanna J eevan commence it s j our ney via Ar chir Adhi maar gam
by ent er ing it int o t he upwar d f acing Moor dhanya Naadi. The subsequent
Gat hi visEshAdhikAr am and Par ipoor Na Br ahmAnubhava adhikAr ams of
Sr I mat h Rahasya Thr aya Saar am discuss t he t r avel of t he J eevan by t he pat h
of light and ar r ival at Sr i Vaikunt am t o enj oy Par ipoor Na Br ahmAnanadham in
t he company of nit hya soor is and ot her Mukt ha J eevans.
The signif icance of t he number 108 evoked by t he asht Ot har a Sat ha
NaamAr chanam can t hus be under st ood against t his backgr ound.
NamO Venkat EsAya Govindha! GovindhA!
TT THE HE HE II IMPORTANCE MPORTANCE MPORTANCE OF OF OF PP PRA RA RANN NAVAM AVAM AVAM BEFORE BEFORE BEFORE THE THE THE NN NAAM AAM AAMAA A
Pr ior t o r ecit ing t he naamA of t he Lor d, we always include Pr aNavam in f r ont
and Nama: sabdham at t he end. For inst ance, we r ecit e as Fir st nAmam:
(Pr aNavam) Sr I Venkat EsAya Nama:
Let us r ef lect on t he impor t ance of adding Pr aNava OmkAr am bef or e t he
Lor d' s NaamA f ir st . Let us f ollow t he r evelat ions pr ovided by VishNu
Pur ANam, which is r ever ed as "Pur ANa Rat hnam” by our AchAr yAs. Pr aNavam
is Sabdha Br ahma Svar oopam. The UpAsanam of Pr aNavam is vit al f or r ealizing
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7

Par a Tat t hvam accor ding t o Par Asar a Mahar ishi, t he aut hor of VishNu
Pur ANam. He says:
Dhr uvamEkam Br ahma Omit hyEva vyavasTit ham
Bhr uhat hvAt h Br uhmaNat hvAccha t at h Br hamEt hyabhidheeyat hE
SS SRR RII IMATH MATH MATH PP PRAKRUTHAM RAKRUTHAM RAKRUTHAM AA AZHAGIYASINGAR ZHAGIYASINGAR ZHAGIYASINGAR'' ' SS S COMMENTS COMMENTS COMMENTS ON ON ON THIS THIS THIS PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE:: :
“This Pr aNavam is f or ever et er nal. I t does not ever get dest r oyed. I t has t he
svar oopam of YekAkshar am. Even if t he Vedam is divided, t his Pr aNavam alone
st ays undivided. When it is r ecit ed, it expands in it s Kaar aNa st at e int o t he
t hr ee VyAhr ut his; in t he Kaar yA st at e, it expands int o bot h VyAhr ut his and
VedAs and t hus becomes Br ahman. I t becomes Br ahman because t he t hr ee
VyAhr ut his (BhU:, Bhuva: and Suva:) and t he Four VedAs (Rg, Yaj us, Saama
and At har ava) ar e r oot ed in t his Pr aNavam. This Pr aNava Br ahman alone is
wor shipf ul as t he cent r al element f or t he or igin of t he Univer se (J agat h
Kaar aNam). This Pr aNavam has t her ef or e t o be wor shipped as t he cause f or
t he or igin (ut hpat t hi) and layam f or t he Univer se; it has t o be wor shipped as
t he subt le pr inciple t hat is super ior t o t he doct r ine of Mahat h. This is t he way
t o pef or m UpAsana on Pr aNavam. Par Asar a Mahar ishi salut es t his Pr aNavam
f ur t her as:
1. anaadhi or t imeless in or igin,
2. et er nally pr esent ever ywher e (vyApt hi),
3. un dest r oyable,
4. base f or t he TamO guNam, which bewit ches t he Wor ld and deludes it s
beings,
5. Pr aNavam shines t hr ough Sat t hva GuNa act ivit ies,
6. I t conf er s Pur ushAr Tams t hr ough t he Raj O guNa act ivit ies known as
Pr avr ut t hi,
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8
7. I t ser ves as t he sought af t er t ar get f or t hose have Saankya J n~Anam /
wor shipper s of Moola Pr akr ut hi,
8. I t conf er s t r anquilit y and cont r ol of I ndhr iyAs f or t hose who desir e t hem,
9. I t st ays as t he abode of all auspiciousness and r eveals t he Svar oopam of
Par amAt hmA and t her ef or e is r ef er r ed t o as avyakt ham and akshar am by
Upanishads.
I n view of t hese mult if acet ed glor ies of Pr aNavam, it is ver ily wor shipped as
t he Supr eme Br ahman (Bhagavat h Roopam) it self ".
This Pr aNavam is consider ed as VaasudEva Svar oopam. I t s avyavams ar e
AkAr am, UkAr am and MakAr am. I n spit e of it s t hr ee component s (avayavam),
Pr aNavam in it s avayavi svar oopam is undivided. This is t he Pr abhu VaasudEvan.
He is t he One, who is pr esent wit hout dif f er ent iat ion in all sent ient s and
insent ient s of t he univer se. He is t he One pr esent as t he Rg, Yaj us, Saama
Veda Svar oopi as well as t heir essence. He is t he indweller of all beings.
Pr aNavam is t he Svar oopam of BhagavAn VaasudEvan, who is limit less
(Anant han, J n~Ana Svar oopan), who is salut ed by t he f ollowing slOkam:
Sa Bhidhyat hE Vedamaya: Sa Vedam kar Ot hi Vedair - bahubhi: SasAkhAm
SaakhApr aNat hO Sa Samast ha SaakhA: J n~Anar oopO Bhagavan Anant ha:
Par asar a Mahar ishi t hus celebr at es Pr aNavam by r ecognizing it as Bhagavat h
Svar oopam By pr ef ixing Bhagavan NaamAs in Asht Ot t har ams and Sahasr ams,
we enhance t he sanct it y of our ut t er ances. Pr aNavam is Veda Mayam.
TT THE HE HE II IMPORTANCE MPORTANCE MPORTANCE OF OF OF NN NAMA AMA AMA: S : S : SABDHAM ABDHAM ABDHAM
I n t he Asht Ot har a and Sahasr a Naama Ar chanais, we end wit h t he Nama:
sabdham. For inst ance, we r ecit e :
(Pr anavam) VishNavE nama:
The Nama: sabdham is par t of asht Akshar a mant hr am j ust as Pr aNavam. The
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9

Nama: sabdham has many meanings as elabor at ed by AchAr yAs in t he cont ext
of t he Seshit hvam of t he Lor d and t he J eevan' s Seshat hvam. Accor ding t o
Samhit hAs, t her e ar e t hr ee levels of meaning or Nama: (St hUlam, Sookshmam
and Par am) of meaning. The St hUla Meaning is based on VyAkar aNa sAst hr am
and r eveals t hat J eevan is pr ost r at ing bef or e t he Lor d wit h r ever ence and
per f or ming Pr apat t hi wit h all t he r equir ed angAs. The Sookshma meaning is
der ived f r om nir ukt ham concludes t hat j eevan is not independent and is not a
Mast er of it s own dest iny. The meaning at t he Par am level is based on r ahasya
Saast hr As and it est ablishes t hat f r uit of Pr apat t hi (SaadhyOpAyam) is t he
Lor d Himself (SiddhOpAyan).
Thus by pr ef ixing Bhagavan NaamA wit h Pr aNavam and concluding wit h t he
Nama: sabdham, we link our selves t o t he cor e and pr of ound doct r ines of Sr I
VaishNavam.
BB BHAGAVAD HAGAVAD HAGAVAD GG GUU UNN NAA A DD DARPA ARPA ARPANN NAM AM AM:: :
Swamy Par Asar a Bhat t ar has given elabor at e comment ar ies f or t he 1000
VishNu Sahasr a Naamams (VSN) in His Comment ar y r ever ed as Sr I Bhagavad
GuNa Dar paNam. We will f ocus on Swamy Par Asar a Bhat t ar ' s comment ar y,
whenever we come acr oss t he same names of VSN in Sr i Venkat esa
Asht Ot t har am and Sahasr a Naamams.
Let us st ar t our Asht Ot t har a Sat ha NaamAr chanai in unison wit h t he blessed
Ar chakAs of t he Lor d of Seven Hills!

| | NamO Venkat EsAya| |


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AnAnda Nilaya VimAnam AnAnda Nilaya VimAnam AnAnda Nilaya VimAnam-- - Thir umalA/ Thir upat hi Thir umalA/ Thir upat hi Thir umalA/ Thir upat hi



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Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar )-- - VaikuNTha Thir ukkOlam VaikuNTha Thir ukkOlam VaikuNTha Thir ukkOlam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
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(9T4P ) 4T³Hl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vEnkaTEsAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO DESTROYS DESTROYS DESTROYS ONE ONE ONE'' 'SS S SINS SINS SINS JUST JUST JUST LIKE LIKE LIKE FIRE FIRE FIRE DESTROYS DESTROYS DESTROYS
(( (BURNS BURNS BURNS) ) ) COTTON COTTON COTTON THROWN THROWN THROWN IN IN IN TO TO TO IT IT IT!! !

Sr I Sr I nivAsar (Moolavar ) Sr I Sr I nivAsar (Moolavar ) Sr I Sr I nivAsar (Moolavar )- - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Mant hr am f or Lor d Venkat esa is "(Pr anavam) Namo Venkat esaaya”
pr eceded by t he Pr anavam. This is an eight let t er ed mant hr am like t he Moola
Mant hr am "(Pr anavam) Namo Naar aayanaaya". I t is a ver y power f ul mant hr am
t o wor ship t he Lor d of Thir uvenkadam. All t he int er pr et at ions t o Pr anavam,
Nama: sabdham and Naar aayanaaya sabdham wit h it s f our t h case f or t he
NAMA 1 NAMA 1 NAMA 1
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14
Moola Mant hr am (Thir umant hir am) is equally applicable t o t his Venkat esa
Asht aakshar i mant hr am (Vide: Sr I mat h Rahasya Thr aya Saar am of
Swamy Desikan).
Ther e ar e t wo int r epr et at ions f or t he naama, "Venkat am":
Fir st , "vEm (paapam) kadat hi (dahat hi) it hi Venkat a: " Since t he Lor d bur ns
complet ely all t he sins of His devot ees, He is called Venkat esan (t he Lor d of
Venkat am).
“ Agnist hUlamiva- agha yO dadhat yat ha dadhAt hi cha”
The BhavishyOt t ar a Pur ANA f ur nishes t he example of a Br ahmin called
Maadhava, who had slipped f r om being a pious and devout par agon of vir t ues,
t o a condemnable exist ence wit h all sor t s of unbecoming conduct .
The moment t his Madhava accident ally set f oot on t he Venkat achala Hills, all
t he sins r esiding in his per son bur nt t hemselves out and exit ed f r om his body
wit h a gr eat noise and f lame, pr oving t o t he ast ounded onlooker s t he ef f icacy
of t he Hills and of it s pr esiding deit y in dest r oying accumulat ed misdeeds, j ust
as t he f ir e annihilat es r ubbish.
The second def init ion is:
"vEmkaar O amr ut ha bheej am t hu kadam isvar yam uchyat hE,
amr ut ha- iswar ya sangat hvAt h VenkadAdhr i it hi".
VEmkaar a sabdham denot es nect ar and kadam st ands f or immeasur able wealt h
(mahat h I swar yam). The union of amr ut ham (lif e r ej uvenat ing nect ar ) wit h
mahat h I swar yam leads t o t he Venkat Esa Naamam.
Venkat esa MahAt hmya slokams eulogize t he Lor d of Venkat aachalam in many
moving ways:
“ Sar vaadhaar a: Sar va saakshee Sar vot t hamasccha
Sar vaj ~na: Sar va Swami”
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He is indeed t he basis of all, wit ness t o all event s, t he lof t iest of all,
omniscient and Mast er of all.
One of t he slokams visualizes Him as having t he lust r e of a pr ecious blue st one
and housing in His hear t land Sr i and Bhumi Devis. Anot her slokam visualizes
t he pr esence of Br ahma, Sivan and Devaas in dif f er ent limbs of His body:
Sr inivaasa Ramaa Naat ha Thvannaabhyabhj e chat hur mukham
Gir eesam ant ha: kar aNE angeshvindhr aadhi devat haa:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Oh Lakshmi Kaant haa! Sr inivaasa! The god Br ahma, Your son, r esides in a lot us
bor n out of your navel. The deit y Rudr a, Your gr andson, r esides in your soul
(ot her s view Rudhr an occupying t he r ight side of t he Lor d). I ndhr a and ot her
devaas ar e f ound in ot her par t s of your auspicious body (Subha t anu). You ar e
t hus t he suppor t f or all.
Yet anot her slokam pr aises His svar oopam as t he embodiment of Dayaa.
“Beyond t he seven oceans, t her e is an eight h ocean called your gr ace, t he
ocean of endless bliss and happiness. I n t hat ocean of gr ace, you ar e immer sing
t he devot ees by f ulf illing all t heir desir es (i-e). Not only ar e you gr ant ing all
t he mat er ial t hings t hat t hey seek but also gr ant Moksha sukham as well t o
t hem." Her e t he union of t he amr ut ha bheej am and I swar yam emer ge
as Venkat esan.
Lor d Venkat esaa' s beaut if ul lot us f eet (at hisundar a Paadha Padhma yugaLam)
have t heir own myst er ies. The r ight f oot is called "Su" symbolizing J n~Ana
Svar oopam and t he lef t is called "var " t o r epr esent blissf ul Aanandha
svar oopam. The pair of sacr ed f eet is t hus t he union of amr ut ha bheej am
(vEmkaar am) and I svar yam. One has t o medit at e on bot h t he Paadha Yugalam.
Those sacr ed f eet ar e t he sour ce of Vir aj aa t heer t t ham, Maana sar ovar am
wat er s and Dhanushkot i. Above gr eat and sacr ed wat er s ar e r esident at Lor d
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16
Venkat esan' s sacr ed f eet ; f r om t hose lot us f eet , t hese sacr ed wat er s f low
down t o ear t h t o yield pr osper it y (I swar yam and nect ar ine bliss) t o all t he
chet hanams on t he ear t h. (Venkat esa Mahaat hmyam: 2.38)
Vir aj aa Maanasasar O DhanushkOt i mahaaghahr ut h
Gangaadhi sar va t heer t t haani Thvat h paadhaabhj e vasant hi hi
The power of t he sacr ed f eet of Lor d Venkat esa and t he good f or t une of
t hose, who t hink and wr it e about t heir glor ies, is salut ed by anot her slokam:
Paadha Pankaj a Mahaat hmyam likhit hvaiva sva- hast hat ha:
dhaat hr unaam Vaishnavaagr ebhyo mahaaghoughaadhr i bhedhanam
- - Venkat esa Mahaat hmyam: 2. 48
MM MEANING EANING EANING
The gr eat souls, who have t he sacr ed knowledge of Sr i Vishnu t at t hvam and
who pr opagat e t he gr ace and beaut y of your blessed f eet t hr ough wr it ing
about t hem and by ot her means ar e always liber at ed f r om all t ypes of
bondages t hr ough Your abundant gr ace.
Of all t he gunams of Lor d Venkat esan, His Dayaa Gunam is t he most celebr at ed
one. Swamy Desikan has composed hundr ed slokams t o single out t he
uniqueness of Lor d' s Dayaa gunam. This gr eat Achaar yan visualizes t his Dayaa
Gunam as a separ at e Devi (Divine Consor t ), Dayaa Devi. Her e ar e t wo excer pt s
f r om t his Achaar yan' s ext r aor dinar y st hot hr am (Dayaa Sat hakam):
TP-4+4¤l— 4-7 T6Tl46Tl¬4P·
49H¬6³F¤l+l F44 -4|±P9l¬6P+
KamapyanavadhI m vande kar uNaa Var uNaalayam |
Vr ushasaila t aTast haanam svayam vyakt im upaagat am | |
- - Dayaa Sat hakam: Slokam 9
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MM MEANING EANING EANING
On it s own, t her e is an ocean t hat has ar isen f or t he et er nal enj oyment of
t hose, who live near t he Thir uvenkat am hills. The wat er s of t his ocean ar e
Dayaa. This is t he unique and most mer cif ul ocean r ever ed as
Thir uvenkat amudayaan. The dimensions of t his most compassionat e ocean can
not be calibr at ed by place, t ime or mat er ials (Desam, Kaalam and Vast hu).
H|TV+|+|¤ B|6P94¬|×4¬4l-·
HV+lãlH¹74lP|¬7l|P |+¹V+lP+
akincana nidhim soot im apavar ga t r ivar gayo: |
Anj anaadr eesvar a dayaam abhishThoumi nir anj anaam | | -
- - Dayaa Sat hakam: Slokam 10
MM MEANING EANING EANING
The dayaa of Anj ana Gir i' s Lor d (Venkat esan) is a magnif icent t r easur e. One
does not need magical colyr ium t o locat e and enj oy t his t r easur e. Those who
wish t o benef it f r om t his t r easur e do not need t o under t ake t he dif f icult
saadhanaas like Bhakt hi yogam. They can use t he means of Pr apat t hi and gain
any one of t he f our kinds of Pur ushaar t hams t hat t hey desir e. This dayaa of
t he Lor d is blemishless. I t spr eads t o ever y one wit hout making any dist inct ion
about t heir st at us (high or low), gender or cast e.
This f ir st Naama of t he Asht ot har am of t he Lor d of Venkat aadhr i
(Venkat esaaya Nama: ) f r om t he Var aaha Pur aaNam is t he same as t he f ir st
naama in Br ahmaanda Pur aana ver sion of Sr i Venkat esa Asht ot t har am.
Ext ensive comment ar y on t he Br ahmaanda Pur anam naama of Venkat esaaya
Nama: is housed in t he sundar asimham websit e as ebook # 95.

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(9T4P ) H9l|ã |+¬4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) SeshAdr i nilayAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO HAS HAS HAS SS SESH ESH ESHAA ADHRI DHRI DHRI HILL HILL HILL AS AS AS HH HIS IS IS ABODE ABODE ABODE.. .

Sr I Sr I nivAsa Per umAL Sr I Sr I nivAsa Per umAL Sr I Sr I nivAsa Per umAL-- - Br ahmOt savam Br ahmOt savam Br ahmOt savam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I n t he DhvApar a Yugam, t her e was a f ight bet ween Vaayu and Aadhi Sesha
about who was st r onger t han t he ot her . Sr I Vaikunt a Naat han suggest ed a
NAMA 2 NAMA 2 NAMA 2
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cont est bet ween t hem t o det er mine who was t he st r onger among bot h. Lor d
suggest ed t hat AadhisEshan encir cle and hold Anandha hills, an of f shoot of
Mer u Mount ain and r esist t he ef f or t s of Vaayu t o blow it away f r om his gr ip.
The cont est last ed a long t ime and t he ear t h began t o t r emble f r om t he
st r enuous ef f or t s of t he cont est ant s. DevAs wer e wor r ied. They appr oached
Aadhi Seshan t o concede def eat f or t he welf ar e of t he wor ld. Adhi Seshan
agr eed and Vaayu blew him away along wit h t he Anandha hill t o t he banks of
Svar Na mukhar i r iver at Venkat Adhr i hills.
Adhi Seshan was despondent over his def eat . The DevAs consoled him and t old
him t hat he will be mer ged wit h t he sacr ed Venkat Adhr i hills and t he Lor d will
choose him as His place of r esidence lat er . Adhi Seshan met amor phized in t o
t he immense SeshAdhr i Mount ain wit h his t housand hoods manif est ing
as SeshAdhr i hills. This embodiment of Adhi Seshan became t he abode on it s
head (Sir as) f or Lor d Venkat esa; t he middle por t ion became t he place of
r esidence f or Lor d Nar asimha of AhObilam and at it s t ail (Sr I Sailam)
MaalikAr j una Rudr an r esided.
SeshAdr i hills, t he abode of Lor d Venkat Esa is known as t he one wit h many
peaks (heads) and f or ms (Bhahu seer shaa, Bhahu r oopiNa: ). At His abode in
t he lof t y SeshAdhr i hills, Lor d Venkat Esan looks over t he whole wor ld and
invit es wit h af f ect ion t he Chet hnams t o His sannidhi and blesses t hem wit h
desir ed boons (aahUya samayE sar vam anugr uhNAt hi saadhar am).
Ut t hamUr Swamy' s t wo slOkams on t he SeshAdhr i sikhar am as DevAlayam ar e
inf or mat ive:
Apr Akr ut hasya yasyAmsa: Par E DevAlayA: samE
J angamam sTAvar am yat hr a pr AyasO mukt ha vigr aha:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
All t he sacr ed t emples of t he Lor d on t his ear t h ar e amsams of t his supr a-
mundane SeshAdhr i, which has links t o Suddha Sat t hva Maya Sr I Vaikunt am.
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All t he animat e and inanimat e beings f ound her e ar e t he manif est at ions of
liber at ed j eevans.
Vaikunt a Pr at himO dhivya- vimAna- sikhar Oj j vala:
yast heer Ta- sEvit hO bhAt hi bhausAlO yaTAalaya:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Thir umala (SeshAdhr i hills mer ged wit h Venkat Adhr i hills) is a divine t emple
by it self . I t is equivalent in auspiciousness t o Sr i Vaikunt am. I t has many
peaks. I t is abundant in holy t heer t t hams. I t has many sacr ed t r ees. I t has t he
mangaLa vigr aham of t he Lor d Himself st anding on it . I t is wor shipped by
MahAns. I t has yaaga and bhAga saalais.
The Br ahmaanda Pur ana has anot her t ale t o t ell in t his r egar d. Once, t he Lor d
r esiding in t he Milky Ocean sought Sage Nar ada' s advice as t o an ideal place on
ear t h t o make His abode. The Sage t old t he Lor d about t he Suvar namukhar ee
River and it s envir ons. The Lor d t hen inst r uct ed Adisesha t o t ake t he f or m of
a hill on t he banks of t he r iver , as Seshaa adapt s himself t o t he Lor d' s
r equir ement s, whet her t he lat t er r eclines, t r avels, sit s or st ands. Accor dingly,
Adisesha f or med himself int o a gr eat mount ain, bear ing par ks, gr oves, spr ings,
ponds, t r ees and holy wat er s, all suit able f or t he Lor d' s r esidence and
ent er t ainment , apar t f r om use by His devot ees. Pleased at t his magnif icent
ef f or t , t he Lor d gr ant ed Sesha t he boon t hat all sent ient beings and non-
sent ient obj ect s on Seshadr i (as it came t o be called af t er it s cr eat or ) would
at t ain t he good wor lds above, af t er ser vice t o t he Lor d and His bhakt aas.




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(9T4P ) 49†¹¬l¬¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
vr usha- dhr ug- gOcar Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF VV VENKATAM ENKATAM ENKATAM HH HILLS ILLS ILLS, , , WHO WHO WHO BLESSES BLESSES BLESSES US US US WITH WITH WITH HH HIS IS IS AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS
DARSANAM DARSANAM DARSANAM AT AT AT THE THE THE VV VRUSH RUSH RUSHAA ACHALAM CHALAM CHALAM (V (V (VRUSHA RUSHA RUSHA HH HILLS ILLS ILLS)! )! )!










Vr ishAdhr i ShikhAmaNi Vr ishAdhr i ShikhAmaNi Vr ishAdhr i ShikhAmaNi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Lor d Venkat esa is wor shipped as t he Lor d of Seven Hills (Sapt ha Gir eesan).
One of t hose seven hills is Vr ushaadhr i as celebr at ed in t he 15t h Sr i
Venkat esa Supr abhaat ham:
~lH9H¬ ¬67l¬¬4T³l|ã-
+l¹l4Tl|ã 49¬l|ã 49l|ã P¹4lP·
Hl¹4l t47l44B6¹|+H 47|-6
~l4T³l¬¬96 64 B9¬l6P+
NAMA 3 NAMA 3 NAMA 3
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Sr I sEshasaila gar uDaachala vEnkaTaadr i-
nAr AyaNaadr i vr ushabhAdr i VRUSHAADRI - mukhyAm |
aakhyAm t vadI ya vasat Er anisam vadant i
Sr I vEnkaTaacalapat E t ava supr abhAt am | |
"Oh Lor d of Venkat aachala! Your sacr ed place of r esidence is always hailed by
sever al names as Sr i Seshaachal a, Gar udaachal a, Venkat aadhr i ,
Naar ayanaadhr i, and Vr ushabhaadhr i and VRUSHAADHRI . May t his be an
auspicious dawn t o Thee!
The seven hills (Sapt ha Sailams) ar e also descr ibed as:
1. Sesha,
2. Venkat a,
3. VRUSHA,
4. Naar ayana,
5. Anj ana,
6. Simha and
7. Gar udaachalams.
Dhar ma devat hai (Vr usha) per f or med penance on t his hill and t hus gave t o it ,
t he name of Vr usha hills (Vr ushaadhr i). On t hese hills, Lor d Venkat esa, t he
supr eme embodiment of dhar ma over sees and enf or ces His Dhar ma
Saast hr ams bequeat hed by Him in many ways .
"Pr at hyavechakshishu Dhar mam bahau- dhwaar am pr avar t t hit ham"
The name "Vr isha:" has been connect ed t o t he r oot , "Vr ish" (i-e), t o dr ench.
Lor d Venkat esa dr enches us wit h t he bliss of soaking in His nect ar -like
exper ience and r emoves our f at igue f r om wander ing in t he wilder ness of t his
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danger ous samsaar am.
The name "Vr usha" also means dhar mam. This aspect has been well cover ed by
Sr i Vishnu Sahasr a naamaas. The Links t o t his Sr I Venkat esa naama (Vr usha-
dhr ug- gochar aya nama: ) ar e t o eight Sr I Vishnu Sahasr a naamams housing
t he wor d "Vr isha:".
These eight Vishnu Sahasr a naamaas incor por at ing Vr isha (Dhar ma sabdham)
ar e:
b Vr isha-par vaa (260t h name)/ He who has dhar maas as t he st eps f or
r eaching Him,
b Vr isha: (314t h name)/ He who dr enches t he suf f er ing ones scor ched by t he
heat of samsar a and comf or t s t hem,
b Vr isha-kar maa (113t h name)/ He who is of t he r ight eous (dhaar mic) act ion,
b Vr ishabhaaksha: (601st name)/ He who is in t he f or m of axle suppor t ing t he
wheel of dhar ma in Samsar a and shower s t he j eevans wit h t he f r uit s based
on dhar ma and one' s kar ma,
b Vr isha-pr iya: (602nd name)/ One who is f ond of His dhar maas est ablished t o
gr ant t he f our kinds of f r uit s covet ed by t he j eevans. These dhar maas
cover bot h Pr avr ut t hi dhar maas (f or st aying in t his samsaar ic wor ld as
bound j eevans) and nivr ut t hi dhar maas (f or gaining r elease f r om t his wor ld
as liber at ed j eevans).
b Vr ishaakr ut hi (114t h name)/ One who is of t he dhar mic f or m; Sr i Paushkar a
Samhit hai r ef er s t o his dhivya Mangala vigr aham (Divine auspicious f or m),
which emit s t he unique light of vir t uous knowledge t o bur n our kar maas and
set us on t he pat h t o liber at ion f r om t he cycles of bir t hs and deat hs.
b Vr ishaa-kapi: (102nd name)/ He is Var aaha, t he dhar ma incar nat e. Ref er ence
her e is t o Var aaha Kshet hr am, wher e He r esides as t he embodiment of
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dhar ma.
b Vr ishaahee (257t h name)/ Swamy Par aasar a Bhat t ar int er pr et s t his name t o
mean t hat auspicious f ir st day on which a devot ee appr oaches t he Lor d of
Vr ushaadhr i (Mangalakar a ar pana dinam) so t hat his lif e becomes f r uit f ul
Ot her int er pr et at ions of t his Naamaa ar e:
1. Dur ing t he r eign of Vaivasvat a manu, anot her aspir ant f or t he post of Manu,
named Dhar man, per f or med sever e penance medit at ing on Var aaha
Moor t hy. This Dhar amn was also known as Vr ishan (I n Sanskr it , Vr ishan
means one has t he dhar mam or r ight eousness as t heir hall mar k). Var aaha
Bhagavaan was pleased wit h t he penance of Vr ishan and t old t he lat t er t hat
a) he will at t ain t he post of Manu in t he f ut ur e and b) t he hill wher e he
per f or med t he penance t o please Him would be known as Vr ishaadhr i.
2. Addit ionaly, Vr isha Dhr ug could be t aken t o mean t hose, who have
r ight eousness as t heir ver y eyes, t hat is, t hose who conduct t heir lives
scr upulously accor ding t o t he Lor d' s dhar maas. The Lor d, who becomes t he
t ar get of such lof t y devot ees' eyes is Lor d Sr inivaasa and hence t he Lor d
is known as "Vr isha dhr ug gochar an".



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(9T4P ) |4!T4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VishNavE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD, , , WHO WHO WHO PERVADES PERVADES PERVADES EVERY EVERY EVERY THING THING THING IN IN IN THE THE THE UNIVERSE UNIVERSE UNIVERSE WITHOUT WITHOUT WITHOUT
ANY ANY ANY EXCEPTION EXCEPTION EXCEPTION ( ( (SARVA SARVA SARVA GATHA GATHA GATHA: : : PRATHI PRATHI PRATHI VASTHU VASTHU VASTHU POOR POOR POORNN NAN AN AN). ). ).

Sr I Malayappa SwAmy Sr I Malayappa SwAmy Sr I Malayappa SwAmy- - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This is t he 31st Naama of Sr I Venkat esa in t he Br ahmANDa Pur ANam ver sion
of t he Asht ot t har am. This is a t ir unAmam which is sanct if ied wit h univer sal
accept ance-by t he vener at ed Shr ut i, t he I t ihAsAs and t he Pur ANas. The
Shr ut i, f or inst ance, is f ull of adulat or y r ef er ences t o t his Lor d, "VishNO:
nukam veer yANi pr avOcham" et c.
The Celest ials ar e unable t o t ake t heir eyes away f r om t he glor ious f or m of
t his Emper uman, says t he Shr ut i:
NAMA 4 NAMA 4 NAMA 4
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"t at VishNO: par amam padam sadA pasyant i soor aya: "
The lot us f eet of t his VishNu ar e incr edibly sweet and secr et e t he nect ar of
liber at ion and Bhagavat anubhavam:
"VishNO: padE par amE madhva ut sa: "
I t is t his Emper uman who is t he per sonif icat ion of all sacr if ice or Yagyam -
"YagyO vai VishNu: "- and ir r espect ive of which dEvat A t he Yagya is
addr essed t o, it is VishNu who r eceives it (Havis) and r esponds by shower ing
t he desir ed boon on t he per f or mer .
Et ymologically, t his gr eat t ir unAmam indicat es One who per vades all
"visat i it i VishNu: ”
When t he Nar ayana anuvAkam t ells us t hat t he Lor d per vades all t hat one sees
and hear s (and t hose one can' t t oo):
"ant ar bahischa t at sar vam vyApya Nar ayana: st it t ha: "
it is t o t his VishNu t hat it r ef er s t o. For , at t he end of t he anuvAka, it is t o
VishNu t hat t he pr ayer is addr essed:
"Nar ayanaya vidmahE VAsudEvAya dheemahi,
t annO VishNu: pr achOdayAt ".
He is t he Lor d of Seven Hills, t he adhi dEvat A of all mount ains:
"VishNu: par vat AnAm adhipat i: sa mA avat u"
- J ayAt hi mant r am
I t is Vishnu who is r esponsible f or demigods winning t heir bat t les against
inimical f or ces, be it I ndr a or Rudr a:
"I ndr asya yuj ya: sakhA".
I n Rudr A' s war wit h t he asur As in t he Tr ipur As, it is VishNu who ser ves as t he
ar r ow and dest r oys t he Tr ipur As which caused such t er r or t o t he inhabit ant s
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of all t he wor lds.
The Divine Consor t t oo is ident if ied as t he Empr ess of all wor lds, sent ient and
non-sent ient , because of Her associat ion wit h VishNu:
"asyEsAnA j agat O VishNu pat nI "
Mot her Ear t h t oo is adulat ed as VishNu' s mahishI :
"MahI m dEvI m VishNupat nI m aj Ur yAm"
I t is t his VishNu who t ook t he t en magnif icent avat Ar As f or pr ot ect ion of t he
sAdhUs and dest r uct ion of evil. The Shr ut i eulogizes t he Tr ivikr amavat ar a
t ime and again as but a leelA of VishNu:
"Tr EdhA Vishnu: vichakr amE"
Sr i Vishnu is t he r eposit or y of all valour , br aver y and manliness and t r iumphs
over all ot her deit ies, especially Rudr a, says t he Sr imad Ramayana:
"adhikam mEnir E VishNum"
Though t her e ar e any number s of Sahasr anAma st Ot r As, t he mer e ment ion of
t he wor d "Sahasr anAmam" indisput ably r ef er s only t o Sr i Vishnu
Sahasr anAma. I t is t his Lor d who is t he One of a Thousand Names ("PEr
Ayir am udayAn") and t he ot her t ir unAmAs in t his st ot r am ar e but expansions
and elabor at ions of t his sacr ed name. I t is He who is t he I nf init e, wit hout a
beginning and an end:
"anAdi nidhanam VishNum"
and t he Lor d of all Wor lds and dEvat As:
"J agat pr abhum dEva dEvam".
He is t he only one among t hir t y t hr ee cr or e dEvat As, who is f it f or adulat ion
and vener at ion:
"t amEva cha ar chayan nit yam. . . dhyAyan st uvan
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namasyamscha yaj amAna: t amEva cha".
Of all f or ms of wor ship, it is t hat of VishNu t hat is t he gr eat est :
"Ar AdhanAnAm sar vEshAm VishNO: Ar Adhanam par am".
I t is t o t his unpar alleled Ult imat e, t o t his mat chless war r ior , t his
per sonif icat ion of mer cy and compassion, t hat t he gem among Pur ANAs
("Pur ANa Rat nam") is devot ed: Sr i Vishnu Pur ANa. I t is t his Pur ANa t hat all
t he VEdAnt ins, ir r espect ive of t heir par t icular school of t hought , whet her
t hey ar e advait ins, visisht Advait ins or dvait ins, dr aw upon f or inspir at ion, t o
expound t heir ideas. I t is t his Pur ANa t hat is hailed as t he best among it s
class, a SAt vika Pur ANa whose ever y syllable is wor t h it s weight in gold.
Apar t f r om being t he subj ect mat t er of t he Shr ut i, Smr it is, t he I t ihAsAs and
t he Pur ANAs, t his t ir unAma is also enshr ined in a pot ent mant r a, t he
Shadakshar am, which is count ed among t he most magnif icent of Bhagavat h
mant r As, along wit h t he asht Akshar am and t he DvAdasAkshar am.
Accor ding t o Sr i Nammazhwar , t his Emper uman is lot us-like all over : His holy
f eet , His br oad and beaut if ul eyes, His sof t and munif icent palms-all of t hese
ar e sof t , r eddish and r adiant like a lot us:
"vit t ilangu sem sOt hi t Amar ai pAdam kaigaL kaNgaL".
Swami Desikan t oo concur s wit h t his assessment :
"TAmar ai dhAt u nir am koNda mEnian" (Pannir u Tir unAmam).
His t ir umEni is glowing and huge like a mount ain;
"vit t ilangu kar um sudar malayE t ir uvudambu".
And on t his huge mount ain, t her e is t he incongr uous sight of t he Sun and t he
Moon being pr esent simult aneously, t he br illiant Sudar sana Chakr a and t he
PAnchaj anya Shankha wit h it s sof t , whit e luminescence. I t is t his Emper uman
who conf er s upon His vot ar ies glor y and bliss equal t o His own:
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"t an mayyam AkkinAn vallan Empir An Vit t uvE".
Mor e t han anyt hing else, it is t his Lor d who gives us our glor ious ident it y as
"VaishNavAs".
This Emper uman holds as weapons f our "kalappai" (plough) in His hands and
r epr esent s t he t ir umAN t hat we wear on t he r ight par t of our st omach. He
pr ot ect s us f r om t he nor t her n side:
"VishNum chat ur halam vandE padma kinchalka sannibham"





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(9T4P ) B7V+ |¬¹lHl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadanj ana gir eesaaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES ON ON ON THE THE THE HILL HILL HILL KNOWN KNOWN KNOWN FOR FOR FOR ITS ITS ITS SS SATH ATH ATH-- -CHITH CHITH CHITH-- -AA AANANDA ANANDA ANANDA
SVAROOPAM SVAROOPAM SVAROOPAM! H ! H ! HEE E IS IS IS THE THE THE AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS COLYRIUM COLYRIUM COLYRIUM TO TO TO THOSE THOSE THOSE, , , WHO WHO WHO SEEK SEEK SEEK HH HIS IS IS REFUGE REFUGE REFUGE TO TO TO BE BE BE
BLESSED BLESSED BLESSED WITH WITH WITH FOUR FOUR FOUR KINDS KINDS KINDS OF OF OF GOALS GOALS GOALS OF OF OF LIFE LIFE LIFE (C (C (CHATHURVITHA HATHURVITHA HATHURVITHA PP PURUSH URUSH URUSHAA ARR RTT TAMS AMS AMS). ). ).

Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) wit h ubhaya nAcchiyAr s Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) wit h ubhaya nAcchiyAr s Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) wit h ubhaya nAcchiyAr s- - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
One of t he seven hills associat ed wit h Lor d Venkat esa is Anj ana gir i. Sr I
Aanj anEyar incar nat ed on t hese hills as t he son of Vaayu, t he Lor d of
winds. His mot her was Anj ana Devi, who per f or med penance on t his hill dur ing
Tr Et haa yugam t o beget Aanj anEyan as her son. The f at her of Anj anEyan is
Vaayu Devan, t he God of winds.
Anj anam means also colyr ium of a special kind. When t his auspicious anj anam
(sadanj anam) is applied over one' s eyelids; it will empower one t o visualize
hidden t r easur es t hat ar e not seeable t hr ough gr oss eyes. Swamy Desikan, a
NAMA 5 NAMA 5 NAMA 5
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gr eat Vaishnavit e AchAr ya in His monument al st hOt hr am known as Sr i Dayaa
Sat hakam (ebook # 16) salut es t he Lor d of Anj anAdhr i as t he pr ecious and
inest imable t r easur e named "Dayaa”:
H|T¬+ |+|¤ B|6 H94¬ |×4¬4l-·
HV+lãlH¹ 74lP H|¬7l|P |+¹V+lP+
akincana nidhim soot im apavar ga t r ivar gayO: |
anj anaadr eeswar a dayaam abhisht aumi nir anj anaam | |
MM MEANING EANING EANING
The Lor d of Anj anaadhr i is like a pr ecious t r easur e f or t hose wit hout any
capit al. I t is t he gr ound on which Moksham and ot her pur ushAr Tams gr ow.
That Dayaa guNam of t he Lor d of Anj anaa hills is blemishless. I t spr eads t o
ever yone ir r espect ive of t heir st at us in lif e, gender or educat ional level. This
Dayaa devi st anding in f or t he Compassion of t he Lor d does not need any
anj anam t o see Her and f or us t o benef it f r om Her blessings.
Anot her r eason f or t hese hills acquir ing t he name "anj ana gir i" is because t hey
wer e br ought by VAyu bhagavaan, blown by his f or ce, in t he cont est wit h
Adisesha descr ibed ear lier , says t he Br ahmaNDa Pur ana (Ebook # 95 in
Sundar aSimham Ser ies).





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(9T4P ) 49l|ã 964 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ushAdr i pat ayE Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF VV VRUSHA RUSHA RUSHA OR OR OR DD DHARMAA HARMAA HARMAA HILLS HILLS HILLS!! !

Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar - - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I n t he t hir d naamaa, salut at ions wer e made t o t he Lor d, who becomes t he
obj ect of exper ience of one’s cognit ive indhr iyams (Vr usha- dhr ug gOchar Aya
Nama: ).
Her e, salut at ions ar e ext ended t o t he Lor d, who manif est ed Himself (Svyam
Vyakt ham) on t he f oot hills of Vr ushAchalam, wher e Dhar ma dEvat hai did
penance once. Swamy Desikan pr ost r at es bef or e t his Vr usha Saila NaaTan t his
NAMA 6 NAMA 6 NAMA 6
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way in t he nint h slOkam of Dayaa Sat hakam:
TP-4+4¤l— 4-7 T6Tl 46Tl¬4P·
49H¬ 6³F¤l+l F44 -4|±P9l¬6P+
Kamapyanavadhim vandE Kar uNA- Var uNAlayam |
vr usha saila t aTa- st haanam svayam vyakt im upAgat am | |
MM MEANING EANING EANING
For t hose, who live near t he Vir ushAdhr i hill of t he Thir uvenkat am chain of
hills, t her e is an ocean t hat has self -manif est ed f or t he et er nal enj oyment of
t hose f or t unat e t o live near it . The Dayaa (Compassion/ Mer cy) of t he Lor d
of Vr ushAdhr i hill is t he mat t er t hat makes up t he ocean. That Dayaa is
mat chless and wonder f ul. This ocean of Dayaa can not be calibr at ed and
quant if ied by eit her place or t ime or vast hu. I salut e t hat incompar able ocean
of Dayaa.
The t er m "Vr ishaadr i" denot es f ur t her t hat t hese holy hills ar e t he
embodiment of dhar ma or r ight eousness. Swami Desikan t ells us in Daya
Sat akam t hat t o t hose who live on or near t his Vr ishaadr i, t he Lor d conf er s
t he benef it of t heir last t hought s ("Ant ima Smr it i") being f ocused on Himself ,
ensur ing t heir emancipat ion (Moksham).





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(9T4P ) P69× |¬¹lHl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Mer u put r a gir I sAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESAN SAN SAN RESIDING RESIDING RESIDING ON ON ON THE THE THE AA ANANDHA NANDHA NANDHA HILL HILL HILL,, , WHICH WHICH WHICH IS IS IS THE THE THE SON SON SON
OF OF OF THE THE THE AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS AUSPICIOUS MM MERU ERU ERU MM MOUNTAIN OUNTAIN OUNTAIN!! !

Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Sr I Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar )- - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Af t er Lor d Adhi Var aahar r escued BhUmi Devi f r om t he net her wor ld and
br ought her up on His t usk, He asked Gar uda t o br ing Kir idAchalam (beaut if ul
hill f r om Sr I Vaikunt am wit h gold and nava r at hnams) t o ear t h. Gar uda car r ied
Kir idAchalam on His back and dr opped it on a spot east of Swamy Pushkar aNi.
This Kr idAchalam r esembled AdhisEsha in shape and f or m. Adhi Var Ahar t ook
NAMA 7 NAMA 7 NAMA 7
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His abode on Kir idAchalam on t he banks of Swamy Pushkar aiNi.
Then came DhvApar a Yugam. Ther e was a quar r el bet ween Adhisesha and
Vaayu, t he Lor d of winds at Sr I Vaikunt am. Sr I Vaikunt anAt han had t o
int er vene and decide on which one of t hem was t he st r ongest . Our Lor d asked
AdhisEshan t o wr ap himself ar ound Anandha hill, which is t he son of Mer u
Mount ain (Mer u Put hr an). Vaayu was asked t o blow t hat Anandha hill away f r om
t he gr ip of Aadhiseshan. The cont est bet ween t he t wo ser vant s of t he Lor d
cont inued f or many days and t he whole wor ld t r embled. The dEvAs begged
AdhisEsha t o concede vict or y t o Vaayu f or t he saf et y of t he wor ld and
AdhisEsha r eluct ant ly agr eed and let go of Anandha hill, which got blown away.
That hill landed on t he bank of Swar Namukhi River f lowing by Venkat Adhr i
hills. Br ahma comf or t ed t he dej ect ed AdhisEsha by assur ing t hat Anandha hill
will be mer ged wit h Kir idAchalam (Venkat Adhr i hill) and t hat AdhisEshan will
met amor phize in t o Anandha hill t o become SeshAdhr i and VishNu will t ake His
abode on him.
Thus, t he Mer u Put hr an, Anandha hill t r ansf or med in t o SeshAdhr i and Lor d
Venkat Esa t ook His per manent abode on AdhisEsha' s hoods and became
SeshAdhr i nilayan.
By associat ing t hese hills wit h t he Mahaa Mer u, t he f or mer ' s glor y and
magnif icence ar e implied.






