You are on page 1of 18

eeCG G

jQS QdG QdG QJ M d

fCG edG dGh MOdG Hg edG dGh MOdG Q CG

H+-5oH+kI
ngFgH+{1.LH+|u8

Mh eO CH M bh.. eCH fj Gfc dG eOh j jdG hdG


g c H dG G da ...Y GJ a jGh IQdG jGQ M f jW
d jW f G OY IY Y Ie jH dhdGh bCG bdG Th fSdG
e ee a Mh eO dG if GMCG QJ eh ...QGh NGdG dG J
j eh j G M dG dh ...G dG Gg IQb g gjh IQdG jGQ j
SN M Y gGj c Y gGQ e G a Kh ...gGG HM QN hdG H
dG Y LGe QdG d JGdG IdG OYGh NGdG G Y g MdG gda
e GTEGh OG c IMh j dG d Y IAGb G LH dG fCG hjh ...gh
IMh G GYf Gh FG bCH J ch IQdG c LJ c fCW Y IQdG H j
eG e cG dG Y eg cf CGh FdGh dG G fh QdG dG
QN c ch ...OGh bdG MJh dG T G LH dGR e a ...dGh
...FGYCG eN jh IQd Oe N g jQdG gG c IMh

2012 R - HdG OdG

OdG c

jQJ h jQJ Gc e fOH J


VfH LGJ eO ga ,dG JQK
Y MSG f b G h dG
M ggh .SGh Gb b Od T
FY W HQ e QJ fOH We ZGh
.edG e Od T h OdG MSG
jYbh WGO TC KfG jG fh
Y T jH d T fi d
FH J Y LGdG e ,IFdG dG
TG cCHh jQdG WG c Jh
J e UG Y bdG h ,WGO
j fV S dG dG FdG
dh WGh AMGh BGh fG
.VdG e jG c Y jdG
JY Y j bDe jQK eM J G
eG dhdG J : a SSG GeG
Yh IM HfH SCJ IYdGh
.e GeG UG ,dG dG SSG
jG LG e eb jQdG dG IQda
H fYh jQK WGO dhO AHh
jdG FdG SQ jM dhdG Y jd
ac H edG IGhG d h hO
YLG ejH Y IQK gh ,WGG
e e ShG d JQhS QGSGh
jOe jQdG IQdG h ,YLG dGdG
JGdG GH Qj T IQK fC djeEd
IOSG G Yjh eO h e f e
. dG dG Mh bM h VGQG
c e Yj ,bjh ihj dG
bdG MJ G QdG QdG fe
SdG fG e dGh , OGh
e jdG cQJ dG iNG YLGh
SGh WGO h gL QWG Ad jdG
S jdG d ,cGTG aBH Qd
YGh ShG G IG dG IQdG
c dG .YLGh SdG GdG
.d dG

jdG jGHh QdG dG


gG H YLG adGh edG
MGh :IQdG GQT gG M NG
j gh .MGh QdG dG MGh MGh
gh .IQe Wfl e H j eh
N f ,e dG dJ M J
H gH dG aO dG FdG G
q G dh Fb dGR e OjG He
AT Y WC
c G f M N dG Gg e
GWG e G dP Y dG GOQ e
.FdG fd Hb jd IQdG cQe
jdH bdG Gg FG NG dh
AHG H HY Oc GU aG Ng
IMh e j MGdG QdG dG
WGdG LCG eh OGSG V dG
e RJ IMh ,YLG dGdGh
GgG Gd jQSG f N
TG Y dG Y dGh YLG
J G Mc Wh IMh ddG
OJh adG edG H eb GU G
G h dG jQdG IQd Le HV
GdG iS N FW GUh J
.Jeb Hh HYh OH QdG d
d jQdG GAjG
e bfG dh
n
S eG Y gGf MGdG QdG dG
GR e dG MG dP e Lh jdG
e IjY ib eG QOH dHh G
Y cCGh MG g dH
.QdG dG f IMh
JGJh QdG dG ib Yfh
SDJ FOgh IOL GQG SdGh fG
G jJ H GYG G J
H NCJh WGd SSG OG IYGeh
IQd G SdG dG e QYG
Gh IQdG G LG e j eh jQdG
Gg .cG jQJjdH FdG dG
J G IQOG IQhV Y cDf QG
S L h WGO e fi d
.dG b e gj j dG WG

QdG T f TY
2012-07-22
QdG QdG QJ

He Oj H ,dG S d
JG J Y AfG Y eO J G
IQGOG N AYG dG gG ShDhQ Y
H jQJjdG IOdG NOGh .eRG
e J dG dG eY N e L
.dG eY QfGh jdG jJ
IQdG a NO dG NdG ie G
MGVh Mh eO idG G
e Gj GAL Vj VG dG jG
M jQdG gd jQdG dG bdG
eO MGV jQdG LGG Wf hJ
ahH fCch gG c JGOGeGh
Sb L Y SFdG b b dhG
dG eG hd dG HG aH GQhe
T AHG e H fh YGh b
.AjHG
JQK QdG dG gL
JGdG JbWh JGQH Kh Yb Y gh
GH h jDGh GDG H HG Z
bh QJ h dhdGh bG GLG
ZQ FGSG h hdG bG Y jdG
KG YLG VhG dG dG dG dG G
LG TG dG SQ dG jhdGh dG
jhOGh HdG ffG GYd
g GYG g eh AGdGh AGjGh
OL GJ e H hdG G Y LGh
.QG Gg Fa
YdG Ga Y jQdG gG J
jS aH QG e J VG fG

Y S H bdH QdG dG CGH


YGh UGG QdG dG e GT
dG ge gGh ,QdG dG g
q bh q b ,dG T GYG S g
q ah
dG b e dG dhdG H ,
G a f J Ib UH QdG
Y Rh G a ac H J
GMCG IdG e d GYG gh .Fh
dG ILCG Ib H dH j e jOdG
idG H ILG J fc GPG M
fSJ e Y R eh QdG d eG
.V jY
Gg cG jQJcdG dG a
Le W G dh IdG gh GYG
bGG N fG G fi Y NCj dH
QfG UGj ,LQ Z G Id jgG
Y j
q GR eh ,MdG ajh bGdG eG
dhdG NGh IdG IOSG dhfih AdG
. Gh
dG G ej dG QfG AH eY
jQS Y FdG QdG dG d
GQOG dG dS JGQHGh JMH
HdG YG e YGh G
fdG dG QYG fl eh
e LG Z e H M dG ceGh
OJ bG e ej T H f
H dhdG S a NG SDe G
M Th WdG bCG e ,TdG dG
fG cGc JG eM HGh dG

3 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

dG CGdG EG H
jhJ h edG Jfe aH QdG dG h ,jQdG IQdG fG e f h Y GM e
Vf dG OdG WGdG dG ebEH gd VQG U MJ EG j SdG
MG e BG GY EG aVEG ,dP S AGdG BG b h LCG e QdG dG
.dG L H j dG jdG dG f gQjO e GMf jdG Y gf ,G h
ac V De dG M 2012/7/23 ej IgdG EG k L jQdG QfCG LJ kGNCG h
Oj VGh SS efH DG Gg j CG jQdG eCj c PEG ,jQdG VQG WCG
GYCG h edG H GYG j , OdG QSd k SSCG j h ,G jQS ee
fY dG OdG dG V e h ,jQS SSCG fc gG h jdG bCG h
. edG e OY ie Y H W dG dG h AbEG SS e jeCG
MG SdG efdG bCG NCG SG YLG h jQS OdG WdG G EG
VQCG OjE dP h jQdG WdG VQG ib e QGd Me J h fhe a iHCG dG
M e Ea jdG SCd h fG EG ,VQG U Md e CG EG H e gd
M SQe dG FbG dG d kGQGSG j VQG ib H fL e IgdG De
OdG dH QSdG GYG e idG g J N e ,eG OdG N dG
Ve j Gg h , dhdG KGG h GYCd k ah YhG edG bM eCJ h edG jg h
.jQS OdG WdG G fL e SG
VQG ib IMh IQhH HdG be Y cDj jQS OdG WdG G EG c
dG Y Rj d fCG Y k jCG cDj h , jQS fOH H dG LG h bdG MG g
jQdG L a j edG IOe WGO jQS QWEG OdG d YhG edG
. hCG ASG hO bH
2012/7/4

feCG e
jQS OdG WdG d

Sh jdG U 3000 h dG H
..dhdG
e eRCG g eRCG g CG if g eh
e feMh aG WG Y d
Gg CH YTEG Hh Y d Qe
eRCG d TG Z dG g GG
Y CGQ H dG hfi e iNCG dhfi
ObG QGSd MdG edG g AH CH
.jQS gdG

M YT J
2012 /12 /28

k V INCG MG M je T
e Z JQG Xe k jObG
jQdG dG e gZh FGdG OGG QSC
JQG M RdG eRCG X K eh dhGG
Id 1500 G d FdG Y RdG IL S
S Uh M jdG eRCG J GNDeh jQS
.S. 125 EG dG
VGdG dG X eRCG g JCJh
fG M M dG QdG GG
c M AMCG e aCG H GG
e AMCG 5000 EG jgG OGYCG JQG

gG gQE fb
fb dh
zgQG a{
V MW M H cG dG J
QG h dG h dH ,FdG dG
e fh e e cC dG h jdG h
d Yj Ta fd YG fG H ,jQdG
H QS WGe CG j hG GYGh YG
YO J hG zHgQG { YG FfG
fdG GH j H .d je hG jOe
FS d eG d Vj WGe CG
Gd dG YG G .zfdH { JLC
jJh jhJ e J G QfG fb
.IFdG gG
cG d HdG dG bG bh
j fb he GjM 28 G j
eY hCG SQ Xe G zjJ{ Y
C Y J hG zHgQG Y H{ fGOG M
AfG dch cP e H ,zHgQG e{
.zfS{ SdG jQdG
L bCG dG G fS dbh
jJ G fdG he{ dG gY
feMh (...) dhdG Xe hCG eY c
jYdG G c eh JGdGh LCG e
hG HgQG Y H dH fGOG K M
Y J hG HgQG YG G fG
.ze hG Oe
jdG jYG Y jG fdG Gg jh
fGOG K GPG jYdG JGhQ e ej
c AGS HgQEG Y CH dH{ Fb H
efG hG jT hG Ne hG Vfi hG Ya
Oe Y CG J hG HgQG YG G
.zTCG e T CH d e hCG
,dcdG cP e H ,fdG jh
jM j e c Y HdG jJ
e Yh ,zje hG jL jJ{ SQh
Y iNG UJ dcdG cJ h .ja j
.fdG Gg
dG fGb YJ d FdG dG d
Hh b dG LGj dG gh ,TdG
.IQOf dH
G SG G f J h IQdG S
.JSDeh fGb c h SdGh

