D E S I G N Roof Type Roof-to-Shell Joint Type Fabrication Purpose Density of Contents Specific Gravity of Contents Specific Gravity

of Contents (For Appendix A Only) Material Material Group Minimum Yield Strength Minimum Tensile Strength Modulus of Elasticity Maximum Design Temperature Minimum Design Temperature Allowable Product Design Stress at Design Temperature Allowable Hydrostatic Test Stress at Design Temperature Internal Pressure External Pressure Smallest of the allowable tensile stresses (Roof, Shell, Ring) High Liquid Level Bottom Shell Roof Structure Anchor Bolts Nozzles, etc. Roof Slope Roof Angle Outside Dia. Inside Dia. Nominal Dia. ( Inside Dia. + Shell Thk. ) Total Height Cone Roof Dish Radius Dome Roof Dish Radius Developed Area Roof Height - Above Shell Fluid Hold Down Weight Yield Strength - Structural Parts Density DL ROOF Plates Stiffeners Purlins Plateform Insulation Others ∑

D A T A 1 2 1 Recycle AA Tank Dc G G'
3 1040 kg/m

R E F E R E N C E

Appendix J applicable.

1.04 1.04 7 Group IV CS Appendix S not applicable.

FYmin FTmin E Tmax Tmin Sd St Pi Pe f H1 CA CA CA CA CA CA 2 θ Do Di Dn H RCone RDome A' :

240 MPa 450 MPa 195000 MPa
o 150.0 C

Table 3-2

Appendix M applicable.

N/A C 160 MPa 180 MPa
2 5.00 kN/m ( kPa )

o

API 650, Sec. 3, Cl. 3.6.2.1 ~ Table 3-2 API 650, Sec. 3, Cl. 3.6.2.2 ~ Table 3-2 Appendix F applicable. Appendix V applicable.

0.60 kN/m ( kPa ) 400 kN/m ( kPa ) 6.3 m 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 10 14.0 Deg. 4.512 m 4.500 m 4.506 m 6.30 m 2.32 m 3.60 m
2 16.43 m 2

2

OK [ 9.46 deg. <= Theta <= 37 deg. ]

Check for Diameter in case of Appendix J

1 1 0.56 T J-1 ≤ 0.375

0.56 m 1022.252 kN FYstructure Den. Corroded 6.33 0.00 0.00 250 MPa
3 7850 kg/m

Uncorroded 10.13 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 15.00 kN Cone Frustum Dome pDL/2 p(D+d)L/2 pdh Based on 8 mm Roof Plate Thk.

6.33 0.39

25.13 kN 1.53 kN/m ( kPa )
2

SHELL

Top Angle Course(s) Wind Girders Ladder Insulation Others ∑

0.49 20.60 0.00

1.01 kN 41.21 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN 0.00 kN

21.10 1.28

42.22 kN
2 2.57 kN/m ( kPa )

ALL

27.43 1.67 Superimposed Snow Load External Pressuer Basic Wind Speed Lr S Pe V COMB1 ROOF COMB2 COMB3 COMB4 Pr Ps W W1 W2 W3 DL + Lr + 0.4 x Pe DL + 0.4 x Lr + Pe DL + S + 0.4 x Pe DL + 0.4 x S + Pe Max(COMB1:COMB4) App. R App. R App. R App. R App.V App. V App. V Table 3-21a Table 3-21a Table 3-21a

67.34 kN 4.10 kN/m ( kPa )
2 1.5 kN/m ( kPa ) 2

0 kN/m ( kPa )
2 0.60 kN/m ( kPa )

2

138 kph 3.27 kN/m ( kPa )
2 2.73 kN/m ( kPa ) 2 1.77 kN/m ( kPa ) 2 2.13 kN/m ( kPa ) 2

3.27 kN/m ( kPa ) 1.01 kN/m ( kPa ) 0.77 kN/m ( kPa ) 36.10 kN 42.43 kN 57.22 kN
2 2

2

1.01

1.11

[Condition not satisfied stiffeners not required.]

M A T E R I A L PART ROOF SHELL BOTTOM STIFF. ANCHOR FYmin 240 240 240 250 250 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 FYmin' 240 240 240 250 250 FTmin 450 450 450 400 400

P R O P E R T I E S Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Ftmin' 450 450 450 400 400 E 195000 195000 195000 195000 205000 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 E' 195000 195000 195000 195000 205000

J O I N T

E F F I C I E N C Y Normal 1.00 1.00 0.70 0.85 0.70 Factor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Modified 1.00 1.00 0.70 0.85 0.70 Desc. Btm Plate Comp. Ring Roof Plate Shell Plate Stiff. Splice

Notation JEb JEc 2 2 3 JEr JEs JEst

A P P L I C A B L E A E F J M R S V

A P P E N D I C E S

1 Optional Design Basis for Small Tanks 1 Seismic Design of Storage Tanks 1 Design of Tanks for Small Internal Pressures 2 Shop-Assembled Storage Tanks 1 Requirements for Tanks Operating at Elevated Temperatures 1 Load Combinations 2 Austenitic Stainless Steel Storage Tanks 1 Design of Storage Tanks for External Pressure

S H E L L Course # Width m 3.6.1.2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300 ts1 (mm) = 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.81 4.86 2.91 2.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Press. Head m HL1' m td mm 3.6.3.2 3.93 3.65 3.37 3.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tt mm 3.6.3.2 0.80 0.56 0.32 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Max( td,t t ) mm 3.6.3.2 3.93 3.65 3.37 3.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm 3.6.1.1 5 5 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

D E S I G N tsmin mm A.4.1 4.47 4.03 3.59 3.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm J.3.3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 tsmin mm V.8.1.3 2.89 2.89 2.89 2.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 49.83 34.90 19.98 16.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.96 16.78 9.60 7.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *tused mm Sdmax MPa Stmax MPa W tr m 3.9.7.2 & V.8.1.4 1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300 6

S H E L L

W E I G H T

S U M M A R Y

Course #

Width 3.6.1.2 m

Shell Wt. (Uncorroded) kN kg

Thk. - CA mm

Shell Wt. (Corroded) kN kg

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1.950 1.950 0.450 1.950 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.300

12.75 12.75 2.94 12.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 41.21

1300.16 1300.16 300.04 1300.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4200.51

3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

6.38 6.38 1.47 6.38 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.60

650.08 650.08 150.02 650.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2100.26

A N N U L A R

B O T T O M

P L A T E

D E S I G N

Use Annular Plate?

1

Lap welded bottom plates may be used in lieu of butt-welded annular bottom plates. (Group IV, IVA, V, or VI Only) W min mm 3.5.2 600 W Calc. mm 3.5.2 840 840 Use mm tabp-min mm [3.5.3] T3-1 6 tabp-min mm J.3.2.1 3.0 CA mm tabp-req'd mm 3.4.2 9.0 10 50 50 Use mm Lap mm Projection mm

B O T T O M

P L A T E

D E S I G N

tbmin mm 3.4.1 6

tbmin mm J.3.2.1 6

CA mm

tb-req'd mm 3.4.1

Use mm

Projection mm 3.4.2

3.0

9.0

10

50

R O O F

P L A T E

D E S I G N

tmax Cone Dome 12.5 -

tmin 4.73 -

tApp v 4.83 -

tselec'd + CA 7.83 -

tfurn'd 8 0

W E I G H T Bottom Plt. Wt. kN 8.16 5.71 kgs 831.34 581.94 Annular Plt. Wt. kN 4.65 3.26 kgs 474.28 331.99 Shell Plt. Wt. kN 41.21 20.60 kgs 4200.51 2100.26

S U M M A R Y Inter. Wind Girder(s) kN kgs Roof Weight kN 10.5 6.5 kg 1066.5 666.6 Total Weight kN 65.49 36.60 kg 6675.6 3064.7

Top Wind Girder kN 1.01 0.50 kgs 102.95 50.47

T O P

W I N D

G I R D E R

D E S I G N

Hz. Leg

Vt. Leg

Thk

a-t

b-t

NA Dist.

