FAMILY

immediate/extended family
a

nejbliLliI v zdilendj

5i ro

dina

to get divorced to be divorced from sb to separate/split-up to remarry to marry into cohabitation bachelor spinster close/distant/blood relative to be related to sb to be relation to sb
a

rozv6d6t se

family of four

ityiilenn6 rodina
smiSend rodina

byrozvedenla s lcym
rozejit se

blended family one-parent family
childless family

neripln6 rodina bezddtn6 rodina

zno\u

se

oienit/vd6t
se

family

family tree familymember familybackground
to raise/start single
engaged
a

rodokmen
dlen rodiny

piiZenit se/piivdat rodiny
nemanZelsk6

do

souiiti

rodinn6 zizemi
zaloZit rodinu

stary ml6denec star6 panna

family

marital status

rodinnf stav
svobodny/6 zasnoubeny/6
snoubenec

blizlci I v zd|leny/p okrevni

pihuznj,
blit piibuzny
s

h.im

fianc6/husband-to-be fianc6e/bride-to-be

bjt
s

v piibuzenskdm vztahu

lcfm

snoubenka

married
husband wife married couple divorced widowed

Lenafi,vdani
manZel

What relation are you to fim? V jakdm piibuzensk6m vztahu jsi s |imem?

manZelka manLele rozvedenyl6 ovdovdly/6 ovdovdt vdova vdovec dospdlli

frorn one's father's/ mother's side

z

otcoly/matdiny strany prvniho manZelsM
ch|znt z dobr 6. ro diny

oflfrom the first marrige
to come from a good family
to be one of the family the black sheep of the family

z

po

patiit do rodiny
dern6 ovce rodiny

tobewidowed widow
widower grown-up
to get married to marry sb to marryyoung to marrysb

within the family
familygathering

vkruhu rodinn6m
rodinn6 se5lost

familylife
vd6t se

rodinnf iivot
vzlahyv rodind
generadni rozdil

oienit

se,

family relations
generation gap

vzit si koho
Zenit se mladf/vd6vat se

offspring
descendant ancestor

potomek(-ci), ratolest
potomek, n6sledovnik

mlad6

off

provdat/oZenit koho

piedek

ADOPTION
adoptive family foster care to lose one's family to be orphaned

adoptimi rodina
pdstounsk6 p6de

orphanage

sirotdinec
ddtshy'

children's home
to adopt sb foster-parent

domov

ztratit rodinu osiiet
sirotek

osvojit si koho pdstoun ditd svdien6 do opatroviini

orphan

foster-child

FAMILY MEMBERS
mother
matka otec

brother
sister uncle aunt cousin

bratr
sestra

frrher
parent

rodii
s).rr

stryc
teta

ton
daughter

dcera

bratranec, sestienice

1. FAMIIY
aaaaa

grandparents

prarodide
dddedek

fueic'e

netei
nevlastni otec nevlastni matka nevlastni bratr nevlastni sestra nevlastni dit€
sourozenec

grandfather grandmother grandchildren
grandson

stepfather stepmother stepbrother stepsisGr stepchild

babidka vnoudata

vnuk
vnudka pra(dddedek...) tchrin tchynE zet
snacha

granddaughter
great- grand(father...)

sibling
an

frther-in-law
mother-in-law son-in-law daughter-in-law brother-in-law
sister-in-lrrw nephew

onlychild

jedin6dek

first-born
illegitimate

prvorozenf
nemanZelslcf
dvojde

fu"gt
Svagrovd synovec

twin triplet
quad(ruplet)

trojie

@de
sourozenecki rivalita

siblingrivalry

a3

1. FAMILY

FAMILY TREE: describe Mike's family tree.

nehynouci/opravdovd l6ska neopdtovand Liska Zivotni l6ska infatuation secret adrnirer tajnf obdivovatel holidayromance love afiair love triangle pnizdninovf romrinek milostnli rominek to long for sth to dream ofsb to take an interest in sb toulit po dem snit o kom zaiimat se o koho milostnf trojrihelnik vdZnf i intimni/milostnf serious/intimate/sexual to attract sb to eye sb to piitahovat koho pokukovat po kom relationship to be intimatewith sb s vztah mit milostn pom6r s lcfm flirt with sb flirtation flirtatious to hide one's desire for sb to give attention to sb to be flattered flirtovat. potkat se down/disappoint sb zklamat koho LOVE love for sb l6skake komu to feign.FRIENDSHIP lifelong/lastingfriendship celoZivotni/trval6piftelsM besVgood/close/old/ nejlepSi/dobrf/blizlqi/starli/ spolednf piitel to have alot insonmon mit hodnd spoledndho sch6zet se s lclim 6asto mutualfriend my circle of friends mate (inf)/buddy(inf) lot to getalongwithsb to see sb a vychtzet dobie s kfm mrij okruh znrimfch kamar6d.odmilovat milovat se*. dvoiit se komu. zajimat You msan o koho alotto me. rande (osoba) schrlzka naslepo to go out together to see each chodit spolu vidat se blind date to go out on a first date to meet sb through alonely heart's ad to go outwith sb/date sb other jit na prvni rande to gettoknoweach l6pe se poznat sezn6rnit se s kfm pies otherbetter matchmaker a good inzerdt dohazovai dobni partie chodit s kfm match . w€iit se sezndmit se. indifference do koho piedstirat nezijem vfznat kisku ke komu tobe in lovewith sb bjt zamilovdn to express one's love for sb declaration/sign of love to show one's feelings love at first sight to full (madly) inlovewith sb zamilovat koho head overheels in love se ($flen6) do vyzn6ni/projw l6sky projevovat sv€ city Liska na prvni pohled zamilovln po uSi to be crazlmad/nuts (infl about sb to become infatuatedwith sb to have acrush on sb bft cellibl6zrn do koho zblinnitse do koho zblinnitse do koho pobl6zndni platonic/puppylove undying/true love unrequitedlove the love of one's life platonickriiddtslci l6ska v6dn6. . koketovat lcfm tobe made foreach other love nest bjt si souzeni flirt. lqirno3 to understand each other's problems to trust sb naraijem si rozum€t drivdiovat komu wEiovat se komu tobe friendswith sb tobecome friends to makefriendswith sb to meet pidtelit se s lclim s to strilce up a friendship with sb naviizat pfritelsM spidtelit se skamar6dit se s lcfm to confide in sb to get sth offone's chest kfm tolet sb vypovidat s dim se z deho. to fall out oflove piestat bft polichocen/a DATE date rande schtzls. flirtovrini koketni skrfvat touhu po kom hnizdecko l6sky love (inQ/sweetheart (spoken) l6ska (osoba) inseparable couple se nerozluin6 dvojice Mnoho pro m6 znamen65.

2. HUMAN RELATIONS /E:Valentine is madly in love with Emma.ffi NOTES .What is their story as shown in the pitures below? QI '{M.

vynuceni svatba (nevdsta je tdhotn6) velhfden. mit spolu sex nrihodnf sex bezpednf/nechrrindn sex ochrana kondom safe/unprotected sex bftjen pi6tel6 panna" panic preserration/condom to use contraception to protect against sth venereal disease virgin to lose one's pouiivat antikoncepci chrrinit se virginity ztratit panensM proti demu first sexual orperience premarital sex one-night stand (inf) to seduce sb to cuddle to kiss (French) kiss prvnl sexudln i zii:itek piedmanZelskf sex l6ska najednu noc pohlavni choroba nakazit pohlavnim srykem topass (adisease) on by sexual contact heterosexual w€stkoho objimat libat se se. HUMAN REIATIONS aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaa to match sb up with sb to makeagoodmatch to pickup sb/chat sb up ddt dohromady ndkoho s steadygirtfriend to steaUpinch sb's girlfriend to talce a shortbreak to fail stil6 piitelloTnC piebrat nEdi ndlcfm piite\mi dobie si vybrat.. dobie se vd6UoZenit sbalit koho seznamovaci agentura d6t si men5i pauzu (ve vxahu) nedopadnout. nevyjit datingagency sEx (sexual) intercourse (frnl) potrlavni styh souloi passionately to be sexuallyactive to deep around to have safe sex casual sex v65niv€ to have se:rual contact to makelove to/with sb to have sex/sleep with sb to sleep together to be just (good) friends mitpohlavni sryk milovat milovat se s se. sp6t chninit se skfm sp6t spolu.2. heterosexuil homosexu{l gay lesba madit se homosexud ga'T (francouzskf) polibek nEln6 lesbian registered partnership gently registrovand partnersM WEDDING hen's party (BrE)/bridal shower (AmE) stag loudeni se wobodou poi6dan6 nwdstou loudeni se svobodou poi6dan€ Zenichem best man Zenichriv wEdek svatebni obiad weddingceremony to exclange wedding rings to perfom traditional rituals wedding reception to propose a night (BrE)/bachelor to make one's mariagevows sloiit manZelslcf slib party (AmE) to come to one's wedding to propose to sb to send wedding invitations ptijitkomu na watbu vfm€nit si watebni PrstenY prov6ddt tradidni zvyky poZridat koho o ruku rozeslat pozvdnky na watbu watebni hostina pron6st piipitek pron6st projw toast weddingcard watebni ozn6meni to make/drawup the guestlist sestavit seznam hostfi wedding dress/wedding gown svatebni Saty to make aspeech to cuttheweddingcalce rozkrojit watebni dort watebni dary veil zivoj vledka weddingpresmts/ weddinggifts shotgunwedding whitewedding to go somewhere on one's honeymoon newlyrreds trcusseau train thebigday to have acivilwedding to have a churchwedding wedding procession . mit pravidelnf sex vyspat se s kaidfm hfm souloZit. den watby mit svatbu ria riiad€ mit watbu v kostele watebnipruvod nevdsta tradidni svatbavbil6m jet n6kam nalibrinky novomaniel6 vfbava nev6stY v€no bride bridegroom/groom bridesmaid ienich druZidka dowry .

2. HUMAN RELATIONS DATING: invent a story explaining whyJane falls asleep during her date with Peter. a: 1{OTES .

pal.i'r'ztah Klape ha bj't hlava rrdiny mani.2."" .I*.\.r.J lrcrk rvell together..v tolerance towards ntr tn hirve a gcod relationship W'e vfrii komu to.a /.:.elski poraclna roz. .'' . HUMAN RELATIONs MARRIAGE {un}happy nrarriage loveless rrrarriage (ne)*t'astni rnanielstvi her ex-husbandlfuture iej i brival j'lbudor"rci rrraniel rnanZelka munielstvi bez l6skv bouilive manielstvi hustrand his lawful rvile ieher starnry rnarriirge arrangecl marriage zikorrni tloltodnutf sriatek hndt se do rnanfelski devotetl husband marrrage l'ows ..-."u f/7 .v ctit marital probleme henpecked hlsband rict{ ke komu tolerance rnui poci pantcflern 2ivitcl rotlia.uda tit ve $Lastr:dm rnanfelstvi tinit kr*ro *thstnym vz{jer:rni se siatek z roz-rlttru rnanielsk6 proirlern.el*ki slib to rush into a marriage tc marry sb ftrr love to be happily married to make sb happv t0 rr$pect e&ch other respect for sb vzit si koho z ki*k.) f':ii'n'' :\'ili."l' \ t. -" . odclani manZel rnan?. (l..'-. f'(.'.v marriage certilicate marriage settlement rnarriage of convenience sdrlaci list miln2r"lskti dol. nim hannonious/equal relationship married couple rmanickf I rr:vnocenny vzjah rrranield manirllstvi \1 \ilt \ rl: llil: iir t i !t/ ! / i i i ." / n . €. breadwinner to wear the trouser# pants (in$ marriage guidance counselling breakdownlbreakup of marriage rr:it dobr.

HUMAN RELATIONS WEDDING: compare and contrast these two pictures. Which wedding would you prefer? Why? I - NOTES .2.

cst h{dka konflilcl.eni r*und trne"r littlc Iing*r t(] tlvi$t rb Otoait si koho ktrlem prstu ddlat iistupkv citit se poniitrrr6 henp*cked hu*hand rnui pcd pantutlem Mii lru zcela domhci n{sili lle is complelel. panovainy :iobeckii sobec t* in make a & $eene ztrctpit sc6rru ve vztekri lit of fernp*r lo htrrt sb's feeliugs tn be rlisappointed in sb n. Ornrzel ji. r'rrri5or.'at silnafikat na r. plne zuby to fight overlabout sth to call sb ntme$ to fall out with sb to dress sb down/tell sb olf to shout/scream at sb to insull sb by sth to be offended atlby sth hi{c{at se kvfrli dcrrru n*t koh* naitvat ladiivat komu isprerst6).iH$HtF'FF$SIEMS PARTHERSHIF PROBLEMS lo lre ie. sp*r rlprul'oktivat n*k*bo k lrridce nepohotbxrut *e s kyrrr vvnudat kor"nu.lrl iri rir b*t hruby kr: ktulu purontel konrandor.st.v i{r{it trp{"l na ks}h$ quick-lempered tn make * fu*s about vznftlir. zprrafit kohn ki'ir"ert/jedet na kotrro to lurre a rowla quarrel/a fight pohid*t se to provoke sb into a {ight rrrazil kohcr {irrr byt uraT..lii city zklantat se v kilrll znanit zr"riit na koho irrtolerable/unbearable to be rude to sb to dictate to order sh aroundlabout to put sb downlbelittle str to rule the rooat {inf) to run sb's life nesnesilelnf tc tre f$rious rr-ith sbl irr: rtl.S.) v11r*tit se poorsoul vulnerable to defend oneself trorn/ against sthlsb aw. P$ l Nf. srii2et kohei t* eornpl*intlmoax atroul sth stdior.} fo fad* r:dcizeni emotional blackmail citcve vydlrdni chudrik ochladlurul {vzruseni .r t* r*proachlhlame tar str l"$r rth fault tu dc sth rln purilose to be inditl'erent/ apathefic to sth/xh he al brit r. silanri alcaholic alkoholik tt liar ganrbl*r w<lm&rizer thai garnbler resign oneselfto sth/be resigned to sth rez-i$oyat na co to put up with sth/recorcile smiiit sc s dirrr sukniikrlf tvn!ohlavf.a vini naschvd. $he gnf tiretl *f him.at koho poni?nvat kcho.) nrit posledni *lovo.i" di'lat por.r to stand huruiliation to make concessions ta fbel smalUfbel hurniliated domestic violence sn63et poni/.. vlidnout udilat co kcn:u iidit n6ii iivor lyran bit lhosteinl'k icmrrlke tyrant heartless aggressive to hecorne *tranged from sb bezcitnf agr"esivni orlcieil se komri estrarrtrgerxent to die dawnlccoX {exeitenrsnt .ry zranitelnf briinit se tackofrespect/totrrirnce nednstatek*clyllol*rance <k{rrotu iemulkr:mu t$ misus* slr's trust/kindness zner.ry*itat kcxlu cei cr.at ss dr: ieho st: na koh* pohridat se s li1im.rl*us *f str nnhealthy.en iinr . t*mprr rc*"/quarrell{ight clash rtralit trpilii.vk choxrlrnli i-:irlivost kmli to *rlTer frtxn iealeiusy iirliinsti little things pnssessive/domineeringlboss.v selfish egoist nraliikostenr dominantnf.rLivat ndii d&vdru. paliiatl' oneselfwith sth to start *fresh *bstinntelslub'b$rn zaiit nanovo ARGUMENTS eraeyirr*ts {inl) lqr irave enough of str {c} s}:r drire v-vtiidet koho do. dastr:vat naddvkami t$ int*rfere/xneildh in sth t$ get a*srylget cn:-*s with Eb to lane one's pld"\t $e..iealous. naprosle peklo bj't u korce se her thurnb..v under potl palcrrn" to beat sb purelabsolute/sheer hell to be at the end of orre's rope tlo$ci koho ilbsolutui.

to bylo) mit pomdr BREAKUP breakup/split-up/separation to break up/split up/separate to live apart to leave/desert sb for sb else deserted wife/husband to dump sb (inf) to be dumped to reproach oneselffor sth rozchod rozejit se Zit odddlend to threaten with to file a a divorce vyhroiovat rozvodem podat Z6dost o rozvod dfivody k rozvodu rozvodov6 vyrovn6ni petition for divorce reasons/grounds for divorce opustit koho lorili ndkomu divorce settlement to go one's separate ways to get over sth/cope with sth/ manage sth to go back together again to patch up (one's marriage) to go wrong to be on the rocks (inf) to break sb's heart jin6mu opu5tdn6 manZelka/ jit si svou vlastni cestou opuitdnf maniel d6t kopadkykomu dostat kopadky piekonat co.3. zvl6dnout co znovu se wetit k sobd urormat (sv6 manZelsM) chybit. podvdddt s lgrn adultery adulterer to commit adultery to breakup the family to know of his/her infidelity to forgive sb of/for sth to let bygones be bygones cizoloZsM to two-time sb (infl to play around with sb cizoloinik dopustit se cizoloZsM (un)faithfrrl to sb unfaithfrrl man/woman extramarital affair to have an affair rozvritit rodinu vdddt o jeho/jeji nevdie (ne)vdrnf komu nevdrnik/nevdrnice mimomanZelshi?vztah odpustit komu co odpustit. zapomenout (co bylo. PARTNERSHIP PROBLEMS to feel offended to take offence to take sth personally to take sth the wrong way not speak to each other to give way citit se uraZen se to apologize for sth attempts at reconciliation to make a omluvit se za co urazit to asVbeg for sb's forgiveness Z6dat koho o odpu5tdni pokusy o smiieni vzit si co osobnd vysvdtlit si co Spatnd compromise udinit kompromis prominout komu co nemluvit spolu ustoupit to forgive sb for sth to make up usmiiit se INFIDELITY to cheat on sb podv6ddt koho zahfbat komu zahfbat s $rn. zlomit komu srdce 11 . ddlat chyby byt v koncich vyditat si co qualms/remorse to regret sth to end in divorce to get a divorce {ditlif svddomi litovat deho skoniit rozvodem rozv6st se velmi zklamat koho.

3. PARTNERSHIP PROBLEMS this absurd couple? THE TURTLEDOVES: what's the interesing story behind suffer from? what marital problems do they NOTES 12 .

Lvatl|ni holdidka kojit krmit z lahve tohowl to cry to hush the crying baby to gurgle/babble baby taildbabble tn suck one's thumb dumlat si palec dummy to change a nappy dudlik piebalit l6tkov6 plenky plenky na jedno pouiiti piebalovaci sttl/podloZka chovat koho cloth nappies disposable nappies changing table/mat to cradle sb to go potty jit na nodnik potty to toilet-train to pee (inf) to poo (inf) wet/soiled nappy nursery/creche nodnik udit chodit na z6chod durat kakat poduran6/pokakan6 plenka jesle Skolka in sb's arms on sb's lap v niirudi na klind cradle cot kol6bka postylka kindergarten/nursery school CHILDREN-S BEHAVIOUR child/kid (inf) good naughty/bad (spoken) ditd to ignore sb to tease each other childish prank to make a ignorovat koho hodnf zlobivy. zamazat brynd6k naiikat. Iump6rna ddlat vellay' rdmus nelychovanf poslu5ny neposluSnf probl6mov6 ditd lot of noise to get up to Kids. neuk6zndny divoky.I I I i BABIES to be expecting a baby to give birth to a baby dekat ditd carry cot to rock ta5ka na pien65eni ditdte porodit ditd nenarozen6 ditd houpat. hludnf mluvit sprostd LalovSni telling tales/sneaking telltale/sneak to tell on sb/sneak on sb to pester sb to play (sb) up nerinavnf nevydriet u nideho dlouho poflakovat se. buggy (BrE)/ ghrastitko koddrek (hluboky) kod6rek (sportovni) vozit kod6rek ddtskd (rysok6) to be born to be premature/be early to be overdue/be late narodit narodit narodit se pieddasnd se opoZddnd newborn stroller (AmE) to push to soil a novorozenec batole chlapedek toddler babyboy pram highchair bib iidle babygirl to breast-feed to bottle-feed pobrlrrdat. po3t'uchovat se rell-behaved bad-mannered obedient disobedient navzijem ddtskf legr6cka. rattle pram (BrE)/baby carriage (AmE) pushchair. ivatlat si ddtskd ied. dovdddt unruly boisterous rdentless not stick at arything for long rc fool around/mess around to show prdt se. prov6ddt Ddcka. hudet do koho off zlobit (koho) to be cheeky to sb 13 . ba\walker play1ren ditd ze zkumavky Ditd se m6 se narodit v bieznu. marnit das piedv6ddt se byt drzf na koho Zalobniiek Lalovat na koho otravovat koho. kiidet plakat uti5it pladici ditd broukat si. h6dat se o co vzptrny. rozjiveny vychovany. pdknd (ne)zvladatelnli vyv6dite? skotadit. what are you getting up to upstairs? to romp around/romp about to fight over sth to use bad language vyv6ddt. co to tam nahoie problem/difficult child un)manageable to behave oneself/behave well chovat se slu$nd. kol6bat ddtsk6 choditko ddtska ohr6dka unborn baby test-tube baby The baby is due in March. slu5nf to talk back/answer back to sb odmlouvatkomu Sk6dlit se.