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(9T4P ) B¹F4l|P 6³l=9 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sar as- Swamy- t aTee- j ushE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO DELIGHTS DELIGHTS DELIGHTS IN IN IN SPORTING SPORTING SPORTING ON ON ON THE THE THE BANKS BANKS BANKS OF OF OF
SS SWAMY WAMY WAMY PP PUSHKARA USHKARA USHKARANN NII I ( ( (WITH WITH WITH HH HIS IS IS DIVINE DIVINE DIVINE CONSORT CONSORT CONSORT, P , P , PADMAAVATHI ADMAAVATHI ADMAAVATHI)! )! )!

BhU Var Ahar BhU Var Ahar BhU Var Ahar - - - - - - AhObila Mut t AhObila Mut t AhObila Mut t
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Swamy Pushkar aNi was br ought t o Thir umala by Gar udan f r om Sr i Vaikunt am
f or t he spor t of Lor d Venkat Esa.Gar udan placed Swamy Pushkar aNi r ight next
t o t he Lor d' s t emple.
Swamy Pushkar aNi is a sacr ed t heer t ham, wher e t he devot ees of Lor d
Venkat Esa cleanse t hemselves bef or e ent er ing t he Lor d' s t emple. Lor d
Var Ahar has His t emple on t he west er n bank of Swamy Pushkar aNi and Lor d
NAMA 8 NAMA 8 NAMA 8
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Venkat Esa has His aalayam on it s sout her n bank.
Special f est ivals t ake place at Swamy Pushkar aNi:
1. TheppOt t hsavam or t he wodden f loat f est ival dur ing t he mont h of
Febr uar y/ Mar ch,
2. Avabr ut ha SnAnam at t he end of Br ahmOt hsavam in Sept ember and
3. MukkOt i Ut hsavam (Mar ghazhi DwAdasi) symbolizing t he mer ging of
t hr ee cr or es of sacr ed t heer t hams wit h Swamy Pushkar aNi wat er s. On
t hat day, bat hing in Swamy Pushkar aNi is consider ed equivalent t o
immer sing in t he Sacr ed r iver , GangA, which t ook it s bir t h f r om t he
holy f oot of Thr ivikr aman.
Ther e ar e sever al int er pr et at ions of t he t er m, "Swami Pushkar ini". This is t he
"Swami" f or all t he Pushkar inis in t he wor ld, t he undisput ed leader of all holy
wat er s. I t is said t hat on t he Shukla Paksha Dvaadasi day of Maar gaseer sha
mont h, all t he sacr ed wat er s in Bhar at a Var sha seek out a conf luence in t his
Pushkar ini t o pur if y t hemselves f r om t he sins cont r act ed f r om mahaa paapis.
Secondly, accor ding t o t he Var aha pur ana, t his Pushkar ini eliminat es t he
dependence or shackles of t hose who bat he in it and conf er s "Swaamit vam" or
liber at ion and independence, mat er ial as well as spir it ual, on t hem.
Thir dly, t his is t he Pushakr ini of t he j agat Swami Sr inivasa, who is t he
undisput ed mast er of all t he wor lds.





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(9T4P ) T…Pl¹T-9 B-4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kumaar a kalpa sevyaaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED BY BY BY SS SKANDA KANDA KANDA (M (M (MURUGAN URUGAN URUGAN) ) ) TILL TILL TILL THE THE THE END END END
OF OF OF THIS THIS THIS KK KALPAM ALPAM ALPAM

Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar - - - - - - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
To wash of f t he sin r esult ing f r om t he killing of Taar akaasur aa, Skanda sought
his f at her ' s advice and was t old by Shankar a t o have a cleansing dip in t he
Kumaar a Teer t ham on t he Tir umala Hills and t o per f or m penance, const ant ly
ut t er ing t he Venkat esa asht aakshar a mant r am. Skanda complied and under t ook
ascet ic conduct and penance on t he banks of t he Kumaar a Dhaar aa f alls in
Tir umala. The Lor d appear ed bef or e him in due cour se and gr ant ed him t he
boon of r esiding at t he same place t ill t he end of t his Kalpam and wor shipping
t he Lor d f r om pr oximit y. This is what t he Vaamana Pur ana t ells us.
NAMA 9 NAMA 9 NAMA 9
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Even bef or e Subr ahmanya under t ook penance her e, t his t eer t ham was known
as Kumaar a Teer t t ham, because an old man who had a holy dip in t hese wat er s
was mir aculously t r ansf or med int o a yout h, a "Kumaar a".



















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(9T4P ) 4|¤†|¹494l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaj r i- dhr ug- vishayAya Sr I VenkATEsAya nama
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE OBJECT OBJECT OBJECT OF OF OF WORSHIP WORSHIP WORSHIP TO TO TO II INDHRAN NDHRAN NDHRAN

Thir u NAr AyaNan Thir u NAr AyaNan Thir u NAr AyaNan-- - Vair amudi Sevai Vair amudi Sevai Vair amudi Sevai-- - MelkOt e MelkOt e MelkOt e
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Vaj r i is t he name of I ndhr an because of his owner ship of t he weapon known as
Vaj r Ayudham (t hunder bolt f ashioned out of Sage Mar ichi' s backbone).
Due t o his impr oper conduct t owar ds Ahalya, t he wif e of Mahar shi Gout ama,
I ndr a developed a det est able appear ance and hid himself in t he st alk of a lot us
on t he Mer u par vat am. As advised by Deva Gur u Br ihaspat i and ot her Rishis, he
came out of his hiding place, went t o Tir umala and per f or med ext r aor dinar y
penance t her e, dir ect ed at Sr i Var aha mur t hy. Pleased at t his pr opit iat ion, t he
Lor d appear ed bef or e I ndr a and gr ant ed his wish f or a r est or at ion of his
NAMA 10 NAMA 10 NAMA 10
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or iginal, handsome f or m, r idding him of t he sin cont r act ed t hr ough impr oper
conduct .
Lor d Venkat Esan is wit hin r each of t he sensor y or gans of I ndhr an. He st ands
bef or e Lor d Venkat Esa at t he Supr abhAt ham t ime along wit h Sivan, Agni,
Yama, Nair ut i, Var uNa, Vaayu and Kuber a wit h f olded hands on his head
of f er ing his ser vice t o Sapt hagir I san (Sr i Venkat Esa Supr abhAt ham: slOkam
16). All of t he sevAr t his in f r ont of Lor d Venkat Esa descr ibed her e ar e
r egent s of dir ect ion. I ndr a is t he Lor d of East er n dir ect ion.
Lor d Venkat Esan is Supr eme Br ahman. The passage in Ait ar Eya Upanishad,
wher e I ndr an descr ibes his exper ience on seeing t he Supr eme Br ahman
pr ovides a ' symbolic' et ymology of t he wor d I ndhr an and t he Lor d Venkat Esan
being his Dhr ug-vishayan. The Upanishad passage st at es: “Once bor n. He
(I ndr an) looked at all exist ing t hings (bhUt a), t hinking. "Of what can one
speak as dif f er ent f r om oneself ? He saw t he one I mmensit y, t he Br ahman, as
t he only Self -suf f icient ent it y and said cr ypt ically, f or t he gods ar e f ond of
t he cr ypt ic, “I have seen it ” (idham aadar sam). Ther ef or e his (I ndr a’s) name
is I dham-dr a (it seeing)". The Lor d was able t o be wit h in t he r ange of his
(I ndr a' s) cognit ive senses.
I ndhr a has much t o be t hankf ul t o t he Lor d as a Mast er . Time and again, it is
Lor d Venkat Esa, who r est or ed t o I ndhr a all his lost glor ies and over lor dship
and splendour .
Our Lor d' s help t o I ndhr a is acknoweldged by t he VedAs t hr ough t heir
r ecognit ion of Him as t he f r iend of I ndhr a in bat t le (I ndhr asya Yuj ya:
Sakhaa).


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(9T4P ) B4¬¬l B6-4F6 B+l9t4 ¬¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Suvar calaa sut anyast a Sainaapat ya bhar aaya
Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO ASSIGNED ASSIGNED ASSIGNED THE THE THE RESPONSIBILITIES RESPONSIBILITIES RESPONSIBILITIES OF OF OF COMMANDER COMMANDER COMMANDER
IN IN IN CHIEF CHIEF CHIEF TO TO TO THE THE THE SON SON SON OF OF OF SS SUVARCHALA UVARCHALA UVARCHALA DD DEVI EVI EVI!! !

Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL-- - ROhini Pur appAdu ROhini Pur appAdu ROhini Pur appAdu-- - Thir uAllikENi Thir uAllikENi Thir uAllikENi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I n t he Kr it a Yuga, an Apsar as named Kunt halaa who was cur sed by Dur vaasa
Mahar shi, was bor n as t he incr edibly beaut if ul daught er of a hunt er and was
named Suvar chalaa. Once Var unaa, at t r act ed by her , cohabit ed wit h her and
gave her a handsome son blessed wit h all auspicious at t r ibut es, bor n in Adi
maasam under t he st ar of Pushyam. Af t er some t ime, t he boy sought r ef uge
NAMA 11 NAMA 11 NAMA 11
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wit h Kashyapa Mahar shi and imbibed Vedas and Vedant a f r om him and
per f or med har d penance f or 12 long year s on Vr ishabhaadr i. The pr opit iat ed
Lor d blessed t he boy wit h "Saar oopyam" or appear ance akin t o Himself , wit h
f our ar ms holding Shankham, Chakr am et c. This ar dent devot ee of t he Lor d
is known as Vishvaksena and has been ent r ust ed wit h t he milit ar y and
administ r at ive r esponsibilit ies as t he Commander -in-chief of t he Lor d' s ar my
and t hat of t he var ious univer ses.














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(9T4P ) ¹lPl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) RaamAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO INCARNATED INCARNATED INCARNATED AS AS AS AA AYY YOO ODHYA DHYA DHYA RR RAAMAN AAMAN AAMAN IN IN IN THE THE THE
SS SURYA URYA URYA VV VAMSAM AMSAM AMSAM TO TO TO DESTROY DESTROY DESTROY RR RAAVA AAVA AAVANN NAN AN AN AND AND AND HIS HIS HIS RETINUE RETINUE RETINUE AND AND AND RE RE RE-- -ESTABLISH ESTABLISH ESTABLISH
RIGHTEOUSNESS RIGHTEOUSNESS RIGHTEOUSNESS (D (D (DHARAM HARAM HARAM)! )! )!

Sr I RAma Pat t AbhishEkam Sr I RAma Pat t AbhishEkam Sr I RAma Pat t AbhishEkam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
One of t he names of Lor d Venkat Esa is Venkat a Raaman. He is t he
embodiment of Dhar ma (Dhar mo Vigr ahavAn) and t he One t o of f er pr ot ect ion
t o any one, who sought his sacr ed f eet even once as t he r ef uge. I t did not
NAMA 12 NAMA 12 NAMA 12
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mat t er t o Lor d Raamachandr a, whet her one appr oached Him f or pr ot ect ion as
a f r iend or f oe. He of f er ed t hem t he sought af t er pr ot ect ion f r om all t ypes of
enemies.
Raama Poor va Taapini Upanishad (1.1) def ines Raama as t he One, who char ms
(r amayat hi) t he univer se and shines. The same Upanishad r eveals t he power of
t he Raama Taar aka mant hr am t his way (2.2.3): “J ust as t he whole nat ur e of
t he lar ge banyan t r ee is cont ained in it s t iny seed, so also t he univer se, moving
and unmoving (char am and achar am), is cont ained in t he wor d-seed Raama".
The immense Raama t at t hvam enj oyed by t he Yogis is descr ibed as: "That
Supr eme immensit y, in which t he mind of t he Yogi delight s, whose desir e is t o
obt ain ever last ing j oy, is known as Raama".
The links of Raama t o Thir uppat hi is cover ed in Var aaha Pur ANam. I t t ells t hat
issue-less Dasar at ha wor shipped t he Lor d of Thir umala wit h f our slOkams and
did sever e t apas f or beget t ing pr ogeny. Lor d blessed king Dasar at ha wit h f our
sons, who wer e t he amsams of t he Lor d. One of t he Pour ANika slOkam says
t hat Sr inivAsa is ver ily Raama Himself , t he ant hill f r om which Sr inivAsa
emer ged was Mot her Kousalya, t he t ower ing Tamar ind t r ee over t he ant hill was
Fat her Dasar at ha and Lakshmana was t he abode of t he Lor d, SeshAchalam.
The ent ir e ar ea of Thir umala is r ecognized as t he Raaj adhAni of AyOdhya.






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(9T4P ) 9T+l¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) PadmanAbhAya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE HAS HAS HAS AA A LOTUS LOTUS LOTUS IN IN IN HIS HIS HIS NAVEL NAVEL NAVEL

Sr I Anant ha PadmanAbha SwAmy Sr I Anant ha PadmanAbha SwAmy Sr I Anant ha PadmanAbha SwAmy- - - - - - Thir u Anant haPur am Thir u Anant haPur am Thir u Anant haPur am
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Like t he r est of His glor ious t ir umEni, t he Lor d' s navel t oo r esembles
a beaut if ul lot us. The Lot us Connect ion doesn' t st op t her e, f or f r om t he navel
emer ges a cr eeper wit h a lot us in f ull bloom at it s end. And on t his lot us sit s
t he Chat ur mukha Br ahmA (hence t he name "Padmabhoo: "), char ged by t he
Lor d wit h t he nut s and bolt s of Cr eat ion.
I t is t hus t he Lor d' s navel which is t he Pr imor dial Cause of all Cr eat ion.
"Ayanai padait t ha naLir mA malar undi" ent huse AzhwAr s, eulogizing t he
Emper uman wit h t he Lot us-Navel.
NAMA 13 NAMA 13 NAMA 13
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Looking at t he number of names of Sr i Mahalakshmi associat ed wit h t he lot us:
"Padma pr iyE, Padmini, Padma hast E, PadmAlayE, PadmadalAyat AkshI ,
PadmagandhinI m, Padmavar NAm" et c. ,
it is quit e nat ur al f or her insepar able Consor t t oo t o be a PadmanAbha. This
Lor d is mat chless in magnif icence and unpar alleled in pr owess, says Sr i
Nammazhwar :
"Par panAbhan, uyar var a uyar um per um t ir alOn".
Comment ing on ot her unique f eat ur es of t his Emper uman, Swami Desikan t ells
us t hat His t ir umEni r esembles a t housand Suns blazing away at t heir peak:
"Vem pon Kadir avan Ayir am mEviya mey ur uvAi".
This is bor ne out by t he PanchAyudha St Ot r a, which salut es Him as:
"Sahasr Ar kka Sama pr abha: ”
He holds f ive br illiant weapons in His f our hands glowing like beat en gold:
1. t he Chakr am,
2. Shankham,
3. Scept r e,
4. Bow and
5. t he GadA.
I t is t his Lor d whose name we ut t er when wear ing Ur dhva Pundr am (Tir umaN)
in t he middle of our back. This Lor d is ever pr esent in our hr idaya kamalam
(t he lot us-shaped hear t ):
"hr it h padmE PadmanAbhO mE sahasr Ar kka Sama pr abha: "

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(9T4P ) B7l 4l4F66l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadaa Vaayu St ut aaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS CONSTANTLY CONSTANTLY CONSTANTLY EULOGIZED EULOGIZED EULOGIZED

Anj anEyar Anj anEyar Anj anEyar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Sr i Venkat esa is adulat ed not only by us mor t als, but also by all t he celest ials
wor t h t heir name:
"amar ndu vaanavar vaanavar konodum namandr ezhum Tir uvenkat am"
One of t hese is t he Vaayu Bhagavaan, r epr esent ing t he lif e-giving air , wit hout
t he cir culat ion of which t his Univer se and it s billions of inhabit ant s would
per ish inst ant ly. Such a power f ul ent it y as t his Vayu Bhagavan const ant ly
wor ships Sr inivasa, speaking volumes about t he glor y, power and magnif icence
NAMA 14 NAMA 14 NAMA 14
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of Tir uvenkat amudayaan.
"Bheeshaasmaat Vaat a: pavat e" says t he Tait t ir iyopanishad, t elling us t hat
even t he power f ul Wind God blows, out of f ear and r espect f or Sr inivasa,
showing Him up t o be t he Supr eme Cont r oller of all sent ient and non-sent ient
beings, at whose bidding t hey per f or m t he r espect ive f unct ions assigned t o
t hem.
The f act t hat t her e is always a pleasant wind blowing in t he Tir umala Hills,
ir r espect ive of t he season, is pr oof enough of Vayu' s const ant adulat ion of t he
Lor d. Fur t her , Akaasa Raj a (Emper or of t he Skies) is t he Lor d' s own f at her -
in-law. I t is t her ef or e no wonder t hat t he Wind God, whose pat h lies acr oss
t he skies, pays t r ibut e t o his host ' s dist inguished Son-in-Law.
Anot her link t o t his naaama is f ound in Vaamana Pur ANam. Once Vaayu
Bhagavaan per f or med sever e penance f or a t housand year s at Thir umala. Lor d
Sr inivAsan appear ed bef or e t he over whelmed Vaayu and gave His dar sanam
wit h His DEvis seat ed on t he back of Gar udan. Vaayu eulogized t he Lor d wit h
sixt y f our slOkmas cont aining t he essence of VedAnt ham known as Vaayu
Geet hA. This const ant ador at ion of t he Lor d by Vaayu wit h his st hOt hr am
gave r ise t o t his naamaa.







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(9T4P ) t4± 4T…'ó¬lTl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t yakt a VaikuNThalOkAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO FORSOOK FORSOOK FORSOOK THE THE THE LOFTY LOFTY LOFTY SRI SRI SRI VAIKUNTHAM VAIKUNTHAM VAIKUNTHAM TO TO TO BE BE BE WITH WITH WITH US US US
MORTALS MORTALS MORTALS!! !







Sr I VEnkat Esha Per umAL PAdham Sr I VEnkat Esha Per umAL PAdham Sr I VEnkat Esha Per umAL PAdham
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The nor mal habit at of t he Par amapur usha is Sr i Vaikunt t am or Par amapadam,
wher e He r eigns in all splendor , adulat ed const ant ly by t he Celest ials, who wait
on Him hand and f oot , const ant ly dr inking in His incompar able beaut y. However ,
t his Lor d, out of His inf init e mer cy f or gr ieving mor t als, descends t o t his
wor ld t ime and again, assuming var ious avat Ar As, f or pr ot ect ing t he good,
dest r oying evil and r e-est ablishing Dhar ma on a f ir m f oot ing.
Mar veling at Emper uman' s leaving His illust r ious abode of Sr i Vaikunt t am and
being bor n in t his mundane wor ld as one among us lowly mor t als, assuming
f or ms human and sub-human, Sr i Nammazhwar says:
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"ennindr a yOniyumAi pir andAi imayOr Talaiva!"
I t is t his Lor d, who has f or saken t his VaikuNTha lOkam t o shower us all wit h
mer cy and has t aken per manent r esidence on t he banks of Swami Pushkar ini at
Tir umala, says Sr I VEnkat Eshwar a Mangalam:
~l4T…'ó|4¹±l4 F4l|P9!T|¹Tl 6³·
¹P4l ¹PPlTl4 4T³Hl4 Pñ=P+
"shr iivaikuNThavir akt Aya swAmipuShkar iNI t aTe
r amayA r amamANAya venkaTeshAya mangaLam"

"Maayaavee par amaanandam t yakvaa VaikuNTham ut t amam
Swami Pushkar ini t eer e Ramayaa saha modat e"
is anot her sloka, f r om Var aha Pur ana, which conveys t he same pur por t .
Emper uman much pr ef er s a soj our n in our wor lds, even t he lif e of a cowher d t o
t he r at her bor ing Sr i VaikuNTham, wher e not hing excit ing ever happens, says
Sr i Nammazhwar :
"divat t ilum pasu nir ai meyppu uvat t i".
I t would t hus appear t hat t he Lor d pr ef er s t he f ast and r at her danger ous lif e
t hat we mor t als live, meet ing wit h aplomb t he numer ous messenger s of deat h
dispat ched by Kamsa, t o t he st aid and placid lif e of Par amapadam. He much
pr ef er s t he company of sinning mor t als who af f or d Him f ull oppor t unit y f or
displaying His essent ial t r ait s of f or giveness and compassion, t han t hat of
Nit ya Sur is of Sr i VaikuNTham, all of whom, being par agons of vir t ue, r equir e
lit t le of t he Lor d' s af or esaid qualit ies.
I t is t o be not ed t hat even in Sr i RAmAvat Ar A, Emper uman r eadily sacr if iced
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t he comf or t s of t he Ayodhya palace f or a soj our n in t he inhospit able j ungles,
all f or Asr it ha r akshanam:
t4±BlT64lB4 |¬×T¤³|4r|¹T·
Bl¬-49|¹9Tl4 Bt4l|ã±l4 Pñ=P+
"Tyakt a Saket ha vasaya Chit r akoot a vihar ine
Soulabhya par ipoor naya sat vot r ikt aya mangalam"
The Gar uda Pur ANA conf ir ms t hat Tir uvenkat am is indeed dear er t o
Emper uman, t han His ot her exalt ed abodes like Svet adveepam, VaikuNTham,
Soor ya Mandalam et c.
"at i pr eet i: MahaaVishno: t at r a Venkat a bhoodhar e
Svet a dveepaat cha Vaikunt t aat h Bhaanu mandala madhyat a: "
I t should not be const r ued t hat since t he Lor d has come down t o Tir umala, Sr i
VaikuNTham is devoid of His pr esence. He is def init ely capable of r esiding at
bot h Par amapadam and Tir umala, simult aneously. And He consider s t he hills,
dales and mandapaas of Tir umala so dear t hat He is ever enamor ed of it s
envir ons.






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(9T4P ) |¬|¹T… V |4rl|¹T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Gir ikunj a vihaar iNE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO SPORTS SPORTS SPORTS IN IN IN THE THE THE FOOTHILLS FOOTHILLS FOOTHILLS OF OF OF VV VENKATAM ENKATAM ENKATAM
MM MOUNTAINS OUNTAINS OUNTAINS!! !

Pat ht hivulAt hal Pat ht hivulAt hal Pat ht hivulAt hal
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Af t er Bhr ugu Mahar ishi visit ed Vaikunt ham t o t est as t o whom among t he
t hr imur t hys is t he Supr eme Being and kicked Sr I man Naar aayanan in t he chest
as a par t of t hat t est , Mahaa Lakshmi got of f ended and lef t Vaikunt am and
went t o Kolhapur (Kar aveer a St halam). Our Lor d was dej ect ed and He lef t
Vaikunt am as well and ar r ived at t he banks of Svar namukhar i r iver at
Thir umalaa t o per f or m t apas t o r eunit e wit h Mahaa Lakshmi.
Meanwhile Mahaa Lakshmi incar nat ed as t he daught er of Akaasa r aaj an, king
of ThoNdimandalam. The name Padhmaavat hi was given t o her since She
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54
appear ed on a lot us. She gr ew up t o be a beaut if ul maiden. One day Lor d
Sr inivasa t ook on t he r ole of a hunt er and r ode on His hor se chasing an
elephant in t he wild f or est . Lor d Sr inivAsan r oamed in t he f oot hills of
Venkat am Mount ains f or hunt ing and gained t he name of “Gir i kunj a Vihaar an",
at t he end of His pur posef ul r oamings, He ent er ed t he spor t ing gr ounds of
pr incess Padhmaavat hi dur ing t his r oaming. Rest is hist or y leading up t o
Padmaavat hi Kalyaanam.
















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(9T4P ) r|¹¬-7+ ¬l×-ã F4l|P+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Har icandana gOt r Endr a SwaminE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF THE THE THE VV VENKATA ENKATA ENKATA HH HILLS ILLS ILLS FULL FULL FULL OF OF OF
HH HARICHANDANA ARICHANDANA ARICHANDANA TREES TREES TREES AND AND AND IS IS IS THE THE THE KING KING KING OF OF OF THOSE THOSE THOSE TREES TREES TREES , , , WHEN WHEN WHEN IT IT IT COMES COMES COMES TO TO TO GRANTING GRANTING GRANTING
ALL ALL ALL THE THE THE BOONS BOONS BOONS TO TO TO BHAKTH BHAKTH BHAKTHAA ASS S ! ! !

Kar paga Vir uksha Sevai Kar paga Vir uksha Sevai Kar paga Vir uksha Sevai- - - - - - Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Ther e ar e f ive Kalpa Vr ikshaas, t he last of which is t he Har ichandana. The
Kalpa Vr iksha is capable of sat isf ying t he desir es of all t hose who pr ay t o it .
All t r ees on t hese Hills belong t o t his cat egor y and gr ant t he wishes of
devot ees who desir e t he same. These Har ichandana t r ees acquir e t his
munif icent t r ait due t o t he Lor d' s will. I f t he t r ees on Tir umala t hemselves
NAMA 17 NAMA 17 NAMA 17
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56
ar e capable of such gener osit y, should we have any doubt s about t he
gener osit y (Oudaar yam) of Malayappa Swamy? Anot her int er pr et at ion of t his
t ir unaama would be t o divide t he wor d int o, "Har ichandanascha asou
Got r endr a Swami cha", in which case t he appellat ion would r ef er t o Sr inivasa,
who is Himself a Har ichandanam (Swami Desikan t oo descr ibes t he Lor d as a
Har ichandana t r ee, ar ound which is t wined t he cr eeper of Sr i Andal--"Sr i
Rangar aj a Har ichandana Yoga dr isyaam"). Since He is t he most munif icent of
giver s, sat isf ying each and ever y desir e of all mor t als seeking Him out , He is
r ef er r ed t o as a Har ichandana t r ee.
TT THE HE HE WORD WORD WORD GG GOTRENDRAANAAM OTRENDRAANAAM OTRENDRAANAAM
Swami indicat es t hat Sr inivasa is t he Lor d of Hills, which t he Vedas t oo
conf ir m t hus:
"Vishnu: par vat aanaam adhipat i: sa: maa avat u".
Anot her comment is t hat Lor d Venkat Esa is t he Lor d of t hose bor n in t he
Har ichandana gOt hr am.
Got hr am means r ace, lineage. Kousika, Vaat hUla, Sr i Vat hsa gOt hr ams ar e
f amiliar f or sent ient s (chEt hanams). For insent ient s (achEt hanams) also,
dif f er ent lineages can be t r aced and at t r ibut ed. Thus, we r ecognize t hat
Sr I Venkat Esan is also t he Supr eme Lor d of all achet hanams as well as t he
ChEt hanams. Har ichandanam is one of t he f ive divine t r ees f ound in
DevalOkam. The ot her s ar e MandAr am, Paar ij At ham, Kalpakam and
Sant hAnam.


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(9T4P ) HŒ¹l=-4 +×l± |494l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankha Raaj anya nEt r aabj a vishayaaya Sr I VenkTesAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO MADE MADE MADE HH HIMSELF IMSELF IMSELF VISIBLE VISIBLE VISIBLE TO TO TO THE THE THE LOTUS LOTUS LOTUS-- -EYED EYED EYED SS SHANKHA HANKHA HANKHA
RR RAJA AJA AJA

Sr I BalAj i Sr I BalAj i Sr I BalAj i -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This Shankha Raj a' s t ale is det ailed in t he Vamana Pur ana. This pr ince of t he
Hehaya dynast y, like Sr i Pr ahlada, was blessed wit h Vishnu bhakt i since bir t h
and year ned f or a glor ious glimpse of t he Lor d in per son. Af t er he became t he
king, Shankha per f or med numer ous yaagaas t o wor ship t he Lor d, wit h t he
specif ic obj ect ive of having His dar shan.
When he despair ed of ever get t ing t o see t he Lor d, a voice f r om t he sky t old
him t o go t o Tir umala Hills and t o per f or m penance f or a t housand year s on t he
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58
banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini. Over j oyed at t he pr ospect of seeing t he Lor d,
even if it meant long and har d penance, Shankha complied wit h t he inst r uct ions
implicit ly.
At t he end of t hese t en long cent ur ies of penance, Shankha was r ewar ded wit h
t he magnif icent spect acle of t he Lor d in per son and his eyes became big, br oad
and lot us-like at t he glor ious sight . He r ef used t o ask f or a boon even when
pr ompt ed by t he Lor d, consider ing t he lat t er ' s dar shan t o have been an
admir able end in it self . However , Sr inivasa t old Shankha t hat t he lat t er would
ascend t o Svar ga loka and spend t ime t her e j oyously, t ill t he end of t his Kalpa.





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(9T4P ) 4B9|¹¬¹ ×l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(pr aNavam) vasoo- par icar a t r aat r e Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO SAVED SAVED SAVED THE THE THE RENOWNED RENOWNED RENOWNED VV VASU ASU ASU CALLED CALLED CALLED UU UPARICHARA PARICHARA PARICHARA! ! !

Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan- - - - - - Ahobila Mut t Ahobila Mut t Ahobila Mut t
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Vamana Pur ana t ells us about t his Vasu named Upar ichar a, who was an
ext r emely pious, well-r ead king, whose devot ion t o Sr i Kr ishna was
unpar alleled. Once, due t o his er udit ion, he was appr oached by Devas and Rishis
t o mediat e in t heir disput e as t o whet her t he of f er ing in a Yagya should be an
act ual cow or one made of f lour . When t he King r uled in f avour of t he Devas
wit hout adequat e scr ipt ur al suppor t f or t he same, Rishis wer e anger ed and
NAMA 19 NAMA 19 NAMA 19
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60
cur sed him t o be consigned t o t he Paat aala loka. Despit e his miser able soj our n
in t he Paat aala, t he king cont inued his blissf ul cont emplat ion of Sr i Kr ishna.
The ot her Rakshasa r esident s of Paat aala Loka st ar t ed t or t ur ing t he king due
t o his pious pur suit s. The Lor d, who never t oler at es insult or inj ur y t o His t r ue
devot ees, dispat ched t he Sudar sana Chakr a t o dest r oy t he t or ment ing asur as,
t hus saving t he king f r om sur e deat h, and br ought t he king t o ear t h, r e-
est ablishing him in his f or mer post ion of r oyalt y.
I t is t his Upar ichar a Vasu who was lat er bor n as t he Shankha Raj a, whose
hist or y was r ecount ed in t he cont ext of t he 18t h t ir unaama.
Anot her possible int er pr et at ion of t he meaning of t his naama out side t he
St hala pur aanam cont ext would be: Salut at ions t o Lor d Venkat Esa, who of f er s
pr ot ect ion t o t he at t endant s of t he eight (asht a) Vasus (spher es of
exist ence). The eight Vasus ar e:
1. Fir e,
2. Ear t h,
3. Wind,
4. At mospher e,
5. Sun,
6. Sky,
7. Moon and
8. St ar s.
Asht a Vasus ar e wor shipped t o gain wealt h. The power behind t hem is of
cour se Lor d Venkat Esa.
Vasu in t he Vedic par lance means wealt h as well as t he good. This name can also
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be int er pr et ed t o mean t hat Lor d Venkat esa is t he pr ot ect or of all linked t o
His devot ees (Bhagavat hAs).
I n t he cont ext of wealt h being one meaning f or Vasu, t his wor d Vasu also
st ands f or Kuber a. Lor d Venkat Esa is t hen consider ed as t he pr ot ect or of t he
ser vant s of Kuber a such as Nalagr eeva and Manikoopur aa.














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"Maam Ekam Char aNam Vr aj a" "Maam Ekam Char aNam Vr aj a" "Maam Ekam Char aNam Vr aj a"
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(9T4P ) T!Tl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kr ishNaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO SPORTED SPORTED SPORTED AA A DARK DARK DARK COMPLEXION COMPLEXION COMPLEXION DURING DURING DURING
KR KR KRII ISS SHH HNA NA NAVAT VAT VATAA ARAM RAM RAM
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Dur ing t he Kr ishnavat ar am, t he Lor d spor t ed a dar k complexion, ear ning Him
t he sobr iquet ,"Kr ishna:” I t is f r om t he unpar alleled beaut y of t his Kr ishna
t hat t he saying "Black is Beaut if ul" emanat ed per haps. Though black is nor mally
consider ed inauspicious, t he Lor d' s complexion was an endear ing, enchant ing
and ent icing black, as could be seen by His univer sal appeal-r ight f r om babies
in ar ms t o Gopis known f or t heir beaut y t o har dened Mahar shis wer e at t r act ed
t o t he Lor d like t he pr over bial bees t o a honey-f illed f lower .
Azhwar s wax eloquent on t his complexionar y specialt y, descr ibing t he Lor d
var iously as :
"Kannan ennum kar um deivam"
"kar ia meni misai velia neer u sir ide idum per ia kola t adam Kannan"
The Lor d is not pit ch black, but of t he hue of r ain-bear ing clouds:
"megha shyaamam"
"neela mughil vannan"
"Aazhi mazhai kanna!" et c.
Sr i Andal says in a light er vein, f r om t he per spect ive of a Gopi who has been
st ood up by Sr i Kr ishna, t hat His hear t (inside) is as black as His body
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64
(out side) :
"pur am pol ullum kar iyaan".
The Lor d der ives t he name Kr ishna also f r om His unt ir ing ef f or t s t o
emancipat e souls bound by t he unbr eakable bonds of Kar ma. Like an et er nally
hopef ul f ar mer , who per sist s wit h cult ivat ion despit e any number of
disappoint ing yields, t he Lor d t oo never shut s down t he f act or y of Cr eat ion in
t he f ond hope t hat some at least of t he count less souls would t r ead t he pat h
of r ight eousness and r each Him.
Bhavishyot t ar a Pur ana consider s Tir uvenkat amudayaan ver ily as Sr i Kr ishna
Himself and equat es:
1. t he ant hill f r om which t he Lor d emer ged t o be Sr i Devaki,
2. t he Tamar ind t r ee at op it t o be Sr i Vasudeva,
3. Sr i Balar ama, avat aar a of Sr i Adisesha, as Seshaachalam,
4. t he hallowed hilly t er r ain of Tir umala as Mat hur a,
5. t he Swami Pushkar ini as Yamuna nat hi and
6. t he var ied f auna and f lor a of t he hills, which spend t heir lives in t he ser vice
of t he Lor d, as t he Gopa kanyaas.
I t is also not ewor t hy t hat t he Lor d of Tir uvenkat am point s t o His t ir uvadi wit h
His open r ight palm, symbolically indicat ing t he Bhagavat Git a dict um t o
sur r ender t o Him: "Maam Ekam shar anam vr aj a!” t her eby conf ir ming t hat
t his Lor d is indeed Sr i Kr ishna (Venkat a Kr ishnan) of t he kaliyuga.


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(9T4P ) H|-¤T-4l 9|¹!4± 4¬B ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) abdhi kanyaa par ishvakt a vakshasE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATAIONS ALUTATAIONS ALUTATAIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE BROAD BROAD BROAD AND AND AND BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL CHEST CHEST CHEST IS IS IS THE THE THE PERMANENT PERMANENT PERMANENT
ABODE ABODE ABODE OF OF OF SS SRR RI M I M I MAH AH AHA L A L A LAKSHMI AKSHMI AKSHMI

Sr I Padmavat hy ThAyAr Sr I Padmavat hy ThAyAr Sr I Padmavat hy ThAyAr -- - Thir uchAnUr Thir uchAnUr Thir uchAnUr
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The moment Sr i Mahalakshmi emer ged f r om t he Milky Ocean, due t o t he
chur ning of t he same by Devas and asur aas f or obt aining nect ar ; she r eached
her per manent abode, which is t he Lor d' s br oad and beaut if ul chest .
I n t he cont ext of Tir uvenkat amudayan, t his t ir unaama r ecount s t he episode of
Sr i Mahalakshmi leaving Sr i VaikuNTham in anger against t he Lor d' s meek
accept ance of Sage Bhr igu' s kick aimed at His chest , t he abode of t he Divine
Consor t . Sor r owf ul at t he separ at ion f r om Sr i Mahalakshmi, t he Lor d came
down t o ear t h, sear ched f or her high and low and, unable t o f ind her ,
NAMA 21 NAMA 21 NAMA 21
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per f or med penance f or 12 year s on t he banks of t he Suvar namukhar ee River .
Sr i Mahalakshmi emer ged at long last f r om t he Padma Sar as on a Kar t higa
Shukla Panchami day and gar landed t he Lor d wit h a "Kalhaar a" maalaa.
I mmediat ely she ascended t o His chest , r et ur ning t o her per manent r esidence.
The t wo slokams r ef er r ing t o Mahaa Lakshmi' s appear ance bef or e her lor d on
t he Kaar t higai Shukla Pancchami day and her j oining t he Lor d' s chest
r egion ar e given by Ut t hamur Swamy in his Sr i Venkat esa Kalyaana char it ham:
Saa panchamee panchaj anaabhinandhyaa Sa Kaar t hikasccha
kshapat har t hr aaseet h
Sahot t har aashaadamahar bhugost hat h mahot t har am mait hr avahasccha
mait hr a:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
I n t hat aar t hi naasaka (dist r ees r emoving) Kaar t higai mont h, on a Shukla
Panchami Fr iday, when t he Ut t haar ada const ellat ion was in ascendance and t he
muhoor t t ham was Mait hr am , Mahaa Lakshmi appear ed bef or e Her Lor d , who
was per f or ming t apas t o r eunit e wit h her .
dhr ugut hpalam pr aagat a Tasya vaksha: kalhaar a maalyena sugandhinaa
Saa
dhoor vaat ulasyut hpala- chit hr it hena svinnaangayasht i : samalankaar a
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Fir st Maahaa Lakshmi wit h t he glances of her s r esembling ut hpala pushpam
(kar uneyt hal f lower s) and next wit h her neck decor at ed wit h f r agr ant gar lands
made of Kalhaar a, r ed lot us at t ained t he sacr ed r egion of Her Lor d, which is
her wont ed r esidence.
This scene r eminds us of t he episode descr ibed ear lier , of Sr i Mahalakshmi,
emer ging f r om t he Milky Ocean, making st r aight f or t he Lor d' s chest ,
beaut if ully descr ibed by t he Vishnu Pur ana t hus:
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"pasyat aam sar va devaanaam yayou vakshast t halam Har e: ".
Addr essing t he Lor d of Tir uvenkat am, Sr i Nammazhwaar t ells us of t he
insepar able inhabit at ion of Tir umagal in t he Lor d' s chest :
“ agalakillen ir ayum enRu Alar mel mangai ur ai maar ba!".
At ever y available oppor t unit y, Azhwar s and Achar yas emphasise t he et er nal
cohabit at ion of t he Divine Duo:
"en Tir umagal ser maar bane"
"Malar mangai ur ai maar ban"
"Maamalar mannia mangai magizhndu ur ai maar binan"
"Poo mannu maadu por undiya maar ban" et c.
The pr act ical ut ilit y of such pr oximit y of t he Divine Mot her t o t he Lor d, as f ar
as we sinning mor t als ar e concer ned, is t hat She never per mit s Him t o be angr y
at our peccadilloes and r ushes t o our def ense and at t he slight est sign of His
displeasur e, int er cedes on our behalf even t o t he ext ent of r ecommending
emancipat ion, t hough we might be t ot ally undeser ving of t he same.









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(9T4P ) 4T³l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VenkaTAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA,, , WHO WHO WHO TAKES TAKES TAKES THE THE THE FORM FORM FORM OF OF OF VV VENKATAM ENKATAM ENKATAM HILLS HILLS HILLS TO TO TO BURN BURN BURN
AWAY AWAY AWAY TOTALLY TOTALLY TOTALLY THE THE THE ENTIRE ENTIRE ENTIRE ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY OF OF OF SINS SINS SINS OF OF OF HH HIS IS IS DEVOTEES DEVOTEES DEVOTEES JUST JUST JUST LIKE LIKE LIKE RAGING RAGING RAGING FIRE FIRE FIRE
DESTROYS DESTROYS DESTROYS COMPLETELY COMPLETELY COMPLETELY THE THE THE BALE BALE BALE OF OF OF COTTON COTTON COTTON THROWN THROWN THROWN IN IN IN TO TO TO IT IT IT.. .

Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar ) Malayappa SwAmy (Ut savar )-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The name Venkat am ar ises f r om t he union of “vEm" wit h” kat at hi”. VEm means
paapams (Sins) and kat at hi means dahat hi (bur ns).
The dar sanam of t he Lor d of t he seven hills in t he f or m of Venkat Adhr i
complet ely dest r oys t he bundles of sins accumulat ed by t he bound j eevans
(bhaddha j eevans) over eons. Ut t hamUr SwamigaL salut es t his name of
Venkat am t his way:
“ Agnist hUlamivAga yO dahat yaTa dadhAt hi cha
NAMA 22 NAMA 22 NAMA 22
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Nr uNAm amr ut ham I svar yam visisht am Venkat Achala: "
MM MEANING EANING EANING
J ust like f ir e bur ns away cot t on, t his hill on sight bur ns away one' s sins. I t also
conf er s Moksham and limit less wealt h (I svar yam).
I n anot her int er pr et at ion, vEmkAr m is associat ed wit h amr ut ha bheej am and
kat am is linked wit h I svar yam .The union of "vEm" wit h "kat am” leading up t o
Venkat am is t hen under st ood as t he hill t hat gr ant s Moksham and I svar yam.
Swamy Desikan visualizes t he Venkat am hills as t he embodiment of t he Lor d' s
mat chless DayA t o quench t he ills of scor ching f ir es of samsAr am.
Swamy Desikan per f or ms Sar aNAgat hy t o t hat hill of Venkat am it self in t he
ver y f ir st slOkam of his DayA Sat hakam.
"Pr apadhyE t amm Sr I nivAsa anukampA Gir im"
I t is ver y signif icant t hat t his t ir unaama occur s af t er t he one r ecount ing t he
Divine Consor t ' s et er nal associat ion wit h t he Lor d. I t is she who, t hr ough her
posit ive and per suasive r ecommendat ions, makes t he Lor d f or give our
innumer able misdeeds and bur n t hem away like r ubbish exposed t o r aging f ir e.
Thus, if t he Lor d is Venkat a: it is due t o His inalienable associat ion wit h Sr i.







70
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Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL-- - Thir u AllikENi Thir u AllikENi Thir u AllikENi
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(9T4P ) B+Tl|7 Prl4l|¬ 9|=6l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sanakaadi mahaa yogi pooj it aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED BY BY BY GREAT GREAT GREAT YY YOGIS OGIS OGIS LIKE LIKE LIKE SS SANAKA ANAKA ANAKA
RR RISHI ISHI ISHI! ! !
Comment s
Once Sanaka and his br ot her r ishis had a glor ious dar sanam of Lor d Venkat Esa.
They wer e moved by t he j oy of t hat anubhavam t hat led t hem t o cr eat e a
st hOt hr am, which is r ecount ed in t he 35t h Chapt er of Var aaha Pur anam . Not
only on t hat occasion, but also ever y day , t hese f our r ishis adulat e Lor d
Venkat esa. They also have a special place in Aagama shast r ams , wher e t hese
f our Mahar ishis ar e consecr at ed t hr ough pr at hisht ai along wit h t heir Lor d at
all t emples dur ing "t he Pushpa nyaasa dEvat ha" st age and vener at ed .
Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat hkumaar a, Sanat hsuj aat ha ar e t he f our sons bor n of
t he mind of (Maanasa put hr aas) Chat hur mukha Br ahman. They ar e Br ahma
J n~Anis. Kr ishna dhvaipayana Vyasa, who aut hor ed Br ahma Soot hr ams and
var ious pur aanams, lear nt Saast hr aas f r om Sanaka Mahar ishi. The scene in
which Sanaka and his br ot her s t aking bat h in Swamy Pushkar ani t o sanct if y
t heir bodies and ar r iving t her eaf t er wit h t heir f at her Br ahma, br ot her
Maheswar a t o wish an auspicious dawn t o Lor d Venkat esa is descr ibed in t he
14t h slokam of Sr i Venkat esa Supr abhaat ham.
Mahaa Yogis like Sanaka see t he Lor d r esiding in t heir hear t lot uses t hr ough
dhyaanam. They see Him as t he immanent in ever y ent it y t hat t her e is as t he
inner self (Sar vaant har yaamin). Such Mahaa Yogis per f or m Hr udh Yaagam or
Maanasa Pooj a t o t he Sar vaant har yaamin and medit at e upon t he dhivyaat hma
NAMA 23 NAMA 23 NAMA 23
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svar oopam of t he Lor d seat ed in t heir hear t lot us. They ar e qualif ied as
adhikaar is t o see t he Lor d t hr ough asht aanga yoga siddhi:
asht aanga yoga siddhaanaam hr udhyaaga- nir at haat hmanaam
yoginaam adhikaar asyaat h yekasmin hr udhayesaye
These Mahaa Yogis like Sanaka also r ecognize t hat t he ar chaa f or m
(consecr at ed vigr ahams) of t he Lor d as at Thir umala ar e t he most easily
accessible of t he f ive f or ms of t he Lor d ( Par am, Vyuham, Vibhava, ar chaa and
ant har yaami) and t her ef or e f lock t o Thir umala dur ing t he Supr abhaat ham t ime
t o enj oy t he soubhaagyam of t he Lor d' s dar sanam at t his holy hour .