NA Dist.

Area

MOI

Section Modulus mm 3 9919 4755

Weight

Surafce Area m 2/m 0.33 0.31

ANGLE Uncorroded Corroded 49 3

mm 80 77

mm 80 77

mm 6 3

mm 74 74.0

mm 74 74

mm 57.78 56.63

mm 22.22 20.37

mm 2 924 453

mm 4 573091 269278

Kg/m 7.26 3.56

Zmin cm3 3.97

Zfurn'd cm3 4.75

R O O F - T O - S H E L L tb mm d th - CA mm 5 tc/ts mm 3.0 Rc mm 2250 R2 m 9300.52 W h/Comp. mm 64.69

J O I N T Wc mm 49.30

D E S I G N Areq'd min mm 2 288.66 Areq'd F- 2 mm 2 340.55

[ C H A P T E R 3 Aroof mm 2 323.47 Aattach't mm 2 453.00

] Ashell mm 2 0.00 Afurn'd mm 2 776.47 OK

Detail

Status

1.T O .00 453. 4.0 3.02 209.07 Ratio 3.00 453.modified m 24.57 163.11 V.7.26 H1 .57 163.4 D 0.88 1479.506 V kph 138 H1 m 29.86 1270.17 Htr m 6.00 Ashell mm 2 209.67 69.67 69.75 Afurn'd mm 2 1479.49 .00 453. 0.57 163.18 83. 5 Nos.67 69.0 3. 1.86 J O I N T D E S I G N Detail tb mm th mm 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 tc/ts mm 3.47 1.86 817.86 817.57 163.00 453.1.91 Ns Nos.88 1270. As Htr < H1 --.1.00 D m 4. -1 Ls m #DIV/0! N 2 N < 100 OK 2 N Nos.0 3.18 83.57 163.S H E L L & B O T T O M .5 ) Design external pressure for an unstiffened tank shell satisfied.67 69.00 0.00 0.88 2146.85 0.00 1120.77 3114.75 [ ( HTS / D ) ( FYmin / E )0.02 0.83 Max.8.02 209.86 1270.0 3.2 Corroded Thk.24 0. Verification of Unstiffened Shell ( As per Appendix V ) ( D / tsmin )0.0 3.95 0.6 )/(E) 0.05 ( HTS Ps ) 0.86 817.3 Actual Thk.18 83.86 817. 2 Nmax Nos.S H E L L [ A P P E N D I X V ] Aroof mm 2 817.75 1600.Intermediate Wind Girder is not required.61 Status a b c d e f g h i k 10 10 10 OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK I N T E R M E D I A T E W I N D G I R D E R D E S I G N Ref Kz - Kzt 1 1 Kd 0.86 817.00675 V.00675 Elastic Buckling Criteria Satisfied.86 817.09 Use Ns Nos. Ps kPa 1.88 1479.47 Vacuum kPa 0.1 Corroded Thk. Height of Unstiffened Shell & transformed shell height ts1 mm 3.02 209.57 163.0396 ≥ 0.02 209.8.T O .04 0.67 69.2 mm 2 83.95 V mph 117 117 I 1 1 G 0.00 191.85 q psf 29 29 kPa 1. tsmin ≥ ( 73.R O O F .0 10 Xcone/dome mm 163.00 453. Minimum shell thickness required for a specified external pressure satisfied.9.18 83.18 83.18 Astiff mm 2 453.4 6 ≥ 2. 0.67 69.67 69.04 1.57 163.86 1914.00 696.18 83.57 163. -0.67 Areq'd V.88 905.57 Xshell mm 69.7.86 817.71 2.89 V.0 3. 18.0 3.86 817.57 163.2.00 906.01 HTS m 6.1 a Client Info 1.30 Nmin Nos. Ps ≤ E / ( 45609 ( HTS / D ) ( D / tsmin )0.30 Hsafe m 6.18 83. 10 Use N Nos.92 Ns + 1 Nos.18 83.8.18 83.01 ≤ 1.02 696.67 69.30 Zreq'd cm 3 Zfurn'd cm 3 N/A N/A Note: Minimum size of angle for use alone or as a component in a built stiffening ring shall be 64 x 64 x and the minimum nominal thickness of plate shall be 6 mm.60 Total kPa 1.5 ] ≥ 0.0 3.67 69.

15 2.24 3 0.25 XDL m 2.40 kN .60 0.Anchorage is required.54 98. Area m2 28.64 0.45 0.17 Sum kN .31 5.19 0.54 98.14 .43 18.m 42.5 kN .00 O V E R T U R N I N G S T A B I L I T Y WIND MOMENT BWS kph Pressure kPa 0. 1 ] Do E S Pe ρ tbtm (min) tfurn'd tfurn'd .12 2.6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6 6 6 6 6 6 0 0 0 0 tshell mm TOP BOTT 6 6 S T R E N G T H O F S T I F F E N E R A T T A C H M E N T W E L D vs Vs1 Vs2 Ww wmin V A C U U M C O N D I T I O N [ ASME Sec VIII.52 FDL kN 27.09 -0.Intermediate Stiffener Ring Design t 6 10 STIFF tshell mm Q N/m #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Vl N/m 1586.61 295.76 Proj.6Mw + MPi kN .54 98.m 204.CA Pbtm kPa [Psi] 0.m 42.6 29.67 Unanchored tanks conditions not satisfied .70 144 20885 0.73 138 FPi kN 79.19 8 0.56 2 x wshell mm 98.6 29.43 Zfurn'd cm3 29.CA tCalc tfurn'd 4512 177.43 Zreq'd cm 3 3.6 Zfurn'd cm 3 29.80 MDL / 1.24 -1288. 8 W kN -4.24 -0.61 295.6 29.47 4.15 MF kN .54 98. mm 2 295.724 N Nos.61 295.11 -0.54 98.61 Ashell cont.16 Mw kN .6 29.61 295.77 Mw + 0.38 tB kN 5.61 Areq'd mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Areq'd mm 2 8.16 Ifurn'd cm 4 11 11 11 11 11 11 Ifurn'd cm 4 11 11 Ashell cont.61 295.43 18.43 18.96 Arm m 3.4MPi ( MDL + MF ) / 2 kN .54 Ireq'd cm 4 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Ireq'd cm 4 1.61 295.94 8.43 18.m 40.27 Force kN 12.73 MDL kN .54 2 x wshell mm 98.m 42.m 114.3842 0.20 6 0.25 MPi kN .6 29. D E S I G N T E N S I O N L O A D P E R A N C H O R Mw kN .57 2.m 61.16 1.25 Moment kN .97 18.0 0.56 1586.73 d m 4.73 Astiff min mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Astiff min mm 2 4.28 4.07 1.06 PResultant kPa [Psi] -0.6 29.43 18.m 40.11 0.m 512.09 7850 0.03 tsn tsn .73 0.m 179.14 FF kN 227.39 1.54 98. Div.m 286.88 0.25 XF m 2.34 XPi m 2.94 Afurn'd mm 2 755 755 755 755 755 755 Afurn'd mm 2 755 755 Astiff req'd mm 2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Astiff req'd mm 2 -741. mm 2 295.89 0.47 Astiff furn'd mm 2 459 459 459 459 459 459 Astiff furn'd mm 2 459 459 Zreq'd cm3 18.