.4. byt proti zast|vat se koho to have trouble with sb to make sb angry to get angry/get cross with sb to talkto sb seriously to warn sb/give sb a warning mit tr6peni s kym rozzloblt koho rozzlobit se na koho sb to give sb a slap to tame sb to be grounded to ground sb to spank to be an example to to hold sb up as an napldcat komu ddt komu pohlavek zkrotit koho mit domdci vdzeni d6t domdci vdzeni komu sb byt komu piikladem d6vat komu za piiklad sekat latinu promluvit si s ndh.) hra na (schovdvanou .) to play hide-and-seek hr6t si na schovdvanou hra na slepou b6bu hr6t si na honidku autitko vojddek plysovy blind man's buff to playtag to chase each other a game of (hide-and-seek. palidaty rozumny for sth vl. prostiedi hfdkat.. fracek to talk sb out ofsth to talk to a brick wall to be at one's wits' end rozmluvit komu co mluvit jako kdyi hr6ch na stdnu hdzi nevdddt si rady family background to pamper to spoil spoilt/spoiled brat (inf) to be strict/soft with sb excessive permissiveness to need a firm hand potiebovat pevnou ruku obmdkdit koho to soften sb up to be byt piisnf/mirny na koho piiliSnri shovivavost pochvdlit koho za co firm bjt nefstupnf potrestat zaslouZit si trest za trest to punish to deserve punishment as a to praise sb for sth not be allowed to do sth to forbid sb to do sth to disapprove ofsth to take sb's side mitzakSz|no co zakizat komu co nesouhlasit demu s punishment physicaVcorporal punishment tdlesnli trest dim.kazTt rozmazleny spratek.) honit se dievdnf piskavy plysovy medvidek hr6t si na (voj6ky. vyhr6t si na hii5ti to teach sth through play to get tired playing teddy (bear) to play at (soldiers .... rozmazlovat rozmazlovat..) toy car toy soldier soft wooden squealry hr6t si s (panenkou. CHILDREN CHITDREN-S GAMES to playwith (a doll... pomoci hry unavit se hrou.fon v6Znd varovat koho example to be a good boy/girl to learn one's lesson to tell sb off to get a scolding/get told off to scold sb qmadatkomu dostat ryhubovino poufit se stubborn sensible wrdohlavf..) in the playground UPBRINGING to bring up lychovdvat rodinnd zLzemi...) udit co hrou..nadat komu za co 14 .

ill1. CHILDREN ! I i I story for these two new parents. t-->. | /r1. /' ltl 15 .-.: ilOTES rt1?r. and come up with a I il!'ll . /G\ i ^^\ f ".4.. CHILDREN: think of the joys and worries each stage of a child's development may bring. ".

daughter . nemluvnf svdiovat se komu emotionally unstable uncommunicative to confide in sb to retreat into oneself/ one's fantasy to become withdrawn ki'm poflakovat se.. dcera.. dospivajici (vzdor. mejdany fl6movat zkouSet co. dern6 ovce dostat se do 5patn6 parfy schdzet se.. touha vyrovnat ostatnim ditd napodobujici nddi chov6ni. What do you think of the father's restrictions? I li tl l{ PROBLEMS OF YOUNG PEOPLE youth the youth/young people ml6di (dneSni) ml6deZ TV/video game . potloukat se chodit na vedirky.) teenagers/youngsters/ to keep pace with sth/sb pubertdlni..zahrivat si s dim tzairatse do sebe/do fantazie to party (inf) to experimentwith sth smoking taking drugs drug addiction to betray sb's trust uzaviit se do sebe kouieni uiivdni drog zdvislost na drog6ch independent of the family nez6vis$ na rodind neshody... stiety n6zortr frictions to be in conflict with one's parents dostat se do rozporu s roditi zradit nddi drivdrt 16 . CHILDREN UPBRINGING: comment on the situation below. styl ... addict ziislj. (oftoday) teenage/adolescent (rebellion.nateleizil videohrdch. parta se adolescent. peer pressure copycat (inf) tlak okoli.4. ddcka driet krok s dim/s hfm wstevnici stejn6 vdkov6 skupina peers peer group kids (inf) adolescent adolescent behaviour {rostci.e youth culture to go through puberty at puberty gang/group to join a gang projit citit si pubertou piidat se do party v pubertd se dospdle to be a gang member patiit do party outsider.. mladishry pubertiilni chov6ni zibavaml6dei.. potloukat se s to feel grown-up outsider to getlfall into bad company to hang out with sb (inf) to hang around to go to parties sv6 moody oversensitive ndladory piecitlivd$ citovd nest6$ nesdilnf.) dospivaj ici ml6deZ.

h I I r I I ltoTES Fn i I i 17 . CHILDREN PROBLEMS OF YOUNG PEOPLE: comment on how the teenagers in the pictures spend their free time. AreMere your teenage years similar or different? Jlr.I I 4.

...... to walkto work to be punctuaVa latecomer jit do pr6ce p65ky b1t dochvilny/opozdilec comb to have a shave hieben oholit se to get to worklate/in time to be late/in time (for a place) a piijit do pr6ce pozd6/vdas piljit p ozd| I v tas (kam) (asi 20minutov6) zp oLdlni delay of (about 20 minutes) IN THE AFTERNOON to leave work odejit zpr|ce vyzvednout d6ti (odkud) to spend one's free time to get one's things ready for the next day to watch tr6vit volnli das to collect the children (from a place) to do the shopping to do the cleaning to do the cooking to relax piipravit den si vdci na druhf nakoupit TV divat se na televizi shl6dnout co v televizi uklidit uvaiit odpodivat to watch sth on TV to take a bath to take a shower lykoupat se se lysprchovat TIME FOR BED to go to bed sleepy jit spdt till late at night to fall asleep/go to sleep to be a light/heavy sleeper pozd6 do noci ospa$ byt dlouho vzhtru.. to go to work by car/by bus . chytit autobus/vlak . nejit spdt mit lehk6/tvrd6 spani 18 .. jet do pr6ce autem/ to catch to miss a a umyt se studenou vodou vydistit si zu\ bus/train . .. nejit to read/take a walk before bed iist si/projit se pied spanim usnout to stay up late to stay up/sit up dlouho sp6t ponocovat.... mit naspdch popohrlndt koho spdch to set the alarm clockfor (7:00) naiidit budik na (7:00) zazvonitv (7:00) ddlat ranni hygienu to rush sb rush to commute to work to do/take exercise to have/take a quick shower to have a wash in cold water to brush/clean one's teeth zacvidit si rychle se osprchovat dojiZd6t do pr6ce autobusem.IN THE MORNING to wake (up) to wake sb up to be (wide) awake probudit se to do one's make-up a look at oneself in the mirror nalidit se probudit koho byt (fplnd) vzhtru zaspat (do pr6ce) vst6vat dasnd/pozdd to have podivat se na sebe do zrcadla obl6ci se obldci si co na sebe svl6ci se svl6ci si co to oversleep (for work) to get up early/late to be an earlybird/riser to get dressed to put sth on to get undressed to take sth off to walk the dog bjt ranni pt6de piispat si to sleep in night owl to jump out of bed noini sova qvendit psa mit k snidani co rrfnechat snidani rychle se nasnidat ddlat ndco ve spdchu vyskodit z postele 16zt z postele to have sth for breakfast to skip breakfast to have a to crawl out ofbed to drag sb out ofbed to yawn tahat koho z postele zivat quickbreakfast a to do sth in se rush to stretch to go offat (7:00) to do one's morning routine protilhnout to take one's time to be in a hurry/rush nepospichat pospichat. toothbrush toothpaste to comb/do one's hair zubni kart6dek zubni pasta udesat si vlasy bus/train zme5kat autobus/vlak .

TOTES I I i ! 19 . DAILY ROUTINE to spend a sleepless night to count sheep to have nightmares str6vit bezesnou noc poditat ovedlcy to snore chr6pat chr6pSni snoring to dream about sth to dozelnod off to doze ofi/nod ofil drop offto sleep to sleep sth off to talk in one's sleep to sleepwalk " mit nodni mtry nespavost pr65ek na spani mit sen o iem si.5. usnout insomnia sleeping podiimovat zdiimnout pill to stayawake all night to be (soundifast) asleep to sleep like a log (inf) probdit celou noc (tvrdd) spdt sp6t vyspat se z nddeho twd6 jako Spalek mluvit ze spani byt n6mdsidnf SHUFFLED MORNING ROUTINES: put Mr Disorder's morning routines into the correct order.

MORNING EXCUSES: come up with Stanley's explanation for why he's late to work. W /tt. 'ti \r'l NOTES 20 .

Which night illustrated here is most similar to yours? Why? tffi M ltoTES I F--- 21 . DAILY ROUTINE TIME FOR BED: compare and contrast these pictures and discuss the different ways in which people spend their nights.5.

stavit se piijet na (vikend) byt na (krdtk6) n6vStdvd to offer sth to drink to return a nabidnout n6co k piti oplatit ndvStdvu to have somebody over mit koho na n6v5tdvd visit 22 .. to get out of town to walk through the forest zajil do hospody/do klubu/ do parku. koho neblt doma odloZit si Uddlejte si pohodli. qnazit to while away the evening etc. to go down to the pub/ club/park.. navStivit to have a visitor/visitors/ mit n6v5tdYu.. proZit. zabavit chvfle. hrdt amat6rsk6 divadlo to go to the cinema/ theatre/museum . lenoSeni se chodit na hodiny tance/ hudby chodit do kina/divadla/ muzea. dobry spolednik ddlat komu spolednost to go in for sth hobby/interest/pastime handyman to keep sb company to go out for a zajit si na pivo/jidlo .. to be an amateur actor tr6vit das zamdstnat se iim to take time out (to do sth) to pass the time We played cards to pass the time. to socialize/go out to go out se chodit do spoleinosti uddlat si das (na co) jit do spolednosti..FREE TIME to relax/take a rest to forget about sth to take one's mind offsth to take a odpodinout si to be keen on sth byt celypryd do deho chodit bdhat cvidit j6gu zkusit ndco nov6ho (golf apod.) off to enjoy a mit (prir dnt... vdnovat se demu konidek..zibava dom6ci kutil sbdratel sociable/outgoing a good company beer/meal . not be in to take offone's coat/ jacket etc.. jit nav5tivit koho to come over to come for (the weekend) to be on a (short) visit piijit na n6vitdvu.. vypnout to go jogging to practise yoga to give sth awhirl (inf)/ a zapomenout na co rypustit co z hlary. n6kam (zaz6bavou) an evening out veter ve spolednosti spoledenskf (ilovdk) Hrri'li jsme karty z dlouh6 zablvat se dim. collector to be enthusiastic about sth vypadnout z mdsta prochi{zet se po lese byt nad5eny pro co vrsrTs a visit to sb/a call on sb n6v5tdva u koho bleskov6/(ne) odek6van6 n6v5tdva zastavit se u koho. quick/ (un) expected visit comPany to drop in on sb to go to see sb We're expecting company this evening.) volno navStdvovat j azykov6 kurzy well-earned rest uiit lind si zaslouienf odpodinek povalovat ndjakou iinnosti lazing about/lazing around to slob out/slob around to spend time doing sth to busy oneself with sth nicned6li'ni.. kretit si tas..) kldbosit s to unwind (in0/chill (out) (in0 relaxovat.. z|jem. zapomenout na co go (inf) good rest poiddnd si odpodinout. Make yourself comfortable.. kretit si veder atd.. vypi6hnout to chat/gossip with sb on the phone to attend language courses to take dancing/ music lessons h. spolednost Dnes veder oiekdvdme n6v5t6vu.irn po telefonu to have (some days ..

tu\t. What do you like doing in your free time? ll 796 W} :-/ !4 .s_l t':qt?- * n4F i py!99** 1 hg!? s n!r\ ryir_tr 23 . :al.6. FREETIME )mpare and contrast these pictures.

uddlat si dovolenou vzit si v pr6ci (pdr) dnri volna tr6vit dovolenou (na chatd) dovolen6 v zahraniti dovolend u moie to book a package tour zamluvit si organizovanf zijezd jet na vlastni pdst to go on one's own to rent/hire a car car hire najmout si auto ptijdovna aut holiday abroad seaside holiday to get out of town to go camping to pack/unpack one's things vypadnout z mdsta jet tdboiit sbalit si/vybalit si vdci vyfoto grafovat co /koho the ideal place for a (romantic) holiday ide6lni misto pro (romantickou) dovolenou rekreant to take a photo of sth/sb holidaymaker seaside hotel holiday snaps to come back/ fotky z dovolen6 piimoiskf hotel rekreadni oblast wdtit se z dovolen6 holiday resort return from holiday HOTEL ACCOMMODATION accommodation at the hotel boarding house/guest house ubytov6ni vhotelu double room dvouhiZkory pokoj pokoj se dvdma penzi6n motel hostinec nocleh se snidani ubytovat n6koho ubytovat se na noc v (hotelu) bydlet v hotelu hotelory pokoj/bar/vestibul rezervovat si pokoj (dopiedu. to reserve/book (in advance) to getlleave one's key to fill in the form to pay the hotel staff klii room vyplnit piihl65ku zaplatit 6det zamdstnanci hotelu hotelornj' poslidek bill reservation/booking in the name of . twin room suite jednoltiZky motel apartm6 vdetnd snidand s inn B&B (Bed and Breakfast) to put sb up to put up at (a hotel) for the night to stay atlin a including breakfast with abath air-conditioning guest at the reception desk desk clerk koupelnou klimatizace host na recepci hotel a recepdni dostat/odevzdat svfrj hotel room/bar/lobby . piedem) rezervace na jm6no.HOLIDAY to be on holiday to go on holiday to take aholiday to have aholiday to take (a few) days offwork to spend one's holiday (at the cottage) byt na dovolend jet na dovolenou holiday destination to enjoy one's holiday/ have a nice time cil dovolen6 uZit si dovolenou vzit si dbvolenou mit. fullybooked/booked up to have no vacancy to be occupied to try one's luck elsewhere to check/book into a plnd obsazen nemit volny pokoj bellboy/bellhop maid/chambermaid nonstop/fr iendly/helpfu I service pokojsk6 nepi etr Liti I piij emn6I bjt hotel obsazen zkusit Stdsti ndkde jinde zapsat se...... ub1'tovat se ochotnd sluZba buzeni telefonem pln6 penze polopenze season v sez6n6 wake-up call service v hotelu to check out ofa hotel (by 10 o'clock) single room odhldsit se z hotelu (do 10 hodin) fullboard halfboard in/atlduring high/peak jednohiZkovy pokoj in the low season/offseason mimo sez6nu 24 .... .

mlnite ncrsupply ut6boiit kemp rope peg sheet lano kolik plachta podl6Zka piivod vody toalety stan lcts Et Ssr €rilsan ground sheet waterproof sleeping bag nepromoka{ spaci piistieSek karavan.ach ball mit E rimmingbelt rendcastle fpal. piivds a pltel air mattress mosquito net insect repellent nafukovaci matrace sit' DFt up/pitch tent postavit stan zbourat stan proti kom6rrim D-Le down a tent repelent 25 . c6kat kolem CAMPING Dcrmp stanovat tent pole se stanovd tyi b titch camp/make camp . riZeh piehi6ti vyhfbat se plovaci kruh hrad z pisku Skeble Adl b ralk slunci pot6pdt se plavdik on the beach prochdzet se po pl6Zi slunednik lifeguard to splash about/around lcech umbrella stfikat. HOLIDAY BEACH sandy/shingle/nude beach pisedn6/obl6zkov6/ nudistickd pl6Z pisek deckchair to lie/lie around on the beach to sunbathe to sunburn to get tanned/get a leh6tko leZetlpovalovat se na pl6Zi opalovat se sp6lit se na slunci rrnd ey 1A r?YE moie vlna zaplavat si b have a swim to go for a swim tan opdlit se leZet na slunci/ve to lie in the sun/in the shade suntan lotion/oil/cream sunglasses stinu jit si zaplavat lrinsuit bilini bcach towel opalovaci kr6m slunedni brlile ochrana proti slunci plavlcy bikiny pl|Lov| osu5ka nafukovaci protection against the sun sunhat sunstroke/heatstroke overheating to avoid (the) sunshine to dive klobouk proti slunci b.7.

How do you usually spend your holiday? ri Il t I .7.'lr f --i: NOTES 26 . HOLIDAY to be bitten byt po5tipanf batoh.lr (fl ffi1rr- t'rl r$ju.( rl (- . krosna termoska baterka to light/put out a fire rozddlat/uhasit ohei sed6t kolem tdborovdho backpack vacuum flask to sit around the campfire to cook over the fire ohnd torch vaiit nad ohn6m HOLIDAy: compare and Gontrast these pictures.

stevard v6troi vrtule ring hnding gear {Ddryit kridlo podvozek flight crew I flight attendant captain pilotni kabina kapitrin pilot 27 (hlavni) pilot .BY RAIL TRAINS to go bytrain jetvlakem chytit vlak ) window seat corner seat sleeping carlsleeper sedadlo u okna sedadlo v rohu spaci to catch/get a train to get on/board a train to get offa train to change to pull into a station to pull out ofa station to travel via (a place) vtiz nastoupit do vlaku vystoupit z vlaku dining carlbufiet car luggagevan jidelni vriz zavazadlovivtn chodba piestoupit corridor ATTHE RAILWAY STATION piijet do stanice vylet ze stanice cestovat pies (main) railway station (hlavni) vlakov6 n6dr aLi train journey'ride jizda vlakem koleje arrival departure pifjezd odjezd nils to derail rykolejit i.eleznice timetable to be/arrive on time to be delayed jizdnii6d.ipravdi cestujici police na zavazadla ulidka lehdtko mitzpoLdlni n6stupiStd uain dispatcher traveller/passenger luggage rack eisle platform ticket offi celbooking offi ce pokladna train/rail fare What's the fare? single ticket jizdnl Kolik stoji jizdenka? jednoduchd jizdenka zp6tetni jizdenka ouchette passenger train osobni vlak ndkladni vlak osobni. piijet na das nilway guard/conductor prrivoddi l".essenger plane/airliner linka) imbo jet Lrlicopter private) jet proudo{ letoun helikopt6ra (soukromy) tryskdd horkovzdu5nli bal6n riloZnf prostor sedadlo belt bezpednostni p6s tt I fot air) balloon gfider propeller hand luggage economy class business class piirudni zavazadlo turisticka tiida obchodni tiida pos6dka letadla letuSka. zastdvkorn/ vlak return ticket freight/goods train rtopping train crpress/high-speed train waitingroom station hall entrance iekirna vestibul rychlik vchod through train cngine piimf vlak lokomotiva strojvedouci vag6n (nrikladniho vlaku) vag6n (osobniho vlaku) kup6 wayout left-luggage office vfchod rischovna zavazadel agine driver I:rgon bufiet/refreshment vendingmachine bookstall information board obierstveni prodejni automat st6nek s novinami crriage compartment informadni tabule BY AIR IITI{E5 AND FLIGHTS eir) plane/aeroplane/aircraft cabin letadlo dopravni letadlo (pravideln6 kabina letadla pro cestujici row aisle overhead locker seat seat iada ulidka .

idlun zdchrannf dlun z6vodni dlun plachetnice hold cabin podpalubi kajuta hiZko berth gangway engine room lodni mirstek strojovna 28 .dlni mit velk6 zpoLdEni (dvouhodinov6) zp oi. TRAVEL co-pilot to fly a druhf pilot security check bezpetnostni kontrola rentgenov6 zaiizeni plane iidit letadlo letdt letadlem v letadle na palubd letldla sedadlo u okna/v ulidce X-raymachine metal detector to go by plane on the plane detektor kovu terminal departure lounge gate number termindl odletov6 hala dislo br6ny aboard/on board the plane windodaisle to fly seat letdt nadmoisk6 vf5ka trasa turbulence transit lounge information board destination departures arrivals announcement to be slightly delayed to be badly/seriously delayed a tranzitni hala informadni tabule destinace altitude route turbulence to be airsick to crash air crash to book/cancel a odlety trpdt nevolnosti v letadle piilety hl65eni ziitit flight se leteck6 neStdsti mit mirn6 zpoi. v.dlni chytit/zme5kat letadlo nastoupit do letadla vystoupit z letadla zamluvit si/zru5it let pravidelny let speciAl domestic/international fl ight witrozemslc.8.1?letni lod oil tanker barge ponorka hausb6t paluba iidni nrikladni dlun dlun boat motorboat fishingboat lifeboat powerboat sailing boat motorovf dlun ryb6ish.i/mezin6rodni let scheduled flight delay of (2 hours) to catch/miss a plane to get on/board a charter flight connecting flight connection budget flight plane navazujici let spojeni to get offa plane to land/touch down piist6t vzl6tnout pojind|t (o letadle) vzlet letadla bezpedn6/hladk6/neklidn6 rozpodtovf levnf let to take off to taxi non-stop/direct flight Have a nice flight! AT THE AIRPORT piimylet St'astnf let! take-off safe/smooth/bumpy landing piistdni odbavit piep|Lkapro odbaveni letenka to check in check-in desk air ticket boarding card to wergh excess luggage runway to collect one's luggage baggage claim piist6vaci a vzletov6 driiha ryzvednout si zavazadla vydejna zavazadel palubni listek zvLLII trolley/cart carousel vozik pohyblrvy zav azadlot$ celni prohlidka pasovf kontrola pis nadmdrn6 zavazadlo pasov6 kontrola customs passport control immigration arrivals lounge visa vizum piiletovd hala BY SEA passenger ship dopravni lod r"iiletni lod pravideln6 linka yacht catamaran sails jachta katamardn cruise ship liner ocean plachty lanovi liner zaocednsky parnik ngging dinghy cruiser submarine houseboat deck ferry cargo ship/freighter trajekt nrikladni lod tanker gumo{dlun kiiZnik.

