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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

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22

Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

www.shadejournal.com

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Asia Energy rS &ckdifjynfe,ftwGufusyfodef;(100)vSL'gef;

Vol;(6)No(25),2012
July- 18 to July-24

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44

Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

5

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SHADE NEWS

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

7

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

9

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

11

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ta0;yG J w G i f Ek d i f i H j cm;od k Y
a&mufaeaom 0efBuD;OD;ausmf
Nird ;f ? OD;0rfuakd [m? apmpHb;dk
oif;? qrm;'l;0g;qif0g;aemif
wdYk rwufa&mufMuay/
Adv
k cf sKyfwpYkd nf;a0;aom
cef;rBu;D rSm 0ifaygufo;kH ayguf
&Sad om tcef;us,Bf u;D jzpfav
onf/ tcef;wGi;f ü pm;yG&J n
S f
BuD;oH;k ckukd *çi,fyo
kH @mef
cif;usi;f qif,ifxm;onf/
Adv
k cf sKyfonf xdyq
f ;kH pm;yG&J n
S f
\tvnfwnfw
h nfh ol\oD;
oefaY e&mwGix
f idk o
f nf/ vuf
0Jbufpm;yG&J n
S w
f iG f OD;b*sr;f ?
OD;atmifZaH 0? rdik ;f yGeaf pmfbmG ;
ESiah f ysmb
f ,
G Of ;D jrwdx
Y k id k Mf uonf/
vusmf pm;yGw
J iG rf o
l cifjr?OD;b
csKd ? OD;&mZmwf? OD;b0if;? ref;
bcdik w
f x
Ykd dik Mf uonf/
tpnf;ta0;cef;r\vusmf
bufwiG t
f yg;awmfNrAJ v
kd x
f eG ;f
vS(wuúov
kd af e0if;)\ tcef;
ESiv
hf uf0b
J ufwiG f twGi;f 0ef
OD;a&Tabmf\tcef;&Sad vonf/
Adv
k x
f eG ;f vSonfAv
k d cf sKyftpnf;

aeavonf/
eHeuf 10em&D 15rdepf
wGif tpnf;ta0;pwif\/
xdak eYeeH uf &efuek Nf rKd U\
&moDOwkrmS rk;d wzGzJ EJG iS t
hf yk f
tkyq
f idk ;f qkid ;f jzpfonf/ ndK
aomrk;d onf 0ke;f ueJ &Gmcs

'*kefr*¾Zif;wGifazmfjycJhaom *spfum;ykH
a0;cef;roD;oefaY e&mwGif xkid f
Ny;D onft
h cgwGirf S ol\tvkyf
cef;odx
Yk u
G cf o
hJ nf/,aeYeeH uf
Adv
k cf sKyfae tdrw
f m0gvde;f rS
Akv
d cf sKyfEiS t
hf wlvu
kd yf gvmNy;D
Adv
k cf sKyfa&SUrS twGi;f 0ef½;kH t
ay:odkY t&ifwufvmoljzpf
onf/olu yg;awmfNryJ yD AD v
fkd f
csKyfomG ;&modw
Y k aumufaumuf
vdu
k af eoljzpfonf/ ,ckþ
uufbed uf tpnf;ta0;udk
Ak'¨[l;aeYwGif usif;y&efjzpf
aomfvnf; Adv
k cf sKyf\ trdeYf
t& þpaeaeYoAYkd v
kd x
f eG ;f vS
ud,
k w
f idk yf if a&TUajymif; usi;f y
apjcif;jzpfonf/
OD;a&Tabmfonf vdt
k yf
aompm&Gupf mwrf;rsm;udpk pD Of
ay;&ef Adv
k cf sKyf\ teD;wGi&f dS

vdu
k af wmhrnfouJo
h &Ykd o
dS nf/
wpfcgwpf&H wzGzJ aJG pGae&mrS
cyf onf;onf;av;&Gmcsvu
kd f
onf/ þodjYk zifrh ;dk wpdrphf rd w
hf iG f
&efukefvlxkonf vrf;BuD;
vrf;i,ftoG,o
f ,
G üf O'[dk
oGm;vmaeMuonf/ rMumrD
usa&mufvmrnfh Mur®mqkd;
BuD;onf rk;d om; wdrv
f yd rf sm;
ESit
hf wl &efuek Nf rKd UBuD;udv
k rT ;f
NcKH pjyKaeNyu
D u
dk m; rnfow
l pf
OD;wpfa,mufurQ &dyrf jd cif;
r&Sad y/
þtwGi;f vlig;a,muf
pD;eif;vdu
k yf gvmaom eHygwf
at-pD-1814(AC 1814) *spf
um;wpfp;D onf twGi;f 0ef½;kH
BuD;twGi;f odYk csKd ;0ifvmonf/
*spfum;ay:wGif 12 eHygwf

Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

wyfrawmfwq
H yd rf sm;wyfqifí
ppf,leDazmif;tjynfhtpHk0wf
qifxm;olrsm;vdu
k yf gvmMu
onf/ ppf,el D azmif;tjynfh
tpHk 0wfxm;Muaomfvnf;
wyfqifxm;aomwHqyd t
f ae
txm;? 0wfqifyw
kH rYkd mS yHrk us

ESiphf ed Bf uD;wd4Yk OD; onf um;&yf
vQi&f yfjcif;um;ay:rS cyfou
G f
oGuu
f av; qif;vdu
k Mf u\/
um;armif;olock onf*spu
f m;
av;udktwGif;0ef½Hk;0if;xGuf
aygufoaYkd cgif;vSnv
hf supf uf
r&yfbaJ pmifah eMuonf/ ao

vSay/ pD;vmaomzdeyfrsm;rSm
vnf; ppfzed yfr[kw?f uif;
bwftjzLpD;xm;onf/ wpf
a,mufu um;armif;í usef
av;a,mufwiG f wpfa,muf
u wlr;D aoewfu,
dk pf D udik f
vsuw
f pfO;D u pwif;aoewf
udu
k idk af qmifxm;onf/ ½kwf
w&ufMunfhvQif þolrsm;
onf ta&;wBuD;udpjö zifh t
vsipf vdk a&mufvmaom ppf
bufrS &Jabmfrsm;jzpfMuonf
[kxif&\/ odaYk omfþolrsm;
onf ,aeYeHeuf(8)em&DcefY
u vkyBf uHrBI uD;twGuf tpp
t&m&mjyifqifcMhJ uNy;D jzpfonfh
vlowform;rsm;jzpfMuonf/
xdo
k rl sm;onf *VKefO;D apm\
cdik ;f apcsuEf iS Ohf ;D apm\aetdrf
Nc0H if;rS rMumao;rDu xGuf
vmMuolrsm;jzpfMuonf/tif;
vsm;uefapmif;wGif ar;wif
aeaom OD;apm\ at'Dvrf;
Nct
H rSw(f 4)tdrrf NS rKd UwGi;f twGi;f
0ef½;kH BuD;odt
Yk vsit
f jrefarmif;
ESifvmMuolrsm;jzpfMuonf/
ppfbuf&aJ bmfrsm;toGif
aqmifvmMuolrsm;rSm OD;apm
\vl,akH wmfwynfrh sm;jzpfMu
onfh oufEiS ;f ? armifp;kd ? &ef
BuD;atmif? pde;f BuD;ESio
hf ck wdYk
jzpfMuonf/
*spu
f m;av;onf twGi;f
0ef½;kH odaYk &mufaomtcg t&Sed f
avQmí
h &yfvu
dk o
f nf/ um;
pufuu
kd m; r&yfbx
J m;onf/
armifp;kd ?oufEiS ;f ?&efBu;D atmif

ewfu,
kd pf ED iS hf vlowform;
wdo
Yk nf avScg;wpfavQmufrS
cyfou
G o
f u
G af v; wufomG ;
Muonf/
eHeuf 10em&D? rdepf30cefY
acgif;aqmifBu;D rsm; pnf;
a0;yGJpwifonfrSm 15rdepf
ausmfausmfrQ&SdayNyD/
tpDtpOft& vrf;yrf;
qufo,
G af &;udprö sm;udak qG;
aEG;&ef tvSnu
hf sa&mufvm
onf/ vrf;yrf;taqmuftOD;
ESifhjyefvnfxlaxmifa&;qkdif
&m 0efBuD;OD;b*sr;f onfxakd eY
utat;ywfNyD;aeraumif;
ay/ aeraumif;&ufrS owif;
xl;wpfckudk ajym&eftwGuf
tust
Ð xyfxyf0wfvsuf t
pnf;a0;wufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
ol&&Sad om owif;xl;onf
um;tjcm;r[kw?f vGecf o
hJ nfh
ZGev
f twGi;f u Adv
fk w
f axmif
(pDt'dk )D ppfypön;f odak vSmifa&;
wyfzUJG rS pwif;*ef;tvufEpS f
&mESiu
h f snq
f rH sm;aysmufq;k H cJ&h m
wGif azmufxiG ;f cd;k ,lc&H jcif;
r[kwb
f J ppfzuft&m&Srd sm;\
vufrw
S f wHqyd t
f wkjzifh ydyd
&d&d vdro
f mG ;jcif;jzpfaeonf/
xdv
k ufeufrsm;vdrx
f w
k o
f mG ;
onfhudpöudk owif;pmrsm;
wGif azmfjyNy;D jzpfaomfvnf;
w&m;cHvufonfukd ,ckxd
rrdao;bJjzpf&mxdw
k &m;cHrmS
tjcm;olr[kwb
f J OD;apm om
vQijf zpfonf[al om owif;
xl;yifjzpfonf/ 0efBuD;OD;b

