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# 100

## Do all the problems with details.

1.(20%)(a)Find (2) f ' , where
2
2
2
( )
t
x
x
f x t e dt
}
= .
(b)Find
2
lim
x
x
x e

if it exists.
Ans ( )
( )
( )
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
) 2
x
x
x x
a f x x e x x e
= =
' =
16 4
64 4 e e =

2 2
) lim lim 0
x
x x
x
e x
b x e

= = 2
2.(20%)(a)Evaluate
1
1
1
x
e
dx

}
+
. (b)Evaluate the integral
2
0
st
t e dt

}
for 0 s > .
Ans(a)6-37(8)

1 1
1
1 1
ln 1 ln(1 )
x
x
x
e x
dx e e

}
+ =
= + = +
(b)Laplce Transform
I.B.P
( ) ( )
1 3 3
2
1 3
2 2!
0
n
n
n
st
s s s
t e dt
+
=
I + I

}
= = =
3.(20%)(a)Find the radius of convergence of
0
2
2
n
n
n
x

=
+ | |
|
\ .

(b)Find the sum of the power series in (a)
Ans
1
3
2
2
2
lim 1
n
n
n
x
n
n
x
r
+
+ | |
|
\ .
+ | |

|
\ .
= <
( )( )
( )( )
2 1
2
2! 2
3 3 2
2
2!
lim lim 1
n n
n
n n n
C
C n n
x
+ +
+
+ + +

< = =
1
( )
2 3 4 2 5 3
2 2 2 2
0
2
2
n
n
n
b x C C x C x C x

=
+ | |
= + + + +
|
\ .

2 3 4
1 3 6 10 15 x x x x = + + + + +
( ) ( )
2 3
1 1 2 (1 2 3) 1 2 3 4 x x x = + + + + + + + + + +

( )
( )
( )
( )
2 3
2 3 4
2 3 4 5
3 4 5
1 1
2
3
4
x x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x
+ + + +
+ + + + +
+ + + + +
+ + + +

2 3
2 3 4 1
1 1 1 1
x x x
x x x x
= + + + +

( ) ( ) ( )
2 3 2 3 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
1 2 3 4
x
x x x x
x x x x x x

' '
= + + + + = + + + =

( ) ( )
2 3
1 1 1
1
1 1
x
x x

= = 1, x x R < e

200 100

4.(20%)(a)Find all critical points for
2 2
( , ) 2 4 12 f x y x y x y = + + and determine
whether each corresponds to a relative maximum, a relative minimum, or
(b)Evaluate
2 2
2
2 2
9 3
0 0
1
x y
x
x y
dydx
+

} }
+ +
.
Ans( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
( , ) 2 4 12 1 2 17 17 a f x y x y x y x y = + + = + + >
( )
min
1, 2 17 f f = = 7
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
3
1
3
0 0
2
1 0
tan
r
r
b rdrd r r
t
t
} }
+
u =
78
5.(20%)(a)Evaluate the line integral
2
C
xy dt
}
, where C is the curve
2 , , 0 1
t
x t y e t = = s s .
(b)Find the work done by the force field
2
( , ) F x y xi y j =

in moving a
particle from (1,0) to (0,1) along the quarter-circle
2
( ) (cos ) (sin ) , 0 r t t i t j t
t
= + s s

.
Ans(a) ( )
( )
2
1
2 2 2 1 1 1
0
2 2 2
0
2
t
t t t e
t
t e dt te e
=
}
=
= = +
(b)
2
cos , sin , 0 x t y t t
t
= = s s
( )
( )( )
( )
( )
{ }
2
2 2
0
W cos sin sin cos
B B
A A
F dr xdx y dy t t t t dt
t
} } }
= = =

( )
2 3
sin sin 1 1
2
2 3 2 3
0
t t
t
= = +

( )
3 3
2 2
(0,1)
(0,1) 2
(1,0)
2 3 2 3
(1,0)
W
y y
x x B B
A A
F dr xdx y dy d
} } }
| | | |
= = = =
| |
\ . \ .