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(9T4P ) 74|=t9PGl+-6 7t4 B=¤9Tl|H+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) devaj it pr amukha anant ha dait ya sangha pr aNaasine Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO DESTROYED DESTROYED DESTROYED HORDES HORDES HORDES OF OF OF ASURAAS ASURAAS ASURAAS, , , LED LED LED BY BY BY DD DEVAJIT EVAJIT EVAJIT! ! !

Sr I RAmA and SI t A wit h Sr i LakshmaNar Sr I RAmA and SI t A wit h Sr i LakshmaNar Sr I RAmA and SI t A wit h Sr i LakshmaNar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Thr ee br ot her s, bor n in t he lineage of t he dr eaded Hir anyaaksha (who was
killed by Sr i Var aha mur t hy), had obt ained gener ous boons and, as is nat ur al t o
t hem, st ar t ed t or ment ing Devas and Rishis alike. Devaj it , Mr it yuj it and
Shat r uj it wer e t hese t hr ee asuar aas. The aggr ieved Devas sought
r elief t hr ough Lor d Sr inivasa, who dispat ched His Commander -in-Chief Sr i
NAMA 24 NAMA 24 NAMA 24
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74

Vishvaksena t o deal wit h t he asur aas, who f ought f ier cely. Ult imat ely t hey
wer e dest r oyed by t he Nar ayanaast r am used by Sr i Vishvaksena.







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(9T4P ) H6 ãl9 4B-P± 9|=6l=œ|¤ 4 ¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Svet a dveepa vasan- mukt a pooj it aanghr i yugaaya Sr I
VenkaTesAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF VV VENKATA ENKATA ENKATA GG GIRI IRI IRI, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE SACRED SACRED SACRED FEET FEET FEET ARE ARE ARE WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED BY BY BY
THE THE THE LIBERATED LIBERATED LIBERATED JEEVANS JEEVANS JEEVANS RESIDING RESIDING RESIDING IN IN IN THE THE THE SS SVETHA VETHA VETHA DD DHVEEPAM HVEEPAM HVEEPAM! ! !

Sr I Balaj i Sr I Balaj i Sr I Balaj i-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Lor d Anir uddha is t he pr esiding deit y of Svet ha Dhvipam. The mukt ha j evans
(liber at ed souls) living t her e has t he good f or t une of wor shipping t he sacr ed
pair of t he f eet of Lor d Venkat esa in t he Anir uddha Vyuha manif est at ion.
Her e at t he Svet ha DhvI pam was bor n t he moving J it hant he st hOt hr am by t he
NAMA 25 NAMA 25 NAMA 25
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76
mukt ha j eevans of t he Svet ha dhvI pam .
Svet ha dhveepam is also t he sour ce f or t he whit e sacr ed clay wor n on t he
f or eheads and upper t or so of Sr I Vaishnavaas (DwAdasa Pundr a Dhaar aNam).


















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(9T4P ) H9 946-9t4 9TlH+9¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sesha par vat a r oopat va pr akaasana par aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya
nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVAASA RINIVAASA RINIVAASA WHO WHO WHO MADE MADE MADE AA ADISESHA DISESHA DISESHA ASSUME ASSUME ASSUME THE THE THE FORM FORM FORM OF OF OF AA A
SPLENDOROUS SPLENDOROUS SPLENDOROUS MOUNTAIN MOUNTAIN MOUNTAIN

OOr aganAt han OOr aganAt han OOr aganAt han-- - Thir u OOr agam (KAnchi) Thir u OOr agam (KAnchi) Thir u OOr agam (KAnchi)
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Br ahmaanda Pur aana t ells us how Adisesha, who is always t he Lor d' s abode
in Sr ivaikunt am, became f or t unat e enough t o host Him and His Consor t , on
ear t h t oo.
Once t he Lor d enquir ed of Sage Nar ada as t o which would be an ideal spot f or
Him t o r eside on t he ear t h along wit h Sr i Mahalakshmi. Sr i Nar ada immediat ely
t old t he Lor d of an idyllic locat ion on t he banks of t he Suvar namukhar ee River .
NAMA 26 NAMA 26 NAMA 26
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The Lor d t oo, keeping in mind t he f ut ur e need t o bless t he Chola Raj a, (det ails
nar r at ed under t he t ir unaama "Chola Put r a Pr iyaaya nama : ") t old Adisesha
t o assume t he f or m of a hill at t he spot ident if ied by Nar ada and t old t he
Ser pent King t hat He would make t he hill His pr ef er r ed abode. Thus was bor n
t he Seshaachalam, in which Sr inivasa r eigns r espelendent ly t ill dat e.
Thus Adisesha could f ur nish yet anot her demonst r at ion of His being a per f ect
Sesha or dist inguished slave of t he Lor d, per f ect ly f ulf illing Azhwar ' s
descr ipt ion of him:
ec[fbalf KAdyamf ;Rnftalf cigfkac[mamf ec[fbalf KAdyamf ;Rnftalf cigfkac[mamf
ni[fbalf mrvFyamf nIqf kdLmf ni[fbalf mrvFyamf nIqf kdLmf - -'[fBmf '[fBmf
p<^]yamf m]i viqkf kamf p>mfpdfdamf p<lf Kmf p<^]yamf m]i viqkf kamf p>mfpdfdamf p<lf Kmf
`^]yamf tiRmabf K `rv< `^]yamf tiRmabf K `rv<
cendr aal kudayaam ir undaal singaasanamaam
nindr aal mar avadiyaam neeL kadalum- endr um
puNnaiyaam maNi viLakkaam poompat t aam pulgum
aNaiyaam Tir umaar ku ar avu
- Mudal Thir uvandhat i, paasur am 53

Anot her ver sion, f r om t he Br ahmanda Pur aana, t ells us t hat af t er Adisesha
was per suaded t o give up his cont est against Vaayu, he per f or med penance,
seeking a bir t h as a holy hill on which t he Lor d would r eside f or ever . When t he
Lor d gr ant ed his wish, he t ook f or m as Seshaachalam and t he Lor d t oo obliged
by making it His pr ef er r ed abode on ear t h.


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(9T4P ) Bl+F¤l|96 6l÷4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Saanu st haapit a t aar kshyaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO ESTABLISHED ESTABLISHED ESTABLISHED SS SRI RI RI GG GARUDA ARUDA ARUDA IN IN IN THE THE THE HILL HILL HILL RANGES RANGES RANGES OF OF OF
TT TIRUMALA IRUMALA IRUMALA

Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL in Gar uda VAhanam Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL in Gar uda VAhanam Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL in Gar uda VAhanam-- - Thir uAllikENi Thir uAllikENi Thir uAllikENi
NAMA 27 NAMA 27 NAMA 27
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CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Sor r owed by t he Lor d' s separ at ion due t o His t aking up per manent abode at
Tir umala, Sr i Gar uda began t o cont emplat e r emoving t he Seshaachalam, along
wit h t he Lor d, and r et r anspor t ing it t o Vishnuloka. Amused at t his t hought ,
Sr inivasa summoned Gar uda and t old him of His (Lor d' s) int ent ion t o r eside at
Tir umala t ill t he end of t he Svet a Var aha Kalpa and advised Vainat eya t o t ake
up r esidence on t he sout her n par t of t he hill r ange, simult aneously inst r uct ing
Adisesha t o accomodat e Gar uda t oo, in t he f or m of t he Gar udaachalam, on his
(Adisesha' s) spacious back. Gar uda complied happily, j oyous at t he pr ospect of
r egaining pr oximit y wit h t he Lor d.
Anot her int r epr et at ion is t hat Gar uda at one t ime displayed his saat hvika
ahankaar am and inf or med t hat he was st r onger t han t he Lor d Himself . That
act of ahambhaavam led t o him (Gar udan) losing all his f eat her s. He became
f light less as well as ber ef t of having Vedaas as his limbs. He pr ayed t o Lor d
Venkat esa t o f or give his of f ense. Par ama dayaalu, Lor d Venkat esa
r eest ablished Gar uda' s er st while st at us and blessed him t o be His f lag and
vaahanam. This quar r el based on t he display of ego by Gar udan is said t o have
t aken place, when Gar udan was engaged in br inging nect ar f r om Devalokam t o
f r ee his mot her f r om bondage t o his st ep mot her (Swamy Desikan’s Gar uda
panchaasat h Slokams 3, 4 and 7).






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(9T4P ) 6l÷4l¬¬ |+4l|B+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t aar kshyAcala nivAsinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES IN IN IN TT TAARKSHY AARKSHY AARKSHYAA ACHALAM CHALAM CHALAM
(G (G (GARUD ARUD ARUDAA ACHALAM CHALAM CHALAM)! )! )!

Kal Gar udan Kal Gar udan Kal Gar udan-- - NAcchiAr KOil NAcchiAr KOil NAcchiAr KOil
NAMA 28 NAMA 28 NAMA 28
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CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Gar udan br ought t he Kir it Achalam hills f r om Sr I Vaikunt am and hence t he
name of Gar udAchalam/ Taar kshyAchalam is linked t o one of t he seven hills of
Thir umala. Taar kshyan is anot her name f or Gar udan.
Gar udan is t he embodiment of VedAs. All t he limbs of Gar udan ar e aspect s of
Vedam.
1. Gaayat hr a Saamam is Gar udan' s eyes.
2. His aat hma svar oopam is St hOma saamam.
3. His head is t hr ivr ut h saamam.
4. Br uhat h and r at hant har a saamam ar e His wings.
5. The mant hr ams of Yaj ur vedam ar e His names.
Veda bhaagams (por t ions) t hus const it ut e t he limbs of His body (Chandha
saamapar Am t anu: ). Ther ef or e t he sacr ed Gar uda Naamam wit h deep Vedic
signif icance is at t ached t o t he name of one of t he hills of Thir umala.
The Bhavishyot t har a pur anam f ur nishes t he deep meaning of t his naama by
r ef er r ing t o one of t he Rig veda mant hr ams connect ing t o Lor d Venkat esan :
"Ar aayi kaane vikat e gir im gacchat i t amm vidhu: "
This mant hr a t ells us t hat Venkat esan is indeed t he embodiment of all t he
Vedaas in Gar uda svar oopam and is t he per sonif icat ion of shr ut is.
Swamy Desikan t oo has t his t hought in mind, when he salut es Gar udaachalam
as:
“ Venkat a veRpenna viLangum Veda veRppE "
This is why Swamy Alavant haar t oo conf er s t he exalt ed t it le of "Vedaat hma
vihagEswar a: " t o Gar udan. This is what Achaar ya RaamAnuj a had in mind, when
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he salut ed Sr inivasan, t he Par abr ahmam, as t he et er nal f lame glowing on t he
t op t he Vedic peak:
"Shr ut i sir asi vidheept e Br ahmaNi Sr inivasE"










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(9T4P ) Pl4l¬7|4Pl+l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Maaya- gooDha vimAnAya VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE VIMAANAM VIMAANAM VIMAANAM IS IS IS HIDDEN HIDDEN HIDDEN IN IN IN VV VISHNU ISHNU ISHNU MAAYA MAAYA MAAYA! ! !

VimAnam VimAnam VimAnam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Though Rishis like Agast ya wer e r esiding f or long on t he banks of Swami
Pushkar ini, car r ying out t heir holy dut ies, t hey wer e uanble t o see t he Ananda
Vimaanam on t he sout her n banks of t he wat er s. When it became visible t o
t hem one f ine mor ning, t hey knew immediat ely t hat t he r eason t hey had not
been able t o see t he glor ious vimaanam t hus f ar , was t he Lor d' s maayaa.
For t welve long year s, t he Rishis wer e f or t unat e t o t ake a dip in t he
Pushkar ini, cont emplat e t he Asht aakshar a Mant r a and wor ship t he magnif icent
vimaanam. One day t he Vimaanam j ust disappear ed again, as myst er iously as it
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had mat er ialised. To his wonder st r uck colleagues, Sage Agast hya explains t he
t r ue post ion t hat t he Ananda Vimaanam had indeed been pr esent all along and
was st ill t her e, on t he sout her n banks of t he Pushakar ini. I t was due t o t he
Lor d' s inscr ut able will, His Maayaa t hat t he Vimaanam appear ed f or a br ief
per iod and t hen disappear ed equally inexplicably.
I t is t hus clear t hat in t he pr evious yugaas, t he sight of t he Ananda Vimaanam
was r eser ved f or t he elit e punyaat maas, t he pious and devout . I t is a measur e
of t he Lor d' s inf init e mer cy and compassion f or us t hat He has made t he
Vimaanam ever visible even t o t he impair ed vision of sinner s and of f ender s like
us, so t hat t he ver y sight of t he Vimaanam would lur e us f r om our er r ant ways
t o t r ead t he pat h of r ight eousness and ult imat ely r each t he Lor d t hr ough t he
adopt ion of an appr opr iat e st r at egy f or liber at ion, t hr ough an Achar ya.
The ot her int er pr et at ion f or t his naama is: “Salut at ions t o Lor d Venkat Esa,
who is pr esent in His VimAnam in a subt le manner !"
Lor d Venkat EsA' s vimAnam is known as Anandha nilaya (abode of Bliss)
VimAnam. We of f er our salut at ions f ir st t o t he Lor d pr esent in a discr et e
manner in t his VimAnam (VimAna Venkat Esan) bef or e we pr oceed t o
t he sanct um sanct or ium of Lor d Venkat Esan, wher e He is wait ing f or us in a
ver y visible manner .
I n t he VimAnam, bet ween t he kalasam and it s base (peet am), VimAna
Venkat Esan is pr esent in a discr et e manner . He is hence r ef er r ed t o as:
“ MaayA gooDa VimAnan"




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Gar uda VAhanam Gar uda VAhanam Gar uda VAhanam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi-- - Br ahmot savam Br ahmot savam Br ahmot savam
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(9T4P ) ¬67FT-¤4l|B+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Gar uDa Skandha- vaasine Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF VV VENKATAM ENKATAM ENKATAM HILLS HILLS HILLS, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES ON ON ON THE THE THE SHOLUDERS SHOLUDERS SHOLUDERS OF OF OF
GG GARUDAN ARUDAN ARUDAN! ! !
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
We have seen in t he explanat ions t o t he pr evious t ir unaamaas t hat t he Lor d
made Himself visible t o Shankha Raj a, Agast ya, and t he r esident s of
Svet adveepam, Br ahmaa and Rudr a, all of whom per f or med penance on t he
banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini. When t hese wor t hies saw t he Lor d, it was on
His glor ious seat , viz., and t he br oad and st r ong shoulder s of Pakshir aaj a
(Gar uda).
As alr eady indicat ed, Vainat eya is t he embodiment of all Vedas. The Lor d
using him as a vehicle is t o announce t hat He is indeed t he Par a Tat t vam, t he
ult imat e, supr eme Br ahman, f or it is t he Vedas which point out t o us t he
ident it y and char act er ist ics of t he Par amaat maa. Thus Gar uda, wit h t he Lor d
ensconced on his shoulder s and car r ying His holy t ir uvadi in his t wo palms,
appear s t o display pr oudly t o t he wor ld t he pr iceless t r easur e t hat he is
car r ying.
Gar udan is t he Vaahanam (vehicle f or t r anspor t ) f or Lor d Venkat Esan. He is
also t he vict or y banner (Vij aya dhvaj am) f or t he Lor d.
Because of His lof t iness among t he Bhakt hAs of t he Lor d, Gar udan is known as
"Per iya Thir uvadi" or t he f ir st among devot ees. Our Lor d r ushes f or pr ot ect ing
His devot ees in dist r ess like t he king of elephant s (Gaj Endhr an) on t he
NAMA 30 NAMA 30 NAMA 30
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88
shoulder s of Gar udan.
This naama r ef er s t o t he Gar uda Vaahana sEvai on t he f if t h day of
Br ahmOt hsavam, when t he Lor d of seven hills sit s beaut if ully on t he shoulder s
of Gar udan and t r avels ar ound t he f our veedhis of His t emple t own.
The Lor d wear s f or t hat one day, t he MahA Kant a Sahasr a naama necklace and
looks r esplendent . At t hat t ime, we salut e bot h Gar udan and His Lor d r iding on
t he shoulder s of Gar udan t his way:
Sr I Gar udAya Namas- Thubhyam sar va sar pEndhr a Chat hr avE
VaahanAya MahA VishNu Taar kshyAya amit ha t Ej asE
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Oh MahA Vishnu’s Vaahanam! Oh Taar kshyA! Our salut at ions t o you, t he enemy
of all of t he Snake kings and possessor of unlimit ed valor .
Gar udan is Sankar shaNa amsam and ser ves His Lor d in many ways. He is t he
vict or y-yielding banner (J ayant hee Vaij ayant hee) f or t he Lor d, who dest r oys
t he asur As in bat t le.
He is like t he vict or y-pr oducing char iot (Vij aya RaTa: ) in t he bat t les of t he
Lor d.
He is an indispensable help and t he Lor d does not need anyone else f or helping
Him in t he bat t les (NissahAya: SahAya: ).
Gar udan' s unique st at us in car r ying t he Lor d on His shoulder s as t he f ir st
among Vaahanams (Vaahana I ndhr a: ) is r evealed by t he choice wor ds of
Swamy Desikan t o salut e Gar udan:
"Thr idhAmna: Vaahana I ndhr a: ”
Sr I Venkat Esan is t he r esident of t hr ee places:
1. Milky Ocean,
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89

2. Soor ya Mandalam and
3. t he hear t lot uses of t he Yogis.
For t hat Lor d wit h t hr ee places of r esidence, Gar udan is t he Vaahana
I ndhr an.






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(9T4P ) H+-6|H¹B ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant a Sir asE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 31
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA WITH WITH WITH THOUSANDS THOUSANDS THOUSANDS OF OF OF HEADS HEADS HEADS DISPLAYED DISPLAYED DISPLAYED DURING DURING DURING HH HIS IS IS
VV VISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM TO TO TO AA ARJUNA RJUNA RJUNA, A , A , AGASTHYA GASTHYA GASTHYA (V (V (VAAMANA AAMANA AAMANA PP PURAANAM URAANAM URAANAM) ) ) AND AND AND
OTHER OTHER OTHER BHAKTHAAS BHAKTHAAS BHAKTHAAS!! ! TT THIS HIS HIS VV VISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM CONTAINED CONTAINED CONTAINED ALL ALL ALL THAT THAT THAT CONSTITUTED CONSTITUTED CONSTITUTED THE THE THE
INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE UNIVERSES UNIVERSES UNIVERSES AND AND AND GALAXIES GALAXIES GALAXIES AND AND AND SPORTED SPORTED SPORTED INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE HEADS HEADS HEADS, , , EYES EYES EYES AND AND AND
FEET FEET FEET.. .

Sr i Var adhar Aj an Sr i Var adhar Aj an Sr i Var adhar Aj an-- - Kanchipur am Kanchipur am Kanchipur am
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t ir unaamam is a dir ect der ivat ion f r om t he Pur usha Sukt a vaakya, :
"Sahasr a Seer sha Pur usha: ”
The wor d "Sahasr am" r ef er r ing t o innumer abilit y, r at her t han t o a mer e
t housand. All t he comment s made in r espect of :
NAMA 31 NAMA 31 NAMA 31
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91

"Anant a char anaya nama: Anant haakshaaya nama: ”
hold good f or t his naama t oo.
As if t o conf ir m t he Lor d' s innumer able heads, t he Nar ayana Anuvaakam t oo
says:
"Sahasr aseer sham Devam Visvaaksham Visvasambhuvam"
This is per haps what enables t he Lor d t o know immediat ely what ever t akes
place in any nook or cor ner of t he Univer se, as Sr i Nat hamuni r emar ks:
"Yo vet t i yugapat sar vam pr at yakshena sadaa svat a: "
The Vishnusahasr anama St ot r a t oo conf ir ms t hat t he Lor d has not mer ely
innumer able heads and f eet , but count less f or ms as well, t o go wit h t he f or mer
"anant a r oopa: "











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(9T4P ) H+-6l¬l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant AkshAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA OF OF OF VV VISVAROOPA ISVAROOPA ISVAROOPA FORM FORM FORM DISPLAYING DISPLAYING DISPLAYING THOUSANDS THOUSANDS THOUSANDS OF OF OF
EYES EYES EYES, , , WHICH WHICH WHICH STAND STAND STAND AS AS AS WITNESS WITNESS WITNESS TO TO TO ALL ALL ALL EVENTS EVENTS EVENTS HAPPENING HAPPENING HAPPENING IN IN IN THE THE THE WORLD WORLD WORLD (V (V (VISVA ISVA ISVA
SS SAAKSHI AAKSHI AAKSHI)! )! )!

Sr i Var adar Aj a Per umAL and Per umdEvi t hAyAr Sr i Var adar Aj a Per umAL and Per umdEvi t hAyAr Sr i Var adar Aj a Per umAL and Per umdEvi t hAyAr -- - Kanchipur am Kanchipur am Kanchipur am
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This was t he f or m t he Lor d wit h t housands of eyes displayed t o Ar j una dur ing
t he kur ukshet r a Yuddham, as also t o Agast ya, Br ahma and ot her s, who had
come t o wor ship Him at Tir umala.
I ndr a t oo is r epor t ed t o have a t housand eyes and is known as "Sahasr aaksha:”
However , t hese eyes wer e acquir ed due t o impr oper conduct t owar ds Gaut ama
Pat ni, Ahalya, and as a r esult of a cur se. Unlike t his, t he Lor d' s innumer able
eyes add lust r e and dist inct ion t o Him, gi ving t he beholder t he impr ession of a
t housand lot uses blooming simult aneously. it is t his beaut if ul f or m t hat t he
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Pur usha Sukt a ment ions, as:
"Sahasr a seer sha Pur usha: sahasr aaaksha: sahasr a paat ".
I t is t hese innumer able eyes, spr ead all over t he univer se, which enable t he
Lor d t o inst ant ly be awar e of what happens anywher e, says Sr i Nat hamuni:
"Yo vet t i yugapat sar vam pr at yakshena sadaa svat a: ".
Ther e can be absolut ely no secr et s f r om Him, anywher e, anyt ime. However ,
t he Upanishad t ells us t hat He can see wit hout eyes t oo, lest we mist ake Him
t o be dependant on physical f acult ies, like we mor t als ar e.
Lor d Venkat Esa has t housands of eyes, f eet , hands and heads as exper ienced
by Ar j una in t he bat t le f ield of Kur u KshEt hr am; t her e, t he Lor d gave him t he
divine eyes (dhivya chakshus) t o see His Visvar oopam (cosmic For m) .
These hundr eds upon t housands of f or ms wit h eyes and legs ar e descr ibed by
t he Lor d Himself as
“ RoopANi Sat hasOaTa Sahasr asa: "
MM MEANING EANING EANING
"My f or ms, which ar e hundr eds upon t housands and ar e t he f oundat ion of all ".
Lor d displays par t icular ly His innumer able f aces, each cont aining t wo eyes as :
"anEka vakt hr a- nayanana anEkAdhbhut ha dar sanam "
Ar j unA r esponds wit h wonder ment at t his ext r aor dinar y sight of t he Lor d in
Univer sal f or m t his way:
H+T4lr7¹41×+× 974l|P t4l B46l5+-6-9P·
+l-6 + P\4 9+F64l|7 974l|P |474H¹ |4H-9+
anEka bAhu udhar a vakt r a nEt r am
pasyAmi t vAm Sar vat Oanant a r oopam |
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nAnt am na madhyam na punast avAdim
pasyAmi VisvEswar a Visvar oopam | |
- Bhagavat Git a, 13: 16
MM MEANING EANING EANING
“Wit h innumer able ar ms, st omachs, mout hs and EYES (anant hAkshan), I
wit ness your inf init e f or m on ever y side. I see no end, no middle nor t he
beginning t oo of Thy f or m. O Lor d of t he Univer se! O You of Univer sal For m”







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(9T4P ) H+-6¬¹Tl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant a char aNAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO HAS HAS HAS INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE INNUMERABLE FEET FEET FEET.. .

Nam Per umAL Nam Per umAL Nam Per umAL-- - Sr i Rangam Sr i Rangam Sr i Rangam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d has innumer able f eet , as t he Pur usha Sukt a at t est s:
"Sahasr aser shaa Pur usha: Sahasr aaksha: sahasr a paat ".
Though "Sahasr am" lit er ally means a t housand, her e it should be int er pr et ed
f igur at ively, t o denot e count lessness. The Lor d' s possession of t housands of
f eet is symbolic of His speed and f acilit y of movement , t hough, r eally speaking,
He doesn' t need legs t o walk or r un, nor eyes t o see or ear s t o hear , as do we
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96
mundane mor t als, says t he Upanishad:
"apaani paado j avano gr iheet aa pasyat i achakshu: sa shr unot i akar na: "
The Lor d has f eet , hands, and eyes and ear s ever ywher e:
"Sar vat a: paani paadam t at sar vat okshi shir o mukham".
The Nar ayanopanishad t oo conf ir ms t his:
"Visvat a: chakshu: ut a visvat o mukho visvat o hast a: ut a visvat a: paat "
Since t he ent ir e Univer se f or ms t he Lor d' s sar eer am accor ding t o t he
Visisht aadvait a Philosophy, it is no cont r adict ion t o say t hat t he Lor d has f eet
ever ywher e.













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(9T4P ) ~lH¬|+¬4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr isaila nilayaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES IN IN IN THE THE THE HALLOWED HALLOWED HALLOWED HILL HILL HILL KNOWN KNOWN KNOWN AS AS AS SS SRI RI RI SS SAILAM AILAM AILAM

Guhai Nar asimhar Guhai Nar asimhar Guhai Nar asimhar -- - Kanchipur am Kanchipur am Kanchipur am
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Tir uvenkat am is also known as "Sr i Sailam", because it is conf er s all bount ies
on seeker s. Addit ionally, since t he Goddess of wealt h r esides per manent ly in
t his hill, t hat t oo on t he chest of Sr inivasa, Sr isailam is an apt appellat ion f or
t he mount ain.
"Tir umalai" is an exact Tamizh t r anslat ion of t he wor d Sr isailam and hence in
Sr i Vaishnava sampr adaaya, t he abode of Sr i Venkat esa is known as Tir umalai
and is count ed among t he t hr ee pr incipal abodes of t he Lor d which ar e t o be
NAMA 34 NAMA 34 NAMA 34
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vener at ed by ever yone:
1. "Koil"-- r ef er r ing t o Sr ir angam,
2. "Tir umalai"-- indicat ing Sr isailam or Venkat am and
3. "Per umal Koil"-- meaning Kancheepur am
The Achar ya who t aught Sr imad Ramayana t o Sr i Ramanuj a was a vener at ed
r esident of t hese hills and was known as "Tir umalai nambi" or "Sr isaila Poor na".
All t he af or esaid is summar ized in t his Var aha Pur ana sloka:
"Sr ee pr adat vaat , Sr iyO vaasaat shabda shakt yaa cha yogat a:
Roodyaa Sr isaila it yevam naamachaasya gir e: abhoot h"
Thus bot h et ymologically and as a specif ic wor d, Sr isailam connot es
Venkat aachalam.










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(9T4P ) 7lPl7¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) daamOdar aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO ALLOWED ALLOWED ALLOWED HIMSELF HIMSELF HIMSELF TO TO TO BE BE BE TIED TIED TIED BY BY BY AA A ROPE ROPE ROPE TO TO TO AA A MORTAR MORTAR MORTAR

Sr i Veer a RAghava PEr umAL Sr i Veer a RAghava PEr umAL Sr i Veer a RAghava PEr umAL- - - - - - Thir uVallUr Thir uVallUr Thir uVallUr
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d is t he epit ome of accessibilit y ("Soulabhyam"), wit h t he r ar e vir t ue
of moving wit h mor t als as one among t hem ("Souseelyam"), despit e His
exalt ed st at ur e and our own ext r emely base nat ur es. The best demonst r at ion
of t hese t r ait s was in t he Kr ishnavat ar a, when Sr i Kr ishna per mit t ed Himself
t o be t ied up wit h a mer e r ope. I magine! The Supr eme Being, inaccessible even
t o exalt ed Celest ials, being t ied up by a mer e cowher dess! This is what gave
NAMA 35 NAMA 35 NAMA 35
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100
t he Lor d t he t iur naamam, "Damodar a".
Sr i Madhur akavi says t hat it was not Sr i Yasoda who t ied up lit t le Kr ishna-it
was t he Lor d who helped her t ie Him up, enj oying t he r ar e r ole of
submissiveness. He never get s t o play at Par adise:
"kaNNi nuNN sir u t haambinaal kat t uNNa paNNiya per u Maayan".
And we ar e t old t hat playing t he r ole t o t he hilt , Sr i Kr ishna looked at Yasoda
wit h pit if ul eyes br imming wit h t ear s of self -pit y and made lar ger t han usual
due t o f r ight . Sr i Nammazhwar mar vels at t his ext r emely endear ing t r ait :
"et t hir am ur alinodu inaindu ir undu yEngiya yeLivE!"
This naama is t he t welf t h and f inal of t he hallowed names of t he Lor d, which
ar e ut t er ed dur ing t he pur if icat or y r it ual known as "Achamanam".
Sr i Nammazhwar t ells us t hat t his Damodar an is t he Mat chless
Par amapur usha:
"Damodar anai t ani mudalvanai".
And His glor y is immeasur able;
"Aamo t ar am ar iya!"
And it is ext r emely signif icant t hat Sr i Nammazhwar ment ions t he Lor d of
Venkat am in connect ion wit h t he Damodar a naama, appar ent ly t elling us t hat
Damodar a is indeed Sr inivasa:
"Venkat a nal veRppan, Visumbor pir aan ent hai DamOdar anE".
This Lor d holds f our deadly r opes (paasams) in His hands as weapons and has a
complexion like t hat of a r ising Sun:
Damodar am chat ushpaasam indr akopa nibham bhaj e!

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(9T4P ) +l¬P¤|+¬l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neelamegha nibhaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESEMBLES RESEMBLES RESEMBLES IN IN IN HUE HUE HUE AA A DARK DARK DARK, , , RAIN RAIN RAIN-- -BEARING BEARING BEARING CLOUD CLOUD CLOUD.. .

Sr I RanganAt har Sr I RanganAt har Sr I RanganAt har -- - AhObila Mut t AhObila Mut t AhObila Mut t
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d may spor t many hues in His avat ar as, but His nat ur al colour is black,
t he Scr ipt ur e t ells us. This is no or dinar y and unseemly black, but a beaut if ul
black, t hat of dar k, r ain-bear ing clouds, says t he Scr ipt ur e t ime and again.
Ref er f or inst ance:
1. t he Vishnu sahasr anama st ot r a, which says, "megha shyaamam",
NAMA 36 NAMA 36 NAMA 36
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102
2. t he Kr ishnaasht akam which descr ibes Him as "neela j eemoot a sannibham",
3. Sr i Andal who per ceives Him t o be "Aazhi mazhai Kanna!"
4. "Mugil ur uvam em adigal ur uvam" (Sr i Kalian) et c
While t her e ar e any number s of black t hings in t he wor ld, why choose t he
cloud f or a simile? Because t he Lor d shar es not only t he color of such clouds,
He is also ext r emely munif icent , shower ing upon us all t hat we seek. J ust as
t he cloud pr ecipit at es r ain whet her or not we seek, t he Lor d t oo endows us
wit h all t hat is good f or us, wit hout even being asked f or t he same.
J ust as a r ain-bear ing cloud is t he ver y symbol of our sust enance, lif e being
impossible wit hout wat er , t he Lor d t oo is t he sole sour ce of suppor t and
sust enance f or all f or ms of lif e.
J ust as t he cloud pr ecipit at es r ain when it comes int o cont act wit h a mount ain
peak, t he Lor d t oo shower s His boundless Mer cy on us, whenever an Achar ya
beseeches Him on our behalf .








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103


(9T4P ) ¤Ol|774T7H|4H-9l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) br ahmAdi deva dur dar sa visvar oopaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO’’ ’SS S VV VISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM ISVAROOPAM, , , COULD COULD COULD NOT NOT NOT BE BE BE WITNESSED WITNESSED WITNESSED EVEN EVEN EVEN
BY BY BY DEITIES DEITIES DEITIES LIKE LIKE LIKE BB BRAHMAA RAHMAA RAHMAA!! !

Thir u TheLLiya Singam Thir u TheLLiya Singam Thir u TheLLiya Singam- - - - - - Thir u AlliKENi Thir u AlliKENi Thir u AlliKENi
NAMA 37 NAMA 37 NAMA 37
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104
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d' s Visvar oopam was indicat ed by t he t hr ee naamaas:
1. Anant a sir ase Nama:
2. Anant aakshaaya Nama: and
3. Anant a char anaaya Nama:
The pr esent sacr ed name t ells us t hat t his Visvar oopam is so glor ious, so
magnif icent , so br illiant and so huge, as t o bewilder even exalt ed deit ies like
t he Chat ur mukha Br ahma, who r eside in close pr oximit y t o t he Lor d, in t he
lot us r ising f r om His navel.
When t hey f ound t he ent ir e univer se f or ming but a minuscule par t of t he
Lor d' s visvar oopa t ir umeni, Br ahmaa and ot her s wer e almost blinded by t he
Lor d' s br illiance and t ej as, bewilder ed by t he var iet y and vividness of lif e
f or ms f ound in His colossal f or m and f r ight ened by t he hit her t o unseen and
unhear d of colossus who t ower ed above t hem. This is descr ibed in t he
f ollowing sloka f r om Vamana Pur ana:
"YEt e sar ve Har e: t asya r oopam par a pur anj ayam
Dr asht um Na shaknuvan net r ai: t ej asaa t asya t aapit aa: ”
This is t he same Visvar oopam which Ar j una t oo f ound impossible t o see and
absor b f ully, despit e t he Lor d blessing him wit h divine eyes:
"divyam dadhaami t e chakshu: ”
The Lor d' s Cosmic For m is of such br illiance, splendor and magnif icence t hat
none wit h or dinar y eyes made of f lesh and blood, like Br ahmaa, Rudr aa or
ot her mor t als, is capable of having even a glimpse of t he same.
Sr i Kr ishna Himself r eveals t his in t he Git a:
"na t u maam sakyase dr asht um anenaiva chakshushaa
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105

Divyam dadhaami t e chakshu: pasya me yogam isvar am"
MM MEANING EANING EANING
"Ar j una! Your mundane eyes ar e incapable of absor bing t he glor y of My
Visvar oopam. I shall pr ovide you wit h divine eyes, so t hat you ar e enabled t o
see me in all my splendour "
Hence it is only t hose by whom t he Lor d wishes t o be seen in all His
magnif icence, who ar e f or t unat e indeed t o be blessed wit h t he sight and
ot her s, however exalt ed, ar e denied t he pr ivilege, whet her t hey be Br ahma,
Rudr a, or I ndr a.
Thus, while Rudr a and Br ahma couldn' t see t he Lor d even af t er millennia of
har d penance, t he ver y same elusive Par amat ma came r ushing per sonally t o
save and was seen by, a mer e elephant , says Sr i Tondar adippodi Azhwar in
Tir umaalai-paasur am 44
ep]f }lamf cAdyi[a{mf * pirm{mf u[f^[kf ka]fpa[f * ep]f }lamf cAdyi[a{mf * pirm{mf u[f^[kf ka]fpa[f *
']f ]ila v>zi y>zi * tvwfecyftaaf evqfki nibfp * ']f ]ila v>zi y>zi * tvwfecyftaaf evqfki nibfp *
vi]f}qaaf viypfp vnfT * ~^[kfK `[fB `R^q :nft vi]f}qaaf viypfp vnfT * ~^[kfK `[fB `R^q :nft- -
k]f]ba * u[f^[ ey[fE[a * k^qk]akf kRT maEb k]f]ba * u[f^[ ey[fE[a * k^qk]akf kRT maEb
PeNNulaam sadaiyinaanum Pir amanum unnaik kaanbaan
eNNilaa oozhi oozhi t avam seidaar velgi niRpa
viNNulaar viyappa vandu Anaikku andr u ar ulai eenda
Kannar aa! unnai yenno kalai kanaak kar udum aar e



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106

(9T4P ) 4T…'ól¬6 B&P |4Pl+l-6¬6l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VaikuNThaagat a saddhEma vimaana ant ar gat aaya Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama:
TT THE HE HE GLORY GLORY GLORY OF OF OF THE THE THE AA ANANDA NANDA NANDA VV VIMANAM IMANAM IMANAM WAS WAS WAS DESCRIBED DESCRIBED DESCRIBED BY BY BY THE THE THE 29 29 29TH TH TH NAMA NAMA NAMA-- - "" "MAAYAA MAAYAA MAAYAA
GOODA GOODA GOODA VIMAANAAYA VIMAANAAYA VIMAANAAYA NN NAMA AMA AMA:” T :” T :” THE HE HE SAME SAME SAME IS IS IS ELABORATED ELABORATED ELABORATED IN IN IN THIS THIS THIS NAMA NAMA NAMA. . .

Ananda Nilaya VimAnA Ananda Nilaya VimAnA Ananda Nilaya VimAnA
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I t is t his golden vimaanam, which had ar r ived at Tir umala f r om Sr ivaikunt t am,
t hat Agast ya and ot her s f ound t o be appear ing and disappear ing myst er iously,
due t o t he Lor d' s Maya.
The Vaikhanasa Agama t ext s, like t he Mar eechi Vimana Ar chana Kalpam, t ell us
t hat t he t er m "Vimaana" r epr esent s t he Lor d Himself . All t he glor y t hat t he
Lor d has, at t aches t o t he Vimana t oo. This is because of t he Lor d' s benevolent
NAMA 38 NAMA 38 NAMA 38
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107

pr esence in t he duly consecr at ed Vimana. This is why t he Vimana it self , in any
sannidhi, is wor shipped by scholar s and t he devout , who r egar d it so sacr ed
t hat t hey don' t even st ep over it s shadow. When t his is t he exalt ed place
accor ded t o Vimanas at all t emples, need we speak of t he magnif icence and
glor y of t he Ananda nilaya Vimana, which was t r anspor t ed t o Tir umala st r aight
f r om Par amapadam?
The Vamana Pur ana ext olls t he glor y of t his Vimana--
' Vimanam sar va paapagnam sar va lokeshu vishr ut am
Apr aakr it am anaadyant am Vaikunt t at aagat am mahat "
This ver y Vimanam, which is r enowned in all wor lds, is ext r a-t er r est r ial and
wit hout a beginning and an end, is capable of compr ehensively dest r oying all our
sins, says t he sloka.
The wor d Vimanam can be br oken int o "Visisht a maanam", meaning t he most
exalt ed of all aut hor it y (Pr amaanam), since it r eveals t o us t he most
magnif icent of all t hings t o be known (Pr ameyam), viz., t he Lor d.









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108

(9T4P ) H¬Ft4l-4|¤6l H9 =+†¹¬l¬¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) agast yAbhyar t hit aa sEsha j ana- dhr ug gOcar Aya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESPONDED RESPONDED RESPONDED TO TO TO THE THE THE APPEAL APPEAL APPEAL OF OF OF SAGE SAGE SAGE AGASTHYA AGASTHYA AGASTHYA
TO TO TO BECOME BECOME BECOME VISIBLE VISIBLE VISIBLE TO TO TO THE THE THE EYES EYES EYES OF OF OF ALL ALL ALL OF OF OF HIS HIS HIS DEVOTEES DEVOTEES DEVOTEES! ! !

PadmAvat hy KalyANam PadmAvat hy KalyANam PadmAvat hy KalyANam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
When MahA Lakshmi lef t Sr I Vaikunt am over t he apachAr am of Sage Bhr igu,
She lef t f or Paat hALa lOkam and was wor shipped t her e by Sage Kapila; lat er
She ar r ived at Kolhapur in moder n day Mahar Asht r a and was wor shipped t her e
wit h ador at ion by Sage Agast hya. BhagavAn ar r ived at KolhApur and hear d t he
celest ial voice t her e suggest ing t o Him t o do penance at Svar Namukhar i r iver
banks f or t he bhaagyam of r eunion wit h His divine consor t . Agast hyar moved
NAMA 39 NAMA 39 NAMA 39
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109

t o t he banks of Swamy Pushkar iNi t o be near Lor d Sr I nivasan and MahA
Lakshmi.
At Thir umala, Lor d Sr inivAsan' s vimAnam was not easily visible due t o His
Vishnu Maaya:
Maayaa gooda vimaanAya Sr I Venkat Esaaya Nama:
Devout sages wer e however able t o see t he VimAnam and t he Lor d inside but
or dinar y people not having t he power of penance could not see eit her t he
VimAnam of t he Lor d or t he Lor d inside t hat VimAnam.
Sage Agast hya r equest ed t he Lor d t o have compassion on all t he devot ees, who
climbed t he Thir uvengat am hills and t o bless t hem wit h t he dhivya dar sanam of
t he Lor d even if t hey did not have t he benef it of aust er e penance. Par ama
DayALu Lor d Sr inivAsan complied wit h t he r equest of Sage Agast hya and as a
r esult , He is visible f r om t hen on t o t he eyes of all devot ees and gr ant s t hem
t he boons t hat t hey r equest .









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(9T4P ) 4lB 7 4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaasudevaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES EVERYWHERE EVERYWHERE EVERYWHERE

Sr I Sr inivasar Sr I Sr inivasar Sr I Sr inivasar -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Once Sage Nar ada went t o Sr i Vaikunt am but was dismayed not t o f ind t he
Par amat ma t her e. When he appealed t o Br ahma f or guidance, t he lat t er t old
Nar ada t o go t o Nar ayana gir i, wher e t he Lor d had gone f or a pleasur able
soj our n. Nar ada did so and j oined Agast ya and ot her Rishis who wer e similar ly
sear ching f or t he Lor d. The t ale of t he Lor d showing Himself t o
t hese vener able r ishis has alr eady been r ecount ed elsewher e.
I n t his cont ext , Sr i Vamadeva Rishi t ells Sr i J anaka, (who t oo f er vent ly
desir ed t o see t he Lor d and t o f ind His abode) t hat Sr i Mahavishnu, in
accor dance wit h His t ir unaamam Vaasudeva, r esides at all places in
Nar ayanaadr i-in all caves, wat er f alls, holy wat er s, t r ees and bushes of t he
NAMA 40 NAMA 40 NAMA 40
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111

hallowed hills of Venkat am. He r esides t oo in t he f or m of all men, women,
childr en, deit ies, animals and bir ds t hat inhabit t his holy hill.
Hence any devot ee, who r esides in any nook or cr anny of t he glor ious Tir umala
hills and wor ships t he Lor d in any f or m, would def init ely be blessed by t he
Par amat ma Sr inivasa, who r esides ever ywher e as Vaasudeva, t r ue t o His name.
Anyt hing on t hese holy hills, be it sent ient or non-sent ient , is indeed t he Lor d
Himself and all inhabit ant s of Tir umala, sent ient or insent ient , conf er upon t he
wor shipper t he same blessing as does t he Lor d in His pr imor dial f or m.
The f ollowing slokas f r om t he Vamana Pur ana incor por at e, in beaut if ul wor ds,
what has been st at ed above:
"Nar ayana Gir ou asmin aast e Nar ayana: svayam
Guhaasu chaapi sar vaasu sar veshu shikhar eshu cha
Kandar eshu cha sar veshunir j har eshu subheshu cha
Bhagavan Devadevesha: sar vaasman gir i moor dhani
Naanaa vidhaani r oopaani bibhr at vihar at i svayam
Kvachit cha mr iga r oopena kvachit vr ikshaadi r oopat a:
Yat r a kut r a chit aaseena: t asmin divye mahaa gir i
Deva devam samaar aadhya ya upaasat e J anar danam
Kar ot i t asya saanidhyam Bhagavan Adhi hr it Har i: "
I f we wer e t o sear ch f or one single t ir unaamam and honour it as t he key name
among all t he 108, it would be t his Vasudeva naama, which is vener at ed by t he
Vedas, upanishads and Pur anas alike.


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(9T4P ) r¹4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) har ayE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
TT THIS HIS HIS IS IS IS ONE ONE ONE OF OF OF THE THE THE MOST MOST MOST POPULAR POPULAR POPULAR NAMES NAMES NAMES THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD SPORTS SPORTS SPORTS.. .