10 16084. of water ] SI US 4.760 Proj.8 th ) 4.00 126. kN 14. Bolt Circle Dia.W 1 [ ( Pt .12 0 0.83 42426.01 0.Anchor Psi 15000 20000 36000 28800 28800 20000 28800 Fall . 0.426 1. 0.8 th ) 4.87 in.11 0.97 in.506 14.FRIC.8 th ) 4.56 28.req'd mm 2 40.68 64.94 in.WIND kN 13.W 1 [ ( P .87 in.5 x Actual bolt Load Do BCD BWS 2 Pd Pall.08 0.Shell Psi 20000 25000 34809 25000 25000 25000 25000 tb = U / N lbs 944.08 D2 ] + [ ( 4 Ms ) / D ] . Tank Outside Dia.20 in.00 -1009.14 9537.19 DESIGN PRESSURE TEST PRESSURE FAILURE PRESSURE WIND LOAD SEISMIC LOAD DESIGN PRESSURE + WIND DESIGN PRESSURE + SEISMIC [ ( P .W 2 [ ( 4 Ms ) / D ] .07 A N C H O R C H A I R D E S I G N Anchor Chair Design NOT Adequate.60 1504.83 5.06 0.08 D2 ] .8 mm 200 mm 50 mm 100 mm 310 mm 16 mm 8 mm 6 mm kips kips kips 16.39 2010.08 D ] -W 3 [ ( 4 Mw ) / D ] . anchorage is not required against sliding.896 0.08 kips 11.630 in.31 42735 31519. 1.08 D ] + [ ( 4 Mw ) / D ] . kPa [in.00 0.W 1 2 2 2 7556. 2.78 8 0.56 0. 7.81 12036. 0.81 15067.18 253.236 in.FRIC.39 in2 Abolt . ] Mw N-m [ ft-lbs ] Ms N-m [ ft-lbs ] W1 N [ lbs ] W2 N [ lbs ] W3 N [ lbs ] Bolts Nos. 3.08 D ] .63 48.00 in.S L I D I N G R E S I S T A N C E BWS kph 138 Pressure kPa 0.th ) 4.40 57215.WIND --. > F .Tank is stable.W 2 [ ( P .86 F .W 2 [ ( 1.86 42. ( BCD ) Basic Wind Speed Earthquake (Y = Yes. 0.47 0.00 36097.40 5.10 0.63 in.8 th ) 4.81 in. Area m 2 F . P Top-Plate Width ( along shell ) Top-Plate Length ( radial direction ) Top-Plate Thickness Anchor-bolt Diameter Anchor-bolt Eccentricity Distance from Outside of Top-Plate to edge of hole Distance between Vertical Plates Chair Height Vertical-Plate Thickness Bottom or Base Plate Thickness Shell or Column Thickness a b cused d eused fused gused hused jused m t kN kN kN kN 300 mm 200 mm 16 mm 50. of water ] C A S E S Pf kPa [in.454 0.WIND kN 12.86 37635 27758. Pact.62 12862.963 ∑ F .31 in. 12. OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK 4512 mm 4912 mm 138 kph 85. 7.53 0.98 8114.00 20. of water ] Units th mm [ in.07 8 UPLIFT LOAD CASES FORMULAE U lbs Fall .09 6.267 F . U P L I F T D m [ ft ] L O A D S P Pt kPa [in.25 25.40 -2027.00 2.75 mph . N = No) Design Load Maximum Allowable Anchor-Bolt Load 1.5 Pf .60 1883.00 0.

For weld size of 0. of weld length 0. 1.6 Weld Size Vertical Load Horizontal Load Total Load on Weld k L m P r R Sinduced Sallowable t θ Z jK wmin WV WH W 6 mm 0. deg. 4.630 in. of weld length 0.E .6 in.1 12. 2. of weld size.4 mm 16 mm 12.74 KN/m 2 m2 KN m KN/m DEAD LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION Self Weight of Roof Self Weight of Bottom Plate Self Weight of Shell Self Weight of shell & Attachmnets Total Dead Load acting on shell Dead Load Transferred to Foundation Wr Wb Ws Wa WD wD 25. 0.444 kips / lin in.27 kips. 35.847 3.684 kips / lin in.17 mm 16.520 kips / lin in.96 ksi 25.100 OK NOT OK Anchor-bolt Diameter Anchor-bolt Eccentricity d eused emin Distance from Outside of Top-Plate to edge of hole fused fmin Distance between Vertical Plates gused gmin Chair Height hused hmax hmin Vertical-Plate Thickness jused jmin Vertical-Plate Width ( average width for tapered plates ) Column Length Bottom or Base Plate Thickness Load Least Radius of Gyration Nominal Shell Radius Stress at Point Stress at Point Shell or Column Thickness Cone Angle ( measured from axis of cone ) Reduction for Factor Check to limit slenderness upto 86. 6.236 in.87 in.8 41. 1.13 in.Shell Weld Top Plate 1 1 8.43 in. Gusset Plate .08 kips in.97 in.2 1.3 4.4 24.92 in. 7. 7.81 in.00 in. in. 0. 0.00 in.62 kips per lin in. 16. 2. 0. the allowable load per lin in.5 16. 177.A N C H O R C H A I R D E S I G N ( A I S I .344 in.6 ksi on a fillet weld.75 KN KN KN KN KN KN/m . 3.8 mm 200 mm 60 mm 50 mm 29 mm 100 76 mm 310 mm 900 mm 152.63 in. 3.347 kips 5.00 ksi 0. 0. P A R T V I I ) Top-Plate Width ( along shell ) Top-Plate Length ( radial direction ) Top-Plate Thickness a b cmin cused 300 mm 200 mm 9.70 mm 125 mm mm 8 mm kN mm 2256 mm kPa kPa 6 mm deg.236 in. - 11.00 in.50 in. 0.00 mm 50. V O L U M E C A L C U L A T I O N S II.20 in.7 14.94 in.24 in.1 . 0.87 in.361 in.31 in. of weld length For an allowable stress of 13.385 kips NOT OK NOT OK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S LIVE LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION Live Load on roof Area of Roof Total Live Load Circumference of Tank Live Load transferred to Foundation Lr Ar WL C wL 1. the allowable load therefore is 2. 12. is 9.2 1. 42.0 67.

G.7 KN KN KN KN/m 2 KN/m 2 WIND LOAD TRANSFERRED TO FOUNDATION Base Shear due to wind load Reaction due to wind load Moment due to wind load Fw Rw Mw 13.191 m .73 KN/m KN/m KN/m 2 KN/m KN KN/m KN-m 2 Consider 15-20 % variation in weight while designing the foundation.610 m 0.0 42. operating condition Uniform load.O.66 13.1 66.544 m FULL OF WATER CONDITION Weight of Water Weight of Shell + Weight of Water Weight of Tank (Full of Water) C.0040 m 3.388 m FULL OF WATER CONDITION Design Liquid Level a4 = (Liquid Level / 2) + h1 Weight of Liquid Weight of Liquid + Contributing Weight of Shell Weight of Shell Without Liquid Height of Remaining Shell Center From Base Operating Weight C.G.OPERATING & HYDROSTATIC TEST LOADS Self Weight of Tank Weight of Fluid in Tank at Operating Conditions Weight of Water in Tank at Hydrotest Conditions Uniform Load Operating Condition Uniform Load Hydrotest Condition W Wf Ww Wo Wh 80.11 m 113837 Kg 3.O.74 69. shell.16 m 104762 kg 109954 kg 329. in Full of Water Condition W6 WF C.57 3. roof & ext. 0.3 982. C E N T R E O F G R A V I T Y EMPTY CONDITION Base Plate Thickness Height of Shell Height of Roof a1 = h1 / 2 a2 = h2 / 2 +h1 a3 = h3 / 3 + h1 + h2 Weight of Bottom Plate Weight of Shell Weight of Roof Total Empty Weight of Tank C.36 m 6.30 m 3. hydrotest load Base shear due to wind Reaction due to wind Moment due to wind load DL LL Wo Wh Fw Rw Mw 4.67 kg 7.O.1 1022.9 69.O.O.G in Operating Condition WO C.91 m 1583 kg 5522 kg 1970 kg 9075 kg 3.7 KN KN/m KN-m SUMMARY OF FOUNDATION LOADING DATA Dead load.01 42.13 66.G. 100197 kg 105719 kg 109272 kg 3.6 3.G.75 1.O.008 m 6.70 m 0.G. in Empty Condition h1 h2 h3 a1 a2 a3 w1 w2 w3 WE C. structure loads Live Load Uniform load. a5 a4 WL w4 6.