1 1
3 2
=
100
10
1.Given
2 2
2 3 x y x = , find
2
2
d y
dx
in terms of x and y .
Ans

( )( ) ( )( )
( )
2 2 2 2
2
2 2
2
2 1 2
1
2 2
2 (2 ) 2 0
y x yy yx xy xy x y
xy
yx
yx
xy x yy y y
' ' + +

## ' ' '' + = = =

2
2
1 xy
yx
y

' =
2.Find the volume of largest right circular cone that can be inscribed in a sphere of
Ans x
2 2
r x =
h x r = +
( )
( )
2 2 2 1
3 3
V h r x r x
t
= t = +
( )
( )
( )
2 2 3 2 2 3
f x r x r x r r x rx x = + = +
( ) ( )( )
2 2
2 3 3 0 f x r rx x r x r x ' = = + =
3
r
x =
( )
3
0
r
f '' <

( )
2
2 8 4
max sphere
3 9 3 27
r r
V r V
t
| |
= =
|
\ .

3.Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the plane region
2
4 , 0 y x x y = = , about the line 5 x = .
Ans
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 3
4
0
2 5 2 5 4 2 20 9 dV x ydx x x x dx V x x x dx
}
= t = t = t +
( )
4
4
2 3
4
0
V 2 10 3
x
x
x
x x
=
=
= t +
4.Find
2
0
lim ( )
x x
x
e x
+

+ .
Ans
( )
2
ln
2 4
0 0
lim ( ) lim
x
x
e x
x x
x x
e x e e
+ +
+

+ = =
( ) ( )
' 2ln 2 1
0
0
0 0
lim lim 4
x x
x
l h e x e
x
e x
x x
+ +
+ +
+

= =
5.Find
7
ln x xdx
}
.
Ans5-16(2) Page5-35
8 8
7 ln
8 64
ln
x x x
x xdx c
}
= +
6.Is the following series convergent or divergent ?

2 3 4
2 3 4 19 2! 19 3! 19 4! 19 1
2 7 7 7 7
3 4 5
1 ( ) ( ) ( ) + + + + +
Ans
( )
19
1
7
!
1
0
n
x
n n
n
n
x
= >

+
=
= ( )
( )
!
1
0
n
n n
n
n
f x x

+
=
=
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
1
1
1 !
1
1
2
2 1
1 !
1
lim 1 lim lim 1
n
m n
n
n
n
n m
n
n
n n m n
n n m
n
x
x e
x
+
= +
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
< < + =
x e e x e < < < ,
19
7
x =
7.Find the Maclaurin series for
1
1
( ) ln
x
x
f x
+

## = and determine its radius of

convergence. Use the first four nonzero terms of the series to approximate ln3.
Ans9-40(3)
1
2
x =
8.A semicircle is on top of a rectangle. If the area is fixed and the perimeteris
a minimum, or if the perimeter is fixed and the area is a maximum, verify that the
length of the rectangle is twice its height.
Ansrectangle() h
2

( )
2
2 2
const. A h k
t
= + = =

2
2 L h
t
= + +

L

( )
2
8
8
k
k
h
t

t
= = +

( )
2
4 2
k
L
t t
= + +

( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
4 4
1 1 2
k
L
t t
= + + > + k

( )
2 2 8 8
4 4 4
1
k k k t
+t +t
+ = = =

( ) ( )
2 2 8 4 4 1 1 4
8 8 8 4 4 8 4
k k k
k
h k h k k
t t t +t
+t +t +t
+ = = = = =

2
4 2
2
k
h h
+t
= = =

( )
2
2 8
1 2 L h h k
t t
| |
= + + + +
|
\ .

( )
( )
2 4
1 0
2 0
h
L h
L
t t
= + + + =
= + =

2h =
9.Find the volume of the solid bounded by the graphs of
2 2
ln( ) z x y = +
2 2
0 , 1 z x y = + > and
2 2
4 x y + s
AnsV ( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
ln
2
2 2
0 0 1
1 4
ln
z x y
z
x y
dz dxdy r rdrd
= +
t
}} } } }
=
s + s
= = u dxdy rdrd = u
( ) ( )
4 2 1 4
1
1
2
2 ln ln , t dt t t t t r
}
= t = t =
10.Find the volume of the region of points ( , , ) x y z such that

2 2 2 2 2 2
( 8) 36( ) x y z x y + + + s + .
Ans(1)xy -plane
2 2 2
r x y = +

( )
2
2 2 2
8 36 4 16 2 4 r r r r + s s s s s
(2) 0 z =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 16 20 64 0 z x y z x y x y
| |
+ + + + + + + s
|
\ .