Malayappa Swamy Malayappa Swamy Malayappa Swamy-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The glor y of t his t ir unamam can be well under st ood f r om t he f act t hat all
Veda par ayanam (r ecit al) commences and concludes wit h t he int onat ion,
"Har i:Om", r evealing t he secr et t hat Har i is indeed t he beginning and end of all
Vedic wisdom.
The Scr ipt ur e t ells us t hat Har i is a dest r oyer :
NAMA 41 NAMA 41 NAMA 41
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"Har im har ant am anuyant i Deva: "
- - Tait t ir iya Ar anyakam
Har i annihilat es not only our sins but sinf ul t hought s t oo-
"Har i: har at i papani, dusht a chit t air api smr it a: "
J ust as a f ir e scor ches us whet her or not we know it s pr oper t ies, t he Har i
Nama t oo cleanses us of all wr ongdoing, whet her or not we ut t er it wit h f ull
r ealizat ion of it s pot ency or j ust as a j oke.
I n one of t he slokams cit ed wit h r espect t o Vaasudeva naama, t he Vaamana
pur aaNam t ells us t hat t he Lor d dest r oys all sins of His Bhakt haas:
DevadEvam Samaar Adhya ya upaasat E J anAr dhanam
kar Ot i asya saanidhyam Bhagavaan Adhi hr it Har i
Sr I nivaasa is also t he Par amaat hma, who at t hie end of t his kalpam dest r oys all
t hese wor lds and univer ses including exalt ed beings such as Br ahma, Rudr a et
al. He is hence known as Har i (t he dest r oyer ).
This Nama is consider ed so impor t ant t hat we ar e exhor t ed by Shast r as t o
ut t er it seven t imes t he moment we wake up in t he mor ning. Thus Har i Nama
sankeer t anam is supposed t o be t he ver y f ir st act we should engage in. That
t his is a hoar y pr act ice is at t est ed by Sr i Andal in Tir uppavai :
evqfqtftrvilf Tyilmrfnft vitfti[yf evqfqtftrvilf Tyilmrfnft vitfti[yf
uqfqtfT eka]fD M[ivrf kQmf EyakikQmf uqfqtfT eka]fD M[ivrf kQmf EyakikQmf
emqfq 'ZnfT `riey[fb Eprrvmf emqfq 'ZnfT `riey[fb Eprrvmf
uqfqmf p< KnfT Kqirf nfEtElaermf pavayf uqfqmf p< KnfT Kqirf nfEtElaermf pavayf
vellat hhu ar avil t uyil amar nda vit t hinai
ullat t hu kondu munivar galum yogigalum
Mella ezhundu ar i endr a per ar avam
ullam pugundu kulir ndelor empavai
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Like Sr i Rama, Sr i Kr ishna et c., Sr i Har i t oo is an avat ar a of t he Lor d, t aken
f or t he expr ess pur pose of pr oviding succor t o t he beleaguer ed elephant
Gaj endr a, who was being inexor ably pulled int o a pond by a cr ocodile. Thus Har i
is t he avat ar a who answer ed t he dist r ess call of t he elephant , addr essed t o
t he Pr imor dial Cause (Adimoolam).
The mer e ut t er ance of t his t ir unAmam conf er s upon t he devot ee such mer it ,
as could be ear ned t hr ough philant hr opic act s of unimaginable dimensions,
per f or med at puNya kshEt r As like VAr aNaasI , Kur ukshEt r am and
NaimishAr aNyam, says t he Scr ipt ur e.
VAr ANasyAm Kur ukshEt r E NaimishAr aNya Eva cha
dat t t am syAt t Ena yEnOkt am Har i: it i akshar a dvayam
Har i is a r enowned specialist in dest r oying all our ills, physical and ot her wise
and is t hus t he ult imat e in physicians, says Sage Vyasa:
"oushadham J ahnavi t oyam, vaidyo Nar ayano Har i: "
And what does Dr . Sr i Har i look like? J ust as we t hink of Sr i Rama always wit h
a bow at t he r eady, Sr i Kr ishna wit h a f lut e in His hands, does Sr i Har i have
some special f eat ur es?
Yes, says t he f ollowing sloka, descr ibing His glor ious f or m, r esplendant wit h:
1. an ar r ow,
2. a scept r e,
3. t he PAnchaj anya shankha,
4. t he magnif icent bow SAr nga,
5. a KEt aya t o war d of f opponent s' missiles and
6. t he magnif icent mace, KoumOdakI ,
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115

7. wit h one palm held up in t he comf or t ing abhaya mudr A, pr omising pr ot ect ion
t o all t hose who appr oach
Abibhr ANO r at hAngam shar am asim abhayam shankha chApou sakEt ou
Hast ai: koumOdakI m apyavat u Har i: asou amhasAm samhat Er na:
And it is t o t his Sr i Har i t hat Sr i Nammazhwar pays t he ult imat e t r ibut e, in
t he ver y last of his nect ar ine out pour ings in Tir uvaimozhi.
avA ar a soozh ar iyai ayanai ar anai alat t r i
avA at t r u veedu pet t r a Kur ugoor Sat akOpan sonna











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(9T4P ) 6l¤9¾T 4l|B+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t eer t ha pancaka vaasinE Sr I Venkat TsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO LIVES LIVES LIVES AMIDST AMIDST AMIDST FIVE FIVE FIVE MOST MOST MOST SACRED SACRED SACRED ASSEMBLIES ASSEMBLIES ASSEMBLIES OF OF OF
WATERS WATERS WATERS! ! !

Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The pr evious Nama, "Har aye Nama:” spoke about t he Lor d dest r oying t he sins
of devot ees. One of t he f or ms in which He does t his is det ailed in t his Nama.
The Lor d r esides in all t he punya t eer t t haas in Tir umala, cleansing devot ees
NAMA 42 NAMA 42 NAMA 42
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117

who have a dip, of all t heir accumulat ed paapams as well as washing away t heir
physical impur it ies.
Of t he innumer able holy wat er s on t hese hills, f ive ar e most impor t ant and
pr ovide succor and solace, mat er ial and spir it ual, t o bat her s belonging
r espect ively t o Br ahmana, Kshat r iya, Vysya, Shoodr a and Chandaala j aat is, as
r ecount ed by Sr i Vamadeva Rishi' s t o Sr i J anaka. These f ive punya t eer t t haas
(Teer t t ha Panchakam) ar e t he ones known as t he Panchanada t eer t ham, locat ed
t o t he west of t he Kapila t eer t t ham. Sr i Var ahamur t t hy r esides in all t hese
holy wat er s, pr oviding succour t o all who bat he in t hem.
Anot her explanat ion f or Theer t t ha Panchakam f ocuses on f ive special sacr ed
wat er s of Thir umala. Yes, t her e ar e indeed many sacr ed wat er s (Theer t hams)
in and ar ound Thir umala:
1. Swamy Pushkar aNi,
2. Akasaganga,
3. PaapavinAsam,
4. PaaNdava,
5. KumAr adhAr a,
6. Thumbhur u,
7. Raamakr ishNa,
8. Chakr a,
9. Vaikunt ha ,
10. Sesha Sit amma,
11. Pasupu,
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118
12. J aapali and
13. Sanaka-SanAdhana t heer t hams.
Among t hese many t heer t t hams, f ive ar e t he most f amous because of t heir
links t o t he dif f er ent annual bat hing ut hsavams (f est ivals) linked t o t he
Lor d. These ar e:
b Swamy Pushkar aNi, wher e MukkOt i DhwAdasi snAnam t akes place in
Maar ghazhi mont h
b KumAr adhAr a, wher e bat hing on Magha Pour Nami is sacr ed.
b Raamakr ishNa Theer t ham, wher e bat hing on Pushya Pour Nami is sacr ed
b Thumbhr u t heer t t ham, wher e snAnam on Phalguna Pour Nami is
r ecommended t o please t he Lor d.
b Chakr a Theer t t ham, wher e snAnam on Ksheer Abdhi DhwAdasi (Mont h of
Kaar t t hikai) is highly r ecommended.









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(9T4P ) 4lP74|94l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vaamadEva- pr iyAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
TT THIS HIS HIS NN NAMA AMA AMA COULD COULD COULD BE BE BE INTERPRETED INTERPRETED INTERPRETED IN IN IN THREE THREE THREE WAYS WAYS WAYS: : : SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS
DEAR DEAR DEAR TO TO TO SRI SRI SRI VAMADEVA VAMADEVA VAMADEVA MAHARISHI MAHARISHI MAHARISHI, , , THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD TO TO TO WHOM WHOM WHOM SRI SRI SRI VAMADEVA VAMADEVA VAMADEVA MAHARISHI MAHARISHI MAHARISHI IS IS IS
DEAR DEAR DEAR AND AND AND THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS VERY VERY VERY FOND FOND FOND OF OF OF VAMA VAMA VAMA MURTHY MURTHY MURTHY (( (SIVAN SIVAN SIVAN-- -RUDRAN RUDRAN RUDRAN)) )

Sr I NAr AyaNan Sr I NAr AyaNan Sr I NAr AyaNan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
1. Salut at ions t o t he Lor d, who is dear t o Sr i Vaamadeva Mahar shi
The Vaamana Pur ana t ells us t hat Sr i Vaamadeva per f or med penance f or a
hundr ed year s on Tir umala, in r esponse t o which a pleased Br ahma appear ed,
and in r esponse t o t he Rishi' s ar dent wish, r ecount ed t he glor ies of t he Swamy
Pushkar ini and it s splendor as t he inst ant pr ovider of all t hat is sought f r om it
NAMA 43 NAMA 43 NAMA 43
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120
by sincer e wor shipper s. Having hear d t he det ailed account , Sr i Vaamadeva' s
devot ion and love f or t he Lor d mult iplied manif old, making t he Lor d dear est t o
t he Rishi' s hear t .
2. Pr aise t o t he Lor d, t o whom Sr i Vamadeva is dear !
Sr i Kr ishna t ells us in t he Git a t hat He loves t he wise ones dear ly, as if t hey
ar e Himself :
"Gnaani t u aat maiva me mat am".
Hence Sr i Vaamadeva, who is indeed t he per sonif icat ion of wisdom, is
ext r emely dear t o t he Lor d. The incompar able wisdom of t his Mahar shi is
enshr ined in t he Br ahma Sut r as, which put him ahead of all t hose in t he know
of t hings:
"Shaast r a dr ishya t u upadesho Vaamadevavat ".
Sr i Vaamadeva comes in f or lavish pr aise by Sr i Ramanuj a t oo, in his Sr i
Bhashyam, t he enlight ening comment ar y on t he Br ahma Sut r as. Hence it is no
wonder t hat Sr i Vaamadeva, wit h his f ount of unblemished wisdom, is ver y
much dear t o t he Lor d' s hear t
3. Salut at ions t o t he Lor d Venkat Esa, who is ver y f ond of Vaama Deva
Moor t hy, one of t he f ive f or ms of Rudr a-Sivan!
b VaamadEva,
b SadhyOj j At ha,
b AghOr a,
b I saana and
b Tat hpur usha
r epr esent t he f ive aspect s of t he Pancha-mukha (Five-f aced) Sivan. Tant r a
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121

saast hr ams give a lot of det ails about t he Moor t hy lakshanam of Pancha Mukha
Sivan in gener al and Vaama Deva aspect in par t icular . Vaama Devan r epr esent s
t he element s of Fir e (Agni) among panchabhUt hams, t he sense of sight
(nEt hr am) and t he f eet (paadham) as or gans of act ion.
Vaama Deva Moor t hy f aces west and has r eddish hue. Vaama Deva der ives his
power and aut hor it y f r om Lor d Venkat Esa as His dear bhakt han. Rudr a-Sivan
of f er ed his Sar aNAgat hy t o Sr I man Naar AyaNa in t he f or m of Lor d
Nar asimha of Ahobilam pr esiding over one sect ion of t he Sr I Sailam Hills. Lor d
Venkat Esa r esides in anot her sect ion of t he ver y same Sr I Sailam hills. This
uncondit ional sur r ender of Rudr a-Sivan (Ahir bhudhnyan) t akes t he f or m of
Mant hr a Raaj a Padha St hOt hr am.













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(9T4P ) =+T797l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) J anakEshTa- pr adaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO FULFILLED FULFILLED FULFILLED THE THE THE WISHES WISHES WISHES OF OF OF KING KING KING JJ JANAKA ANAKA ANAKA!! !

Sr I RAmar Pat t AbhishEkam Sr I RAmar Pat t AbhishEkam Sr I RAmar Pat t AbhishEkam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d appear s t o have f ulf illed t he desir es of t wo J anakas, as it would
appear f r om t he Vaamana Pur aana.
b The f ir st J anaka is t he son of Nimi Chakr avar t t hy, who obt ained det ailed
inf or mat ion on t he glor y of t he Lor d of Seven Hills and of Swami
Pushkar ini, f r om Sr i Vamadeva Mahar shi (as nar r at ed wit h r espect t o t he
ear lier naamas). Ext r emely impr essed by Sr i Vamadeva Rishi' s account s,
J anaka Mahar aj a complet ed all his r oyal dut ies and all t he yaagaas and
yag~nyaas (sacr if ices) he had t o per f or m, handed over t he r eins of
NAMA 44 NAMA 44 NAMA 44
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123

administ r at ion t o able minist er s and t r avelled t o Tir umala f or wor shipping
t he Par abr ahma svar oopi Sr inivasa, which had been his ar dent desir e ever
since t he t ime he hear d about t he glor ies of Tir umala f r om Vamadeva
Mahar shi.
b The second J anaka is t he f amous one, t he f at her of Sit a Pir aat t i, t o whom
t he ent ir e hist or y and hoar y glor y of Tir umala Hills was nar r at ed by his
Gur u, Sadaananda. Unable t o st ay away af t er hear ing t hese hear t war ming
account s, Sr i J anaka, along wit h his minist er s and r oyal ent our age, came t o
Tir uvenkat am, had a holy dip in t he Swami Pushkar ini, wor shipped Sr inivasa
t o his hear t ' s cont ent f or a long, long t ime and r et ur ned t o his st at e,
sanct if ied and enlight ened. Her e, t he Salut at ions ar e t o Lor d Venkat Esa,
who f ulf illed t he wishes of King J anaka by mar r ying his daught er , Sit A Devi
in Svayam Var am at Mit hilApur i .
Lor d Venkat Esan is t her ef or e wor shipped as “Venkat a Raaman" at Thir umala as
envisioned in t he 6t h slOkam of Sr I Venkat Esa St hOt hr am :
H|¬¹lP¬TlT¹ 7lH¹6 =¬7T¤+¤¹ ¤l¹P6·
¹¤+l4T ¹lP ¹PH |4¬l 4¹7l ¬4 74 74l=¬¤+
abhir Ama guNAkar a ! dAsar at E !
j agadEka dhanur dhar a ! dheer amat E ! |
r aghunAyaka ! r aama ! r amEsa! vibhO !
var adO bhava ! dEva ! dayA- j aladhE ! | |
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Oh Lor d Of enchant ing vir t ues! Oh Raamaa, t he mat chless wielder of t he bow
KodhaNdam! Oh t he st eady-minded scion of t he r ace of Raghu and t he best
among t hem! Oh Lor d Ramaa Devi! Oh all per vading Pr abhu! Oh t he Ocean of
DayA! My Lor d! Gr ant us our desir ed boons!
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King J anakA' s desir ed boon was f or t he pr ince of AyOdhyA t o lif t t he might y
bow of Siva and st r ing it . Pr ompt ed by t he eye sign f r om Sage ViswAmit hr A,
t he young pr ince f r om AyOdhyA lif t ed ef f or t lessly t he bow t hat t ook
hundr eds of men t o dr ag t o t he Svayamvar am hall. Pr ince Raamachandr an not
only lif t ed t he might y bow but br oke it in t o t wo dur ing t he ef f or t s t o st r ing
it . Thus, t he young pr ince gr ant ed t he boon desir ed by King J anaka, wedded
Sit A Devi and became Venkat a Raaman.
















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(9T4P ) PlT'74 Prl6l¤ =l69'4 97l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) maar kaNDEya mahaa t eer t ha j aat a puNya pr adAya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO BLESSED BLESSED BLESSED MM MARKANDEYA ARKANDEYA ARKANDEYA MM MAHARSHI AHARSHI AHARSHI WITH WITH WITH THE THE THE EXALTED EXALTED EXALTED
MERIT MERIT MERIT OF OF OF HAVING HAVING HAVING BATHED BATHED BATHED IN IN IN ALL ALL ALL THE THE THE HOLY HOLY HOLY WATERS WATERS WATERS

Sr I Malayappar Sr I Malayappar Sr I Malayappar -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
While t he pr evious t ir unama t ells us about t he Venkat achala Yat r a per f or med
by Emper or J anaka, t his one does t he same, wit h r espect t o Mar kandeya
Mahar shi.
Sage Mar kandeya once per f or med long and har d penance on t he banks of t he
Ganga, pr ompt ing Br ahma t o appear bef or e him and seek t he obj ect of t he
t apas. Mar kandeya t old t he Cr eat or t hat he want ed t he st r engt h and good
NAMA 45 NAMA 45 NAMA 45
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126
f or t une t o bat he in all t he holy wat er s in all t he t hr ee wor lds. Br ahma laughed
in amusement at t his impossible r equest and suggest ed t o Mar kandeya t hat he
go t o Tir uvenkat am and have a bat h in t he Swami Pushkar ini, in which t her e is a
conf luence of all t he 35 million holy wat er s, on ever y Mar gazhi mont h Shukla
Paksha Dvadasi day, bef or e sunr ise.
Br ahma also nar r at ed in consider able det ail t he incompar able mer it s t hat could
be acquir ed by one who has a holy dip in t he glor ious Swami Pushkar ini, which is
t he Swami (Lor d and Mast er ) of all holy wat er s.
I nst r uct ed t hus, t he Mahr shi came t o Tir umala, lived f or t hr ee year s on t he
banks of t he Pushkar ini, bat hing in it daily and on t he special days as advised
by Br ahma, wor shipped Sr inivasa t o his hear t ' s cont ent and at t ained t he
almost impossible punya of one who has bat hed in all t he holy wat er s in all t he
wor lds.
The Mar kandeya Pur ana also t ells us t his in det ail (wit h minor var iat ions-
inst ead of Br ahma, t he guidance t o Mar kandeya is pr ovided by Gar uda) and
achieved his ar dent desir e of unf linching f ait h and devot ion in Sr i Venkat esa.
The Rishi has also composed a beaut if ul st ot r a on his benef act or , t he Lor d of
Tir umala, and some of t hese slokas ar e included in t he St ot r a t hat is r ecit ed
t ill dat e bef or e "Tir uvenkat amudayan" at t he t ime of Supr abhaat am.
The last t hr ee slokas f r om t he st ot r a beginning wit h "Kamalaa kucha
choochuka kumkumat a:" (viz., t he t hr ee slokas beginning wit h "Vinaa
Venkat esam", ”aham door at ast e", and "aj n~aanina maya doshaan") ar e f r om
t he Mahar shi' s out pour ing, t hese slokas r eminding us t ill dat e of t he sage' s
devot ion.
The ot her int er pr et at ion f or t his Naama f ocuses on a sacr ed t heer t t am named
Maar kaNdEya Theer t t am. Accor ding t o t his ver sion, t he Salut at ions ar e t o t he
Lor d of Venkat am hill, who blesses t hose who bat he in t he gr eat t heer t t am at
Thir umala known as Maar kaNdEya t heer t t ham wit h auspicousness (PuNyam).
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Lor d Venkat Esa is t he gr ant or of t his anugr aham. This nAmaa is t hus in
celebr at ion of t he sacr edness of anot her t heer t t am at Thir umala because of
it s associat ion wit h t he Lor d of Sapt ha Gir i.






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(9T4P ) 4l19|6 ¤O7l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaakpat i br ahmadAt r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD SRINIVASA SRINIVASA SRINIVASA WHO WHO WHO GAVE GAVE GAVE AA A BRAHMANA BRAHMANA BRAHMANA THE THE THE POST POST POST OF OF OF
BRAAHASPATHI BRAAHASPATHI BRAAHASPATHI, , , THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO PERFORMED PERFORMED PERFORMED UPADESAM UPADESAM UPADESAM TO TO TO BRAHMA BRAHMA BRAHMA, , , THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO
BLESSED BLESSED BLESSED DEVAGURU DEVAGURU DEVAGURU BRAHASPATHI BRAHASPATHI BRAHASPATHI WITH WITH WITH BRAHMA BRAHMA BRAHMA JJ J~~ ~NANAM NANAM NANAM.. .

Sr i Devanaat ha Per umAL Sr i Devanaat ha Per umAL Sr i Devanaat ha Per umAL-- - Thir uvaheendr apur am Thir uvaheendr apur am Thir uvaheendr apur am
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This nama can be int er pr et ed in t hr ee ways:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , THROUGH THROUGH THROUGH WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE ANUGRAHAM ANUGRAHAM ANUGRAHAM AA A BRAHMANA BRAHMANA BRAHMANA BY BY BY NAME NAME NAME
"K "K "KAAVYAVIT AAVYAVIT AAVYAVIT" " " ATTAINED ATTAINED ATTAINED THE THE THE COVETED COVETED COVETED POST POST POST OF OF OF BB BRIHASPATI RIHASPATI RIHASPATI. . .
We know now of t he upadesam per f or med by Sr i Vamadeva t o J anaka
Mahar aj a, on t he glor ies of Swami Pushkar ini and of Tir uvenkat amudayan. Par t
of t his is t he t ale of a Br ahmana known as "Kaavya vit ", who best owed t he
ult imat e wisdom of Br ahma Gnaanam on anot her Br ahmana, who had an ar dent
NAMA 46 NAMA 46 NAMA 46
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desir e f or t he same, on t he banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini. Consider ing t he
ext r aor dinar y ser vice per f or med by t his Kavyavit , t he Lor d accor ded him t he
exalt ed post of Br ihaspat i, t he Gur u of all Devas.
An expanded ver sion of t his t ir unaama, as f ound in old Telugu manuscr ipt s, is :
"Vaakpat i Br ahma dhee dhaat r e Nama: ”
which means t he same as indicat ed above.
TT THE HE HE SECOND SECOND SECOND INTERPRETATION INTERPRETATION INTERPRETATION OF OF OF THIS THIS THIS NAAMA NAAMA NAAMA
t akes t he t er m "Vaakpat i" t o mean Br ahma, t he husband of Sar asvat i (who is
t he symbol of all speech or "Vak"). To t his Br ahma, t he Lor d per f or med
upadesha of Vedas ("t er med "Br ahmam"), which would enable Cr eat ion.
Sr inivasa t hus becomes t he "Br ahma daat aa", accor ding t o t his ver sion.
YY YET ET ET ANOTHER ANOTHER ANOTHER INTREPRETAION INTREPRETAION INTREPRETAION FOR FOR FOR THE THE THE NAAMA NAAMA NAAMA ,, ,
"Vaakpat hi Br ahmadhAt r E Sr I Venkat EsAya Nama: "
r out es t he Salut at ions t o Lor d Venkat Esa, who blessed t he Deva Gur u,
Br ahaspat hi wit h Br ahma J n~Anam and saved him f r om t he har m of pr eaching
and spr eading ChAr vaka Mat ham t hat he had f ounded in a moment of
disillusionment .
Char vAka philosophy was cr eat ed by Br ahaspat hi, who should have known
bet t er about t he Veda-VedAnt hic doct r ines and t he under pinnings of Vaidhika
Mat hams. Yet , he went ahead and f ounded a mat ham t hat does not accept
Vedam as Pr amANam.
I n ChAr vAka mat ham, only dir ect per cept ion (Pr at hyaksham) is t aken as pr oof
f or exist ence of t he obj ect s. Rest of t hose not exper ienced by Pr at hyaksham
ar e discar ded as nonexist ent and unr eal. Dhar mam, adhar mam, I svar an, J eevan
inside t he Sar I r am, Vaikunt am can not be seen by dir ect per cept ion alone.
Char vAkAs (LokAyat hAs) r ej ect t hem. VaidhikA mat hams r oot ed in VedAs use
anumAnam (inf er ence) and Sabdham (Vedam) as addit ional pr amANams t o
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pr ove t he r ealit y of t hings and doct r ines t hat can not be seen by
Pr at hyaksham alone.
Lor d Venkat Esa saved Br uhaspat hy f r om t he r uin of believing in his own
def ect ive philosophy and blessed him wit h Br ahma J n~Anam.




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(9T4P ) ¬-ã¬l4'47l|4+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) candr a laavaNya dAyinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO CONFERRED CONFERRED CONFERRED UNIQUE UNIQUE UNIQUE BEAUTY BEAUTY BEAUTY ON ON ON CC CHANDRAN HANDRAN HANDRAN!! !

Lor d Sr inivAsar Lor d Sr inivAsar Lor d Sr inivAsar -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Par t of Sr i Vamadeva Mahar shi' s upadesham t o J anaka is r ecount ed her e as t o
how Chandr a acquir ed all his bewit ching splendor and enchant ing beaut y
t hr ough giving away gold or nament s on t he banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini.
While any mer it or ious deed per f or med on t he banks of t hese holy wat er s has a
manif old ef f ect compar ed t o similar deeds at ot her kshet r as, t his specif ic
acquisit ion of beaut y and splendor was achieved by Chandr a by adher ing
t o what is pr escr ibed, viz., donat ing gold or nament s t o t he deser ving. This is
chr onicled by t he f ollowing sloka f r om Vamana Pur anam:
"Asyaa: t eer e pur aa Br ahman Chandr a: ksheer oda samudbhava:
Souvar nam bhooshanam dat t vaa laavanyam par amam yayou"
NAMA 47 NAMA 47 NAMA 47
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I n cont r ast t o t he br illiance and heat of t he Sun, t he Moon' s light is cool,
pleasant and af f or ds peace and happiness t o t he hear t . Moonlight conf er s upon
even t he ugliest of obj ect s seemliness. Moonbeams pr ompt f eelings of r omance
and love, even in t he most har d-hear t ed of individuals. The ent ir e wor ld
somehow seems t o be a much bet t er place by moonlight , which is ext r emely
soot hing.
Who conf er r ed such an enchant ing nat ur e t o t he Moon? I t is none ot her t han
Sr inivasa, says t his t ir unaamam. The Pur usha Sukt a t ells us t hat t he Moon was
bor n f r om t he Lor d' s own mer cif ul hear t :
"Chandr amaa manaso j aat a: ”
I s it any wonder t hen t hat t he Moon is able t o gener at e in us only happy and
sublime t hought s?
I t was also t he Lor d who was r esponsible f or Chandr a' s emer gence f r om t he
Milky Ocean, dur ing t he Koor maavat aar a, st anding in a par ent ' s posit ion t o t his
pleasing planet .
The Moon' s pleasant nat ur e is also due t o his t aking bir t h along wit h Sr i
Mahalakshmi, who is known as Chandr a Sahodar i, due t o t heir common
par ent age, t he Milky Ocean. I pso f act o, consider ing t he nat ur e of Pir aat t i,
Chandr a can not be but , beaut if ul and pleasing.
The Lor d t oo looks enchant ing like t he Moon, says Sr i Valmiki:
"Somavat pr iya dar sana: "
This t ir unaama t ells us t hat all t he glor ies t hat Chandr a has at t ained ar e
indeed due t o t he Lor d' s munif icence


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(9T4P ) +l¹l4T +¬Hl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nAr AyaNa nagEsAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO HAS HAS HAS TAKEN TAKEN TAKEN THE THE THE FORM FORM FORM OF OF OF AA A HILL HILL HILL REVERED REVERED REVERED AS AS AS
NN NAARAYANAADHRI AARAYANAADHRI AARAYANAADHRI! ! !

Divya alankAr am Divya alankAr am Divya alankAr am
NAMA 48 NAMA 48 NAMA 48
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CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
When Agast ya and ot her Rishis wer e sear ching f or t he Lor d (as nar r at ed
elsewher e) t hey came acr oss a r adiant mahaa pur usha seat ed on a r ock,
whose br illiance and beaut y wer e beyond descr ipt ion. When Agast ya
per f or med obeisance t o t his maha pur usha and sought his ident it y, t he
dist inguished ent it y j ust disappear ed wit hout a wor d. Sr i Vamadeva t ells
J anaka t hat t his pur usha is none ot her t han t he Nar ayana Par vat am, which
had assumed t he splendor ous manly f or m.
Since Agast ya descr ibes t his wonder f ul f or m as akin t o t hat of t he Lor d' s,
anot her int er pr et at ion put s t his mahapur usha as none ot her t han Sr inivasa
Himself , adopt ing t he et ymological f or mula:
"naar ayaNa it i nagesa: t asmai nama: ".
Apar t f r om t his, t he st or y of one br ahmin descr ibed below by name Nar ayana
and his links f or one of t he Tir umala hills acquir ing t he sobr iquet
"Nar ayanaadr i" is elabor at ed by t he t ir unaama,
” Nar ayana ar t t hit a asesha j ana dr ik vishayaaya nama: "
Accor ding t o t his view, t he salut at ions ar e t o Lor d Sr I Venkat esA, who r esides
in Naar AyaNAdhr i (One of t he seven hills of Thir umala) in r esponse t o t he
pr ayer of Naar ayaNa Muni!
TT THE HE HE NAME NAME NAME “N “N “NAAR AAR AARAA AYA YA YANN NAA A NAG NAG NAGEE ESAN SAN SAN” ” ”
This name or iginat ed t his way:-
A Br ahmin by t he name of Naar AyaNa per f or med sever e penance (t apas) t o
have t he dar sanam of Lor d Venkat Esa in one of t he seven hills of Thir umala. I n
addit ion t o appear ing bef or e Naar ayaNa; Lor d Venkat Esa gr ant ed also
his ot her wish f or t hat hill t o be known t her eaf t er as Naar AyaNAdhr i.
Ut t hamUr Swamy’s slOkam r ef er r ing t o t he t apas of Naar AyaNa Muni t o
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r esult in t he place of his t apas being named Naar AyaNAdhr i is:
YO hi dhar amas- t apas- t EpE t aTA Naar AyaNO dhvij a:
Anj anEyOaj anisht Et hi Vir ushO Naar AyaNOanj ana:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Thr ee of t he seven hills of Thir umala ar e r ever ed as Vr ushAdhr i,
Naar AyaNAdhr i and Anj anAdhr i and ar e named t hus because Vr usha (Dhar ma
Devat hai) and Naar AyaNan per f or med t apas her e. To celebr at e Anj anEyar ' s
avat hAr am, one peak is named Anj anAdhr i.






136
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Sr I Malayappa SwAmy in Hanumant ha VAhanam Sr I Malayappa SwAmy in Hanumant ha VAhanam Sr I Malayappa SwAmy in Hanumant ha VAhanam- - - - - - Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam Thir upat hi Br ahmOt savam
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(9T4P ) ¤O T8ltB4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) br ahma klupt Ot savaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE ANNUAL ANNUAL ANNUAL FESTIVITIES FESTIVITIES FESTIVITIES ARE ARE ARE SCHEDULED SCHEDULED SCHEDULED AND AND AND
CONDUCTED CONDUCTED CONDUCTED BY BY BY BRAHMA BRAHMA BRAHMA DEVA DEVA DEVA ACCORDING ACCORDING ACCORDING TO TO TO VAIKHAANASA VAIKHAANASA VAIKHAANASA AAGAMA AAGAMA AAGAMA RULES RULES RULES! ! !
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
As par t of t he nar r at ive by Br ahma t o Vamadeva Rishi, t he f or mer r ecount s
t he t ale of how he (Br ahma), out of his over whelming devot ion and t he desir e
t o wor ship t he Lor d of Seven Hills in vividly var ious at t ir e and car r ier s,
commenced t he per f or mance of an annual t en-day event . Since t he ut savam
was under t aken by Br ahma, it came t o be known as Br ahmot savam and is
celebr at ed ever y year , t ill dat e.
Descr ibing t he glor y of t his magnif icent annual event , t he Vamana Pur ana t ells
us t hat anyone who t akes even a st ep t owar ds Tir umala f or par t icipat ing in t his
ut savam acquir es t he mer it f lowing out of t he per f or mance of a Yaga. Pr ovision
of f ood, shelt er et c. t o devot ees ar r iving at Tir umala t o wit ness t his gr and
event would best ow magnif icent mer it (Punya) on t he gener ous souls, says t he
Pur ana.
Ther e is anot her ver sion, based on t he Var aha Pur ana. Af t er dest r oying
t he asur as inf est ing Tir umala at t he r equest of Br ahma and ot her s, t he Lor d
agr eed t o t he lat t er ' s r equest f or t he per f or mance of a Br ahmot savam.
Br ahma had special and magnif icent st r eet s, t ownships and par ks cr eat ed by
Visvakar ma (t he divine ar chit ect ) f or t his pur pose, made special ar r angement s
bef it t ing t he Cor onat ion of t he Supr eme, made t he impending event known t o
all in t he univer se and per f or med t he ut savam in manner bef it t ing t he
NAMA 49 NAMA 49 NAMA 49
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Par amat ma, in t he mont h of Pur at t asi, beginning in t he Shukla Paksha on t he
st ar Chit r a. Pleased at Br ahma' s devot ion and f er vour , t he Lor d has blessed
t hose who under t ake per f or mance of t his annual event wit h all t hat t hey could
desir e on t his ear t h and a soj our n at Br ahmaloka, t her eaf t er .
A A A FEW FEW FEW WORDS WORDS WORDS REGARDING REGARDING REGARDING "U "U "UTSAVAM TSAVAM TSAVAM"" "
The t er m "Ut savam" denot es somet hing which af f or ds inf init e pleasur e:
"Ut soot e har sham it i Ut sava : "
Could t her e be anyt hing mor e pleasur able t han t he sight of t he inf init ely
beaut if ul Par ama Pur usha Venkat esa, bedecked in all His f iner y, ador ning t he
st r eet s of Tir umala along wit h His Consor t s?
"Savam" denot es a sacr if ice or Yaga. "Ut savam" indicat es Yaga of an exalt ed
or der , t he highest of sacr if ices. Among t he numer ous Yagyas ment ioned in t he
Vedas, like J yot isht omam, Asvamedham, Vaaj apeyam et c., all of which ar e
af t er all f or ms of wor shipping t he Par mapur usha, t his (Br ahma' s mode) f or m
of wor ship is not only inf init ely mor e pleasur able f or t he onlooker s, but
af f or ds manif old mer it s, compar ed t o ot her f or ms of Yagyas. Hence t he name
"Ut savam" f or t his magnif icent t en-day event
Br ahmOt hsavam at Thir umala is an occasion, when bhakt hAs f lock f r om all
cor ner s of t he wor ld (Bhu lokam and Deva lokam) and j ost le wit h each ot her t o
get t he dar sanam of t he Lor d in splendid at t ir e and j eweler y. On t he f ir st day
of Br ahmot hsavam (Dhvaj aar ohaNam day) , Gar udan is sent t o Sat hya lOkam
t o invit e Br ahma t o come t o Thir umala t o conduct t he Lor d' s f est ival. Gods like
I ndhr a, Yama, Kuber a, Agni, Vaayu and sages like Vasisht a and
Viswaamit hr a accompany Br ahama t o wit ness t his splendid f est ival of
Br ahmot hsavam f or nine days.
Lor d of Venkat am hills is t aken ar ound t he r aaj a veedhis of Thir umala in
dif f er ent vaahanams in t he mor ning and in t he evening. I n bet ween ar e unj al
sevais. Each vaahanam has it s own signif icance t o convey t he dif f er ent
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t at t hvams and messages of t he Lor d of Sapt hagir i. On t he evening of t he f ir st
day and t he mor ning of t he second day, t he Lor d t r avels ar ound in Pedda and
Chinna Sesha Vaahanams r espect ively t o honor His ancient daasan (Aadhi
sEshan) , who has manif est ed as t he Sesha Hills (SeshAdhr i) t o hold t he Lor d
on His head.
The ot her Vaahanams ador ned by t he Lor d of Thir umala on subsequent days
ar e:
1. Hamsam (Swan),
2. Simham (Lion),
3. Kalpaka Vr uksham (Boon gr ant ing divine t r ee),
4. Gar udan,
5. HanumAn,
6. Gaj am (Elephant ),
7. Sur ya Pr abha,
8. Chandr a Pr abha,
9. Rat ham (Char iot ),
10. Sar va bhupaala vaahanam, Pallakku (Palanquin) and
11. Asvam (Hor se).
The f if t h day of Gar uda Vaahanam and t he eight h day of Rat hot hsavam
at t r act t he lar gest number of devot ees.
On t he nint h day, t he Chakr am (Sudar sanam) is given a bat h (Chakr a SnAnam)
in Swamy Pushkar aNi while t he Lor d wat ches His Sankalpa sakt hi (power of
volit ion) t ake His bat h and conclude t he ut hsavam. As a f inal f or mal act , t he
Gar uda Dhvaj am is lower ed (Dhvaj avar ohanam) unt il t he next Br ahmot hsavam;
t he gods t ake t he Lor d' s per mission and r eceive His blessings pr ior t o
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r et ur ning t o t heir homes.
















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(9T4P ) HŒ ¬44¹l+B ¬BtT¹ 6¬l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankha cakr a var aanamr a lasat - kar a t alaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE (( (TENDER TENDER TENDER) ) ) HANDS HANDS HANDS ARE ARE ARE SLIGHTLY SLIGHTLY SLIGHTLY BENT BENT BENT FROM FROM FROM
CARRYING CARRYING CARRYING ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS (( (THE THE THE HEAVY HEAVY HEAVY) ) ) CONCH CONCH CONCH (( (PAANCHAJANYAM PAANCHAJANYAM PAANCHAJANYAM) ) ) AND AND AND (( (FIERY FIERY FIERY) C ) C ) CHAKRAM HAKRAM HAKRAM
(S (S (SUDARSANAM UDARSANAM UDARSANAM)! )! )!

Thir ukOsht iyUr Per umAL Thir ukOsht iyUr Per umAL Thir ukOsht iyUr Per umAL
NAMA 50 NAMA 50 NAMA 50
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CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
TT THE HE HE SIGNIFICANCE SIGNIFICANCE SIGNIFICANCE OF OF OF THE THE THE WEAPONS WEAPONS WEAPONS IN IN IN THE THE THE HANDS HANDS HANDS OF OF OF THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD
This t ir unama indicat es t he beaut if ul post ur es and ador nment s spor t ed by t he
Lor d' s f our ar ms and palms, indicat ing His endear ing and imposing t r ait s of
Soulabhyam (accesssibilit y) and Par at vam (Supr emacy).
The Lor d' s upper ar ms hold t he magnif icent Conch Paanchaj anya and t he
Sudar sana Chakr a r espect ively, which ser ve bot h as deadly weapons t o be
dispat ched f or t he dest r uct ion of t he wicked, as well as admir able ador nment s
f or t he Lor d' s mat chless ar ms. These ar e indicat or s of t he Lor d' s supr emacy.
Chakr at t aazhwan is adulat ed as t he sole symbol of t he Lor d' s divine will or
Divya Sankalpam, while t he Shankham is indicat ive of Gnaanam and Pur it y. That
t hese f or m t he Lor d' s symbols of Supr emacy is clear f r om Sr i Per iazhwar
declar ing t he ident it y of t he Par ama Pur usha t o be ador ned wit h t hese t wo
weapons.
The Lor d' s lower ar ms ar e held in a unique pose. The r ight ar m is held in t he
"Var a Mudr a", wit h t he f inger s point ing t o His lot us f eet , t elling us t hat it is
t hey (His t ir uvadi) t hat f or m bot h our ever last ing r ef uge and also t he st r at egy
t o at t ain t he same. Since t his post ur e indicat es t he gr ant ing of t he ult imat e
boon ("Var am") of His t ir uvadi, it is known as "Var a Mudr a".
The lower lef t hand is held at t he hip, slight ly bent inwar ds, assur ing us not t o
be t er r if ied of t he unf at homable ocean of Samsaar a, which would only be hip-
deep t o t hose who per f or m Shar anagat i at His lot us f eet , as indicat ed by His
r ight palm. The f ollowing slokas f r om t he Bhavishyot t ar a Pur ana descr ibe t he
Lor d' s bewit ching post ur es and t heir pur por t :
"Dar sayan paaNinaikena dakshiNena Vr ishaakapi:
Pada padmam gat im cha par amaam nr inaam
Kat i nyast a kar eNaapi nij a paadaabj a gaaminaam
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Nr unaam bhava payo r aasim kat i daghnam pr adar sayan
Vir aaj at e Venkat esha: sampr at yapi r amaapat i: ”
Thus Sr inivasa' s post ur es ar e indicat ive of t he incompar able combinat ion of
His Par at vam and Soulabhyam, bot h of which ar e r equir ed f or t he pr ot ect ion
of mor t als, f or , Supr emacy wit hout accompanying mer cy and r elat ed t r ait s
would make f or a t yr ant , while mer e accessibilit y wit hout r equisit e Supr emacy
would r ender t he Lor d well-meaning but impot ent and incapable of pr ot ect ing
us. I t is t his winning combinat ion of complement ar y and supplement ar y vir t ues
which makes Sr inivasa unique and mat chless.
SS SWAMY WAMY WAMY NN NAMM AMM AMMAA AZHW ZHW ZHWAA ARR R'' ' SS S ANUBHAVAM ANUBHAVAM ANUBHAVAM OF OF OF THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD CARRYING CARRYING CARRYING THE THE THE WEAPONS WEAPONS WEAPONS AND AND AND HIS HIS HIS WORRIES WORRIES WORRIES
Our Lor d car r ies f ive weapons (PanchAyudha St hOt hr am). The t wo weapons
(Sankham and Chakr am) have always t o be lif t ed up and held f or t he pr ot ect ion
of t he devot ees.
The r emaining t hr ee weapons (Swor d, Gadhai and Bow) r est on t he Lor d' s body
and do not need t o be held up unt il r eady t o use. These t hr ee weapons ar e not
t ir ing t o hold in AzhwAr ' s anubhavam, wher e as t he Sankham and Chakr am
could be causes f or f at igue f or t he hands of t he Lor d.
AchAr yAs and AzhwAr s wor r y about any f at igue t o t he Lor d in holding t he
Sankham and Chakr am per manent ly by t he t ender hands of t he Lor d and of f er
t o help t he Lor d t o give r elief t o t he Lor d by car r ying t hem out of t heir
concer ns f or t he Lor d.
Swamy NammAzhwAr ' s anubhavam on t he Lor d of Thir uppar isAr am quot ed
below is exquisit e (Thir uvAimozhi Paasur ams: 8.3.3 and 8.3.7):
“He (t he Lor d) can or der ser vant s about . He goes alone however and car r ies
t he Chakr a and SankhA Himself . Even t he Swor d and bow and ar r ows He
car r ies; t her e is no one t o f ollow Him, ser ving Him. Not even a per son t o keep
(Him) company. When He walked in t his f ashion, it was not given t o me t o see
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Him, enj oy Him and wor ship Him wit hout hindr ance. For t hat missed chance, I
wail now, as Sit A did in f or est , in a lonely st at e, sear ching f or Him, ever y day,
t o see and ser ve Him" (8.3.3)
“What is t his?. So many people go t o Thir uppar isAr am and r et ur n. I t goes on.
Not one t ells Him, my Thir u-Vaazh Maar bhan (Sr I nivAsan), t hat t her e is one
devot ee of His at Thir unagar i , who will gladly be at Your ser vice, walk wit h
You , give You company at all t imes; will car r y, say, t he Chakr a and t he SankhA
f or You. What am I t o do? "(8.3.7)




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(9T4P ) ã4-P¬ P7lB± |4¤rl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) dr avan mr uga madaasakt a vigr ahaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESWARA ENKATESWARA ENKATESWARA, , , WHOSE WHOSE WHOSE BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL BODY BODY BODY IS IS IS COATED COATED COATED WITH WITH WITH PERFUMES PERFUMES PERFUMES
AND AND AND AROMATICS AROMATICS AROMATICS SECRETED SECRETED SECRETED BY BY BY ANIMALS ANIMALS ANIMALS


Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan-- - AhObila Mat am AhObila Mat am AhObila Mat am
NAMA 51 NAMA 51 NAMA 51
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CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t ir unamam is based on an episode r ecount ed in t he Var aha Pur ana. Once,
when Mahar shis wer e per f or ming a gr eat Yagnyaa in t he Tir umala Hills, t he
Lor d appear ed t her e as a well-dr essed gent , along wit h His consor t , f ur nishing
ambivalent r eplies t o t he inquir ies of Rishis as t o His ident it y, dest inat ion,
ant ecedent s et c. To go along wit h His per f ect appar el, t he Lor d wor e on His
t ir umeni ar omat ic agent s like Kast oor i, Punugu et c, which ar e secr et ed/ f ound
in animals like t he deer , and a special t ype of cat . Wit h t hese per f umes applied
liber ally all over His inher ent ly f r agr ant body, t he Lor d made t he ent ir e place
and t he envir ons awash wit h f r agr ance t his is what gave t he Lor d t he
af or esaid t ir unamam.
When it was t ime f or t he sacr if icial of f er ing t o be submit t ed in t he hOma
kundam, t he Lor d, who was t hus f ar a mer e onlooker , suddenly appear ed in t he
midst of t he sacr if icial f ir e and accept ed t he of f er ing wit h His own hands,
af f or ding t he Rishis t he sight of t heir lives wit h His br illiance, beaut y and
magnif icence.