8. What does their company offer? Which form of transportation? X'TES 29 . TRAVEL TRANSPORTATION EMPLOYEES: each of the individuals below work for a transportation company.

vrak lodi trosednik zachr |nEnir ( dlovdk. proch6zet se crossbar brake lever gear lever horni r6m p6ka brzdy pdsl<y hiking/trekking hike/trek hiker to go hiking strenuous (climb) exhausting rucksacVbackpack to hitchhike to pick up a hitchhiker pd5i turistika pd5i p65i piehazovaci p6ka tura turista chain sprocket wheel iet|z ozuben6 pievodov6 kolo chodit na pdSi tirry namrlhavy (vystup) pedal peddl to hike (the Rocky mountains) prochodit (Skalist6 hory) vysilujici batoh.s. plavit se plavba na palubd klidn6/rozbouien6 moie vlna tide ebb to be seasick to be shipwrecked piiliv odliv trpdt moiskou nemoci ztroskotat pot6p6t se. krosna stopovat innertube brake mudguards kickstand rear light duie brzda blatniky stojan zadni svdtlo odrazka pumpidka vzit stopaie cyklistika na kole reflector pump lock bike rack helmet cycling bybike cyclist/rider to ride a zimek stojan na kola cyklista jet na kole jet se projet na kole bike/to cycle helma ddtskd sedadka to go for a bike ride child seat cycle path cycle lane handlebars saddle iiditka sedlo cyklostezka jizdni pruh pro cyklisty 30 . piistavi6t6 harbour port pier/jetty quay to sink shipwreck castaway survivor ON FOOT/BY BICYCTE to walk on foot jit pd5ky. kterf pieZil) to set sail for (a place) vyplout (kam) piistav (piirodni) piistav (vybudovanf) piistavni hr6z (vybihajici do moie). molo (umdl6) nibi eLi. klesat ztroskotdni. l'yplout maj6k b6je pobieZni hlidka piid ziil niimoinik kapitdn pos6dka cestujici nastoupit do lodd vystoupit z lodd sailor captain the crew passenger to board a ship to drop anchor to get offa ship to embark to disembark toweigh anchor lighthouse nalodit vylodit se se buoy coastguard calm/rough sea wave embarkation disembarkation to sail voyage on board naloddni rylod€ni plout.TRAVEL mast stdZei dock dok loddnice rudder bridge Prow stern kormidlo kapitrlnshy' mtstek shipyarl to be in port to moor to come into port to leave port anchor at anchor kotvit v piistavu zakoMt lodl piiv6zat lod ke biehu vplout do piistavu vyplout kotva zakotven spustit kotvu zvednout kotvu.

r.TRAVEL A FANTASTIC TRIP: tell the story of Mr Adventure's journey.8.ryl "//% W TOTES 31 .

trdet v dopravni jet na dervenou flyover crash barrier fine wheelclamp to be fined for (a parking violation/speeding) at a speed of50 kmph at high/low speed pokuta botidka byt pokutovdn za (5patn6 to get caught in rush-hour to be stuck in heavy traffic/ a traffic jam to crawl to control traffic parkovrini/rychlou jizdu) rychlosti 50 km/h rysokou/nizkou rychlosti jet nejvy55i moZnou zicpE plazit se. clearly-marked roadway roadway main thoroughfare road safety parking meter disabled parking hlavni dopravni tepna bezpednost na silnici prdce na silnici traffic sign warning traffi c rules/regulations to follodobey/observe sth to complywith sth to break sth dopravni znaika vfstraha dopravni piedpisy roadwork diversion objiZdka iidit se se dim. piejit silnici to go at top/ftrll speed speed trap traffic lights rychlosti silnidni kontrola rychlosti nechat nadfchat do bal6nku trafrc warden to cross the road crossroads at the (next) crossroads to breathalyze kiiiovatka na (dal5i) kiiZovatce nepiehlednd kiiiovatka.e) licence piijit o iididsky prtikaz to back/reverse/go backwards couvat to start (up) sth/get sth started nastartovat co slowly pomalu uvolnit spojku zaiadit rychlost to put the car in gear pieiadit rychlost zp|teini rychlost to bacVreverse the car out of (the garage) vycouvat autem z (gariLe) 32 . dodrZovat co poru5it co. dodrZovat co roundabout one-way street kruhor"i objezd jednosmdrn6 ulice odrazov| sklo (kodiii oko) ostr6/dvoj it6lslep6 zat6dka iidit iim. dobie znaden6 vozovka vozovka car on the roads. breathalyzer breathalyzer test bal6nek dechovd zkouSka na alkohol blind crossing to look out zebra crossing drunk-driving iizeni pod vlivem alkoholu prtikaz piechod rozhl6dnout se to be disqualified from driving mit zabavenf iididsky znadeny piechod pro chodce to disqualify sb from driving zabavit komu iidiisky prtkaz DRIVING driving school driving lesson to learn to drive autoSkola to be in gear to take the car out ofgear to slowdown to speed up/accelerate to back the car up to back/reverse the car into (the garage) mitzalazenou rychlost hodina jizdy naudit se iidit vyiadit rychlost zpomalit to obtain one's driving licence ziskat iididskf prrikaz to lose one's driving to release the clutch to change gear reverse gear zrychlit zacouvat autem zacouvat autem do (gar6i. semafor dopravni policista piejet. nedodrZet dopravni piestupek spdchat piestupek cat's eye traffi c violation/offence to commit an offence to jump the lights sharp/double/blind bend underpass podjezd nadjezd svodidlo dostat se do dopravni Spidky uv6znout.TRAFFIC heavytraffic busy/clear road There wasn't much traffic hustd doprava to cross against the red to run out into the road to be hit by car park a piejit na dervenou vbdhnout na silnici byt sraZen autem parkovi5td parkovaci hodiny parkoviStd pro invalidy ru5n6/voln6 silnice Na silnicich nebylo moc aut. tdhnout se iidit dopraru doprawi signalizace.

9. I t I TOTES 33 . What do you think has happened in each? &.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING TRAFFIc VloLAT|oNs: comment on the situations below.

zastavit direction in the direction of (Prague) motorway) along/up/down a road to turn off (the on a road to stop in to pay a attbytontheroadside alay-by toll :"ffIT' zastavit na odpodivadle zaplatit mytn6 mainroad side/back road hlavni silnice vedlejSi silnice to concentrate on driving soustiedit se na jizdu to get lost ztratit se motorway dillnice roadmap silnitni mapa ujet (pades6t) kilometrri Do5el n6m benzin.9.ifuk zpdtnf svdtlomet brzdov6 svdtlo odrazov6 svdtlo boot door door handle ! ! dveie dveini klika reflector 34 l $ L . uniknout o vlas CAR EXTERIOR bumper karos6rie stiecha stieSni ok6nko n6raznik registradni znatka sv6tlomet obrysov6 svdtlo bodywork roof sunroof roofrack aerial windscreen numberplate headlight sidelight stieini zahr6dka ant6na delni sklo wiper side-viedwing mirror windscreen foglight indicator front/rear wheels wing tyre hubcap exhaust pipe reverse light brake light mlhovka blikad piedni/zadni kola blatnik pneumatika poklice piedni stdrad zpEtn| zrc6tko zadni sklo kapota zavazadlovy prostor rearwindow bonnet \. hav6rie limit piekrodit maxim6'lni povolenou rychlost na posledni chvili prudce skondit (kde) pievr6tit se to swerve at the last moment zatotil to skid/go into a skid dostat smyk damage to have a close shave/ to do some a narTow escape zptsobit Skodu mit nam6le. sjet z (d6lnice) po silnici na silnici togoroundthebend to stop/pull up to pull in/over projetzat6dkou zastavit zajet (ke krajnici). inside/middle/outsidelane vnitini/prostiedni/vndj5i jizdni pruh three-laneroad/motorway tiiproudovdsilnice/ddlnice to change lanes piejii:d|t do jin6ho pruhu odboait (kam) zabrzdit (prudce) into/onto tobrake (sharply/hard) to turn kilometres We've run out of petrol. odbotit d6t piednost v jizdd d6vat znameni brakes to overtake (on a bend) to put/slam on the to pass sth Sl6pnout/dupnout na brzdy piedjiZd6t (v zatiice) mijet co protijedouci auto smdr smdrem na (Prahu) odbodit z. na derpaci stanici pln6 n6drZ benzinu jezdit nabezolovnaty benzin CAR ACCIDENTS to cause an accident to report an accident fatal road accidents careless/reckless driver to go like a madman to exceed/break the speed zprisobit nehodu nahldsit nehodu smrteln6 doprarmi nehody to run offthe road sjet ze silnice to drive one's car into a ditch sjet autem do piikopu to crash into/hit to collide collision/crash to end up in (a to overturn bezohlednf iidid jet jako Silenec sth (head-on) place) narazit do ieho srazit se (delnd) sr6Zka.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING to go straight to curve/furn to giveway to signal oncoming car jet rovnd zatodit. to fill up the tank at a petrol station a tankful of petrol to run on unleaded petrol to do (fifty) natankovat nildri.

TRAEf IC AND DRIVING A CAR ACCIDENT: tellthe story of Victor's accident (and personality). h hs TOTES 35 .9.

. vyprostit prokluzovat tow vzit koho do vleku odt6hnout (kam) vyt6hnout odtahov.TRAFFIC AND DRIVING rear light koncov6 svdtlo odometer m6iid ujetfch kilometrri ot6dka petrol cap viko od nidrLe piivdsnf vozik rev(olution) rev counter trailer INTERIOR otddkomdr vr. uv6znout zachr6nit.ymdnit namontovat co tfre rezerrmi pneumatika zved6k jack wrench spare parts klii na matice vfmontovat co zapalovaci widka n6hradni dily mechanik autoservis prov6st generillni prohlidku auta mechanic car service point flat/charged battery to recharge the battery engine kontakt vybit6/nabit6 baterie dobit baterii motor chladid to overhaul worn-out/used old banger ojety starf ki6p radiator 36 . podvozek vadnd brzdy ojet6 pneumatika praskl6 pneumatika a place) defective brakes bald tyne odtahov6 sluZba puncture spare zkontrolovat r.9. doplnit nemrznouci kapalina prosakovat to fix the trouble warning triangle to be left stranded to rescue to give sb to tow (to to pull breakdown lorry/truck tow service to check for sth to change/replace to fit sth to remove sth/take sth off (spark)plug a vystrainf trojfhelnik trdet.istraZn6 svdtlo warning light fuel gauge volant klakson steering wheel ukazatel stavu paliva ukazatel teploty temperature gauge heater controls car radio horn rear-view mirror ovl6drini topeni autor6dio zpttnt zrc6tko zapalovini klidek od zapalovini ignition ignition key brake clutch accelerator dashboard gear lever front/back seat headrest piednilzadni sedadlo opdrka hlavy syst6m brzda spojka ped6l plynu anti-lock braking system (ABS) protiblokovac i br zdovy air conditioning airbag seat klimatizace airbag bezpednostni p6s d6tsk6 sedadka palubni deska pievodov6 pdka belt manual/automatic gearbox speedometer rudni/automatick6 pievodovka tachometr child seat satellite navigation satelitni navigace central locking system centr6lni zamykSni PROBLEMS WITH A CAR to have a breakdown mit poruchu odstranit z|vadu silencer to top up antifreeze to be leaking to be slipping petrol tank chassis tlumid dolit.i vriz nidri.

obyvatel podchod metro trasa underground line hustota obyvatel within reach of public transport refuse collection v dosahu mdstsk6 dopravy likvidace. stoka odpad chudinskd dtwt' drain sewer waste housing estate/neighbourhood sidli6td rqu.nre nrfundsti industrial/shopping/ pedestrian zone to go into town a prrimyslovd/n6kupni/ p65i z6na slum community to be surrounded by noise and pollution komunita b1t obklopen hlukem a jit do m6sta wide choice of entertainment Sirohi v'ibdr zdbarry.TOWN big town/city small town velkomdsto malomdsto tram trolley fare stop railway/bus station subway tramvaj trolejbus capital hlavni mdsto historick6 mdsto jizdn| zast6vka home/industrial/historical rodn6/prrimyslov6/ town ielezniinilautobus ov 6 nidr aLi neighbourhood/district/area mdstsk6dtvrt. odvoz odpadu pielidn6nf migrace pracovni piileZitosti migration irb opportunities town centre in a suburb on the outskirts refuse/rubbish durnp sanitation sewage disposal plant sklidka odpadu kanalizace centrum mdsta na piedmdsti na okraji mdsta distiika odpadnich vod odpad. obvod population inhabitant population density overcrowded obyvatelstvo obdan. mist k pobaveni sportovni/z6bavni centrum nedistotou bustling/lively ruSny. obecni sluZ\ tov6rna nemocnice l6pitd lolice station municipal authorities town/municipal council town councillor policie hasidi hromadn6 doprava zastupitelstvo mdstsky radni frt station Fblic transport municipal elections komunflni volby 37 . uspdchanli rports/entertainment centre indoor swimming pool playground rmusement park EUsleUm dull run-down buildings rising crime to be a safe place to live nezajimat$ kryti hiiStd baz6n zchitrall budovy rostouci zlotinnost by't bezpednd z6bavnf park misto muzeun divadlo botanick6 zahrada zoologickd zahrada kbydleni town/urban planning newhousing built-up area slcyscraper pl6nov6ni m6sta novostavba zastavdn6 plocha Seatre botanical garden roological garden/zoo burist information rouvenirs/gift shop informadni kanceldi pro mrakodrap urbanizace Zivelnd z6stavba krajiny turisty obchod se suvenfry urban development urban sprawl urban renewal town hall Hku idustry svices 6ctory prrimysl obnova m6sta radnice magistrdt mdstskd rada. odtok kan6l.

TOWN AND SIGHTS CITY LIFE: which aspects of living in a town or city do each of these pictures show? NOTES 38 .lO.

jet si prohl6dnout pamdtky prov6st koho po pam6tk6ch prov6st koho po pam6tk6ch well-preserved destroyed ruins remains to consist of sth to form to restore/renovate to convert into sth to be (partly) restored/ poznivaci zijezd.) architektura skv6$ piiklad (gotick6) tomb catacombs hrobka katakomby katedrdla 6ne example of (Gothic) rrchitecfure stav\ cathedral 39 .ii ko$ litter bin dustbin to be full of litter/be littered street crime street corner to live on the streets street musicians popelnice byt plny odpadkri. zneiiStdny deserted/empty street cobbled street pavement ulice dl6iddn6 kodidimi hlavami chodnik curb/kerb pedestrian poulidni zlodinnost roh ulice obrubnik chodec iit na ulici poulidni umdlci SIGHTS to see the sights/do some sightseeing to go sightseeing to show sb the sights to take sb round the sights sightseeing tour sightseeing coach guided tour prohliZet si pam6tky to be preserved to burn down dochovat se shoiet zachovali. &te of foundation nigin b d'te encient ptvod. stoleti) tower town gate mdstskii brdna mdstsk6 hradby staroby$ stiedovdh. ) architecture (moderni/klasickd .. sryl townwalls nedieval qrle lde fortification column fountain residence/seat opevndni sloup kaSna pozdni .... pam6tnik lo originate vzniknout datum zaloZeni zimek z6mek.lO.TOWN AND SIGHTS STREET high/shopping street side/back street hlavniin6kupni tfida postranni ulice ulidka.y busy'quiet street crowded street to walk the street (after dark) to drop litter jit po ulici (po setmdni) odhodit odpadky odpadkov.i sloh. hrad vEir. trosky pozristatky skl6dat se z deho jit. mezi budovami) ru6nri/tichd ulice ulice plnd lidi opu5tdn6 ulice passer-by street lamp kolemjdouci poulidni lampa "ll. pl6n cesty se prtvodce (kniha) nachdzet se byt (ddstednd) zrenovovdn/ piestavdn rebuilt to rankamong sth to be rich in sth iadit se mezi co to fte) spread out !o found/establish rozprostirat se zaloLit byt bohaty na co monument/memorial chateau castle pomnik. vyhlidkor{ autobus prohlidka ztratit s prtvodcem tvoiit renovovat piestavdt na co itinerary to get lost guide book to be situated/be located trasa.d'' lomanesque Crcthic rar{... vznik back to (the 13th century) pochizet z ( 13. zniden ziicenina. prrichod (napi. rom6nskf goticlc)t sidlo kl65ter Zenshy' monastery convent church chapel kl66ter lcnaissance renesancnl kostel kaple lrroque =odemi e barokni dassic .

lproslu$ dim pozoruhodnf (rysipiiklad byt pozoruhodny dim zajimaty. projit. nddhernf kouzlo mista obliben6 likadlo turistti arch dome oblouk kupole klenba. ptisobirni velkolepy. Ir !t /- .. nabaZit se ieho outskirts/environs a okoli poutni misto obdivovat objevovat. projet si st6t za viddni place of pilgrimage to admire to explore to be worth seeing tiredness to get sick and tired ofsth (spoken) to become overloadedwith sth byt zahlcen well-known znimy. poutar{ . krlpta. popular tourist attraction pillar observation tower pilii to attract huge numbers pfitahovat obrovsk6 rozhledna oftourists to pay the entrance fee free ofcharge to wander around mnoisM turistri zaplatit vstupn6 vstupn6 zdarma toulat se kolem rinava omrzet co. mtn|znimy vfznamnf ) to be famous/renowned for sth bytznimi.lO. I I i l t4"- 40 ..TOWN AND sIGHTs basilica chamber stafue mosque bazilika komnata socha meSita little-known significant notable (feature/example to be notable for sth .) temple synagogue steeple/spire chrdm synagoga Spidat6 vdZ interesting fascinating/breathtaking impressive magnificenVsplendid the charm ofthe place richvatnf impozantni. sejf vault cornice iimsa sloup..proslu$ iim NN lt /r..

XOTES 41 .IO.TOWN AND SIGHTS STREET: compare these two pictures and try to find at least 5 differences between them.

. iizeni povol6ni. podiizenli b1t podiizen komu pracovat pod lg'rn dohliZet na koho..) odddleni. funkci pracovni misto st6tni spr6va st6tni zamdstnanec manu6lni/du5evni prdce post department head senior foreman superior/boss subordinate to report to sb to work under sb to be in charge ofsb to be familiar with sth to introduce sb to clock in/out position/post civil service civil servant manual/intellectual job to have one's own business to run a mistr (dflny) nadiizenj. odbor vedouci pracornik.. b1il Liv z ieho living to live off (music. interest from savings . mit svou vlastni Zivnost firm iidit firmu samostatnd vliddlednf self-employed to freelance casual/seasonal job bft byt na voln6 noze piileZitostn6/sez6nni prdce zodpovd..) to hold a (personiilni ..EMPTOYMENT to employ sb/take sb on employer employee zamdstnat koho.) department {kon pr6ce doma sedav6 zamdstn6ni zamdstnanci. znalost mit voln6 pracovni misto na (pozici) poslat iddost o misto ability skill knowledge command job application to attach a curriculum vitae/CV piiloZit Zivotopis brief/concise detailed to state one's data to a strudnf podrobnf uv6st sv6 tidaje (in)sufficient school report (ne)dostateinf rysvdddeni fill in/complete vyplnit dotaznik diploma exam in sth diplom zkouika z deho questionnaire 42 . piijmout koho zamdstnavatel zamdstnanec workfromhome sedentary job stafi/labour/personnel/ workforce white-collar worker blue-collar worker headquarters chiefexecutive management (personnel ..dni. za koho byt obezn6men s dim zaudit koho oznadit piichod/odchod summer job to moonlight letni brig6da melouchaiit APPLYING FOR A JOB to look for/seek to apply for a a job hledat si/uch6zet se o pr6ci zaLidat o pr6ci uchazed o co references reference job to fix a meeting to go for ajob interview to be called/be invited domluvit si schrizku applicant for sth labour office jit na piijimaci pohovor fiad prdce byt pozvrin na pohovor vybdrov6 iizeni uddlat (dobrf) dojem na job centre to place/put an ad vacancy/opening pracovni agentura podat si inzerit voln6 pracovni misto for an interview selection to make a (good) impression on sb to be short-listed to submit one's certificates recruitment to become vacant koho postoupit do uiSiho ryb6ru n6bor uvolnit se (o pracovni pozici) to have a vacancy for (a position) to send a piedloZit svd osvdddeni schopnost dovednost znalost(i) ovl6drini. posl6ni living ryddl6vat na Zivoblti Zivit se dim uZivit se dim. manaLer vedouci odddleni sluZebnd starii executive/manager zast|v at p ozlci. pracovni sily occupation line of work profession vocation to make/earn to do sth for a a zamdstndni obor. branZe profese (odbornd) pracovnik v kancel6ii pracovnik ddlnick6 profese ieditelsM generrilni ieditel vedeni.

.. neuspdt obsadit pracovni misto pracovni smlouva elementary intermediate...vyhoielf" zvlddnout co . rest pay rise I I I CAREER I build up one's career on well budovat si karidru to work one's way (up) to ..lopota vypdti rorking hours/worlctime flexible/fixed hours to work shifts to work morning shifts to work double shifts to workovertime pracomi doba udiit se k smrti pracovat na smdny pracovat na ranni sm6nu pracovat na dvd smdny pracovat piesdas dojiZddt do pr6ce pracormi prostiedi oddiit tu nejhorii pr6ci nepiediit ulejvat se simulovat se b commute towork rorking environment rorkload cniryable nepostradatelnf polevit (v risili). JOB work experience Praxe the basics ofsth zriklady ieho qualified (in)experienced graduate kvalifikovanli (ne)zkuSeny fluently to get by in (English) to evaluate plynnd dorozumdt se v (anglidtind) vysokoSkollk vysokoSkolsk6 vyhodnotit zv6Zit. zvolnit byt piepracov6n pracovni ivazek.i?$it odvolat koho z riiadu byt odvoldn koho osvdddit se odvolini (z funkce) 43 . zav alen. jmenoviin . paperwork) b be swampedwith sth be overwhelmed by/ dayoff vzit si den volna neplacen6 volno unpaidleave pay/salary/wage nahromadit se lpile plat. mzda odmdna mimoplatov6 vyhody dostat piiddLno up b procrastinate brelsg remuneration perks/fringe benefits to get a odklidat (ze dne na den) nedod6l6vka.btJLzraly" naco rhrusting vyierp6vajici byt zavalen dim byt. zitdt prisobici radost zhroutit se Dnotonous *ressful jednotv6rny stresujici . g. btet daiit se dobie kvalifikaci byt pieskoden namisto -improve zryiit si forpromotion careerist/climber to be appointed to remove/suspend sb from office to be suspended removaVsuspension -'s aeining r qualifications rekvalifikace poepects for promotion promote sb D prove one's ability vyhlidky na pov'y'Seni Pov'. posoudit higher education ' m vzdllilni to consider to bitious/self-driven ctiZ6dostirnf schopnlf.1 1.. to be passed over I I dotiihnout to (aZ) na povf5eni kari6rista b1t zvolen. advanced) level pokroiil6) rirovei WORK foll-time/part-time job plnf/idstednf rivazek pracovni doba pr uiLniI p evn6 drudgery strain to work oneself to death to do the donkeywork to go slow to shirk to malinger indispensable to downshift/slowdown to be overworked to break down burned out to manage sth to feel/be ready for sth to take a diina. zaplaven dim I rith sth (e. stiedni pokro dil6. vykonnf notiff vyrozumdt splnit poiadavky uspdt effcient industrious/hardworking communicative (in)decisive r to meet the requirements to succeed to fail to fill the post contract of employment pracovit'/ komunikatirmi (ne)rozhodnf (zai6te ini.

11. JOB

EMPLOYMENT: comment on each of these jobs, thinking of qualification, time at worlc duties, pay or salary, and prospects for the future of each.