( ) ( )
4 2 2 4 2
2 16 20 64 0 z r z r r + + + + s
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 4 2
2
2 16 2 16 4 20 64
2 2 2 16 12
2 2
6 8
r r r r
r r
z r r
+ + +
+
= = = +
2
6 8 z r r = + 0 z >
V ( ) ( )
2
2 6 8 2 4
0 0 2
2 4
2 2 6 8
r r
r
dz rdrd r r rdrd
+ t
}} } } }
s s
= u = + u
( )
2
4
2
4 1 3 , 3 sin r rdr r t
}
= t = +
( )
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
0
4 cos 3 sin cos 4 2 3 cos 4 cos sin t t tdt tdt t tdt
t t t
t t
} } }

= t + = t + t

2
6 = t
100
Do all the problems in detail.
1.(20%)(a)Find the limit
2
1
0
lim sin
x
x
x
+

if it exists..
(b)Find the relative extreme values of
2
1
( )
x
x
f x
+
=
Ans( ) a
2 2 2
1 1 1
0
1 sin 1 sin lim sin 0
x x x
x
x x x x
+

s s s s =

( ) ( )
1
x
b f x x = + 4-15(2)
( ) ( )
min max
1 2 , 1 2 f f f f = = = =
2.(20%)(a)Evaluate
2
2
1
ln x xdx
}
.
(b)Evaluate the integral
2
0
(2 ) x x dx
}
.
Ans( )
( )
( ) ( )
3 3
2 2 ln 8ln 2 8 1 2
1
1
3 9 3 9 9
ln 0
x x x
a x x
}
= =
( ) ( )
2
2
2 2 1
0 0 1
(2 ) 1 1 1 b x x dx x dx t dt
} } }

= =

2
1 2 1 1 1 1
0
0
2 2 2
2 1 2 sin
t t
t dt t
t
}
| |
= = + =
|
\ .

3.(20%)(a)Evaluate the integral
2 3
0
sin xdx
t
}
.
(b)Evaluate the integral
2
3
0
1
x
x
dx
}

.
Ans( )
2 3 2
0
3
sin 1 a xdx
t
}
= Wallis
( )
( )( )
1 1 1
2 2 2 3 3 3
0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1
x
x x x x x
b dx dx dx k
} } }
+ +

= + = +
`
)

4.(20%)(a)Let ( )
2
2
, ln
xy
f x y e x y = + . Find all first-order and second-order partial
derivative of f
(b) Find all critical points for
2 2
( , ) 2 4 5 f x y x y x y = + + and determine
whether each corresponds to a relative maximum, a relative minimum, or a
Ans( )
2 2 2
2
2 ln , 2
xy xy x
x y
y
a f y e x y f xye = + = +

2 2 2
4 2 2
2ln , 2 2
xy xy xy x
xx xy
y
f y e y f ye y e xy = + = + +
( )
2 2 2
2
2
2 2
xy xy x
yy
y
f xe xy e = +
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
, 2 1 4 4 1 2 0 b f x y x x y y x y = + + + = + >
( )
min
1, 2 0 f f = =
5.(20%)(a).Let ( ) { }
, 1 2 , 0 3 R x y x y = s s s s . Evaluate the double integral
( )
2
4
R
x xy dA
}}
+
(b). Let ( )
{ }
2 2
, 1 1, 0 , 1 4 R x y x y x y = s s s s + s . Evaluate the double
integral
2
R
x ydA
}}

Ans( )
( )
2 3
3
2 3 27 3 2 3
0
0 1 0
2 2 2
4 6 6 18
y y
a x xy dxdy dy y
} } }
| |
+ = + = + = +
|
\ .

( ) b
( )
( )
2 3 2
2
0 1
cos sin
R
x ydA r rdrd
t
}} } }
= u u u
31 2
5 3
=
100
1.(6%)Let ( ) , , f x y z be a differentiable real valued function of three real variables
with the first partial derivatives ( 4, 3, 2) 1, ( 4, 3, 2) 3
x y
f f = = and
( 4, 3, 2) 2
z
f = . Let
2 2
( , ) ( , 1 , 3 2 ) g u v f uv u v u v = + + + for , u v R e
Evaluate the first partial derivative (2, 2)
g
u
c
c
.
Ans ( ) ( ) ( , , ) , , , ,
u x u y u z u
g f x y z x f x y z y f x y z z = + +