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(9T4P ) T H4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kesavaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA SPORTING SPORTING SPORTING LONG LONG LONG, , , BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL, , , BLACK BLACK BLACK, , , DENSE DENSE DENSE AND AND AND CURLY CURLY CURLY
LOCKS LOCKS LOCKS OF OF OF HAIR HAIR HAIR AS AS AS ATTESTED ATTESTED ATTESTED BY BY BY AZHWAR AZHWAR AZHWAR'' 'SS S WORDS WORDS WORDS: “ : “ : “TAAZH TAAZH TAAZH SADAYUM SADAYUM SADAYUM-- -TIRUMALAI TIRUMALAI TIRUMALAI MEL MEL MEL
YATHAIKKU YATHAIKKU YATHAIKKU". ". ".

Sr I Bhakt havat hsala Per umAL Sr I Bhakt havat hsala Per umAL Sr I Bhakt havat hsala Per umAL-- - Thir u NinRavooR Thir u NinRavooR Thir u NinRavooR
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This is one of t he best of t he Lor d' s names, wit h sever al pr of ound pur por t s.
"Ka:" r ef er s t o Br ahmA and "I sa:" t o Rudr a.
Since bot h t hese wor t hies wer e bor n f r om Par amapur usha Sr iman Nar ayana,
He is known as "Kesava:”
"Br ahma Eesayo: svaangaj at vaat Kesava: par ikeer t it a: "
The f ollowing sloka f r om Har ivamsa at t est s t o t his-
NAMA 52 NAMA 52 NAMA 52
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"Ka it i Br ahmano naama I soham sar va dehinaam
Aavaam t avaange sambhoot ou t asmaat Kesava naamavaan"
Because He is t he slayer of t he dr eaded asur aa Kesi, t he Lor d is known as
Kesava:
Since He has beaut if ul, black, dense and cur ly hair ("Kesa :") He is known as
"Kesava:". His hair f alls endear ingly on His f or ehead, we ar e t old by Sr i
Alavandar :
"lalaat a par yant a vilambit aalakam"
At t he back t oo, t he cur ls r each upt o His shoulder and beyond.
Accor ding t o one Azhwar , Sr i Venkat esa wear s His hair in long, mat t ed locks:
"Taazh sadai", and is t her ef or e eminent ly ent it led t o t he name Kesava:
This Kesava naama has t he pr ide of place among t he names of t he Lor d, being
t he f ir st t o be ut t er ed dur ing Achamanam (a br ief pur if icat or y and pr eliminar y
r it ual which is t o be obser ved at t he commencement and conclusion of all
kar maas). Hence, what ever be t he r eligious endeavor cont emplat ed, it has
necessar ily t o begin wit h "Kesavaya nama: ”
Sr i Nammazhwar devot es an ent ir e ver se t o t his Kesava (Thir uvaimozhi 2:7:1)
Ekcv[f tmaf kIzfEmlf 'mErezZ pibpfp<mf Ekcv[f tmaf kIzfEmlf 'mErezZ pibpfp<mf
mactiaiT epbfB nmfMAd vazfv< vayfkf ki[fbva mactiaiT epbfB nmfMAd vazfv< vayfkf ki[fbva
:ce[[fkRma]ikf kmf '[f ecgfEkalkfk]f ][f vi]fE]aaf :ce[[fkRma]ikf kmf '[f ecgfEkalkfk]f ][f vi]fE]aaf
nayk[f 'mfpirae[mfma[f naray][aEl nayk[f 'mfpirae[mfma[f naray][aEl
Kesavan t amar keezh mEl emar ezh ezhu pir appum
maa sadir idu pet t r u nammudai vaazhvu vaaikkindr avaa
eesan en kar u maanikkam en senkolakkannan viNNor
naayakan empir aan emmaan naar aayaNanaale
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All t hose connect ed wit h Sr i Nammazhwar upt o seven gener at ions bef or e and
af t er him, aut omat ically became devot ees of Lor d Kesava, declar es Azhwar .
I t is t his Kesava who pr ot ect s us f r om t he f r ont , says t he Dvaadasa naama
Panchar a:
“ pur ast aat Kesava: paat u".
Among t he t welve places at which Tir uman and Sr I choor nam ar e wor n, t he
f ir st and f or emost one on t he f or ehead is wor n wit h t he Kesava naama.
The "Panni r u t hi r unaamam" of Swami Desi kan t el l s us t hat
t his Kesava moor t hy' s complexion is t hat of beat en r ed gold and t hat He holds
not one, but f our glowing Chakr aas in His f our hands:
"t esiudai aazhigal naangudan sem pasum pon malai pol"
"Chat u: chakr am namasyaami Kesavam kanaka pr abham".
Sr i Andal chides her f r iends f or t heir indolence, even af t er list ening t o t he
singing of t he ent hr alling and ener gising Kesava naama:
"Kesavanai paadavum nee kEt t e kidat t hiyo".







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(9T4P ) |+t44l4+ P64 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nit ya Yauvana moor t aye Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS ETERNALLY ETERNALLY ETERNALLY IN IN IN THE THE THE BLOOM BLOOM BLOOM OF OF OF YOUTH YOUTH YOUTH NEVER NEVER NEVER CHANGING CHANGING CHANGING

Sr I Deepa Pr Akasar Sr I Deepa Pr Akasar Sr I Deepa Pr Akasar -- - Thir ut hankkA Thir ut hankkA Thir ut hankkA
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d is ever young. Unlike mor t als and lesser devat as, who ar e bor n as
childr en, gr ow up int o yout h, mat ur e int o middle age and det er ior at e t o
senilit y, t he Lor d is et er nally in t he bloom of yout h, never changing.
The Tait t ir iya Upanishad, set t ing out t o list t he cr it er ia which make a man' s
cup of j oy f ull, t ells us f ir st t hat he should be young:
"Yuvaa syaat saadhu yuva adhyaayaka: "
I t is t her ef or e no wonder t hat t he Lor d, whose bliss is immeasur able, is
NAMA 53 NAMA 53 NAMA 53
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151

et er nally young.
Vedas at t est t o Emper uman' s et er nal yout h t hus:
"Yuvaa suvaasaa: par iveet a aagaat "
The Lor d is not only ever -young, but is also clad in glor ious yout hf ul at t ir e.
Ther e is one mor e Veda vaakya which t ells us t hat He has not even ent er ed
yout h-He is younger st ill "Yuvaa akumaar a: ".
The Lor d' s yout h is beyond our concept ion and compr ehension and is
unpr ecedent edly splendor ous, says Sr i Alavandar :
"achint ya divya adbhut a nit ya youvana".
Sr i Andal t oo at t est s t o His yout h wit h t he t r ibut e, "Yasodai ilam singam". He
is no or dinar y yout h, but one who r esembles a maj est ic and f er ocious lion cub.
He is also t he r enowned son of Nandagopa-"Nandagopan Kumar an".
This glor ious yout h of His is unchanging and ever last ing, says t he Vishnu
Sahasr anama St ot r a-"avikaar aaya".
While being t he oldest cit izen of t he univer se ("Pur usha: pur aana : "), He is
t he youngest one t oo, as descr ibed above.



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(9T4P ) H|¤6l¤ 97l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) ar t hit aar t ha pr adAt r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO GRANTS GRANTS GRANTS ALL ALL ALL THE THE THE BOONS BOONS BOONS DESIRED DESIRED DESIRED BY BY BY HIS HIS HIS
BHAKTH BHAKTH BHAKTHAA ASS S!! !

PullAnkuzhal KaNNan PullAnkuzhal KaNNan PullAnkuzhal KaNNan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
When Sage Sounaka, Agast ya and ot her s ar e best owed wit h t he r ar e pr ivilege
of wit nessing t he Lor d' s Visvar oopam, in r esponse t o t heir eulogies, t he Lor d
t ells t hem t o seek f r om Him anyt hing and ever yt hing t hey might desir e, wit h
absolut ely no r eser vat ions. He assur es t hem t hat none who comes t o wor ship
Him at Tir umala would r et ur n empt y-handed and unsat isf ied.
We f ind f r om exper ience, our s and ot her s' , t hat t he Lor d is living up t o His
NAMA 54 NAMA 54 NAMA 54
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153

assur ance wit h alacr it y t ill dat e and people wit h var ied wish-list s ar e
accommodat ed by Him, ir r espect ive of whet her t hey r eally deser ve all t hat
t hey seek.
Not only does t he Lor d gr ant ever yt hing t hat His devot ees seek, He is also
r esponsible f or sat isf ying t he desir es of t hose who wor ship ot her deit ies, f or ,
it is He, as t he inner -dweller of t he ot her deit ies, who indir ect ly gives t he
seeker s what ever t hey want , says t he Lor d in t he Git a:
"labhat e cha t at a: kaamaan, mayaiva vihit aan hi t aan".
This is munif icence beyond cont emplat ion, f or we see philant hr opist s being
gener ous t o t hose who come t o t hem f or assist ance--Sr inivasa is t he one and
only Par amat ma, who ext ends His gener osit y t o t hose who seek out ot her
deit ies t oo.
Pur ushAr Tams (goals of lif e) ar e f our in number :
1. Dhar ama,
2. ar Tam,
3. Kaama and
4. Moksham.
Lor d Venkat Esa gr ant s any one of t hese f our boons t o t hose who ar e f or t unat e
t o climb up His hills, st and bef or e Him and seek t hese boons. He r esponds t o
His Bhakt hA' s pr Ar t hanAs and gr ant s t hem whet her t hey ar e t r ivial or lof t y in
nat ur e. To gr ant t hese boons desir ed by His bhakt hAs, He gave up His
at t achment t o Vaikunt am and spor t s gr acef ully wit h Lakshmi as Lor d
Sr I nivAsan on t he banks of Swamy Pushkar aNi.
His mangaLa slOkam celebr at es His gener osit y (oudhAr yam) as Kaliyuga
Var adhan in gr ant ing all t he boons sought by t he supplicant s. Her e is a
t r easur e t r ove (ar TinAm nidhi: ) f or t hem t o help t hemselves :
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|~4- Tl-6l4 T-4lT|+¤4 |+¤45|¤+lP·
~l4T³|+4lBl4 ~l|+4lBl4 Pñ=P+
Sr iya: kAnt Aya kalyANa nidhayE nidhayEr t hinAm |
Sr I vEnkaTanivAsAya Sr I nivAsAya mangaLam | |
Venkat a Kr ishNan as Git hAchAr yan descr ibes t he seeker s of wealt h (ar TAr Ti)
t hat appr oach Him t his way:
Chat hur vidhA bhaj ant hE Maam j anA: Sukr ut hinOr j una
Aar t t hO J ig~nAsur - ar TAr Ti J n~Ani cha Bhar at har shabha
- - Bhagavat h Git A : 7. 16
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Four kinds of men of good deeds wor ship Me, Oh Ar j unA! These ar e:
1. t he dist r essed (aar t t han),
2. t he seeker s of higher knowledge (J ig~nAsu),
3. t he wealt h seeker (ar TAr Ti) and
4. t he men of knowledge and discr iminat ing int ellect (J n~Ani).
What ever boon t hey desir e, Lor d Venkat Esa is r eady t o gr ant t hem t hat boon.
He is Kaliyuga Var adhan and act s as a wish-gr ant ing Kalpaka t r ee on Thir umala
hills.



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(9T4P ) |4H6l¤l¤rl|¹T ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Visva t eer t ha agha haar iNE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO DESTROYS DESTROYS DESTROYS THE THE THE SINS SINS SINS OF OF OF THE THE THE HOLY HOLY HOLY WATERS WATERS WATERS OF OF OF THE THE THE
WORLD WORLD WORLD! ! !

NaimisAr aNya Per umAL NaimisAr aNya Per umAL NaimisAr aNya Per umAL
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The glor y of Swamy Pushkar ini has alr eady been indicat ed elsewher e. These
wat er s owe t heir or igin t o Sr ivaikunt am and ar e holy beyond descr ipt ion. The
Lor d has delegat ed t o t his Pushkar ini t he power of dest r oying t he sins of not
only t hose who have a holy dip in it , but also t he sins of t he holy wat er s all over
t he globe, which, in t he pr ocess of pur if ying sinning mor t als bat hing in t hem,
accumulat e quit e a st ock of t heir misdeeds, akin t o sediment s of dir t . To r id
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t hemselves of such a benumbing baggage, t hese wat er s seek r ef uge in t he
Swami Pushkar ini on t he Dvaadasi day of Shukla Paksha of Mar gazhi mont h,
bef or e sunr ise. Pur if ied and r est or ed t o t heir or iginal st at e of sacr edness by
associat ion wit h t he Swami Pushkar ini, t hese wat er s t hen r et ur n t o t heir
or iginal abodes, t o r esume t heir mission of cleansing people of physical and
spir it ual dir t . This is br ought out by t he f ollowing sloka f r om t he Vamana
Pur ana, as nar r at ed by Br ahma t o Maar kandeya:
"Paapam sveshu vinir mukt am lokai: agha samanvit ai:
nir har ant eeha t eer t t haani t asyaa: t eer t t ha samanvayaat
Mar kandeya! mahaa bhaaga bhuvana t r aya vaasinaam"



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(9T4P ) 6l¤F4l|P B¹FHl6 =+l¬l7 97l|4+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t eer t haswamy Sar as- snAt a J anAbhI shTa pr adAyinE Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO CONFERS CONFERS CONFERS ALL ALL ALL THE THE THE BOONS BOONS BOONS BY BY BY THOSE THOSE THOSE, , , WHO WHO WHO TAKE TAKE TAKE
THEIR THEIR THEIR SACRED SACRED SACRED BATH BATH BATH IN IN IN SWAMY SWAMY SWAMY PUSHKARA PUSHKARA PUSHKARANN NII I BEFORE BEFORE BEFORE ARRIVING ARRIVING ARRIVING AT AT AT HIS HIS HIS SANNIDHI SANNIDHI SANNIDHI ! ! !

Sr I Balaj i Sr I Balaj i Sr I Balaj i
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The pr evious Nama t old us t hat all negat ive ef f ect s of sins wer e washed of f by
Swami Pushkar ini. This t ir unama indicat es t hat t her e is also t he posit ive
ef f ect t o bat her s, of t heir desir es being f ulf illed-t hus not only "anisht a
nivr it t i" but "isht a pr aapt i" is also assur ed t o t hose who seek out t his Lor d
among holy wat er s.
Though innumer able seeker s have at t ained t heir hear t ' s desir es by having a
NAMA 56 NAMA 56 NAMA 56
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holy dip in t he Swami Pushkar ini, ment ion must be made of an illust r ious f ew
benef iciar ies.
1. One is Dasar at ha, whose desir e f or a son t o car r y on t he lineage was
sat isf ied when he begot t he Par amat ma Himself as pr ogeny.
2. Sr i Rama is r eput ed t o have bat hed in t his pond and achieved t he t win
goals of Ravana Samhaar am and r egaining Sr i Sit a.
3. Kaashyapa, a Br ahmin who knew t he ar t of cur ing people f r om snake bit e,
but who did not ext end his ser vices t o Par ikshit mahar aj a who was bit t en
by t he ser pant Dakshaka due t o t he r iches of f er ed by t he snake king and
cont r act ed sin t her eby, also washed his sin of f by bat hing in t he Swami
Pushkar ini.
4. We have alr eady nar r at ed t he boundless benef it s obt ained by Shankha Raj a
of Hehaya dynast y, by wor shipping t he wat er s of t his Pushkar ini.
I t is clear f r om t he af or esaid t hat t he Swami Pushkar ini is indeed a
"Kaamadhenu", sat isf ying t he desir es of seeker s. Since all it s power s f low
f r om t he Lor d Himself , Sr inivasa Himself is adulat ed as t he best ower of boons
t o t hose who bat he in t he Pushkar ini. The impor t ance of bat hing in
Swamy Pushkar aNi is r ef er r ed t o her e. Those who bat he in t his sacr ed body of
wat er s linked t o Lor d Venkat EsA' s own Sr i Vaikunt uam ar e blessed t o r eceive
what ever pur ushAr Tam (Dhar ma, ar Ta, Kaama and Moksham).
Lor d Venkat Esan is t he gr ant or of all kinds of boons (Sar va var a
Pr adhAyakan) in t his Kali Yugam (Kali Yuga Var adhan). Those who bat he in t he
sacr ed pond of Swamy Pushkar aNi and ar r ive at His sannidhi wit h f olded hands
seeking boons ar e gr ant ed t heir desir ed boons .
Lor d Venkat Esan is omnipot ent (Sar va Sakt han) and easy t o appr oach
(Sulabhan). He is et er nal (Nit hyan) and st ands on t op of t he Venkat am hills by
t he side of Swamy Pushkar aNi t o gr ant all mangaLams (auspiciousness) t o His
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dear devot ees. bat hing on all days in Swamy Pushkar aNi pleases Him and
bat hing in Mukkot t i DwAdasi in par t icular pleases Him immensely.
The sight of devot ees per f or ming anga pr adhakshiNam af t er bat hing in Swamy
Pushkar aNi and r olling wit h all of t heir limbs ar ound t he pr AkAr ams of t he
Lor d' s sanct um is a moving one.
This naama salut es t he Lor d"s sacr ed Pushkar aNi as “Theer Taswamy Sar as".
One can also int er pr et "Theer Ta-Swamy" as Theer TEshu Swamy or t he
Emper or among t he sacr ed wat er s. The ot her int er pr et at ion is Swamy' s
t heer Tam or t he sacr ed wat er s associat ed wit h t he Lor d of Venkat am .














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(9T4P ) T…Pl¹¤l|¹Tl 4lBFT-7l¬l7 97l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) KumAr a dhaar ikaa vaasas- skandAbheeshTa pr adAya Sr I
Venkat EsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO GRANTS GRANTS GRANTS THE THE THE HEART HEART HEART'' 'SS S DESIRES DESIRES DESIRES TO TO TO SUBRAMANYAN SUBRAMANYAN SUBRAMANYAN, , ,
WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES AT AT AT THE THE THE BANKS BANKS BANKS OF OF OF KUMAARA KUMAARA KUMAARA DHAARA DHAARA DHAARA THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM! ! !

Sr I Deepa Pr akAsar Sr I Deepa Pr akAsar Sr I Deepa Pr akAsar -- - ThUppul ThUppul ThUppul
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This Nama descr ibes t he glor y of anot her sacr ed body of wat er s on t he
Tir umala Hills, namely t he Kumaar a Dhaar a. Subr ahmanya, t he capt ain of t he
divine ar mies, once cont r act ed Br ahmahat yaa sin by killing Taar akaasur a. When
he sought r elief f r om his f at her , Rudr a descr ibed t o him t he ext r eme pot ency
of Venkat achalam and t he holy wat er s t her e, per f or med upadesham of t he
Venkat eswar a Mant r a and advised Kumaar a t o bat he in one of t he bount if ul
f alls in Tir umala, t o be f ollowed by penance. Subr ahmanya complied wit h all
sincer it y and was r ewar ded by t he incompar able sight of t he Lor d and His
Consor t s come down t o bless him, pleased by his penance. The Lor d t old
NAMA 57 NAMA 57 NAMA 57
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Skanda t hat he would spend t he r est of t he cur r ent Kalpam on t he banks of
t he wat er s wor shipping Sr inivasa and t hat t he f alls would t hencef or t h be
known af t er Kumaar a, as "Kumaar a Dhaar a".
Anot her ver sion t ells us t hat a helpless old Br ahmin, impover ished and unable
t o per f or m eit her his wor ldly or spir it ual dut ies well, sought t o end his lif e by
j umping of f t he peak of Tir uvenkat a hills. The Lor d appear ed t her e and
pr event ed t he old man f r om cont r act ing t he unspeakable sin of suicide. He also
led t he Br ahmin by hand t o a f alls nor t h of t he Paapanaasa Teer t t ham and
asked him t o bat he. Once t he Br ahmin complied, he was ast ounded t o f ind
himself t r ansf or med int o a spr ight ly and handsome man, capable of dischar ging
all his dut ies t o ever y one' s sat isf act ion. Since t he wat er s, bear ing t he Lor d' s
own pot ency, t r ansf or med a dodder ing old man int o a "Kumaar a" or young man,
t hey came t o be known as "Kumaar a Dhaar a".
Subr amaNyan is a dear devot ee of Lor d Venkat Esan. He is said t o have his seat
at t he banks of KumAr adhAr ai, a sacr ed assembly of wat er s near t he Lor d' s
t emple. Lor d Venkat Esa is Pr at hyaksham t o Subr amaNyan, His dear nephew. He
r esponds f ully t o all t he pr ayer s and t he wishes of Skandha Swamy
(Subr amaNyan) at all t imes







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(9T4P ) =l+7Þ BPT6 9l|×T ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) J aanu- daghna samudbhUt a pOt r iNE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO SRINIVASA SRINIVASA SRINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO, , , AS AS AS AA A GIANT GIANT GIANT BOAR BOAR BOAR, , , MANIFESTED MANIFESTED MANIFESTED FROM FROM FROM THE THE THE ANTHILL ANTHILL ANTHILL, , ,
UPTO UPTO UPTO HIS HIS HIS KNEES KNEES KNEES! ! !

J N~napir An J N~napir An J N~napir An-- - Thir u I davent hai Thir u I davent hai Thir u I davent hai
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
We saw ear lier t he episode of t he Gr eat Whit e Boar , t he Svet a Var aaha, which
used t o consume t he millet s f r om t he f ields of t he hunt er Vasu. Per plexed at
t he phenomenon, t he hunt er pur sued t he Boar one night , but saw it disappear
int o an ant hill. When he dug int o t he ant hill, t he Lor d manif est ed Himself in
t he f or m of a beaut if ul whit e Boar , r adiant and glor ious beyond descr ipt ion.
The Var aham t old t he hunt er t o advise Emper or Tondamaan t o build a t emple
f or Himself (Var aha). The hunt er complied and accompanied t he Emper or t o
t he sit e of t he ant hill, which t hey pr eceded t o dissolve wit h gallons of milk
NAMA 58 NAMA 58 NAMA 58
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163

f r om black cows. The magnif icent f or m of t he Var aha mur t hy began t o emer ge
slowly f r om t he ant hill, as t he muddy enclosur e was washed away by milk. When
t he Lor d' s f or m was visible upt o t he knees, t he f low of milk r an out , due t o t he
inat t ent ion of t he Emper or ' s men. And t he Lor d' s emer ging f or m st opped wit h
t he knees and would not develop f ur t her ont o t he f eet , ir r espect ive of any
amount of milk being pour ed.
The Lor d appear ed and t old t he Emper or not t o wor r y and t hat t he image was
complet e as it was (upt o t he knees). Tondaman, moved by t he sight of t he
glor ious Lor d, built a sannidhi f or Him on t he nor t her n banks of t he Swami
Pushkar ini, wit h Gopur am, Vimanam, et c., wher e He is wor shipped t ill dat e by
us.
This is t he t ale of t he Lor d who was visible only upt o His knees,as r ecount ed in
t he Padma Pur ana, which is also t o be f ound wit h minor var iat ions in t he Var aha
Pur ana t oo.
Legend has it t hat t he same Lor d r esides, as Var aha Mur t hy on t he west er n
side and as Sr inivasa on t he sout her n banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini, making
Himself visible even t o our mundane eyes and f ulf illing all our desir es, as t he
Kali Yuga Var ada.
This Naama Salut es Lor d Venkat Esa, who t ook t he avat hAr am of a gigant ic
boar t o lif t BhUmi Pir at t i f r om t he boundless wat er s of deluge wit h His
hundr ed ar ms ext ending down t o His knees. Dur ing t he Var Aha avat hAr am,
Lor d Venkat Esa incar nat ed as Aadhi Var Ahan, killed t he asur an named
Hir aNyAkshan, who had st olen BhUmi Devi and hid her inside t he oceans.
Var Aha BhagavAn ent er ed t he immense pr alaya wat er s, f ound and dest r oyed
t he asur an and r escued His divine consor t wit h His hundr ed ar ms st r et ching all
t he way down t o His knees. Tait t ir iya Ar aNyaka (10.1.8) st at es in t his cont ext
t hat Ear t h was r aised by a black boar wit h hundr ed ar ms.

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(9T4P ) TPP64 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Koor ma moor t ayE Sr I VenkaTsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD SRINIVASA SRINIVASA SRINIVASA WHO WHO WHO TOOK TOOK TOOK THE THE THE FORM FORM FORM OF OF OF AA A GIANT GIANT GIANT TURTLE TURTLE TURTLE TO TO TO HELP HELP HELP
DEVAS DEVAS DEVAS CHURN CHURN CHURN THE THE THE MILKY MILKY MILKY OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN

Asht a Lakshmi Asht a Lakshmi Asht a Lakshmi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Among t he t en popular avat ar aas t hat t he Lor d t ook is t he Koor ma avat aar a,
wher e t he Lor d assumed t he f or m of a giant t ur t le, enabling t he Devas and
asur aas t o st abilise t he colossal Mant ar a Mount ain on His back, pr event ing it
f r om slipping of f int o t he wat er s.
Using t he upr ight mount ain as t he chur ning r od and t he snake Vasuki as t he
r ope t o t ur n it back and f or t h, t he Devas and Asur aas chur ned up t he Milky
Ocean (Tir uppaar kadal), f r om which emer ged a host of t r easur es like:
NAMA 59 NAMA 59 NAMA 59
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1. t he Kaamadhenu (t he Divine Cow capable of gr ant ing all wishes),
2. t he I r aavat am (magnif icent elephant which became I ndr a' s car r ier ),
3. t he Moon
4. Sr i Mahalakshmi Her self and
5. f inally emer ged t he Nect ar , capable of conf er r ing immor t alit y, f or which
t he ent ir e exer cise was under t aken, .
The Bhagavat a Pur aana t ells us t hat t he Lor d' s f or m was wonder f ul,
unpr ecedent ed and beyond imaginat ion, t hat of a giant Tur t le st r ong enough t o
suppor t a mammot h mount ain:
"Kr it vaa vapu: kacchapam adbhut am mahat pr avisya t oyam gir im uj j ahaar a"
The mount ain was bor ne on t his magnif icent t ur t le' s back so ef f or t lessly t hat
t he const ant movement of t he mount ain pr oduced not hing mor e t han a mild
scr at ching sensat ion on it s back:
"Bibhr at t at aavar t anam Aadi kacchapO mene anga kandooyanam
apr ameya: ”
We ar e t old t hat t he Koor ma r oopam was so huge t hat it looked as if t he
Mant ar a par vat am was placed at op anot her colossal mount ain.
The r hyt hmic movement s of t he mount ain on His back, of t he mild buf f et ing of
waves back and f or t h et c., made t he Lor d f eel as of He was in a cr adle,
indulging in some spor t wit h His beloved Consor t .
The beaut if ul scene descr ibed above is summar ized by Swami Desikan in his
Dasavat ar a St ot r am t hus.
Avyaasu: bhuvana t r ayeem anibr it am kandooyanai: adr inaa
nidr aanasya par asya Koor ma vapusho nishvaasa vaat or maya:
yat vikshepana samsr it a udadhi paya: pr enchola par yankika
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Nit yaar ohana nir vr it o vihar at e Deva: sahaiva Shr iyaa.
The Lor d in t his avat ar am was black as a r ain-cloud, ador ned wit h gold-
colour ed appar el, light ning-like ear -r ings, beaut if ul hair moving f r om side t o
side wit h ever y movement of His head and r ed-lined eyes.
This avat ar a demonst r at es t hat t he Lor d consider s no r ole t oo mean t o
assume, if only it sat isf ies His devot ees.





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(9T4P ) |T¬¹ã-ãHl9l-697l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kinnar a dvandva saapaant a pr adaat r E Sr I VenkaTsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO LIBERATED LIBERATED LIBERATED THE THE THE KINNARA KINNARA KINNARA COUPLE COUPLE COUPLE FROM FROM FROM THEIR THEIR THEIR CURSE CURSE CURSE! ! !

Sonna Vannam Seyt ha Per umAL Sonna Vannam Seyt ha Per umAL Sonna Vannam Seyt ha Per umAL
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
We have hear d of Mahar shi Dur vaasa, easily ir ascible and given t o dealing out
cur ses at t he dr op of a hat . A Kinnar a (a class of devaas wit h a pr edilect ion f or
song and dance) couple, enj oying t hemselves wit h t heir usual occupat ion,
dist ur bed t he penance of Dur vasa and was cur sed t o be bor n as a hunt er and
his wif e on Simhaachalam.
Relent ing lat er over t he couple' s r emor se, t he Mahar shi t old t hem t hat t hey
would live f or long as a hunt ing couple on Tir umala hills and obt ain r elief
t her eaf t er wit h t he anugr aham of t he Svet a Var aha Mur t hy, who would
manif est Himself on t he hills. The t ale of t his couple has alr eady been
nar r at ed-t hey r aised millet s in a piece of land and par t ook of it af t er of f er ing
it t o t he Lor d ever y day. The Lor d, in t he f or m of a Whit e Boar , used t o
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168
consume some of t he millet ever y day and r un away. When t he hunt er pur sued
t he boar one day, he f ound it disappear ing int o an ant hill, which was lat er
dissolved in t he milk of "Kaar aam pasu", t o r eveal t he Var aha Mur t hy, in all His
splendour .
The Lor d t hen r elieved t he hunt er couple of t heir cur se and r ewar ded t heir
devot ion wit h a ber t h in His own wor lds.This episode is chr onicled in t he Padma
Pur ana t hus:
"Kir aat a vapushou veekshya Vishnu: kinnar a dampat ee
Muni shaapaat mochayit vaa dadou t aabhyaam svakam padam"
Since t he same Lor d appear s as t he Var aaha Mur t hy and as Venkat Esa, t he
exploit of t he f or mer is at t r ibut ed t o t he lat t er , in t his Nama.









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(9T4P ) |4¬4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vibhave Sr I VenkaTsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD WHO WHO WHO PERVADES PERVADES PERVADES EVERYTHING EVERYTHING EVERYTHING, , , EVERYWHERE EVERYWHERE EVERYWHERE-- -"" "VIBHU VIBHU VIBHU"" "

Sr i Malayappan swAmy Sr i Malayappan swAmy Sr i Malayappan swAmy-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Ther e is absolut ely no place which doesn' t have His pr esence. He is her e,
t her e, ever ywher e, as Sr i Pr ahlada t old his cynical f at her . "Kar andu engum
par andulan" mar vels Shr i Nammazhwar at t he Lor d' s t ot al per vasiness.
The Nar ayana anuvaakam t ells us t hat t he Sr iman Nar ayana t he Lor d is so
per vasive as t o be pr esent inside and out of all beings and obj ect s:
"yaccha kinchit j agat sar vam dr isyat e shr ooyat e pi vaa,
ant ar bahischa t at sar vam vyaapya Nar ayana: st it t ha: "
NAMA 61 NAMA 61 NAMA 61
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170
What ever is hear d, what ever is seen or f elt in t his wide univer se is per vaded
by Emper uman.
This is bor ne out by sever al ot her pr amaanams t oo, f r om t he Upanishads and
Pur aanas:
"Nit yam, Vibhum, sar vagat am susookshmam"
"Nit yaa eva eshaa J aganmaat aa Vishno: Shr ee: anapaayinee
Yat haa sar vagat o Vishnu: t at t aiveyam dvij ot t ama!"
- - Sr i Vishnu Pur aanam.
This is t o cont r ast t he Lor d, who is t he Par amaat ma, f r om t he J eevat ma or t he
individual soul, who is inf inet isimal in f or m:
"Esho anu: At maa"
I t is of int er est t o not e t hat t he Vishnu Pur ana conf ir ms t he same t r ait of
Vibhut vam on Sr i Lakshmi t oo:
"yat haa Sar vagat o Vishnu: t at t haa evam dvij ot t ama!"
MM MEANING EANING EANING
"J ust as Sr i Vishnu per vades ever yt hing, so does His Consor t "
"t vayaa cha et at Vishnunaa cha Amba! j agat vyaapt am char aachar am"
MM MEANING EANING EANING
"Oh Divine Mot her ! This ent ir e Univer se is per vaded by Your self and Shr i
Mahavishnu".



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(9T4P ) 4Gl+B P|+~U 9|=6l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaikhaanasa muni sr eshTha pooj it aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SAKUTATIONS SAKUTATIONS SAKUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD SRINIVASA SRINIVASA SRINIVASA WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED BY BY BY VAIKHAANASA VAIKHAANASA VAIKHAANASA MAHARISHI MAHARISHI MAHARISHI AND AND AND
HIS HIS HIS DESCENDENTS DESCENDENTS DESCENDENTS

Sr I Malayappa SwAmy wit h ubhaya nAcchiar s Sr I Malayappa SwAmy wit h ubhaya nAcchiar s Sr I Malayappa SwAmy wit h ubhaya nAcchiar s
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Vikhanasa Mahar ishi is t he maanasa put r aa (mind-bor n son) of Br ahmaa. He is
t he aut hor of sever al exalt ed wor ks like t he Kalpa Sut r a and of t ext s laying
down in elabor at e det ail t he modes of wor shipping t he Lor d in His ar cchaa
f or m, in var ious t emples. Those who ar e bor n in t he lineage of Vikhanas
Mahar shi and under go pur if ying r it uals as per t hese Sut r as ar e known as
Vaikhaanasaas. The Vaikhaanasa Agama is one of t he t wo Vaishnava Agamaas
(Manuals of Temple Wor ship), t he ot her being Paanchar aat r a.
The wor ship at t he Tir umala t emple has been, f or t ime immemor ial, per f or med
accor ding t o t he Vaikhaanasa Agama, by t he descendent s of Vikhanasa
NAMA 62 NAMA 62 NAMA 62
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172
Mahar shi. The Lor d Himself , when He manif est ed f r om an ant hill, advises
Tonadamaan Chakr avar t t hi t o per f or m His wor ship t hr ough sages of t he
Vaikhanasa lineage:
"Kaar ayit vaa shilpinaa at ha pr at isht haapya muneesvar ai:
Vaikhaanasai: munivar ai: ar chayet Tondamaan api"
- - Var aha Pur anam
OO OTHER THER THER DETAILS DETAILS DETAILS RELATING RELATING RELATING TO TO TO THE THE THE KK KAIMKARYAMS AIMKARYAMS AIMKARYAMS OF OF OF VV VIKHANASA IKHANASA IKHANASA MM MUNI UNI UNI ARE ARE ARE GIVEN GIVEN GIVEN BELOW BELOW BELOW: : :
The r enowned Rishi Vaikhaanasa had an over whelming desir e. Having hear d and
lost himself in t he endear ing exploit s of Sr i Kr ishna, t he Rishi want ed badly t o
have his eyes' f ill of t he Lor d' s bewit ching count enance and t ir uemeni. To t his
end, he per f or med an ext r aor dinar ily sever e penance. Sr i Mahavishnu appear ed
bef or e t he Rishi in r esponse and t old t he lat t er t hat it was impossible f or him
t o have a dhar shan of Sr i Kr ishna in per son, as t he avat aar a had alr eady been
concluded. The Lor d suggest ed t o t he Rishi t hat as an alt er nat ive, he could go
t o Tir uvenkat am and have a f illing dhar shan of Sr inivasa, who was no less
beaut if ul and capt ivat ing t han Sr i Kr ishna. The Rishi dut if ully set of f f or
Tir umala Hills and, est ablishing an enchant ing gar den wit h myr iad f r agr ant
blooms, wit h t he help of one Rangadaasa, wor shipped Sr inivasa t o his hear t ' s
cont ent , der iving on ear t h it self t he boundless bliss t hat await s t he liber at ed
soul in par adise.
I t is t his episode t hat is chr onicled in t his t ir unaamam. Fur t her , when
Sr inivasa was per f or ming penance on t he banks of Padma Sar ovar am near t he
Svar namukhi River , it was t hose belonging t o t he clan of Vykhaanasaas who
wer e of assist ance t o t he Lor d, even t hough He displayed none of His divine
at t r ibut es or f eat ur es.

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(9T4P ) |Brl¬¬ |+4lBl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) SimhAcala nivAsAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATION SALUTATION SALUTATION TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO LIVES LIVES LIVES IN IN IN THE THE THE SIMHACHALAM SIMHACHALAM SIMHACHALAM HILLS HILLS HILLS! ! !

Sr I Veer a RAghava Per umAL (Moolavar ) Sr I Veer a RAghava Per umAL (Moolavar ) Sr I Veer a RAghava Per umAL (Moolavar ) -- - Thir uvaLLUr Thir uvaLLUr Thir uvaLLUr
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Tir umala Hills belong t o a long and huge r ange of mount ains, shaped like a
ser pent , wit h:
1. it s head at Tir umala (called Seshaachalam),
2. it s midpor t ion at Ahobilam (called Gar udaachalam) and
3. t ail at Sr isailam.
Accor ding t o Pur anas, t his r ange spans a dist ance of 30 Yoj anaas.
Of t his Ahobilam is known as Simhaachalam, due t o Sr i Nr isimhamur t hy
manif est ing Himself t her e in t he f or m of a glor ious Man-Lion, f or pr ot ect ing
NAMA 63 NAMA 63 NAMA 63
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174
Pr ahlada and t o dest r oy Hir anyakasipu, which is evident f r om t he f ollowing
Var aha Pur ana sloka:
"Hir anyaakhya vinaasaaya Pr ahlaada anugr ahaaya cha
Naar asimha aakr it i: j agye yasmaat asmaat svayam Har i:
Simhaachaala it i pr aahu: t asmaat enam Munisvar a: "
Legend has it t hat Sr i Nr isimha Mur t hy was pr esent on t hese hills much
bef or e Sr inivasa' s manif est at ion and t hat t he lat t er , dur ing His wedding wit h
Sr i Padmaavat i, or der ed t hat all f ood should f ir st be of f er ed t o Sr i Nr isimha,
bef or e consumpt ion. Per haps t o at t est t o t his, Sr i Nr isimha st ill r eigns
r esplendent ly at a sannidhi in t he Tir umala t emple, wit h Sr inivasa f acing t he
f or mer .
Ut t hamUr Swamy' s SlOkam passage on Sr I Venkat Esa KalyANam r ef er s t o
t he t wo r easons why one of t he hills of Sr I Sailam (Thir umala) is named
SimhAdhr i:
“ Aavir - nr usimhamAhur yam simham simhaadhi- sEvit ham”
One of t he seven hills is named SimhAdhr i because Lor d Nar asimhA incar nat ed
her e and He is wor shipped by t he lions t hat r eside in t his hill.
I n one ver sion, t he seven hills of Venkat Achalam ar e count ed as: Sesha,
Venkat a, Vr usha, Naar AyaNa, Anj ana, Simha and Gar udAdhr i.





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(9T4P ) ~lP¬l¹l4Tl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr iman nAr AyaNAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO REIGNS REIGNS REIGNS AT AT AT THE THE THE THIRUMALA THIRUMALA THIRUMALA HILLS HILLS HILLS, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS NONE NONE NONE OTHER OTHER OTHER
THAN THAN THAN THE THE THE PARAMAPURUSHA PARAMAPURUSHA PARAMAPURUSHA SRIMAN SRIMAN SRIMAN NARAYANA NARAYANA NARAYANA.. .

Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar -- - Mut t hangi Mut t hangi Mut t hangi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t hir unaamam t ells us, t hat Lor d Sr inivasan is none ot her t han t he Par ama
NAMA 64 NAMA 64 NAMA 64
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176
Pur ushan Sr iman nAr AyaNan, which is suppor t ed by t he pur aaNa slokam:
Maayaavee par amaanandham t yakt hva Vaikunt am ut t hamam
Swami Pushkar aNi t eer E Ramayaa saha modhat hE
The slOkam says t hat t he glor ious Lor d, f or saking t he blissf ul abode of
Sr I vaikunt am, r esides wit h delight on t he banks of Swami Pushkar iNi wit h His
divine consor t .
This is t he t ir unaamam glor if ied t ime and again by t he Upanishad.
"Naar ayaNa par o j yot i: At maa Naar ayaNa: par a:
Naar ayana Par am Br ahma, t at t vam Nar ayana: Par a"
Says t he Naar ayaNa anuvaakam, holding Him out t o be t he most luminiscent of
all light s, t he Ult imat e Lor d who has neit her an equal nor a super ior , t he most
exalt ed of concept s.
The wor d Naar ayaNa has t wo pr of ound pur por t s:
" Naar aanaam ayanam ya: sa Naar ayaNa: "
The Ult imat e Br ahmam, in which all beings, sent ient and ot her wise, f ind a
r ef uge and abode.
” Naar aa: yasya ayanam"
The lof t iest of Lor ds, who r esides in all beings and obj ect s, as t heir I nner
Dweller or Ant ar yaami.
I t is t his hallowed name t hat f or ms t he nucleus of t he most sacr ed and pot ent
of Mant r as, viz., t he Asht aakshar a Mant r a, t he eight -let t er ed f or mulat ion
t hat is capable of conf er r ing not only spir it ual but mat er ial benef it s t oo on it s
vot ar y.
The sweep and dept h of t his Mant r a ar e so vast t hat whole volumes have been
wr it t en by eminent philosopher s on it s pur por t -Sr imad Rahasyat r aya Saar am
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177

of Swami Vedant a Desikan is a shining example of t hese.
Not only is t his name sancif ied by t he Shr ut i (Vedas), but it f inds f r equent
ment ion in t he Tamzih Vedam t oo (Divya Pr abandas of Azhwar s). I t is t his
Nar ayana who is t he undisput ed Mast er of all wor lds, says Sr i Nammazhwar :
"Naar aNan muzhu ezhu ulagaukkum naat han".
He is t he embodiment of all Vedas, t he essence and t he sole subj ect mat t er of
t he Shr ut i-"Veda mayan" says t he Azhwar .
Upanishads t ell us t hat t his Naar ayaNa is t he Pr imor dial Cause, f r om which all
t he cr eat ed univer se and it s inhabit ant ’s spr ing f or t h, ar e sust ained in and f ind
a r est ing place in:
"Naar aayanaat eva samut padyant E Naar aayanaat h pr avar t ant e
Naar ayaNe pr aleeyant e".
He was ar ound when t her e was not hing else and even exalt ed deit ies like
Br ahma and Rudr a did not come int o being:
"Eko ha vai Naar ayaNa aseet , na Br ahmaa na Eesaana: ”
I t is f r om Nar ayaNa t hat t he f our -headed Br ahmaa, char ged wit h t he cr eat ive
Pr ocess, and Rudr a t he Dest r oyer , t ook bir t h:
"Naar ayanaat Bar ahmaa j aayat e, Naar ayanaat Rudr o j aayat e".
This is also conf ir med by Sr i Tir umazhisai Azhwar :
"Naanmukhanai Naar aayanan padait t haan,
Naanmukhanum t aan mukhamaai Sankar anai t aan padait t han".
The "Sr imat " pr ef ix ahead of Naar ayaNa' s name indicat es t he insepar able
connect ion wit h Sr i Mahaalakshmi. Being t he r eposit or y of all t hat is
auspicious, she int er cedes wit h t he Lor d on behalf of all t he sinning mor t als,
t aking up t heir cause f or liber at ion, however undeser ving t hey ar e t her e f or .
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178
The signif icance of t he "Sr i Connect ion" is t hat t he Lor d, even if He want s t o
awar d us commensur at e punishment f or our innumer able misdeeds, is
per suaded against it by His const ant companion and Consor t , Sr i. She ser ves as
a "Svar upa nir oopaka dhar mam", or t he pr incipal ident if ying at t r ibut e of
Naar ayana, wit hout whom we would be unable t o ident if y t he Par abr ahmam.
