NOTES

44

1

1. JOB

LEAVING A JOB
to give notice to quit/leave a job notice period
ddt vypov6d

working regulations discipline
to complywith sth to neglect
negligence

pracovni i6d

odejitzpr6ce
rni;pov6dni

k6zei

lhtta

iidit

se

dim

dismissal
to dismiss (at an hour's notice)

propu5tdni

zanedbat

propustit (na hodinu) vyhodit, vfrazit koho zpr6ce
,,dostat pad6ka" kvrili demu

nedbalost neschopnost hrub6 poru5e ni kiznd,

incompetence
gross misconduct

to sack (inf)/throw out (inf)i tue (inf) sb
to be/get fired (inf)/
sacked (inf) for sth

viLnf

piestupek to misappropriate to reveal sth to take measures to investigate to dradface consequences
to be entitled to sth

zpronevdiit odhalit co udinit opatieni prodetiit vyvodit/n6st dtsledky

leid ofi/made redundant redundancy redundant redundancypay
to terminate

propu5tdn (z or ganizainich

dtrvodti)
nadbytek
nadbytedny, nepotiebnf

odstupn6, od5kodnd ukondit pracovni pomdr
zku5ebni

to be out of work/unemployed b1t nezamdstnanli

mit n6rok na co
podpora v nezamdstnanosti byt na podpoie
nemocensk6 d6vky

one's employment

unemployment benefits

probation
to take early retirement unreasonable

lhtta

to be on the dole (inf)
sickness benefits

odejit pieddasnd do penze bezdrivodnli nedobrovoln6
absence

maternity benefits
to be on maternity leave to be on strike

rodidovsk6 podpora
b'.it na mateisk6 dovolen6

involuntarily
absenteeism

stivkovat
st6vkovat proti demu/za co

labour furnover
to breach
a

fluktuace pracovni sily poruSit poru6eni (piedpisri)

to strike against/for sth to call for sth

volat po dem, poZadovat co

breach (of regulations)

}]
lt

v

q

r/ (e,

45

1

1. JOB

JOB SATISFACTION: invent a story explaining why Patrick decided to leave his job.

{;;tffi

t 3/

, fG,

\ffi

r /rts

A

h'

'_\,

NOTES

46

ahine) bank statement bankovni v'. balik.ipis piederp6ni konta piederpat ridet. bankovni automat overdraft to go overdrawn jit do minusu 47 .MONEY MATTERS (small) change banknote cash drobn6 bankovka hotovost v hotovosti to be stinking rich be filthy rich (inf) (inf)/ byt nechutnd bohaty to have moneyto burn to cost a a lot of money/ fortune in cash to make/earn (good) to spend money on to waste money on mit dost pen6z na vyhazovini stdt hodn6 pendzlcel6 jmdni money vyddl6vat (slu5n6) penize utrdcet penize za co sth sth to lend sb to borrow vyhodit. rystadit s (i6stkou) Litzteho vyi:it z (i6stky) vypl6znout (poiddni balik/ naikudlit.o5kubat" koho do hal6ie good/sound investment to payoff to convert sth into money to be loaded (inf)/ bc rolling in dobr6 investice moneylaundering counterfeit money prani $pinavych pendz fale5n6 penize Spinav6 penize vyplatit se zpenlLit co bliit prachat'y'. a mint (inf) nahrabat si to invest money in sth investovat penize do ieho to pump moneyinto sth w|Letpenize do teho bill to paylfoot the bill a to run up huge uddlat velikou ftratu zaplatit.y.ybrat penize z ridtu a r&posit froiit vyS5im procentem moneywith bank uloZit penize v bance uloZit penize v bance DFt money in a bank . pro5ustrovat penize za co ro ptijdit komu to squander/blow (inf) money on sth to lose money on sth to save money on sth to save up money for sth to scrimp and save zhazovat. Setrnf rozhazovadny' tlovdk thdfty spendthrift to be short of money to splash out (a wad/ an amount) on sth idstku) za co (ddstku) mit mdlo pendz byt bez koruny to cough up (an amount) (inf) vypl6znout. na3etiit spoiiv. ryhodit p enize to owe to raise money to get by on/manage with (an amount) to live on sth to live on (an amount) ptijiit si dluiit sehnat penize za co proddlat penize na dem u5etiit penize na dem na5etiit penize na co vyjit.. zatdhn out ridet tahat z koho penize to pump sb for money money down the drain to bleed sb for every last penny vyhozen6 penize obrat.lllt (automatic teller u. dirty money topit se it (inf) idle money pocket money v pendzich penize leZici ladem kapesn6 THE BANK b open an account rith a bank orrent/deposit/savings/ zaloLit si u banky riiet bankcharge loan to take out a bankovni poplatek ptijdka dnt account b6inylvkladni/spoiitelni/ spoleinf ridet vklad vyb6r prov6st vklad provdst v'y'bdr loan vzit si ptijdku spl6cet. splatit prijtku &posit rithdrawal to repay/pay offthe loan repayment/instalment standing order interest on sth interest rate to pay higher interest statement of account/ spl6tka t make a deposit trvalypiikaz rirok z deho frokov6 mira lmake awithdrawal rdraw (out)/ rlfdrawmoney r. ryklopit to be penniless to be flat broke/be stony broke byt Svorc to make a fortune/a pile (inf)/ vyddlat jmdni. .

)fu & \r/ >z '' \ 1\ \'\*\i' \ t./ l r/ / 4 ) NOTES 48 . byt v minusu WAYS TO GET RICH: tell the story of what happens to this (lucky?) lottery winner.. MONEY to be overdrawn (an amount) to be in the red by by't piederprin o (kolik) to write sb a cheque for rlpsat Sekkomu na (d6stku) (an amount) (inf) bytzadlui. /.12.eni./_ .

"/kladni skiini prohliZet si zboZi ve ziloha fakturovat faktura schovat si tiitenku rykladnich skiinich rozhlii. objednat skladovat sklad brand I nake branded goods znatkovdzboLi n6lepka. najit co opening hours shopping list prodejni doba seznam n6kupu to charge change payment deposit to invoice an invoice shoppingbag in the shop window to go window-shopping to look around the shop to browse around a shop shopping basket niikupni taSka ve'. I t- hb€l to order to store warehouse/store picelist Trice tag cenik cenovka zboii F I lsellwell jit na odbyt stoclctaking/inventory-taking inventura l- t- 49 . visadka.et se v obchodd brouzdat po obchodd to keep the receipt/bill proofofpurchase HP (hire purchase) to have sth on doklad o koupi koupd na spl6tky nrikupni ko5ik vozik st6t ve frontd.) additionaVextra charge to have sth in stock to be out ofstock We piir6ika mit co na skladd nemit na skladd My je nevedeme. vyst6t frontu st6t ve frontd trolley to queue (up) to be/stand/wait in a queue to trial mit co na zkou5ku dovolit si co (finandnd) krdst v obchodd to afford sth to shoplift join the queue zaiadit se do fronty shoplifter kr6msky zloddj GOODS goods zboLi expensive/pricey cheap/inexpensive drahf levny product item l"lirobek drthzboLi Sirolcy priceless/valuable worthless/valueless free ofcharge cennf bezcenny zdarma ride choice/range/selection essortment !o choose from sth vybdr sortiment vybrat si z deho znaika (spotiebniho zboii) znadka (elektro apod.drobn6 platba lydat se utrdcet sh6ndt co narazit na co. etiketa don't stock them.IN A SHOP to do the shopping to go shopping to buy/purchase sth nakupovat to jump the queue at the tilUcash desk/checkout piedbihat ve frontd u pokladny jit nakupovat koupit co kupujici zil<aznik spotiebitel nakupujici proddvajici prodavad to serve to be served obsluhovat byt obslouZen Dostdvdte? buyer customer consumer shopper seller shop assistant cashier to go on a shopping spree to be looking for sth to come across sth Are you being served? to wrap sth up zabalit co igelitov6/papirov6 ta5ka pendZenka (d6msk6) pen6Zenka (p6nsk6) plastic/paper bag purse wallet to pay (in) cashiby credit card/by cheque to include VAT (value added tax) pokladni platit hotovd/kreditni kartou/5ekem zahrnovat DPH ridtovat w6cen6 penize.

.) stand stri. SHOPPING SHOPS AND SERVICES shopping centre supermarket chain store obchodni centrum supermarket bar cofiee shop bar bufet stdnek s obderstvenim obchodni ietlzec obchridek refreshment stall snack-bar health food shop/ wholefood shop corner shop department department store bufet obchod se zdravou vyZivou obchodni odddleni obchodni drim pekaiswi baker's butcher's chemist's stationer's office supplies boutique to try sth on in to a butik ieznictvi drogerie fitting room vyzkou5et si co v kabince fit padnout (o velikosti) sluSet papirnictvi kanceliisk6 potieby obchod se smi5enfm zboLim to suit a good size dobr{ velikost ve v5ech velikostech grocef's counter greengrocer's newsagent's in all sizes dry-cleaner's launderette hairdresser's pult zelin6istvi trafika obchod s distirna samoobsluZn6 prddelna kadeinicM holidstvi fishmonger's deli rybami barber's estate agent's lahridk6isM kvdtin6istvi obchod s realitni kancel6i cestovni kancelii ironmonger's/hardware store Lelez...) (ice cream/hotdog .nek (se zmrzlinou/s v rohliku . akce dlovdk miluj ici nakupovrl'ni se slevou half-price polovinu bdZn6 ceny bargain hunter 50 . l0 pounds off at a bargain/reduced price deset liber sleva se slevou/za sniZenou vyprodej.. naprodej za sniZend ceny (AmE) na prodej to get discount on sth a to buy sth at discount koupit co se slevou for sale (clearance) sale cenu ... ro'zviLka don65kov6 sluZba cukr6rna dajovna delivery delivery service to deliver the goods caf6 kav6rna hospoda pub dodatzboLi SALE a good value/a real bargain a v. bazar.13.iihodnd koupd dostat slevu na co on sale k dostrini. vete5nictvi prodej pouiit6ho zboLi z optician's household goods china shop giftshop antiques sweetshop tea shop/tearoom optika junkshop jumble sale car-boot sale to get rid ofsth available by mail order s domici potieby obchod porcel6nem obchod s d6rkol".) zlevndn6 (ovocei hradky za ) mimoi6dn6 nabidka..) repair shop opravna (aut/jizdnich kol/ klenoty obuvi bot. doprodej lednov6 '.ipro deje zboLi the fanuary sales special offer cut-price (fruit/toys ...) trZiSt6 knihkupecM obchod s p6rky market flea market second-hand shop toy shop electrical appliances hradk6isM elektrospotiebide bleii trh second-hand bazar prodej pouiit6ho zboLi..6istvi travel agent's florist's jeweller's bookshop shoe shop (carlcycle/shoe ..".imi piedmdty staroZitnosti kufru auta zbavit se teho k dostrini z6silkovou sluZbou dod6vka..

4.13. SHOPPING SHOPPING: comment on the pictures below.:* -m iz 51 . Do you prefer to shop in a supermarket or in shops specialized for particular foods? What different kinds of specialty food shops are there? a||f/ial*-l4:y{FQltu? a-r a.

13. nekvalitni z6rudni list the quality of sth kvalitu deho podat stiZnost. o5idit soiled to be ofbad/poor quality overpriced mit Spatnou jakost piedraLeny rip off (inf) zloddjna byt o5izen. pisemn6 stiZnost quality to make complaint inferior guarantee certificate to receive a complaint claim for compensation a to meet/reject a claim to exchange sth for sth else to refund to demand a refund to overcharge sb/rip sb off a vyhovdt/zamitnout reklamaci letter of complaint vymdnit ndco za ndco jin6ho faulty/missing goods damaged vadn6/chyb6jicizboLi poSkozenf Spinavf. reklamovat obdrZet stiZnost. poZadavek na nrihradu Skody reklamadni dopis. reklamaci ndrok. umazany vrititpenize poZadovat w6ceni pendz naridtovat komu vice. SHOPPING COMPTAINTS to complain about sth a stdZovat si na co to be ofgood/high quality mit dobrou jakost complaint about a stiZnost/reklamace na first-class prvotiidni kvalitni podiadnf. naletdt to be taken in \lt \\{ tu q7 4 ( 52 .

kapuce waterproof footballjersey football boots nepromokavy fotbalovy dres kopadlcy flJenglh skirt s dlouh6 suknd kolov6 one-piece/two-piece swimsuit jednodiln6/dvoudiln6 plavky -eight :6zk| 53 bikini bikiny . kamaie svetr na zapinini rukdv vesta waistcoat (sports) jacket coat (hooded) jacket lingerie bra knickers/panties/briefs spodni pr6dlo podprsenka (sportovni) sako kab6t bunda (s kapuci) kalhotky pundochov6 kalhoty pundochy korzet podvazek kombin6.S CLOTHING smoking frak krdtkf m/dlouhym rulcivem Sortlcy di:iny kalhoty s laclem ustiiZend maskide 5P Iouse wSek.hood tepllkov6 souprava rd neckline ovdlnyvystiih Wstfih do tvaru V vystiih ke laku hluboLyvystfih minisuknd suknd po kolena zimnibunda nepromokav6 bunda. top dungarees halenka vycp6vky bez raminek bez rukdvri cut-offs camouflage diiny Fds oapless *cveless tracksuit/trackie (inf)i leisure suit winter coat anorak/windcheater raincoat . spodnidka nodni kodile Zupan spoledensk6 Saty tights stockings corset/basque blazer blejzr podSivka s lining lined jumper/sweater/pullover crew-neck pod5ivkou suspender/garter svetr ke krku (bez limce) slip nightdress/nightie dressing gown/bathrobe evening dress polo-neck/turtleneck underwear Yest roLik spodni pr6dlo n6tdlnik ponoZky ballgown wedding dress vederni r6ba svatebni Saty z6voj rocks tnee socks underpants briefs boxer shorts podkolenky spodky shpy veil train apron CASUAL AND SPORTS WEAR vledka zistlra trenyrky aightwear p. vdtrovka pl6Stdnka l'-neck h-neck Igh neck dni skirt boe-length .CLOTHING MEN S CTOTHING j pleated edno-/dvouiadovy oblek plisovan6 s single-/double-breasted suit trousers with a slit rozparkem kalhoty kravata wrap-around skirt trouser suit zavinovaci suknd tie shirt collar kalhotovykostym tunika Saty koiile limec manLeta tunic dress cuff sleeve leggings cardigan leginy.riamas noini obledeni pyLamo T-shirt sweatshirt short-/long-sleeved shorts jeans triiko mikina s dinnerjacket teilcoat/tails TOMTN.

nevkusqi. trendov'/ multicoloured/colourful light/brighVdarkcolours shade pastel (vice)barevnf svdtl6/jasn6/tmav6barrry good-quality original cool extravagant gaudy kvalitni origin6lni super. neform6lni comfortable practical conventional fashionable/trendy/stylish pohodlnf prakticky single-coloured/plain-coloured jednobarevny tradiini.14. CLOTHES AND FASHION l swimmingtrunks bathing cap wet suit p6nsk6 plavky ski pants ski gloves goggles lyzaisk6 kalhoty koupaci depice neopr6n @aiskd bunda lyiaisk6 rukavice lyzaisk6 bryle skijacket leotard trikot DESCRIBING CLOTHES STYtE creaseproof (ne)formrilni elegantni. piepldcanf na for my taste old-fashioned MATERIAT mtj vkus starom6dni tight tkanina. skvdly. neokoukanf odstin pastelovf faded garish to blend with sth to clash SlzE vybled$ kfiklavy. bdZnf m6dni.i fur polyester synthetic floral chequered/checked speckled thick thin transparent silny slaby geometric geometricky prtsvitny obnoSenf roztrhanir o5umd$. kropenat'. l6tka l6tka. otrhanf batik ornamenal batikovanf s worn-out ragged shabby ornamenty. bez vzorku vzorovanli leather kriie koieSina polyester synteticky striped polka-dot pruhovanf puntikovf kvdtovanf kostkovanf Lihar$. zmuchlat (in)formal elegant/smart festive casual to crease/crumple to shrink COTOUR slavnostni srazit se viedni. efektni motiv . ozdobnf striking motif 54 n6padnf. sukno loose tdsnf fabric cloth linen cotton wool corduroy denim volnli plandavy bnggy close-fi tting/tight-fi pl6tno bavlna tting/ piil6havy stredovf lichotiv'..i padnout dobie skin-tight stretch vlna manSestr flattering to dZinovina hedvdbi samet fit silk velvet to grow out ofsth to take up to let down to take in to let out PATTERN lyrtst z deho zabrat (o d6lce od6vr) flannel flanel popustit (o d6lce oddru) zabrat (o Siice oddvu) terry satin brocade lace suede frot6 sat6n popustit (o Siice od&u) brok6t krajka semiS plain patterned jednoduchf. vkusny creased nemadkav'y' zmadkany. zmuchlanj zmadkat. ivavf ladit s dim tlouci se (o barvdch) extravagantni okAzalf.

\o @LJ L\ -J\ \\ q"J I 55 . CLOTHES AND FASHION FASHION: what in the world are these people wearing? ffii.I4.

CLOTHES AND FASHION ACCESSORIES caP depice. hodici se sluSirni k demu pendant bracelet brooch clasp matching becoming decent broi. zapinini drahokam decentni gaudy/showy tacky nevkusqi. kiiltovka braces 5le hat woollen hat straw hat glasses sunglasses klobouk lndn6 depice slam6k tie kravata bowtie tin pin (foldaway) umbrella motylek spona do kravaty brfle slunedni brfle 56tek. rozvizat o6oupat se. nazout co leStit to put sth on/slip on sth krdm na boty 56 . opotiebovat se slip-ons/moccasins sandals mokasiny sand6ly pl6Lov6 sanddly prochodit boty seSlapanf flip-flops high-heeled shoes/heels/ stilettos to wear heels worn-down/worn-out to pinch boty na vysok6m podpatku nosit podpatlcy tladit (o botd) dobie padnouci Spatnd well-fitting ill-fitting lace eyelet padnouci court shoes patent leather shoes tennis shoes/trainers (BrE) / sneakers (AmE) lodicky tkaniika dirka lukitky sportovni boty.Srila 5r{la (sklddaci) de5tnik kabelka aktovka rukavice pald. tenisky tongue sole heel j"ryk podr6Zka podpatek Spidka running shoes pumPs slippers clogs tretry cvidky pantofle toe to polish shoe polish (boty) diev6ky obout. okizalf kydoviff. lacinf precious stone FOOTWEAR outdoor footwear lace-up/leather shoe vych6zkov6 obuv Sndrovaci/koZen6 bota to take sth off to change one's shoes to fasten/do up to lace up/do up to unfasten/undo to wear down/out to wear through vyzout co piezout zapnout zavizat se walking/hiking boots Wellinglon boots/gumboots brogues pohorky holinky koZend polobotky rozepnout.iky handbag briefcase gloves scarf muffler shawl 5el mittens to complement (each belt buckle p6sek other) dopliovat (se navzdjem) piezka JEWELTERY earring n6uSnice fake stone umdf kdmen imitace biZuterie ring watch chain necklace prsten imitation costume jewellery hodinky ietizek ndhrdelnik piiv6Sek n6ramek to match sth/go with sth to blendwith sth hodit se k demu se ladit s tim. hodit ladici.14.

( w . CLOTHES AND FASHION WARDROBE CONTENTS lN THE GARDEN: in pairs or groups. discuss what these items have in common.w01.TK dfe^r-. /A\ ilv ffiW: w @rffM . .it x w \[( \ Ot \ a etQt 4lto 57 .14.

underdressed to dress up svl6knout se svl6knout se do naha/do tdla nastrojit se..... piechodnf m6dni to follow fashion to conform to fashion to be in fashion/ be in vogue/be in (inf) to come into fashion/vogue to go out offashion/ be out (inf) to replace sthwith sth to prevail to come back into fashion r". CLOTHES AND FASHION DRESSING to put sth on to take sth ofilstrip offsth to get dressed to get undressed/strip obl6knout si co svl6knout si co obl6knout se to dress smartly/warmly . qfiknout se to strip naked/to the waist to strip down to (one's swimsuit) to change sth to get changed to change into sth/out of sth to dress sb in sth ptl to be dressed up as . overdressed obl6kat se elegantn6/teple piehnand nastrojenf nevhodn6 obledenf .. zapnout.. zavizaL rozepnout...f. rozvizat svldknout se do (plavek) pievl6knout si co pievldci z deho se se button zip lace to loosen knoflik zip tkanidka pievl6knout do deho/ povolit obl6ci koho do deho to roll up vyhrnout FASHION to be fashion-conscious zajimatse o m6du sledovat m6du a passing fad/craze dodasn.14. to do up to undo bf piestrojen 2a.istielek m6dd piizprisobit blit v m6dd se leading fashion magazine fashion show to design models fashion designer to set the fashion fashion industry fashion model fashion photographer piedni m6dni dasopis m6dni piehlidka nawhovat modely piijit do m6dy vyjit z m6dni niwhdi ud6vat m6du m6dy m6dni pr&mysl modelka nahradit co tim pievl6dat st6t se opdt m6dni m6dni fotograf ob6t'm6dy postavajako zeLurnilu in the latest fashion trend podle nejnovdj5i m6dy fashionvictim fashion plate (inf) trend 58 .