4Ss Ss = 2.4 0.63421 .5SP S1 = 1.09 Ai 0.21 T seconds 1.6 P A R A M E T E R ImpulsIve So %g 0.4 Tc seconds 2.28 1.6Fv/T 0.50 TL seconds 4 Rwc 2 Q 0.112 SD1 %g 0 SP %g 0 K 1.112 0 0 2.40 1.21 Ts seconds 7.51 P E R I O D PerIod p kg / m 3 1040 & O F V I B R A T I O N S (SloshIng) Ti seconds 1.09 0.4 H m 6.112 0 0 Fa Fv Q 1 1.25 Fa 1.40 0.30 Parameter Rwi 4 0.72 1.5Fa S1 = 0.80 Ks 0.89 ConvectIve E Mpa 195000 S P E C T R A L A C C E L E R A T I O N Spectral I 1.4 S T R U C T U R A L ImpulsIve Ci 6.30 tu mm 6 Natural D m 4.5 I 1.58 PerIod Tc seconds 2.112 SP %g 0 SDS %g 0.5 Q Fa So ( Ts / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac Ac N/A 0.67 TC < TL Ac = KSD1 ( I / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.25 Acc.09338 Q Ai ConvectIve Spectral Acc.6 2.28 So %g 0.67 0. Fa 1. Parameter S1 %g 1.6 Fv 2.25 1 2 1 So = 0.40 Ss %g 0.25SP Ss = 1.760 SP Ss S1 So SP SDS 0 0.S E I S M I C D E S I G N [A P P E N D I X E] Aspact Ratio Inverse Aspact Ratio Seismic Use Group Importance Factor Site Class Anchorage Condition Vertical Acceleration MCE Ground Motion Definitions D/H H/D SUG I SC 2 0.

2384 Ac 0.30 W E I G H T Weight D/H & WP N 1639640 O F P R O D U C T Convective Wc N 269710 Weight EffectIve Wi N 1383984 0.0934 Satisfied SEISMIC DESIGN FACTORS DESIGN FORCES Equivalent lateral seismic design force F = A .0 S N 0 Av %g 0.15 Wr N 18950 M O M E N T Moment Xr m 0.61 J Mrw N-m 402509 Ws N 55322 Wrs N/m 1339 27250 ≤ 37 Tank is self Anchored.023 0. Weff lateral acceleration coefficient Effective Weight contributing to seismic response A ( %g ) Weff D E S I G N ImpulsIve Ws N 89100 Wr N 18950 Wf N 15530 Natural Wi N 1383984 PerIod Wc N 269710 & L O A D S ConvectIve (SloshIng) Ac %g 0.09338 Wi N 1383984.0860 PerIod Vi N 140776 Vc N 23184 V N 142673 WP N 1639640 Ai %g 0.14864 Ac 0.00 Xs m 3.21 Xi m 2.0860 Wc N 269710 Xcs m 6.72 V E R T I C A L S E I S M I C E F F E C T S SDS Av %g Wi N 1383984 Wc N 269710 Weff N 1410020 Fv N 58987 0.08596 < Ai 0.04183424 O V E R T U R N I N G RIngwall Ai 0.748 Xc m 5. .0934 E F F E C T I V E Effective D m 4.00 A N C H O R A G E ResIstance ta mm 7.85 Ws N 89100.73 Ws N 89100 Xs m 3.21 Xis m 5.15 Slab Ai 0.0934 Wi N 1383984.TC > TL Ac = KSD1 ( TL / Tc2 ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.299 0.08596 Wc N 269709.51 ImpulsIve H m 6.2384 Ac 0.5 Q Fa So ( ( Ts TL / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) 2 Ac Ac N/A 1.85 Mrw N-m 402509 Moment Wr N Xr m 0.04183424 to the desIgn overturnIng Wss N/m 3908 moment Wr N 18953 at the base Wt N/m 5247 of shell Wa N/m 27250 Ge 1.12 Ms N-m 795890 18950.

σ c σc = ( wt ( 1 + 0.] [Not Satisfied. G H D2 / t2 14.04 6.04183424 %g 402509 N-m 4.273 Mrw / D ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) Max.785 J > 0. J > 0.273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) wt Av Mrw D ts σc 5247 N/m 0.wa ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) 2 wt Av Mrw D ts wa J σc 5247 N/m 0.190 MPa Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell G H D ts 1.78 MPa Shell Compression in Mechanically-Anchored Tanks Max.785.] Tank Self Anchored? a ) The resisting force is adequate for tank stability ( i.30 m 4. Shell Comp.00 mm Thickness of the shell ring under consideration. Btm Plt.00 mm a b [Not Satisfied. Shell Comp.18667 J2.5 D ) + 7.A N N U L A R ResIstance to the P L A T E R E Q U I R E M E N T S moment at the base of shell desIgn overturnIng Thickness of the tank floor plate provided under the shell may be greater than or equal to the thickness of the general tank floor plate ( i. ta > tb ) with the following restrictions: less Corrosion Allowance Actual Thk. ts . mm.6.7.17 MPa G H D2 / t2 ≥ 44 G H D2 / t2 < 44 G H < 0. Stress = 10.54 ) b ) The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force is 3.506 m 3. J > 1. the anchorage ratio.00 mm 7.e.17 MPa 28.4 Av ) + ( 1. J < 0. MPa.3 Shell Compression in Self-Anchored Tanks Max.78 Allowable longitudinal shell membrane compression stress.19 MPa Long.506 m 3. [Satisfied] L = 158 mm [Not Satisfied] [Not Satisfied] See API 650 Sec. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift. Stress = 10.0418 %g 402509 N-m 4.607 -0.4 Av ) + wa ) / ( 0.00 mm 10.61 10. c ) The shell compression satisfies E..26 MPa Fc = 8. E.5% of the tank diameter.785 Long.39 120 Fc = 83 ts / D Fc = 83 ts / ( ( 2.5 SQRT ( G H ) ) Satisfied . σc σc = ( ( ( wt (1 + 0.2 d ) The req'd annular plate thickness does not exceed the thickness of the btm shell course. σ c σc = ( wt ( 1 + 0.CA tb 3.2.506 m 3.785. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift. Fc 8.190 MPa J < 0.e. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift. J < 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.3 ) ) . e ) Piping flexibility requirements are satisfied.785.00 mm 27250 N/m 0.5 Fty Fc = 55.

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00 0.0.5 ( Y / ( 0.30 0.6194 0. 2 & 3 4.04 5.68 ( H .0934 1.000 0.00 6.866 ( D / H ) TANH 4 Y Y/H 0.13 N/mm 5.04 4.0. The dynamic hoop tensile stress shall be directly combined with the product hydrostatic design stress in determining the total stress.13 Use Ni = 5.75 D Ni = 2.Y ) / D ) / COSH (3.68 ( H / D ) COSH 4 COSH 5 Ac G Nc Use Nc = 0.866 D / H ) D H D/H 0.41 N/mm 5.89 0.6 Ai G D D 2 0.51 6.75 D Ni = 5.70 1 2&3 6.75 D ))2 ) D Y Y/D Ai G Ni D/H 4. Av = 0).51 0.48 Ai G D H ( ( Y / H ) .75 D ) ) .97 Y When D / H is less than 1.0934 1.13 N/mm Ai G Ni 1. When vertical acceleration not specified σT = σh ± σs = ( Nh ± SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 ) ) / t σh σs Nh Ni Nc t σT When vertical acceleration specified σT = σh ± σs = ( Nh ± ( SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t σh σs Nh Ni Nc Av t σT .5507 6.00 0.04 N/mm N/mm For Convective Nc = 1.70 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.68 ( H .500 0.DYNAMIC LIQUID HOOP FORCES When D / H is greater than or equal to 1.333 and Y is greater than or equal to 0.72 0.333 Ni = 8.85 Ac G D2 COSH ( 3.68 H / D ) D H Y 3.51 4. the combined hoop stress shall be defined by Equation E-22.e.5 ( Y / H ) Ai G Ni 4.72 Use '2 & 3' 6.13 0.30 1.Y ) / D 3.333 and Y is less than 0.04 6.0860 0.44 When D / H is less than 1.22 Ai G D2 ( ( Y / ( 0.00 #DIV/0! When purchaser specifies that vertical acceleration need not be considered (i.5 ( Y / H )2 ) TANH ( 0.0934 1.

