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A. CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER 1. ----- of New Yorks Erie Canal greatly enhanced trade in the upstate region.

(A) The completion (B) The complete (C) Completing (D) A completing 2. A leech, after ----- the skin, is best removed by the application of either salt or heat. (A) attaching it (B) it attaches itself to (C) its attaching to (D) where it attaches to 3. Some of the oldest and most widespread creation myths are ----- involving the allgiving Earth Mother. (A) they (B) them (C) those (D) their 4. In the first few months of life, an infant learns how to lift its head, smile, and ---. (A) recognize its parents (B) parents to recognize (C) recognizing its parents (D) the recognizing of its parents 5. Juana Inez de la Cruz ----- Mexicos greatest female poet. (A) considered (B) is considered to be (C) concidered to be (D) is consideration 6. Because the metal mercury ----- in direct proportion to temperature, it was once used as the indicators in common thermometers. (A) is expanding (B) is expanded (C) expands (D) expanded 7. Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ----- they both emit hot liquids from below the earths surface. (A) because (B) in spite of (C) due to (D) regardless of 8. are allow in cholesterol and often come from corn, soybeans, olives. (A) There are vegetable oils (B) Vegetable oils (C) The oil in vegetables (D) While in vegetables 9. During the early period of ocean navigation, ----- any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques. (A) so that hardly (B) when there was hardly (C) there was hardly (D) hardly was

10. Wood that has been specially trated is ... (A) as water resistent much more than (B) water resistent much more than (C) more than water resistent (D) much more water resistent than

11. By the process of evaporation, humans lose water their skin. (A) through (B) but (C) of (D) at 12. A large corporation is broken down into many departments, each of which has (A) responsibility unique (B) a unique responsibilities (C) an unique responsibilities (D) uniquely responsibility 13. Even in United States, Chinese food is often with chopsticks. (A) eating (B) ate (C) eaten (D) being eaten 14. On summer weekends, there are . Cars on the roads near the beach that walking often becomes the better choice. (A) so much (B) too many (C) such a lot (D) so many

15. residents of district will be voting on whether they should become independent of the rest of the city. (A) In a few years, (B) Last year, (C) For following year, (D) With the past year, 16. Indianas Lost River _____ underground for a distance of 22 miles. (A) it travels (B) travels (C) to travel (D) traveling 17. Static electricity _____ one cloud to another or between clouds and the ground creates lighting. (A) flows from (B) the flow from (C) flowing from (D) is flowing from 18. The light from an electrical lamp includes

many different wavelengths, _____ in a laser is concentrated on only one wavelength. (A) (B) (C) (D) while all the energy all the energy it is all the energy While all the energy is

19. Fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas produce carbon dioxide when _____ (A) (B) (C) (D) are burned burned they burned are they burned

20. Charles Babbage (1792-1871) drew up the first plans for a programmable digital computer in 1834, but _____ was never completed. (A) to invent him (B) he invented (C) his invention (D) for him to invent

B. IDENTIFY THE ONE UNDERLINED WORDS OR PHRASE THAT MUST BE CHANGED IN ORDER FOR THE SENTENCE TO BE GRAMATICALLY CORRECT.

1. Beethoven wrote and performance some of his greatest works while almost totally deaf. 2. 3. 4. 5.
A B C D Financial consideration play an important partly in the choice of a college. A B C D All atomic particles are in motion, but not move at tha same speed or distance. A B C D Time as measurement by the position of the sun is known as solar time. A B C D Ginseng which is thought to have magical powers, is tradition Chinese cure that is also A B C popular in the United States. D Large does of vitamin have been used successful to treat forms of mental illness, according to A B C D some mental health experts. The more calories one eats, the lesser likely one is to lose weight. A B C D A rainbow is created when rays of sunlight are bent from atmospheric particles acting as A B C D Prisms. The effects of the women liberation movement has changed the lives of millions of women, A B

6. 7. 8. 9.

and the resulting arrangement of behavioral patterns has affected the lives of man and C D children, too.

10. Passengers have ridden the first Ferried wheel at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. A B C D 11. Most polar seals retreat to open water during the winter, but a few types have learn to survive on A B C and under the ice all year round D 12. The Spanish introduced not only horses and also cattle to the North American continent. B C A D 13. Aristotle believed that everything in the universe were composed of four basic elements: earth, A B C water, air, and fire. D 14. During fermentation, complex carbohydrates are converted to another chemicals by the action of A B C enzymes produced by molds, yeasts, or bacteria. D 15. More than half of all stars is in binary or multiple-star systems. A C B D 16. James A. Garfield has become the twentieth president of the United States in 1881 and was A B assassinated later in that year. D C 17. In the cold climate of the far north, mosquito eggs may remains dormant from autumn until late A B C D
June.