14. CLOTHES AND FASHION A SHOE AND A SHTRT: name the parts of these items. rcTES 59 .

chl6b .) herb chives bylina paiitka petrZelka mill mlit parsley dill PUtSES kopr marjoram lu5t6niny fazole hr65ek majorinka bazalka m6ta pulses bean pea basil mint thyme coriander rosemary sage tymi6n koriandr rozmaryn Salvdj lentil soya beans doika sojov6 boby chickpea to soak SEEDS cizrna nechat namodit fennel fenykl bobkovf list oregano estragon bayleaf seeds semena oregano sunflower seeds slunednicovd semena tarragon a pumpkin seeds sesame seeds dyiovi semena sprig snitka sezamov6 semena to flavour MEAT ochutit. okoienit mustard seeds poppy seeds SPICES hoididnd semena semena m{ku red/white meat lean derven6/bfl6 maso libov6 vepiov6 hov6zi teleci jehnddi skopov6 spices koieni dernf/bfly pepi pork beef veal black/white pepper cara\.vay kmin derven6 paprika paprika lamb mutton fish chilli allspice nutmeg chilli nov6 koieni mu5k6tov'jt oiisek rybi poultry chicken drtbei kuie kachna husa vanilla cinnamon cloves vanilka skoiice hiebidek duck goose turkey krocan 60 . bread .filq#i1i*t*iiffi FOOD GRAINS aniseed obiloviny... j6hly drcenf mlety Spetka millet grain/kernel short-/long-grain couscous ground a ztno kr6tko-/dlouhozrnf kuskus pinch aroma HERBS vrind semolina krupice bran wholemeal (flour..) to otru\ celozrnnf (mouka. zrna pSenice oves anyz grains wheat oat barley rye rice corn ginger saffron cardamom zinvor 5afr6n kardamon kurkuma jeimen Llto ryLe turmeric curry whole crushed kari cely kukuiice proso..

zbavenf Supin fi16 thigh wing skin dressed cleaned kiidlo kriie vykuchanli.. FOOD AND DRINKS breast prso stehno scale supma odi5tdnli. uzeny prawn/shrimp MITK AND DAIRY PRODUCE cured rmoked dairyproduce skimmed/condensed (un)pasterized cream fillet aeak ml6dn6 v'ryobky filet pl6tek mlet6 du5en6 Sunka whole/semi-skimmedmilk plnotudn6/polotudn6ml6ko rince cooked milk odtudndn6/kondenzovan6 ml6ko (ne)pasterizovan6 smetana L.. opracovanf zvdiina (vysok6) zvdiina (ptactvo .m Lecon slanina whippedcream butter milk Slehaika olzmi rrsage salim klob6sa paStika masov6 konzerva vejce podm6sli yoghurt to furn/go sour cottage/cream cheese jogurt zkysnout rdd -n€dmeat .lt dt tvarohovf/ smetanor.hop rib vnitinosti zadni kotleta Zebro clam oyster tistiice chobotnice s6pie octopus cuttlefish squid Fint sirloin boned kyta svidka olihei kreveta vykostdnf prosolenf. vytzeni."i? syr blue/soft/hard cheese to grate grated mozzarella cheddar edam plisnov'y'mdkky/twdi syr strouhat Zloutek rs[i1s &fl bilek skoi6pka strouhanf mozzarella dedar mt 5on lrt E d -}lpl !-ne eidam parmezdn kozi syr losos pstruh Pafmesan goat's cheese FTOUR tufi6k treska makrela sardinka white/wholemeal flour dough yeast bil6/celozrnn6 mouka t6sto * b b * 'ID d platiz rejnok okoun Stika kvasnice pr65ek do petiva bakingpowder to sift to knead prosit hnist (tdsto) kFnout chl6b kapr to prove bread rihoi 61 .I5.) fillet steak pl6tek to catch a fish SEAFOOD ulovit rybu venison game pheasant baiant kiepelka zajic jelen srnec seafood plodymoie humr krab quail hare deer roe deer lobster crab crayfish scallop mussel rak muSle sldvka jedl6 Skeble jedl6 offal rump .

chut'ov6 piisada kedup moudnik. 62 .15. FOOD AND DRINKS roll bun French bread houska Zemle veka j"lly mousse ice cream ovocn6 Zel6 p6na zmrzlina kopedek crust ktrka bochnik krajic drobek strouhanka tdstoviny scoop cone loaf slice kornout sorbet sorbet sundae (boiled) sweet crumb breadcrumbs pasta CAKES AND DESSERTS zmrzlinovf pohir (tvrd)t) bonb6n karamela toffee lollipop to have a sweet tooth (narozeninorr/svatebni) dort ovocny dortik CONDIMENTS s lizitko mit rdd sladk6 (birthday/wedding) cake fruit tart trifle pastry ovocnf pohdr piSkotem condiment ketchup mustard soya sauce koieni. guess what she bought. sladk6 pedivo listov6 tdsto pi5kotovy iez puffpastry sponge cake apple pie pancake hoidice s6jov6 omddka jableiny zivin paladinka mayonnaise spread (balsamic) vinegar (olive) majon6za pomaziinka (balzamikovy) ocet muffin biscuit custard muffin sudenka oil (olivovy) olej dochutit. ochutit pudink to flavour A HEAVY SHOPPING: Lola is on her way from the supermarket. From the scattered groceries on the floor.

rybiz meloun seminko hroznov6 vino - slupka.t 63 .ry onion gerlic iedkvidka cibule kien lilek derven6 iepa - clove desnek Salotka .strouZek {allot ryring onion leek jarni cibulka p6rek kvdtAk brokolice parsnip rhubarb spinach fennel pastifi6k rebarbora Spendt ceuliflower broccoli cebbage fenykl dekanka . seed grapes banana jablko hruSka Svestka teweni. dynd (zelen6) marrow carrot celeriac mrkev celer (bulva) celer iapikat'y' pumpkin radish horseradish aubergine beetroot dynd (oraniov6) courgette (BrE)/zucchini (AmE) cuketa ..pod . flesh.1.skin banrl'n - slupka apricot cherry Pulp core stone to stone meruika tieSei duZina ohryzek pecka pineapple ananas kiwifruit papaya kiwi papija mango avokddo zraly mango avocado odpeckovat tipe rotten dried lemon citr6n Iimetka pomerani grep shni$ su5en6 ovoce lime orange fruit fig date fik datle su5en6 Svestka grapefruit tangerine zest mandarinka krira (citrusov6ho ovoce) dilek jahoda prune raisin candied/preserved rozinka s€gment fruit kandovan6/zavaien6 ovoce dZem strawberry raspberry blackberry j"marmalade malina ostruZina marmel6da (citrusov6) VEGETABLES potato tomato cucumber red/green pepper brambor pakchoi Brussels sprout sweetcorn dinsk6 zeli rfrZidkovd kapusta rajie okurka derven6/zelen6 paprika kukuiice (cukrovd) tykev. plum peach broskev nectarine nektarinka . FOOD AND DRINKS FRUITS fruit citrus fruit stone peckovit6 ovoce citrusov6 ovoce bobulovit6 ovoce blueberry gooseberry borrivka angreit brusinka berries apple pear cranberry red/black currant melon .lusk tohlrabi kedluben.rind. duZina.15.stalk kapusta - ko5t'6l chicory artichoke beansprout mushroom kttuce 3reen bean 3reen pea hldvkovy sal6t zelenifazoll<a hr65ek artydok s6joryryhonek Zampi6n . brukev truffle lanj.lterni.

169r esPresso such6/sladk6/5umiv6 vino svaien6 vino mulledwine spritzer champagne vinnf stiik Sampaisk6 cappuccino hot chocolate cocoa SOFT DRINKS cappuccino hork6 dokolida kakao liqueur liquor vodka lik6r wrdy alkohol vodka rum voda zvodovodu balen6 voda rum brandy gin tequila tap water brandy gin tequila whislcy bottled water stilUsparkling water mineral water soda water neperlivd/perliv6 voda miner6lni voda soda Sumivy n6poj dZus. FOOD AND DRINKS olive stuffed olive oliva plndn6 oliva kysan6 zeli gherkin to pickle lcysel6 okurka nakl6dat (do octa nebo soli. ke kvaSeni) sauerkraut NUTS walnut almond chestnut hazelnut peanut cashew nut vlaSsky oiech brazil nut coconut shell shelled para oiech mandle kokosovf oiech skoi6pka jed$kadtan liskory oiech bursky oiech ke5u vyloupany cely whole salted roasted oiech soleny pistachio pist6cie praLenf BEVERAGES HOT DRINKS ALCOHOLIC DRINKS black/green/herbal tea tea bag ice tea ier ny I zeleny I bylinkory daj dajovy s6dek draught/bottled beer toden6/lahvov6 pivo pdna slad froth malt k6va ledovf daj black/white/ice coffee t er ni I br16 I ledov6 hops lager chmel svdtl6 pivo. lei6k filter/instant cofiee decaffeinated coffee piekap6vand/rozpustn6 k6va k6va bez kofeinu bitter stout dry/sweet/sparkling wine polotmav6 pivo dern6 pivo cafieine cream coffee grounds espresso kofein smetana k6vov6 sedlina. fizry drink juice lemonade cola to quench one's thirst to work up a thirst sober stiizliry opily opilli namol opit se z deho citron6da kokakola drunk blind drunk to get drunk on sth to sober up to have a tonic strawberry milkshake tonik jahodovj' koktejl vystiizlivdt mit kocovinu hangover 64 .15. 5t'6va whisky uhasit iizefi uddlat si Zizef.

WW 65 . FOOD AND DRINKS A BIG EATER: in pairs or groups.15. Yffi M* 'l'M(1.:. discuss what each of these food items has in common.

vaiit ve zvolna.) ochutit (sal6t) loupat zbavit skoidpky nakr6jet. orestovat to shell to chop sth to slice sth to dice sth up to cut sth into slices/cubes .. (o mase) to steam to stew to roast to bake to vaiit v p6ie dusit p6ct (maso apod.COOKING to clean to dress to dress (a salad) to peel odistit opracovat. mlsnli rydatn6 snidand mit pestrou stravu mit piisnou dietu vegetari6n nutrition vitamins minerals trace elements viLiva vitaminy miner6lni l6tky stopovd prvky varied diet to be on a strict diet vegetarian 66 . lykuchat . prosladit nakl6dat (do octa nebo soli) v6let michat vejce obalit co v iem to scramble to coat sth in/with sth to boil to simmer to poach marinovat udit nasolit a usuSit vaiit vod6 se.. konzervovat suSit michat Slehat towhisk to roll kandovat.) p6ct (pedivo apod. to cut sth up to cut sth in half/in two to grate to mash to crush to pour to mix to stir to deep to to stir-fry grill grilovat ohi6t zahustit to heat up to thicken to dilute/waterdown to sprinkle sth with sth to sprinkle sth on/over sth to freeze to defrost to bottle to preserve to dry to candy to pickle to marinate to smoke to cure to spoil to burn to a roziedit pos)?at co dim nasypat co na co rozkrojit co na prilku strouhat rozmaikat zmrazit tozmrazTt rozdrtit nalit smichat plnit do sklenic zavaiovat. rozkr6jet co fry fry smaiit fritovat osmaZit.. odistit. naiezat co nakr6jet na pl6tky nakrdjet co na kostidky kr6jet co na pl6tky/kostlcy. slabd povaiit kr6tce povaiit.. podusit zkazit cinder spflit na uhel EATING HABITS to eat well/healthily/sensibly to eat modestly balanced/healthy diet poor diet vegetarian/Western diet jist zdravd jist stiidmd vyv SLeni I zdrav6 strava chud6.. pievaiit. nezdrav6 strava fibre wholemeal (un)saturated fats preservatives vliknina celozrnny (ne)nasycen6 tuky konzervadni l6tky. vegetariiinsk6/z6padni strava antioxidanty dailydiet high-fibre diet kaidodenni piij em potrary strava bohat6 na vliikninu nezdrav6 strava artificial additives food colouring food industry umdl6 piisady potravindisk6 barvivo junkfood (inf) organic food fatty/starchy food potravindisky prrimysl piirodni strava tudnS/moudn6 jidla malnutrition to live on (chips and cola) podviLiva blrt i:]v z (hranolkri a koly) to eliminate sth from the diet vylouiit co ze stravy to treat oneselfto sth fastidious substantial breakfast to be on a dopi6t si co vybiravf..

16.What are your eating habits? t{oTEs 67 . COOKING AND EATING EATING HABITS: compare and contrast these pictures.

. rozvaien'i menu jidelni listek n6pojov. to leave a tip for the waiter It's my treat.. prostiedi prostor pro nekuiriky usadit koho ke stolu posadit se obsluhovat portions dvojit6 porce d6tsk6 porce children's portion tohaveasecondhelping piidatsi totry to taste/smell nice ochutnat chutnat/vondt dobie good/slodterrible service to make one's order/order to take the order last order dobr6/pomal6lhrozni obsluha objednat si poznadit si objedn6vku posledni objedn6vka delicious/superb/excellenVtasty skv6$. vfbornf. ve mdstd zdkazn& host diSnik diSnice .na co nedovaienf se mouth-watering overcooked undercooked too salty sbihaji sliny pievaieny.. neslanf bland nemastnf disgusting me./This is on odpornf To platim j6.masoiravec" myidealweight to have aweight problem bird (inf) horse (inf) moje ideri'lni vriha jistvelmi mrllo jist za dva mit tendenci tloustnout nizkokalorick6 strava poditat/sprilit kalorie piij em potravyikalorii/ low calorie food to count/burn off calories piejidat se snist co na posezeni nacpat se dim food/calorie/fl uid intake tekutin nutrition expert nacpat se dim . kteryi to watch one's weight hlidat si svou v6hu drZet dietu meat-eatef to eat like to eat like to overeat to eat sth atlin one sitting to stuffoneself/ gorge oneself with sth (inf) a a ji maso. pikantni nij ahi. p6liv6 drink list lunch menu specials course a hot spicy poledni menu speciality chod koiendn6.16. soup pol6vka hlavni jidlo main dish/main course side order dessert waiter waitress piiloha dezert dip.iku"y. chutny' exquisite vynikajici l.. nechat di5nikovi spropitn6 four-course meal jidlo o dtyiech chodech aperitiv topayseparately/altogether platitzvld5t'/dohromady aperitif starter/appetizer piedkrm 68 .. hust6 om6ika vegetari6nsky pokrm barman barman barmanka $6fkuchai dip vegetarian dish barmaid chef cook atmosphere non-smoking area to seat sb to take a seat to serve portion/serving/helping to serve generous double helping porce d6vat velk6 porce kuchai atmosfrra. to be on a diet .vyplenit" lednidku to be slimming (down) to lose weight odbornik na qZivu hubnout zhubnout zhubnout na (60 kilo) porucha piijmu potrary anorexie to pig out on sth (inf) to raid the fridge (inf) to be overweight/ be underweight mit nadv6hu/mit podv6hu piibrat ztloustnout to slim down to (60 kilos) eating disorder to put on weight to get fat anorexia bulimia bulimie RESTAURANT to eat out customer/guest jist v restauraci.i listek piili6 slan6 ostr6. COOKING AND EATING vegan vegan dlovdk.

I6. NOTES 69 . COOKING AND EATING lN A RESTAURANT: look at these two pictures and try to find at least 5 differences between them.

16. dresink talii sklidit ze stolu l/ ///. '// /t ._ _*-< 70 . a-: )+ /' -/. COOKING AND EATING ON THE TABLE to set/lay the table tablecloth table/place setting prostiit stril ubrus sugarbowl tray napkin ashtray ice bucket cukienka podnos ubrousek prostir6ni cutlery crockery glassware piibor porceliinov6 n6dobi sklo lLice popelnik nddoba s ledem t6cek (pod sklenici) coaster beer mat spoon pivni t6cek sl6mka odzdtkovat fork knife glass vidlidka straw to uncork to pour to wipe up ntZ skleniika sklenice 56lek nalit tumbler/glass cup utiit vyvrtka corkscrew bottle opener condiments salt peppef olive oil vinegar soya sauce mug teapot hrnek dajov6 konvice oMr6k dochucovadla milkjug bowl plate saucer soup bowl kon6vka na ml6ko misa stil pepr olivovrr? olej talii pod56lek ocet sojovd om6dka hluboky talii dinner plate side plate mdlk)ttalii dezertni dressing to clear the table z6livka..

veranda zimnizahrada gar6L okenni iimsa drive backgarden gazebo piijezdov6 cesta zahr6dka za domem zahradni alt6n podkrovi loft floor basement ptda podlaZi suter6n swimmingpool shed baztn krilna. dievnik cesta cellar storeroom sklep path komora pr6delna. chata HOUSE roof chimney stiecha pantry/larder lightning conductor gutter balcony/terrace banister spi? komin stfesni taska hromosvod okap balk6n/terasa tile dormerwindow skytight wall podkrolrri okno stie5ni okno. vilol"i zeC[ zibradli terasa patio porch conservatory garage window shutter sashwindow window sill attic okno okenice stahovaci okno krytfvchod. ftulny (ne)pohodlnyi (un)comfortable furniture and fiftings n6byteka zaiizeni to decorate the room with sth vyzdobit mistnost tim 71 . vrata ufility room ROOM floor ceiling central heating spacious/roomy sunny cramped draughty cold cosy podlaha strop fixtures piisluSensM vestavdnf n6bytek byt rybaven. usedlost byt garsonka dvojdomek dinZovni block offlats cottage dtm surroundings convenient okoli (Sikovnd) blizko chalupa.PLACES TO LIVE bungalow terraced house detached house semi-detached house piizemni domek iadory dtim samostatny dtim mansion velloii dfim. opatien dim fitted furniture to be fittedwith sth ristiedni topeni prostorny luxurious homely antique luxusni dom6ckf. to paint/decorate to wallpaper/decorate chladnf Pokoj potiebuj vymalovat vytapetovat e rymalovat. pracovni mistnost courtyard gate dvtir branka. prost'y' staroZitn)t soudasny slunnf stisn6nf lystavenf prtvanu contemporary/modern The room needs painting. pansM manor flat/apartment studio (apartment)/bedsit velkostatek.

HOME ROOMS AND FURNITURE: describe the house in the picture. NOTES 72 .I7.

HOME ENTRANCE hall/hallway/entrance hall piedsii. piehoz KITCHEN litchen unit kuchynsk6linka pracovni deska hotplate gas plotynka nrktop cebinet burner plynovyhoiek (keramick6) varnd deska ko5 na skiiika z6suvka (ceramic) hob sorting unit extractor (fan) lzwer tiiddnf odpad adf cooker/stove police spord.17. piedloika bodovd svdtla francouzsk6 okna zivEs shelf carpet curtain net curtain ziclona i:aluzie roleta rug painting Ye.ge venetian blind obraz v6za rollerblind decorations study home entertainment dekorativni piedmdty studovna candlestick 6replace svicen kIb dom6ci zibava (TV apod.) BEDROOM inglebed doublebed beadboard mattress jednohiZko blanket bedspread bedside table bedside lamp deka piehoz pies postel nodni stolek dvojltiko delo postele matrace loZni prddlo prostdradlo stolni lampidka bedlinen rheet alarm clock clock radio dressing table budik radiobudik toaletni stolek (vestavdn6) Satni flllow lillowcase &veVeiderdown duvet cover polstai povlak na polst6i (built-in) wardrobe chest ofdrawers skiii peiina.'k digestoi sink tap diez kohoutek dectric/gas) oven (elektrick6/plynovd) trouba 73 . hala domovni zvonek kuk6tko rohoZka klepadlo u dveii bezpednostni iet6z doorknob coat rack shoe rack otodnli knoflik u dveii vdS6k doorbell peephole botnik chodba schodiSt6 doormat doorknocker door chain corridor staircase stair/step banister schod doorhandle klika zibradli LIVING ROOM sofa sofa bed pohovka rozklddaci pohovka mantelpiece chandelier krbov6 iimsa lustr lampa n6st6nn6 lampa cushion coffee table pol5t6i podu5ka konferendni stolek lamp walllight spotlights French windows ermchair bookcase kieslo knihorma police koberec men5i koberec. cicha povlak na peiinu komoda z6suvka drawer Silt piikrjvka.

l_ 74 .17./ /. Spunt plug mirror bath mat towel rail hand towel bath towel facecloth bathroom scales zrcadlo koupelnov6 rohoZ drZrik na rudniky kart6d houba pemza pumice tweezers rudnik osu5ka pinzeta zubni kart6dek zubni pasta zubni nit ristni voda p6na na holeni toothbrush toothpaste dental floss mouthwash shaving foam aftershave Linka viiha ko5 na pr6dlo laundry basket toilet toilet seat bidet toilet paper : zichod zfchodov6 sed6tko voda po holeni bidet toaletni papir z6chodov6 Stdtka electric razor disposable razor holici strojek jednor6zov6 Ziletka toilet brush razor blade iiletka I . ndstroje BATHROOM bath/bathtub/tub drain shower cold/hot tap washbasin TOITETRIES TOATETNI POTREBY odtok sprcha (liquid)soap shower gel (tekutd) mfdlo sprchovf gel 5amp6n kohoutek se studenou/ teplou vodou shampoo conditioner comb bubble bath brush sponge kondicion6r hieben pdna do koupele umyvadlo z6tka. HOME dishwasher myika n6dobi odkap6vad sideboard piibornik hadr na n6dobi utdrka myci prostiedek na n6dobi drainingboard cupboard kitchenware dishcloth kuchyirsk6 skiii. kredenc kitchen towel washing-up liquid kuchyiske potieby.

to replace a blown fuse vymdnitpojistku vytopit (vodou) $koda zptisoben6 na nddim fhe tap is dripping. The TV picture won't come on. The roof is leaking. broken down. The sink is blocked. Kape kohoutek The handle has come off. Upadla klika. Zichod nesplachuje. Vypadly pojistky. HOME BUYING A HOUSE/A FLAT real estate agency mortgage bank to take out a (20 year) mortgage realitni kanceliii hlpotedni banka vzit si hypotdku (na 20 let) mortgage rates owner/householder contract ofpurchase to move into a hypotedni sazby vlastnik domu. Stiechou zaI6k6. 75 . ubytovat n6jemniky zv)t5it/sniiit n6jem to rent out/let flat pronajimat pokoj podn6jem lodging lodger/tenant ziloha lodger vypovdddt podndjemnikovi podn6jemnik pan domdci pani domdci landlord landlady smlouvu flat with sb sdilet byt s ndhjim BREAKDOWNS breakdown The dishwasher has porucha Mydka na nddobi se porouchala. fitter to have sth repaired Z6suvka nejde oteviit. Unik6plyn. The gas is leaking. won't flush. mont6r nechat si ndco opravit Delkoui ovladad nefunguj plumber isn'tworking. Nejde obraz v televizl The drawer is jammed. majetku zaplatit komu n6hradu Skody to pay sb compensation household insurance e. Lednidka nefunguje. The remote control pojiStdni domdcnosti instalat6r seiizovat. The toilet to flood out damage caused to sb's property Diez je ucpanii. The fridge is out oforder. majitel kupni smlouva nastdhovat se do to put down a deposit (a house) on flat sloZit zelohu na (dtm) bpu to move out of a flat to have a flat of one's own to settle lystdhovat se z bytu to payoff/repaythe mortgage splatit hlpot6ku mortgage payment/instalment spldtka hlpot6ky to pay for sth by spl6cet co (m6sidnd) mit svrij vlastni byt zabydlet se zrenovovat in to renovate (monthly) instalments maintenance ridriba RENT to rent a flat to pay rent pronajmout si pokoj platit ndjem a to take in lodgers to raise/lower the rent deposit to dismiss to share a a pos$tovat nocleh. The lights have fused.I7.

