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English Presentation by Scott Forster

English Presentation by Scott Forster

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Published by: Scott Forster on Jul 21, 2012
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05/13/2014

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English Presentation by Scott Forster.

“To what extent is it
appropriate to describe children’s early use’s of language as “wrong “or “incorrect”?

We must look for a deeper explanation of what’s going on. The existence of “virtuous errors” is seen as evidence against a Behaviourist language acquisition process as suggested by B. This approach can only get us so far. Skinner.Virtuous Errors. .F. The child’s mind is not merely a device for input and output.     It has been suggested that so called “virtuous errors” are not the result of incorrect language use or mistakes but an unconscious working out of the rules of language. They would not use words in an unorthodox fashion such as “I eated the bread” using eated as a verb. If it were merely the case that children learnt from their parents then they would not make these logical leaps.

and from this the child can interpret the language based on general innate principles known as the Language Acquisition Device (LAD). For this to happen there needs to be a trigger of the child hearing speech . .   For this we turn to Noam Chomsky. According to Chomsky. An example of this is the child realizes that past tense verbs can add the inflection “ed” thus they may add “ed” onto an irregular verb like “run” creating “runned”. Children’s brains are predisposed to learn language but this inclination does not mean a child necessarily will learn language.Chomsky. He also claimed that all humans have basic common principles (Universal Grammar).

.Word order and Deletion.

A child applies an ending.  An example is “wed” instead of “red” with the letter “w”  .  Affixation. This is a form of phonological simplification which helps the child understand and say words easier.  There’s three ways that this can be expressed.g“I thinky I knowy”. Here the word class is changed.  Phonological Substitution. Derivational Morphology  One example of ‘virtuous errors’ is what’s known as Derivational Morphology.  Conversion whereby a child creates new words by applying patterns of language such as “runned” mentioned earlier. e.” I likey”  Compounding.Other features. Joining existing words together to make new words.

    Jean Berko presented imaginary creatures to children. .Wugs. They were asked “what are these?” (asked what plural of Wug would be). They said the creature was a Wug. Here the child is applying what they know about pluralisation to Wug. Younger children struggled but by 4 or 5 most said “Wugs”.

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what was Chomsky’s name for Innate principles? Language Acquisition device 2. 4.What do you remember? 1. what are the three ways Derivation Morphology can be expressed? Compounding. Who conducted the Wugs experiment? Jean Berko . Conversion and Affixation 3. What makes the Behaviourist approach inadequate ? Virtuous Errors.

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