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(9T4P ) BT± +l¬T'ól¬4 +|Brl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadbhakt a neelakanThaar cya nr usimhAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO SRI SRI SRI VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO, , , IN IN IN HIS HIS HIS MANIFESTATION MANIFESTATION MANIFESTATION AS AS AS THE THE THE NRISIMHA NRISIMHA NRISIMHA MOORTHY MOORTHY MOORTHY, , ,
WAS WAS WAS WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED WORSHIPPED BY BY BY HIS HIS HIS ARDENT ARDENT ARDENT DEVOTEE DEVOTEE DEVOTEE SRI SRI SRI RUDRA RUDRA RUDRA

Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan Sr I MAlOlan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Padma Pur ana t ells us t hat at a dist ance of 30 Yoj anaas f r om Sr inivasa' s
sannidhi is an ext r emely pict ur esque Ashr amam, wher e t her e is a beaut if ul
Pushkar ini, f ull of clear , sweet wat er , which is also ext r emely sacr ed and
NAMA 65 NAMA 65 NAMA 65
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180
pur if ying.
On t he banks of t his holy pond and beneat h a Kallaala t r ee, Sr i Rudr a
est ablished and consecr at ed t he image of Sr i Nr isimha Mur t hy, who is his
abhimaana devat a and wor ships Him f or t he wor ld' s wellbeing. The 31st and
32nd Chapt er s of t he Padma Pur ana f ur nish an elabor at e and edif ying
descr ipt ion of t he magnif icence of t he Nr isimha wor shipped by Rudr a and of
t he beaut y of t he Ashr ama and it s envir ons. Due t o t he uplif t ing pr esence of
Lor d Nr isimha, t he Neelakant a Ashr ama acquir es splendor beyond descr ipt ion,
says t he Pur ana.
I n t he comment s f or t he 63r d Nama, r eader s would r emember t hat Ahobilam,
a par t of t he mount ain r ange t o which Tir umala belongs, is said t o be 30
Yoj anas f r om Tir umala. By t his t oken, it would appear t hat t he Neelakant a
Ashr ama descr ibed above is locat ed in Ahobilam, wher e t he Lor d manif est ed
Himself as Nr isimha and wher e (at Upper Ahobilam) t her e is st ill a sannidhi f or
Rudr a adj acent t o Sr i Nr isimha' s, at t est ing t o t he f act t hat t he f or mer is st ill
engaged in t he pleasur able occupat ion of wor shipping his Lor d, wit h t he
inimit able and delect able ver ses of t he Mant r a Raj a Pada St ot r am, which is
but an elabor at ion of t he Nr isimha Anusht up mant r a.



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(9T4P ) T…P7l¬ ¬T~U B+l9t4 97l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) KumudAksha- gaNa- sr EshTha sainApat ya pr adAya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO GAVE GAVE GAVE THE THE THE RESPONSIBILITIES RESPONSIBILITIES RESPONSIBILITIES TO TO TO THE THE THE TOP TOP TOP MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER
OF OF OF VISHVAKSENAR VISHVAKSENAR VISHVAKSENAR'' 'SS S UNIT UNIT UNIT (( (KUMUDHAKSHA KUMUDHAKSHA KUMUDHAKSHA) ) ) TO TO TO ASSUME ASSUME ASSUME THE THE THE ROLE ROLE ROLE OF OF OF THE THE THE LEADER LEADER LEADER OF OF OF HIS HIS HIS
ARMY ARMY ARMY AT AT AT SRI SRI SRI VAIKUNTAM VAIKUNTAM VAIKUNTAM TO TO TO DESTROY DESTROY DESTROY AN AN AN ASURAN ASURAN ASURAN BY BY BY THE THE THE NAME NAME NAME OF OF OF DURMEDHAS DURMEDHAS DURMEDHAS ! ! !

Par amapada NAt han Par amapada NAt han Par amapada NAt han
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t hir unAma nar r at es an incident , wher e an asur a by t he name of
Dur mEdhas went about causing har m t o DevAs and Saadhu j anams. The DevAs
NAMA 66 NAMA 66 NAMA 66
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182
and Rishis assembled at Thir umala and sought Lor d Venkat EsA' s help. The
compassionat e Lor d, who always comes t o t he r escue of His Bhakt hAs,
dispat ched an ar my commanded by a nit hya soor i by t he name of KumudhAksha
wit h inst r uct ions t o dest r oy t he asur a and pr ot ect t he aggr ieved. KumudAksha
complet ed t he assigned mission and got t he wor ld r id of an evil f or ce.
Sr I Vaikunt am and it s I svar yam (wealt h) ar e guar ded by eight t op leader s of
t he GanAs. Their commander in chief is VishvaksEnar . Under him ar e t he eight
"unit commander s” engaged in "wat ch and war d " dut ies. These nit hya soor is
ar e:
1. J aya,
2. Vij aya,
3. Kumudha,
4. KumudhAksha,
5. Chanda,
6. Pr asanda,
7. Badr a and
8. Subadr a.
KumudhAksha among his peer s was assigned t he specif ic dut ies of SenApat hy
(head of t he milit ar y wing) f or t he sEnai (ar my) of Sr I Vaikunt am t o dest r oy
t he evil asur an, Dur mEdhas.



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(9T4P ) TP¤- 9lTr× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) dur mEdha pr aaNahar t r e Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA WHO WHO WHO DESTROYED DESTROYED DESTROYED THE THE THE ASURA ASURA ASURA NAMED NAMED NAMED DD DURMEDHAS URMEDHAS URMEDHAS

Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar Sr I Sr I nivAsar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t ir unaama is f r om an episode chr onicled in t he Padma Pur ana.
Dur medhas (also known as "Amar aar i") was an ext r emely cr uel asur a, f or t if ied
by t he boons of inivincibiit y he had obt ained f r om Shankar a t hr ough
painst aking penance; He was har r assing and t or ment ing saadhus, pr event ing
t hem f r om going about t heir lawf ul and r ight eous ways, t her eby der iving t he
name "Dur medhas" or t he one wit h t he evil mind. When t he aggr ieved Devas
and Rishis sought His int er vent ion, t he Lor d dispat ched His unit
commander Kumudaaksha f or dest r oying t he asur a. The mission was
NAMA 67 NAMA 67 NAMA 67
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184
successf ully accomplished and t he Devas heaved a sigh of r elief and eulogized
t he Lor d.


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(9T4P ) ~l¤¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr idhar Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO LORD LORD LORD VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO BEARS BEARS BEARS SRI SRI SRI DEVI DEVI DEVI ON ON ON HIS HIS HIS RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT CHEST CHEST CHEST AS AS AS HIS HIS HIS
LAKSHA LAKSHA LAKSHANN NAM AM AM (( (MARK MARK MARK OF OF OF HH HIS IS IS DEFINING DEFINING DEFINING IDENTITY IDENTITY IDENTITY)! )! )!

Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar Sr I Lakshmi Var Ahar -- - Thir uvidavent hai Thir uvidavent hai Thir uvidavent hai
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I t is t his "Sr idhar at vam" or t he dist inct ion of bear ing Pir aat t i, which makes
Sr inivasa ever -mer cif ul, unmindf ul of our innumer able peccadilloes, ext r emely
f or giving and compassionat e.
We f ind quit e a f ew devat as in t he Hindu pant heon, af f or ding exalt ed posit ions
t o t heir consor t s. However , t her e is none like t he Lor d of Lor ds, Nar ayana,
who consider s His Consor t so pr ecious as t o accommodat e Her on His r ight
NAMA 68 NAMA 68 NAMA 68
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chest . He is known t hus as "Sr idhar a:” I n t his sense, t he Lor d is an examplar
as t o how we ought t o t r eat our bet t er halves.
I t is t his insepar able associat ion wit h His exalt ed Consor t t hat conf er s upon
t he Lor d an unpar allelled uniqueness, be it in bount ies, pr owess, supr emacy,
splendour or mer cy, say Achar yas. Sr i Valmiki t ells us t hat it is t his
Sr idhar at vam t hat makes t he Lor d t he Supr eme Being t hat He is:
"apr ameyo hi t at t ej o yasya saa J anakaat maj aa".
I t is not a one-sided inf at uat ion t hat t he Lor d has f or Sr i Mahalakshmi: She
t oo is det er mined not t o under go even a second' s separ at ion f r om t he Lor d and
st ays put on His br oad chest , says Sr i Nammazhwar :
"agalakillen ir ayum enRu Alar mel Mangai ur ai mar ba!".
This line pr oves conclusively t hat Sr idhar an is ver ily Tir uvenkat amudayan, f or
it is only He who spor t s His Consor t s, not one but t wo of t hem, on His br oad
and beaut if ul chest .
Azhwar s make much of Sr idhar a, wit h ext r emely moving eulogies, f illed wit h
love and devot ion. Her e ar e a f ew samples:
"en Tir umagal ser maar vane!" ,
"nin vala maar binil vaazhgindr a Mangaiyum pallaandu",
"Tir umaar ban" et c.
This unique ador nment of Sr i t hat t he Lor d spor t s on His chest is t he f ir st t o
cat ch t he eye of any devot ee, as Sr i Peyaazhwar at t est s;
"Tir u kanden, ponmeni kanden"
so much so t hat t he Lor d' s innumer able ot her physical at t r act ions t ake a
backseat . The Lor d accomodat es His Consor t on His chest , so t hat He could
const ant ly savour t he glances f r om Her beaut if ul, deer -like eyes, says Sr i
Nammazhwar :
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"Maaney nokku madavaalai maar bil vait t haai Maadhavaa!"
Though t he Lor d is gener ally said t o have br oad and beaut if ul lot us-like eyes,
Sr i Nammazhwar ment ions t his as a unique at t r ibut e of Sr idhar an:
"Sir idhar an, seyya t aamar ai kanninan".
His ent ir e complexion in Sr idhar a r oopam is t hat of a glit t er ing whit e lot us,
says Swami Desikan:
"ilangu ven t aamar ai menian".
I nst ead of t he usual conch and discus, t his Sr idhar a moor t hi holds in His f our
hands, f our huge swor ds, int ended t o slice t hr ough our Kar mic bonds wit h ease.
Swami Desikan t ells us t hat t hese f our shar p scept er s ar e meant f or chopping
away t he innumer able f ear s conf r ont us:
"pat t ayam eer ir andaalum bhayam ar ukkum"
“ Sr idhar am Pundar eekaabham chat ushpat t asam aashr aye"










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(9T4P ) ¬|×4l-6T ¹lPl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kshat r iyAnt aka r AmAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO VENKATESA VENKATESA VENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO WAS WAS WAS VERILY VERILY VERILY THE THE THE AVENGING AVENGING AVENGING ANGEL ANGEL ANGEL OF OF OF DEATH DEATH DEATH TO TO TO THE THE THE
RULING RULING RULING CLASS CLASS CLASS AS AS AS THE THE THE PARASUR PARASUR PARASURAA AMA MA MA AVATAAR AVATAAR AVATAAR

Par asur Ama Avat aar Par asur Ama Avat aar Par asur Ama Avat aar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This Nama r ecount s Sr inivasa' s exploit s, as t he angr y young Rishi Par asur ama,
in dest r oying Kings f or 21 gener at ions and per f or ming pit r u t ar panam in t heir
blood.
A quest ion may ar ise in Bhakt hAs' minds--if t he Lor d is indeed mer cif ul and
compassionat e, how can He ever even cont emplat e t he killing of even a single
per son, king or ot her wise, leave alone 21 gener at ions of t hem?
Swami Desikan f ur nishes t he answer t o t his puzzle in Daya Sat akam. The Kings
who inhabit ed t he wor ld dur ing Sr i Par asur ama' s t imes wer e wor se t han
asur as, having slipped f r om t heir divine dut ies of pr ot ect ing t heir subj ect s and
NAMA 69 NAMA 69 NAMA 69
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of leading a lif e f ounded on adhar ma. Knowing f ully well t hat t hey could not be
br ought back t o t he pat h of r ight eousness t hr ough advice or per suasion, t he
Lor d decided t o dest r oy t hem ,lest t hey f all f ur t her in t he pur suit of t heir
unholy obj ect ives. Hence it was essent ially t o pr event t hese misguided
Kshat r iyas f r om cont inuing a lif e of sin and misdeed, t hat t he Lor d cut t heir
lives shor t , af f or ding t hem an oppor t unit y in a dif f er ent bir t h, t o r edeem
t hemselves. Thus it is def init ely an act of mer cy on t he Lor d' s par t , t o have
dest r oyed t hem, says Swami Desikan.
Sr i Par asur ama' s exploit s ar e descr ibed in det ail in t he Vamana Pur ana, in t he
f or m of a st ot r am by Vayu Bhagavan












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(9T4P ) PtF4 -9l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mat sya r oopAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO TOOK TOOK TOOK THE THE THE FORM FORM FORM OF OF OF AA A GIANT GIANT GIANT FISH FISH FISH TO TO TO SAVE SAVE SAVE HIS HIS HIS BHAKTHAS BHAKTHAS BHAKTHAS

Sr I BalaAj i Sr I BalaAj i Sr I BalaAj i
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Though t he avat ar as of t he Lor d ar e numer ous, t he Mat hsya Avat ar a is
consider ed t he f ir st and f or emost .
Mat hsya avat ar a was t aken essent ially t o pr ot ect t he Vedas. When Br ahmA,
f at igued wit h t he const ant labour s of Cr eat ion, nodded of f f or a f ew moment s,
an asur a named Somaka st ole t he Vedas and made of f wit h t hem, t hus
NAMA 70 NAMA 70 NAMA 70
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r ender ing Br ahmA incapable of cont inuing wit h t he pr ocess of Cr eat ion.
The Lor d t ook avat ar a as a small f ish and swam int o t he hands of a Raj ar ishi by
name Sat yavr at a, who was an ar dent devot ee of Sr iman Nar ayana, while he was
per f or ming Sandhyavandanam in t he Vaigai r iver . Beseeched by t he st r ange
f ish t o save it f r om t he pr edat or s in t he r iver , Sat yavr at a t ook it t o his
ahsr amam and lef t it in his kamandalu (wat er cont ainer ). Over night , t he f ish
out gr ew t he kamandalu and sought bigger quar t er s. Let in a wat er t ub, t he f ish
gr ew manif old and had t o be t r ansf er r ed t o a pond. Cont inuing it s phenomenal
gr owt h, t he f ish out gr ew t he pond t oo, upon which t he Raj ar shi, despair ing of
f inding a body of wat er lar ge enough t o accomodat e t he st r ange cr eat ur e,
t r ansf er r ed it t o t he ocean, wher e t oo t he f ish cont inued it s acceler at ed
gr owt h. Realising t hat it could be no or dinar y f ish, but t he Lor d Himself ,
Sat yavr at a beseeched Him t o let him (Sat yavr at a) know t he meaning of all t he
st r ange happenings.
The Lor d, r esplendent in t he f or m of t he giant f ish, t old Sat yavr at a t hat a
cosmic deluge was about t o sweep all t he wor lds, t o escape f r om which t he king
should gat her about him specimens of all plant s, t r ees and lif e f or ms, so t hat
t hey could f or m t he seeds f or f r esh gr owt h, af t er t he deluge wiped
ever yt hing out , and set out wit h t hem in a special boat , t ying it t o t he hor n
r ising out of t he f ish' s snout . Sat yavr at a did as he was t old and dur ing t he
moment ous j our ney in t he swir ling wat er s of t he Pr alaya, t he Lor d, in his
assumed f or m, inst r uct ed him as t o t he nat ur e of t he individual soul, t he
Par amat ma and t he ways of at t aining t he bliss of liber at ion f r om Samsar a.
The Lor d also eliminat ed t he Somaka asur a and r est or ed Veda r aasis t o t he
bewilder ed Br ahmaa, t hus enabling t he lat t er t o car r y on wit h Cr eat ion.
The glor y and magnif icence of t he Mat hsya r oopi Bhagavan ar e chr onicled in
t he Bhaagavat a Pur ana and t he Maat sya Pur aana. Swami Desikan' s t r ibut e t o
t he Mat sya avat ar a is a r esonant one :
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192
|+PPP ~|6 =l¬ Pl¬T 7Hl 7¬ ¬T4l¬T-
H-6F6-4|74l¹|4-6 ¬r+l-4l7-46l+lP9lP·
|+!9t44r 6¹ñ |¹ñT |P¤- 9t47 9l¤77³l-
7l¬l¹lr B7lr= ¬¬46l PltF4 49- 9l6 +-+
nir magna sr ut i j aala maar gaNa dasaa dat t a kshaNai: veekshaNai:
ant a: t anvad iva ar avinda gahanaani oaudanvat eenaam apaam |
nishpr at yuha t ar anga r ingaNa mit ha: pr at yooDha paat ha: chaTaa -
DOlAr Oha sadOhaLam bhagavat O maat syam vapu: paat u na: | |
- - dasAvat Ar ast Ot r am 2











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193


(9T4P ) 9l'74l|¹ 9r× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) PaaNDavAr i pr ahar t r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO DESTROYED DESTROYED DESTROYED THE THE THE ENEMIES ENEMIES ENEMIES OF OF OF PP PANDAVAS ANDAVAS ANDAVAS! ! !

PAnDava Thoot har PAnDava Thoot har PAnDava Thoot har
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Alt hough t his t ir unAma includes t he f ive sons of King PaaNdu, it r ef er s
pr incipally t o Ar j una (as per t he Git A declar at ion, "PaaNdavAnAm
Dhananj aya:”). Ar j unA' s pr incipal enemy was his dej ect ion in having t o kill his
r elat ives, gur us et c, which was t ot ally against his Kshat r iya dhar ma of bat t ling
wit h f oes. I t is t his dej ect ion, dismay and r eluct ance t hat Sr i Kr ishna
dest r oyed t hr ough t he Git OpadEsam. Thus by eliminat ing PaaNdava' s enemy
(PaaNdavaar i), t he Lor d made Ar j una vict or ious.
I n VaishNava sampr adhAyam, it is cust omar y t o r ever e Lor d Venkat Esa as Sr i
Kr ishna Himself , t his t hir unAma at t r ibut es t he lat t er ' s deeds t o t he f or mer .
NAMA 71 NAMA 71 NAMA 71
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194
The Pandavas, due t o t heir unalloyed devot ion, occupy a special place in t he
Lor d' s hear t . The Lor d Himself r eveals t his t o Dur yodhana--"Mama Pr aanaa hi
Pandavaa:" (The Pandavas ar e my ver y lif e br eat h). Hence anyone act ing
against t heir int er est s is ipso f act o liable t o at t r act t he Lor d' s wr at h. And
t his is what happened t o t he Kaur avas, who heaped upon t he Pandavas
innumer able insult s, culminat ing in t he banishment of t he lat t er t o a long exile
in t he j ungles and denial of t heir r ight f ul shar e of t he kingdom-The Kaur avaas
wer e wiped out wit hout a t r ace, wit h none t o car r y on t heir lineage.
And was t his t he r esult of Sr i Kr ishna act ively waging war against t hese
inf idels? No, f or t he Lor d had swor n not t o wield any weapon dur ing t he
Kur ukshet r a war . As anyt hing else, it happened due t o t he mer e will of t he
Lor d, His Sankalpam. Though it was act ually Ar j una and ot her s of t he
Paandavaa ar my who dest r oyed t he opponent s, t hey wer e mer e inst r ument s in
t he hands of t he Lor d, who had made up His mind t o t hat ef f ect .
Sr i Tir umangai Azhwar t ells us t hat t he r eason t he Kaur avas lost t heir lives,
was t he insult met ed out t o Dr aupadi, t he beloved wif e of t he Pandavas, and
t hat it was t he Lor d who was r esponsible f or t heir annihilat ion--
`nftk[f ciBv[f `rcaf tmf `rcbf K ;^qyv[f*`]iyiAzAcf ec[ff B*
‘'nf tmkfK uaiAm ecyf ’'[tf taiyaT* ‘'mf epRma[f `Rqf !’ '[f[*
cnf tmlf Kzlaqkfk]f N\bfBvaftf tmf* ep]f FRmf 'yftiN\lf ;zpfp*
;nftir[f ciiBv[f Etaf M[f ni[f ba^[tf * tiRvlflikf Ek]ikf k]f EdE[*
andakan sir uvan ar asar t am ar asar kku ilayavan ani izhyai sendr u
em t amakku ur imai sey ena t ar iyaadu emper umaan ar ul! enna
sandamal kuzhaLaalakkN noot r uvar t am peNdir um eidi nool izhappa
I ndir an sir uvan t er mun nindr aanai Tir uvallikkeNi kandene
Per ia Thir umozhi: 2. 3. 6

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(9T4P ) ~lT¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr ikar aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO BLESSES BLESSES BLESSES HIS HIS HIS VOTARIES VOTARIES VOTARIES WITH WITH WITH THE THE THE BEST BEST BEST OF OF OF EVERYTHING EVERYTHING EVERYTHING

Malayappa SwAmy in Sesha VAhanam Malayappa SwAmy in Sesha VAhanam Malayappa SwAmy in Sesha VAhanam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This t ir unaamam occur s in t he 65t h sloka of Sr i Vishnusahasr anamam.
The Lor d of Seven Hills is r enowned f or shower ing on His devot ees all t hat is
auspicious, be it wealt h, wisdom, longevit y or spir it ual solace. All t hat is good is
NAMA 72 NAMA 72 NAMA 72
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196
r epr esent ed by t he wor d "Sr i:" and one who blesses His vot ar ies wit h t he best
of ever yt hing is "Sr eekar a:”
Ther e is appar ent ly no limit t o t he bount ies t he Lor d blesses us wit h.
Accor ding t o Swami Desikan, even af t er shower ing t he devot ee wit h all
auspicous t hings in His possession, t he Lor d f eels t hat He has done pr ecious
lit t le f or t he devot ee:
"t amadu anait t hum avar t amakku vazhangium
t aam miga vilangum amaivudaya Ar ulaalar ".
Ther e ar e any number s of examples f or t he Lor d' s Sr eekar at vam:
1. He t r ansf or med t he penniless Kuchela int o an ext r emely wealt hy per son
over night , all in r et ur n f or a f ist f ul of "aval".
2. He r aised Sr i Dhr uva f r om t he sor r y st at e of a pr ince spur ned by his own
f at her , t o t he exalt ed posit ion of t he Pole St ar , r eining t he skies wit h
splendour .
3. He f ur nished t he beleagur ed Dr aupat i wit h a copious supply of clot h, saving
her modest y f r om being out r aged by Ducchaasana.
4. He ar r anged f or t he Pandava pr inces, dr iven f r om t heir own land, t o become
r uler s of Hast inapur a, t hr ough a bloody bat t le which eliminat ed much of
t he r if f -r af f of t he r oyal clan which was plaguing t he wor ld.
The af or esaid is t he or dinar y pur por t of "Sr eekar a:” The Sahasr anama nir ukt i
slokas f ur nish a mor e int er est ing meaning f or t he wor d:
"Vyuhaadishu avat aar eshu svaanur oopaam kar ot i t aam
Shr iyam ya: asou Shr eekar a: syaat munyar na: Shr eekar o manu: "
The Lor d is so enamour ed of His Consor t Sr i t hat He ar r anges f or her t o be
bor n along wit h Him in all His avat aar aas t oo, assuming f or ms appr opr iat e t o
His own. When He is bor n as t he Magnif icent Monar ch Sr i Rama, She t oo t akes
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197

bir t h as t he daught er of an equally gr eat king, Sr i J anaka, equal t o and
complement ing Him in ever y way. Dur ing t he Kr ishnavat ar a, She is bor n as
Rukmini, ideally suit ed t o Him in all r espect s. And so on. I t is t his t r ait of t he
Lor d, in ensur ing t he accompaniment of His Consor t in all His avat aar aas t hat
makes Him "Sr eekar a:”
This int er pr et at ion of t he t er m is ideally suit ed t o Sr inivasa t oo, as He
ar r anged f or Sr i Padmavat i t o be bor n as t he daught er of Akaasha Raaj a and
wed her at t he ear liest oppor t unit y, making HI m a r eal "Sr inivasa" (abode of
Sr i or Mahalakshmi).













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(9T4P ) 79t4Tl 97HF¤ HT¹ \4l6P64 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) upat yakaa pr adEsast ha Sankar a dhyaat a moor t aye Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO ASSIGNED ASSIGNED ASSIGNED KK KAPILA APILA APILA THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM AS AS AS THE THE THE SITE SITE SITE FOR FOR FOR
RR RUDRAN UDRAN UDRAN'' 'SS S RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE AND AND AND MEDITATION MEDITATION MEDITATION ON ON ON HH HIM IM IM! ! !

MaLayALa NAat t u Thir upat hi MaLayALa NAat t u Thir upat hi MaLayALa NAat t u Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
When t he Lor d t ook up r esidence in Venkat am, Sr i Rudr a r ushed t her e, int ent
on wor shipping Sr i Venkat eswar a. When Sr inivasa inquir ed of Rudr a whet her
t he lat t er needed any boon. Shankar a submit t ed t hat t he one and only boon he
desir ed was t o live wher ever t he Lor d was pr esent . Sr i Venkat esa t old Rudr a
t hat He (Sr i Venkat esa) would be r esiding in t he Tir umala Hills t ill t he end of
t he Svet a Var aha Kalpam and advised Rudr a t o make t he nor t h east par t of t he
NAMA 73 NAMA 73 NAMA 73
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Tir umala valley, t he place of his r esidence. Accor dingly, Shankar a made t he
appoint ed place his r esidence and is known by t he popular name "Kapilesvar a”.
Shankar a r esides t her e unt o t his dat e in t he Kapileswar a Tir t t ham, medit at ing
on Sr i Venkat eswar a t o his hear t ' s cont ent .


















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(9T4P ) 61Pl± B¹BlT¬ ¬÷PlT6 69|F4+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) r ukmaabj a sar aseekoola lakshmeekr ut a t apasvinE Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO PERFORMED PERFORMED PERFORMED PENANCE PENANCE PENANCE ON ON ON THE THE THE BANKS BANKS BANKS OF OF OF THE THE THE LOTUS LOTUS LOTUS
POND POND POND FOR FOR FOR REGAINING REGAINING REGAINING SS SRI RI RI MM MAHALAKSHMI AHALAKSHMI AHALAKSHMI! ! !

Sr I Adhi KEshava Per umAL Sr I Adhi KEshava Per umAL Sr I Adhi KEshava Per umAL-- - Thir uvat t Ar u Thir uvat t Ar u Thir uvat t Ar u
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
We have hear d of t he ent ir e wor ld pef or ming penance, dir ect ed at t he Lor d.
This t ir unama r ecount s an inst ance wher e t he all-power f ul Lor d Himself
under t ook penance, dir ect ed at r egaining Sr i Mahalakshmi, who had deser t ed
t he Lor d and His et er nal abode, anger ed at t he Lor d' s passive accept ance of
Bhr igu Mahar shi' s appar ent insult of kicking t he Lor d in His chest , t he abode
of Mahalakshmi. Not f inding Sr i Mahalakshmi despit e diligent sear ch all over
NAMA 74 NAMA 74 NAMA 74
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t he univer se, t he Lor d, pr ompt ed by a celest ial voice, const r uct ed a pond on
t he banks of t he Suvar namukhar ee River , r aised golden lot us f lower s in t he
pond and per f or med ar cchanaa t o Sr i Mahalakshmi f or t welve year s. This is
t he Padma sar as or t he pond at t ached t o t he Tir ucchaanur t emple which we
can see t ill dat e. I t is said t hat Sr inivasa est ablished a sannidhi f or
Soor yanaar ayana on t he banks of t his pond t o make t he lot uses bloom f ast (it
is an acknowledged f act t hat lot uses spr ead t heir pet als pr ompt ed by t he
pr esence of t he Sun)--t his sannidhi f or Soor ya is also f ound even t oday at
Thir ucchaanur .
The penance of t he Lor d on t he banks of t he pond gr owing golden lot us and t he
Lor d wor shipping Mahaalakshmi wit h Sr I Mant hr am ar e descr ibed t his way:
Yayaasmi dhEvO yadhapaanga- bhEdhAt h bhidhaa j agat hyat hbhut ha- r oopa-
saalineem
abhyar cchayannanvhaamat hr a padhmair - dhyaayan labhEyEt hi dhadhaar a
chit t ham
MM MEANING EANING EANING
By whose power I am a Supr eme Being, by whose gr adat ions of anugr aham t he
dif f er ences in t he st at us of Br ahma and Rudr a ar ise, t hat myst er ious Devi of
many auspicious at t r ibut es will be t he obj ect of my daily wor ship wit h t hese
golden lot uses f or f ulf illment of my wish t o r eunit e wit h her .
Lor d Sr inivaasa r ecit ed Lakshmi Mant hr am and per f or med penance, while
seat ed in PadhmAsanam wit h a t r anquil mind.
Suvar Na PadhmAr chit ha mant hr a moor t hyr - j agat h suhr ut h
pr at hyahavr uddha bhAva:
Sa dhAr aNAyAm Pr abhur apyur ut hE Thaamm svadhaar aNAyAm pr abhut hAm
na lEbhat hE
Lor d Sr I nivAsan wor shipped Sr i Mant hr a Moor t hy and gr ew t he power of His
penance day by day. He pr act iced t he st ep of Dhaar aNai of Asht Anga Yogam
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202
and became incapable of being wit hout His Devi. He longed f or Her .
On t he Kaar t higai mont h Fr iday, when Ut t hir Ada const ellat ion was in
ascendance, Mahaa Lakshmi appear ed bef or e Her Lor d dur ing Mait hr a
MuhUr t t ham.Bhagavaan' s t apas came t o f r uit ion and t he appear ance of Mahaa
Lakshmi on a gem-bedecked golden char iot out of t he pond gr owing golden
lot uses is descr ibed t his way:
Sar at hna- mukt hA- makuDOt hpalAkshee smEr AnanA t at hr a Sar Oj a- hast hA
Chat hur bhuj A BhUshit ha - bhavya vakshA : SukhOpavisht A dhadhr usEaTa
Lakshmee:
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Bhagavan had t he dar sanam of His obj ect of desir e, Mahaa Lakshmi wit h Her
cr own st udded wit h gems and pear ls, wit h eyes like blue lot uses, wit h a gent le
smile and f our ar ms, wit h ver y many decor at ions and seat ed comf or t ably on a
lot us f lower .
Mahaa Lakshmi st epped down f r om t he golden char iot and j oined once again
her f avor it e place of r esidence on t he Lor d' s chest .








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(9T4P ) ¬B‘÷Pl T¹l¹¬l= 7¬ T-rl¹T U= ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) lasalakshmI kar AmbhOj a dat t a kalhAr aka sr aj E Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO RECIEVED RECIEVED RECIEVED FROM FROM FROM THE THE THE RESPLENDENT RESPLENDENT RESPLENDENT, , , LOTUS LOTUS LOTUS SOFT SOFT SOFT
HANDS HANDS HANDS OF OF OF MM MAH AH AHA L A L A LAKSHMI AKSHMI AKSHMI, , , THE THE THE GARLAND GARLAND GARLAND OF OF OF KK KALH ALH ALHAA ARA RA RA FLOWERS FLOWERS FLOWERS DURING DURING DURING THE THE THE OCCASIONS OCCASIONS OCCASIONS
OF OF OF THE THE THE CHURNING CHURNING CHURNING OF OF OF THE THE THE MILKY MILKY MILKY OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN AND AND AND DURING DURING DURING THE THE THE TIME TIME TIME, , , WHEN WHEN WHEN SS SHE HE HE MANIFESTED MANIFESTED MANIFESTED
FROM FROM FROM PP PADMA ADMA ADMA SS SARAS ARAS ARAS IN IN IN RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE TO TO TO HH HER ER ER LL LORD ORD ORD'' 'SS S TAPAS TAPAS TAPAS TO TO TO REUNITE REUNITE REUNITE WITH WITH WITH HH HER ER ER! ! !

Par amapada NAt han Par amapada NAt han Par amapada NAt han
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Padma Pur ANam descr ibes t he happening at Padma Sar as, wher e t he Lor d was
per f or ming His t aps:
Ut t hAya sasmit haa Lakshmi: aagat ya Har im anj asaa
Kalhaar a maalaam unmuchya VishNO; kaNt E samar pya cha

NAMA 75 NAMA 75 NAMA 75
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204
I n addit ion t o gar landing Her Lor d, Sr I Mahaa Lakshmi appear s t o have made
Her lot us-like hands t hemselves in t o t he sof t est of gar lands ar ound t he
Lor d' s neck and delight ed Him wit h an embr ace , all t he mor e ar dent due t o
t heir unpr ecedent ed and long seper at ion :
aalingya Tamm chat hur bAhum sar va lOkaan vyalOkayat h
I n t he second inst ance of t he Lor d Recieving t he Kalhaar a gar land f or m t he
hands of MahA Lakshmi, t he r ef er ence is t o t he Svayam var am t hat t ook place
at t he milky ocean at t he end of t he chur ning f or nect ar .
Dur ing amr ut ha maTanam, MahA Lakshmi appear ed like a beaut if ul f lash of
light ning out of t he milky ocean. She made all t he dir ect ions r esplendent wit h
her kaant hi. Her Unmat ched beaut y, gener ous svabhAvam, golden hue and
Vaibhavam enchant ed t he asur As and devAs assembled on t he banks of t he
milky ocean. They all desir ed t o compet e f or her hand in mar r iage. The
mahar ishis per f or med sacr ed bat h f or MahA Lakshmi and t he DevAs
pr esent ed her wit h many aabhar aNams. She became AbhishEkavalli (decor at ed
t ender cr eeper ). She had a NeelOt hpala (KalhAr a) gar land in Her hand, which
had t he bees making sunaadham. MahA Lakshmi looked at Her Lor d and wit h
gr eat love; she placed t he KalhAr a gar land ar ound t he beaut if ul neck of Her
Lor d dur ing t hat "svyamvar am ".
Sr I Naar AyaNa Bhat t adhir i descr ibes t his auspicious scene of MahA
Lakshmi' s svyamvar am besut if ully:
Var aNa- sr aj Am- aat t habhr unga- naadhAm
dhadhat hi Saa kucha- kumbha- mandhayAnaa
padha- sinj it ha- manj u- noopur A ThvAm
kalit ha- vr eela- vr eelavilAsam Asasaadha
MM MEANING EANING EANING
That MahA Lakshmi (af t er being pr epar ed f or Her Svayavar am by t he Sages
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205

and t he DevAs) had a Flower gar land in her hand r esonant wit h t he r eenkAr am
of t he bees f or select ing her husband. Slowed down by t he weight of her
heavy br east s, she walked gent ly t owar ds Her Lor d wit h gr eat modest y
and was accompanied by t he auspicious sounds of her ankle bells .She placed
t he KalhAr a gar land ar ound t he neck of Lor d Venkat Esa since He had no
blemishes and he was an embodiment of all auspicious at t r ibut es . Thus she
chose t he Lor d as Her divine consor t .
















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(9T4P ) Hl¬¤lP |+4lBl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Saalagr aama nivaasaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES IN IN IN THE THE THE SAALAGRAAMA SAALAGRAAMA SAALAGRAAMA STONES STONES STONES

Saaloagr Ama MUr t hys Saaloagr Ama MUr t hys Saaloagr Ama MUr t hys
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d may be pr esent ever ywher e, but t her e ar e cer t ain places and obj ect s
which can boast of His const ant and pr ef er r ed pr esence. One of t hese is t he
Saalagr aama silaa or t he Saalagr aama st one, which is t o be f ound in and ar ound
t he r iver Gandaki in Nepal. On it s banks is also locat ed a beaut if ul t emple of
t he Lor d, adulat ed by Sr i Tir umangai Azhwar , known by t he same name
(Saalagr aamam) or as Mukt inaat h. Azhwar is so enamour ed of t his par t icular
sannidhi t hat he const ant ly counsels his mind t o r each and r eside at t his
hallowed kshet r am:
"Saalagr aamam adai nenj e".
NAMA 76 NAMA 76 NAMA 76
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The beaut y of t he Saalagr ama mur t hy is t hat unlike idols, in which t he Lor d' s
pr esence has t o be sought and obt ained t hr ough appr opr iat e mant r as, t he Lor d
r esides const ant ly in t he f or mer , obviat ing any necessit y f or t ime-consuming
and dif f icult r it uals t o ensur e His pr esence. This makes t he st one t he easiest
f or m in which t he Lor d could be wor shipped, by even a lay per son who doesn' t
have knowledge of r it uals.
Saalagr aama moor t hies ar e of myr iad var iet ies, many having in t hem small
holes ador ned by cir cular , discus-like pat t er ns, made in t hem over hundr eds of
year s by an insect known as Vaj r akeet am. I t is indeed wonder f ul t o see some
of t he moor t hies wit h signs of t he Sudar sana Chakr a, t he Panchaj anya
shankha, t he f lag, a lot us et c., all of which ar e symbols of Sr i Mahavishnu.
The ver y pr esence of t his Saalagr aama sila in t he house br ings t o it all
auspiciousness, bot h mat er ial and spir it ual. Wat er in which t he st one has been
bat hed is capable of cur ing even t he deadliest of diseases. Conver sely,
scr ipt ur es say t hat a house in which t he Saalagr aama sila is not t her e is
equivalent t o a cemet er y, ir r espect ive of it s ot her ador nment s and ament ies.
Volumes have been wr it t en about t he glor y of such Saalagr aama silaas. Since
t hey f or m t he Lor d' s pr ef er r ed abodes, He is known as "Saalagr aama
nivaasa: ”






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(9T4P ) HT †¬¬l¬¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Suka dr ug gOcar aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD, , , WHO WHO WHO MADE MADE MADE HH HIMSELF IMSELF IMSELF VISIBLE VISIBLE VISIBLE TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI SS SHUKHA HUKHA HUKHA BB BRAHMAM RAHMAM RAHMAM

KalyANa Naar ayaNan KalyANa Naar ayaNan KalyANa Naar ayaNan-- - DwAr akai DwAr akai DwAr akai
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Sage Vyasa' s son, r enowned as Shukha Br ahmam on account of his absolut e
det achment f r om all t hings mundane and his boundless devot ion, once hear d of
t he glor ies of Venkat esa. He immediat ely came t o Padma Sar as (wher ef r om Sr i
Mahalakshmi emer ged t o r eunit e wit h Sr inivasa), per f or med penance on it s
banks, est ablished a village named af t er him and, out of 108 lot us f lower s f r om
t he Padma Sar as, cr eat ed 108 Br ahmins belonging t o six got r aas and
NAMA 77 NAMA 77 NAMA 77
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inst r uct ed t hem in Br ahma Vidya. On t he occasion of t he Br ahmot savam at
Tir umala, Sr i Shukha r eached t he holy hills along wit h t he 108 er udit e
Br ahmins and allot t ed t o t hem t he pr ivilege of car r ying t he Lor d on var ious
vaahanams dur ing t he Ut savam.
On t he f inal day of t he Ut savam, known as t he Avabhr ut a day, t he Lor d
blessed Shukha wit h a dar shan in per son and, in r esponse t o t he Mahar shi' s
desir e, or dained t hat t he 108 br ahmins would cont inue t o r eside at
Tir ucchuganur (named af t er t he Mahar shi), sust aining t hemselves wit h gr ains
gr own in it s f ields and per f or ming kainkar yam as car r ier s of t he Lor d' s
vehicles, dur ing ever y Br ahmot savam. Ther eaf t er , Sr i Shukha cir cumambulat ed
t he Padma Sar as and t he moor t hies of Sr i Kr ishna, Sr i Balar ama and
Sr i Soor yanar ayana and ascended t o Br ahmalokam.











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(9T4P ) +l¹l4Tl|¤6lH9 =+†|¹494l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nAr AyaNa ar t hit a asesha j ana dhr ugvishayaaya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO, , , BESEECHED BESEECHED BESEECHED BY BY BY AA A BB BRAHMIN RAHMIN RAHMIN NAMED NAMED NAMED NN NARAYANA ARAYANA ARAYANA, , , BECAME BECAME BECAME
VISIBLE VISIBLE VISIBLE IN IN IN ALL ALL ALL HH HIS IS IS GLORY GLORY GLORY TO TO TO THE THE THE EYES EYES EYES OF OF OF THE THE THE ENTIRE ENTIRE ENTIRE WORLD WORLD WORLD

Nar AyaNAdr I ShikAmaNi Nar AyaNAdr I ShikAmaNi Nar AyaNAdr I ShikAmaNi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS:: :
Her e is a st or y f r om t he Br ahmaanda Pur ana. Nar ayana was an ext r emely pious
br ahmin, who, out of an uncont r ollable desir e t o see t he Lor d, per f or med
penance of a ver y high or der , almost impossible of per f or mance.
When t he Lor d, pleased by t he Br ahmin’s ef f or t s, appear ed bef or e him t o
ascer t ain t he lat t er ' s desir e, Nar ayana t old t he Lor d t hat he needed not hing,
NAMA 78 NAMA 78 NAMA 78
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211

t he sight of t he Lor d it self being ext r emely f ulf illing.
Compelled by t he gener ous Lor d t o seek some boon or t he
ot her , Nar ayana point ed out t hat it would be impossible f or or dinar y people t o
per f or m such penance t o see t he Lor d and r equest ed Him t o t ake up
r esidence in t he hills, in such a f or m t hat each and ever y mor t al, ir r espect ive
of cast e, cr eed, colour et c., would be able t o see Him in all His magnif icence.
The Lor d consent ed and if we ar e able t o have a glor ious dar shan of Sr inivasa
even t oday, we have only t he Br ahmin Nar ayana t o t hank f or .
I n commemor at ion of t his moment ous event , t he hill wher e Nar ayana
per f or med penance came t o be known as "Nar ayanaadr i". And ever y year , t he
day t he Lor d appear ed bef or e t he Br ahmin (Avani shukla dvaadasi) is
celebr at ed by t he ar cchakaas by per f or ming abhishekam and wor ship t o t he
Lor d' s t ir uvadi f ound in Nar ayanaadr i.











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(9T4P ) P¬4l¹|BTl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mr ugayaar asikaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS ENAMOURED ENAMOURED ENAMOURED OF OF OF HUNTING HUNTING HUNTING! ! !

Gaj Endr a MOksham Gaj Endr a MOksham Gaj Endr a MOksham
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Br ahmaanda Pur ana t ells us t hat Sr inivasa' s f avour it e spor t was hunt ing
and t hat t he Lor d r oamed t he Tir umala hills, bow and ar r ow in hand, killing not
NAMA 79 NAMA 79 NAMA 79
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only pr edat or s causing har m t o people, but also a host of asur aas har assing t he
innocent and pious. Dur ing such hunt ing expedit ions, t he t r ibal hunt er s of t he
hills of f er ed Him millet s, honey, et c., t r eat ing Him as belonging t o t heir clan
and t he king t her eof .
Sr i Var aha Pur ana also t ells us t hat pr ior t o His wedding wit h Sr i Padmavat i,
t he Lor d assumed t he gar b of a Pr ince on a hunt ing expedit ion and r eached t he
spor t ing gar dens in t he Akasha Raj a' s palace, using hunt ing as a r use t o meet
His beloved.
Ut t hamUr Swamy' s anubhavam of t he Lor d' s penchant f or hunt ing t o dest r oy
t he wild animals har ming ot her animals of t he f or est is capt ur ed in t he
f ollowing slOkam paasages f r om Sr I Venkat Esa KalyANa Char it ham:
His appear ance as a hunt er : "dhr ut ha dhanus- sar a- r asmi- kasa: " (His hands
had bow, ar r ows, r eins of t he hor se and whip, while He was seat ed on a hor se
wit h sky blue hue and whit e legs).
He at t acked t he bear , r heinocer es and por cupines wit h ar r ows, swor d and
shar p-edged weapons. His hor se was t r anspor t ing Him wit h speed appr oaching
t hat of t he wind on t his hunt ( pavana maanya vaplava vaaj inaa) .He r oamed
ar ound t he Venkat am hills and engaged in t he spor t of hunt ing :
nikhila yEva nir aikshi gir i: kr ut hA kar unayA mr ugayA mr ugayApanee
While chasing a wild elephant , He ar r ived at t he spor t ing gr ound of AakAsa
Raaj an' s daught er (PadhmAvat hi) and r est is hist or y. His hunt was a r use t o
get t o t he place, wher e pr incess PadmAvat hi was spor t ing wit h her f r iends
leading up t o His Sobhana Vivaaham.


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(9T4P ) 49¬lB¹ rl|¹T ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ishabhAsur a haar iNE Sr I Venkat EsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO KILLED KILLED KILLED VV VRUSHABHAASURA RUSHABHAASURA RUSHABHAASURA AND AND AND THEREAFTER THEREAFTER THEREAFTER
ELEVATED ELEVATED ELEVATED HIM HIM HIM TO TO TO AA A MERITOROUS MERITOROUS MERITOROUS WORLD WORLD WORLD!! !

