INDEX

Adelaide, Queen, 34 Afghanistan, 2, 14, 24 Arackiel, Moses, 104 Armstrong, William W., 34 Arnold, Thomas, 37 Arnold-Forster, H. O., 19 Assize of Arms (1181), 4 Auckland, 15 Australia, 1-2, 9-11, 15-21, 57-78, 157-8, 163, 169-70 Defence Act (1903), 19 New South Wales, 2, 10-11, 16-18, 57-62, 65, 97 Queensland, 10-11, 17, 57, 59-60, 65 South Australia, 10, 16, 57, 59-60, 65 Tasmania, 10, 57-60 Victoria, 10-11, 17, 57-63, 65-77 Royal Commission (1858-60), 60 Royal Commission (1875-76), 67-8 Volunteer Act (1854), 76 Western Australia, 10, 57, 61 Baddeley, W. C. 111 Bahadur Shah II, 110 Baldwin, W., 111 Balfour, Eustace, 158 Bank Holiday Act (1871), 36 Barclay Lloyd, J., 164 Barton, Robert, 150 Battles and Engagements Batoche (1885), 95 Belwa (1857), 107 Bergendal (1900), 164 Boshof (1900), 165 Bushman’s Nek (1873), 149 Calcutta (1756), 102 Campobello Island (1866), 89

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Cawnpore (1857), 105 Colenso (1899), 157-58, 169 Diamond Hill (1900), 164, 169 Doornkop (1900), 164, 169 Duck Lake (1885), 94 Eureka Stockade (1854), 11, 58, 67–8, 75–6 Gingindlovu (1879), 149 Hlobane (1879), 150 Isandlwana (1879), 149 Khambula (1879), 150 Kororareka (1845), 122 Lindley (1900), 8, 55, 164, 169 Lucknow (1857), 108–9 Magersfontein (1899), 157 Majuba (1881), 157 Montgomery’s Tavern (1837), 82 Ndondakazuka (1856), 145 Nzezane (1879), 149 Omaranui (1866), 128 Omdurman (1898), 166 Paardeburg (1900), 163-5 Parihaka (1881), 12, 132-3 Stormberg (1899), 157 Tweebosch (1902), 169 Ulundi (1879), 150-51, 166 Waireka (1860), 12, 126 Wairou, (1843), 121 Zand River (1900), 164 Beaton, Cecil, 105 Bevitie, A., 52 Bikitsha, Veldman, 144 Birdwood, William, 113, 119 Birmingham, 24, 29, 33 Blachford, William, 43 Boers, 139–43, 153–57, 160, 164–7, 169

– 201 –

202

Citizen Soldiers and the British Empire, 1837–1902 Charge, Frank, 166 Chartism, 28–30, 37 Chesham, Lord, 38, 158 Chesney, George, 25 Childers, Hugh, 27, 46, 49 Church Lads Brigades, 37 Clarke, George S., 62 Cleveland, Grover, 96, 98 Clive, Robert, 102 Cobden, Richard, 24 Cohn, Julius, 73 Colonial Conferences, 18 Colonial Defence Committee, 16, 62, 64 Connaught, Duke of, 34 Cooke-Collis, William, 45 County and Borough Police Act (1856), 29 Craig, James, 45, 55 Cronin, Major, 43 Curzon, Lord, 118 Dalley, William, 16 Daulah, Siraj-ud, 102 Davis, R. H., 93 Denison, George, 90–1 De Wet, Christiaan, 167 Drake, Mr, 102 Dudley, Earl of, 33 Dufferin, Lord, 54 Dundas, Henry, 103 Dunlop, R. H. W., 107 Dunne, T. J., 116 Durham, Lord, 83 Durnford, Anthony, 149