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APPENDIX E - SEISMIC DESIGN OF STORAGE TANKS Specific Gravity Tank Dia. Tank Height Aspact Ratio Inverse Aspact Ratio Bottom Plt. Thk. First Shell Course Thk. Minimum specified yield strength of shell course Height from bottom of the shell to CG G D H D/H H/D tbtm tsn FYmin Xs 1.04 4.506 m 6.30 m 0.72 1.40 7.00 mm 3.00 mm 240.00 MPa 3.15 m 0.167 m II 1.25 D

Height from top of shell to the roof and roof appurtenances Xr CG Seismic Use Group Importance Factor Site Class Anchorage Condition Vertical Acceleration MCE Ground Motion Definitions SP Ss S1 So Fa Fv SP SDS 1.6 2.4 So = 0.4Ss Ss = 2.5SP S1 = 1.25SP Ss = 1.5Fa S1 = 0.6Fv/T SUG I SC

Mechanically Anchored Consider

0 0.28 1.4 0.112

0.112 0 0 2.4 0.760

Structural Period of Vibration

Impulsive Natural Period

Ci =

6.4 -

H= tu = D= p= E= Ti = Convective (Sloshing) Period

6.30 m 6 mm 4.51 m
3 1040 kg/m

195000 Mpa 1.80 seconds

Tc = 1.8 Ks sqrt ( D ) Ks = 0.578 / ( sqrt ( ( 3.68 H ) / D ) )

Tc = Ks =

2.21 seconds 0.58

Design Spectral Response Acceleration

T

1.89

Impulsive spectral acceleration parameter, Ai Probabilistic or Mapped Design Method (Approach 1)

So = N/A SP = SDS = 2.5 Q Fa So ( E-4 ) N/A SDS = I= Fa = Rwi = Q=

0.112 %g 0 %g 0.45 %g 1.25 1.6 41.00 -

Ai = SDS ( I / Rwi ) Ai = 2.5 Q Fa So ( I / Rwi )

0.14 0.14

For Site Class A, B, C and D Ai ≥ 0.007

Satisfied

For Site Class E and F

Ai ≥ 0.5 S1 ( I / Rwi )

N/A

N/A

For Site Class E and F

Ai ≥ 0.875 SP ( I / Rwi )

N/A

N/A

Ai

0.14000

Concevtice spectral acceleration parameter, Ac Probabilistic or Mapped Design Method (Approach 1)

S1 = Ss = So = SP So = SD1 = SP = K= I= Fa = Fv = Tc = Ts = TL = Rwc = Q= TC < TL

0.14 %g 0.28 %g 0.112 %g 0 %g 0 %g 1.5 1.25 1.6 2.4 2.21 seconds 0.75 seconds 4 seconds 21.00 -

Ac = KSD1 ( I / Tc ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( Ts / Tc ) ( I / Rwc )

Ac Ac

N/A 0.09508

TC > TL

Ac = KSD1 ( TL / Tc2 ) ( I / Rwc ) Ac = 2.5 Q Fa So ( ( Ts TL / Tc ) ( I / Rwc )
2

Ac Ac

N/A 0.17221

Ac

0.08596

< Ai

SEISMIC DESIGN FACTORS

DESIGN FORCES

Equivalent lateral seismic design force

F = A . Weff

lateral acceleration coefficient Effective Weight contributing to seismic response

A ( %g ) Weff

DESIGN LOADS

Ws Wr Wf Wi Wc WP

89100 N 18950 N 15530 N 1383984 N 269710 N 1639640 N

Ai Ac

0.1400 %g 0.0860 %g

Vi = Ai ( Ws + Wr + Wf + Wi ) Vc = Ac Wc V = SQRT ( Vi2 + Vc2 )

Vi Vc V

211059 N 23184 N 212329 N

EFFECTIVE WEIGHT OF PRODUCT

EFFECTIVE IMPULSIVE WT.

D

4.51 m

30 m 0.51 m 6. D H D/H WP 4.866 D / H ) / (0.866 D / H ) ) Wp Wi 1457810 N When D / H less than 1.333 ( 1 .72 1.23 ( D / H ) tanh ( ( 3.40 - .30 m 0.H D/H WP 6.72 1639640 N For Convective 0.67 H ) / D ) WP Wc 269710 N Use Wc = CENTER OF ACTION FOR EFFECTIVE LATERAL FORCES CENTRE OF ACTION OF RINGWALL OVERTURNING MOMENT D H D/H H/D 4.333 ( tanh ( 0.0.72 1639640 N When D / H greater than or equal to 1.51 m 6.218 ( D / H ) ) WP Wi 1383984 N Use Wi = EFFECTIVE CONVECTIVE WT.30 m 0.

When D / H greater than or equal to 1.1 4.72 0.375 H Xi 1.0 ) ) H D H D/H 0.30 m 0.67 H /D ) ) H H/D 3.85 Use Xc = CENTRE OF ACTION OF SLAB OVERTURNING MOMENT D H D/H 4.72 - When D / H greater than or equal to 1.51 6.1 ) COSH 4 SINH 3 Xc 6.6 ( D / H ) Xis .333 Xis = ( 0.0 .0 + 1.866 ( D / H ) TANH 4 Xis 4.5 + 0.1 84.0.76 When D / H less than 1.866 D / H ) ) -1.67 ( H / D ) .6 5.69 m Not Applicable in this case.333 ( ( ( 0.73 m Applicable in this case.1 31.( COSH ( (3.866 D / H ) / TANH ( 0.55 2. Use Xi = For Convective Xc = ( 1.4 5.6 ( D / H ) ) H D H D/H 0.67 H / D ) SINH ( 3. When D / H less than 1.333 Xis = 0.094 ( D / H ) ) H Xi 2.333 Xi = ( 0.333 Xi = 0.67 H / D ) -1 ) / ( ( 3.51 m 6.3 1.30 0.62 0.375 ( 1.5 .67 ( H / D ) ( 3.

30 0.30 1.72 0.333 and Y is less than 0.937 COSH 5 SINH 3 4.48 Ai G D H ( ( Y / H ) .51 6.60 Use Xcs = VERTICAL SEISMIC EFFECTS SDS = Av = Fv = ± Av Weff Wi = Wc = Weff = Fv = 0.937 ) / ( 3.51 4.75 D ))2 ) D Y Y/D Ai G Ni 4.67 ( H / D ) SINH ( 3.75 D ) ) .72 0.4.43 5.46 .( COSH ( ( 3.51 6.6194 0.67 H / D ) -1.40 5.13 3.1400 1.0 .866 ( D / H ) TANH 4 Y Y/H 4.67 ( H / D ) ) ) ) H D H H/D 3.30 0.85 Use Xis = For Convective Xcs = ( 1.0.67 ( H / D ) 3.22 84.0.00 0.22 Ai G D2 ( ( Y / ( 0.30 1.67 ( H / D ) .5507 6.000 When D / H is less than 1.1.06272 %g 1383984 N 269710 N 1410020 N 88436 N DYNAMIC LIQUID HOOP FORCES When D / H is greater than or equal to 1.19 12.5 ( Y / H )2 ) TANH ( 0.75 D Ni = 5.04 7.333 Ni = 8.89 0.51 6.448 0.5 ( Y / ( 0.866 D / H ) D H D/H 0.

