AERODYNAMICS IN CARS

by, HABEEB MUHAMMED.A ROLL NO : 15 S8 ME

INTRODUCTION

AERODYNAMICS : Study of forces generated by motion of air on moving body. CLASSIFACATION OF AERODYNAMICS : external and internal, subsonic , supersonic , hypersonic FIELDS OF APPLICATION : aerospace engineering, design of automobiles , ships , civil engineering , design of bridges etc.

AERODYNAMIC FORCES ON A BODY

LIFT (DOWNFORCE) DRAG WEIGHT THRUST

HISTORY OF EVOLUTION OF AERODYNAMICS IN CARS

DESIGN’S IN EARLY 20th CENTURY : cars with low speeds, no aerodynamic problems.

CAR’S IN THE EARLY 50’s : cars designed for big family’s , complete negligence of aerodynamics.

CARS AFTER 70’s : fuel crisis , need of economic designs , evolution of aerodynamics.

WHY WE NEED TO IMPROVE AERODYNAMICS IN CARS

SPEED better aerodynamics higher will be the speeds.

FUEL EFFICIENCY better aerodynamics , less work for engine.

AERODYNAMICS IN MCLAREN F1

SPECIFICATIONS FRONT END REAR END SCOOPS WINGS
Mclaren F1

AERODYNAMIC DEVICES

SPOILERS NACA DUCTS Increase rate of flow To expose air to areas not exposed to direct air flow.

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METHODS TO EVALUATE AERODYNAMICS IN CARS

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WIND TUNNELS
Research tool to study effect of air moving over a solid object. Trial and error process. Special pressure paints for analysis. Detailed analysis of air flow patterns. Analyzing for the optimal design.

SOFTWARES

DEVELOPMENTS IN CFD
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ANSYS, CATIA,ALIAS STUDIO ANALYZE CHANGES DURING DESIGN PHASE AND DEVELOPMENT REDUCES TIME TO DEVELOP OPTIMAL DESIGN ABLE TO STUDY INDIVIDUAL ELEMENTS, MORE EFFECTIVE

AERODYNAMIC IMPROVEMNTS IN THE CAR THAT WE ALREADY OWN
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Keep your vehicle washed and waxed Remove mud flaps behind wheels Place license plate out of air flow Avoid roof-racks or carriers Close windows, close sunroof

CONCLUSION

Aerodynamics in cars is a factor in the over all performance of the car, it should never be compromised.

THANK YOU

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FRONT END
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FRONTAL PRESSURE PRESSURE DIFFERENCE MINIMISE FRONTAL AREA REDUCE cd

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SCOOPS
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ENGINE COOLING INCREASESFLOW RATE OF AIR

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REAR END
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REAR VACUM FLOW DETACHEMENT TURBULANCE

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WINGS

PRODUCE DOWNFORCE REDUCE DRAG

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COEFFICIENT OF DRAG

Drag = 1/2xd x Cd x A Xv2 Measure of aerodynamic efficiency.

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SPECIFICATIONS
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EngineType:V12 Curb Weight : 1100 kg. Displacement:6064 cc Horsepower:627 bhp @ 7400 rpm Torque:479 lb-ft @ 4000 rpm Performance0-60 mph:3.2 sec 0-100 mph:6.3 sec Top Speed:240 mph /hr
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