if either. NOTES 76 . HOME LIVING: compare and contrast these pictures and say which style you prefer.17.

pomocnice v dom6cnosti pomoc v dom6cnosti uklizet komu. V pokojije hroznjr sklidit ze stolu hromada Spinav6ho n6dobi nepoiidek to make a mess to clean up/clear the mess to leave the house in an awfrrl mess to leave sth lying about to clear the rubbish uddlat nepoi6dek pile of washing-up/ the dishes uklidit nepoiidek opustit d&m vhrozn6m nepoiddku nechat ndkde povalovat co to do the dishes/do the washing-up to wash the dishes/wash up umyt n6dobi umyt n6dobi Spinavf u5pindnli hroznd 5pinary disty hadr na n6dobi utdrka dirty soiled vyn6st odpadky lopatka na smeti dustpan brush broom to dust filthy clean smet6iek koStd dishcloth tea towel utirat prach prach prachovka dust duster bucket e to dry (up) the dishes a utiit n6dobi kupa $pinav6ho pr6dla vyprat pr6dlo propldchnout. umyt/drhnout podlahu vysdt koberec vysavad V pokojije trochu nepoi6dek. rozlit co spilt to rub to come off to sweep/wipe the floor to wash/scrub the floor to hoover/vacuum the carpet hoover (BrE)/vacuum cleaner (AmE) to clear offthe table a rozllty drhnout pustit (o 5pind.HOUSEHOLD to look after/run the household starat se o/v6st dom6cnost to come to about (an amount) piijit asi na (kolik) to keep house for sb cleaning service cleaning lady/woman starat se komu o domicnost familybudget to budget rodinnf rozpodet pl6novat vydaje. pracovat pro to economize on sth costs dim. m6chat r. The room is a complete mess. skwnd apod. propl6chnout co pile of dirtylaundry kbelik siln6 wstva prachu to do the laundry to rinse to rinse sth out to rinse one's hands thick layer of dust e speck ofdust smitko prachu bjrt zapr6!en!. to spill sth Pr65i se na to. hospodaiit irspornd hospodaiit Setiit na iem s riklidovd sluiba pani na irklid.jako ze Skatulky" chlivek electricity water rate elektrika vodn6 pigsty MESS AND CLEANING to do the cleaning/tidy up/ clean up to take turns to do the room uklidit stiidat se It collects dust. odpadky distota rubbish cleanliness The room is a bit of a mess. ndklady platit sloienky za co inkaso n6jem domestic help to do for sb household chores/housework spick and span (inf) expenditures/spendings on sth v'y'daje za co to pay bills for sth koho domdci pr6ce utilities rent . omyt.) zamesilvrrtiit podlahu uklidit pokoj pravidelnf/gener6lni riklid regular/thorough cleaning tidy/neat mess uklizenf nepoiddek smeti. !o be covered in dust opl6chnout si ruce 77 .ym6chat.

elektricky) spor6k. aby uschlo 2ehlit cloth to disinfect to kill germs to clean the windows to air the room to clear the snow to mow the lawn to weed weed utdrka. hadiik dezinfikovat zlikvidovat bakterie umyt okna iron ironingboard to make one's bed to change the bed iehlidka Zehlici prkno lyvdtrat mistnost odklizet snih sekat ustlat si postel pievl6ci postel Spinav6 povledeni tr6vnik plit plevel dirty sheets to polish sth leStit co to get overgrown with weed zarrist plevelem i I I i I i. lis cutter toaster cooker hood/extractor (fan) krdjed topinkovad digestoi fridge freezer dishwasher (gas/electric) cooker/stove to remove the smell of cooking odstranit zipach z v ai eni washing machine pradka suSidka prridla (plynory/. I HOUSEHOTD APPLIANCES household appliances to save time and energy to go without sth dom6ci spotiebite Setiit das a energii obejit se bez deho chladnidka mraznidka mydka na n6dobi liquidizer/blender juicer/squeezer mlxer odSt'avflovad. vaiid Plotl':rka tlakovli hrnec (milaovlnn6) trouba tumble dryer (steam) iron hotplate pressure cooker (napaiovaci) Zehlidka under guarantee v ziruce (microwave) oven 78 . HOUSEHOLD washingpowder to hang the laundry out to dry to do the ironing praci pr65ek povdsit pr6dlo ven.18.

HOUSEHOLD THE CLEANING LADY: describe Mrs Cleanliness's day. :rewi 79 ."l L.18. ll "tr)l -*l/ r{7n.

vfuka. absolvovat Skolu feditel Skoly feditelka Skoly z6stupce ieditele let do stiedniSkola. gynnniizium od 11 let soukromd Skola .ichova kolej (soui6st univerzity) univerzita pr6r'ni/l6kaisk6/ekonomicM vysolci Skola ladmedical/business school university department univerzita. rodide plativzddl|v|ni stiedni Skola . Skoleni doudov6ni fee 6koln6 l4l15let stiedni Skola/akademie .od 5 do Skolka 11 the Faculty of LadEducation .... let Skola fakulta zikladni 11 - od 5 do 11 boarding school to leave school headmaster/headteacher headmistress/headteacher internatni Skola dokondit.od 12 do Skolnik sborovna pedagogick6 porada staffroom staffmeeting juniorhigh school (US) high school (US) higher education tuition extra vyudovdni. college (GB) college (US) vy55i odborn6 5kola. vzddlini chodit do Skoly st6tni/soukromd Skola piedSkolni u. pr6vnick6/pedagogick6 .. fakulta.od 13 do 18 let.scHooLs (compulsory) schooling to go to school/ attend school (fml) state/private school pre-school education nursery schooVkindergarten (povinnd) Skolni doch6zka.od 16/18 let typ stdtni stiedni Skoly od 11 let deputyhead caretaker grammarschool (GB) public school (GB) typ stiedni 6koly.od 3 do 5let z6kladni Skola . lysokd Skola katedra primaryschool (GB) elementary school (US) secondaryschool (GB) comprehensive school (GB) .od 14/15 do 18 let vy55i vzddl6ni tuition tuition feelschool school holidays pr6zdniny Skolni rok the schooVacademic year SUBJECTS compulsory subjects povinn6 piedmdty voliteln6 piedmdty udebni osnova philosophy sociology law maths physics filozofie sociologie optional subj ects/electives syllabus/curriculum timetable to be on this year's syllabus the arts/the humanities the sciences prdvni nauka matematika rozvrh hodin bjt v letoinich osnov6ch humanitni obory fyzika chemie biologie zemdpis chemistry biology geography piirodni vddy literatura literature languages juryW ddjepis information technology physical education religious education informadni technologie tdlesnd vfchova history music hudebnivychova qitvarnd vfchova n6boienstvi mimoSkolni aktlvity art extracurricular activities 80 .

$ 81 .19. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION ctAssRooM teacher uditel Lak spoluZdk Skol6ci textbook/coursebook udebnice pupil classmate workbook exercise book pracovni seSit seSit schoolchildren desk aisle school bag Skolni ta5ka lavice ulidka katedra tabule pen pero tuZka pastelka pencil colour pencil pencil sharpener pencil case eraser/rubber teacher's desk blackboard chalk sponge teaching aids oiezfvdtko na tuZky kiida myci houba didaktickd pomtcky penfl guma ruler language/science lab pravitko j azykov 6 I pi ir odovddn6 interactive board overhead projector interaktivni tabule zpdtnyi projektor laboratoi flip chart tabule s papirovfmi arc\ equipment zaiizeni t ? n i1 t rl 'ffi ifll1..

I p oma$/ prrimdrnf student I I revision to talk in class to be late for class lazylinattentive/slod mediocre student I I piijit pozdd na hodinu discipline undisciplined cheeky kizeh neuk6zndny i a to miss (French) class to give classworVhomework to get/do one's homework zmeSkat hodinu (francouzStiny) i I i drzi. z65kolik to make/take notes to revise I I I nepiipravenf zopakovat si uiiteltiv oblibenec Sprt subject matter class/lesson udivo. home preparation dom6ci piiprava zadatI o dev zdat slohovou to assign/hand in an essay a stack qmdovat ofpapers to correct prAci hromada pisemek na opravov6ni zkouSet to substitute for/stand in for sb suplovat za koho fairlpatient/exacting teacher strict/lenient teacher to be popular with students to study to learn to do well/badly at school to pay attention : spravedlivry'tr p EIivy I n6r o t ni. ink. uditel to examine to correct to mark to fall behind/lag behind the class piisny/shovivavy uditel opravovat zn6mkovat zaostdvat za ostatnimi ve bft oblibeny u Z6kri udit se. SCHOOL AND EDUCATION LESSON history/maths etc. teacher to teach uditel d6j episu/matematilcy apod. studovat naufit se tiidd fl udit se dobie/Spatnd ve Skole ddvat pozor zapisovat si to play truant/skip classes (inf) chodit za Skolu truant unprepared teacher's pet (inf) swot (inf) ulejv6k. vi'trdovdni opakov6ni bavit se bdhem qrrdov6ni talented/ambitious/ hard-working student talentovanf /ctii6dostir"y/ pilny student Iiny I nep ozor ni. poklrat/pochv6'lit koho za co dostat lyhuboviino zadat pr 6ci v e tiidd/dom6ci to scold/praise sb for sth to get told off to be kept in fkol dostat/uddlat dom6ci rikol b1t po Skole I I l t I a2 .l6tka vyudovaci hodina.19.

vej5ku' credit dissertation/thesis university degree bachelor master z6potet diplomov6 pr6ce akademick6 hodnost to study/read (history) at university studovat (ddjepis) na univerzitd to get/have (history) a degree in mit vystudovanf (ddjepis) zapsat si. hl6sit se na univerzitu uchazed rok term/semester semestr piijeti nepiijmout form undergraduate graduate exam period rodnik rysoko5koldk (student) to be accepted/admitted to sth byt piijat na co rysokoikol6k (absolvent) zkou5kovd obdobi to go to universlty/uni (spoken) chodit na univerzitu/ . SCHOOL AND EDUCATION EXAMS AND PERFORMANCE oral/written exam in sth entrance/final exam school-leaving exam school report GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) tistni/pisemn6 zkouSka to get an A in sth to get straight As good/high mark dostat jednidku z deho dostat sam6 jednidky zteho pi ljimaciI z6vdrein6 zkou5ka dobri zniimka 5patn6 zn6mka z (ddjepisu) maturita vysvdddeni lowmark to get good marks for (history) dostdvat dobr6 zndml<y achievement in sth prospdch. zdpis podet piihl6Senych studentt professor profesor enrolment student enrolments to applyto a university applicant admission to refuse admission tutor to lecture/give academic year a studijni vedouci lecture on sth piedndSet o iem akademiclo. kurz to win a scholarship to live in hall ziskat stipendium bydlet na kolejich vice-chancellor dean rektor d6kan piedn6Sejici na rysok6 Skole to drop out to expel from school to be suspended/be expelled vyloudit ze Skoly byt vylouden lecturer 83 . pokrokv iem ddlat (velk6/mal6) pokroky (ne) uspokoj ziv&etni zkouika v 15/16 letech (vAnglii a Walesu) A-level (Advanced level) to take/do/sit an exam to pass an exam to fail/resit an exam ziv|reini zkou5ka v 18 letech (vAnglii a Walesu) ddlat zkou5ku sloZit.) brilliant academic tlpe to cheat to copy cheat sheet/crib podv6ddt opisovat self-taught person to go on to further education pokraiovat ve studiich tah6k UNIVERSITY STUDY to enrol on/for sth hl6sit se/zapsat se na co piihl65eni..19... uddlat zkouiku to make (good/slow) progress (un)satisfactory/ average results ivylprfrmdrny prospdch byt dobrii/Spatnj' v dem to be good/bad at sth to have a neuddlat/opakovat zkouSku vyzkouSet koho z teho talent for sth mit talent na co to examine sb in sth to memorize/learn by heart to cram/swot (inf) (for a test etc) to excel atlin sth qmikat v tem velmi nadanf studijni typ samouk udit se nazpamdt' Sprtat se (na test apod. chodit na piedniSku z deho bakal6i magistr to take/do a course in sth to put oneselfdown for doctor to graduate/take one's degree from sth degree ceremony doktor promovat z deho promoce zanechat studii a course zapsat se na piedn65ku.

19. and what their results NOTES 84 . SCHOOL AND EDUCATION STUDYING FOR AN EXAM: discuss how these two students are studying for are. their exams.

e skull jaw collar bone nipple arm elbow forearm klidni kost Lebro loket rib rib cage breastbone shoulder blade spine piedlokti zilpEsti hrudni koS hrudni kost lopatka wrist hand palm ruka dlai palec p6tei p6nev thumb index finger pelvis ukazov6k tailbone INTERNAI ORGANS kostri VNlTRNiORGANY middle finger ring finger prostiednitek prstenidek malidek nehet little finger brain pharynx larynx vocal cords mozek mil beck hltan hrtan hlasivky hrdlo/jicen zida biicho pupek pas ebdomen/stomach/belly navel throat thyroid gland tonsil lung raist tiP buttock ititn| plice Llaza bok hi/idd mandle 85 . ploska tooth neck instep heel n6rt pata krk mateisk6 znam6nko mole freckle naPe skin muscle kriie sval piha tylltije rameno joint tendon skeleton kloub Slacha shoulder armpit chest breast podpaLdi kostra kost lebka delist hrud bone iadro prsni bradavka pai.PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY hair head face vlasy hlava oblidej delo sp6nek genitals vagina penis testicle pohlavni orgdny vagina penis varle forehead temple ear eye groin tiislo kondetina noha stehno ucho oko odni vidko iasa obodi nos limb l*g thigh knee eyelid eyelash koleno eyebrow nose cheek calf shin lytko holei chodidlo prst u nohy palec u nohy ftei brada rista foot toe big toe ankle sole chin mouth lip tongue ret jazyk zub kotnik chodidlo.

hladit hladit. krkat polykat Drkotd5 zuby. 86 .laskat lechtat to swallow Your teeth are chattering. vzdychat dusit se driet se zartce poti6st si rukou vzit koho za ruku vzit koho do ndrude zaloLiLruce zatnout pdsti lusknout prsty vysmrkat se utiit si nos to pick one's nose to punch sb on the nose MOUTH dloubat se v nose d6t komu do nosu pokrdit rameny obejmout koho dotykat se Skr6bat to stick out one's tongue to lick one's lips to burp/belch vypl6znout jazyk olizovat se to touch to scratch to stroke to fondle to tickle iihnout.THE HUMAN BODY windpipe heart prtduSnice srdce BODITY FLUIDs AND EXCRETIONS TEtNf TEKUTINY A VYMESKY vein artery blood sweat Lila tepna liver kidney stomach spleen pancreas jitra ledvina Zaludek slezina krev pot slza tear saliva slinivka biiSni Zludnik tenk6 stievo tlust6 stievo slep6 stievo sliny gall bladder small intestine large intestine bile urine stool BODY SYSTEMS Llut mod stolice TELNi SOUSTAVY appendix bladder recfum ovary uterus prostate modov'. chechtat se chichotat se (posm65n6) sm6t se pod vousy to breathe to hold one's breath dychat zadri.20.i mdchyi respiratory digestive di?chaci konednik vajednik ddloha prostata trdvici nervov6 obdhov6 nervous cardiovascular lymphatic endocrine lymfatick6 endokrinni lyludovaci rozmnoLovaci urinary reproductive BODILY FUNCTIONS AND MOVEMENTS i HEAD AND EYES I to clench one's teeth otodit se zatnout zu\ to furn one's head i to shake one's head to nod one's head vrtdt hlavou polcyvat hlavou LAUGHTER to smile to laugh at sb/sth usmivat se sm6t se komu/demu to raise/lift one's head/look up vzhl6dnout to blink one's eye mrknout okem mnout si odi to roar witli laughter to giggle to snigger to chuckle v6let se smichy to rub one's eyes NOSE AND BREATH hihiat se. zatajit dech lapat po dechu ARMS AND HANDS to gasp for breath to sniff to snore to srgh to choke/sufiocate to blow one's nose to wipe one's nose to rub one's hands to hold sth in one's hand to hold hands to shake hands to take sb by the hand to take sb in one's arms to cross/fold one's arrns to clench one's fists to snap one's fingers to shrug one's shoulders to hug/embrace (fml) sb mnout si ruce drZet co v ruce popotahovat nosem chr6pat povzdechnout si.et.

1{OTES a7 .20.THE HUMAN BODY HUMAN ANATOMY: name the parts of the human body.

THE HUMAN BODY to slap/smack sb to pinch sb to hit/punch sb to bang to bang one's fist on sth to pull sth to push sth to press sth pl6cnout koho Stipat koho to throw to throwsth away to fling sth FEET AND WALKING hizel odhodit co mrstit aim uhodit koho buSit bouchnout p6sti do deho t6hnout co tladit co zm6dknout na co madkat co to stand on tiptoe/on one's toes st6t na Spiik6ch to stamp one's feet to shuffle one's feet to shuffle/shamble to creep/crawl to hobble dupat nohama pie5lapovat z nohy na nohu Sourat se to squeeze sth to bend sth to tear sth to pick up/lift sth to upset/overturn/tip over/ ohfbat co trhat co zvednout co plazit se belhat se pievrhnout upustit co tolimp to run to dash to trot kulhat bdiet uh6ndt klusat. pobihat knockover to drop sth BETTY lS A BEAUTY: name the parts of Betty's head and face.20. NOTES 88 .

THE HUMAN BODY BODILY FUNCTIONS AND GESTURES: guess which expressions and/or gestures the pictures below illustrate? NOTES 89 .20.

blondj'nka bruneta tmavohndd6 kaStanov6 zrzav6 brunette darkbrown auburn ginger bald receding hair loose kouty rozpuStdn6 zapleten6 dark black grey short tmav6 dern6 5ed6 plaited ponytail bunches ohon culiky cop kr6tk6 dlouh6 PO chignon long shoulder-length bun French pleat drdol ramena francouzs\i drdol dredy sestiih na jeZka oholend hlava straight waYy rovn6 dreadlocks crew cut shaved head vlnit6 kadeiav6 curly frizzy thick kudrnat6 hust6 bob mik6do p6Sinka parting fringe crop thin shiny ridk6 leskl6 ofina kr6thii sestiih 90 .. atletickd postava to watch one's figure hlidat si postavu to keep/lose one's figure pear-shaped build udriovat si I ztr atit postavu thin/skinny/bony muscular/athletic build medium/average build postava ve tvaru 5irok6 ramena zarostl6 hrud hruiky broad shoulders stiedni postava hairychest large/small breasts fl at-chested/small breasted well-built plump stocky build urost$ plnoStihlj. Stihly drobn6. vytvarovan6 tdlo/nohy nohy do tvaru X nohy do tvaru O rizk6l5irok6 boky ..ATTRACTIVENESS pretty/beautiful woman handsome man krdsn6 Zena gorgeous/stunning cute nidhernyl6 rozkolnj. zav al1t6. sturdy fat overweight obese statny. 5tihl6 postava hubenf. p velk6/mal6 prsa s kiprli adit6 p ostava malj'rni iadry . vyz6bly svalnatd.. o5kliry/6 kr6snf muZ good-looking attractive pohlednf/6 plain/homely unattractive piltaitlivil6 nepiitaLlivil6 BUILD slim/slender slight build hubenf..l6 nehezlcyl6. o ds shapely body/legs .. silny knockknees bowlegs tlusty s nadvdhou ob6zni odpudivd tlusty tlust'och narrodwidehips firm thighs/buttocks flat belly beer belly sagging pevn6 stehna lhi/Ld| . povisly good figure mit hezkou postavu HAIR fair blonde svdtl6 lank greasy to be losing one 's splihl6 mastn6 hair/going bald pleSatdt pleS blond.. gross (inf) ploch6 biicho fattylfatso (inf) to have a pivni pupek propadlli...

. PHYSICAL APPEARANCE perm tinted/dyed hair trval6 ondulace barven6 vlasy sv6tl6 praminlcy.21. . melir strand ofhair lock ofhair praminek vlasfi pramen vlast. k5tice highlights rinse to get one's hair cut/done dandruff split ends wig hPy roztiepen6 konedky paruka pieliv nechat se ostiihat FACE round square kulaty hranaty arched eyebrows klenut6 obodi big/straight/bulbous nose hooked/Roman nose snub nose velkf/rovny/baiaty nos orli nos tupy nos.pr56k" propadl6/buclat6 tvdie vystoupl6 licni kosti oval ov6lnf pretty pale hezki bledy vr6sdity hollodchubby cheeks wrinkled freckle high cheekbones fu ll/thin/sensual/cracked piha dblidek bradavice mateisk6 znamdnko akn6 lips pln6/rizk6lsmysln6/ popraskan6 rty rovn6/kiiv6/fale5n6 zuby piedkus nosit rovnftka Spidatd/dvojit6 brada dimple wart even/crooked/false teeth birthmark acne buck teeth to wear a brace pockmarked spotted podbbany flekaty rysok6/nizk6lw6sdit6 delo jasn6/propadl6lmdl6l 5ikm6 odi pointed/double chin moustache knir vousy bradka high/lodwrinkled forehead beard goatee bright/holloddull/ slanted eyes sideburns clean-shaved kotlety hladce oholenf thick/thin/straight eyebrows hust6/iidk6/rovn6 obodi U'} 91 .