.zeeG G j g{

4 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

:G QdG G
dG dG EG FZhdG IdG e
EGh FGdGh jOCG fl eh ,IG
MCG N W c dG NG
J SCh ,L e jQS FGdG
G Hh dG Wh dG SH
FdG e WV Qc dZ dG L dG
GhOCH dG JS J k hfi jdG
dH g a .fK L e ,FW
g dGh G jQCGh IdG AMCG AHCG
e cCG dG LGJ dGh GgJ cCG
.dG GLEGh dG
C ,dG Y Va W ch
d fG EG WG J AHCG e AL
Y YaO dG Mh G G Y
dG GgG Y k YaOh Weh gCG
,dG Gg M aHh J d e dG
jQdG id e QK a dg CG M
Gg j ,G G Gh G
,IQdG Gh dG HdG eH dG
e CGH dG dG IQdG HW Y j hCa
dGh ,dG M Ge GR h 2011 QGPBG
.dG Y Gjh bGdG Va dM Y j
Fc H dG GM S dg
H d ,Y e Fc hCG G G
J j jdGh J cCG jdG
Y e ,G Fc GT HgQEH
Fczh zdG OH IdG L{ dP
hM cP g G e Qh .zdG QGMCG
G Gh dG H aNGh ce
ILh Ia e M OJ e e e cCG
dG aQ KG Y edG GG M
jQG UCG jh .AGOdG eYC
fH eEG G G SG EG SdG
.HQ hCG ,NGO e QhO dh dEG
J FdG e dG CG G eh
G W EG dZ Oj Ggh ,jO ASCH
d ,eSEG dG QEGh jG QdG
Y d IPT J Me
H j FW IY Y Jh G G
G d ,QG HdG dG
dG IQdG N Y kGH H FdG
IQdG GgCG j dG TGh VGdGh

VQCG e Gh eG SCG g fCGh


Ggeh jQJh AbUCGh Tf Y bGdG
g dH Yeh ADd T Qh
.Kq e

G QdG G
JCf hX
G hCG g SW GRdG Y HdG c
h ,2011 GjM 7 jQH dG L Y
gh bfG SCG Y YCG Qe J
d JGgeh ffEG Z G SQ
ib QRh G UUdH YQO Gge
JQG dG SLh QRCGh fCG e YQO
cQG ad f bfG c PEG .G
jM LCh ,QRG JQGh dG
b QGSG eh .b c WdGh WGG
JQGh dGh UUdH dG GgG
CGHh G Y bfG dGJ ,QRG
T h .G e Fch Y J
f j G Y fG Qj e c CG
d FY IMh JM Ga N ITe
c fa .g dG a IOH G
,WGG dG Mhh d W f
QRG JJ e AHCG g G OGaCG CG M
Gg AHCG fch .NBG AT CG b H
MH eJ dG ch ,G G
G eCG j fch ,G Gg dH
iOCG ,dG M hCG jQS QN dG iS
Y Jh bfG EG dP c
QdG G{ SG M Y WCG ,Fch
U e g JLhCG dG jOG hda .zG
.JGP dG

e IgX hCG dM e be j jf eY
hdG h SGQO Y Ea ,G
,jJ ,hdG g geh JLhCG dG
CG CG ,bGdG e JYJh JbYh ,J
e bd ah ,JGd ah GQOEG jd j
.bGdG
,G G zIgX{ e be Of dh
ge K ,JLhCG dG hdG f CG j
bY K eh ,jJh Wh G Gg
JWJQGh JbYh ,RaCG dG bGdG e
.eY
FSh J M EG f CG ,jGH
zaW{ j M ,QdG Cd YEG
QdG YEG L a ,RHCG g
eYEG FSdG e OYh fdG Ibh SdG
Rj iNCG L eh ,d IjDG iNCG
jdG Lh Yh ,HdGh G YEG
jg CG cDG eh ,HdGh IjG Jb RJ
Je dHh e fC HJ zadG{
Ea Ggh ,dG g Y J SS H
YVe j CG aH YEG Gg
ah eG ASG Y f d
jJ
J YG FSh HMh da ,FG
GMCG QJ
q SdG JWJQ k J
Y IQY UCG g G a ,fTCG c e YOq G e ,e J IOfi jH
dGh G Gh idG AHCG e e
.YVe
ADg .ShDhQ Y Jh gCG jh j Y Gh eG ASG e H ,dHh
dG AHCG e g MdG dH G .bKe dSCG Y ITe bGdG e G

5 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G


,f IQdG J ch) JQK Yh G
,H q eo VG AMCG e J dG gh
l
?kGM L
fEG qCG mYH Jh eJh
dP EG VCG .(IQdGh adG ,eY e
G OLh eSEG dUCG H SG
Y dg CG c ,gQaCG SQ G
e SQd G G EG FfG YJ ADg e
.G d T YH fi ,SQ

QG e bY
S) NGdG e g dG e CG ZQ
f e FGO d ,(AGT ,FZ ,G
e .G G Jh YH dJ GYO
dG Kh Z bY fc G G QX
dG M dGRh ,QdG WdG G e
NCq Jh
q WdG a ,IM OGRh H
dG dG Ze VQ M Gc
YT Y d S ,G H GYH
GYG ZQh .QdG dG Y G
G j H bdG WJ UGdGh
e Y WdG d G GQdG g G
,VQG Hh YEG FSh H YJ
dP Y MCG e dG G G Yh
q
,GQGJh GQGe G QdG Y Y
c
q
:UG Gg IQG GQdG eh
.OG QGK j .. OdG Af j
G IOb SCG a ,HS cP ch
LGG SCG VjQ dG NGdG G
H fcj e gh ,JHM e cJ
dhdG bGG h .k jCG T WdG G
G d fq CG OLh Y if HdG
VJ hdG J HMh deh ,G
e S fCG iJ a ,bG Gg
HdG U
q bh .dG He M SS
gOYH eO ceCG G cCG
j e ,IYdH Je q G VQG CG
G Ah M IG jdG T EG
J L jJ a ,d YO M d G
c .G G dP h ,Yd H
jQS jQdG bJ d j AT fCG
dG dG Jh Sh SCG S H
M Y VJ jG HdGh ,gOq J
,IjL S J Y IQdG Y dG
Gjh ,G hOh .e GR Qda
IQd eYEG gjCJ ZQ ,bh jOdG

ddG dG Y dG

,GG VQCG EG La G G SH
,YEG dh cG VQCG Y dh
bh ,f EG SCG VjQ EG bh
jdG WCG ,Hj jdG g fOhCG EG
Rj ,dd .Gh OdG j
SCG Vjd HJ G G CG QYG bWEG
.SCG VjQ WJQG c Jeh

WGO fe dhO ebE J fCG Y


e FdG dG Gg j dd ,jQdG
LJ UCH Qfih b JG FdG
g dd ,he T SS Yh hP hCG S
Y AG Jh ,G G Y M J
q
.d j H g dG
e g G G CG h ,jT QNH
a ,SGh IdG JH G Gg AHCG
SdG JHh bNCGh jH j
QdG G e bY
c Gh
OdG jq G a ,YJh
q
dGh RQdGh dG
,G G fHh jQJ oJ c
q ah ,dG a
eL Wh N Me Y H Y IQU a OdGh HdGh Gh
.G G
cCG e dG H ,FdG d GfGh
G G Gg HG a ,FdG f Y
J
QhdG jO h .FdG EG QGG aQ dG
WdG Gh YdG ie Y VGh e
dG a ,G G H j dG J G e H dG e c
G G OGaCG Y fGb QUCG QhdG jO YG MJh G d J g
Y C VdG
q -1 :e H cPCG dG dG H dP Jjh ,a G
-2 cTGh adG M EG M dHh ,jQS We e W dG
;MCG Y dGh G d LGM ebEG beh IOe We G Y bfG
j H eEG EG H ,d fl b -3 eCG dG b Ch ,ST ae J
VdG
q -4 ;gCG EG Jh HV be Y Va dG QG fh ,FSGh jb
G G OGaCG Y-5 ;QhdG jO jd ddG JG HU EG aVEG ,fl e
W Yh (Hh AGT ,AH ,OM) dG Yh JG FSh bh bGe H
T CG b Y-6 ;gCG e GYe fG EG aVEGh ,jM JG ILCG qaJ
N e hCG G jdG EG G H dd G WH G YG
G b bh .OQeh e G j eg J G G QYG
dG OH QhdG jO Me G bGh IG G Y Y FJ
.gh g
ddG e dhd HJ YQe dGh
,JOc dGh eCG b e bM e U Y f J M a dP ZQ
LGh AGdG Y fEG jRH Gebh gQEGh V f ,INCG IdG dG
.G fh ,L e eCG SDG Jh
GOYh M G G Y Ib XJ
G G j JUfi J dG G
jhOCG e ,gCd SSCG LG eCJ Y YG g OL Ya ,GQfGh
QRGh dG M h ,eh Wh ,IFdG jQdG WG Yh f J
JH eGh HG PfEG Y j .aG U Y jY d a
JfeEH idGh AMCGh G jH jh g hH G G j dP ZQ d
dM Gc T adEG dd .VGG YG d eL J hCG M J
GQT edG GgG h ,WG J jQe jCG Y GH j e Ggh ,G
.gj fCG j SS
.G d YGOh jjDe
dGh cJ LGG SCG VjQ dG
b e GOfEG f ,iNCG Mf e
H j SQ Tfh VQeh gCG aQh ASG dM LGj G d GFb jo
G Y c TCG gh ,G G IOa ,NGdH G G e Y e
,SQG g OLh f G Z eh .G b GNDe J dG NGdG G G
,SdG hdGh jQS IOLG Vda NGdG IOb CG dbh SCG Y M
dG M OY N jdG d aVEH PJGh fdG QGUEG d j e gMh g
Y J CG H ,G Y G dG OGQCG e CGh ,G G SH GQGdG