*sr;f onf vufeufvrd x
f w
k f
onfh udpu
ö kd jynfov
l x
l u
k
yif owif;pmrS wqifo
h &d NdS y;D
jzpf&m xdo
k v
Ykd rd x
f w
k o
f mG ;ol
rSmOD;apmjzpfaeonfuk d owif;
&&Sdojzifh tpnf;ta0;wGif
wifjy&ef rusef;rmvsufrS
a&mufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
,cktpDtpOft& vrf;
yef;qufo,
G af &;udpu
ö kd aqG;
aEG;Murnfjzpfí OD;b*sr;f onf
ol\ owif;udk þudpNö y;D rS
ajym&efq;kH jzwfvu
kd o
f nf/ ol
\vrf;yrf;qufo,
G af &;Xme
'kw,
d twGi;f 0ef tkid pf t
D ufpf
OD;tkef;armif a&mufvmNyD;
vusmf bufpm;yGx
J yd f ocifjr
ab;wGif 0ifxidk v
f u
kd o
f nf/
þtcdu
k t
f wefrY mS yif tpnf;
ta0;\rsuEf mS pm&Sw
d cH g;BuD;rS
vlowform;rsm;bGm;ueJay:
vmonf/acgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;
onf 12 eHygwfwyfrawmf
wHqdyfudkwyfí ,leDazmif;
tjynft
h pHk 0wfqifxm;aom
vlowform;rsm;udk ta&;
BuD;aomudp&ö í
dS Adv
k cf sKyfxH
wdu
k ½f u
kd f tpD&ifc&H ef a&muf
&Sv
d monfh &Jabmfrsm; jzpfMu
onf[k ½d;k om;pGm ,HMk unfMu
onf/ vlowform;rsm;onf
*çi,fyo
kH @mefppD Ofxm;aom
pm;yGo
J ;k H ck\twGi;f buftv,f
odw
Yk ef;wef;rwfrwfwef;pD0if
vmMuonf/ a&SUqH;k rS0ifvm
olonf acgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;
rifoufí Nird af epOfrmS yif
][dw}f [laomtoHus,u
f s,f
wpfceG ;f atmfNy;D toifyh gvm
aomawmfr*D ef;jzifAh v
kd cf sKyfukd
pwifypfcwfvu
kd o
f nf/ Adv
k f
csKyfonfxidk &f mrS xvdu
k \
f /
wpfpw
kH pfcu
k v
kd rS ;f í ajymNy;D
vufumjyonf/Adv
k cf sKyfEw
I rf S
pum;oHoo
J u
J u
JG x
JG u
G af y:í
rvmrD tqufrjywfypfcwf
vdu
k af omaoewforH sm;xGuf
ay:vmonf/ AdkvfcsKyfonf
ukvm;xkid af &mvlygaemufoYkd
vefusoGm;onf/
tqufrjywfypfcwfvu
kd f
aomaoewfoEH iS t
hf wl acgif;
aqmifBuD;rsm; Murf;jyifoYkd t
wH;k t½H;k vJusomG ;onf/ 0ef
BuD;OD;b*sr;f ? aysmb
f ,
G Of ;D jr?
OD;atmifZHa0ESifhtwGif;0efOD;
a&TabmfrSwpfyg; usefacgif;
aqmifBuD;rsm; vlowf vuf
csujf zifh aoG;ajrus&&Smonf/
vlowform;rsm; pwif
ypfcwfonfEiS w
hf pfNyKd ifeuf 0ef
BuD; OD;b*sr;f onf ol\teD;
wGix
f idk af eonfh OD;atmifZaH 0
\vufukd atmufqí
JG Murf;
jyifoq
Ykd cJG svu
kd o
f nf/ olwEYkd pS f
OD;aoab;rS vGwcf MhJ uonf/
OD;b*sr;f wGif aoewfEpS cf suf
&Syí
f rSeaf o;onf/ twGi;f 0eff
OD;a&TabmfEiS ahf ysmb
f ,
G Of ;D jrwdYk
ESpOf ;D urlow
l EYkd iS ehf ;D aomjywif;
pmrsufEmS (13)okYd
www.shadejournal.com