18. Safety glass a toughened glass sheet, is six times stronger than untreating glass A B C D 19. Paul Revere was the son of the Frence immigration named Appolos Rivoire, who A B later began calling himself Revere to make his name easier for Americans to pronounce C D 20. Nutritional needs can be convenience represented by a pyramid, with the most A B C important foods at the bottom. D Questions 1-10 It is often the case with folktales that they develop from actual happenings but in their development lose much of their factual base; the story of Pocahontas quite possibly fits into this category of folktale. This princess of the Powhatan tribe was firmly established in the lore of early line America and has been made even more famous by the Disney film based on the folktale that arose (5) from her life. She was a real-life person, but the actual story of her life most probably different considerably from the folktale and the movie based on the folktale. Powhatan, the chief of a confederacy of tribes in Virginia, had several daughters, none of whom was actually named Pocahontas. The nickname means playful one, and several of Powhatans daughters were called Pocahontas. The daughter of Powhatan who became the subject of the folktale
(10) (15)

was named Matoaka. What has been verified about Matoaka, or Pocahontas as she has come to be known, is that she did marry an Englishman and that she did spend time in England before she died there at a young age. In the spring of 1613, a young Pocahontas was captured by the English and taken into Jamestown. There she was treated with courtesy as the daughter of chief Powhatan. While Pocahontas was at Jamestown, English gentlemen John Rolfe fell in love with her and asked her to marry. Both the governor of the Jamestown colony and Pocahontass father Powhatan approved the marriage as a means of securing peace between Powhatans tribe and the English at Jamestown. In 1616, Pocahontas accompanied her new husband to England, where she was royally received. Shortly before her planned return to Virginia in 1617, she contracted an illness and died rather suddenly. (20) A major part of the folktale of Pocahontas that is unverified concerns her love for English Captain John Smith is the period of time before her capture by the British and her rescue of him from almost certain death. Captain John Smith was indeed at the colony of Jamestown and was acquainted with Powhatan and his daughters, he even described meeting them in 1612 journal. However, the story of his rescue by the young maiden did not appear in his writing until 1624, well after Pocahontas had (25) aroused widespread interest in England by her marriage to an English gentlemen and her visit to England. It is the discrepancy in dates that has caused some historians to doubt the veracity of the tale. However, other historians do argue quite persuasively that this incident did truly take place.
1. (A) (B) (C) (D) The main idea of the passage is that Pocahontas fell in love with John Smith and saved his life. Pocahontas did not really exist any one of Powhatans daughter could have been the Pocahontas of legend folktales are often not very factual 5. It can be inferred from the passage that Pocahontas (A) never intended to return to Virginia (B) had a long marriage (C) suffered from a long illness (D) did not mean to remain in England 6. The pronoun indeed in line 22 is closest in meaning to (A) therefore (B) unexpectedly (C) in fact (D) in contrast 7. The pronoun he in line 23 refers to 3. What is true about the name Pocahontas, according to the passage (A) It was the real name of a girl named Matoaka. (B) It meant that someone was playful. (C) Only one girl was known to have used this name. (D) Powhatan was one of several people to be given this nickname. 4. How was Pocahontas treated when she was held at Jamestown (A) With respect (B) With disdain (C) With surprise (D) With harshness (A) the governor (B) John Smith (C) Pocahontas (D) Powhatan 8. When did John Smith most likely meet Pocahontas? (A) In 1612 (B) In 1613 (C) In 1616 (D) In 1624 9. Why are some historians doubtful about the portion of the Pocahontas folktale dealing with John Smith? (A) Captain John Smith probably never knew

2. The expression arose from in line 4 is closest in meaning to (A) went up with (B) was told during (C) developed from (D) climbed to

(B) (C) (D)

Pocahontas. Captain John Smith was never actually in Jamestown. His rescue purportedly happened while Pocahontas was in England. His account of the rescue did not appear until well after the event supposedly happened.

(D)

understanding

Question 11-20 10. The word veracity in line 26 is closest in meaning to (A) (B) (C) timing location accuracy

line (5)

(10)

(15)

A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater lake, one of the worlds largest and deepest, lies hidden there under four kilometers of ice. Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises Antarctica. The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice because its waters are warmed by geothermal heat from the earths core. The thick glacier above lake Vostok actually insulates it from the frigid temperatures (the lowest ever recorded on Earth) on the surface. The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was conducting an aerial survey of the area. Radio waves form the survey equipment penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size. It was not until much more recently that data collected by satellite made by scientists aware of the tremendous size of the lake; the satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake. The discovery of such a huge freshwater lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout, and elevated ultraviolet light that have affected organisms in more exposed area. The downside of the discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated samples from the lake without actually exposing the lake to contamination. Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this. 12. The word lies in line 2 could best be replaced by (A) (B) (C) (D) sleeps sits tells falsehoods inclines

11. The purpose of the passage is to (A) explain how lake Vostok was discovered (B) provide satellite data concerning Antarctica (C) present an unexpected aspect of Antarcticas geography (D) discuss future plans for lake Vostok 13. What is true of Lake Vostok? (A) (B) (C) (D) It is beneath a thick slab of ice It is completely frozen. It is not a saltwater lake. It is heated by the sun.

14. Which of the following is closest in meaning to frigid in line 6 (A) Rarely recorded (B) Never changing

(C) Extremely cold (D) Quite harsh 15. All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT that it (A) was conducted by air (B) was controlled by a satellite (C) made use of radio waves (D) did not measure the exact size of the lake 16. It can be inferred from the passage that the ice would not be flat if (A) (B) (C) (D) there were no lake the lake were not so big Antarctica were not so cold radio aves were not us

(C) negative aspect (D) buried section 20. The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses (A) further discoveries on the surface of Antarctica (B) the harsh climate of Antarctica (C) problems with satellite-borne radar equipment (D) ways to study Lake Vostok without contaminating it

17. The word microbes in line 13 could best be replaced by which of the following (A) Tiny organisms (B) Pieces of dust (C) Trapped bubbles (D) Ray of light 18. The passage mentions which of the following as a reason for the importance of Lake Vostok to scientists? (A) It can be studied using radio waves. (B) It may contain uncontaminated microbes. (C) It may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light. (D) It has already been contaminated. 19. The word downside in line 15 is closest in meaning to (A) underside (B) bottom level

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