6 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

HGdG dG J
bGdG a ,G G Ydh jQdG
aH T aJ EG j Ggh ,Yj
gf IQdG OGeG e aN EG aVEG ,ceCG
NGdG IQGRh QUCG a .dG S H
IOe eCG eGhCG 5-28 jQH jOdG
Gh QdG d dG M bH
Y FdG e N GJ NCGh ,G
,jQd YJ CG L H G
.bG FW
Y dSGh dG G G HW EG
Gd GL e eCG g WdG G IS
.G fCdh djeG hd c G

JGP f
Ia Mh jQdG IQdG jGH e c
IQdG e dG fG CH eDhCG ILh
ae Y jCGQ HCG ch ,H VC
q Ge cCG g
e G G M Y geh Te
gZh hYHH M e Y jCGh ,Mf
ejh j c dG CG (X c) M
OLh H hCG G G Y AdG LC
S G G c dHh ,bCG Y g
q dG dGh Qed
gZh hYHH M
hj EG ,Q e H U dG Gg j
S d eY hCG G G OLh CG L
q
edG FGdG dGh QRG e dG
HCG dG JQG a .fl ibh e Y
bh G d a LGJ ceCG QRG
GY Sh FGY H ibh fe b
b a bh ,a dG fG e AGdG
G G dd .SSCG e G G OLh
..QRG dGh edGh dG S g d
Gh .G G OLh S g dP H
H ,LQN j Y J hCG Va j G
,J Ff Va e g hdG fc
.e GQhO d OLh q J bGda
Lh T IQK g jQdG IQdG G
LG e gh ,dG PCGh aCGh f f
dG dG FSdG L eSG WSEG
dd ,gQJ TCG N IQdG JHG
GgdG jM EG g dG dG c
g ,IQdG QJ MGe MG c ,dG
.dG SEG M QdH S dG IQdG
2012-6-13

Y RM

FGO IQK EG ,kM ,jQdG IQdG d


HSCG ,iNCG HY GQd k LPh
...G EG G e ,eOdG TCGh
EG j k dfG k fH J CG Vjo GQK
ShCG WEG Hh) ,SdG WGdG G
kGQSO J SCJ L fGh ,jG
IFGdGh ,dG SSCG Y ,kGjL k jQK k fY
d YdG G GMGh ,IMGdG WdG
CGdG M e ,JEGh edG bCG
j UHh) ,nWdG n G ,(d Gh
dG dG M Ifeh ,G
,jQdG VQCG ec Y G jJh IOdG
IdG d iNCG HdG dGh
k a ,(JGhKh VQCG Y djeEG
G Y
bCG d j ,YLG-jObG
.YLG dGdG e Qb
H FdG QdG dGh ,ihj dG
j c e M JQK UGj CG e
,Gh , AGdG BG j gh ,k M ,dEG
.HGh , MGh
FGO IQK EG ,k M ,jQdG IQdG d

ZGO c

eb-OQdG dG
IMG G J
(SG) QG OQdG dG
jQS OQdG dG J OG
QdG WdG NBdG J
QdG OQdG WdG dG
edG-jG T J
jQS OQdG dG h dG HGQ
OQdG d (N) cM
OQc SS Tf h Jc /GOQhH BGe
OQc SS Tf / MCG jdGf
OQc SS Tf/ gGHG GRg
OQc SS Tf / gO dGY
OQc Jc / SdG gGHG
OQc SS Tf/ OGe QGOS
OQc SS Tf / he gGHG
OQc SS Tf/ M HZ
OQc SS Tf/ M H
OQc SS Tf/ ShG ag
OQc SS Tf/ LM eS
OQc SS Tf/ Y GL
OQc Jc / e H
OQc bM Tf /Sj GL
OQc SS Tf / MdGY
d Le / aY g
OQc SS Tf / ST QhS
OQc U / SdG jCG
OQc SS Tf / dG GRdGY
OQc e Tf / S SjQ
ShCG dG a zU H U{ e
fGhQ-jQS CGdG e Y adG e

,NGdG ,IQd IOG idG Y k


qo
GfcCG) ,jQS QN ,NCG LHh , k jCG dh
LdG G ,iNCG hd HJ CG ,jQS
,djeEG hdG hCG ,GQhOhdH G
Ub ,(fdG dhdG U Y hCG
g ,VLEGh ,jQdG dG IQdG
,QdG dG YGJ e kGL bdG dG
, G ,jQdG gCG IQOe Y Z
,dG bGe ch ,eGh ,Gh ,YQGh
J EG ,G dG TCGh ,dGh
SG Y S dG ,dG f
GfcCG ,AGYCG c V bGG J Y adG
V S h ,LQN e hCG , dG Uo e
c eGdG ,dGh ,gGh FdG c
Y ,LQN NJ CG V c ,OG
.NBG T CG hCG ,SS hCG ,mUH
dG jfCG J CG e H dG g
eM d jdG Y ,IG jQdG
gREG S dG ,dfG G J jQK
IOd dG dG SCH dG Vh
k e J jQK WGO fY jQS

dG CGdG EG H
Y dG M YTEGh jOMCG JGJ
Y .OdG bdG G OGcCG fG
e UY IjG We dM LGj fCG
UYh ,jQdG IQdG G G G
bh OdG QOZ b fc e jY
j L gh .dM OYh HS
.dG SEG g MGh g
jb W BG MCG OQGh dh
SG Z AT CH IQdG Th ,fc
.WdG JMhh gCG S Y Gh dG
GH f ,Oc QK Gc fh
W VGh be YEG OdG SdG
dG SEGh jQdG IQdG e AGS ,QfG
d ,dM IG YTEG M e hCG
fVJ e J b QeCH QGdGh IQdG TEG
fe iNCG jdG Lh ,ag IMhh
cDf fCG c.dG SEG H IjG jQS
U LH d jQS OQdG dG CG
.jdG bCG d MCG e Wh
2012/7/21jQS

7 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

jfGQdG dGh IeGDG jf


...G G Y Fb YLCG jdG
Y jG YJ gh ...d hYh gj dG
SdGh YLCG dG Y dG jJ
,dP jJ HdG hdG C e f)
(...,dP jj QSG C hDho f k jCG
QGTCG g) SdG bGd H ,k f
d hjj h fj h e fG hjj
H IeGDG jf YJ (H jQSh G
GMCd dG jdG dG Y UTCG
be f JGdG VdG
p e d UdGh
OLh Gf H GMCG e PG dG
k UCG GMCG
Y f aO dBG g QfEa .
Lj h IeGDe f g jo e c ...fCG
d GG OdG j Ggh UCG AT
be f dG fCJ dM e QJcdG
...FG hG jDG hG edG
ODj IeGDe OLH OYG Gg CG h
(dGh oG H aGJ g) f MGd
jCG Y OHH cd GG OdG j
c Y OHG) ee Qe hCG ee
jf Mj (dGh HdG FdG G
jo e f JJ dM EG ODjh IeGDG
Gd .zcSh dG QaCG H bdG{
e QNCG S hjj hjDG UTCG
h HdG h 24fa e h S G
dH a SdG YG a ... h IjG
fCG jo M YCd joG Qc d
FN Gdh dPe Gdh AL Gd
Wh g dH FW Gdh jQYe
dG jo dG fdG IeGDd aGQ
G jfGQdG QaCG e H V
hj OdG ,Y eBj dG :HdG
hH HdGh NCG fY f ,dG Y
jCG 11 GMCG ,QJ dG fd ,NG
jh SCG Y eBj dG ,...IHe
c ,dG Y JSh fSG b ,e
,IeGDe HdG HdG ,jeCG b e Heo AT
, IeGDe Y H S ,IeGDe GdG S
Heo h IeGDe AT c...,IeGDe Qe S
dG..ShQeh

eG GY

(OGM oJh k ah GMCG jJh


jn e c.3 j e d N IOGQEG g.2
k UCG OLe Z d
..T e..e)
d j e H N bY g.4 (c
.G IOGQEGh (GMCG)
S YLCG dG Y H
d IeGDG jf (1987) aSe
:MGh BG f h YLG h SS FXh
g J jQJcdG ddG fCG ,k SS
ad (SdG jfGQdG e f) jdG
fCG g f hj e a gOLh Y
IeGDe jo h eBe g jdG jQJcdG
EG dG QJjO f Lj .LQN
,g ,dS :LQG IeGDH VQe JCGh
,GdG ,Y H ,GU ,ThJ ,TH
Sa cQH FQ M....dU GY Y
dG efG eh .Y eBdH dG JG
QGdG g SdG bE fCG g eJ
VY dhfih IeGDG Y jG IOYEG h
deo h e H G bdGh GMCG
efc) G YEG FSh jW Y H
QGdG fe .(fdG Id eYG dG
QaCG H Y OdG
EG jGdG ODj
q
gh QT H QaCG g q J dHh
.d j e FH H hOOj dGG if
e f OjEG Y jdG g YJ ,k YLG

TCG MCG gh ,f Ve g jfGQdG


h zdG gdG{ HdG dH jo e
e ...eBdGh OVG IY MCG H
dh Gh HdG jdG VG Gg VGYCG
IQdG M e k S hj b k jgX jG
Y JSG j fCG Z SGh dG
G dG ...bGh Z OGMh ghCG
Y eBj dM e L CG j VG GH
GeGDe cM Y e dG jj Gh
FGO QT jd VG GH oG ...N
jOLe Gfj EGh AGYCG b e jdH
hCG jfGQdG dG ...gOjEH j ,bGdG
o
jNBd JG jSh b QM j gdG
...CGdG dj UNh Y eBdH
.V GeGDG jh j G d dH
dG g VG Gg Y J e hCGh
e ...1879 aGc a OQjQ CG
j dG ,YLG dG Y f Lh
CGh JGdG h YVG H dG Y CGe Y
,MGh BG YLGh jOa g f dM c
dM J CG eBdG IY hCG jfGQdG
Y .o YVe X Y f YLG
HQCG OM jJ jQfCG H fdG LG
QJ{ Hc IeGDG jf Y J Oe
gh :2006 Y QG zdG IeGDG
o Y g) ShQeh Hq eo AT c.1