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Caledon, 2nd Earl of, 47 Cambridge, Duke of, 26, 34 Campbell, Colin, 109 Campbell-Bannerman, Henry, 160 Canada, 1–2, 8, 10–12, 16–18, 20–1, 27, 79–99, 119, 157–8, 163, 169 Militia Act (1846), 83–4, 98 Militia Act (1855), 85, 98 Militia Act (1868), 90 Nova Scotia, 9, 16, 87–8, 90, 126 Canadian Defence League, 20 Canning, Lord, 105–06 Cardwell, Edward, 15–16, 27, 46, 49 Carey, Lt. Colonel, 77 Caribbean, 1, 9 Carnarvon, Lord, 62 Carrington, 2nd Lord, 35–6, 38 Cavenagh, Orfeur, 105 Cetswayo, 145, 149, 151 Chand, Manik, 103 Chesapeake Incident, 87 Ceylon, 1 Chamberlain, Joseph, 17, 156 East India Company, 9, 101–2, 104–5, 110 Eden Commission (1879), 14 Edinburgh, Alfred, Duke of, 73, 147 Egerton-Warburton, Colonel, 33 Egypt, 7, 16, 25, 27, 103 Eight Hour Movement (1855–56), 69 Elgin, Lord, 84–5 Elgin Commission (1902), 170 Eurasians, 14–15, 104–5, 108, 112–13 Falkland Islands, 2 Far East, 2, 14 Farquharson, W., 104 Fashoda Crisis (1898), 135

Boileau, Captain, 108 Bond, Francis, 82 Borden, Frederick, 17, 97 Botha, Louis, 153 Boys Brigades, 37 Brabazon, J. P., 159 Bradstreet, Robert, 149 Brereton, J. S., 52 Britain, 1–4, 6–8, 10–12, 17–18, 20–1, 23–41 Volunteer Act (1863), 31 Volunteer Consolidation Act (1804), 31 Royal Commission on the Volunteer Force (1862), 37 Brodrick, St John, 19, 169 Buckingham, Colonel, 117 Buckingham and Chandos, 2nd Duke of, 33 3rd Duke of, 38 Bull, John E. N., 72 Buller, Redvers, 150–1, 156–8, 164 Burma, 1, 15 Burnaby, Captain, 168 Burne-Jones, Edward, 32

Index Fenians, 7–8, 11–12, 29, 41–2, 50–1, 80, 89–91, 95, 98, 131 Fitzgerald, Sub-inspector, 52 Fitzgibbon, Maurice, 55 Fitzroy, George, 38 Robert, 121–2 Fox, Francis, 135-6 France, 1-5, 10, 16, 23-4, 59 French, John, 26, 164 Fyrd, 4 Garibaldi, Giuseppe, 27 Gaskell, H. S., 165 Gatacre, William, 157 Gee, Walter, 37 Germany, 16, 19, 156 Gibraltar, 25 Gillray, James, 35 Gladstone, William, 156 Gordon, Charles, 118, 166 Grant, Captain, 102 Grey, Earl, 15, 57 George, 126–7, 146 India, 1–2, 9, 13–14, 21, 101–20, 146 Invasion scares, 2, 6, 10, 23–5, 59–60, 77 Ionian Islands, 25–26 Ireland, 1, 4, 6–8, 10, 12, 25, 39, 41–56 Act of Union (1801), 42 Militia Interchange Act (1811), 42 Jameson Raid (1896), 156 Jantjie, Luke, 151 Johannes, Narciss, 104

203

Kelly, J., 43 Khoisan, 139–40, 144 Kitchener, Herbert, 153, 157, 165–6, 168–9 Kruger, Paul, 140, 156 Langalibalele Rebellion (1873), 149 Lansdowne, Lord, 156, 169 Laurier, Wilfrid, 96–97, 99 Lawrence, Henry, 108 Layard, Major, 116-17 Leighton, Frederick, 32 Le Queux, William, 25 Linnell, Jack, 29 Lloyd, John, 124 Owen, 43 Lloyd George, David, 160 Locke Elliot, E., 119 Lockhart, William, 118 Lonsdale, Lord, 158 Lorne, Lord, 16 Louis XIV, King, 103 Lucas, Lord, 158 Lumsden, Dugald, 117–18 James, 117 Macdonald, John A., 16, 88, 91, 94 L., 111 Machiavelli, Niccolo, 3 Mackenzie, J. F., 111 William Lyon, 82 Mackinnon, Henry, 164, 167 Macnaghten, F., 104 McClintock, H. S., 44 Mckenzie, Duncan, 152