85 Ac G D2 COSH ( 3. The dynamic hoop tensile stress shall be directly combined with the product hydrostatic design stress in determining the total stress.75 D Ni = 2.68 ( H .68 ( H / D ) COSH 4 COSH 5 4.15 1.51 0.68 H / D ) D H Y 3.51 6.When D / H is less than 1. When vertical acceleration not specified σT = σh ± σs = ( Nh ± SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 ) ) / t σh σs Nh Ni Nc When vertical acceleration specified σT = σh ± σs = ( Nh ± ( SQRT ( Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t σh σs Nh Ni Nc OVERTURNING MOMENT Mrw = SQRT ( ( Ai ( Wi Xi + Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xc ) )2 .04 7.70 -0.801 When purchaser specifies that vertical acceleration need not be considered (i.0538 85. the combined hoop stress shall be defined by Equation E-22.68 ( H .e. Av = 0).30 6.Y ) / D 3.1400 1.6 Ai G D2 D Ai G Ni 4.69 For Convective Nc = 1.Y ) / D ) / COSH (3.33 5.333 and Y is greater than or equal to 0.

08596 269709.1 Mrw 604837 N-m SLAB MOMENT Ms = SQRT ( ( Ai ( Wi Xis + Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xcs ) ) Ai Wi Xis Ws Xs Wr Xr Ac Wc Xcs 0.83 89100 3.167 0.48 Ms 1338620 N-m Anchorage [Resistance to the design overturning (ringwall) moment at the base of the shell] .1400 1383984.00 3.RINGWALL MOMENT Ai Wi Xi Ws Xs Wr Xr Ac Wc Xc 0.00 0.15 18950 0.66 89100.7481 6.208 2.15 18950.0860 269710 6.208 6.167 0.14 1383984.

CA Actual Thk.e. J Mrw Ws J = Mrw / ( D ( W t ( 1 .4 Av ) )+ W a ) 2 7..00 mm .28 H D Ge 27134 ≤ 37 Wa Ge J 0.0. Btm Plt.014 - Wss Wr W t = ( ( W s / PI() D ) + W rs ) Wrs Wt Wa = 99 ta SQRT ( Fy H Ge ) ≤ 1. Thickness of the tank floor plate provided under the shell may be greater than or equal to the thickness of the general tank floor plate ( i. tb 3. Anchor chair with anchor boldts) ta S Av Anchorage Ratio.e.06272 %g 604837 N-m 55322 N 3908 N/m 18953 N 1339 N/m 5247 N/m 27134 N/m 1.92 Annular Plate Requirements Tank is self Anchored. ta > tb ) with the following restrictions: ts ..00 mm 7.00 mm 0N 0.Resistance is contributed by: For unanchored tanks Weight of the tank shell Weight of roof reaction on shell Weight of a portion of the tank contents adacent to the shell For anchored tanks Mechanical anchorage devices (i.

c ) The shell compression satisfies E. J > 0. Shell Compression in Self-Anchored Tanks Max.06272 %g 604837 N-m 4.00 mm 27134 N/m 0.54 ) b ) The maximum width of annulus for determining the resisting force is 3. e ) Piping flexibility requirements are satisfied.2 d ) The req'd annular plate thickness does not exceed the thickness of the btm shell course.18667 J2.785.6.] Tank Self Anchored? a ) The resisting force is adequate for tank stability ( i.4 Av ) + ( 1.a b [Not Satisfied.3 ) ) .273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) Max. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift.785. J < 0.] [Not Satisfied.2.4 Av ) + wa ) / ( 0.e.960 MPa Shell Compression in Mechanically-Anchored Tanks Max. J > 1. σ c σc = ( wt ( 1 + 0. σc σc = ( ( ( wt (1 + 0. longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell when there is no calculated uplift.607 -0.506 m 3. J < 0.92 14.5% of the tank diameter. the anchorage ratio.785 .wa ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) wt Av Mrw D ts wa J σc 5247 N/m 0.

17 MPa .00 mm 14.00 Corroded G H D2 / t2 14.30 4.433 MPa Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell G H D ts 1.04 6.06272 %g 604837 N-m 4.506 m 3.273 Mrw / D2 ) ) ( 1 / ( 1000 ts ) ) wt Av Mrw D ts σc 5247 N/m 0.506 3.78 Fc 8.σc = ( wt ( 1 + 0.4 Av ) + ( 1.

public exposure. life and health of public. direct service to major facilities Post earthquake recovery. seconds.5 A B C D E F T= Site Class Hard rock Rock Very dense soil Stiff soil Soil N/A Natural period of vibration of the tank and contents. If it is not specified. the tank shall be assigned to SUG I Importance Factor SUG I II III I 1 1.25 1. Site Class unless the authority having jurisdiction determines that Site Class E or F should apply at the site.Self Anchored Mechanically Anchored Consider Do not consider Where the site properties are not known in sufficient detail to determine the site class. Corroded Corroded Seismic Use Group I II III Not assigned to SUG II and III Hazardous substance. hazardous substance Note: Seismic Use Group (SUG) for the tank shall be specified by the purchaser. Ci = Coefficient for determining impulsive period of tank system .

2 seconds period ). kg/m3 Elastic Modulus of tank material. The design. seconds So = SP = SDS = I= Fa = Rwi = Q= Mapped. m Mass density of fluid. 5-percent-damped. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q . Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral acceleration. 5-percent-damped. seconds Tc = Natural period of vibration for convective (sloshing) mode of behavior. spectral response acceleration pa Design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods ( T = 0 Importance factor coefficient based on seismic use group. maximum considered earthquake.H= tu = D= p= E= Ti = Maximum design product level. MPa Natural period of vibration for impulsive mode of behavior. Acceleration-based site coefficient ( at 0. Force reduction factor for the impulsive mode using allowable stress design methods. m Equivalent uniform thickness of tank shell. mm Nominal tank diameter.

2 seconds period ). MCE. S1 ) / ( Fa . Table E .1400 Satisfied . spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one s Mapped. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q 0. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one s The design. 5-percent-damped. 5-percent-damped. 5-percent-damped. Importance factor coefficient based on seismic use group. Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral acceleration. seconds. spectral response acceleration parameter at one second based o Coefficient to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.0 seconds period ). For ASCE 7 Map Force reduction coefficient for the convective mode using allowable stress design methods. Natural period of the covective (sloshing) mode of behavior of the liquid. 5-percent-damped. MCE. Acceleration-based site coefficient ( at 0.5% damping = 1. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods ( T Mapped. ( Fv .1 Velocity-based site coefficient ( at 1. Ss ) Regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. MCE.5 UOS.S1 = Ss = So = SD1 = SP = K= I= Fa = Fv = Tc = Ts = TL = Rwc = Q= Mapped. seconds.

Total weight of the tank contents based on the design specific gravity of the product. N. N. Ai Ac Impulsive design response spectrum acceleration coefficient. Vi Vc V Design base shear due to impulsive component from effective weight of tank and contents. . Effective convective (sloshing) portion of the liquid weight. N. any permanent attachments and 10% Weight of the tank floor. Convective design response spectrum acceleration coefficient %g. Design base shear due to the convective component of the effective sloshing wieght.Ws Wr Wf Wi Wc WP Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances. N. knuckles. N. Effective impulsive weight of the liquid. N. Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing. Total design base shear. N. N. %g.

1383984 N 269710 N .

10 m .83 m 6.2.

04 9. Ni = Impulsive hoop membrane force in tank wall.72 Use '2 & 3' Y 6. (positive down).12 6.5 Q Fa So Y = Distance from liquid surface to analysis point.6. Effective weight contributing to seismic response. Velocity-based site coefficient ( at 1.5 ( Y / H ) Ai G Ni 0. Av = 0.1400 1.48 m Av = Wi = Wc = Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient.14 SDS SDS = 2. %g. m. N/mm.66 m Xcs 6.500 0.70 .65 D/H 0.0 seconds period ). 0.

69 0. 2 & 3 9. MPa. MPa.61 N/mm 7.0860 1. Convective hoop membrane force in tank wall. N/mm. N/mm. %g. Ni2 + Nc2 + ( Ac Nh )2 ) ) ) / t Av t σT Ws Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xc ) )2 ) .69 N/mm 7. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient.69 N/mm Use Ni = Use Nc = 7. N/mm.04 N/mm N/mm Ac G Nc 0. mm.04 he combined hoop y combined with the 2 i + Nc 2 ) ) / t t σT σh σs σT Nh Ni Nc t Av Product hydrostatic hoop stress in the shell. Hoop stress in the shell due to impulsive and convective force of the Total combined hoop stress in te shell. Thickness of the shell ring under consideration. Impulsive hoop membrane force in tank wall.04 0.1 2&3 1. Product hydrostatice membrane force.

s Xs + Wr Xr ) )2 + ( Ac ( Wc Xcs ) )2 ) .