8 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

g H

dG G je CH
jQS
dG ZG gNBG ch dG G
,SM cM Ob MG LZ c
jH Geb M QGf fG HCG`H hG
UJ ANE de GMG GdhMh G M
.dG L
MH jQS G dG J PEGh
IMh GKG jdG dG INCd RdG
YG J fEa ,IQdG fG e dG
,jQS dG H eGLG dG
e J d FdG dG hfi CG cDJh
cG eBGh BGh jNCG bdG UGhCG
.dG H
g G dG CG iNCG Ie cDfh c
Gh VQCG LSG Y QOdG Mh
IMGh g dG e cG CGh ,HG
.a h jQS
CG d j bGdG KCG d
Y TYG dG OdGh fG GAYOG
e iS J eY HQG e QdG dG
dG Q KG c ,dG OS
UH EG dEG j QdG dG CG GQGe
,dhdGh bG JgGe Sd bQh
dG S Y Qj d T j ef CGh
jPcCG Jh AH S dG
eY L J dGh eYG fG
bTh HCG dG WGY SG
UUdG eCG jQdG gQhH Ld Wd
G OhM Y e FGSEG
.jdG M Ia GW eU X dG
JYO G dG O PEGh
QGG H dGh QdG jQd
dG bh fEa dG GRGSG AGQh
dGh jQdG eGdG IQK fH dG
T FG Qj e dG g M eb
G fl G e Gh
KZEG OG k dY QJh c ,dG
FdG AGjEH j dGh dG
jQS NGO e Gh OG YdGh IG
.LQNh

2012/6/28

Gj h IQdG jGH e QdG dG CGO


Oh dG Qf TEG IQdG Jhfi Y
dhfi QdG YLG dG aSCG
GdG gQe Y jQdG IQdG e
dhdG V dGdGh eGdGh jG d
.IOG fG
JBG G OdG J Jhfi CG ZQh
dG g M dH AH b gCG M
dGh FGdG dG dGh YdG H
g Va dG GRhdG H e j
dG GhOG b e SQG dGh dG
Nh bdG Y gGj GR dG G EG ,
aG Jhfi gNBG dh YGdG
Y dGh jQdG H dG Qf TEG
HGdG UCG e dG e UY
jM H GQG Weh Qh FG
JT Nh b OGM cah G

jQdG YdG J

c JMh
QfG H

G fH jQJ e dG bdG Gg
idG ac dG IQdG J M jQS
dG dG dBGh HdG LG Gh
HdG Hh dG LGe H Jh
eH HdG J ,dGh SCdG e dM
Vah eG gQH e idGh G
KGh OhQdGh QdG IH dG Y S
ZQ HdG d T VQ Y jG
T KGh dG c ZQh FG MGa
Ge IG JQK GgG M Ve fG
... J dG JOGQGh JGdG Gb Y
idGh QGMG YdG H f fG
dGh ddG h IQd jG SdG
SdG G G UYh TdGh AMGh
... e bh CG e cG IMGh Gj f Gh
CH QdG G UY c dfh
d GhOj Gh dG IQd Gj
dG H e G jQS j dG
Th gG f QdG G jG , G
b IGOG GfJ d J d SG FMh
fl Gfch AahG Gfc fi FGR a H
J SM YS fG , Th Wd
T J S OG c aJ
.eG HdG M e UG
2012/7/19 - eO

jQdG YdG J

9 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

idG idG je :jQS

b Y j GG Gg a ,G h .zS
j J QGL L ,L e IGhG
T ehe ,iNG L eh T Y HM
IMh JM Y aGJ dG Sh e
.FdG dG
ING HSG dG dG J G
N VLEH ZQ Y J IFdG G V
fH{ J GAGLG Y J dG ,fG
.H j d ,zS WGO
dG dG Y f ,Y bdG
AMh IG jdG H Vhe
jeG LQG YCG a ,e c
hGj S eHhGh JH G GjM 15
VdG M gf Lh aN{ M
jdG hdG b De eg Y QdG
Ojh ,zGjM 20 G G
gQGM HS GdG G{ f jdG
.zSG H e M fG JGSG M
J ShdG eG a ,bGdG h
LQN jRh YCG M ,jQS Gg
J d eM G{ GjM 10 ha
,IdG GSG N e QdG dG H
AL G SG QH MQ VQJ dh
.zfCG jQdG H QGM N MQ
jQJcdG Mh e c aJ OCG d
JGSG-G bGh T V HM
G) jdG VQG jRfGh jQd
ja OdG L G (dG gh WdG
dhG ,dG h dG djeG QGd
H Yj hNCGh dG Yj
dG j M .d dGG YG
jQdG dG Gbh dG JH FdG
jdG eG ADg g NGh G dG
.fOH e c M Y YQj
H g jQS e G g ,Sj e d
jCG ,Sj G j d dG QdG T jG
SG e h j c j g h ,e d ,c
e jQdG IQhda ,jH T S g
YLG dGdGh eGdGh jG LCG
dh .cCdH ,Fg H Ge eJ
QN UG OdG Me f e cG
.cG dG IS
IQdG M S dG a ,jdG h
.jQdG dG

f Z

SCG CG W J h .OY H QJ
gG ShCG YdG e hQ H G e
idG jRGe J dhfi bCG Y hCG
.IQdG S dhfi a G Gg ,GG
J e HG GJ e cG dG dh
gJ BG C ,QcG ag Y
c .G jCG gJ G eh ,ej
IQbh J cCG G QdG G UCG
.eG jdG GMdG ehe Y
M a ,d dH GSCG H g eh
.H eh GjM 16 eY HGVG T
.f eO je HGVG G aVG
G jQd SG QJcdG j dh
FG hdG j G M M MS
SQGh ,d cG e ehe d
G FdG HdG hP J Gh dG
. f W e Y a OQ N G aJ
,Ghah b SG CG G dG ,QNHh
L ee c ,dS h b MH
cG J b gCG M L G OdG
.FW H g
gCG M Gg CG SG CG W Jh
.fS AH LCG e GNCG Lfl d S
Oe GG eb dG NG dG j e Ggh
M , zbDG dG{ QGd jJ
VQGh dG) GdG W c G{ YCG
M G dG ZdG G Gj (jQdG

d e M G jQS dG ie Uh
H h .2011 QGPCG 15 IQdG fG e
,bGeh fCG c N CH jdG QGbG e
b ,dG bh g e hCG dG c dG
.jQP a a
Uh e ,AGdG OY Rh a
,FdG f e IG CG bGe
bJ e c jGJ OdG h GT 3500
SCd eGSG h d jdG G
.e H dG
bGG ja FQ Oe GG OOj h
jJ dH QGbG e f dhdG
YCG eY eO GjM 16 QOdG
dG YCG jGJ H bDG bdG{
.zfG bGG d Vj dG
G GdG a HJ dG bdG Gg
c V eT M JGSG jQJcd
jG M a VJ M ,IFdG WG
e AMCG e a J e UCH hCG ,jG
b h b Y G ,jdG e hJ GJ
.HSCG e Ieh ej
VCG b fG VdG a ,dHh
ehO S h eO MGa , jhSCe e cCG
YQOh QhdG jOh M jQh dOCG dch
dG QRa .G d VJ bPdGh
e ,fG H dG e JJ
UG ,gZ h Gh jQM h dG QR

10 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

dG ehO
Hh ,IjT HH(GjM 29) MQdG
H e jG e ,IY hfi
gCG g dG ehO ...dG ehO INBG
,fldG jQS e iNBG Wc ,IY e
,iL Y M jd SG ,dGh
dh ,jhSCe IQU eeCG SQ ,jh
ad ,GL Gc H ,Gc,Jje e aQ
...Gh ,d gh ,eJh ,SdG
T ,fl bh ,UN KCG ,dG ehd
fG Ge ...,dH ,GdGh UdG d
LN e ...fl fc AdG eh ,IQd
dH ehO dG Y ...GgdG cCG
...AdG G dG j c dG RdG
fY QcdG QdG dG HH aYh
M dG ,VG ...jdGh CG ...gh
e a LN IgJ hCG cCG Y
...dG ge
fPe fc ...eMCG MG ehO
N a ...edG jOYh ,G eBG
g ...feCG Y AbUCGh INCG CGh ,eMCG
Y ...bh ...OGSG hO d GQU SQ
...ffEG eGdGh jG e
Oj... jQdG G jQdG e HJ ehO
GhCdG ,MCG a j ,Y Mjh gCG
jQ We Y GYRJ hCG ,IQhG JdG G
....( eCG e H G) ,feCG cBG ,eO
S gOeQ e dh... ehO
.... AdG FW
e ...IHdG ,dG ,IedG ehO e
feCG cJ M ...G ZU S g
VQCG j ,Y Y C e MQ RY
e j a ,dG j HdCH Y Wh ,H
j gh SG Th ,gCGH d j CG
j CG hj M H j ,jd
a CG e J Uh ,N e
.... jW JfG d ,SY
cGdH aW eO ,e j b ...ehO
H Y ...ZCG dG ehO ...Z
J ...ej d gCG LS ...ehO
dGh ...OZJh ,MGL Jh ,YeO
... MS eG
fYe ...jb ehO fYe ...GU
GL jbh ...jb jG e