Haldane, R. B., 18–21 Halifax, 16, 20 Hamilton, Lord Claud, 44 Handcock, Peter, 18 Harvey, Robert, 38 Hastings, Warren, 103 Havelock, Henry, 109–10, 166 Heaphy, Charles, 128 Henry VII, King, 4 Henry VIII, King, 4 Herbert, Ivor, 96 Hobson, J. A., 160 William, 121 Holloway, F. H., 111 Hone Heke Pokai, 122 Hong Kong, 15 Hopwood, Harry, 165 Hughes, Samuel, 20 Thomas, 37 Hutton, Edward, 17, 97

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204

Citizen Soldiers and the British Empire, 1837–1902 Paterson, John, 167 Peel, Jonathan, 76 Robert, 109 William, 109 Penjdeh Crisis (1885), 2, 14, 16, 24–5, 27, 134 Penton, Arthur, 135–6 Perron, Mr, 103 Petruse, Aratoon, 104 Pitt, Dean, 67 Playfair, Patrick, 118 Pollock, A. W. A., 151 Polybius, 3 Potgieter, Andries, 140 Powell, Walker, 92 Poynter, James, 38 Pratt, William, 111 Pretoius, Andries, 140 Prinsep, Val, 32 Prussia, 4–5 Radcliffe, Captain, 108 Ranelagh, Lord, 27 Raymond, Mr, 103 Redmond, John, 47 William, 47 Reece, G. F. A., 168 Rhodes, Cecil, 156 Richardson, Colonel, 106 Richmond, Lt. Governor, 123 Riel, Louis, 91–2, 94–5 Risley, H. H., 119 Roberts, Frederick, 157, 163–6, 168 Robin, Alfred, 131 Robinson, Asst. Magistrate, 111 Ross, P. T., 161, 166 Rosse, Earl of, 45 Rossetti, Dante, 32 Rowcroft, Brigadier, 107 Royal Navy, 16, 25, 57, 59, 63–4, 122 HMCS Cerberus, 61 HMCS Nelson, 61 HMCS Victoria, 61 HMS Shannon, 109 Rural Constabulary Act (1839) Russia, 2, 7, 10, 24, 59, 133

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Napoleon I, Emperor, 103 Napoleon III, Emperor, 24 National Defence League, 20 National Rifle Association, 33 National Service League, 19 National Union of the Working Classes, 30 New Zealand, 1–2, 10, 12–14, 16–21, 27, 60, 65, 77, 91, 121–38, 157–8, 163 Defence Act (1886), 131, 134 Defence Act (1900), 18, 20 Militia Act (1858), 124–5 Militia Act (1870), 129 Norfolk Commission (1904), 170 Nugent, Oliver, 46 O’Brien, W. E., 99 O’Neill, John, 89 Oregon Boundary Dispute, 11, 84 O’Reilly, Myles, 46 Orr, A. S., 165 Parnell, Charles Stewart, 47 Pearce, George, 19 Palmerston, Lord, 25

Mckenzie Rew, H. G., 161 Madras, 9, 101–2 Maher, P., 52 Maitland, P. T., 118 Malay States, 15 Malchus, Issac, 104 Malta, 1, 25 Maori, 2, 12–14, 121–9, 132–3, 135 Marselli, Niccola, 5 Massey Shaw, Eyre, 46 Matshana, 146 Metcalfe, T., 111 Methuen, Lord, 157, 165, 167, 169 Middleton, Frederick, 94–5 Millais, John Everett, 32 Milner, Alfred, 156 Minchin, Captain, 102 Mirza, J. S., 104 Moeller, Bernard, 161 Morant, Harry, 18 Mornington, Lord, 103 Morris, William, 32 Moshoeshoe, 144

