TASK-1 RECIPROCAL OF RECIPROCAL LATTICE IS A BRAVAIS LATTICE

Rio Simatupang (083224003)
1. Jika Va adalah volume dari sebuah Lattice Bravais, tunjukkan bahwa volume dari reciprocal
lattice-nya adalah Vb =
Jawab :

( 2π ) 3
!!!
Va

Misalkan Sebuah set vektor reciprocal lattice ai adalah bi yang diberikan pada
persamaan II.4. Dalam kasus dari a1, vektor reciprocal lattice ialah
 

  
(
a 2 × a3 )
  
b1 = 2π
, di mana Va = a1 . ( a 2 × a3 ) , Maka Vb = b1 . b2 × b3 .
Va
  
Vb = b1 . b2 × b3 , maka dengan sesuai persamaan II.4 adalah :

(

(

)

)

( a2 × a3 )
= 2π   
a1 . ( a 2 × a3 )

 
 

a3 × a1
a1 × a 2 
Vb
• 2π    × 2π    
a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) 
 a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 )
 
   
(2π ) 3 (a 2 × a3 )  ( a3 × a1 ) ( a1 × a 2 ) 
Vb =
•   ×   
Va
a1 ⋅ a1 
 a1 ⋅ a1
  

 
a 2 × a3 = a 2 a3 sin θ = a 2 a3 sin 90 0 = 1.1.1 a1 = a1
Perlu diketahui :
 
maka : a1 ⋅ a1 = a1 a1 cos θ = a1 a1 cos 0 0 = 1.1.1 = 1
Vb =
Vb =
Vb =

( 2π ) 3 ( a2 × a3 )
Va

( 2π ) 3 ( a2 × a3 )
Va

( 2π ) 3 ( a2 × a3 )
Va

   
 ( a3 × a1 ) ( a1 × a 2 ) 
•
×

1
 1

      
• [{ ( a3 × a1 ) ⋅ a 2 } a1 − { ( a1 × a 2 ) ⋅ a1 } a 2 ]
    
• [ ( a 2 ⋅ a 2 ) a1 − ( a3 ⋅ a1 ) a 2 ]

  
 
⇒ ( a3 × a1 ) = a3 a1 sin θ = a3 a1 sin 90 0 = 1.1.1 a 2 = 1a 2
  

 
⇒ ( a1 × a 2 ) = a1 a 2 sin θ = a1 a 2 sin 90 0 = 1.1.1a3 = 1a3
  

0
Perlu diketahui : ⇒ ( a 2 ⋅ a 2 ) = a 2 a 2 cos θ = a 2 a 2 cos 0 = 1.1.1 = 1
  

⇒ ( a3 ⋅ a1 ) = a3 a1 cos θ = a 3 a1 cos 90 0 = 1.1.0 = 0

 


⇒ ( a 2 ×a 3 ) = a 2 a 3 sin θ = a 2 a3 sin 90 0 = 1.1.1 = 1 a1
Vb =

( 2π ) 3 ( a2 × a3 )

 
• [1 a1 − 0.a 2 ]

Va
3 
0
3  
(
2π ) ( a1 ⋅ a1 ) ( 2π ) a1 a1 cos 0
=
=
Va
Va

(

Vb

3
3
(
2π ) (1) ( 2π )
=
=

Va

Va

Terbukti !!!!

)

1.1.1 a 3 = 1 a3 ( a2 × a3 ) =  Maka : c 2 = = = =     a 2 a3 sin θ = a 2 a3 sin 90 0 = 1.4     2π ( a  2π ( a  2π ( a    2 × a3 ) 3 × a1 ) 1 × a2 ) b1 =    . dan c3 = a 3 .!!!        2π b2 × b3  2π b3 × b1  2π b1 × b2 Jawab: Telah diketahui bahwa : c1 = . ialah vektor   primitif dari sebuah Lattice Bravais. masing – masing. c2 = . sementara itu c 2 dan c3 ialah masing – masing vektor primitif reciprocal dari reciprocal lattice dari Bravais di atas. Tunjukkan bahwa c 2 = a 2 .      2. di mana a 2 dan a3 . dan a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) = Va a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a 3 ) dan Vb 3 ( 2π ) = Va Maka :       2π 2π ( a1 × a 2 ) 2π ( a 2 × a 3 )  2π b3 × b1 c2 = =   ×   Vb a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) Vb ( ) ( 2π ) 3 ( a× a) × ( a× a) = 1 2 2 3 2 Vb Va           Ingat : ( a1 × a 2 ) × ( a 2 × a3 ) = { ( a1 × a 2 ) ⋅ a3 } a 2 − { ( a 2 × a3 ) ⋅ a 2 } a3      0 di mana : (a1 × a 2 ) = a1 a 2 sin θ = a1 a 2 sin 90 = 1. c3 = Vb Vb Vb ( ) ( ) ( ) Dan juga diketahui dari persamaan II. b2 =    .1 a1 = 1 a1 ( 2π ) 3 [ ( a⋅ a) a − ( a⋅ a) a] 3 3 2 1 2 3 2 Vb Va ( 2π ) 3 Vb Va 2 [( a a cos 0 )a − ( a a cos 90 ) a] 0 3 3 ( 2π ) 3 [V a − 0 a] a 2 3 2 Vb Va ( 2π ) 3 [V a] ( 2π ) 3 V 2 a 2 Va   c2 = a2 a (Terbukti !!) 2 1 2 3 . b3 =    .

     2π   2π 2π ( a 2 × a3 ) 2π ( a3 × a1 ) c3 = b1 × b2 =   ×   Vb Vb a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) a1 ⋅ ( a 2 × a3 ) ( = ) ( 2π ) 3 ( a× a) × ( a× a) 2 3 3 1 2 Vb Va            Ingat : ( a 2 × a3 ) × ( a3 × a1 ) = { ( a 2 × a3 ) ⋅ a1 } a3 − { ( a3 × a1 ) ⋅ a3 } a1     = ( a1 ⋅ a1 ) a3 − ( a 2 ⋅ a3 ) a1   0  0  = a1 a1 cos 0 a3 − a 2 a3 cos 90 a1   = (Va a3 ) − 0a1  = Va a 3 Menjadi : (  ( 2π )  c3 = Va a 3 2 Vb Va 3 = ( 2π ) 3 ( 2π ) 3 V  Va a 3 2 a Va   c3 = a3 (Terbukti!!) ) ( ) .