N MG MdG Y

TY a . dH ?YdG e MGh ie
fl eCG b X gY GW gG
e f j ,a Jh eYEG LJh
gG Yb H YdG ie hdG
dG jYOh QaCH KCdG LQd k J ,Hh
f jd gG CG VaG GPEGh .cG
HGh G SG SG ,YdG e LQdG
Q fc h jdG IdG g GW G
.IdG J c GW j G
e Ic Yb cCdH g CG EG
QdG YdG e e ie Y gG
dG dGhCG JM W f cG dG
VN dG dG GN hCG J
.OGSGh dG S V VG
SCG gCG MCG g YdG hdG Gg
H Mj QK M OLh J dG
,e eG YdG N c gG
eRY j e IHGh QGUEG e jd dGh
.jdG M IQdG SG Y
(e ) dG J ,iNCG Mf eh
,FdG zYLG{ LMG e dG
Gfh QhL e dG b J dGh
e ZdHh .IQd jQG dG e jG
eVh YLG LMG JG
iNCG g IMe d fCG EG ,gOY
LQ Sh d HV J IMGh cM
.Fb GJ dG YCG
j QK M Z X dP j d
MJ Y QObh ,YLG IQdG he
hOh ,g hO IQdG g jW gG
d IjG RedGh TCG GfG
dG SdG f J dGh cG
.jL K
gG e V Yb ,dG
eSG Y IQdG ,k HWh k Y ,jG
M X fj Gfc dG IG HCjh
,IQG jQdG bdG g .G QJjdG
AGdG J S ,MGh G MJ EG
.Qdc
gG b SG QdG G ah
,edG dG ee h ,VG jQdG
dG g LCG e gMJ j dG g
G ZC Rj jL f AHh G
g g ..eh AGah Mah Y e
cG dGh ..AHh g Y :IQdG
ef Jh a gG eCG ,SCG c
g MSh ..SG MS eG GPEG jG
.d jW jh gTj dG QdG G

cGTG AH dCG

..QdG G
e hCG IM

,jW S e ,jQdG cGTG Vj


c PEG GP .fGH k jQK k HM AH LCG e
CG hO CGH f IQdG CG W AdG Gg
GP ?G Gg e AH cGTG j
?QhO g eh ,QK M AH j
J J IQd gGdG dG EG
CGH a .DhdG g aT HLEG
e gZh jQSh eh fJ IQdG
YSG bY VfH G GdG
MWEG ,JJh gOH ,gG a
dG G STCGh YCG e QJjH
CG Uh .(dh dGh fJh e )
) QJjdG Y QfH fG VfG
EG d f VfG d ,(e , e
YGb SQ dG da ;eT IQd jGH
dGh ,BG EG k Fb GR k eY KK GW
CG Pfh Ib e e H cG
.HSCG hCG jCG H dH J
jEG G dG H h a dd
AdG g J M ,dG e eh IQdG
dG g .FG e Qb bCH QGSGh
eGS Ie Fg b GhOCG jd Gj
eYEG ILCG J GJ h ,IQdG V
.KCdG IjTh PdG jS
c LGe jd a ,gG eCG
g a IMdG gh ,JMh iS dP
dG f eCG OdG e S dG
dG gh ,IOG JQK dG j dG cG
MUEG IQdG H dG e S
e b e e c ,JM Y jQL
.Qe dG SCGQ SEG
Y fGH gG c J g d

11 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G


dG GYO jdG ,FGdG fl ASDhQ g
.IQdG AH e UNh VG GYCG GW
bY GebCG eCG ILCGh QdG dG
UN ,jdG SDG e jObGh SS
.fdG dG YCG dG FdG e
Ya c jdG ddG dG jh
LCG OadG eCG QdG G G
.OdG QhJ dG
VG OdG GYCG GW S ch
e Gch .d fdG IQdG e be
G jdG GOG Jh SG
bGG AH jGJ fL EG dP c ,jdG
dP aGJh .dG Mh fdG e jdG
HOCG dG Y Y HbQ GAGLEG e
dD jhdG fG bh ,dG YCGh
SCG jGJh G aQ Y jJ jO
,ffEG dG UN .dG dG
,dG gGdG d jO LGe EG dMEG Y
BG IY e cCG H .adGh YLG
e cCG Yh .jdG SQGG eh Ge
adG cGG jO LQ SCGj GDe 200
.2007 Y N SSCG G
.FdG dG f RY ,f bdG
Y d FW je H G Hh
e g jG ZCG CG M h .Fh
jdG j ,dG gOGJ H dG
.dGh AJdG e idG dG
Fb dP c a dG Ea ,dP e
YO fL EG ,YO j dG ,FHdG Y
Gh dG jRGLdG e ,eCG ILCG
SdG e OSG dG ,eOh M
H dGh .INCG GdG dGddG
,fl bY N e GAdG e T
FGdG fl e OGaCG e ,jObG UNh
.YCG jCGQ c

FGSEG LGj djeEd ge f


?dGh

djeEd ge fCG QdG dG QU dh


ah d ehd YO N e
HN bGe ReQ WCGh ,IjY Gd
bGG g dh .FGSEG VQe GL jb
Y EGh ,djeEd gG OG Y J
d dPh .cG d dG dG
idG RGJ Y a ,dG jQGSGh eCG
IOS FGSG e SeHdG VhG
.dG GY e G G e

gV RL

dG W a :jQS
jQdG IQhdGh

d 1991 Y QOdG 10 bQ SG gSh


M .dGeCG Z fH YG
Y QMh UG d QSH S
,dhdG IS d OGSGh jdG
OdG f QGSGh FGKEH dP gS
dG SJ QX dG T .edG
Y dG OG ILGdG|d IjG
jRGLdG e LdG e WGbhdG efG
.UG jRGLdG ,dG
GQMG AH S G Qe
,SCG QH QbCG e Y e IjL
.eGh dG IOL a LGJ bh
dGddG jObG MUEG g S
.AZCGh AjbCG dd ObG Y ASH
dd c edG SDG N Qeh
bdG .dH Kh U Y OGaCG e b
dG e Y jW Y G dG ,Y
Jeh eO UQH ,eCdG cT ,UG
.adG
jRGLdG dG dGddG SdG VQCG
G hO e UN ,fLCG jGh
Yh QdG ObG j N eh ,HdG
f OGR jQdG e dG ddG M
EG aVEH .G dJ JQGh dG
Y H YGQdGh dG dG LGJ ,dP
dG eCG ,gjd da JGSG OLh
dH Sh FGdG OdG SG Oj
FGdG dG QSCG G JQG H
.SSCG FGdG Zh
dG YGdG iNCG SSCG IcdG

Y jQS -jG aGZ SCG U Y


jdG
SG jGH eh jQS jQdG IhdG
ga fCG Mh QdG H b e QH
JGh ,G hO H GQdG Qe Y
LdG hdGh dG jj IeGDe fH
ZdG Y SCd SG QG Gg .jOdc
NdG a aQ e eh .dG GLEG e
.IQdG YO jCG GaQ d ,LQG dG
jQS LQG dG NdG VQe
eY d e bGG g e .ac d
.jQdG IQd bh VGh YO e aGJ
,dGh dG V J bGG g
,fKh ,dG Wh Sd ,hCG
.IQdG ejd

dG W

SSCG YO J FQ Y K
jRGLdG ,eCGh jdG SDG :d
.FGdG c SSCG jdG LQh
e JOSG e jdG IOdG cGQ
1970 Y SCG aM e dG EG dUh
SGh f Y OdG Y T M
eGh G GdG Y dhDd UN
dM .AdG Y G He c dP c
SSCG de GQe UCG g G OdG
jYeh FYh QJjdH G IFGd
.d Ah cCG
dhdH jY JG IjG dG
.ObG Yb fl MHQCG SG

12 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

gjVh jQMEG GQSEG L e hOhG

dG VfEd WGdG IQhdG a


.d k YGO dG j eh G
f aO dG dG IQhdG g
IYdG k YVe V ,QMEG jJ
cBJ CGH M,cG jRGLQd dG
Yd dG-jObEG bGG ihJh
aG Y IQb CG aJ d jdG jQdG
g dd Ff H WhT NEG dG
.IYdG dG
JH FfEG dGdG SdG OCGh
Y FdG fi Z fEc SdG
TQdG BG hJ EG,cdG ObEG
bGe EG HUCG QGfEGh SGh IdG
VhdG jJh aG Y dGh G dG
,eeh JTQh fEG Y jhJ IOYEGh
UG dG BG Y SdG SEG
bGSCG G C -HhQhCG-IL
MCG aeh FGdG JQb QSCHh
Y e YEG H fc,dc IjY
HGJh dG)jdG LfEG YdG e
KCG/FGdG YdG/bh dCG e
OGe/dG GhOCGh QdG/jG/G
SdG dG gCG (...Jeeh AdG
NdG ZJ h YdG g VhCG
G dd gRfEG e Tj gPfE
.Jh jQMEG
dG SGh IdG TQdG BG
cT d gOQJ ,G eN e dCG J
T M Y PJ dG (JHT-U)
d G Tb jQJh Yd jQMEG
QdG) gh ccdG UCG BGh,QdG
(eOdG HSCG HS jdG hCG HG
OGG jQH cT S hCG N J
S-OL Y-SW SGa) d FGdG
gh ...gRHCG e (...zjS jzG
IOhG HdG eGg Oj e g cdG
eGH YO He ccdG g UC
...(gZh G) idG dG cG ShCG
cdG Y dGh dG j CGHh
dSCGdG jObEG eRCG H k jCG IdG
OdG c JhCG AdEG H2008
J) IQG d jdG dGh LQG
,VhdG jJ Y dH kGe ,(HQCG
-QdG) eG QG dG

jObEG YdG J CGH M


YG g IRM EG Jh HQ cCG
gYS ,jQSEG Nh jQMEG
SJ dGh jdG dG cGdG dP
jJh fGH G jObEG cM
EG hCJ h IOG jhCdG J jObEG
jdG dGh ,YG g
gOh ,Ie hH ae Vhb aJh
e dh ,bGdGh dG jObEG Y
G LGdG M d,HSCG jg
jQdG eCG ILCGh jdG Gd
YdG Y FdG IQdGh 1976GjMe
Oah HbQh dhdG V Y dG fGdH
M GdG h ,JGQGOEGh jRGLQH
He dG fbh jObEG HdG QM
jRGLQdG e G dG .....AGdG
QSEH eCGh dG MH jQdG
cGJ e jQdG WdG jg
ObEG jRh M d ...de jf
M 2007QjCG27 dG U-d eY
dHh ,edG dG e%68 UG dG
G OSCG ObEG M dG Gg Nj
Y J dGh ,jQS EGh e jdG Y
.IOfi YLEG YL