Index St Helena, 9, 25 Saint, Charles, 72 Salisbury, 2nd Marquess of, 38–9 3rd Marquess of, 156–8 Sargood, Frederic, 62 Sarkies, Johannes, 104 Saunders, Captain, 108 Saunderson, Edward, 46–7 Schilling, George, 108 Scotland, 4, 6, 14, 24, 28–9, 31, 130 Scott, Durant, 149 Scratchley, Peter, 133–4 Searle, James, 151 Seddon, Richard, 20, 135, 137 Settle, General, 54 Sexton, Lt. Colonel, 117 Sharman-Crawford, R. G., 55 Shepstone, Theophilius, 149 Sherman, William T., 88 Sierra Lone, 9 Simpson, Dr, 111 Sindia, Daulat Rao, 103 Singapore, 14-15 Smiles, Samuel, 37 Smith, George, 67 William, 37 Smuts, Jan, 143 Sotho, 140–2, 144, 151 South Africa, 1–2, 10, 12–13, 17–18, 119, 139–70 Cape Colony, 10, 13, 139–41, 143–8, 150–2, 154–5, 158, 163 Defence Act (1912), 153 Natal, 10, 13, 19, 139, 144–52, 154–5, 158, 163–4 Militia Act (1903), 152 Volunteer Act (1895), 152 Orange Free State, 140–2, 144, 155, 163–4 Transvaal, 13, 140–2, 144, 150, 152–3, 155–6, 164 Spinks, Charlton, 46 Stanley Committee (1875), 33 Stanley, Lord, 121 Statute of Westminster (1285), 4 Stead, W. T., 160 Steele, William, 130 Strachan, John, 81 Stronge, J. M., 47 Stuart Hill, J., 167 Sudan, 2, 10, 14, 16, 24, 59, 65, 118 Swing Riots (1830-1), 28 Taswell, Major, 104 Te Kooti, 128 Tennett, W. M., 116 Thompson, Thomas, 136 Tipu Sultan, 103-4 Titokowaru, 128, 130 Trent Affair (1861), 27, 87-8

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United States, 2, 8-9, 11, 16, 79, 81-2, 84-5, 87-9, 91-4, 96, 133 Militia Act (1903), 9 Units Australia, Bendigo Volunteer Rifle Corps, 66, 73–6 Bushveldt Carbineers, 18, 170 Castlemaine Light Dragoons, 61, 66 Castlemaine Volunteer Rifle Corps, 69, 71–5 Commonwealth Military Forces, 17, 19, 78 Hobart Town Volunteer Artillery, 60, 71 Kyneton Mounted Rifles, 66 New South Wales Lancers, 164 New South Wales Naval Brigade, 61 Noarlunga Volunteer Rifle Corps, 71 Northern Battalion, 72 Parramatta Association, 10, 58 Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers, 1 Prince of Wales’s Light Horse Regiment, 67 Reedbeds Cavalry, 61 Railway Volunteers, 71 Sandhurst (Bendigo) Cavalry, 66–7 Scottish Horse, 71 South Australia Mounted Rifles, 1 Sydney Association, 10, 58 Victorian Mounted Rifles, 73 Victorian Naval Brigade, 61 Victorian Naval Reserve, 61 Victorian Rangers, 73

