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Sixty Years of Indian Parliament

Sixty Years of Indian Parliament

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Sixty Years of Indian Parliament

A brief Introduction to Right To Information Act
Submitted By: Shivansh Sharma IX th B Roll No. 26 Submitted To: Ms. Vandhana Sharma

carved out for itself a unique place in the esteem and affection of the people as the forum through which they articulate and realize their grievances and aspirations and seek solutions to their problems. The First Meeting of Parliament was held on 13 May 1952. occupies a preeminent and pivotal position in the country's constitutional set-up. The Constitution of India provides for a bicameral Parliament consisting of the President and two Houses known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (LokSabha). .Introduction The Parliament of India. It has also. It has recently completed sixty years. representing as it does all politically organized shades of public opinion at the national level. over the years.

represented by at least one member. however. The representatives of a State are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assembly of that State in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The remaining seats are allocated to the various States and Union territories. each State is. science. The Rajya Sabha is to consist of not more than 250 members. Of these 12 are nominated by the President from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature. but one-third of its members retire every second year by rotation and are replaced by newly-elected members. The minimum age for membership of the House is 30 years. The term of an individual member of Rajya Sabha is six years . It is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. art or social service. roughly in proportion to their population.Council of States (Rajya Sabha) The Rajya Sabha was constituted for the first time on 3 April 1952 and had its first Session on 13 May 1952.

The distribution of seats in Rajya Sabha among the States State Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Jharkhand Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra No. of Seats 18 1 7 16 5 1 11 5 3 4 12 6 9 11 19 Continued… .

State/Union Territory No. of Seats Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan 1 1 1 1 10 7 10 Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Delhi Puducherry 1 18 1 3 31 16 3 1 .

Following the first General Elections. The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of adult suffrage. continues for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and the expiration of the period of five years operates as dissolution of the House. up to 20 members to represent the Union territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian community to be nominated by the President of India.House of the People (LokSabha). unless sooner dissolved. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552: upto 530 members to represent the States. The representatives of a State are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assembly of that State in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. the First Lok Sabha was constituted on 17 April 1952 and met on 13 May 1952. The Lok Sabha. The qualifying age for membership of the Lok Sabha is 25 years. .

of Seats 42 2 14 40 11 2 26 10 4 6 28 14 20 29 48 Continued… .The distribution of seats in Lok Sabha among the States State Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Jharkhand Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra No.

State/Union Territory No. of Seats Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Delhi Puducherry 2 2 1 1 21 13 25 1 39 2 5 80 42 7 1 Continued… .

of Seats 1 1 1 1 1 .State/Union Territory Chandigarh Andaman & Nicobar Islands Daman & Diu Lakshadweep Dadar & Nagar Haveli No.

since 3 June 2009 . since 21 December 2009 Leader of the House (Rajya Sabha) Manmohan Singh. since 3 June 2009 Leader of the House (Lok Sabha) Pranab Mukherjee.Leadership of Current Parliament Chairman of the Rajya Sabha & Vice President of India Mohammad Hamid Ansari. since 22 May 2004 Leader of Opposition (Rajya Sabha) Arun Jaitley. since 11 August 2007 Speaker of the Lok Sabha Meira Kumar. since 26 May 2009 Leader of Opposition (Lok Sabha) Sushma Swaraj.

Right to Information Act 2005 Debate in Rajya Sabha .

in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India. . optimum use of limited fiscal resources and the preservation of confidentiality of sensitive information. 2005] An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities.THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT. the constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. And whereas democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency of information which are vital to its functioning and also to contain corruption and to hold Governments and their instrumentalities accountable to the governed. 22 of 2005 [15th June. And whereas it is necessary to harmonise these conflicting interests while preserving the paramountcy of the democratic ideal. it is expedient to provide for furnishing certain information to citizens who desire to have it. Now. And whereas revelation of information in actual practice is likely to conflict with other public interests including efficient operations of the Governments. 2005 No. Whereas the Constitution of India has established democratic Republic. therefore.

But. In the modern world. Civilised Governments everywhere have been searching for ways and means to deal with problems of corruption. the Bill that is now before the House is truly a pacesetter.to-day activities. We have the judiciary. Sir. In our own country total Government expenditure-Centre.Dr. Deputy Chairman. States and Local Bodies combined-accounts for nearly 33 per cent of our Gross National Product. it has been found that it is not enough that Governments should go to the people once in five years . we have the representative institutions of parliamentary system of Government to check both corruption and the ensure that monies that are voted for truly subserve the public purpose. it is. Governments have to interfere by way of regulatory bodies in the normal processes of how an economy functions. because of various compulsions of the situation. we are dealing with very complex societies. problems of ineffectiveness of Governments at various levels. of utmost importance that when Governments account for such a large proportion of total national expenditure. therefore. Now. when Governments interfere extensively with the way ordinary citizens of the country go by doing their business. these powers should be exercised with utmost caution and utmost concern for public welfare in the widest sense of the term. Manmohan Singh Mr. and these complex societies require extensive interference of Governments in day. In addition.