-2-

G hP ,SCGdG G Gg fEG
feEG CG Hh IH YdG ,jQMEG
e jG cdG e,ad Ua hCG
cdG H Y Y eh ,HUCG
cdG Y OJ e gh ,FcH CG
cGdG e f EG H aO ,IOY HhQhCG
dG e jH H dG GZEG hCG ,gGcEG
.ae jYOh QSCHh SBG Th
Hd HG L e k ahe H
cdG d dG GQdG Y jObEG
cCGh cCG G Y PJ JH dG
Ff Xh ,QdG ObEG e HQ
Y J cT ,d SJ T Y
-jR-RQCG-S) FGdG OGG jQJ
Y J cTh (...dG-dG-e
OGe Y cTh aGh GQdG jQJ
GdGh (SEG-jG-G) AdG
HUCG ASCG ahe Zh ...dGh

dGh G FdGh MG dG SJ
SGQ k FN Sd ,FdG dH

q jo FN ,jQdG e Y QGdG Y
Y j YS,gH Gaq jo h H QGdG
Qc e dG e,d eh GfCG
edG dG M EG gH hNCjh,QdG
Gg d ,QdG dGh cQG Y MG
.IQdG b HJ SQO hCG
g QGdG Y Vj CG j e d
FSCH ATCG Jh ,SdG VdG
dG aO dG SCG Y,dGh
Gg QGSEG aQ hCG QGdG be EG
dM QYEG h,bGG e fOCG c QG
J dG edG GREG g ,QGd Hb
hS ,FdG VGh Z H GREc
cGdG dN e j k eR k WT jdG
.SG jQdG d G dG

-1-

dG e jQJ hT T VfEG Cc
cG jdG d jQf Ibh SdG
Hh ,b f e YLEG Sh
j d ,BG jQKh Ya SS cM
QdG dG bd SdG SEG
.Vhh YH FdG Ff
VfEG SH j e aCH MdG jh
IjL YLEG Yb d ,dG
NBG k M Afh k M FGW: fl H
Y j c Sj cCJ dG..AMCGh eh
e d e c cQ edG G S
MG g EG k ae ,dG Ybh M
J Y kGNCG JEG d,j c J dG
ac e z...Qh QGKz Ve IjL L
.a QJ dG VGaEGh G dG
fEG e g QdG g :GDdG jh
?gSCG T CG VfEd
IOdG e H DhdG Gg Y HLEd
J CGH M ,edG e jY e cCG EG
ObEG dG QMEG) jQMEG G
cT Y YEG N e (OQGeh QdG
LdG g jObEG Yh SDeh
e SdG dG Ld gGH G
.fGh jdG

13 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

G IQdG
Jh Y Y d ,G GQh In H kGQhe dG V
EG ,idG Ap GdG EG ,fJ S e
p
AUh Yh eGh VjdG EG ,IMh Mh eO EG ,HGWh GUh hH Y dG
.MGh Gh
o LdG OJ
,J
c ,eh Jh
o
o
o
ch ,dhO hCG GQeG
OG hCG ga ,SGdG Y AYdG N ,G EG G e
m
QSdG GP ,QSd QW
jH
gaCGh ,jQL gSh CG e T H k L gcCG
m
m
Gg hH QGSG j d fCG JH
H
iCGQ dG dG dP ,dG U e QG
p
p
dBG SGh SH -NCG HW dG d ,dG SH QSdG Yh
q ,T ZQ FdG a ,FdG
GhJ ,JOH QGSG Y ZQCG dG dh ,YdG jj g ,f Am d ,JYh
?jW k S edG adGh jQdG c Ak GdG Gg CGf CG ,e
a ,IY bGe eGLG GaJh ,GdG g YG JdG HdG HJ
o
dU jh
,dG H G c fHCG dG Qeh ,iNCG dG AHCG Y M
Rd ,YQO Lh ge Njh ,GFdH b eY GdG e k aJ MdH dG
jfl m H m ae ,k eY 30 b aQ Y c b c bQ ,GLG kGjL k Sb k bQ
OJ{ ,K HdG dG Jh ,Mh IM jQS Hh GdG H H ,ej
.zMGh Gh
ASC
o
o G
GjG QdG SG H jQS Ya ,dH dG JG H k W ,QH AGSG EG
,jaG eCG AHCG GdG jh
,hH LG zehG{ UY Hh ,AGG IQdG
o
.IQG Jh ,IjG QO Nj ,jdG h .ce e d dG f dG J
l
Il fh ,SCG BGh fl BG H mhH ,HdG dG Y j jObG aG e MGh

l
Ik Z QM j e aJ dG o Lha ,G AGeCGh G LhR EG ,fJ IS gP EG
,edG Y j e aj GdG BGh ,Gd dhO h g hJ b d SCm H d
FGSG e dG T dh ,HdG edG e H ,djG VQdG Ged
o jh ,jQdG VGh
m VGh m bQe ,kGa dG OGOJh ,QgORH HdG G
.SCG
jhG e g m bQe cCGh ,G h dG
iJ l bCGh ,e c e
l
n
HCG J -o NCG G MQ e GPEG-k jS j gch ,IZ jhdG eh ,G GQ
.cG SH jh WdG SH jh
EG mS e eh ,WdG Yj dGh ,SdGh
o
l eM l HY SQh
,FdH h SCH ,H Y WJQG a e jQJ
l
l
.GQdG fh ,eRCG fj e e edG m He T
IMGdGG fN Y J IMGdG JGLCG dG eG jCG f ,HGeh ce IQhS
.MGh Wd
m
.MGh jQJ
e ,MGh Lh
m
m e ,MGh eM LH NGU ,HdG dG jCG
,Y edG QL f dG edG H fCG GaJ ,Jeb H G gL j
.dG SCGQ GbGh dG
fCG Gdb
o
k jW jQdG c
S ,G jCG jf j dG dG dh ,eM GQGb
l YCG ,edG H NBdGh GQdG YCG GdCH jSh ,AGdG AeH ,QGdG OjCH
.eb e dG Y X dG FSCG j e LM J h cQU
.INCG JYS GhY ,jG eR fEG ,dG G jCG
.ASDhQh eh AGeCG ,k L cbCG fh

edG Tg
(( QdG G d f Tf ))

J Ic Y ah (...QdG-YdG
VhdG Y G b WGbhdG b e
H aO ,LfEG dG LGQOEGh
Y) SaEG YEG EG jb cGH q G
Jjc Yh cdG G fE jdG
cT ReEG Y IFG LQG dCG Yd
WCG dC fdG HQHCGh HdCG
Y WGbhdG e dG gH (adGh
jJ Y gY XCG iNCG Y
-HL Y-YO Y) VhdG
aO dG ,(gZh.....Gh GRah
dG ...jdG dhL QN EG WGbhdG
SGh QdG YOG GeCG e g
cBJ CGH gQhH dGh ,eG QG
aUG) dG g,UGG dG dH
jRGLQH k ej fc dGh (YdGh QdH
Y WdGh dG bGe EG hJ Se
.Gh dG
YGQdG J dG G e eJ
hRG S aQ H ,Yah Y M
fCG dG Gg ed J ,%265
dG zdhdG{Y H gSCG e j
YGQdG UG e Je J
(...AGdG IQdG-QdG-dG-G)
fG jdGh ObdG QSCG JQEG NCG hO
dG (...-GG-ISCG) YGQdG OGGh
-OGG-S) IOfi cT g
iOCG ,gQSCG VJh (...fHO-fJH
Igh FdG B SGh Mhd
bdEGh SGh IdG YGQdG jQe
Id aVEG idG G G dH
Y dG VH OQCGh d QG EG
...Y Ua
k jQhV jCGQ dG LG VdG Gg ZQ
J H,dG UEG Md Vd
EG VdG e H fG EG ,QMEG SS
Mh eH d gCG Y ObEG edG
VfEG QN EG IOOG dG g aO
AeCG VfEG J dG jQdG dG
gdG fGQG dUCG jhG Gh
d Q,WdG VQCG Y gGeEG h
FdG aGhO Y J CG VfEG Qb
e IG g ge H jQdG Zd
SdG UdG e eM J,HGdGdG
jh VJ h J CGH dG LdjjCGh
H G LGd eGdG dG gOY
.jedG TdGh YCG dG

J jY

14 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

eO eL HW ej

.zLY e T fG O
AH J H G e dG ZCGh
fY dG dG g dG dG d HJ
QNh NGO jdGh YG e HW
SCG dG ddG dG G LdHh dG
e H SCH GM J dGh gcP
SS GAfG CG jd d a g ,dG
dGh dGh FdG aJ jO M h
Tf CG GHG Nj dG d G
GJ Gh dG ejh MG e SS
CH j jCG gh jgX hjfi a
.GL J fGQLh dG VQCa c T
jG dG jDe H FGdG GdG Hh
hG b H QdG d FGJQH
hj jdGh G M QhSGh b
dh edG H Nd UdG fOCG
VQGh G zHgQEG{ YG
dGh LdG gLh Y j dG
e gRGSG j e Id GhdG bhCG L
g QhO JCj GdG Gg , jjDG b
Me a dG L jd ddG dG
SdG VG Z H MVh
j bd e L GPEGh jOMCG Y
Gd g fCG hCG jQS d eEG fCG dEG
Me H dG Y dh ,jQS
f ,fMCG bQGh ec INdG IdG
H d IH Cjh f hj g
dZ G dG e- dG gj g gQ
dG CG hj a dP eh -bCG MdG
jh IQdH b EG jdh IQdH j b
c dG CG ZHh S J CG d
Y dY j G j aNEGh gGaCG
.dG