2 2
2 2
1
, 1 , 3 2 , , , 3
u
u u u
u v
x uv y u v z u v x v y z
+ +
= = + + = + = = =
4 , 3 , 2 , 2 , 2 x y z u v = = = = =
(2, 2) 2 2 6 2
g
u
c
c
= + =
2.(6%)Let ( , ) f x y be a differentiable real valued function of two real variables, and
let ( ) t o and ( ) t | be differentiable curves lying on the graph of f with
(0) (0) ( , , ( , )) a b f a b o = | = , where , R a be . Assume that (0) (4, 5, 3) ' o =
and (0) (2, 3, 2) ' | = . Evaluate the first partial derivatives ( , )
x
f a b and
( , )
y
f a b .
Ans ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 0 4, 5, 3 2, 3, 2 1, 2, 2 ' ' o | = =
( )
( )
4, 5, 3
2, 3, 2

2 2
3
i j k
n
+
=

( ) t o ( ) t |

( ) ( ) , , , 0 F x y z z f x y = =

( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
,
, ,1
,
1 2 2
3 3 3
,
1
, ,
x y
x y x a y b
f f
z f x y
z f x y
f f
n
= =

V
V
+ +
= = =

( )
( ) ( )
2 2
,
1
3
, , 1
x
x y
f a b
f a b f a b

+ +
= (1)

( )
( ) ( )
2 2
,
2
3
, , 1
y
x y
f a b
f a b f a b

+ +
= (2)

( ) ( )
2 2
1 2
3
, , 1
x y
f a b f a b + +
= (3) ( ) ( )
2 2 3
2
, , 1
x y
f a b f a b + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 1 1
3 2
1 , , , 1
x x y
f a b f a b f a b = + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
3
2 , , , 1 1
y x y
f a b f a b f a b = + + =
3.(8%)Let
2 1
( ) ( 2 4) f x x x

= + for R x e . Evaluate the 6-th order derivative
(6)
(1) f of f at 1.
Ans ( )
{ }
( )
( )
2
2
1
3
1
1
2
2 1 1 1 1
3 3 3
1
( ) ( 2 4) 3 1 1
x
x
f x x x x

= + = + = = +

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
4 6 8 2
2 3 4
1 1 1 1
3
3 3 3
, 1 1 1 3
x x x x
x

+ + < s s +
( )
( ) ( )
2 4
3 4 5 4
1
8 7 6 3 1 10 9 5 1
(6) 6! 6! 1
3
3 3 3 3
1
x
x x
f
=

| |
= + + =
|
|
\ .

4.(8%)Let
3
2
1
0
( ) ( 1)
t
x
e
f x dt

}
= for x R e . Evaluate
2
( )
2cos 2 0
lim
f x
x x x +

Ans
( ) ( )
3 3
2 2 2
2
1 1 1 6
' '
( )
0
0 2 2sin 2 2cos
2cos 2 0 0 0
lim lim lim
x x
e e x
l h l h
f x
x x x
x x x x x
| | | |

| |
\ . \ .

+
= =
3
1 cos
2
2 1
0
3 lim 6
x
x
x
x
e

= =
5.(14%)Evaluate the following integrals
(a)
3
1 1
0
1
x
x
dx
+
}
+
(b)
3
2
1
0
1
x
x
dx

}
+

Ans( ) a
( )
3
3
2 3 4 5 1 1 1 3 3 17 1 1
0
0 0
1 4 5 20
1
3
x t
t
x
dx t dt t t t
+ +
} }
+
+
= = + =
( ) b
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2 2 2
2 2
2 1 1 2
1 1 4
1
1
1 1
t t t t
x t t
x
t
t t
t x dx dt dt
+

+
+
+ +
= = = =

( )
( )
( )
2
3
2
2 2 2
2 2
4 1 4
1 4 2 3 2 3 2 3 1
0 1 1 1
1 1
1 1
4
t
x t
x t
t t
dx t dt dt dt
+ +

} } } }
+ +
+ +
= = =

( )
( )
2
1
2 tan
1 2 3 2 3 sin 2 2 3 1
1 1 1
2 4
1
4 4tan 4
u t
u u
t
dt t

=

}
+
+ = + +

2 5-10(2)
( )
3
2 12 4
cos 2
4 12
1 1 cos 2 sin
0
1 cos 2 cos
1
2sin 2 2 2sin cos
x t
x t t
t t
x
dx tdt t tdt
t t
t t
=

} } }
+
+
= =

( )
4 4 4
12 12 12
2 1 cos 2 sin 2
2 2
4 sin 4 2
t t
tdt dt t
t t t
t t t

= = =
} }

6.(24%)Evaluate the following iterated integrals
(a)
2
1
0 0
sin( ) x xy dxdy
t
} }
(b)
2
1 1
0
1
y
x
y
dydx
} }
+