206

Citizen Soldiers and the British Empire, 1837–1902 47th (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) Company, 55, 162 48th (North Somerset) Company, 168 69th (Sussex) Company, 161 Lanarkshire Yeomanry, 29 1st Lancashire Engineer Volunteers, 28 Lancashire Hussars, 33 39th Lancashire (Liverpool Welsh) RVC, 32 64th Lancashire (Liverpool Scottish) RVC, 56 Leicestershire Yeomanry, 29 Local Militia, 6, 24 1st Manchester Regiment, 165 Middlesex Rifle Volunteers, 31-2 23rd Middlesex (Inns of Court) RVC, 32 24th Middlesex (Post Office) RVC, 27-28 28th Middlesex (London Irish) RVC, 32, 56 38th Middlesex (Artists Rifles) RVC, 32 3rd Monmouth (Newport) RVC, 30 1st Newcastle and Durham Engineer Volunteers, 28 North Somerset Yeomanry, 29 Nottinghamshire Yeomanry, 29 Oxfordshire Rifle Volunteers, 31–2 Pembrokeshire (Castlemartin) Yeomanry, 28 Queen’s Own Dorset yeomanry, 33 Queen’s Own Royal Volunteers, 165 Queen’s Own West Kent Yeomanry, 34 Queen’s Own Worcestershire Yeomanry, 29, 33–4 Robin Hood Rifles, 67 Royal Artillery, 135, 146 Royal Bucks Hussars, 38 Royal Bucks King’s Own Militia, 35 2nd Royal Bucks Yeomanry, 29, 33, 36 Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry, 29 Royal East Kent Mounted Yeomanry, 33–4 Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, 34

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Britain, Ayrshire Yeomanry, 29 Buckinghamshire Rifle Volunteers, 32, 35 1st Bucks Rifle Volunteers, 32 2nd Bucks (High Wycombe) RVC, 35, 38 5th Bucks (Slough) RVC, 38 Cheshire Yeomanry, 33 City Imperial Volunteers, 17, 28, 157, 159, 161–2, 164, 167–8, 170 Derbyshire Yeomanry, 29 Dorset Yeomanry, 34 2nd Foot, 116 10th Foot, 104 12th Foot, 58 1/15th Foot, 117 2/15th Foot, 116 27th Foot, 51 32nd Foot, 108 40th Foot, 58 41st Foot, 52 51st Foot, 52, 104 68th Foot, 47 83rd Foot, 83 89th Foot, 146 95th Foot, 72, 146 17th Lancers, 52 East Lothian Yeomanry, 28 Exeter and South Devon Volunteer Corps, 24 Hampshire Rifle Volunteers, 31 18th Hampshire (Basingstoke) RVC, 35 Imperial Yeomanry, 8, 17–18, 28, 42, 157–9, 161–70 1st (Wiltshire) Battalion, 168 11th Battalion, 168 13th Battalion, 8, 55, 164 29th Battalion, 55 16th (Worcestershire) Company 17th (Ayr and Lanark) Company, 167 18th (Queen’s Own Royal Glasgow) Company, 165 37th (Royal Bucks Hussars) Company, 165 45th (Dublin Hunt) Company, 55 46th (Belfast) Company, 45

Index Royal Marine Light Infantry, 107 Royal Northumberland Hussars, 34 Royal Scots, 165 Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, 34 3rd Somerset (Taunton) RVC, 30 Special Reserve, 21 Staffordshire Yeomanry, 29, 34 1st Surrey (South London) RVC, 35 Surrey Yeomanry, 34 Territorial Force, 6, 19–21, 24 Victoria Volunteer Rifle Corps, 24 Volunteer Service Companies, 17, 157, 159, 162, 164–70 Warwickshire Yeomanry, 29, 33 Westminster Dragoons, 34 Burma, Moulmein Volunteer Reserve Company, 1 Rangoon Irrawaddy State Railway Volunteer Corps, 15 Rangoon Volunteer Corps, 118 Canada, 3rd Battery of Artillery, 87 Borderers, 82–3 Canadian Highlanders, 1 Loyal Volunteers, 82 Mounted Rangers, 82 North West Mounted Police, 94 Prince of Wales’s Regiment, 85 Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada, 85 Rangers, 82–3 Royal Canadian Dragoons, 93 Royal Canadian Regiment, 93 5th Royal Scots, 87 Sedentary Militia, 79–80, 83, 85–6 Strathcona’s Horse, 163 Victoria Rifles, 1, 85 Central African Regiment, 46 Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers, 1 German Legion, 16 Hong Kong Volunteer Corps, 15 India, Assam Valley Light Horse, 118–19 Assam Valley Mounted Rifles, 117 Bengal European Regiment. 103 Bengal Yeomanry Cavalry, 14, 106–7 Bihar Volunteer Light Horse, 14, 111–12, 118