GQj f

edG G hj Gg GL Wh Og
dG bO EG d , eO eL d
GL G d VdG CG Qa e S dG
.OedG
QdG QdG Lj fCG dj eY
Gg hj Ijfih VQeh IjDe : a K
G QdG Qda Qh Y GM dG
VQe hCG jDe d dK a H e
a a Ijfi Y dj dG dG g eCGh
JH G Y dG QNG VQe
dG eSEG GQdG e aN eEG MdG
e aN hCG gdG jOe QGdG H aQ
GQLh HU OGORG dG FG dG H
.b P Y Ibh
dG Hh jOMCGh eG G IOdHh
jOMCG J Y j dG SdG HdG Y
Gh dG e J VZ Y d J
j H IG Th dG Gg Y
e c dG d CG g d
FdG GHCG Nh eCG cCG NGO
LQGh GG dG Hh YdGh
dG M e cJ jh feG Ybh
ILCG e GdG J eeCG jdG G a FdG
50 HGb VG dG N a ,IQhdH dG
Sj dG d FdG MdG dW
h IQd j hCGHh SCG a Je
jj e M FbO N abh Y
M ahe dGh eG Yh T120 Y
eG dG CG bG d IjDe eR CG
SQJ dG ddG c EG NG W Y
Hj dG dH dG CGQ ch H
g Y dG j h ShDhQ Y dG
dG{h J dG Ya KOG
VQe fG H MGh C L HCG Y

dG G YQO e{
zjG M H IQdG ah
G e JT c dG je J
bGP dG dG Vh dG Gg V G
Y hGh jQS G fe c
GhOfh YQO H gG fEG je K fG
Zh IOQh g dG a IQdG H
V ZG fi hCG FdG H a jR
Y dG jGdG e dG hM bh .dG
bCd c f Jh FdG dCG
K OQdG e g b fEa a dh
d dH fa Gh jdGh RhQdG
aQ EG j gh X b YU HV
S e QS d ,H j dG bCG
dG g dG gG Y a ,dG Gg
dG Sh e IOe Z MH YCGh
dG OGM jgG bh dGH J
.GNDe
RGYGh Ga H AGdG FHCG aRCa
QdG dG MGh MGh MGh{ :OJ gh
zMGh
QGMG G HH gH dG J
YdGh jQdGh AGdGh jGh
.dGh G j Th fdGh
gOHCG H S IQK dG fa
dG eJ d ,Ich Ya cQG fh
c gdH j Ea ,IjT MH e
e MRdG JNG AGjGh GYG H
LH dG dG Jh dGh dG
.QGMCG
gh eYCG Gh TdG j
e hdH HdGh dG e Y
GG Th S Jh dG
e SGh IYGh dG H QdG
M L jJh KJh G eG
d dSQEGh eG HdG g e fEG
.LQG
FGO dG Gg e aj dG gG
fe dhH QGMCG baQ e fc
.bM J WGO fY
IQdG UY S J G J G
...dG
...AGd dGh Gh IM jQS TY

SQ fi

15 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

IQdG GQJh eO VfEG

ihj dGh UdG dG ehG


j G EG TdG jh ,dG b
fd k HY AMCG g dG SCH
.QGdG jM H
HdGh edG AMCG Y jS dL
jQ fih ee HCG oJ OSCG Gh
Sh AMCG HCG GY ,Hflh He
,FGdG UUdG bNG eO UdG
CG hCG ,L I Z k eY eO HCG eh
Sd U Z bCG J dG LG
jh ,je oJ CG Gbj dG C
Y YLG UGdG bGe Y Tf
e jbd SSCG dH WGG jhJ
.edG GRdGh FGdGh UUdG
G QdG d cG IOdG fc
FdGh aG jdG G ach
Y AH Y jCG b YCG d HdG jGdGh
,jQdG WG ac eO cH
eCG JLCGh dG cQCG Gddj CG GhYJh
q
JG OY ShCG H Qbh
q ,jdGh
.Je BG 10 h 5 H jQh eO
j k He UCG ,eO j e
e Lj BG Mh ,jQdG G H
h ,eO gCG M ee OLH Mj
a ,QGdG b e efG FW H CG Lj
C jdG hCG ,RhQdG ,G Vj
a ,jQdG FdG b e e P GSG
IjDG G CG dGh VQG cDJo
,FH J dG gMh g (dG) d
q
.We H UN e LGM Th
AMCG c kGAS OGOj G VdG
FGdG OGG T g ,KQH Qjh eO
cGh ,e jQdG G eh ,SSCG
Z gh ,fOCG gM QGdG
.dG WTh adG d VGh
EG QG Uh EG jQdG VQG J
Gb H idG RGJ J
q Y dO g eO
QfG b Y dO d d ,QGdGh dG
jL a jGH j Qh ,WSh dG
AJ a ,IQNh Ib cCG jQdG IQdG
.SdG G Ua j AGQh k ej

OY cCG gh ,fG e e ,eO


IQdG fG e jQdG UdG d
GdG CG Tf cCq Gh ,kGT 14 e cCG b
dGe ef Z e gfJh eCG
k T 20 f k fGe eYCG (T) d
Q ,GG bCG Y Nh HdG
.G jQdG FdH d bY
Y (cBG) `d (T HCG) b ,RGdG Y
dG IgGdG M S e Tf gh ,JdG
BG f d edGh GG M Sj
EG C e ,edGh Gh IgGdG Y
Hh iNCG AMCG Tf aG SQGe
gh ,QGdG Mh edG FGG
.db M Y jd AS fEG X
,Sb e cT T gh ,(Oa) eCG
fCG YCG ,dG Ic e dG f a
GdG Y j dG dG jCG aj
dGe H cj M g HJh ,g e h
Ic dH fEG ,AT c d he d
.J M dGh JdG e
LGe h G jQdG FdG
e eh eCG GdGh QdG G
J d ,H SCH AMCG NO
e e dG WdG H MCG e c

2012/7/21AfCd djEG (cBG) dch


H jQdG UdG cTG d
jQdG FdGh eCG Gbh edG G
cTG e VG edG N G
M Qeh QGT M EG be H
d h
,eO AMCG e c OY
q
fGG aGG GUCG f Qf EG edG
eO AMCG J dG HG eGGh
.dG M
e J dG cTG CG adGh
edG jdG e fa ,iNCG EG We
dG Wh ,FMCG Hh eO NGO EG
WEGh (JQG) hdG FGbh aG
jdG GdG b e dG TTdG
bdG dc bGQ QGT jQdG eCGh
.SSch HdGh
gh k adCe jdG eGG e H
J gh eO a e JQG Y
ceCG Y K TTQ e UUdG WEH
a AMCG Y jQGU oJ hCG ,UdG
.e jQK GM
S bG UGGh dG ah
UdG b Fe e cCG Mh G j

16 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

M jQdG IQdG J
? gG Y dG H jM e TG -S
H hOj dd N j h e
M fYj dG YG Y jdG TGh fG fG cG G , GHG , e -
.dG d efG M c d GOfG H e QGH
S G MGhQG f fG UN
dG g VdG QGdG Vj g h -S dG Gg AHG jdG d IQdG h dG
jG Y G LG e N e G e g GOfG H QGe ZQ h gG g gG h
GY j G d jOdG LGe eO aO h Ggh jG LG e f fG G MGh
? dG Gh d e dG h dG jdH h WGe M
.G
LG X BG d dP YG -
G UG SG YdG h jd SG
GQhO h d hO e h cG H a -S
e YG g Y QeG H Va
L gNBG dG d VJ ,deh
bG G YdG dG h YG J
VQJ f jgG c MJ e dG S e YG G jQG cOfG jQG fG , G
? SfG g
fhj NGdH d IYb VH e
.QH gOLh f jU c H dH KMG fG Z j -
Sfd dH eG ,f e M e
dG G g J h jdG e LQG -S dG GdG H a dGDS JcP dG
.H HT OSG h G G Y H dG L e J
gh He M Th HLG aQG - e dGh JGSG jce OLh Y h
.ae JH GWG O eY N Vh j BG a ,iNG L
G G Y jWh HGVh J
.M
e dG iNG HdG RHG g e -S
H i AJQG Y h cOL
Uh gh S e INh SSG IK g -S
? iNG aG
? G d Y G
AH f dh Sh e f f ,QcG -
Th gG IY eGc S MGhQG M ,J dG IQH d VG jY -
iNG HdG Y eG ,aG g jdH Gh e dG d ,J g h J g
aG a M b J aGL a L j Gh h jJ G j Gj
QGG hO Y e G dG IMdG OLe dGh VQG Y YG
gZ e HU cG d GOGeG Uh L L J eY JGSG G f d
UdG QZ J f M je G c Y d J UdG H YG
dGh dG H h f j dG N e OdG G G HGh ahX H
aGL G ceGh IQL H d dGh M je dG G H
.dG d j G GLf
aVH Wh jY Y IdG J
H jG Y cdH eb QH c G G
G Gd adG h dG c f -S
IOG GgG BG e hN
bG h YG RHG g e jCGH d , Je
OWh LGH jG ZG e M d
? LGj dG
HHdG e IQRGD hOY ea ,e eG
FGSG MG j H dMH eb jdH J LGj Ye cG MGH -
dG jdGh eG cGGh LGG Mf e GWG H g Sd ,dG G h
.G gOY a dd fh SS QBeh GgG jd
G Y H Y IdG dhj
Y OLhh ,jdG N e G
dG S d h YG J Mj
2012/07/21

G G HG MG e GL jU QGM
M jRQdG
W Y AH SG cP Y dG e
?M G G JGSG g e - S
e G d edG JGSG -
M e je Y IQY g M GH h
bDG dGh hdG f HdG
.YG h gdG M bYh
QT g MGH ? bGh HGL G J g -S
We H h UN H M je gG id
, G G id AGOG H Y H aG
H h Yf HV h QJ g G f fMa
J h h J dG HY G bhG
.OGQ G hO h J h
dh OL e f e H hf f -
d ,MGhQG M AT G J Y fGf
j h ,dG ahX h JfeG V
JG GPa , dG e edH LGf G Sf
H e fG h HdG M J
d Le h Yf HV LJ H WG
cJ G G G jQH dG ej QH
H e GPGh ,dG h YG LGd
dG ea jQGdGh FGdG J WG
.GGh QedG e Lh JG fG e

17 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G


ac hJ SS GgCG LCG e Yh
:LdG CGh jdGh YLEG GAGLEG
,RcQS d FdG GAGLEG ac AdEG
jOGh dGdGh YLEGdG fGdG
eh ,edG eG V dGh fLd
dG N) idG jQG J LCG
GOJf Qe ,jhf Ye ,jdG jG
eh dG jJ LCG e (f O
1700 QLCd fOCG G - QLCG IOjR LCG
HhQhCG bJG Y bOG Vh ,hQj
G dG Vh ; fGG QGSG UH
]LG - fLCd dH] IGhG LCG eh
.G
HfG G e f
FdG Y jdG HfG h SFdG
f Qe Y aGO dh .gf c dG
e GRe Qe ,VQe Qjh hMhh
! AT Y f CG Y Gd ,dG

