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Useful torque is developed only when it operates at synchronous speed. Designed to run at a low speed and to have high torque.VERNIER MOTOR Unexcited reluctance type synchronous motor. .
Peculiar feature of this motor is that a small displacement of the rotor produces a large displacement of the permeance. Permeance is the inverse of reluctance. .INTRODUCTION Operates on the principle of a vernier. the rotor will rotate slowly and at a definite fraction of speed of the rotating field. When rotating magnetic field is introduced in the air gap.
Find applications where required low speed and high torque.INTRODUCTION This rotating field is produced by exciting the stator coil groups in sequence. As the rotor speed steps down from the speed of the rotating field the motor torque steps up. Also where mechanical gearing is undesirable. .
Rotor .CONSTRUCTION Construction is similar to poly phase induction motor. Stator 2. Two important parts 1.
. At the inner periphery of the stator core.STATOR CONSTRUCTION Laminated stator core. Slots are provided for housing the stator winding. Made up of silicon steel. Due to excitation of winding the rotating magnetic field is produced in the air gap. stator slots are provided. Laminated construction to reduce eddy current and hysteresis loss in the stator.
. No excitation winding provided on the rotor. Because of this construction the air gap permeance varies between the stator and rotor slots in the horizontal and vertical direction. Number of stator slots will be more than the number of rotor slots.ROTOR CONSTRUCTION Laminated rotor is made up of iron material. Outer periphery of the rotor has rotor slots.
Horizontal axis – the stator teeth and rotor slots are facing each other. Assume fluxes in the air gap are assumed to be in radial direction.OPERATION Consider a motor with 12 stator slots and 10 rotor slots. Vertical axis – the stator and rotor teeth are facing each other. .
CONSTRUCTIONAL DIAGRAM .
Minimum permeance is along the horizontal axis. .OPERATION At this position maximum permeance is along the vertical axis. Rotor now rotates slowly and at a definite fraction of the speed of the rotating field. Rotating magnetic field is produced. Field introduced in the air gap of the machine.
Now the axis of maximum permeance is along horizontal position. .OPERATION When rotating field rotates for 90degree the rotor will rotate one half of its slot pitch. Now the rotor slots will face stator teeth in the vertical axis. The rotor and stator teeth will face each other in the horizontal axis.
When the rotating field completes one revolution.OPERATION The axis of minimum permeance is now vertical axis. Whenever 90 degree rotation of magnetic field results one half slot pitch of the rotor. . the rotor will rotate through an angle corresponding to two rotor slot pitches. Thus one half slot pitch of rotor results in a 90 degree displacement of the permeance.
the permeance wave rotates at much faster speed.OPERATION Peculiar feature is that a small displacement of the rotor produces a large displacement of the axes. When the rotor rotates. approximately 5times of rotor speed. .
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