NOTES 92 .21. PHYSICAL APPEARANCE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: describe the appearances of the people below.

ve 5patn6 nrlladd horrified at/by sth apsetabout/at/by sth zddienf dim ubliZenli.irn ospalli unaveny unconcerned aboutsthl indifierent to sth apathetic aboutsth confu sed/puzzledlperplexed tired exhausted vyderpanf ztrhany.v rozpacich kvrili iemu to feel uncomfortable/awkward citit se nepiijemnd.waLeny vinen klrrli demu zklamat se v dem/kom citit se pod psa bezmocnf zoufali. kriie zjandit se na5tvany. bezmocnli disappointed sth zklamanlikvtli demu Ihostejnf k demu apatickf vtidi demu zmateny... potd5enf happy/glad/pleased to lift/raise sb's spirits to please sb/make sb happy happy/cheerfrrl to cheer sb up to make sb's day (inf) zvednout n6ladu potdSit koho FEELING UNHAPPY to feel bad/miserable sad citit se Spatnd lmizern| to be afraid/frightened/ scared o/sth/sb mit strach z deho/koho k smrti vystra5enli. St'astnf rozveselit koho potd5it koho spokojenf r6d. nesvrij krrili temu to feel uneasy about sth to feel as iflas though. utahany. citit citit se cely nesvtij. trapnd nerv6zni z deho worried/anxious abozf sth/sb znepokojeny. r6d. rozzlobenf lorili zbl|znit se. rydd5enf Sokovanli'/zaskodenf dim smutnli neSt'astny unhappy frightened/scared to death shocked at/by sth lonely surly/bad-tempered depressed/down/low to get depressed about st}r to feel blue hopeless desperate ne5t'astnf. ro zdileny kvtli to lose one's temper to hit the roof (inf)/ blow one's top (inf) to go mad/go berserk (inf) to annoy/irritate sb to get on sb's nerves to infuriate sb 93 roztilit r se se. naitvanj' na koho kvtli demu furious wifh sb/oneself/or sth hroznd naStvany na koho/na sebe kvtli iemu enraged. rozzlobenf na sebe hrozn6 na5tvanf koho klrili demu I6zt ndkomu na nervy dohindt koho k zuiivosti . w ith / at huff gailty at/aboutsth ab o ut / at / w ith to be disappointed in sth/sb frustrated sleepy sthI sb frustrovany. z sth/sb demu/komu na5tvany..v rozpacich otrdvenf iim/h. plnf obav a strachu o colkoho to worry abouf sth/sb to be terrified o/sth ddlat si starosti o co/koho to feel self-conscious about stlr citit se trapn6.. ab out at with / / mrzufi. FEELING ANGRY annoyed at/with sb/or sth annoyed about/by sth upset wifh sb 'rr-ritated.. at/by sthlsb vztelcybez sebe kr'&li demu/ rozmrze$ kvrili demu rozzlobenf na koho komu lby po dr 6Ldlnj. osam6$ nevrly. rozdilovat ugry with/af oneself frrrious at/about sth naiffanli. zly. na5tvany kvrili demu deprimovany propadnout depresi krrili demu hurt to be in a ukrivddnf bytrczmrzely.FEELING HAPPY to feel fine/good to feel great happy/satisfi ed/content citit citit se dobie amused aflb7 sth pobaven iim se skvdle enthusiastic aboutsth ecstatic aboutsth nad5enf z deho vytrLeni z teho vese\i. zntieny zmtdEny z deho/koho worn out/tired out bored ryifh sth/sb nervous aboutsth to feel embanas ed about/ at sth citit se trapnd. rozzlobenf na koho oziilit ngrywith/atsb tngry about/over sth ryletdt lybuchnout. v rozpacich se lorili iemu mit hrfizu z deho jako kdyby. demu to make sb angry/make sb mad rozdilovat koho Stv6t koho.

doj emnf tu @ hlidat sv6 emoce podlehnout demu potladit piekonat 6diit/skryvat sv6 emoce emotion confl icting/mixed emotions emotional emotionless bezcitnli.. FEELINGS. zijemo co obavy. etc mood naladit koho dobie/Spatnd apod. 266t. nen6vist ke komu lcym citit litost ke komu. litost ke komu soucit.for sb disgust withsth contempt. prosty citu d6t najevo sv6 emoce MOODS to be in a good/bad/ foul. POCITOVAT.for sth/sb hatred of/fur/towards sb spite fowards sb soucit s $m. bitterness hoikost l6sku ke komu urgeJfor sth nutkdni k demu obdivke komu love/or sb love of/for sth admiration. porozumdni pro koho. emotions or moods do each of these masks express? 2 r=44 \>_e? ffi w EMOTIONS to control one's emotions to give in to sth to suppress to overcome to express/hide one's emotions to display/show one's emotions vyj v nff:* a\g \a/ VK? w ww to arouse (strong) emotions to experience (a similar) vzbuzov at ( siln6) emoce zaZit (podobnf) pocit smi5en6 pocity citov d zalo i.. etc mood to be in an mit dobrou/Spatnou/ piiSernou atd...for sb interest ir z6libu v iem Z6rlivost na koho zdvist ieho sth/sb zijemo colkoho starost. dostat se do nrllady./or sb to feel sorry. strach z deho zvddavost k iemu jealousy o/sb envy o/sth concernforlabout sth concern over/with sth tiredness fatigue/exhaustion loneliness grief over/at sth fnavu ryderp6ni samotu curiosity about sth indifference to /towards sth lhostejnost k demu vzru5eni nad dim excitement at/over sth disgust at sth ial.en'i. litovat koho SENSITIVE MASKS: what feelings. naladit se to affect sb's mood mood swings ovlivnit di nriLladu rykyrry n6lad to get into the mood to be/feel in the mood for sth mit ndladu/chut' ddlat co moody nriladoly 94 . EMOTIONS.. MOODS TO FEEL. slitov6ni s pohrd6ni nad dim/loitm nendvist ke komu zloba.22. smutek nad dim sb rozhoideni nad iim odpor k demu sympathy/pity/or compassion. niladu byit to lighten sb's mood povzn6st di nfladu to be in no mood for sth to get up on the wrong side ofbed nemit nSladu na co vst6t z postele levou novou optimisticky naladdnf optimistic mood to put sb in a good/ bad.

22.. '\'fna ? A w ilOTES 95 ... FEELINGS. (^-h\. MOODS sAM s FEELINGS: sam is very emotional. EMOTIONS. How is he feeling in each of these pictures? \\ N / //"t'/' 7/..

/ NOTES Gl- 96 . ' . . . FEELINGS.22. ? How would you feel if you found yourself in each of these situations? ab. EMOTIONS. MOODS HOW WOULD YOU FEEL lF .

enigmatic/mysterious 97 . laskar. soudnf prakticky. temperamentni spontdnni uzavieny (ne)pi6telsky (ne)spoledenslof' odviLni. o5k1ir". coward zbabdlec reserved/withdrawn/ domineering strict lenient/soft /tolerant/ permissive dominantni introverted (un)friendly (un)sociable piisny shovivar. nenasytny. mirnf talkative/chatty quiet/taciturn/ uncommunicative upovidany hard-working/diligent m6lomluvnf vtipny.. realisticky urSLIivy divny. pravdomluvny (ne)destnf lazylidle perfectionist clumsy/all thumbs rash/hasty/impulsive forgetfu Uabsent. zibavnf nudny otevieny. bezohlednf bezcltn'i.i sympatich.. skoupy. racion6lni. mi$. pomalu modest/unpretentious/ humble boastfrrl/immodest big-headed/conceited/ stuck-up arrogant/pretentious snobbish/snobby/snooty to underestimate oneself/ put oneself down brave/courageous a skromny. Slechetnf lakom1i. hodnf laskavy.. destnf upiimnlii. tolerantni hlpocritical/two . r oztr Lifi pohodolnf.y zvidavy vzn6tlir". ukvapenli. podivinsky practicaUrealistic/ down-to-earth headstrong/pig-headed/ stubborn/obstinate wrdohlavf.i zlomyslnlf.i.minded relaxed/laid-back (inf) / easy-going (in0 pilnf liny perfekcionista nemotorny. zabedndnf sebev6domf Plachli?' stydlivY' gantni. slow chltrf m6nd inteligentni ..i. Iehkomyslnf drivdiivy. se shy/timid/self-conscious lively/energetic/animated/ vivacious spontaneous nesmdlli Zily.faced warm-hearted/kind-hearted nice pokrytecky dobrosrdednf.podly svddomiry pedlivf nezodpovddnli.. hrabiry rozumny. pozorn'i vystfedni Sileqi. drzy sobecky zly. nerozumny (infl natwd$. nerozviLn'i zapomn6tlivf. wifty/amusing boring/dull open/straight sincere/frank/truthfrrl (dis)honest levy zbrkly. nezdvoiilf nezdvoiilj."y'. piimy. unpredictable calculating indecisive eccentric tdiko piedvidatelnf rypoditavy nerozhodnf. domliSlirn_i self. neohrabanf.intelligent/brighVquick-witted inteligentni. t6Zkop6dny. lakotnf Lirli'.assured snobskf podceiovat statednll'. not very intelligent/bright . naivni conscientious/carefrrl careless selfish/self-centred/ egocentric envious jealous credulous/gullible/naive suspicious generous z6vistiry podeziivavy velkorysy. Skodoliby tazylmad. vybu3ny curious/inquisitive quick-tempered/ bad-tempered touchy/easily ofiended strange/frealcy/weird (infl a mean/stingy greedy/grasping sensible/reasonable chamtivy. v6havf kind considerate/thoughtfu I inconsiderate/thoughtless mi$ ohleduplny.lbarmy (infl ambitious rude/impolite disrespectfuUcheelcy potrhlf unkind/nasty/cruel spitefu l/vicious/malicious mean ctii6dostivf hruby. pokorny rychloubatnf namy5lenf aro chilpajici stupid dense (inf)/thick hloupf.confi dent/self. vesely. umindnf freak (inf)/a weirdo (inf) podivin zShadnj.

HUMAN QUALITIES WHAT ARE THEY LIKE? which human qualities do each of these people represent? [W NOTES 98 .23.

HEALTH AND HEATTH PROBLEMS
the state ofhealth

zdravotni stav dobry/vyborny zdravotni
stav
Spatnli' zdravotni stav

to become ilUfall ill/get

ill

good/excellent health

onemocndt drobnd p otii.e, onemocndni leclt

minor ailments
to treat
a cure

poor/ill health
failing health
health care health risk/hazard to damage one's health to improve one's health

for

a disease

zhor5ujici se zdravi zdravotnip6.te

l6k na nemoc

to cure to feel much better to get well
to get worse

Yyl6iit citit
se

zdravotni riziko nidit si zdravi
zlep5it si zdravi

mnohem l6pe

uzdravit se zhor5it se uzdravit se z teho zbavit se deho

to be disposed/immune to sth bia nilchylnylimunni k demu

to recover from sth to get rid ofsth

PAINS
to complain of
(nagging/shooting ...) pain
severe pain stdZovat si na (otravnou/

rystielujici

to ease/relieve pain to kill pain

...) bolest

zmirnit bolest
zbavit od bolesti bolestivy bezbolestny

hrozn6, prudki bolest
nesnesiteln6 bolest

unbearable pain

painful
painless

My (baclc/shoulder ...)
hurts/aches. to hurt like hell (inf)

Boli md (zAdalrameno ...). boletjako dert

to persist to be gone

pietrvdvat pominout, ustat

ILLNESS AND DISEASE
illness disease
to sufier from an
a disease

nemoc, onemocndni
(v Sir5im kontextu)

RESPIRATORY TROUBI.E

RESPIRA(Ni POTiZE
A CHOROBY

AND DISEASES

nemoc, choroba (v6Zn6j5i,

sore throat

konkr6tni s urditymi projevy)

bolest v krku

illness/

cold/chill flu
to catch/get
a

trpdt nemoci

nachlazeni

chiipka

to contract a disease (fml)

piivodit

si nemoc

cold

nachladit se dostat chiipku
leZet s

slmptoms of an illness/
a disease

piiznaky nemoci

to catch/get the flu
to be in bed with flu to be hoarse

chiipkou

serious/chronic illness/dise ase viLnLl chronick6 nemoc stomach/live6 etc. disorder Zaludeiniljaterniatd,.
onemocndni

chraptdt
ka6lat
kaSel

to cough cough to sneeze

kid".,

failure

selh6ni (ledvin) rakovina plic/prsu apod. zhoubni, / nezhoubny n 6dor ndhl6 onemocndni

lung/breast, etc. cancer malignant/benign tumour

hichat
riTna
bolest hlavy natekl6 mandle zdndt mandli, angina

runnynose
headache swollen tonsils

rute illness
fuaUdeadly illness/disease
I

smrtelni nemoc
(ne)vyl6ditelni nemoc
d6tsk6 nemoc

tonsillitis
to sweat to take one's temperature fever
...

in)curable illness/disease
disease

.iildhood

potit

se

zmdiit si teplotu
horedka

infectious/contagious disease

infekdni choroba
choroba

Lcart/venereal/skin ... disease srdedni/pohlavni/koZni

to have a temperafure

mit zvyienou teplotu
stoupnout klesnout

nental disease
psvchosomatic illness

to rise to drop

du5evni choroba psychosomatick6 nemoc

99

24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS

thermometer
to show

teplom6r

epilepsy epileptic

epilepsie

nam6iit
zrindt prridu5ek

fit

epilepticky z6chvat
roztrou5en6 skler6za
ATERGIE A KOZNf CHOROBY

bronchitis
pneumonia asthma
DIGESTIVE DISORDERS

multiple sclerosis
ALTERGY AND SKIN DISEASES

zipalplic
astma
PORUCHY ZAZ1VANI

allergic to sth
hay fever
loss ofappetite nausea

alergickf na co
senn6

rjma

nechutensM
nevolnost
zkaZeny Zaludek otrava jidlem

allergic rash allergic reaction to sth allergen anaphylactic shock
cold sore

alergickd vyrdika

alergickd reakce na co
alergen

indigestion
food poisoning diarrhoea

anafylakticky 5ok opar

prtjem
zicpa hemoroidy
kiede

constipation
haemorrhoids cramps
(stomach) ulcer

rash
eczeIJJ.

vyrii:ka
ekz6m

psoriasis
ARTICULAR DI5EAsE5

lup6nka
KtOUBNi NEMOCI

(Zaludeini) vied

to feel sick
to be siclc/vomit

citit

se

na zvraceni

zvracet

rheumatism

revmatismus

to throw sth up to swallow sth to choke on sth dysentery cholera
CARDIOVASCULAR DIStASES

vyvracetco
spolknout co
d6vit se dim riplavice cholera
KARDIOVASKUTARNI
CHOROBY

arthritis
gout

artritida
dna

artificial joint
INFECTIOUS DISEASES

umdlf kloub
INFEK(Ni CHOROBY

(virus) infection
spread ofa disease

(virovd) infekce

contagious/infectious/catching nakaZlivy, infekdni
Siieni choroby epidemie

anaemia hypertension/ high blood pressure heart attack
varicose veins

chudokrermost vysokli krevni tlak
srdedni infarkt

epidemic

typhoid malaria
jaundice hepatitis salmonelosis tuberculosis
rabies

tyfus
mal6rie Zloutenka

kiedov6

i{ly

hepatitida
salmonel6za tuberkul6za

vein thrombosis stroke
NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISORDERS

iilni

tromb6za

mrMce
NERVOVE A DUSTVNi

vzteklina
spalnidky

measles

PORUCHY

sleeplessness/insomnia

nespavost

mumps
scarlet fever

piiu5nice
sp6la

migraine
depression

migr6na
deprese

German measles
chicken pox

zard6nky
neStovice d6tsk6 obrna

breakdown neurosis
psychosis

zhrouceni neur6za
psych6za

polio
whooping cough

iernf
z65krt

kaSel

mania schizophrenia paranoia

m6nie schizofrenie paranoia

diphtheria vaccination/inoculation
to be vaccinated/ inoculated against sth

odkov6ni
byit

oikovanf proti iemu

100

24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS

PAINS AND TROUBLES: guess which pains, troubles or illnesses these people may have.

W

*.@
ft

\,

tg

I

o.

TN

NOTES

101

injury/ an injury to the head..) stab/knife/gunshot wound flesh/gaping wound to heal to heal a zranEnf zranit koho/sebe poisoning to fester to weep scar poranit si (koleno . etc. nablil vddomi tdik6 krvSceni internal bleeding to lose a lot ofblood to bleed to death vnitini krv6ceni ztratit spoustu krve vykrv6cet amputace cut gtaze scrape iiznfii odienina Skr6bnuti Stipnuti amputation suitable donor (blood/organ .) sting dobrovolnd darovat krev byt mimo nebezpeii splinter blister bruise tiiska puchyi modiina.. pohotovost department operating theatre/ emergency room d6t do s6dry operaini s6l komplikace n6sledky znehybnit z6vdsnli 56tek complications after-efiects ortopedic\i limec 102 . obinadlo oiivit. HEALTH AND ILLNESS INJURIES to sufier a serious/minor/ utr p Et v 6Ln6.. \Tvrtnout vyron... podebirat se wounded/injured to hurt/injure sb/oneself to hurt one's (knee . obdt' frostbite drowning bite snakebite casualty u$tknuti otrava hnisat. org6nu . randnyi.ze l6k6rnitka sterilni giza obvaz. tiraz poskltnout prvni pomoc pohotovost splint to stop the bleeding dlaha zastavit krvdceni tourniquet to resuscitate Skrtldlo first aid kit sterile galJ. podlitina spillenina to survive to die of sth pieLit zemiit na co burn FIRST AID to have an accident to give first aid an emergency mit nehodu.6raz vyv6znout bez zranlni poran6ni hlavy apod. vymknuti omdlit piiv6st koho k sobd zlomit zlomenina natdhnout si sval vyhozen6 plot6nka ischias fracture to pull/strain a muscle slipped disc sciatica piijit k sobd.) mokvat jizva oties mozku v bezvddomi elektrichy' 5oh rider bodnil ieznilstieln6 r6na powchovd/otewen6 r6na zahojit r6nu concussion unconscious electric shock to faint to bring sb round to come round severe/heavy bleeding wound hojit se proudem to sprain/twist sprain to break r1'rnknout. opaienina omrzlina utonuti pokous6ni zranlni.. etc.. vzkiisit z rist do irst mouth-to-mouth resuscitation dychrlni artificial respiration/ the kiss of life umdl6 dfch6ni zavolat sanitku n6st koho na nositk6ch dressing/bandage plaster antiseptic niplast dezinfekce l6k proti bolesti mast to call an ambulance to carry sb on a stretcher to be taken by ambulance painkiller ointment to clean the wound to bandage to stitch up the cut to put in plaster to immobilize sling neck brace to hospital to be rushed to hospital accident and emergency byt odvezen sanitkou do nemocnice by'1 vyfistit r6nu obvizat se5it ieznou rdnu rychle pievezen do nemocnice porirazov6 odddleni.24. I lehk6/vnitini scald internal injury to escape/avoid injury head..) donor to volunteer to donate blood to be out ofdanger vhodnli d6rce ddrce (krve.

) penicillin to sweat/perspire to apply a cold compress penicilin b1t o5etien/l6ien potit se under close medical supervision to follow the doctor's advice efiective medicine/drug side effects pod iddnym l6kaiskym dohledem dbdt rad ldkaie piiloZit studenf obklad krdtkodobf/dlouhodoby irdinek pouze odpodivat short-term/long-term efiect to have a complete rest to keep out ofcontact with people to spread the germs to infect sb fdinny l6k vedlejSi tidinlcy vyhybat se styku Siiit bacily nakazit koho s lidmi to take one's medicine recommended dose overdose br6t. HEALTH AND ILLNESS TREATMENT treatment oflfor (cancer.. poradit se s to have regular checkups to strip to the waist to stick out one's tongue to take sb's pulse/ blood pressure to give an injection to prescribe some medicine jit na pravideln6 prohlidky svl6ci se do prili tdla with the doctor to go to/see/ visit a doctor about sth to consult a doctor to examine sb to do a test trypl|znoutjazyk zmdiit ii pulzlkrevni tlak pichnout injekci piedepsat leky l6kaiem vySetiit koho prov6st test prescription to collect one's medicine chemist's/pharrnacy piedpis ryzvednout si l6k6rna 1619 finding nilez AT THE DENTIST toothache cavity tooth decay decayed/rotten tooth plaque gum abscess loose tooth bolest zubu dira v zubu.) to be given treatment l6dba (rakoviny apod. etc. kaz oral hygiene fstni hygiena plomba rovn6tka filling brace zubnikaz zkai.. uiivat l6ky doporuden6 ddvka pied6vkov6ni pr65ek pill tablet drops tableta alternative/modern/ traditional .eny zub to drill a wtat trhat nechat si zubni plak z6ndt d6sni to extract/pull to have tooth out qtrhnout zub viklary zub false teeth/dentures zubniprotlza 103 . medicine allopathic/ homeopathic medicine herbaUholistic medicine aromatherapy acupuncture massage alternativni/moderni/ tradidni... medicina alopatick6/ homeopatick6 l6tba kapky mast ointment gargle bylinn6/holisticka l6dba aromaterapie kloktadlo antibiotikum antidepresilrrm uti5ujici l6k l6k proti bolesti antibiotic antidepressant sedative akupunktura mas62 chiropractic yoga chiropraxe painkiller aspirin j6gu terapeut aspirin therapist AT THE DOCTOR patient GP (general practitioner) pacient results to send sb for an X-ray to have/undergo/submit (a medical examination) vysledlV poslat koho na rentgen prakticky l6kai zdravotni sestra ordinace nurse surgery podstoupit (l6kaisk6 vy5etieni) waitingroom to make an appointment dekirna objednat se u l6kaie navStivit l6kaie kvrili demu vyhledat.24.