,JH a ,ffGH dhCG


HH jc
16 dG J

H gG VS e g dG : fa
dG IMh
IdG Mf e RhJ J AH e H
.eY b a dG J dG Mf eh
S H dG NCHh Gda
eh dG e jdG N LG jQhV
edG eG FXh AdEG Y IOdG LCG
IjG FXdG e G N LCG eh
hO dGh IMd jW OjEG e H
S dG E ,G ac Yh ,QfEG
dG Gg .d S AT a .VS e
eRCG LGe jQj eM e ,e dG
MdG Gh ,e ASEG ,d e Y
SdGh YLEG GdG Y j
.QdG h SDG
Ea ,dG d Ic Ua g fc GPEGh
ce jh j Mf e G dG
M H cGh .dG Q SG
Hh (dG M) T cM LCG e IMdG
LCG e ,(G dG M) edG G
g ,fLCd gQch S T IOb
Y ad Me GOGe e Me ce
,fah FdGh zG{ dG Yh OhG
fh jLG f JEG HUCG LJh
dhDe EG .Y H zLCG{h G
G eG VQe QMEG J Y g
e VQe AH Jh ,dG H
idG ac MJ dhfi Y dhjCG - dg
YJ h gJ dG ]LG - jQdG]
V SS L QWEG V SFdG ZCG
W Y eRCG e hG LCG eh dG
.idG dGh YdG SDG S dCe

Ie hC WGO HfG a fh
.2012 SQe/QGPBG
WGeh WGe ,dH j ah
ZCG/BG (fhd W) dGO je
(?bDe H) ZEG e 2011 Y
Yh Jh jhchd G G
VY H S UY fch ,MH
b ,g je h .eS IOe J
/hCG fc jhdG BG ,chh
bd fi he AdEG e ,2011 Y jO
,Ke OGe j dG dH J jQGG
.bh ML IY dG ch
QdG VQe AH
G ICGL Y J IU GTDe g g
Ad bCG dSCGd gG jG G CG
gdG 1989 Y g icP CG RJh G
gGh dGd gG jQdG G ac
dG Y EG YJ IjY SCG EG .G
G Jh)QdG L) jQdGh dSCGd
.eCG Y
fL GQdG Mh fdG YdG
,QdG jdG ,dG dG ,(iNG ib
j fd hCG
Le g JQOe CG .(d VQG cG
edG dGdG LCG e cG IOb MCG
dG dG AMCd SdG cG G jCG
be j Yh ,fc fH
China Labour Net
.a G Y J h dP ZJ
b Y - jhQ H
TCG ac G LJh QYG H NCJ gh
China Labour Net
e cM- dG id UHh QdG
2012 (fj) GjM 13 AHQG
VQe LCG e G Gg CG .zVdG{
be G f
,f L S SCG S e SGh
z International Viewpoint {

2012 ,fj 13 AHQCG


OdG ,YSCG z!d AT c{ IjL : of
(2012/GjM/14) 153
hCG dG H bGdG IdG G Gg of]
dG Hh fa jdG HfG e
]SGh fdG
jdG HfG e hCG dG RY
ZdG Y ,dG cGTG G bGe e
.WGG LMEG Y IdG dhCG JGAGLEG e
RcQS e d G QGSEG e H
.eOdG dGh IMdG AH LCG eh
,HfEG IdG g e AfG LCG eh
cM LCG e IMdG MEG e H
(RcQS IOH dG M) zUMP{ T
! GMQCG : RcQS b dG G H
b e H a G d dH eEG
.FGO Hh IhGV H HQfih
gfS hCG eb jdG Te HQG CG
GgS b dSCGd gG jG G
dGh dG LGe NBG Qj J
OW H fC .eG QdG Z G
Rhj CGh .JSS e dG e H dG
dhjCG e jedG GAGLEG dG Gg
dG V fH G SG AdEG e
fOCG Gh GMCG cfi AdEG hCG fLCG
.G Y jH dR e dh ,HdG e
(hQj 1186 e) QLCd fOCG G aa
1700 `dG Y jH dR a hQj 70 QG
SGh .e H d jQhdG hQj
UTCd eY S G YdG S j dG
CG hO 19-18 Y e dH GDhHEG jdG
hCG OY AGLEG g ,dG Y dP e Gbj
CG .T dCG Feh e EG j d dh
ac dG fdG dZ j AGLEG Gg
j h ,2010 jN QGdG jH
gaQ dG YSG Ia dWEH dG
Vhe AH Y J eG CG .L
OQ LCG e fEG GL f dh YLEG
AT e H MHQCG cGe Y dG HQCG
aQ e H ,zYLEG QGG{ Z NCG
ec f JGH YJ e H ,JYSEG
KKh d YSEHh eY S H
jd dH eCG .d fh eY
eT ]LG-] jJ aJ ea
.IM Y dM H dP Oh

18 dG - 2012 R HdG OdG eeCG G

f e

jQS QdG QdG QJ

cQG |VG e Y g
dG IQdG e GWfG jdG jQdG jQdGh
GdG YG G Yjh .YfG e
,jQG jQdG IQhdG YLGh SdG
MOd jQdGh edG dG Y YaO
.jGh
jJ QU fH Kh Y fh
QdG Qd fG efdG SH 2011 hG
.jQS
Y Jh J H f dG cGTG G
jGh Gh jQLCGh dG c
Yh ,OVGh SG e QdG LCG e
e QG dG Y -fCG g-JQb
eCG O d gh .z aCG Y{ AH LCG
W bGh feEG g H ,fehQ HWhCG W
GhdG Ice Y j SCGQ f dG Oj
M Y dSCGdG e M j dGh
jGh jQLCGh MOdG dG e dZ
.jGh
j c JCj -bGdGh- IG fc GPEGh
-jT QNEHh -edG SCG Ea ,jH
:g gf dG cGTd
aG bCG j f dSCGdG
.MOdG ZCG e LGe
Y ,gL ,SCGdG dG j
dG Y e dG Fa f Yh SG
Ib g FdG AZCG IhK Qeh ,MOdGh
dGh fL IhdG cGJh .AGdG SDHh Y
dGdG dh .NG fL SDdGh Gh
cCG dG iS fOH gJ CGH dG IjG
eRCG f gh . dG SCGdG dG Gd n MJ
Y ,iNCG Ie ,eRCG g dJ Vh dhfih
.jQLCGh AGdG gc

OGG SQGh Jd
frontline.left@yahoo.com
facebook
http://www.facebook.com/groups

jQS QdG QdG QJ


ffG GY
http://syria.frontline.left.overblog.com
QJ CGQ Y IQhdH J bG G
jQS QdG QdG

Ie dY ehe : dG
cTh J H ce dhe EG fCG
Y Y c .(gdG Y e) fHj
M VhdG IOYEG GPEG H cT eYh
Gg Qa .OG fhWdG e Y Y
jdG ,H dhe GLCGh AGLCG bJ ,G
dG Y ,eCG G dP M j Gfc
,JG Y dH eEG GdW .MGh j I
Gg .aVEG jd H dhe aO eEGh
H eYh Y e LMG dG
e j e Y fC ,gCG j
J GLCGh AGLCG f ,dH G
f fl e N e cCH H a
fffh Jah hJh fJ) bdG
ffG Y M f bh .(fJh
Y dH H he L S
.cG EG fG
a H dhe LCG ,M bh h
,QLCG jdG H Jh RdG Y
YS dGh -dG fhe FSdG Hh
H g GRe fCG -gf H aM e
.G FdG j a VdG Y

gZh chh jb f
dG e
13000 GM) chh jOdG jb
IedG Jfh (fhfGb W ,f
jSa Xe ASG EG .IRQH dM
,dH FT Y MdG VGQCG Y
Y chh MG d ,jCG LMGh
d j ihT IY KEG Y dG ,2011
,M ITM IgJ J EG iOCG ,KCJ
Jc OWh G Je bG aGQ
aG ddG UY eb H ah .G
YG bG a bh .jhdG H d
eG e QGH e ,jdG e ah
ddG UY U IG g h ,G
MCG Iah ch .fSJ ZQ d aG
M IOjR S YG gQ jdG
cG d .GgGh jgG Z
GS WEG e ,jhdG dd fG ddG
IjL fG IOYEGh ,G UTCG
.ihdG fV Jh jdH

15 d G Y dG

dG YU dhe N V dG EG
,(dG T T ,L W) GfH
G fhWH MCG Iah N dGh
,dG QfH c ,2009 Y dj/R
c FGT IOYEGh dhG N N fC
UG dhG fc .Y dG QhdG e
gh S fL Y ASG ZJ dG
a M b ,dG b dhe cCG
iOCG ,GfJ dhe e %36 f Y b
eGdG dG b .jdG e Le EG
dj/R 24 j , -JFY aQ ,dGh
gY j dG jjG dG N ZEH
Y dG dG fG .G EG G G
J H hgG b eY ,d 22 YdG
.G M ,fhWdG MCG gh ,LGZ
fjL dhe de g YG b c
Gg .dhG H ad GeQ ch d
fZT Y Mh ,G bJ
Y JHh ,dhH ZCG M Y d
d j d dP c .dG dG eY
J e dZ edG YG C .dG
.UG dG c e
,gCG GfJ dhe Y f j
Hj dG CG j fd AH P OH
Iah C K .S H G Y
hCG g ,YL Y AGL ,fhdG MCG
ehO d ,d hNBG AGQe VJ .Yf e
Gg M ,dP Y IhY .Oe Y H
jNBG dG e YH YG dG
dG Gg LHh .ffEG e dch
EG G dG VG ,gG
GfJ dhe e EG .RJ Jh LGdG
fjH ,d hd dhe Y jCG T
e Xe GhMG jdG ,(g W)
Y G b ,YS 90 I jdG eM
.f

Vj H Y
BG e g ,dG J Y NBG e
j H b Ae f edGh dG
Y GV ,2011 af/dG jJ 14
.fGjdG J Y H eG bJG
Y H cT J j JG GP c
J jh ,dH dG Ae J fCG