Bimal Jalan Mr. And. So. I like that.Dr. after this inspiring and eloquent speech by the hon. I give my unstinted support. while there are some exceptions. who has learnt a great deal from Dr. the balance was turned. This is not only a Right to Information Bill. . One extremely important part of this Bill. in the sense that the Bill powers the public. That is also an extremely important feature of this Bill. is the suo motu part. and the public was the servant of the civil service. towards which I would like to draw the attention of the House. the test of a Bill or the test of an Act is in the action or in the way we implement it. even without seeking information. I mean. I feel this Bill can only do good rather than harm. it was the public servants who were the public superiors. that the Government has a duty to inform. which makes it a historic Bill. Alexander. is that there is a time limit. I am also a former civil servant. but also a Duty to Inform Bill. therefore. as it were. Chairman. Prime Minister. time limit is of 30 days for replying to the questions. Ultimately. taking everything into consideration. And. Sir. that given a choice of having this Bill or protecting the rights of the civil servants. But in the last 57 years. The third very important part is that it also provides that. there is very little for me to add. i can say. The second important feature. and has grown under his shadow. I will take only 3-4 minutes to highlight a couple of points. I will chose to have this Bill rather than protecting the rights of the civil servants. But since you have given me the floor. any information which may be made available to Parliament or to the Legislature should be made available to the person concerned. Sir. I share his concern. definitely.

Shri Suresh Pachouri. the Prime Minister's intervention not only outlined the significance and the salient features. but also referred to its need and its far-reaching impact on our system of governance as well as the empowerment of the people. that this is a very important Bill which has been brought before parliament. I rise to support the Bill which has been moved by the Minister of State.Mr. Deputy Chairman. Mr. And. Anand Sharma Thank you. It has been rightly described in his statement. Sir. when he moved. .

Ram Jethmalani Madam. ! regret that . it will restore the dignity and confidence. Trae information can never be misused. False information mev be. Alexander. . I do not agree. For example. and the status of the humble citizen of India. am unable to share the pessimism and the nervousness which I have discovered even in the speeches of my distinguished friend. truth shines with greater luminosity when it collides with error in the free market place of ideas. the hon. Mr. Prime Minister has said that information can be misused. and the distinguished Prime Minister. and it is he who created the first right of free speech in article 19 of the Constitution. This Bill only creates a mechanism for enforcing that right. It will put the fear of God amongst those who have a tendency or a provocation to become corrupt.Sh. I am very happy that this Bill will lessen the corruption which is the bane of Indian democracy. I rise to support the Bill without any reservation and in perfect confidence of its utility and efficacy. Ambedkar. which was framed by the great galaxy of briliant people presided over by Or. and It is our Supreme Court which has spelt out the right of the citizen to know from the right of free speech itself. The right arises out of the Constitution of India. I hope the obligation to disclose is the obligation to disclose the truth. and not untruth The whole philosophy of democracy is that truth shines better.

already have this type of right to information legislation. the Right to Information Bill will play a contributory role. Democracy cannot be sustained without having informed population.Sh. Sir. Sir. Sir. information was limited to Government and officials alone. including Tamil Nadu. the right to information has been recognised as a Fundamental Right under article 19 of our Constitution. according to a Supreme Court judgement. I can say that this Bill is a key to empower one billion Indian people because they will be able to get information from the Government officials. the Local Bodies should be brought under the purview of the State Commission. after 58 years of Independence we have brought this Bill. So. P. the Government will be more accountable to the people. The aim of this Bill is to provide more transparency in the governance. many States. But. This will help people to participate in our democracy meaningfully. G Naraynan Mr. Now we have come to realise that information is for the citizens of this country because in a democracy people are supreme. Sir. . this will also help in enhancing the stature and image of our country in the international arena. Sir. Vice-Chairman. more than 18 Departments are exempted. This type of exemption should be reduced as much as possible. more than 75 per cent of our population lives in villages. They have no access to the information. All these years. They have to be facilitated to get information from Local Bodies also. So. So.

in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority. The question was put and the motion was adopted . PUBLIC GRIEVANCES AND PENSIONS (SHRI SURESH PACHOURI): Sir. the Preamble and the Title were added to the Bill.MR.Clause 1. We shall now take up clause-by-clause consideration of the Bill. I move: That the Bill be passed. as passed by Lok Sabha. The motion was adopted MR. THE MINISTER OF PERSONNEL. Clauses 2 to 31. the Enacting Formula. CHAIRMAN: Please. be taken into consideration. don't disturb.(Interruptions) No. I won't allow. CHAIRMAN : The question is: That the Bill to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for people to secure access to information under the control of public authorities. the constitution of a Central Information Commission and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.. the First Schedule and the Second Schedule were added to the Bill.. Take your seat .

THANK YOU .

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