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Small, High Efficiency, Recuperated Ceramic Turboshaft Engine

Small, High Efficiency, Recuperated Ceramic Turboshaft Engine

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The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is developing a small recuperated ceramic turboshaft engine with the fuel efficiency of a diesel. The engine will produce about four horsepower and weigh roughly nine pounds complete, including an integral three kilowatt generator and power electronics. It will be about twice as efficient as a typical gasoline engine, and will achieve ten times the life and reliability while producing less noise and no vibration. This will be the first reliable, efficient miniature engine that complies with DoD 4140.43, which requires all future military engines to operable on "heavy fuel" (JP5/JP8/Jet-A). The fuel-flexible design can also be operated on biodiesel, gasoline, ethanol, and other liquid hydrocarbons without compromising efficiency, performance, reliability, or emissions. This novel design uses low cost ceramics for the turbomachinery and heat exchanger components. The recuperated design enhances efficiency, and allows operation with a very lean fuel-air mixture that reduces emissions. Scalable in the 1-10 KW range, this engine is suitable for any small turbogenerator application, including small unmanned air vehicle (UAV) propulsion, turbine-electric hybrid drive, and portable field generators. NRL is interested in both developmental collaboration and licensing.

NRL Technology Transfer Office
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/techtransfer/fs.php?fs_id=ENE03

Naval Research Laboratory website
http://www.nrl.navy.mil
The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is developing a small recuperated ceramic turboshaft engine with the fuel efficiency of a diesel. The engine will produce about four horsepower and weigh roughly nine pounds complete, including an integral three kilowatt generator and power electronics. It will be about twice as efficient as a typical gasoline engine, and will achieve ten times the life and reliability while producing less noise and no vibration. This will be the first reliable, efficient miniature engine that complies with DoD 4140.43, which requires all future military engines to operable on "heavy fuel" (JP5/JP8/Jet-A). The fuel-flexible design can also be operated on biodiesel, gasoline, ethanol, and other liquid hydrocarbons without compromising efficiency, performance, reliability, or emissions. This novel design uses low cost ceramics for the turbomachinery and heat exchanger components. The recuperated design enhances efficiency, and allows operation with a very lean fuel-air mixture that reduces emissions. Scalable in the 1-10 KW range, this engine is suitable for any small turbogenerator application, including small unmanned air vehicle (UAV) propulsion, turbine-electric hybrid drive, and portable field generators. NRL is interested in both developmental collaboration and licensing.

NRL Technology Transfer Office
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/techtransfer/fs.php?fs_id=ENE03

Naval Research Laboratory website
http://www.nrl.navy.mil

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: U.S. Naval Research Laboratory on Jul 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/14/2015

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Advantages/Features Approximately 4hp, 9 lbs., 0.6 lb/hp-hr SFC Higher efficiency than existing small gasoline and turboprop engines for similar weight & cost Much higher reliability than existing piston engines Long life (1000 hours) Flexible fuel operation Low noise and vibration No cooling needed Much better high-altitude performance than any other UAV propulsion system Up to 3kW generator output Applications Small, long endurance UAV and hybrid turbo-electric applications Small, lightweight portable turbine generators Propane/natural gas generators for combined heat & power (CHP) or emergency backup power For more information contact: Rita Manak, Ph.D. Head, Technology Transfer Office 202 767-3083 rita.manak@nrl.navy.mil Identification Number: ENE03

SMALL, HIGH EFFICIENCY, RECUPERATED CERAMIC TURBOSHAFT ENGINE

The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is developing a small recuperated ceramic turboshaft engine with the fuel efficiency of a diesel. The engine will produce about four horsepower and weigh roughly nine pounds complete, including an integral three kilowatt generator and power electronics. It will be about twice as efficient as a typical gasoline engine, and will achieve ten times the life and reliability while producing less noise and no vibration. This will be the first reliable, efficient miniature engine that complies with DoD 4140.43, which requires all future military engines to operable on "heavy fuel" (JP5/JP8/Jet-A). The fuel-flexible design can also be operated on biodiesel, gasoline, ethanol, and other liquid hydrocarbons without compromising efficiency, performance, reliability, or emissions. This novel design uses low cost ceramics for the turbomachinery and heat exchanger components. The recuperated design enhances efficiency, and allows operation with a very lean fuel-air mixture that reduces emissions. Scalable in the 1-10 KW range, this engine is suitable for any small turbogenerator application, including small unmanned air vehicle (UAV) propulsion, turbine-electric hybrid drive, and portable field generators. NRL is interested in both developmental collaboration and licensing.
References "Design Overview of a Three-Kilowatt Recuperated Ceramic Turboshaft Engine," Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 132(9) p. 092301-1. "Design Strategies to Maximize Ceramic Turbine Life and Reliability," Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2011: GT2011-46784, June 6-10, 2011, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Available for License: US Patent Publication Nos. 2010-0293946 and 2012-0093661. Other applications have been filed.

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