Shared Criticisms of CRE Research

• I. Methodological Integrity • A. Inherent problems of field based research
– Control (sampling) – Instrumentation
• appropriate measures • valid measures • standardized operational definitions

– Rigor
• design • data analyses

Shared Criticisms cont’d
– Causality
• lack of theory informing causal connections • failure connecting treatment to outcome

– Evaluation versus Basic research – The Politics of Field Research

• B. Study Types
– Longitudinal – Comparative Studies
• CRE program • CRE training models

Shared Criticisms cont’d
– Multiple Measures (the need for innovation)
• quantitative • qualitative • mixed

Future Directions
• Survey
– Scientific – Multipurpose

• Longitudinal Study
– Institutionalization – Diversity

• Continued Research Symposiums

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