uReaf wmfw&Ykd yfuu
G t
f eD;
u udk,fykdifenf;jyoifwef;
wpfc\
k trnfrmS attufpf
aujzpfonf/ vkyif ef;ESiv
hf u
dk f
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[kq&kd rnfyif/ onfae&mrSm
ASK tyfp=
f ar;onf[k r
&nf&,
G yf g/ A rSm Attitude
(oabmxm;tjrif)? S rSSm
Skill (uRrf;usifrI)? K rSm
Knowledge (A[kow
k )udk qdk
vkjd cif;jzpfygonf/ynma&;ESihf
qkid af oma0g[m&rsm;yif/ þ
ae&mwGif*kPf,ltm;uszG,f
aumif;aom yk*¾dKvftcsdKU\
oabmxm;tjrifudkwifjy&
vQif(u)ur®Xmef;enf;jyq&m
BuD;OD;oefYpif\oabmxm;
tjrif
wpfcgurk;d ukw0f yd óem
ckEpS &f ufw&m;pcef;wpfcw
k iG f
enf;jyq&mBuD;OD;oefpY if u
a,m*Drsm;udw
k &m;OD;ed'gef;ydcYk s
&mrSmearmAk'ó
¨ ?earm"r®ó?
earmoHCó?earmtmp&d,
ó?earmrmwmydwó
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tmp&d,óudk t&ifq&kd yg
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k \
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q&mBuD;OD;oefYpifu tpOf
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k q
f &kd rnfrmS rSeaf omfvnf;
rdbESpyf g;\arG;aus;Zl;? auR;
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todÓmPf rsufpdESpfuGif;udk
tvif;&atmifziG ahf y;Ekid af om
rkd;ukwfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;
*kPf&nfuydkí BuD;rm;aom
aMumifh earmtmp&d,óudk
t&ifqdk&jcif;jzpfygonf [k
ol\oabmxm;tjrifuak d jymjy
avonf/
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tqH k ; tr
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¨ &k m;&Siw
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trum;
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rSm raumif;rIa&Smif? aumif;rI
aqmif? jzLatmifpw
d u
f x
kd m;
yifjzpfygonf/

(*)Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef; \
oabmxm;tjrif
]wkid ;f jynfEiS v
hf rl sKd ;tusKd ;
twGuw
f m0efxrf;aqmif&if;
toufudkpGefYvTwfay;qyf&
jcif;xuf? ydkíjrifhjrwfaom
*kPrf &SEd idk af wmhNy}D /tajymESihf
tvkyn
f ñ
D w
G pf mG &Guaf qmif
Ekid cf ah J omtmZmenfacgi;f aqmif
yifjzpfonf/
(C) q&mBuD;ocifu,
kd f
awmfriId ;f \oabmxm;tjrif
]awmif u sa& EG m ;ES p f
aumifa0So
Y vdyk ? armifbaz
ig;axmifarGUr,fv}Ykd }
þav;csdK;uAsmpmom;
yg ig;axmifrmS ,ckacwfqif
jzLawmf ig;axmifr[kwyf g/
tvGeaf iGwefz;kd Bu;D í rufarm
zG,af umif;aom t*Fvyd af iG
ig;axmifjzpfygonf/ EkdifiH
awmf vGwfvyfa&;twGuf
t*Fvefoo
Ykd mG ;a&mufta&;qkd
cJo
h nfh xdyw
f ef;jrefrmEkid if aH &;
acgif;aqmifBuD;? t*Fvyd w
f Ykd
ay;aom&mxl;ESihf tmPma&
tvsOaf Mumajrmrnfukd q&m
BuD;ocifu,
kd af wmfriId ;f u ESpf
ouf[efrwlyg/
ynm&Sm&mwGiv
f nf;aumif;
pD;yGm;&Sm&mwGiv
f nf;aumif;?
rnfonfhtvkyfudkvkyfonf
jzpfap? oabmxm;tjrif
Munfvifjywfom;zdv
Yk ykd gonf/
jrefrmhq&kd ,
S v
f pfvrf;pOfygwD
acwfu]oabmw&m;[lonf
b0a&SUaqmifr;D ½SL;a&mif}}[lí
%
oabmxm;tjrif ta&;BuD;ykH
udak qmify'k jf yKcJo
h nf/
uRrf;usifrI (Skill)
ynm\tjcm;aomtajc
cHa0g[m&wpfcrk mS Skill (uRr;f
usirf )I yifjzpfonf/ tcsKd Uaom
ynm&yfwrYkd mS oif,jl cif;? avh
vmzwf½jI cif;oufoufjzifh r
wwfajrmufEidk yf g/ yrmtm;jzifh
a&ul;wwfcsifvQif a&ul;
enf;pepfpmtkyo
f ufoufzwf
½I,jkH zifrh &Ekid ?f enf;pepfreS u
f kd
avhvmNy;D vufawGUa&ul;rS
omwwfajrmufEkdifayrnf/
xdkYtwl tajccH,mOfarmif;
ynm? yD,mEdw
k ;D cwfjcif;wdYk
onfvnf; tvm;wlyifjzpf
onf/ xdjYk yif uRr;f usirf u
I kd
vlw\
Ykd aeYpOfvrl b
I 0wGif t
oH;k csae&onf/ ]uRr;f usi&f m