207 Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway Volunteer Corps, 113 Bombay Armed Association, 104 Bombay Militia, 104 Bombay Volunteer Rifle Corps, 116–17 Bombay Volunteer Rifle Association, 117 Cachar Levies, 14 Calcutta Light Horse, 118 Calcutta Militia, 102–4 Calcutta Militia Cavalry, 104-5 Calcutta Volunteer Cops, 105, 109 Company of Trained Bands, 9, 102 Cossipore Artillery Volunteers, 1 Durrung Mounted Rifles, 117 East India Railway Volunteer Corps, 113 1st European Regiment, 104 14th Hindustani Horse, 107 Khaki Resalah, 14, 107–8 La Martinière Volunteers, 108–9, 119 7th Light Cavalry, 108 Lumsden’s Horse, 14, 118-19 Madras Artillery Volunteers, 113 Madras Militia, 104 Mysore Volunteer Corps, 118 2nd Native Cavalry, 104 41st Native Infantry, 108 Poona Volunteers, 117 Punjab Volunteer Corps, 118 Rohilkhand Irregular Horse, 14 Suba Bihar Mounted Rifles, 111 Surma Valley Light Horse, 118 Zhob Levies, 14 Ireland Antrim Rifles, 44 Antrim Artillery Militia, 44, 46–7, 51, 53 Armagh Artillery Militia, 44 Belfast Rifle Association, 56 Carlow Militia, 51 Cavan Militia, 47 5th Connaught Rangers, 48 Donegal Artillery, 44, 53 Donegal Militia, 44 Fermanagh Militia, 43, 45 Galway Militia, 50 Irish Volunteers, 7, 41–2

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208

Citizen Soldiers and the British Empire, 1837–1902 Irish Yeomanry, 7, 41–4 Kilkenny Militia, 43 King’s County Militia, 45, 53 3rd Leinster Regiment, 53–4 4th Leinster Regiment, 42–3, 50 5th Leinster Regiment, 50 Londonderry Artillery, 44–5, 53 Longford Militia, 46 Louth Militia, 44, 46 Monaghan Militia, 43, 51 Meath Militia, 45 North Cork Rifles, 43–7, 51, 53 North Mayo Militia, 43 North Tipperary Militia, 51–2 Queen’s County Rifles, 50–1 8th Rifle Brigade (Leitrim Militia), 48 Roscommon Militia, 43–4 4th Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 48 5th Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 53 3rd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, 48 5th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, 46 3rd Royal Irish Fusiliers, 53 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, 55 3rd Royal Irish Rifles, 45, 48, 53, 55 4th Royal Irish Rifles, 48, 53 5th Royal Irish Rifles, 45, 53-5 6th Royal Irish Rifles, 54 Royal Munster Fusiliers, 46, 50 3rd Royal Munster Fusiliers, 53–4 4th Royal Munster Fusiliers, 48 5th Royal Munster Fusiliers, 53 Royal Tyrone Fusiliers, 43, 45 South Cork Light Infantry, 43, 50, 52, 54 South Down Militia, 47 South Mayo Militia, 43 South Tipperary Artillery Militia, 44, 46, 51 South Tipperary Militia, 52 Tyrone Militia, 47 Tyrone Artillery Militia, 44 36th (Ulster) Division, 46 Ulster Defence Regiment, 41 Ulster Special Constabulary, 41 Ulster Volunteer Force, 7, 41 Waterford Artillery Militia, 43, 47, 50, 52–3 Westmeath Militia, 44 Wexford Militia, 45-7 Wicklow Artillery Militia, 47–8 Wicklow Rifles, 43, 47, 50 New Zealand, Armed Constabulary, 12, 132–4 Auckland Militia, 122–3, 127 Auckland Rifle Volunteers, 128 Canterbury Volunteers, 125, 129–31 Carlyle Rifle Volunteers, 130 College Rifle Volunteers, 125 Coromandel Rifle Brigade, 1 Dunedin Irish Rifle Volunteers, 125 Forest Rangers, 12 Kororareka Association, 12, 121 Napier Rifle Volunteers, 128 Nelson Militia, 122 New Plymouth Militia, 124 New Zealand Company Militia, 12, 121 Ngati Porou Rifle Volunteers, 12 Otago Hussars, 1 Royal New Zealand Fencibles, 15, 124 Taranaki Military Settlers, 15 Taranaki Militia, 124 Taranaki Rifle Volunteer Corps, 12, 125–6, 129 Territorial Force, 20 Thames Native Volunteers, 12, 132 Waikato Military Settler Regiments, 15 Wairoa Rifle Volunteers, 130 Wellington Militia, 122-3 Penang Volunteer Corps, 15 Rhodesia Horse, 1 Royal Malta Regiment of Militia, 1 Singapore Volunteer Rifle Corps, 14 South Africa, Adelaide Mounted Infantry, 148 Alexandra Mounted Rifles, 145, 149 Beaufort West Rifles, 146 Bedford Mounted Rifles, 146 Border Horse, 150 Buffalo Border Guard, 149 Burghersdorp Volunteer Rifles, 146 Cape Irish Rifles, 151 Cape Mounted Rifles, 143–4 1st Cape Mounted Yeomanry, 151 Cape Royal Rifles, 13, 146–8 Cape Town Cavalry, 146–7 Cape Town Highlanders, 13, 151–2