Sr I Malayappar Sr I Malayappar Sr I Malayappar -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS:: :
The Br ahmanda Pur ana t ells us t hat Vr ishabhasur a was a Siva bhakt a, who lived
sout h of Tir umala and adher ed f ait hf ully t o his avocat ion of har r assing and
t or ment ing saadhus. To his sur pr ise, he f ound a huge hill suddenly mat er ialising
t her e. At t r ibut ing t his t o t he wor k of some Maayaavi, Vr ishabha sear ched t he
hill f or t he sor cer or and f ound t he Lor d, in t he gar b of a hunt er . Sur e of his
own capabilit y t o dispose of t he int r uder easily, Vr ishabha commenced bat t le
wit h t he hunt er , but f ound t o his dismay t hat t he lat t er was no or dinar y
nomad, but ext r emely well-ver sed in t he ar t of war , so much so as t o dest r oy
NAMA 80 NAMA 80 NAMA 80
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Vr ishabha' s lar ge ar my j ust like swat t ing f lies. At t he end of a long-dr awn
st r uggle in which t he asur a used ever y t r ick in his vast r eper t oir e, all in vain,
he r ealised t hat his opponent was no or dinar y mor t al, but ver ily t he Lor d
Himself . Seeing all his ar my wiped out in a t r ice by t he f lames of t he
Sudar sana Chakr a and coming t o t er ms wit h his own impending end, t he asur a
sought r ef uge in t he Lor d and sought f or giving f or all his sins and pur if icat ion
t hr ough a deat h t hr ough t he Chakr ayudha. The Lor d obliged t he asur a by
inst r uct ing Sudar sanaazhwan suit ably and t he asur a ascended t o t he good
wor lds above.
Anot her ver sion f ound in t he Bhavishyot t ar a Pur ana r ef er r ing t o anot her asur a
of t he same name who r ecieved t he anugr aham of Lor d Venkat esa: On t he
banks of t he Tumbur u Teer t t ham in Tir umala, one Vr ishabhasur a was
per f or ming an ext r emely st r ange and bloody pooj a t o t he Salagr ama Shila of
Sr i Nr isimha Mur t hy, f or f ive t housand long year s--he used t o of f er his own
sever ed head t o t he Lor d, as t oken of his st aunch bhakt i and willingness t o
make t he supr eme sacr if ice f or t he Lor d' s sake. Due t o his devot ion, he used
t o be blessed wit h a new head, ever yt ime he cut of f one f or of f er t o t he
Lor d. Pleased wit h t his st r ange but ar dent of f er ing, Sr inivasa appear ed
bef or e t he asur a and inquir ed as t o his desir e. The asur a, as st r ange in t he
boon he sought as was his mode of wor ship, sought t o f ight wit h t he Lor d and
was duly killed af t er a gor y bat t le, t hr ough t he Chakr ayudha of t he Lor d,
at t aining mer it or ious wor lds.





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(9T4P ) HV+l¬l× 964 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anj anaa got r a- pat ayE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE LL LORD ORD ORD OF OF OF THE THE THE AA ANJANAADRI NJANAADRI NJANAADRI! ! !

Panchamukha Anj anEyar Panchamukha Anj anEyar Panchamukha Anj anEyar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The st or y of Anj ana is t o be f ound in det ail in bot h t he Br ahmanda and t he
Bhavishyot t ar a Pur anas. An asur a named Kesar i sought t he blessing of Sr i
Shankar a f or beget t ing a son. However , due t o lack of Put r a bhaagyam in t he
asur a' s j anma, Shankar a t old him t hat he would be blessed wit h a daught er ,
who, in t ur n, would beget a son whose f ame would spr ead in t he t hr ee wor lds.
NAMA 81 NAMA 81 NAMA 81
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Accor dingly, a beaut if ul daught er was bor n t o t he asur a, who named her
Anj ana and mar r ied her of f t o a vaanar aa by name Kesar i. For long, t he couples
wer e not blessed wit h pr ogeny. Hence Anj ana per f or med penance on t he banks
of t he Akasha Ganga at Tir umala and was blessed by Vayu bhagavan wit h a
f r uit ever y day. Shiva and Par vat i, t aking t he f or m of vaanar aas, wer e enj oying
conj ugal bliss, which indir ect ly caused t he Anj ana t o conceive. When Anj ana
was dismayed at t he signs of pr egnancy in her despit e her celibat e and ascet ic
exist ence, she was assur ed by an asar eer i (a voice f r om t he heavens) t hat she
was not t o wor r y and t hat what had happened t o her was par t of t he divine
dispensat ion.
I n cour se of t ime, Anj ana gave bir t h t o an ext r emely handsome and vir ile child,
anj aneya. I mmediat ely on bir t h, Anj aneya mist ook t he Sun t o be a f r uit in t he
sky and f lew up t o gr ab t he same. The f r ight ened Br ahma, mist aking t he child
t o be some Mayavi asur a, let loose t he Br ahmast r a, which f ell back t o t he
ear t h. All devas descended t o Tir umala and blessed t he br ave child wit h
numer ous boons. This was Hanuman, who went on t o per f or m may a memor able
exploit in t he ser vice of Sr i Rama.
On account of Anj ana Devi’s penance and t he bir t h of Anj aneya on t hese hills,
t hey acquir ed t he sobr iquet Anj anaadr i and Sr inivasa, who is t he Lor d of
Anj anadr i, is adulat ed as Anj ana Got r a pat i.
Anot her int r epr et at ion of t his naama of :
"Anj anaa got hr a- pat haye Sr i Venkat esaaya Nama: "
can be ext ended as “Salut at ions t o Lor d Venkat esa, who is t he Lor d of Anj anaa
got hr am ".
Lor d Venkat esa is t he Lor d of all got hr aas (lineage, f amily). He is t he aadhaar a
moor t hy of all got hr ams. He is t hus t he got hr a pat hi (t he f ounder of t he
got hr am) of Anj ana f amily, t he pr ominent member of which is Aanj aneyaa, t he
son of Vaayu and Anj anaa Devi.The impor t ance of Anj anaa got hr am is
celebr at ed t hr ough t he naming of one of t he seven hills of Venkat am as
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Anj anaadhr i.
The var ious got hr ams and t heir pr avar aas (illust r ious ancest or s) ar e cover ed
by t he Vedaas. Many of t hem ar e Mant hr a dhr usht aas, who r evealed t he Veda
Mant hr ams as t hey visualized t hr ough t he power of t heir aust er it y. For
inst ance, Vasisht a Got hr am, t he pr ogenit or linked t o t he Lor d
is Mit hr aavar unou, who had t wo sons: Vasisht a and Agast hya. Vasisht a had
t hr ee sons, one of whom is Sakt hi. Par aasar a is t he son of Sakt hi and f r om him
(Par aasar a) ar ose Vyaasa and his son Sukha Br ahmam.















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(9T4P ) 49¬l¬¬ 4l|B+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ishabhaacala vaasinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES IN IN IN THE THE THE VV VRISHABHA RISHABHA RISHABHA HILLS HILLS HILLS

Vr ushApr ut hveedhar a pat hi Vr ushApr ut hveedhar a pat hi Vr ushApr ut hveedhar a pat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Vr ishabhaasur a lived in t he Tumbur u t eer t ham near t he Tir umala hills and was
an ar dent devot ee of Sr i Mahavishnu, wor shipping Him wit h t he ult imat e of f er
of his own head as f lower t o ador n t he t ir uvadi of t he Lor d, whom t he asur a
wor shipped in a Salagr ama f or m. Due t o t he Lor d' s will, ever y day t he asur a
used t o gr ow a new head, in t he place of t he one of f er ed as t r ibut e.
Though such an unf linching devot ee pr epar ed t o of f er his own lif e at t he
Lor d' s alt ar , his nat ur al t r ait made t he asur a t or t ur e and ot her wise inf lict s
NAMA 82 NAMA 82 NAMA 82
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suf f er ing on t he sages and Mahar shis inhabit ing t he ar ea. I n r esponse t o t he
pr ayer of t hese oppr essed r ishis, t he Lor d appear ed bef or e Vr ishabaasur a.
Whose only pr ayer was t o wage war wit h t he Lor d The asur a spur ned exalt ed
posit ions, but sought only t o f ight wit h Sr i Mahavishnu. Used t o gr ant ing t he
wishes of all His devot ees, t he Lor d agr eed t o t his st r ange r equest t oo and
f ought wit h t he asur a. When he was about t o be killed by t he Lor d' s Sudar sana
Chakr a, t he asur a sought t he Lor d' s indulgence wit h his lost wish--t hat t he
hills wher e Sr i Venkat esa made His abode should be known as
"Vr ishabhaadr i". I t is t he r esult of t he Lor d' s gr ant ing t he asur a' s wish t hat
t ill dat e t he Vr ishabhaadr i r emains one of t he Lor d' s most pr ef er r ed abodes
on ear t h.













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(9T4P ) HV+lB 6 7l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anj anaa sut a daat r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO BLESSED BLESSED BLESSED AA ANJANA NJANA NJANA WITH WITH WITH AA A GLORIOUS GLORIOUS GLORIOUS SON SON SON

Sr i LakshmI nAr AyaNan Sr i LakshmI nAr AyaNan Sr i LakshmI nAr AyaNan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The t ale of Anj anadevi was nar r at ed under t he 81st nama.
Sr inivasa was r esponsible f or Anj ana beget t ing t he son, as it was he, in t he
f or m of a gypsy f or t une-t eller , dir ect ed t he gir l, gr ieving wit hout pr ogeny, t o
per f or m penance on t he banks of t he Akasha Ganga on Tir umala.
Hence He is adulat ed as t he one who blessed Anj ana wit h a son, t hough t he
NAMA 83 NAMA 83 NAMA 83
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child was act ually bor n due t o t he assist ance of Vaayu and Shiva.
















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(9T4P ) Pl¤4l4l¤ rl|¹T ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) maadhaveeya agha haar iNE Sr I Venkat EsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO DESTROYED DESTROYED DESTROYED THE THE THE SINS SINS SINS OF OF OF AA A BB BRAHMIN RAHMIN RAHMIN NAMED NAMED NAMED
MM MADHAVA ADHAVA ADHAVA

Sr I Sit a LakshmaNa HanUmat h samet ha Sr I RAmar Sr I Sit a LakshmaNa HanUmat h samet ha Sr I RAmar Sr I Sit a LakshmaNa HanUmat h samet ha Sr I RAmar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This is an ext r emely impor t ant t ir unaama, which indicat es t he r eason f or t he
Venkat am Hills acquir ing t he name. This is consider ed so impor t ant t hat t he
episode is r ecount ed bot h in t he Br ahmaanda Pur ana and t he Bhavishyot t ar a
Pur ana.
By bir t h and upbr inging a pious and devot ed Br ahmin well ver sed in t he
NAMA 84 NAMA 84 NAMA 84
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scr ipt ur es, Madhava was at t r act ed t o a chandaala woman due t o her seemly
looks. This unbecoming at t r act ion pr oved t he end of Madhava' s good conduct ,
f or he f ell headlong f or her and st ar t ed living wit h her in her slum, adopt ing all
sor t s of unbecoming behaviour like consumpt ion of f or bidden it ems et c. He was
so at t ached t o her t hat when she died, he became half -mad and r oamed all
over , unable t o get over t he pangs of separ at ion. Accident ally, he encount er ed
some devot ees going t o Tir umala and list lessly accompanied t hem, f or want of
anyt hing bet t er t o do. The moment t he bedevilled Madhava set f oot on t he
hills and commenced his climb, a huge f ir e emanat ed f r om his body, wit h an
unbear able smell and noise. When t he f ir e subsided on it s own, Madhava f ound
himself t o have r egained all his ear lier r adiance t hat comes f r om a st udy of
t he scr ipt ur es and conduct behoving such st udies--Gnanam and anusht t aanam.
I t was as if t he f ir e had dest r oyed all his sins and r est or ed his ear lier pur it y
of t hought and deed. I t was f r om t his episode t hat t he Venkat achalam got it s
name, f or "Vem" r ef er s t o chr onic sins and "kat am" t o t he act of bur ning t hem
up.
I t is per haps wit h t his in mind t hat Sr i Andal t alks about sins being bur ned
away, when we ut t er t he Lor d' s names:
" poya pizhayum pugu t ar uvaan nindr anavum t eeyinil doosaagum"







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(9T4P ) |94ñ‚ |94 ¬¬l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) pr iyangu pr iya bhakshaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL TO TO TO MILLET MILLET MILLET AND AND AND GRAINS GRAINS GRAINS OFFERED OFFERED OFFERED BY BY BY HH HIS IS IS
DEVOTEES DEVOTEES DEVOTEES

Radhaa Kr iShNaa Radhaa Kr iShNaa Radhaa Kr iShNaa
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Ther e was once a hunt er in t he Tir umala hills, who cult ivat ed some millet
(Thinai in t amizh) t oo. Ever y day, a whit e boar would appear on t he f ield t o
consume some of t he millet . Since t his lef t enough f or himself and his f amily,
NAMA 85 NAMA 85 NAMA 85
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t he hunt er didn' t mind t he boar ' s daily r aid and used t o har vest t he r est , mix
it wit h honey, of f er it t o Sr inivasa and par t ake of it t her eaf t er . One day, when
he had gone t o t he f or est t o obt ain honey, he f ound his son eat ing some of t he
millet . Anger ed at his son' s conduct of consuming f ood which had not yet been
of f er ed t o t he Lor d, t he hunt er r aised his knif e wit h har mf ul int ent . Bef or e
t he knif e could meet it s mar k, t her e was a voice f r om t he sky t elling t he
hunt er t hat since some of t he millet had alr eady been consumed by t he whit e
boar (which was none ot her t han t he Lor d), t he child was only eat ing Bhagavat
pr asaadam and hence should not be har med. When t he hunt er r epor t ed t he
st r ange event t o t he Emper or , t he lat t er f ollowed t he f or mer t o his f ield and,
f inding t he giant boar engaged in it s f avour it e occupat ion of eat ing t he
hunt er ' s millet s, f ollowed t he unique animal, which disappear ed int o an ant hill.
When t he Emper or dissolved t he ant hill by pour ing pot s of milk on t he same, he
uncover ed a glor ious vimaanam and in it , t he magnif icent , f our -ar med f or m of
Sr inivasa, as He r eigns r esplendent ly even t oday.










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(9T4P ) H6Tl¬4¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) svet a- kola- var aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO TOOK TOOK TOOK THE THE THE AVATHAARAM AVATHAARAM AVATHAARAM OF OF OF AA A WHITE WHITE WHITE BB BOAR OAR OAR TO TO TO
DESTROY DESTROY DESTROY THE THE THE ASURAN ASURAN ASURAN, H , H , HIRANYAAKSHAN IRANYAAKSHAN IRANYAAKSHAN AND AND AND BRING BRING BRING BACK BACK BACK BB BHUMI HUMI HUMI DD DEVI EVI EVI FROM FROM FROM THE THE THE SITE SITE SITE
UNDER UNDER UNDER THE THE THE OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN!! !

Sr I BalAj i Sr I BalAj i Sr I BalAj i
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Sr i Venkat esa Mahaat hmyam (slokam 3.20) celebr at es t he incar nat ion of
Lor d Venkat esa as a gigant ic, beaut if ul whit e Boar (Svet ha Var aahan) t o kill
t he asur an, Hir anyaakshan and t o liber at e Mot her Ear t h (Bhumi Devi) f r om t he
asur an' s pr ison under t he oceans. The Lor d lif t ed Bhumi DEvi and gent ly placed
her on His t usk and ar ose out of t he wat er s of t he ocean and gave st abilit y f or
her on t he ear t h. The Venkat esa Maahaat hmya Slokam descr ibing Svet ha Kola
NAMA 86 NAMA 86 NAMA 86
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Var aaha avat haar am t akes t his f or m:
Var am Svet ha- Var aahaakhyam samhaar a- dhar aneedhar am
sva dhamsht r aabhyaam dhar oddhaar am Sr inivaasam bhaj e anisam
Var aaha Pur aanam (Svet ha Var aaha kalpam: Par t I , Chapt er 1 and 3) also
descr ibes in det ail t he Svet ha Var aaha avat haar am. Bhumi Devi' s sinking in t he
Pr alaya wat er s, our Lor d t aking t he Svet ha Var aaha f or m t o r escue Bhumi
Devi, our Lor d' s f ier ce f ight wit h Hir anyaakshan in Paat haalalokam, t he killing
of t he asur an and br inging Bhumi Devi out of t he Ocean ar e descr ibed in
Var aaha Pur aanam. Svet ha Var aahan decided t o st ay f or a while on Ear t h and
pr ot ect t he people. He asked Gar uda t o br ing Kir it aachalam f r om Sr i
Vaikunt am and had it placed near Svar namukhar i r iver and on t he banks of
Swamy Pushkar ani.
The devaas, who came t o of f er t heir wor ship, wer e f r ight ened by t he f r ight f ul
count enance of Svet ha Var aahan wit h t he gigant ic t usks and t wist ed eye br ows
and His awesome weapons .The devaas appealed t o t he Lor d t o display a
t r anquil f ace f or t he people t o appr oach Him comf or t ably and t he Lor d
obliged and appear ed wit h f our ar ms and a whit e f ace and accompanied by
Bhumi Devi . He t old t he Devaas t hat He liked Venkat aadhr i mor e t han Sr i
Vaikunt am and t hat He will st ay at Venkat aadhr i t o bless His devot ees and t o
gr ant t hem t heir desir ed wishes. He st ays even t oday t her e and gave t he name
of Aadhi Var aaha Kshet hr am t o Thir umala.





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(9T4P ) +l¬¤+ 94l¤l¹l BT 7rlT4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neela dhEnu payO dhAr A sEka dEhOt bhavAya Sr I
VenkaTEsaya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO MANIFESTED MANIFESTED MANIFESTED DUE DUE DUE TO TO TO IMMERSION IMMERSION IMMERSION IN IN IN THE THE THE MILK MILK MILK OF OF OF BLACK BLACK BLACK
COWS COWS COWS!! !

Sr I Kr iShNan Sr I Kr iShNan Sr I Kr iShNan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
A gr oup of cowher ds came t o Emper or Tondaman, wit hin whose kingdom
Tir umala hills lay, wit h a r at her st r ange and incr edible st or y. Accor ding t o
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t hem, t heir cows wer e playing t r uant and empt ying t heir udder s in an ant hill, on
t heir way home f r om gr azing. However vigilant t hey wer e, t he cows evaded
t heir mast er s and shower ed t heir bount y on t he ant hill dut if ully, ever y day.
Unable t o put up wit h such insubor dinat ion f r om t heir char ges, t he cowher ds
r epr esent ed t o t he Emper or f or some r emedial act ion.
The cur ious Emper or accompanied t he cowher ds t o t he ant hill and, pr ompt ed
by a dr eam he had t he pr evious night which coincided wit h t he account of t he
cowher ds, dissolved t he ant hill wit h pot af t er pot of milk f r om t he Neela
dhEnus (Kaar Am pasu). Lo and behold, what emer ged was a magnif icent
vimaanam and r esplendant in t he same was t he glor ious f or m of Sr i
Venkat eswar a, holding t he Sudar sana Chakr a, Paanchaj anya et c. The
Chakr avar t t hi built a beaut if ul t emple f or t he Lor d, wher e He r esides t ill dat e.












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(9T4P ) HT¹ |94|P×l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankar a pr iya mit r aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE BELOVED BELOVED BELOVED FRIEND FRIEND FRIEND OF OF OF SS SHANKARA HANKARA HANKARA! ! !

kALinga nar dhanam kALinga nar dhanam kALinga nar dhanam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Despit e t he r elat ionship of Cr eat or and Cr eat ion subsist ing bet ween t he Lor d
and Rudr a, t her e is a st r ong bond of f r iendship bet ween t he t wo, due t o t he
f or mer ' s soulabhyam (ext r eme accessibilit y) and souseelyam (t he t r ait of
mingling as one among His own cr eat ed ent it ies).As an indelible pr oof of t his,
t he Lor d has of f er ed t he r ight side of His glor ious t ir umeni as per manent
abode t o Rudr a, which is evident f r om Sr i Nammazhwar ' s wor ds:
"valat t anan Tir upur am er it t avan idam per a"
As it behoves a t r ue f r iend, t he Lor d always r ushes t o t he r escue of Rudr a,
whenever t he lat t er is in any dist r ess, as can be deduced f r om t he episodes of
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Baanaasur a, Kapaala Moksham, Tr ipur a samhaar am et c.




















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(9T4P ) ¬l=9× |94l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) cOla put r a pr iyaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS VERY VERY VERY FOND FOND FOND OF OF OF AA AKAASA KAASA KAASA RR RAAJA AAJA AAJA OF OF OF
CC CHOLA HOLA HOLA DYBASTY DYBASTY DYBASTY! ! !

Vr uShAdr i Hit haishiNan Vr uShAdr i Hit haishiNan Vr uShAdr i Hit haishiNan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This naama r elat es t o t he St hala pur aanam. When Mahaa Lakshmi lef t Sr i
Vaikunt am in anger over t he insult of Bhr ugu Mahar aishi, Vaikunt anat han could
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234
not bear His solit ude and made His way t o Venkat adhr i and ent er ed in t o an ant
hill under a t amar ind t r ee on t he sout her n bank of Swamy Pushkar ani. Br ahma
and Rudr a assumed t he f or m of a cow and calf t o ser ve t heir Lor d .Mahaa
Lakshmi t ook t he f or m of a cowher dess and sold t he cow and calf t o t he Chola
king, who sent t he cow f or gr azing t o Venkat aadhr i hills .The cow st ood over
t he ant hill ever y day and empt ied it s udder t o f eed t he Lor d inside t he ant
hill.The shepher d now under st ood why t he cow was not yielding any milk. He
hit t he cow wit h an axe and t he Lor d came out of t he ant hill t o r ecieve t he
blow dir ect ed at t he cow. The blood spilled over t he cow and it r an back t o
Chola king' s cour t t o invit e t he at t ent ion of t he chola king; Lat t er ar r ived at
t he scene and r ecieved t he cur se of t h Lor d f or t he of f ense commit t ed by his
ser vant ( t he cowher d ) and was t old t hat t he king' s cur se will be lif t ed, when
he would pr esent a cr own f or t he Lor d dur ing t he occasion of t he mar r iage of
his daught er Padmaavat hi t o Him ( t he Lor d) in t he next bir t h. The Chola king
was bor n as t he br ot her of Thondaimaan wit h t he name of Aakaasa Raaj a. He
mar r ied his daught er Pamaavat hi t o t he Lor d and became dear t o t he Lor d.









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(9T4P ) B¤|PTl B¬6-4 97l× ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sudhar minee sucait anya pr adaat r E nama Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO REJUVENATED REJUVENATED REJUVENATED SS SUDHARMINEE UDHARMINEE UDHARMINEE AND AND AND HER HER HER CHILD CHILD CHILD! ! !

Sr I Sr I nivasar Sr I Sr I nivasar Sr I Sr I nivasar
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
A Br ahmin f r om Chandr apur i by t he name Kr ishna Shar ma appr oached
Tondaman Chakr avar t i f or assist ance in t aking car e of his wif e Sudhar minee,
who had j ust deliver ed a child and was hence t oo weak t o accompany him on his
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236
planned t r ip t o Kashi. As it would be mor e t han a year bef or e he r et ur ned, t he
Br ahmin want ed t o ent r ust his wif e and child t o t he saf e cust ody of t he king.
The Emper or r eadily agr eed and allot t ed quar t er s t o Sudhar minee, pr oviding
her wit h f ood and gr ains t o last unt il six mont hs, wit h st r ict inst r uct ions f or
her not t o come out of t he quar t er s. Kr ishna Shar ma lef t on his pilgr image and
t he Emper or , in t he midst of all his af f air s of st at e, f or got about his war ds.
When Kr ishna Shar ma r et ur ned af t er a year and sought r eunion wit h his wif e ,
t he Emper or was j olt ed and r emember ed wit h r egr et his pr ovision of f ood only
f or six mont hs t o t he weak woman and inst r uct ions ( f or her own saf et y) not t o
come out of t he house. Beside himself wit h wor r y, t he Emper or t old Kr ishna
Shar ma t o t ake r est f or a day and went per sonally t o t he quar t er s allot t ed t o
Sudhar minee, only t o have his wor st f ear s conf ir med--bot h t he lady and her
child lay dead, wit h only t heir skelet ons r emaining t o t ell t he t ale of st ar vat ion
t he duo had suf f er ed. Aghast at t he r esult of his neglect and f ear f ul of t he
sin t hat had at t ached t o him, t he Emper or f ell at t he f eet of t he Lor d of
Venkat am and sought His assist ance in t he mat t er . The mer cif ul Lor d
r eassur ed t he devout king and dispat ched Vishvaksena t o "Ast hi koot am", a
punya t eer t t ham t o t he nor t h east of t he t emple. Sr i Vishvaksena complied
wit h alacr it y, br ought wat er f r om t he holy pond and spr inkled t he same on t he
skelet ons. Mir aculously, t he skelet ons wer e t r ansf or med int o Sudhar minee and
her child, wit h f lesh, blood and pulsat ing lif e.
When t he Lor d asked t he r ej uvenat ed lady and her husband f or t heir desir es,
t he f or mer sought only undying devot ion t o t he Lor d' s lot us f eet as t he
ult imat e boon. The Lor d duly gr ant ed her desir e .Br ahma, Rudr a and Yogis
like Sanaka wer e wit nesses t o t his moment ous happening.





237
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Sr I LakshmI Hayagr I var Sr I LakshmI Hayagr I var Sr I LakshmI Hayagr I var
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238

(9T4P ) P¤¤l|6+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) madhu ghaat inE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO DESTROYED DESTROYED DESTROYED THE THE THE ASURAS ASURAS ASURAS MM MADHU ADHU ADHU-- -KK KAI AI AITT THAPA HAPA HAPA AND AND AND
RESTORED RESTORED RESTORED VEDAS VEDAS VEDAS TO TO TO BB BRAHMA RAHMA RAHMA
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d is t he dest r oyer of Madhu, a dr eaded asur a who st ole t he Vedas
f r om Br ahmA and hid t hem at t he bot t om of t he ocean. Wit hout t he Vedas,
Br ahma was t ot ally lost and could not pr oceed wit h t he pr ocess of Cr eat ion.
When t he baf f led Br ahma sought t he Lor d' s int er vent ion in t his r egar d, t he
Lor d assumed t he f or m of a Divine Swan (t he Hamsaavat aar a), dest r oyed t he
asur aas known as Madhu and Kait abha and per f or med upadesa of t he Veda
mant r as t o Br ahmaa again, enabling him t o pr oceed wit h Cr eat ion again. This
incident is r ef er r ed t o in Sr I VishNu sahasr a naamam in t he cont ext of t he
Name: "Madhusoodhanan". Lor d Madhusudhanan has t he hue of lot us and
car r ies f our Musalams (ulakkais) in HI s f our hands.
Ther e is also r ef er ence in Pur ANaas t o Lor d Hayagr ivan dest r oying asur an
Madhu and r est or ing t he VedAs t o Br ahma.




NAMA 91 NAMA 91 NAMA 91
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(9T4P ) T!Tl¹4 |49 47l-6 7|HTt4 97l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kr ishNaakhya vipr a Vedant a desikat va pr adaaya Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO ELEVATED ELEVATED ELEVATED AA A SCHOLRLY SCHOLRLY SCHOLRLY BB BRAHMA RAHMA RAHMANN NAN AN AN BY BY BY THE THE THE
NAME NAME NAME OF OF OF KK KRISH RISH RISHNN NAA A SHARMA SHARMA SHARMA TO TO TO THE THE THE LOFTY LOFTY LOFTY STATUS STATUS STATUS OF OF OF AA A VV VED ED EDAA ANTHAACH NTHAACH NTHAACHAA ARYAN RYAN RYAN IN IN IN HIS HIS HIS NEXT NEXT NEXT
LIFE LIFE LIFE!! !

Sr I Venkat aachalapat hy Sr I Venkat aachalapat hy Sr I Venkat aachalapat hy-- - Gunaseelam Gunaseelam Gunaseelam
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The t ale of Sudhar minee was nar r at ed under t he 90t h Nama. Kr ishna Shar ma
was t he husband of Sudhar minee. When t he Lor d appear ed bef or e t he couple,
wit h t he Tondaman Chakr avar t hi looking on, Sr inivasa t ells t he Emper or t hat
Kr ishna Shar ma is unpar allelled in devot ion, er udit ion, wisdom and in t he
obser vance of r ight eous conduct . The Lor d also pr edict s t hat Kr ishna Shar ma
would be bor n in his next j anma as an er udit e Vedant in of univer sal acclaim,
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240
imbibing and pr opogat ing t he essence of all Vedant a and, at t he end of t hat
bir t h, would r each t he Lor d' s lot us f eet . Her e ar e Sr inivasa' s wor ds of
benedict ion, as f ound in t he Br ahmanda Pur ana:
"Asou j anmaant ar e Raj an! Tr ayyant a ar t t ha pr avar t aka:
Bhavishyat i t adant e cha mat saayuj yam avaapsyat i"
Elder s in t he know of t hings t ell us t hat t his vener at ed Br ahmin Kr ishna
Shar ma was bor n lat er as Sr i Vedant a Desika at Tooppul, near Kanchipur am.
And as or dained by t he Lor d, Swami Desikan mast er ed t he essence of Veda-
VedAnt ham at t he ext r emely young age of 20 and spent t he r est of his lif e in
t he pr ot ect ion, pr eser vat ion and pr opogat ion of t he Visisht advait a Vedant a, as
laid down by Sr i Ramanuj a. But f or Swami Desikan, t he ext r emely easy
st r at egy of Shar anagat i (and it s modalit ies) f or at t aining liber at ion, would
have r emained a closely-guar ded secr et , unavailable t o t he suf f er ing masses.
I f t oday, we can r elax in t he secur e belief t hat we can indeed r each t he
covet ed gat es of Sr I Vaikunt am, wit hout adopt ing excr uciat ingly dif f icult
upaayaas, it is Swami Desikan we have t o t hank f or .








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(9T4P ) 4¹lrl¬¬ +l¤l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Var AhAcala naat hAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE MM MASTER ASTER ASTER OF OF OF VV VAR AR ARAA AHH HAA ACHALAM CHALAM CHALAM! ! !

Sr I Var Ahar Sr I Var Ahar Sr I Var Ahar -- - BElUr BElUr BElUr
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Thir umala was or iginally known as t he Aadhi Var Aha KshEt hr am. Var Aha
BhagavAn st ays wit h Bhumi Devi her e. Once Aadhi Var Ahan commanded
Gar udan t o br ing Kir it Achalam f r om Sr I Vaikunt am f or cr eat ing a home f or
Bhumi Devi. Next , He asked Gar udan t o br ing t he sacr ed wat er s f r om
Vaikunt am and had it placed in Kir it Achalam.
NAMA 94 NAMA 94 NAMA 94
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242
That sacr ed assembly of wat er s came t o be known as Swamy Pushkar aNi. Aadhi
Var Ahan t ook up His r esidence along wit h His Devi on t he west er n bank of
Swamy Pushkar aNi and enj oyed His st ay t her e. At a lat er t ime, Var Aha
BhagavAn gave per mission t o Lor d Venkat Esa t o t ake up r esidence on t he
sout her n bank of Swamy Pushkar aNi. Wit h t he passage of t ime, Sr I
Venkat EsA' s pr abhAvam (glor ies) incr eased and He came t o be known as
Var Ahachala NaaTan. Lor d Venkat Esa never f or got t hat t he sacr ed hills
(Var Ahaachalam) belonged or iginally t o Aadhi Var Ahan.
Ther ef or e, even t oday t he f ood of f er ings ar e made f ir st t o Aadhi Var Ahan
f ollowing t he command of Lor d Venkat Esan. I t is also t he wish of Lor d
Venkat Esan t hat t he wor shipper s climbing t he hills of Venkat am should of f er
t heir salut at ions t o Aadhi Var Ahan f ir st bef or e coming t o His sannidhi.












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(9T4P ) 4¬¬ãl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) balabhadr aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS VERILY VERILY VERILY SS SRI RI RI BB BALARAMA ALARAMA ALARAMA HH HIMSELF IMSELF IMSELF! ! !

Sr I VenugOpalan Sr I VenugOpalan Sr I VenugOpalan
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
While enumer at ing 14 dif f er ent t ypes of Kar ma Yogas in t he Git a, Sr i Kr ishna
includes Teer t t ha Yaat r aa or pilgr image and bat hing in holy wat er s as one
of t hem. I t was Sr i Balar ama who, t hr ough His anusht t aanam, popular ised t his
f or m of Kar ma Yoga t o t he wor ld.
I t is well known t hat Sr i Balar ama is an amsam of Sr i Adisesha, ever pr ot ect ive
of His kid br ot her Kr ishna, ensur ing t hat t he machinat ions of Kamsa do not in
any way af f ect Sr i Kr ishna. However , unlike Kr ishna, Balar ama is t he pict ur e of
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244
r ect it ude-so much so t hat whenever Kr ishna get s int o t r ouble on account
of His misdeeds, He indulges in name-dr opping, t elling indignant vict ims t hat
He is Balar ama' s br ot her , implying t her eby t hat He is capable of no wr ong. The
f amous Kr ishna Kar namr it a sloka beginning wit h "Ka: t vam Bala? Balaanuj a: "
is pr oof of t his.
Sr i Kr ishna is always submissive t owar ds elder br ot her Balar ama, as can be
der ived f r om Sr i Andal' s r emar k, "Baladevar kku or keezh kandr aai".
Balar ama' s compassion and mer cy ar e emphasized by Swami Desikan in Daya
Sat akam, when t he Achar ya point s out t hat while it is nor mal f or t he Lor d t o
disr egar d misdeeds of t he devout ; Sr i Balar ama went t o t he ext ent of
disr egar ding t hose of even t he Kaur avas.
Swami Desikan f ur nishes addit ional inf or mat ion about t his elder br ot her of Sr i
Kr ishna, in his Dasavat ar a st ot r am, slOkam 9:
91TtTl¹4 9”T 9¬64- 9lF6 9¬¹4l74-
6l¬lTF4 6¤l|4¤l |4864F6-4-6 ¬ãl|T +-·
¬l¹ HT¹44 4l|¬¹9¤¹¬6l- 9¬6¬T-
HlTlPl¹TPF47-6 =¬6 T!TF4 6l- T¬4-+
Phakkat Kaur ava paTTana pr abhr ut aya: pr aast a pr alambaadaya :
t aalaankasya t at haa vidhaa vihr ut aya: t anvant u bhadr aani na: |
Ksheer am sar kar ayEva yaabhi: apr ut hak bhoot aa: pr abhoot ai: gunai:
Aakaumaar akam asvadant E j agat E Kr ishNasya t aa: kElaya: | |
Swami Desikan t ells us t hat t he childhood exploit s of Sr i Balar ama added glor y
and appeal t o t hose of Sr i Kr ishna' s, j ust as sugar adds t ast e t o milk. This
Balar ama was ext r emely st r ong and wielded t he highly unusual weapon of an
invincible plough. We can get a f air idea of His pr owess, when we lear n t hat He
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245

dr agged t he ent ir e cit y of Hast inapur am by His plough and dumped it int o t he
Yamuna. I t was He who put an end t o t he Pr alambasur a, who was dispat ched by
Kamsa t o kill t he t oddler Kr ishna.
This Nama t ells us t hat Sr i Balar ama is none ot her t han Sr i Venkat esa.


















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(9T4P ) |×|44Pl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t r ivikr amaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO TOOK TOOK TOOK THE THE THE AVATAAR AVATAAR AVATAAR OF OF OF TT TRIVIKRAMA RIVIKRAMA RIVIKRAMA TO TO TO PUNISH PUNISH PUNISH MAHA MAHA MAHA
BALI BALI BALI FOR FOR FOR HIS HIS HIS MISDEEDS MISDEEDS MISDEEDS!! !

Sr I MahAVishNu Sr I MahAVishNu Sr I MahAVishNu
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Swami Desikan pays a t r ibut e t o t he over whelming mer cy of Sr inivasa, as
displayed in t he Tr ivikr amavat ar a, point ing out t hat t he Lor d' s lot us f eet
t ouched t he heads of all sent ient beings (ir r espect ive of cast e, cr eed, colour ,
social or economic st at us) and inanimat e obj ect s, wit h absolut ely no dist inct ion,
sanct if ying ever yt hing t hey t ouched:
NAMA 95 NAMA 95 NAMA 95
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"Asesham aviseshat a: t r ij agat Anj anaadr i Eesit u :
Char aachar am ahceekar a: char ana pankaj ena ankit am"
- - Daya Sat akam
This is a name of t he Lor d which is popular wit h t he Vedas, which cont ain
numer ous r ef er ences t o t he same. We could per haps say t hat no ot her name of
t he Lor d is ment ioned so f r equent ly in t he ent ir e hallowed body of t he Vedas,
as t hat of Tr ivikr ama. Her e ar e a f ew samples f r om t he Yaj ur Veda:
b t r eeNi padA vichakr amE Vishnu: gOpA adAbhya:
b t r EdhA Vishnu: ur ugAyO vichakr amE
b Vichakr amE pr it hivI mEsha Et Am. et c.
All t hese r ef er t o t he glor ious act of t he Lor d in seeking and obt aining j ust
t hr ee f eet of land, measur ed wit h t he t iny f oot st eps of t he Vamana (dwar f )
Br ahmachaar i and lat er gr owing int o a colossus whose head and shoulder s shot
t hr ough t he var ious wor lds above and whose giant t ir uvadi measur ed all t he
univer ses wit h a single st ep and all t he higher wor lds above wit h anot her ,
leaving no place f or t he t hir d st ep, which was ult imat ely placed upon t he
Emper or ' s head. This colossus, who t r ansf or med Himself in a second f r om a
dimunit ive Br amachaar i int o an immense, immeasur able giant .
Azhwar s t oo ar e ext r emely enamour ed of t his avat aar a and lovingly
ment ion t he name at ever y available oppor t unit y.
Sr i Andal pays t r ibut e t o:
1. "Ongi ulagalanda Ut t haman" and again,
2. "andr u iv vulagam alandaai adi pot t r i"
3. "ambar am oodar ut t hu ongi ulagalanda umbar komaan" et c.
We should not e wit h car e t hat Sr i Andal r eser ves t he r ar e sobr iquet
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"Ut t haman" (Par agon of Vir t ue) t o Tr ivikr ama.
I nt er est ingly, Sr i Nammazhwar calls Tr ivikr ama a liar and a cheat , in a light er
vain, f or having obt ained t hr ee f eet of land f r om Mahabali on f alse pr et ences,
showing His t iny f eet and lat er t ur ning t hem int o colossal f eet t hat
t r anscended t he Univer se:
b gyAlam koLvAn Kur aLAgiya vanj anE
b ar iyAmai kur aLAi nilam mAvali moovadi endr u ar iyAmai vanj it t hAi. et c.
Anot her int er est ing int er pr et at ion of "Tr ivikr ama" is one who t r anscends t he
t hr ee Vedas (t hough f our in number , Rk, Yaj us and Sama Veda ar e of t en known
as t he "t r ayee", encompassing t he f our t h, t he At har va Veda, in t heir ambit )
wit h His immeasur able and boundless glor y and magnif icene, leaving t he Vedas
spell bound and incapable of depict ing His pr aises adquat ely. The af or esaid
meaning is incopor at ed in t he f ollowing sloka:
“ t r een Vedaan kr amat e ya: hi mahimnaa sa Tr ivikr ama: ”
This Lor d holds f our scept r es in His hands as weapons, we ar e t ol:
"Tr ivikr ama: khadga paani: ”
I n complexion, t his Emper uman r esembles a br illiant f ir e-"J valana pr abha: "
"t igazh t ee nir at t han" says Swami Desikan t oo.
"Agni var nam chat ur khadgam bhaavayaami Tr ivikr amam"




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(9T4P ) Pr6 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mahat E Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS GREATER GREATER GREATER THAN THAN THAN THE THE THE GREATEST GREATEST GREATEST WHETHER WHETHER WHETHER IT IT IT IS IS IS PHYSICAL PHYSICAL PHYSICAL
FORM FORM FORM OR OR OR ATTRIBUTES ATTRIBUTES ATTRIBUTES

Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL Sr I Par t hasAr at hy Per umAL-- - VaikuNTha NAt han Thir ukOlam VaikuNTha NAt han Thir ukOlam VaikuNTha NAt han Thir ukOlam-- - Thir uallikENi Thir uallikENi Thir uallikENi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This nAmA is a t r ibut e t o t he Lor d' s gr eat ness, whet her it is in physical f or m
NAMA 96 NAMA 96 NAMA 96
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or at t r ibut es.
The Upanishad t ells us t hat t he Lor d is gr eat er t han t he gr eat est , physically:
"ano: aneeyaan, mahat o maheeyaan"
His f or m is unimaginably huge and is immeasur ably bigger t han t he biggest
ent it y we could see or even cont emplat e.
When shown a sample of t he Lor d' s visvar oopam, Ar j una is bewilder ed by it s
hugeness and bur st s out involunt ar ily in pr aise:
"Roopam mahat t e bahu vakt r a net r am
mahaa baaho bahu baahu paadam
bahoodar am bahu damsht r a kar aalam
dr ist vaa lokaa: pr avyat hit t aa: t at t haham"
MM MEANING EANING EANING
"Oh Might y Ar med One! All t he planet s wit h t heir demigods ar e dist ur bed at
seeing yOur gr eat f or m, wit h it s many f aces, eyes, ar ms, t highs, legs, st omachs
and t eet h"
The f or m of Tr ivikr ama t hat t he Lor d displayed dur ing t he Vamanavat ar a t oo
was huge, t r anscending all t he Univer ses and galaxies:
b "Ongi ulagalanda Ut t haman"
b "Amabar am oodar at t hu ongi ulagalanda umbar komane!" et c.
ar e Sr i Andal' s t r ibut es t o t his huge Lor d.
I n gr eat ness of qualit ies, splendor , br illiance, and glor y t oo, t he Lor d t ower s
head and shoulder s above anyone wit h even a pr et ension t o gr eat ness. The
same Ar j una bur st s int o pr aise, t his t ime over t he non-physical and innumer ous
auspicious at t r ibut es of t he Lor d:
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"kasmaat cha t e na namer an Mahaat man!
gar eeyase Br ahmanopi aadikar t r e
Anant a! Devesa! J agan nivaasa!
t vam sad asat t at par am yat "
"Oh Gr eat One! You ar e gr eat er even t han Br ahma, You ar e t he or iginal
Cr eat or . How can anyone avoid wor shipping you, in t he f ace of all Your glor y! O
I nf init e One! God of Gods! Sole r ef uge of t he Univer se! You ar e t he invincible
sour ce, t he cause of all causes, t r anscendent al t o all mat er ial manif est at ion".
"ot t haar mikkaar ai ilay aaya Maamaaya!"
says Sr i Nammazhwar t oo, at t est ing t he Lor d' s unpar allelled gr eat ness,
physical and ot her wise.









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(9T4P ) 89lTHl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) hr usheekEsaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESAA SAA SAA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE MM MASTER ASTER ASTER OF OF OF ALL ALL ALL II INDHRIYAAS NDHRIYAAS NDHRIYAAS! ! !