vdrm® }[lonfh pum;vnf;&Sd
onf/yrmtm;jzift
h if;0acwf
0efBuD;Anm;'vonf qifukd
cRe;f tkyx
f ed ;f ausmif;&müawmf
aomfvnf;qDonfr\tvGef
t0usO;f aomtk;d xJoYkd tjcm;
wpfcu
G rf q
S u
D akd vmif;xnfjh y
Ekid o
f nfu
h Rr;f usirf rI sKd ;udrk rl &
&Scd ahJ cs/
,aeYurÇmEh idk if t
H csKd Uonf
pufyikd ;f qkid &f mokwudt
k ajcjyK
ívufawGUtm;jzifah rmif;olrhJ
av,mOfudkwnfaqmufMu
onf/ oabmxm;tjrifrmS
qufo,
G af &;ESiahf xmufvrS ;f
a&;e,fy,fww
Ykd iG x
f ad &mufpmG
toHk;csEkdifa&;yifjzpfonf/
,cktcg tar&duefarmif;olrhJ
av,mOfrsm;onf qif;wuf
&efajy;vrf;rvdb
k &J [wf,mOf
rsm;uJo
h Ydk xufatmuf wnfh
wnfhqif;ouffí ysHoef;Ekdif
onfrmS enf;ynmwk;d wufrI
yif jzpfonf/ þwDxiG rf rI sKd ;ü
pufyidk ;f qkid &f mokwuRr;f usif
rIESifh oabmxm;tjrif[l
aom ynm\tajccHtm;vH;k
yg0ifavonf/
A[kow
k (Knowledge)
okwynmrSm uRr;f usif
rIoabmxm;tjrifwx
Ykd ufykd
ítajccHusonf/okwr&Sb
d ?J
uRrf;usifrI&&efcJ,Of;onf/
oabmxm;tjrifr&Sio
f efEidk ?f
0 r&Sb
d J 0dvyk í
f r&ovdyk if
okwonft&ifq;k H &SmazG&aom
tajccH todynmjzpfonf/
ocsmF bmomütajccH*P
k o
f wå?d
oDt&kd rfrsm;udo
k yd grS ykpmä rsm;

udk ajz &Si;f Ekid o
f vdyk if/ okw
ynmudv
k v
kH akH vmufavmuf
&&Sv
d Qio
f w
k udt
k ajccHíuRr;f
usirf u
I &kd ,lEidk o
f nf/oabm
xm;tjrif&iS o
f efEidk o
f nf/
]ynmjynf0h ESv;kH vSaomf
udpBö uD;i,f? aqmufozG,f
vQi?f usO;f us,x
f iG ;f azmuf?
jzwfawmufv&kd m Ny;D Ekid pf mG \}
[k tif;0acwf&[ef;pmqdk
&Sifr[m&Xom&u qHk;rpm
uAsmzGUJ í rdeq
Yf ckd o
hJ nf/
xdaYk Mumif od&jdS cif;? em;
vnfjcif;? toH;k csjcif;? cGjJ zm
jcif;? aygif;pyfjcif;tuJjzwf
jcif;wdkYonf ynmpcef;odkY
wufvrS ;f &rnfah vScg;xpfrsm;
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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

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13
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14
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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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t&Siaf umrv(c)qefeaD erif;
(omoewuúov
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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

B.A(Buddhism),M.A
(University of Kelaniya)

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15
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16
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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

www.shadejournal.com

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

17

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

19

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July -24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

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Issue Vol:6,No-25(July- 18 to July-24)

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