(Shell + Btm Plt + Curb Angle + Rings ) Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances per unit length of shell circumference. N. from the inside of Design snow load. N/mm. Modify the ann the thickness of the general .ta S Av Mrw Ws Wss Wr Wrs Wt Wa Ge Thickness of the bottom plate under the shell extending at least the distance. N/m.54 Tank is not stable and cannot be self-anchored for the design load.4 Av ) J < 0. N.785 No calculated uplift under the design seismic overturning moment. The tank is self 0.0 . N/m.Portion of the total overturning moment that acts at the base of the tank shell p Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances.54 Tank is uplifting. Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient. but the tak is stable for the design load providing the shell compre J >1.0. Resisting force of tank contents per unit length of shell circumference that may be used to resist t Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effects = G ( 1. %g. including 10% of the specified snow load. Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell. any permanent attachments and 10% Roof load acting on the shell. L. Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing. Ringwall moment . knuckles.785 < J < 1.

shall be equal to or greater than L: [Satisfied] L = 158 mm [Not Satisfiend] [Not Satisfied] See API 650 Sec.3 ulated uplift. σ c .96 MPa here is no calculated uplift. E.785 Long. σc ulated uplift. J < 0. J < 0. used to calculate wa in Equ E-23 shall not exceed the first shell course thick b ) Nor shall the thickness. Stress = 14. Stress = 14. ta.a ) The thickness.785. ta > thicker annular plate inside the tank wall.e.785. J > 0.785 J > 0.43 MPa Long. Shell Comp. used in Equ E-23 exceed the actual thickness of the plate under th c ) when the bottom plate under the shell is thicker than the remainder of the tank bottom (i. Ls. σc J < 0. ta. Shell Comp.785.7.

5 D ) + 7.5 Fty Fc = 55. mm. G H D2 / t2 ≥ 44 G H D2 / t2 < 44 G H < 0.3878 120 Satisfied .17 MPaFc = 83 ts / ( ( 2.26 MPa c = 83 ts / D F Fc = 8.5 SQRT ( G H ) ) 28. corroded Allowable longitudinal shell membrane compression stress.Thickness of the shell ring under consideration. MPa.

determine the site class. service to major facilities ublic. ery dense soil . hazardous substance the purchaser. Site Class D shall be assumed Class E or F should apply at the site.

seconds ed. . eleration.2 seconds ) based on ASCE 7 methods. e stress design methods.behavior. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q = 1 UOS. %g. %g. on parameter at short periods ( T = 0. ot addressed by ASCE methods.

on parameter at one second based on ASCE 7 methods. ration parameter at short periods ( T = 0. ration parameter at a period of one second. %g. eleration. %g. seconds. % damping = 1. %g. %g. .5 UOS.ration parameter at a period of one second. d motion.2 seconds ). Q = 2 / 3 for ASCE 7 and Q = 1 UOS. of the liquid. For ASCE 7 Mapped value and for Outside USA 4. seconds. owable stress design methods.

. N. c gravity of the product. N. effective sloshing wieght. N. N. ve weight of tank and contents.ny permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load.

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5 Q Fa So .DS = 2.

e force. mm. er consideration. rce in tank wall. MPa. MPa. %g. N/mm. MPa. impulsive and convective force of the stored liquid.s in the shell. n coefficient. N/mm. N/mm. e in tank wall. te shell. .

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hat acts at the base of the tank shell perimeter. mference that may be used to resist the shell overturning moment. L.0. mm. N/m. esign load providing the shell compression requirements are satisfied. G ( 1. less CA. N.0 . Tank is self anchored.ast the distance. snow load. d for the design load. ny permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load. The tank is self anchored. Modify the annular plate if L < 0. N/mm. . from the inside of the shell. N-m.4 Av ) overturning moment.035D is not controlling or add mechanical anchorage. N/m. m Plt + Curb Angle + Rings ) of shell circumference.

ts. actual thickness of the plate under the shell less the CA for tank bottom. less the shell CA.not exceed the first shell course thickness. projection of the supplied al to or greater than L: .e. ta > tb) the min. emainder of the tank bottom (i.

RT ( G H ) ) .

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2 The maximum design pressure. mm F.2) P = ( 1.1.4 F.4 F.3 Roof Details F.4. roof and framing supported b the Internal Pressure exceed 18 kPa gauge covered in F.1.1 Maximum Design Pressure and Test Procedure The design pressure. as illustrated in Figure F-2. for a tank that has been constructed or that has had its design details est may be calculated from the following equation (subjected to the limitations of Pmax in F. mm .F. expressed as a decimal quantity Tank diameter.2 Figure F-1 provided to aid in the determination of the applicability of various sections of this appen F.1.1 ) ( A ) ( tan θ ) / D2 + 0.4. When net uplift does not exceed the nominal weight of the shell.5 F. kPa Area resisting the compressive force.4.2 Venting (Deleted) F. degrees Slope of the roof.6 Scope This appendix applies to the storage of nonrefrigerated liquids.7. mm 2 Angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-to-shell junction.1 F. m Nominal roof thickness.1 F. kPa Total weight of the shell and any framing (but not roof plates) supported by the she Tank diameter. Tank nameplate shall indicate whether the tank has been designed in accordance with F.1.1.4.2 F.08th P A θ tan θ D th Internal design pressure.1. shall not exceed the value from the following equation unlesss further limited by F.3 Pmax DLS D th Maximum design pressure.1. limited by uplift at the base of the shell. m Nominal roof thickness.3 F. P.

6 Calculate Failure Pressure ( Frangible Roofs ) a b c .08th ) ) / ( 1.08th + 0. Tank vents shall be tested durin F. linseed oil. mm 2 Tank diameter Design internal pressure.0. kPa Roof Thickness.6 for the roof-to-shell junction.1 A = ( D2 ( Pi . the compression area shall not be less than the cross-sectional area ca F.72 ( V / 120 )2 ) ) / ( 1.2 For self-supporting roofs.4Pi . or another suitable material.M Wind moment.5.3 As top angle size and roof slope decrease and tank diameter increases.m F.5. mm Design wind speed ( 3-second gust ).4. N .5 Required Compression Area at the Roof-to-Shell Junction F. a suggested further limitation on the maxim tanks with a weak rof-to-shell attachment (frangible joint) is: Pmax < 0. the design presure perm approaches the failure pressure of F. and all welded joints above the liquid level by means of a soap film. km / h F. it shall be filled with water to the top angle or the design liquid internal air pressure shall be applied to the enclosed space above the water level and held for 15 shall then be reduced to one-half the design pressure.1 ( tanθ ) ) A = ( D2 ( 0.0. In order to provide a safe mar operating pressure and the calculated failure pressure.1 ( tanθ ) ) A D Pi th V Total required compression area at the roof-to-shell junction.4.8 Pf F.4 When the entire tank is completed.

3 Roof Design F.7.) 720 (283/4) 820 (323/4) 970 (383/4) Bolt Circle Diameter 656 (261/4) Db mm (in.047th F.7 Anchored Tanks with Design Pressures up to 18 kPa Gauge F.) 1056 (421/4) 1120 (443/4) .) Dc mm (in.7.d e f g h Pf = 1.1 Shell Design Modification F.6P .4 Anchorage Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Manhole Diameter Circle Diameter Plate Diameter Bolt Cover mm (in.7.2 Compression Area F.7.) 756 (301/4) Cover Plate Diameter 906 (361/4) Dc mm (in.) Db mm (in.0.