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Index Cape Town Sappers and Miners, 146 Cape Volunteer Artillery, 146, 148 Corps Bastaard Hottentotten, 143 Diamond Fields Artillery, 148 Diamond Fields Horse, 13, 148, 151 Drakenstein Cavalry, 146 Duke of Edinburgh’s Own Volunteer Rifles, 148, 151 Durban Light Infantry, 145 Durban Mounted Reserve, 150 Durban Mounted Rifles, 145 Durban Volunteer Artillery, 149–50 Durban Volunteer Guard, 145 D’Urban Cavalry, 146 Du Toits Pan Hussars, 148 First City Regiment, 151 First City Volunteers, 13 Free Corps, 143 Frontier Armed and Mounted Police, 145 Frontier Light Horse, 150 George Town Mounted Rifles, 146 Grahamstown Volunteer Horse Artillery, 151 Imperial Light Horse, 13 Ixopo Mounted Rifles, 149 Kaffrarian Mounted Rifles, 151 Kaffrarian Rifles, 13, 150–1 Kimberley Light Horse, 148 Kimberley Regiment, 148 Kimberley Rifles, 148, 151 Kimberley Scots, 148 Lakeman’s Volunteers, 144 Lang Kloof Cavalry, 1, 146 Lower Umgeni Rifle Association, 150 Malmesbury Cavalry, 146 Maritzburg Rifles, 149-50 Murraysburg Volunteer Cavalry, 146 Natal Carbineers, 1, 145–7, 149-50, 152 Natal Hussars, 149 Natal Mounted Police, 149 Natal Volunteer Guides, 149 National Coast Rifle Association, 150 National Scouts, 143 Newcastle Mounted Rifles, 149 Oliphants Hoek Volunteers, 146 Paarl Rifles, 146 Pandour Corps, 143

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Vegetius, 3 Venezuelan Crisis (1895-96), 16, 96–7, 99 Vereeniging (1902), Treaty of, 155, 169 Victoria, Queen, 1, 33, 80, 99, 117, 132, 135, 137–8, 147, 160 Vincent, Howard, 158, 170 Villiers-Stuart, H. J. R., 47 Wales, 4-6, 24, 28, 42 Wallace, R. H., 45, 47, 54 Wars American Civil War (1861–65), 9, 11, 27, 80, 87–9