(c)
1
2
2
2 2
1
0
1
xy y
y
x y
dxdy

} }
+ +

Ans(a) ( )
2 2 1
1 1
0
0 0 0 0 0
sin( ) sin( ) cos x xy dxdy x xy dydx x xy dx
t t t
} } } } }
= =
( )
0
cos x x x dx
t
}
= ( )
2
0
2
sin cos
x
x x x
t
= +
(b)
( )
2
2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0
2 2 2
1
ln 1 ln 2 ln 1
y
x x
y
dydx y dx x dx
} } } }
+
= + = +

( )
{ }
2
2 2
2 1 2 1 1 1 1
0
0 0
2 2 4
1 1
ln 2 ln 1 1
x x
x x
x x x dx dx
t
} }
+ +
= + = =
(c) ( )
1
2
2
2 4
2 2 2
1
cos sin 1
0 0 0
1 1
xy y
r
y
x y r
dxdy rdrd
t

u u
} } } }
+ + +
= u

( )
( ) ( )
2
4
2
2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 ln 2 1
0
0 0
2 4 2 8
1
sin sin ln 1
r
r
d dr r r
t

} }
+
| |
= u u = + =
|
\ .

7.(10%)Evaluate the triple integral
2
x zdV
}}}
O
, where
{ }
2 2 2 2
( , , ) : 0 min( 3( ), 4 ) and 0 x y z z x y x y y x O = s s + s s
Ans(1)
2 2
1 , 0 x y y x + s s s
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
Min 3 x , 4 3 z y x y x y
| |
= + = +
|
\ .

(2)
2 2
1 4 , 0 x y y x s + s s s

( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
Min 3 x , 4 4 z y x y x y
| |
= + = +
|
\ .

( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
3 4 1 z x y x y x y = + = + = 3 z =
2 2
2 2
3( )
2 2
0
1
0
x y
x y
y x
x zdV x zdzdxdy
+
}}} }} }
O
+ s
s s
=

2 2
2 2
4 ( )
2
0
1 4
0
x y
x y
y x
x zdzdxdy
+
}} }
s + s
s s
+
( )
2 2
2 2
3
2
2
1
0
x y
x y
y x
x dxdy
+
}}
+ s
s s
=
( )
2 2
2 2
4
2
2
1 4
0
x y
x y
y x
x dxdy

}}
s + s
s s
+

2 2 2
cos , sin , x r y r x y r = u = u + =
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
4 4
2 2
2 3 4 1 2
0 0 0 1
2 2
cos cos
r r
x zdV r rdrd r rdrd
t t

}}} } } } }
O
= u u + u u
( )
6
4
1 2 3
0
0
2 6
cos
r
d
t
}
= u u
( )
6
4
4 2 2 1
1
0
2 6
cos
r
r d
t
}
+ u u
( )( )
4
27 sin 2 1
0
4 6 2 4
t
u u
= + +
8.(12%)Let
2 2
( , ) 2 for , R f x y x y x y = + e . Find the absolute extrema of f subject
to the constraint
2 2
2 2 1 x xy y + = .
AnsLagranges multiplier ,
( )
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 1 L x y x xy y = + + +

( )
( )
( )
( )
4 4 2 1
2 2 2 2
x
y
L x x y
L y x y
= +
= + +

( ) ( )
( )
2 2 2 2
1 2 2 4 2 2 2 4 0 2 y x xy y x xy y x = + = =

2 2
2 2 1 x xy y + =
1
2
1 1
6 3
2 , 1
2 ,
y x x y
y x x y

= = =

= = =

( ) ( )
1 1 1 2
max min
3
2 6 3
, 1 2 , , f f f f = = = =
9.(12%)For every integer
ln( 8)
8
0 , let
n
n
n
n a
+
+
> = . Find the interval of convergence of
the power series
1
(3 )
n
n
n
a x

=
.
Ans
( )
( )
( )
( )
ln 9 1
9
ln 8
8
3
3
lim 1
n n
n
n n
n
x
n
x
r
+ +
+
+
+

= <
3 1 2 4 x x < < <
( ) ln 8
ln
8
1 9
2
n
k
n k
n k
x

+

+
= =
= =
1
2
P 1 = <
( )
( ) ln 8
8
1
4 1
n
n
n
n
x

+

+
=
=
( ) ln 8
8
lim 0
n
n
n
+
+

=
2 4 , x x R < s e