27 947 Wc .39 10 Rc R2 9800.Minimum Yield Strength Type MPa FY min 304 304L 316 316L 317 317L 205 170 205 170 205 205 Minimum Tensile Strength MPa FT min 515 485 515 485 515 515 40 155 145 155 145 155 155 Allowable Stress fpr Maximum Design Tempe Not Exceeding (Sd). MPa Temperature Range 90 155 132 155 131 155 155 2 Temp 120 th 0.17 248924 tc Wh 37.

55 14 11.24 15500 0.610.00 279 .

5 30 x 30 x 2.5 35 x 35 x 3 35 x 35 x 3.2 4 5 3.5 25 x 25 x 3 25 x 25 x 4 30 x 30 x 2.5 3 3.5 20 x 20 x 3 25 x 25 x 2.5 5 Leg 2 L2 mm 20 20 20 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 30 35 35 35 35 35 35 37 40 40 40 40 45 4 4.5 3 2.5 35 x 35 x 4 35 x 35 x 5 37 x 37 x 3.2 3.Leg 1 L1 mm 20 x 20 x 2 20 x 20 x 2.5 5 Thk t mm 2 2.3 3 4 5 6 3 4 4.5 5 .5 2.7 30 x 30 x 3 30 x 30 x 4 30 x 30 x 5 35 x 35 x 2.5 3 4 2.2 35 x 35 x 3.5 45 x 45 x 5 20 20 20 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 30 35 35 35 35 35 35 37 40 40 40 40 45 4 4.3 40 x 40 x 3 40 x 40 x 4 40 x 40 x 5 40 x 40 x 6 45 x 45 x 3 45 x 45 x 4 45 x 45 x 4.7 3 4 5 2.

5 6 8 10 5 5.5 60 x 60 x 6 60 x 60 x 8 60 x 60 x 10 70 x 70 x 5 70 x 70 x 5.5 90 x 90 x 9 100 x 100 x 6.5 7 8 8.5 7 9 5.5 70 x 70 x 7 70 x 70 x 9 80 x 80 x 5.5 9 6.5 60 x 60 x 5 60 x 60 x 5.5 8 10 6.5 80 x 80 x 6 80 x 80 x 7 80 x 80 x 7.45 x 45 x 6 50 x 50 x 3 50 x 50 x 4 50 x 50 x 4.5 6 7 7.5 80 x 80 x 8 80 x 80 x 10 90 x 90 x 6.5 6 6.5 50 x 50 x 5 50 x 50 x 6 50 x 50 x 7 50 x 50 x 8 60 x 60 x 4 60 x 60 x 4.5 5 5.5 90 x 90 x 7 90 x 90 x 8 90 x 90 x 8.5 70 x 70 x 6 70 x 70 x 6.5 6 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 70 70 70 70 70 70 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 100 6 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 70 70 70 70 70 70 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 100 6 3 4 4.5 .5 5 6 7 8 4 4.

100 x 100 x 7 100 x 100 x 8 100 x 100 x 9 100 x 100 x 10 100 x 100 x 12 120 x 120 x 8 120 x 120 x 10 120 x 120 x 11 120 x 120 x 12 120 x 120 x 14 120 x 120 x 15 150 x 150 x 10 150 x 150 x 12 150 x 150 x 12.5 150 x 150 x 14 150 x 150 x 15 150 x 150 x 18 180 x 180 x 18 200 x 200 x 16 200 x 200 x 18 200 x 200 x 20 200 x 200 x 24 200 x 200 x 25 200 x 200 x 26 100 100 100 100 100 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 150 150 150 150 150 180 200 200 200 200 200 200 100 100 100 100 100 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 150 150 150 150 150 180 200 200 200 200 200 200 7 8 9 10 12 8 10 11 12 14 15 10 12 12.5 14 15 18 18 16 18 20 24 25 26 .

249 4.2 through F.6. of roof plates Wt. d or that has had its design details established he limitations of Pmax in F. Internal Pressure Pressure Force Wt.89 kPa 2 776. of shell. roof and framing supported b the shell or roof F.506 m 5.2 bility of various sections of this appendix.66 kPa 14769. mm 2 at the roof-to-shell junction.00 mm not roof plates) supported by the shell and roof.hell. shall not exceed the value calculated -0. degrees 14 degrees 0.2) 10.506 m 5 mm of the shell.47 mm rated in Figure F-2.1.4. roof and attached framing signed in accordance with F. N .83 N 4.

4.5 and 3.00 kPa 5 mm 138 km / h 14 Degrees Corroded less than the cross-sectional area calculated in 3.55 mm 2 188. Tank vents shall be tested during or after this test. In order to provide a safe margin between the maximum ggested further limitation on the maximum design pressure for -1. The air pressure ll welded joints above the liquid level shall be checked for leaks erial. 2 340.6 .94 mm o-shell junction.10.42734.03 kPa r to the top angle or the design liquid level.81 N-m r increases.1 and F.2 nction.4. mm 2 4.506 mm 5.10. and the design above the water level and held for 15 minutes. the design presure permitted by F.

-1.29 kPa .

Allowable Stress for Tank Shells ˚C t L 59.80 947 3.owable Stress fpr Maximum Design Temperature Not Exceeding (Sd).74 95 ts . MPa Temperature Range 150 140 119 145 117 145 145 200 128 109 133 107 133 133 260 121 101 123 99 123 123 Hydrostatic Test Stress (St) MPa Ambient 186 155 186 155 186 186 Table S-2 --.11 2467 A 363.21 234330.84 1520 Wh + L + ts 97.

74 95 Sum 41.37 260883.933539 Wt.3.16 26552. 199446.46 404./m 2047.2534 Wt.9618 .

5 35L3 35L3.3 40L3 40L4 40L5 40L6 45L3 45L4 45L4.20L2 20L2.5 20L3 25L2.5 25lL3 25L4 30L2.5 35L4 35L5 37L3.2 35L3.5 30L2.5 45L5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! .7 30L3 30L4 30L4 35L2.

5 50L5 50L6 50L7 50L8 60L4 60L4.5 90L7 90L8 90L8.5 80L6 80L7 80L7.45L6 50L3 50L4 50L4.5 70L6 70L6.5 90L9 10L6.5 60L5 60L5.5 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! .5 80L8 80L10 90L6.5 70L7 70L9 80L5.5 60L6 60L8 60L10 70L5 70L5.

5 150L14 150L15 150L18 180L18 200L16 200L18 200L20 200L24 200L25 200L26 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! .100L7 100L8 100L9 100L10 100L12 120L8 120L10 120L11 120L12 120L14 120L15 150L10 150L12 150L12.

52 kN 6.54 kN 36.7.11 kN Does tank have internal pressure? - Yes Does internal pressure exceed weight of roof plates? - Yes Does internal pressure exceed the weight of the shell.Pi = PForce = W roof plates = and attached framing W Total = 5.00 kPa 79. roof and attached framing? Yes Provide anchors and conform to F. - Does internal pressure exceed 18 kPa? No Use API 620 .

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The roof support members shall not be attached to the roof plate.). The cross sectional area (A) of the roof to-shell junction is less than the limit shown below: A = W / ( 1390 tan Theta ) . The slope of the roof at the top angle attachment does not exceed 2 in 12. The roof is attached to the top angle with a single continuours fillet weld that does not exceed 5 mm (3/16 in.9. f. g. The top angle may be smaller than that required by 3. c. d.e in Figure F-2.5. All members in the region of the roof-to shell junction. b. Frangible Roof Conditions a.A roof is considered frangible if the roof-to-shell joint will fail prior to the shell-to-bottom joint in the event of excessive internal pressure. including insulation rings considered as contributing to the crosssectional area (A).25 m (50 ft) diameter or greater.e. The tank shall be 15.1. e. h. The roof-to-top angle compression ring limited to details a .

ble Stress for Tank Shells .

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Do not exceed Pmax. Anchors for pressure not required. API 650 with Appendix F or API 620 shall be used .1 through F.6. Limit roof/shell compression area per F.5.Basic Design Basic Design Basic Design plus Appendix F.

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shell joint joint in the event of he top angle he top angle let weld that ers shall not be mpression ring maller than that n of the roof-toulation rings to the cross- a (A) of the roof- .