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Preparation of Turkey Red Oil

Preparation of Turkey Red Oil

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Published by Himanshu Jha

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Published by: Himanshu Jha on Jul 18, 2012
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10/06/2014

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Guided by: Dr.

Rashmi Tyagi

Presented by: Amar Karam Chandani(091405) Himanshu Jha(091411) Aman Chaturvedi(091440)

WHAT IS TURKEY RED OIL TRADITIONAL METHOD OF PREPARATION SULFATION PROPERTIES OF TURKEY RED OIL –CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL FROM LITERATURE CASTOR OIL GRADES AND PROPERTIES MOLAR CALCULATIONS ACID VALUE AND SAP VALUES EXPERIMENTALY DETERMINED TEST ON LEATHER SAMPLES. .

The sulphate group acts as a hydrophile imparting excellent wetting. emulsification.TURKEY RED OIL is Sulfated Castor oil. . clear colours. and dispersing characteristics to the oil. The anionactive product is used in the textile industry for fibre wetting ability and as dye agent to obtain bright. Castor oil sulfation results largely in a sulphuric acid ester in which the hydroxyl group of ricinoleic acid has been esterified.

The traditional method of preparing turkey-red oil is to add concentrated sulphuric acid at a controlled rate to castor oil over a period of several hours with constant cooling and agitation of the reaction mass to maintain a temperature of 25–30◦C. the reaction mass is washed then neutralized using an alkali solution or an amine. After acid addition is complete. .

Alkyl sulfates are often prepared by starting with the hydrolysis of a glyceride to produce the fatty acid. they are the oldest surfactants. which is then reduced into the alcohol. as well as detergents. . They are excellent foaming and wetting agents. and they are included in many different products for domestic and industrial use. and. excepted soaps.Alkyl-sulfates were introduced just after WWII.

and dyeing assistants Active wetting agent. used in dyeing and in finishing of cotton and linen Used in bath oil recipes along with fragrance or essential oils.Producing synthetic detergents Formulating lubricants. softeners. or in shampoos. Used to emulsify essential oil .

Colour –Amber/yellow Appearance-clear/mobile liquid Odour .5 . pH-8 to 9.blend vegetable oil. Acid value -3 to 9. Flash Point < 300.

CH3 (CH2 )5 CH(OH)CH2 CH CH(CH2 )7 COOH. is one of the few commercially available glycerides that contains hydroxyl functionality in such a high percentage of one fatty acid. Typical of vegetable oils and most fats.9-enoic acid. oil of Palma Christi. tangantangan oil. and neoloid. castor oil is a triglyceride of various fatty acids. structurally cis-12-hydroxyoctadeca. Castor oil. Its uniqueness stems from the very high (87–90 wt %) content of ricinoleic acid. an eighteen-carbon hydroxylated fatty acid having one double bond.Castor oil is also known as ricinus oil. sometimes described as a triglyceride of ricinoleic acid. C18 H34 O3 . .

981 g/ml Therefore. .05 gm No.981)=48.05/ 932= 0. of moles of castor oil taken in a 50 ml sample = 48.22 ml.1545*98)/1. amount of H2SO4 required= (0. Moles of H2SO4 required= 0.84 g/ml Hence.1545 moles Density of H2SO4 = 1.1 mole of castor oil= 932gms Density of castor oil= 0.0515 moles As per the reaction chemistry 1 mole of castor oil requires 3 moles of sulphuric acid. 50 ml of castor oil weighs= (50*0.84 = 8.

Take Castor oil in a beaker (50 ml). Leave the mixture for about ½ hr with continuous stirring. .2 ml) drop by drop using a separating funnel. Place the beaker in an ice bath since reaction is exothermic. Continuous stirring is required for homogenisation of reactants. Add requisite amount of sulphuric acid (8.

.The second Batch was prepared by changing experimental conditions such as Temperature. Instead of ice bath normal water being used for controlling the heat evolved during the reaction.

we take 1.1 hr. After heating a little.1N NaOH.5 grams of melted sample and 25ml ethanol in a conical flask. SAPONIFICATION VALUE For determining the SAP Value. . take 1. After refluxing titrate it against HCl.5 to 2.ACID VALUE For determining the acid value of the sample.0-1. titrate the sample against 0.0 grams of sample and 25ml alcoholic KOH and reflux it for min.

. can indicate the viscosity of fluid.Using Ostwald’s Viscometer: Efforts were made to measure the viscosity of prepared sample of Turkey Red Oil by Ostwald’s Viscometer. The common Brookfield type viscometer determines the required torque for rotating a disk or bob in a fluid at known speed. Amount of viscous drag is proportional to the amount of torque required to rotate the spindle and thus to the viscosity of the fluid. Using Brookfield Viscometer: Brookfield viscometers employ the principle of rotational viscometry. The analysis was pretty difficult and henceforth we weren’t able to determine viscosity using this type of viscometer. Therefore we switched over to Brookfield Viscometer. Rotational Viscometers uses the idea that the torque required to turn an object in a fluid. Disk or bob spindle immersed in the test fluid through a calibrated spring and spring deflection measures the viscous drag of fluid against the spindle.

34 210.12 Viscosity Acid Value SAP Value 2360cP 225.SAMPLE A SAMPLE B Viscosity Acid Value SAP Value 2007cP 199.96 .42 170.

Old Leather sample has got its shine back on application of Turkey Red Oil. .

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