Pietermaritzburg Irregular Horse, 145 Port Elizabeth Volunteer Artillery, 148 Port Elizabeth Volunteer Rifles, 146, 148 Prince Alfred’s Own Volunteer Artillery, 151 Prince Alfred’s Own Volunteer Cavalry, 151 Prince Alfred’s Volunteer Guard, 148, 151 Richmond Rifles, 149 Richmond Mounted Rifles, 146 Rimington’s Guides, 13 Royal D’Urban Rangers, 145 Royal Durban Rifles, 149–50 Scotch Volunteer Corps, 146 South African Constabulary, 20 South African Light Horse, 13 South African Mounted Rifles, 19, 154 Strangar Mounted Rifles, 149 Swellendam Volunteer Rifles, 146 Thorneycroft’s Mounted Infantry, 13 Transvaal Scottish, 153 Transvaal Volunteers, 13, 152 Umvoti Mounted Rifles, 1, 145 Victoria Mounted Rifles, 145, 149 Victoria Rifles, 148 Weenen Yeomanry Cavalry, 149–50 Wynberg and Simon’s Town Cavalry, 146 Wynberg Rifle Volunteer Corps, 148 Uganda Rifles, 46 West African Frontier Force, 46 Uys, Piet, 140

210

Citizen Soldiers and the British Empire, 1837–1902 Russo-Turkish War (1877–78), 2, 27 Seven Years War (1756–63), 5 South African War (1899–1902), 3, 7–8, 10, 12–14, 17–20, 24–5, 27–8, 34, 40, 42, 46, 49, 52–5, 65, 67, 78–80, 96, 98–9, 117–19, 136–7, 141–3, 152–70 Spanish-American War (1898), 9, 97 Suakin Expeditions (1884–85), 2, 7, 16–17, 28, 65 Vietnam War (1965–73), 160 War of 1812 (1812–14), 8, 81, 87 Zulu War (1879), 2, 13, 149–51 Watts, George, 32 Weston, Captain, 108 Mr, 111 Weatherley, Frederick, 150 Wethered, Owen, 31 Whitmore, George, 128, 134 Wicklow, 6th Earl of, 47 Williams, A. T. H., 95 Wilson, Henry, 26, 46 Minden, 111 Wolseley, Garnet, 16, 53, 92, 156 Wood, Evelyn, 150 S. M., 46 Woodington, Major, 104 Worcester, Marquess of, 34 Xhosa, 2, 16, 139–40, 144–8 Zulu, 140–1, 145–6, 149–51

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American War of Independence (1775–83), 7–9, 23, 98 Australian Frontier Wars (1788–1838), 58 Anglo-Transvaal War (1880–81), 16, 142, 156 Bambatha Rebellion (1906), 13, 152 Batlhaping Rebellion (1897), 13, 151–2 Boxer Rebellion (1900), 10, 78 Canadian Rebellion (1837–38), 11, 80, 82–3, 98 Cape Frontier Wars (1702–1878), 2, 13, 16, 139–40, 143–5, 148 Carlist War (1834–37), 123 Crimean War (1854–56), 2, 7, 10–11, 14, 24–6, 44, 49–50, 52–3, 58, 60, 85, 98, 145 English Civil Wars (1642–51), 5, 25 Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), 27, 93 French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1793–1815), 1–2, 5–6, 23–4, 26, 28, 41–2 First World War (1914–18), 3, 21, 39, 79, 91, 96, 119–20, 160 Gun War (1880–81), 13, 148, 151 Indian Mutiny (1857–58), 2, 13, 25, 52–3, 105–11, 119, 145-6, 166 Irish Land War (1881–82), 49 King Philip’s War (1675), 8 Matabeleland Campaign (1896), 55 New Zealand Wars (1845–72), 2, 10, 12–13, 15–16, 60, 91, 121–31, 133 North-west Rebellion (1885), 11, 55, 80, 92–7 Pequot War (1637), 8 Red River Expedition (1870), 91–2 Russo-Japanese War (1904–5), 19

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