Thir u NAr AyaNan Thir u NAr AyaNan Thir u NAr AyaNan-- - Melkot e Melkot e Melkot e
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Sense or gans or I ndr iyaas, ar e known as "Hr isheekaa: "
NAMA 97 NAMA 97 NAMA 97
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253

"Har shayant i it i Hr isheekaa: "
because t hey af f or d us pleasur e, t hey ar e hr isheekas. One who is t he Mast er
of t hese senses is "Hr ishikesa: "
We know f r om exper ience t hat our sense or gans ar e t he most dif f icult t o
cont r ol--despit e our sincer e ef f or t s t o point t hem in t he r ight dir ect ion, it is
t hey which lead us on t o pat hs we do not want t o t r aver se. The Git a and t he
Upanishads compar e t hese unr uly senses, int er nal and ext er nal, t o wild hor ses
which ar e ext r emely dif f icult t o t ame and har ness.
"Balavaan I ndr iya gr aama: vidvaamsamapi kar shat i"
says an adage, t elling us t hat t he gr oup of sense or gans we have been blesse(!)
wit h is indeed power f ul and is capable of leading ast r ay even t he most er udit e
of men.
The Lor d, however , is in t ot al cont r ol of t hese sense or gans, whet her t hey be
His own or ot her s' , which is what t he Nir ukt i sloka of Sr i Vishnu Sahasr anama
St ot r a means, when it says:
"I ndr iyaanaam niyant r ut vaat Hr ishikesa: pr akeer t it a: "
The Lor d' s r ole as Ar j una' s chauf f eur indicat es t his symbolically,
wit h Par t hasar at hy holding f ir mly t he r eins of t he spir it ed hor ses
(r epr esent ing senses) and pilot ing t he char iot in t he appr opr iat e dir ect ions as
r equir ed, exhibit ing His t ot al cont r ol over t he beast s (which descr ipt ion
applies equally t o hor ses and indr iyaas).
"Tena vinaa t r iNamapi na chalat i"
is anot her saying which conf ir ms t hat even if a blade of gr ass wer e t o wave in
t he wind, it r equir es t he will of t he Par amat ma t o pr ompt t he same. Thus t he
Lor d is in t ot al cont r ol of all t he senses of all t he beings in t his Univer se,
making t hem dance t o His t unes, ver y much like a puppet eer .
Swami Desikan pr ovides an alt er nat e int er pr et at ion t o t his Hr isheekesa nama
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in Tat par ya Chandr ika, by t elling us t hat t hat t he Lor d' s f unct ions of Cr eat ion
et c., and His auspicious at t r ibut es like Gnanam, Balam, Veer yam et c., would
collect ively make Him Hr isheekesa.
This Hr ishikesa has t he br illiant complexion of a light ning, we ar e t old by
Swami Desikan ("nal nilai min ur uvaai"), and holds in His f our hands an equal
number of "Chammat t i" (Hammer s).
“ Chat ur mudgar am abhyemi Hr ishikesam t at it pr abham"















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(9T4P ) H¬46l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) acyut aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATION SALUTATION SALUTATION TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO NEVER NEVER NEVER FORSAKES FORSAKES FORSAKES HIS HIS HIS DEVOTEES DEVOTEES DEVOTEES

Mohini alankAr am Mohini alankAr am Mohini alankAr am-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
This is anot her name of t he Lor d which por t r ays His glor ious qualit y of never
f or saking His devot ees, of never slipping f r om His avowed obj ect ive of
emancipat ing t hose who sur r ender t hemselves t o Him, hear t and soul.
Swami Desikan' s def init ion of Achyut an, as one who doesn' t f or sake devot ees,
NAMA 98 NAMA 98 NAMA 98
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is br ought out by t he f ollowing sloka f r om Tat par ya Chandr ika--
"Ashr it aan na chyaavayat i at a: chyut osya
naast i it i Achyut a shabdasya kaachit nir ukt i: "
Not only does t he Lor d never slip f r om His dut y, He doesn' t per mit His
vot ar ies t oo t o slip away f r om Him. Even if we want t o move away f r om t he
Lor d and st r ay on t o t he pat h of per il, t hr ough some means or t he ot her , He
br ings us back on t he pat h t o t he Pr omised Land, guiding us t her e by hand.He
is like a t iger car r ying it s cub lovingly by it s t eet h, applying only t hat much
pr essur e t o ensur e t hat t he lit t le one doesn' t slip.
Though t he Supr eme Lor d per mit s Himself t o be count ed among Br ahmaa,
Rudr aa, Var unaa and ot her such deit ies, He never f or sakes any of His
supr emacy or bount y, t hat makes Him t ower head and shoulder s above
t hose who appear t o be His equals:
“ Saadhar myena avat aar epi Br ahma I ndr a Var unadibhi:
Na sva isvar yaat chyavat e ya: sa Achyut a: par ikeer t it a: ”
This name of t he Lor d is consider ed so hallowed t hat it is t he f ir st one of t he
t welve, ut t er ed dur ing t he pur if icat or y r it ual known as "Achamanam".
And it is t his Achyut ha nAmaa which is ment ioned f ir st by Sage Vyaasa, as
being t he per f ect panacea f or all ills of t he mind and body:
“ achyut a anant a Govinda naamocchaar ana bheshaj aat
nasyant i sakalaa r ogaa: sat yam sat yam vadaamyaham”
I t is t o t his Achyut ha t hat t he beleagur ed Dr aupat i addr esses her pr ayer ,
when her modest y is about t o be out r aged by Ducchaasana:
"Shankha Chakr a gadaa paane! Dwar akaa nilaya! achyut a!
Govinda! Pundar eekaaksha! r aksha maam shar anaagat aam"
This Achyut ha is t he r eposit or y of all t hat is auspicious and t he ant it hesis of
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257

all t hat is not , says Sr i Nammazhwar :
"Achyut han, amalan engo!”
And it is t his achyut a whom Sr i Andaal dr eams of wedding:
"ar i mukhan Achut han kai mel en kai vait t hu
por i mukham t at t a kanaa kanden t ozhee naan!"
The achyut ha t at t hvam is celebr at ed by Swamy Desikan in Sr I achyut ha
Sat hakam , a blessed wor k of 100 ver ses in Pr aakr ut ham dedicat ed t o Nadu
Naat t u Sr i ni vaasan pr esi di ng over t he dhi vya dEsam of
Thir uvaheendhr apur am .













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(9T4P ) +l¬l|ã|+¬4l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neelAdr i nilayAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESIDES RESIDES RESIDES IN IN IN THE THE THE HH HILLS ILLS ILLS KNOWN KNOWN KNOWN AS AS AS NN NEEL EEL EELAA ADHRI DHRI DHRI
(B (B (BLUE LUE LUE MM MOUNTAIN OUNTAIN OUNTAIN) ) ) IN IN IN THE THE THE CHAIN CHAIN CHAIN OF OF OF TT THIRUVENKATAM HIRUVENKATAM HIRUVENKATAM HILLS HILLS HILLS!! !! !!

Sr I RAmar Sr I RAmar Sr I RAmar -- - Thir u AyOdhi Thir u AyOdhi Thir u AyOdhi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Neeladr i acquir ed it s name due t o it s being t he abode of a vaanar a by name
Neela, as can be deduced f r om t he f ollowing Var aha Pur ana sloka:
"Neelasya vaanar endr asya yasmaat nit yam avast t hit i:
t asmaat Neela gir im naamnaa vadant i enam mahr shaya: "
Lor d Thir uvenkat amudayaan' s "neela megha nibha kaant hi" (Dar k blue hue
r esembling t he clouds of t he r ainy season) can also be viewed as being
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259

r ef lect ed on t he golden hills of Venkat am and makes t hem glow wit h a bluish
hue .Thus t hose hills gain t he name of Neelaadhr i. The Lor d who has t hose hills
as his home (nilayam) t hus comes t o be known as "Neelaadhr i Nilayan".














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(9T4P ) ¬l¹l|-¤ +l¤l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) ksheer aabdhi naat haaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA RECLINING RECLINING RECLINING ON ON ON AA AADHIS ADHIS ADHISEE ESHA SHA SHA AT AT AT THE THE THE MM MILKY ILKY ILKY OO OCEAN CEAN CEAN! ! !

Ksheer Abdhi NAt han Ksheer Abdhi NAt han Ksheer Abdhi NAt han-- - Thir u PAr kadal Thir u PAr kadal Thir u PAr kadal
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
I t is t his Ksheer Abdhi Naat han, who incar nat es var iously as Raama, Kr ishNa et
al, which would be evident f r om account s t elling us t hat whenever Devaas and
ot her s get in t o t r ouble, t hey r ush t o t he Lor d at Ksheer Abdhi f or pr ot ect ion
and it is He who per f or ms dhusht a nigr aham and sisht a par ipaalanam by
assuming var ious avat aar ams.
Among t he f avor it e r esidences of t he Lor d is t he Milky Ocean, in t he midst of
NAMA 100 NAMA 100 NAMA 100
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261

which He r eclines r esplendent ly on t he snaky bed, wit h t he waves gent ly
lapping at His f eet .
This Lor d who has Tir uppaar kadal as His abode is none ot her t han t he
Par amapur usha, says Sr i Andal:
"Paar kkadalul paiyya t uyindr a Par aman".
Ot her Diet ies may af f ect any manner of post ur es, but our Ksheer aabdi
Naat a' s f avour it e pose is t he r ecumbent one, in appar ent slumber . We say
"appar ent " because it is not act ual sleep, but "Yoga nidr aa", wit h t he Lor d lost
in cont emplat ion, wit h His eyes closed, of ways and means t o r ef or m er r ant
humanit y and t o ensur e t heir emancipat ion. This is clear f r om Sr i
Nammazhwar ' s descr ipt ion:
"ur anguvaan pol yogu punar nda Kannan".
I t is t his Paar Kadal (Milky Ocean) which is t he bir t h place of Sr i Mahalakshmi,
as Her asht ot t ar a sat a naama st ot r am indicat es:
"Lakshmeem Ksheer a Samudr a r aj a t anayaam".
I s it any wonder t her ef or e t hat t he Lor d has it as His pr ef er r ed place of
r esidence?
Apar t f r om Tir umagal, t he Ksheer aabdi also pr oduced, when chur ned by Devas
and asur as, wit h t he aid of Koor ma moor t hi, Nect ar which conf er s immor t alit y
on t he imbiber and ot her exalt ed it ems like t he pleasant Moon, I r aavat am t he
magnif icent elephant and Ucchaishr avas t he power -packed hor se.
Being t he pr esiding deit y of t his glor ious ocean of milk, t he Lor d is known as
Ksheer aabdi Naat a:


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(9T4P ) 4T…'ól¬¬ 4l|B+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VaikuNThAcala vAsinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE RESIDENT RESIDENT RESIDENT OF OF OF THE THE THE VV VAIKUNTA AIKUNTA AIKUNTA HH HILL ILL ILL! ! !

VaikuNTha nAt han VaikuNTha nAt han VaikuNTha nAt han-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Tir umala Hills ar e known also as "Vaikunt t achalam". Af t er Bhoodevi was
br ought up f r om t he dept hs of t he ocean by t he Var aaha Mur t hy, He made up
His mind t o r eside on ear t h t ill t he end of t his Kalpam and t o t his end,
inst r uct ed Gar uda t o br ing t he "Kr eedaa Par vat am" f r om Sr i Vaikunt t am and
est ablish t he same on t he banks of t he Swami Pushkar ini. Due t o t hese or igins,
t he Tir umala is known as "Vaikunt t achalam".
NAMA 101 NAMA 101 NAMA 101
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The Lor d is known as "Vaikunt t an", t he unst oppable and invincible. Since t hese
hills f or m His abode, t hey ar e known as Vaikunt t achalam.
The name "Vaikunt a: " is t he 406t h Naama of Sr i Vishnu Sahasr a naamam:
VaikuNTha: Pur usha: Pr ANa: pr ANada: pr aNama pr ut hu:
The name, "Vaikunt an” her e signif ies t he mer cif ul at t r ibut e of His as t he
r emover of obst acles (of union ) wit h Him .
I t is said t hat t hose who r each Sr i Vaikunt t am ar e no mor e plagued by
physical, ment al or emot ional shor t comings:
"yat r a na shoka: na moha: "
This is t r ue of Tir umala Hills, t he Vaikunt t achalam t oo, f or all t hose who r each
Tir umala and wor ship t he Lor d devout ly, ar e r elieved of all t heir suf f er ing, pain
and sor r ow, which ar e r eplaced by et er nal bliss f r om Bhagavat anubhavam.










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(9T4P ) PT…-7l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mukundAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRI RI RI VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO CONFERS CONFERS CONFERS MM MOKSHA OKSHA OKSHA ON ON ON THOSE THOSE THOSE WHO WHO WHO SEEK SEEK SEEK IT IT IT
ARDENTLY ARDENTLY ARDENTLY !! !

YugAdi Pur appAdu YugAdi Pur appAdu YugAdi Pur appAdu-- - Thir umala/ Thir upat hi Thir umala/ Thir upat hi Thir umala/ Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
While Sr inivasa blesses us wit h all t he mundane f avor s t hat we seek f r om Him,
it is f or gr ant ing t he ult imat e of all f avour s, viz., Liber at ion f r om
t his Samsar a, t hat He is r enowned.
I n f act , it is only He who is capable of emancipat ing us; ot her deit ies, however
power f ul t hey ar e t out ed t o be, being t ot ally impot ent in t his r espect . I f it is
Moksham t hat you want , it is t o Sr i Venkat Esa you have t o seek it f r om, says
t he Scr ipt ur e:
NAMA 102 NAMA 102 NAMA 102
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265

"MOksha Daayaka Mukundhan".
He not only blesses us wit h liber at ion, but also shows us t he way t her ef or , by
point ing t o His t ir uvadi and t elling us t hat one who seeks r ef uge in t hem would
aut omat ically be f r ee of t he mundane shackles.
The sor t of Moksham or Liber at ion t hat t he Lor d conf er s is not only f r eedom
f r om t he t r avails of Samsaar a, but includes immeasur able bliss equal t o t hat
He Himself enj oys in His et er nal abode.I ncor por at ing all t his, t he Sahasr anama
Nir ukt i sloka point s out :
"t ai: pr aar t t hit a: svayam mukt im Mukunda: syaat dadaat i ya: "
I t is a t est imony t o t he Lor d' s gener osit y t hat He not only f r ees us f r om our
cr ippling mor t als coils, but also blesses us wit h Aanandam which is unlimit ed.
The glor y of t his Emper uman is chr onicled in Sr i Kulasekhar a Azhwar ' s
"Mukunda Maalaa", an unwilt ing gar land of ver ses t o t he pr ovider of t his
ult imat e benef it .






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(9T4P ) H+-6l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS SALUTATIONS TO TO TO THE THE THE LORD LORD LORD WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS LIMITLESS LIMITLESS LIMITLESS, , , INFINITE INFINITE INFINITE AND AND AND ETERNAL ETERNAL ETERNAL

Malayappar in KaNNan Thir ukOlam Malayappar in KaNNan Thir ukOlam Malayappar in KaNNan Thir ukOlam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d is inf init e: “ anant a: ” Finit eness can be wit h r egar d t o t hr ee
at t r ibut es:
1. Time,
2. Place and
3. Obj ect .
NAMA 103 NAMA 103 NAMA 103
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267

By t r anscending t he limit s and const r aint s imposed by t he t hr ee af or esaid
limit s, t he Lor d becomes inf init e. While most of us live f or a maximum lif e
span of a hundr ed year s and ar e t hus limit ed by Time, t he Lor d is a
"Nit ya: ", who has always been t her e and who will always be t her e, wit h Time
having absolut ely no ef f ect on Him.
While we can be at one place at a t ime, one being in t he U.S.A. not being able
t o be in I ndia simult aneously, Emper uman has no such const r aint s and is able
t o be ever ywher e simult aneously.
We can only be our selves at one t ime, as a pen can only be a pen. The Lor d,
however , can be many t hings at t he same t ime. Thus because He t r anscends
Time, Place and Obj ect , t he Lor d is called Anant a or t he I nf init e One.
This t r ait of Par mat ma is adulat ed by t he Tait t ir iyopanisad:
“ Sat yam, Gnaanam, Anant am Br ahma” .
Fur t her t he Nar ayana anuvakam t oo conf ir ms t his t hus:
"anant am avyayam kavim samudr ent am Visva sambhuvam".








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268

(9T4P ) |4|¹¾l-4|¤6l+l6 Bl¹4-9l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vir incAbhyar t hit Aneet a Saumya- r oopAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya
nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO RESPONDED RESPONDED RESPONDED TO TO TO THE THE THE PRAYERS PRAYERS PRAYERS OF OF OF BB BRAHMA RAHMA RAHMA DD DEVAN EVAN EVAN
TO TO TO CHANGE CHANGE CHANGE HH HIS IS IS FIERCE FIERCE FIERCE FORM FORM FORM AS AS AS UU UGRA GRA GRA NN NARASIMHAN ARASIMHAN ARASIMHAN TO TO TO AA A SS SOUMYA OUMYA OUMYA (( (BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL BEAUTIFUL AND AND AND
TRANQUIL TRANQUIL TRANQUIL) ) ) FORM FORM FORM AFTER AFTER AFTER THE THE THE DESTRUCTUION DESTRUCTUION DESTRUCTUION OF OF OF HH HIRANYAKASIPU IRANYAKASIPU IRANYAKASIPU ! ! !

Kr upA NAt han Kr upA NAt han Kr upA NAt han
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Af t er dest r oying t he Asur an of f ending His bhakt han, Pr ahlaadhan, Lor d
NAMA 104 NAMA 104 NAMA 104
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269

Nar asimha was looking gr ot esquely f ier ce. No one including His consor t , Maha
Lakshmi f elt comf or t able t o appr oach t he Lor d. His anger was st ill at it s peak.
The 9t h chapt er of t he 7t h Cant o of Sr I mat h Bhaagavat ham descr ibes t he
undiminished anger and f er ocit y of t he Lor d t hat pr event ed t he gr oup of
Devaas headed by Br ahma t o come near Lor d Nar asimha. Mahaa Lakshmi was
r equest ed by t he Devaas t o calm down Her Lor d. She t oo did not appr oach Him
since t he appear ance t hat He had was neit her seen nor hear d bef or e :
"adhr usht a- asr ut ha- poor vat hvaat h Saa nopeyaaya sankit ha"
Br ahma t hen said t o bhakt ha Pr ahlaadha:
" Oh dear Child ! Go near and appr oach t he Lor d, who has been ver y angr y wt h
your f at her .
"Taat ha pr asamayopehi svapit hr e kupit ham Pr abhum"
Child Pr ahlaadha consent ed, appr oached t he Lor d and pr ost r at ed bef or e Him
and eulogized His Lor d wit h t he f amous ver ses of Pr ahlaadha St hot hr am. The
Lor d lif t ed t he child f allen at His f eet . He was moved by His own limit less
vaat hsalyam f or His bhakt han and wit h eyes f ull of compassion (Kr upayaa
par iplut ha: ) lif t ed up t he child and placed His lot us sof t hand (kar aambhuj am)
on his (Pr ahlaadha' s) head.
Child Pr ahlaadhan was f r eed f r om all sins and was t he obj ect of t he Lor d' s
immense gr ace t hat led him t o pr aise t he Lor d wit h a hear t f ull of devot ion.
The Lor d was moved by t he pr ayer s and t ook on His t r anquil f or m and
expr essed His j oy over Pr ahlaadhan' s Bhakt hi and of f er ed him boons of his
choice:
Vat hsa Pr ahlaadha Bhadr am t E pr eet hoahant e asur ot t hama
var am vr uneeshva abhimat ham kaamapoor oasmyaham nr unaam
MM MEANING EANING EANING
O Child Pr ahlaadha! All auspiciousness t o you! Ask me of any boons t hat you
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270
desir e. I am immensely pleased wit h you. I am t he f ulf iller of all t he pr ayer s of
bhakt haas of mine!
Pr ahlaadha was not t empt ed by t he winning of any boons f r om t he Lor d and
asked only f or t he blessing of unint er r upt ed and st eadf ast devot ion t o t he
Lor d.
Br ahma devan was t hus successf ul wit h t he help of Pr ahlaadhan t o conver t t he
Ugr a Nar asimhan in t o Soumya Var adhan (Pr ahlaadha Var adhan)!















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(9T4P ) B4TPG¹l Hl6 P+=l¬l7 7l|4+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Suvar Na mukhar I snAt a manuj a abheeshTa dAyinE Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO SS SRINIVASA RINIVASA RINIVASA, , , WHO WHO WHO BESTOWS BESTOWS BESTOWS ON ON ON BATHERS BATHERS BATHERS IN IN IN THE THE THE SS SUVAR UVAR UVARNN NAMUKHAREE AMUKHAREE AMUKHAREE
RR RIVER IVER IVER, , , ALL ALL ALL THEIR THEIR THEIR HEART HEART HEART'' 'SS S DESIRES DESIRES DESIRES! ! !

Pushpa yAgam Pushpa yAgam Pushpa yAgam-- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Lor d, pleased wit h Sage Agast ya' s long and har d penance, t old t he
Mahar shi t o seek a boon of his desir e. Agast ya, who had made t he
Suvar Namkhar ee r iver f low f r om t he Tir umala Hills in r esponse t o t he pr ayer
of Devas, sought t he Lor d' s par ipoor na anugr aham f or t he r iver , such t hat
anyone who had a dip in it would at t ain all t hat t hey desir ed. The Lor d said, "So
be it ", t r ansf or ming t he r iver f r om a mer e body of wat er s int o a ver it able
Kaamadhenu, sat isf ying t he want s and aspir at ions of all t hose who had a dip in
it .
NAMA 105 NAMA 105 NAMA 105
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272
The Skaanda Pur ana t ells us t hat t he r iver at t ained t his name due t o it s being
consider ed by devot ees t o be as pr ecious as gold, as also due t o it s descending
t o ear t h (in r esponse t o Agast ya' s inst r uct ions) wit h a deaf ening r oar which
f illed t he ent ir e at mospher e and t he f our dir ect ions.


















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(9T4P ) r¬l4¤ =¬¬l¤ BPF6 T¬7l|4+ ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) halaayudha j agat - t heer t ha samast a phala daayinE Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKATESA ENKATESA ENKATESA, , , WHO WHO WHO GRANTS GRANTS GRANTS ALL ALL ALL BOONS BOONS BOONS FOR FOR FOR THOSE THOSE THOSE, , , WHO WHO WHO TAKE TAKE TAKE BATH BATH BATH
IN IN IN THE THE THE WORLD WORLD WORLD FAMOUS FAMOUS FAMOUS PP PARASU ARASU ARASU RR RAAMA AAMA AAMA THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM THEERTTHAM!! !

Theer t hAvAr i Theer t hAvAr i Theer t hAvAr i
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
Ther e ar e many sacr ed assemblies of wat er s in and ar ound Thir umala. One of
t hem is Par asu Raama Theer t t ham. Par asu Raaman (Kshat hr iant hakan) is one of
t he t en incar nat ions (avat haar ams) of t he Lor d. The Haalaayudha t heer t t ham
NAMA 106 NAMA 106 NAMA 106
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274
is named af t er t his avat haar am of t he Lor d. The 69t h Asht ot t har a Naama of
Sr i Venkat esa:
Kshat r iyaant aka Raamaaya Sr i VenkaTEsaaya nama:
salut es t his avat haar am of Lor d Venkat esa. Snaanam in t his sacr ed wat er and
per f or ming sur r ender at t he holy f eet of Thir uvenkat am leads t o "Samast ha
phala dhaayakam" (gaining of all desir ed boons such as Dhar ma, ar t ha, Kaama
and Moksham).

















275
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Malayappar as GOvindhan in Kalpaka Vr uksha vAhanam Malayappar as GOvindhan in Kalpaka Vr uksha vAhanam Malayappar as GOvindhan in Kalpaka Vr uksha vAhanam -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
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(9T4P ) ¬l|4-7l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) govindAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO IS IS IS THE THE THE COWHERD COWHERD COWHERD OF OF OF BB BRINDHAAVANAM RINDHAAVANAM RINDHAAVANAM, , , WHO WHO WHO
COMES COMES COMES TO TO TO THE THE THE RESCUE RESCUE RESCUE OF OF OF DEVOTEES DEVOTEES DEVOTEES IN IN IN DISTRESS DISTRESS DISTRESS!! !
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The Govinda nama is t he ideal one t o save t hose in dist r ess, as pr oved by bot h
Sr i Pr ahlada and Dr aupat i, who, while issuing an SOS t o t he Lor d, addr essed
Him as Govinda!.
I t is Lor d Venkat a Govindhan, who as:
"Koodaar ai vellum seer Govindhan”
at t r act s even t hose wit h impenet r ably st ony hear t s and makes t hem head t o
Thir umala t o win t hem over wit h His soundhar yam and auspicious at t r ibut es.
This Govinda Nama is so pot ent t hat it af f or ds liber at ion even t o t he wor st of
of f ender s and sinner s, says Sr i Tondar adippodi Azhwar , point ing out t hat it
emancipat ed even a conf ir med of f ender like Kshat r abandhu
" Moyt t ha val vinayul nindr u moondr u ezhut t hu udaya per aal
Kat t ir a bandhumandr e par aam gat i kandu kondaan"
The Lor d may have any number of names, but t he one most popular wit h t he
masses is "Govinda!". And t hough t his is a gener ic name, so t o say, it t r igger s in
us t he t hought only of Sr i Venkat esa and none ot her . The cr y "Govinda!
Govinda!" r ent s t he air r ight f r om t he f oot st eps of t he Tir umala Hills and
cont inues t o r ever ber at e in t he Seven Hills, coming t o a cr escendo when t he
NAMA 107 NAMA 107 NAMA 107
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277

devot ees r each t he por t als of t he Lor d' s sanct um sanct or um. What is t he
specialit y of t his t ir unaamam?
Ther e ar e numer ous int er pr et at ions of t he holy wor d Govinda.
“ Gavaam st ut i gir aam vinda: Govinda: sa udaahr it a: ”
MM MEANING EANING EANING
One who is t he obj ect of innumer able wor ds and paens of pr aise f r om all class
of people, mor t als and t he celest ials, is Govindan. I t is not only or dinar y people
like us who wor ship t he Lor d wit h wor ds of pr aise wit h var ious mot ives, but
Mahar shis of r eput e and exalt ed Devat as t oo adulat e Him, dr iven by love,
af f ect ion and devot ion.
"Nasht aam Dhar aneem poor vam labdhavaan Govinda: "
MM MEANING EANING EANING
Occur r ing immediat ely af t er t he t ir unaamam "MahaVar aha: " in t he
Sahasr anaama St ot r am, t his Govinda nama is int er pr et ed t o mean One who
r egained Mot her Ear t h, af t er She was wr apped up and hidden away under
wat er by Hir anyaaksha. As is well known, The Lor d assumed t he f or m of a giant
boar , dest r oyed t he asur a and lif t ed up t he Bhoomi wit h His t usk. Thus it is
t he Var aha Mur t hy at Tir umala, who is indeed celebr at ed her e as Govinda.
The t hir d int er pr et at ion of t he wor d "Govinda" is t he Lor d of Cat t le, t he
endear ing Divine Cowher d t he Lor d became as Sr i Kr ishna, delight ing in t he
company of bovine cr eat ur es and t heir mast er s. Since t he Vaishnava
Sampr adaya vener at es Sr inivasa as none ot her t han Sr i Kr ishna, t he name
"Govinda" applies t o Sr inivasa quit e well.
A f our t h meaning is t hat He is t he giver of Speech. He is t he power because of
which all living cr eat ur es, t hr ough t he medium of speech, convey knowledge
mut ually t o each ot her , be it t he br aying of an ass, t he bar king of a dog, in t he
spir it ed eloquence of an or at or or in t he devot ional out pour ing of t he
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278
over whelmed vot ar y.
Govinda is also t he Supr eme Realit y who is t o be at t ained, t o be known,
t hr ough t he sacr ed wor ds of t he Veda Vakyaas.
I t is t his Govinda naama which pr ovided succour t o beleagur ed Dr aupat i and
saved her modest y f r om being out r aged by Ducchaasana, f or it is t o
Govinda t hat she appealed in dist r ess:
"Govinda! Pundar eekaaksha! Raksha maam sar anaagat aam".
Sr i Pillailokaachaar ya goes t o t he ext ent of saying t hat t he Lor d' s Govinda
naama is mor e power f ul t han t he Lor d Himself :
"Dr aupat ikku aapat t il pudavai sur andadu t ir unaamam ir e"












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(9T4P ) ~l|+4lBl4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr I nivaasaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
SS SALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS ALUTATIONS TO TO TO LL LORD ORD ORD VV VENKAT ENKAT ENKATEE ESA SA SA, , , WHO WHO WHO HAS HAS HAS MM MAHAA AHAA AHAA LL LAKSHMI AKSHMI AKSHMI (S (S (SRR RI D I D I DEVI EVI EVI) ) ) ON ON ON HH HIS IS IS CHEST CHEST CHEST
FOR FOR FOR EVER EVER EVER!! !

The Thir umalA The Thir umalA The Thir umalA-- - Thir upat hi Divya Dampat his Thir upat hi Divya Dampat his Thir upat hi Divya Dampat his
CC COMMENTS OMMENTS OMMENTS
The wor d "Sr i" has six connot at ions and r ef er s t o Sr i Mahalakshmi' s manif old
NAMA 108 NAMA 108 NAMA 108
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r oles of :
1. being t he r ef uge of J eevas,
2. seeking r ef uge in t he Lor d on our behalf ,
3. list ening pat ient ly t o our t ales of woe,
4. conveying t he same t o t he Lor d wit h t he except ional eloquence of advocacy,
5. r idding devot ees of t heir accumulat ed baggage of sins and
6. af f or ding t hem inf init e pleasur e up t o t he st age of per f or ming kainkar yam
t o t he Divine Duo.
Since Sr inivasa is t he inalienable abode of Sr i Mahalakshmi, we have absolut ely
not hing t o f ear , f or all t he af or esaid f uncions of Sr i become ext r emely easy of
per f or mance.
I t is ext r emely siginif icant t hat t his Asht ot t har a Shat ha naamavali begins
wit h t he name "Venkat esaya nama: " and ends wit h "Sr inivasaya nama: ",
siginif iying by t he f or mer , t he Lor d' s pr opensit y f or dest r oying all our sins,
and by t he lat t er , His r eadiness t o best ow on us all t hat we desir e and mor e
t oo, including t he ult imat e r ewar d of Celest ial Bliss on an et er nal basis,
demonst r at ing His t wo-f old benevolence of "anisht a nivr it t i" and "isht a
pr aapt i".
Sr i Venkat eswar a is t he per manent and pleasur able abode of Sr i Mahalakshmi,
His insepar able Consor t . He is hence known as "Sr inivasa:”
When Sr i Mahalakshmi emer ged f r om t he milky ocean being chur ned by t he
Devas and asur as f or nect ar , She immediat ely occupied t he Lor d' s br oad
chest , t r ue t o Her pr omise never t o f or sake Him even f or a second:
"agalakillen ir ayum endr u Alar mel mangai ur ai maar ba!"
The Sahasr anama Nir ukt i sloka t oo says t he same t hing:
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281

"nit yopagna nivaasat vaat Sr eenivaasa: Sr iyaL: smr it a: ”
I n f act , "Sr inivasa:" is t he name of t he Par abr ahmam, which is ident if ied by
t he pr esence of t he Consor t Sr i. Thus, it is because He is Sr inivasa t hat t he
Lor d can claim t o be t he Supr eme Being, as t he Vedas show t he
Par amapur usha t o be accompanied by His divine consor t s Sr i and Bhoodevi:
"Hr eescha t e Lakshmeescha pat nyou" - - Pur usha Sukt am
Sr i Ramanuj a t oo ident if ies Sr inivasa t o be t he Par abr ahmam, at t he ver y
beginning of his magnum opus, t he Sr i Bhaashyam:
"Shr ut i shir asi videept e, Br ahmani Sr inivase"
I n pr act ical t er ms, how does t his help us? Because He is t he per manent abode
of Sr i Mahalakshmi, who is t he embodiment of all t hat is auspicious, apar t
f r om being t he f ount ainhead of all mer cy, love and compassion, t he Lor d t oo
can never be ot her wise. Even if he is inclined t o be annoyed at us at t imes f or
some insuf f er able inf r ingement on our par t , t he Divine Mot her int er cedes on
our behalf and ensur es t hat we get of f light ly. I t is She who r ecommends us t o
be par doned all our sins and our elevat ion t o t he exalt ed wor ld of Sr i
Vaikunt t am. Thus, if we can at all hope f or emancipat ion, it is because t he Lor d
is Sr inivasa.
Sr I Venkat esAya Nama:
Sr I mat h Azhagiya Singar Thir uvadigaLE Sar aNam
Daasan,
Oppiliappan KOil Var adAchAr i SaThakOpan



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Malayappar Malayappar Malayappar -- - OOnj al SEvai in deepa mandapam OOnj al SEvai in deepa mandapam OOnj al SEvai in deepa mandapam




283
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284
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Rat hna Kir eeTam Rat hna Kir eeTam Rat hna Kir eeTam-- - Malayappar Malayappar Malayappar -- - Thir upat hi Thir upat hi Thir upat hi
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285



(9T4P ) 4 T³ Hl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vEnkaTEsAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 1
(9T4P ) H 9l|ã |+¬4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) SeshAdr i nilayAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 2
(9T4P ) 4 9†¹¬l ¬¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vr usha- dhr ug- gOcar Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 3
(9T4P ) |4!T4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VishNavE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 4
(9T4P ) B7V+ |¬¹lHl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadanj ana gir eesaaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 5
(9T4P ) 4 9l|ã 964 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ushAdr i pat ayE Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 6
(9T4P ) P 69 × |¬¹lHl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Mer u put r a gir I sAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 7
(9T4P ) B¹F4l|P 6³l= 9 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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286
(Pr aNavam) Sar as- Swamy- t aTee- j ushE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 8
(9T4P ) T… Pl¹T-9 B -4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kumaar a kalpa sevyaaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 9
(9T4P ) 4|¤†|¹494l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaj r i- dhr ug- vishayAya Sr I VenkATEsAya nama: - 10
(9T4P ) B 4¬ ¬l B 6-4F6 B +l9t4 ¬¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Suvar calaa sut anyast a Sainaapat ya bhar aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama: - 11
(9T4P ) ¹lPl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) RaamAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 12
(9T4P ) 9T+l¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) PadmanAbhAya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 13
(9T4P ) B7l 4l4 F6 6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadaa Vaayu St ut aaya Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 14
t4± 4 T… 'ó¬l Tl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t yakt a VaikuNThalOkaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 15
(9T4P ) |¬|¹T… V |4rl|¹T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Gir ikunj a vihaar iNE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 16
(9T4P ) r|¹¬-7+ ¬l × -ã F4l|P+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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287

(Pr aNavam) Har icandana gOt r Endr a SwaminE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 17
(9T4P ) HŒ¹l=-4 + ×l± |494l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankha Raaj anya nEt r aabj a vishayaaya Sr I VenkTesAya nama:
- 18
(9T4P ) 4B 9|¹¬¹ ×l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vasoo- par icar a t r aat r e Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 19
(9T4P ) T !Tl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kr ishNaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 20
(9T4P ) H|-¤T-4l 9|¹!4± 4¬B ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) abdhi kanyaa par ishvakt a vakshasE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: -
21
(9T4P ) 4 T³l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VenkaTAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 22
(9T4P ) B+Tl|7 Prl4l |¬ 9 |=6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sanakaadi mahaa yogi pooj it aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 23
(9T4P ) 7 4|=t9P Gl+-6 7 t4 B= ¤9Tl|H+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) devaj it pr amukha anant ha dait ya sangha pr aNaasine Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 24
(9T4P ) H 6 ãl9 4B-P ± 9 |=6l=œ|¤ 4 ¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Svet a dveepa vasan- mukt a pooj it aanghr i yugaaya Sr I
VenkaTesAya nama: - 25
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288
(9T4P ) H9 946-9t4 9TlH+9¹l4 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sesha par vat a r oopat va pr akaasana par aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya
nama: - 26
(9T4P ) Bl+ F¤l|96 6l÷4l 4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Saanu st haapit a t aar kshyaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 27
(9T4P ) 6l÷4l ¬¬ |+4l|B+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t aar kshyAcala nivAsinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 28
(9T4P ) Pl4l¬ 7|4Pl+l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Maaya- gooDha vimAnAya VenkaTEsAya nama: - 29
(9T4P ) ¬67FT-¤4l|B+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Gar uDa Skandha- vaasine Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 30
(9T4P ) H+-6|H¹B ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant a Sir asE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 31
(9T4P ) H+-6l¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant AkshAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 32
(9T4P ) H+-6¬¹Tl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant a char aNaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 33
(9T4P ) ~lH ¬|+¬4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr isaila nilayaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 34
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289

(9T4P ) 7lPl 7¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) daamOdar aaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 35
(9T4P ) +l¬P ¤|+¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neelamegha nibhaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 36
(9T4P ) ¤Ol|77 4T7 H |4H-9l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) br ahmAdi deva dur dar sa visvar oopaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama:
- 37
(9T4P ) 4 T… 'ól¬6 B& P |4Pl+l-6¬ 6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VaikuNThaagat a saddhEma vimaana ant ar gat aaya Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 38
(9T4P ) H¬Ft4l-4|¤ 6l H 9 =+†¹¬l ¬¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) agast yAbhyar t hit aa sEsha j ana- dhr ug gOcar Aya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 39
(9T4P ) 4lB 7 4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaasudevaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 40
(9T4P ) r¹4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) har ayE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 41
(9T4P ) 6l¤ 9¾T 4l|B+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t eer t ha pancaka vaasinE Sr I Venkat TsAya nama: - 42
(9T4P ) 4lP7 4|94l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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290
(Pr aNavam) vaamadEva- pr iyAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 43
(9T4P ) =+T 797l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) J anakEshTa- pr adaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 44
(9T4P ) PlT '7 4 Prl6l¤ =l69 '4 97l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) maar kaNDEya mahaa t eer t ha j aat a puNya pr adAya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 45
(9T4P ) 4l19|6 ¤O7l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaakpat i br ahmadAt r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 46
(9T4P ) ¬-ã¬l4'47l|4+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) candr a laavaNya dAyinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 47
(9T4P ) +l¹l4T +¬ Hl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nAr AyaNa nagEsAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 48
(9T4P ) ¤O T 8l tB4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) br ahma klupt Ot savaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 49
(9T4P ) HŒ ¬44¹l+B ¬BtT¹ 6¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankha cakr a var aanamr a lasat - kar a t alaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama: - 50
(9T4P ) ã4-P ¬ P7lB± |4¤rl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) dr avan mr uga madaasakt a vigr ahaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
- 51
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(9T4P ) T H4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kesavaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 52
(9T4P ) |+t44l 4+ P 6 4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nit hya Yauvana moor t aye Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 53
(9T4P ) H|¤ 6l¤ 97l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) ar t hit aar t ha pr adAt r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 54
(9T4P ) |4H6l¤l ¤rl|¹T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Visva t eer t ha agha haar iNE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 55
(9T4P ) 6l¤ F4l|P B¹FHl6 =+l¬l7 97l|4+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t eer t haswamy Sar as- snAt a J anAbhI shTa pr adAyinE Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 56
(9T4P ) T… Pl¹¤l|¹Tl 4lBFT-7l¬l7 97l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) KumAr a dhaar ikaa vaasas- skandAbheeshTa pr adAya Sr I
Venkat EsAya nama: - 57
(9T4P ) =l+ 7Þ BP T 6 9l |×T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) J aanu- daghna samudbhUt a pOt r iNE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: -
58
(9T4P ) T P P 6 4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Koor ma moor t ayE Sr I VenkaTsAya nama: - 59
(9T4P ) |T¬¹ã-ãHl9l-697l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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292
(Pr aNavam) Kinnar a dvandva saapaant a pr adaat r E Sr I VenkaTsAya nama: -
60
(9T4P ) |4¬4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vibhave Sr I VenkaTsAya nama: - 61
(9T4P ) 4 Gl+B P |+~ U 9 |=6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vaikhaanasa muni sr eshTha pooj it aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama:
- 62
(9T4P ) |B rl¬¬ |+4lBl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) SimhAcala nivAsAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 63
(9T4P ) ~lP¬l¹l4Tl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr iman nAr AyaNAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 64
(9T4P ) BT± +l¬T'ól¬4 + |B rl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sadbhakt a neelakanThaar cya nr usimhAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya
nama: - 65
(9T4P ) T…P7l¬ ¬T~U B+l9t4 97l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) KumudAksha- gaNa- sr EshTha sainApat ya pr adAya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 66
(9T4P ) TP ¤- 9lTr× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) dur mEdha pr aaNahar t r e Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 67
(9T4P ) ~l¤¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr idhar Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 68
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293

(9T4P ) ¬|×4l-6T ¹lPl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kshat r iyAnt aka r AmAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 69
(9T4P ) PtF4 -9l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mat sya r oopAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 70
(9T4P ) 9l'74l|¹ 9r× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) PaaNDavAr i pr ahar t r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama - 71
(9T4P ) ~lT¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr ikar aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 72
(9T4P ) 79t4Tl 97 HF¤ HT¹ \4l6P 6 4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) upat yakaa pr adEsast ha Sankar a dhyaat a moor t aye Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 73
(9T4P ) 61Pl± B¹BlT ¬ ¬÷PlT 6 69|F4+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) r ukmaabj a sar aseekoola lakshmeekr ut a t apasvinE Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 74
(9T4P ) ¬B‘÷Pl T¹l¹¬l = 7¬ T-rl¹T U= ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) lasalakshmI kar AmbhOj a dat t a kalhAr aka sr aj E Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 75
(9T4P ) Hl¬¤lP |+4lBl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Saalagr aama nivaasaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 76
(9T4P ) H T †¬¬l ¬¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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294
(Pr aNavam) Suka dr ug gOcar aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 77
(9T4P ) +l¹l4Tl|¤ 6lH 9 =+†|¹494l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) nAr AyaNa ar t hit a asesha j ana dr ugvishayaaya Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 78
(9T4P ) P ¬4l¹|BTl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mr ugayaar asikaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 79
(9T4P ) 4 9¬lB ¹ rl|¹T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ishabhAsur a haar iNE Sr I Venkat EsAya nama: - 80
(9T4P ) HV+l¬l × 964 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anj anaa got r a- pat ayE Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 81
(9T4P ) 4 9¬l¬¬ 4l|B+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Vr ishabhaacala vaasinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 82
(9T4P ) HV+lB 6 7l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anj anaa sut a daat r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 83
(9T4P ) Pl¤4l4l¤ rl|¹T ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) maadhaveeya agha haar iNE Sr I Venkat EsAya nama: - 84
(9T4P ) |94ñ‚ |94 ¬¬l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) pr iyangu pr iya bhakshaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 85
(9T4P ) H 6Tl ¬4¹l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
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295

(Pr aNavam) svet a- kola- var aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 86
(9T4P ) +l¬¤ + 94l ¤l¹l B T 7 rl T4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neela dhEnu payO dhAr A sEka dEhOt bhavAya Sr I
VenkaTEsaya nama: - 87
(9T4P ) HT¹ |94|P×l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sankar a pr iya mit r aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 88
(9T4P ) ¬l =9 × |94l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) cOla put r a pr iyaaya Sr i VenkaTEsAya nama: - 89
(9T4P ) B ¤|P Tl B ¬ 6-4 97l× ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sudhar minee sucait anya pr adaat r E Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: -
90
(9T4P ) P¤ ¤l|6+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) madhu ghaat inE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 91
(9T4P ) T !Tl¹4 |49 4 7l-6 7 |HTt4 97l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Kr ishNaakhya vipr a Vedant a desikat va pr adaaya Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 92
(9T4P ) 4¹lrl¬¬ +l¤l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Var AhAcala naat hAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 93
(9T4P ) 4¬¬ãl4 ~l4 T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) balabhadr aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 94
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296
(9T4P ) |×|44Pl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) t r ivikr amaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 95
(9T4P ) Pr6 ~l4T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mahat E Sr I VenkaTEsaya nama: - 96
(9T4P ) 89lT Hl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) hr usheekEsaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 97
(9T4P ) H¬4 6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) acyut aaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 98
(9T4P ) +l¬l|ã|+¬4l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) neelAdr i nilayAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 99
(9T4P ) ¬l¹l|-¤ +l¤l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) ksheer aabdhi naat haaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 100
(9T4P ) 4 T… 'ól¬¬ 4l|B+ ~l4 T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) VaikuNThAcala vAsinE Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 101
(9T4P ) PT…-7l4 ~l4 T³Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) mukundAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 102
(9T4P ) H+-6l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) anant Aya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 103
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297

(9T4P ) |4|¹¾l-4|¤ 6l+l6 Bl ¹4-9l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) vir incAbhyar t hit Aneet a Saumya- r oopAya Sr i VenkaTEsAya
nama: - 104
(9T4P ) B 4T P G¹l Hl6 P+ =l¬l7 7l|4+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Suvar Na mukhar I snAt a manuj a abheeshTa dAyinE Sr I
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 105
(9T4P ) r¬l4¤ =¬¬l¤ BPF6 T¬7l|4+ ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) halaayudha j agat - t heer t ha samast a phala daayinE Sr i
VenkaTEsAya nama: - 106
(9T4P ) ¬l|4-7l4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) govindAya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 107
(9T4P ) ~l|+4lBl4 ~l4 T³ Hl4 +P-
(Pr aNavam) Sr I nivaasaaya Sr I VenkaTEsAya nama: - 108

+ ²|6 ~l4 T³ Hl7l ¬¹H6+lPl4|=- B 9 Tl +

Namo Venkat EsAya Namo Venkat EsAya Namo Venkat EsAya



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298

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