=i{r\ .Ji 6.24. . HEALTH AND ILLNESS INJURIES.\ \ NOTES 104 . FIRST AID AND TREATMENT: comment on the injuries and mishaps illustrated below and think of the most appropriate first aid or treatment." r tP'.WA.

kardiologie gynekologie outpatient inpatient on his rounds.i pes postiZeni (1id6 s postiienim) tdlesnd/du5evnd postiZenf hluchondmy znakov6 ied physically/mentally disabled to be hearing-impaired to be hard ofhearing mit vadu sluchu nedos$chat to sign to be in a wheelchair tlumodit do znakov6 iedi blit na invalidnim voziku vozik deaf hearing aid visually impaired short-sighted long-sighted hluchf naslouchadlo s to be confined to a wheelchair b.) to be confined to bed pod nark6zou celkov6/mistni umrtveni operovat (koleno apod. etc. vada. invalidita postiZeni.k 5pid6k milktooth zubni sklovina mlddnf zub tienorry' zub enamel premolar molar wisdom tooth nerve nerv koien root stolidka zub moudrosti IN HOSPITAT hospital careltreatment hospital stay to be admitted to hospital to be in hospital o5etieni v nemocnici pobyt v nemocnici byt piijat do nemocnice under anaesthetic general/local anaesthetic to operate on (the knee.it upout6n na invalidni vadou zraku wheelchair user artifi cial limb/prosthesis crutches to need constant care home care to look after sb vozidk6i kr6tkozraky dalekozralcy prot|za berle ryZadovat neust6lou p6di dom6ci p6de starat se o koho colour-blind barvoslepf slepf oslepnout blind to go blind 105 .) byt upoutanf na lfiZko jednotka intenzivni p6de (|IP) odddleni leiet v nemocnici nemocnidni pokoj ward to be discharged/ released from hospital intensive care unit (ICU) bjt propu5tdn z nemocnice ambulantni pacient hospitalizovanf pacient department The doctor is (out) Doktor m6 nyni vizitu. cardiology gynaecology clinic visiting hours blood test klinika n6vStdvni hodiny maternity paediatrics porodnice pediatrie dermatologie ortopedie krevni test rentgenov'y' snimek X-ray analysis of blood/urine dermatology orthopaedics physiotherapy (plastic) surgery rozbor krve/modi to make (an accurate) diagnosis stanovit (piesnou) diagn6zu surgeon anaesthetist chirurg anesteziolog frzioterapie (plastick6) chirurgie onkologie urologie psychiatrie oncology to have/undergo an to perform a operation jit na/podstoupit operaci prov6st (rutinni) operaci urology psychiatry (routine) operation DISABILITIES disability handicap the disabled postiZeni. handicap Braille guide dog/seeing eye dog deaf anddumb sign language Braillovo pismo slepech. HEALTH AND ILLNESS crown korunka mristek gum d6sefi bridge TOOTH incisor canine iezl.24.

HEALTH AND ILLNESS l LIFESTYTE good/poorhealth state dobr6/chab6 zdravi zdravotni stav sedentary way of life lack of physical exercise sedavf zptsob iivota nedostatek pohybu ofhealth (good) physical and mental (dobrf) fyziclcy stav a duievni regular exercise strenuous high cholesterol level in the blood diabetes pravidelnf pohyb namfhalni.24.) dddidnost dlouhovdkost malnutrition overeating obesity low fat diet to consist of sth to have a balanced diet podviLiva piejiddni obezita nizkotudn6 strava skl6dat se z deho se heredity longevity environmental factors to live to (be) 90 vlivy Zivotniho prostiedi doZit se devades6ti let starat se o sv6 (du5evni) to take care of one's (mental) health to keep zdravi udrZovat se v kondici mit lyv6Zenou strar. mit sklon drinking hangover to build up an addiction to sth to be addicted to sth/be hooked on sth (inf) alkoholu kocovina vybudovat si z6vislost na dem kiemu to succumb to sth to ruin/damage one's health to gamble with one's health to overdo it (inf) to cut down on sth to slowdown to be under a lot ofstress at podl6hat temu byt zdvislli na dem niiit si zdravi zahrivat si se zdravim pieh6ndt to omezit co nicotine addict to smoke a nikotin z6vislf dlovdk lot/heavily hodnd kouiit .u pit dostatedn6 mnoZstvi tekutin omezit sladkosti/tuind jidla fit to drinkenough liquid to to be good/bad for one's bjt dobr6/5patn6 pro sv6 zdravi piispivat k dobr6mu zdravi prevence health to contribute to good health prevention health risk/hazard health problem to be prone to sth limit sweets/fatty meals to avoid sth vyhfbat se demu temptation excessive cofiee/alcohol poku5eni nadm6rn6 pitikSryl zdravotni riziko zdravotni probl6m byt n6chylny.hulit jako fabrika' polevit pracovat ve velk6m stresu zvl6dat stres stresujici vyderpany naudit se odpodivat dostatednf sprinek to chain-smoke/smoke like a chimney (inf) to have strong work risk ofdeveloping lung cancer riziko vzniku rakoviny plic a to cope with stress stressful will mit pevnou vfili majici silnou odhodl6ni vytrvalost zdkaz strong-minded determination perseverance ban on smoking in public places rrili run-down to learn to relax sufficient sleep kouieni na veiejnosti 106 . etc. usilovnf vysok6 hladina cholesterolu condition innate gene vrozenir gen v krvi cukrovka genetic (make-up.. vada apod. defect.) genetickf (uzptisobeni.

24. HEALTH AND ILLNESS

MR HAZARD-S LIFESTYLE: what do you

thinkof this man's lifestyle? Explain where you disagree with his choices.

NOTES

107

15,;,,:'1ff9 ,**.,'
WEATH ER AN D TEM PERATU RE
What's the weather like?
fak6 je podasi?

It's (10) degrees above/
below zero.

good/bad weather conditions dobr6/5patn6 povdtrnostni

|e (10 stupiri) nad/ pod nulou.

podminky
nice/fi ne/fairllovely weather
pdkn6, kr6sn6 potasi

(-10) degrees Centigrade/
Celsius

(-10) stupiri Celsia
Celsifiv teplomdr dos6hnout bodu mrazul bodu t6ni

nasty/horrible/ lousy (inf) weather
settled unpredictable unsettled/changeable to get warm to get cold

hrozn6, hnusnd podasi
st6l6

centigrade thermometer to reach thefreezingl

melting point
weatherman

nepiedvidateln6
nest6l6, promdnliv6

to watch theweather (forecast) sledovat piedpovdd podasi
hlasatel podasi
za

oteplovat se

in all weathers
to set in arctic/temperate/ tropical climate oceanic/continental/ insular climate climate/weather change global warming

jak6hokoli podasi

ochladit oteplit

se

nastat, zadit

towarm up
high/low tempetures
to fall/go down to rise/go up

se

arktick6/mirn6/tropick6 podnebi
oce6nsk6/vnitrozemsk6/ ostrovni podnebi
zmdna podnebi/podasi

vysok6/nizk6 teploty klesat stoupat

glob6lni oteplov6ni

SUNNY AND HOT WEATHER
in the sun in the shade
sunny
na slunci
ve

stinu

sultry heat/stifl ing hot/ boiling hot
scorcher sweltering hot to blaze down on sth/sb to glare to swelter

vedro, dusno

slunetno
iasno teplo
Slunce sviti.

pai6k, hic irmorn6 vedro
praLit na colkoho

bright
warm
The sun is shining.

osliovat (o slunci)
umdl6vat horkem, paiit v horku obdobi sucha
sucho
suchy,
se

to rise/come up to set/go down
clear/cloudless slcy

vychhzet
zapadat (o slunci) jasnd obloha

dryspell
drought arid (land, etc.) humid (airlclimate/
atmosphere)

hot/the heat
heatwave

horko
vlna horka

vyprah$ (zemd atd.)

vlhlcy, dusny (vzduchl

podnebi/ovzduSi)

RAINY WEATHER
light/steady rain moisture

slabyiqtrvalf
vlhkost, vl6ha

d65t'

wet/rainy
(scattered) showers

deitivy
(obdasn6)

pieh6iky

It looks like rain.
cloudy/overcast sky

V1pad6 to na d65t'
zamr aten6, zatai.en| obloha

(heary) downpour

(prudky) lij6k piivalovy dd5l lij6k
Leje jako z konve.

greyldull
cloud

pochmurno, zamrateno

heavy/torrential/ pouring rain

mrak
Obloha se zatahuje.

It's pouring/bucketing
down/teeming down.

It's clouding over.
It' s drizzhngl spitting. (inf )
cold damp

hailstorm
hailstones

krupobiti
ledov6 kroupy Padaji kroupy.

Mrholi. Poprch6v6.
studenf
vlhlcy, sychravy

It's hailing.

108

25.WEATHER

puddle raindrop
to be flooded floods
to be rain-drenched/soaked

IouZe, kaluZ de5t'ov6 kapka

to clear up

ryjasnit
duha

se

rainbow
(thick/dense) fog (fine) mist

b1t zaplaven

(hust6) mlha

ziplavy
byt promok$

(jemny) opar, mlha mlhavo

harylmistylfoggy

to get wet through/
get drenched through

promoknout na ktZi

WIND AND STORM
(cool/warm...) breeze (mild/strong...) wind to blow (hard)

(chladnf/teplf ...) ziv an
vdtru, viinek

thunder
flash of lightning

hrom
blesk

(mirnli/silnf
(silnd) foukat

...)

vitr

clap/cracVrolV
crash ofthunder

fder hromu himdt udeiit
hurikdn, tajfun
smrSt',

windy It's windy.
clustery
gale

vdtrno
Fouk6 vitr.

to thunder to strike

vdtrny, bouilivy

hurricane/typhoon tornado

vichiice bouie

torn6do

storm

SNOW AND FROST
mild/severe winter cold spell/cold snap

mirn6/krut6 zima
studend vlna, obdobi

ground frost to shiver/tremble with cold
to be

piizemnimriz
ti6st
se

zimou

chladna

frozen (stiff)

bjtzmrzli,, promrz$
umrznout
zledovat6$ (silnice ...) ledovy (vitr...) studenf jako led nriledi, n|mraza rampouch

chilly
frosty
to snow (heavily)

sychravy, mraziwi

to freeze to death icy (roads ...)

mrazivy,ledovf
(hustd) sndZit
sn6Zeni, chumelenice
SndZi.

icylfrosty (wind
icy cold black ice icicle to thadmelt

...)

snon{all

It's snowing.
crisp

kiupary
syph.i, prachovy

powdery
packed (snow)

t6t
t6ni, obleva

udusany (snih)
sndhov6 vloika

thaw It thawed overnight.

snor{lake hoarfrost
to pile up

The snow is beginning to melt. Snih zadin6 t6t. Pies noc byla obleva.

jinovatka hromadit
zAvdje
se

The lake thawed last month.

Rybnik rozmrznul minuly
m6sic.
fe pliskanice. (Pad6 d65t' se

snowdrifts
to clear the snow

odklidit snih
sndhovi bouie, v6nice

It's sleeting.
slush

snowstorm/blizzard

sndhem.)

It's freezing (hard).

(Silnd)Mrzne.

biedka bl6to

hard/heavy/sharp/severe frost silnf mr6z

mud

109

25. WEATHER WEATHER CONDITIONS: what's the weather girl's outlook for the week? NOTES 110 .

dvojnik/ dvojnice flop (inf) premiere jit na konkurz X-ratedfilm film nevhodnfpro ddti a mladistv6 THEATRE AT THE THEATRE usher(ette) pravidelnf n6vStdvnik divadla hlediStd jeviStd uvaddd(ka) theatregoer theatre programme divadelni program v zrlkulisi. triky hudba k filmu fi lmovd tearjerker (inf) cartoon animated film to dub subtitles (all-star/star-filled) cast actor actress doj6k kreslenf film animovanf film dabovat soundtrack trailer critic review cinema uk6zka (reklama) kritik kritika (dl6nek) kino multikino ndvStdvnik kina titulky (hvdzdn6) hereck6 obsazeni herec multiplex cinerna-goer hereika ritinkovat v hlavni roli filmov6 hvdzda to star What's on at the cinema today? ticket for (a film) box-office hit/ blockbuster (inf) Co dnes ddvaji v kin6? listek na (film) trh6k. senzace propad6k premi6ra film star a rising star tych|zejicihvlzda herec v hlavni leading/principal actor supporting role sfuntman/woman to go to an audition roli vedlej5i role kaskad6r/ka. za oponou zrikulisi Satna auditorium stage in the wings backstage dressing room orchestra aisle seat ulidka sedadlo sedadla v piizemi pit misto pro orchestr divadelni ndpovdda the stalls prompter cosfume set box balcony dress circle I6Le kostym sc6na balk6n prvni balk6n pokladna vyprod6no voln6 vstupenka do divadla Satna scenery stage prop kulisy rekvizita divadelni zkouSka (Romea a |ulie) boxoffice sold out rehearsal for/of (Romeo and iuliet) dress rehearsal complimentary ticket for the theatre generiilni zkou5ka (pied piedstavenim) zkouSet.FILM AND CINEMA silent/feature film (romantic) comedy slapstick comedy ndmli/celovederni film (romantick6) komedie groteska to make/shoot a film natodit film director producer reiis6r producent drama drama film crew cameraman filmori St6b thriller western napinavf film western kameraman sc6n6rista filmor"1. sc6n6i scriptwriter screenplay action/horror/war film love story akdni/hororovf/vdlednf film milostnyi piib6h make-up artist special efiects mask6r specidlni efekty. nacviiovat hru cloakroom lobby to rehearse a play hala 111 .

. senzace fuliet" a Dnes veier hraji .. hrdt hudbu poslouchat hudbu skl6dat hudbu to play music to listen to music to write/compose music heavymetal .. stand-in for sb dvojnik. rap. zaloZit hudebni skupinu zn6t noty. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT THEATRE STAFF farce fraika hra o tiech jedn6nich play hra dramatik herec heredka three-act play playwright actor actress pantomime musical matin6e evening performance pantomima muzik6l odpoledni piedstaveni vederni piedstaveni hero heroine lead/leading/starring role supporting role/part hlavni hrdina hlavni hrdinka hlavni role vedlej5i role first night/premiere full/emptyhouse the curtain rises/opens/ goes up premi6ra vyprodan6/pr6zdn6 hledi5td opona se zved6 opona kles6 vynikaj icilslabf herecky major/minor/title role to take the part of Romeo to play/act the part of Romeo to be cast in the role/part to cast sb in the male/ female lead a vi znamn|I mal6ltitulni role ujmout se role Romea the curtain falls/closes/ goes down hr6t roli Romea byt obsazen do role obsadit koho do hlavni muZsk6/2ensk6 role outstanding/poor perfomance to play in a vykon convincing way hr6t piesvdddivd The performance was a success. to form a blues. umdt hr6t/zpivat band/group to read music note to set/put sth to music musician composer singer I I zhudebnit co podle not nota.Romeo a failure/flop (inf) to hiss/boo to learn/forget one's lines to have stage fright propadrlk vypiskat naudit se/zapomenout text is playing tonight.Romeo and se.. bf1 na programu box-offi ce hiVblockbuster (inf) trh6k.i hlas sopriin alt mezzosopr6n overfure musical style poplrockl jazzlcountrymusic piedehra hudebni styl popovd/rockov6 I jazzov 6 I country hudba tenor baritone tenor baryton 112 t . dlouho bdZet v divadle long run to be on/be shown/be playing hr6t .26.iimuZsk'. heavy metal .. punk. punk. dubl6r koho z6skok. ndhradnik understudy extra stage manager to clap/applaud applause tleskat potlesk potlesk vstoje komparzista. t6n muzikant skladatel high/lownote tune/melody lyrics to sing/play in tune out oftune female/male voice soprano alto mezzo soprano rysokf/nizkf t6n n6pdv. to put on/perform tragedy comedy play uv6st hru. Piedstaveni mdlo rispdch. melodie zpEvik v vocal/live/recorded music classicaVchamber music ok|lniI Liv 6 I reprodukovand text pisnd zpivatlhrAt distd faleSnd i hudba i vdZn6lkomorni hudba symfonie son6ta symphony sonata I I Zensh. zahr6t piedstaveni trag6die komedie mit tr6mu MUSIC AND CONCERT MUSIC blues. rap. statista divadelni reZis6r n6vrh6i kostimt mask6r standing ovation costume designer to geVwin a round of applause sklidit potlesk make-up artist stagehand PERFORMANCE loud/thunderous applause curtain call to have a bouilivli potlesk kulis6k viwolini pied oponu mit iadu repriz.. fulie".

CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT A NIGHT AT THE THEATRE: come up with a story to explain Rob and Diane's night at the theatre.26. NOTES 113 .

26. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT bass bas kettledrum drumstick to beat drums tymp6ny paliika na buben bubnovat dinely to improvise to play by ear to be musical/have an ear for music to be tone-deaf MUSICAt INSTRUMENTS improvizovat hr6t bez not. koncertovat orchestr hudebni skupina. podle sluchu mit hudebni sluch nemit hudebni sluch cymbals rylophone triangle tambourine keyboard xylofon triangl tamburina kllvesov. kapela viola double bass orchestra band/group conductor podium the audience to pluck brnkat trsdtko akustick6/elektrick6 \rtara bendZo plectrum/pick (inf) acoustic/electric guitar dirigent p6dium publikum s6lista banjo mandolin harp soloist accompanist mandolina harfa dechornli ndstroj doprovod pdveclcy sbor choir vocalist woodwind/wind instrument flute piccolo saxophone vokalista fl6tna microphone pianist guitarist drummer flautist saxophonist the strings/the string mikrofon klavirista pikola saxofon clarinet oboe bassoon klarinet hoboj fagot foukaci harmonika \rtarista bubenik fl6tnista saxofonista mouth organ bagpipes brass instrument section dudy Zest'orni smydce (hudebnici hrajici na smydcov6 ndstroie) dechovd (hudebnici hrajici na dechov6 n6stroje) Zestd (hudebnici Zest'ov6 n6stroj woodwinds/the woodwind the brass the percussion synthesiser trumpet trombone horn French horn trumpeta trombon trubka lesni roh tuba hrajici na ndstroje) bici (hudebnici hrajici na bici n6stroje) syntetizitor tuba percussion bici ndstroj/e/ buben to accompany sb (on the piano) doprovodit koho (na klavir) drum fan fanouSek BOOKS AND READING BOOK chapter kapitola rirlwek odstavec spine hibet vazba obal Passage binding cover paragraph line page i6dek strdnka pieds6dka knihy (volnf list) bookjacket kniini piebal n6zev knihy title subtitle contents flyleaf podtitul obsah introduction preface/foreword rivod piedmluva 114 .y' n6stroj stringed instrument smydcov'.i nristroj string bow struna smydec piano organ AT A CONCERT klavir varhany violin cello housle violoncello viola kontrabas to give a concert poiddat koncert.

fantastickf romdn mit ndkolikknih rozedtenych najednou fiction pieskodit ndjak6 d6sti dodist short story love story povidka milostny rom6n rom6n pro divky. kfa edition to translate into (French) review pieloZit do (francouzitiny) READING kdtika liter6rni kritik z6pletka postava voracious/avid reader horlivy.26. prtvodce bestseler. dalSi dil biografie autobiografie blurb dedication appendix biography autobiography vdnovini dodatek diary reference book denik bibliography index bibliografie piirudka encyklopedie rejstiik ilustrace grafika v6zan6 kniha broZovan6 kniha encyclopedia thesaurus atlas illustration graphics hardback paperback copy naudnf slovnik. romanopisec literarygenre prose llterirniLinr pr6za poezie naudn6 literatura I couldn't tear myself away from the book heavybook odtrhnout.zajimavy dobie napsanf prostiedi well-written to read sth from coverto cover piedist co od zaddtku do konce autor. sculpture sochaisM.vzicn'i olejomalba abstraktni obraz oil painting abstract painting landscape vftvarn6 umdni malba kresba painting drawing krajina still life zatlii 115 . Iexikon atlas udebnice coursebook/textbook dictionary bestseller/blockbuster (inf ) trash slovnik rltisk pietisk. obtiLn6. socha umdleck6 dilo artist painter sculptor visual arts malii workof art valuable malii sochai cenny. CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT epilogue doslov vydavatelsk6 anotace sequel pokratov6ni. napinav'f piibdh letmo piedist co prostudovat co. dotisk handbook/manuaVguide book piirudka. ndklad knihy brak. spisovatel author/writer novelist to read sth atlin one sitting piedist co jednim dechem Nemohl jsem se od t6 k"iZLy prozaik. Zeny kniiku piedist si co znovu chicklit fairy tales detective story/whodunit prolistovat co. reprint to publish trhik rydat edice. velloy' dten6i literary critic/reviewer bookworm well-read readable knihomol sedtdli? plot character setting LITERATURE itivy. prodist co pedliv6 thriller horror horor prokousat se dim ART AND HANDICRAFTS contemporary/modern art moderni umdni um6lec. n6roin6 detba nez6Livnd tetba poetry non-fiction dull/boringbook to get around to the book to have several books going to skip some parts to finish the book to reread sth to flick/leaf/browse through sth to skim/scan through sth to pore over sth to plough through sth dostat se znovu k rozetten| kniZce fiction detective/historicaV romantic novel science beletrie napinavf/hist or icL<y I dobrodruZnf rom6n vddecko. projit zbELnE co poh6dky detektivka akdni.

26. rudni p16ce tkani drh6ni handicraft 116 . CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT portrait self-portrait acrylic/oil paints pastels easel portr6t autoportr6t akrylov6/olej ov6 barvy pastely engravmg rytectvi pr6ce se dievem woodworking pottery potter's wheel clay hrndiistvi hrndiish.i kruh hrndiiskd hlina model6iswi vyroba Sperkri maliiskf stojan paleta Stdtec palette brush art gallery art collector to exhibit modelling jewellery making glass painting umdleck6 galerie sbdratel umdni malovfni na sklo Siti sewing lystavovat embroidery crochet lace-making weaving macram6 vy5iv6ni h6dkov6ni palidkov6ni exhibition photography camera l fstava fotografovrini fotoapar6t iemesln6 vfroba.

CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT ENTERTAINMENT: what entertainment do these people enjoy? NOTES 117 .26.

) show uvfddt z6bavnf program hudebni poiad moder6tor hudebnich poiadri soutdZni poiad satellite music programme digital the news digitdlni zpr6vy hlasatel zpr6v Yllveejay game show newsreader/anchor quiz show sports programme vddomostni soutdi prime time hlavni vysilaci ias sportovni poiad 118 ..idenik mdsidnik neddlni noviny reporl|i. hlasatel television broadcast channel terrestrial cable pozemni kabelov6 satelitni moderdtor (show apod. monthly Sunday newspaper inzerce inzer6t. redakdni komenti{"i sloupek v novin6ch zpr6va.hled6 se" sezn6meni (inzerce) want ad lonely hearts (comic) strip tabloid the gutter press bulv6rni pldtek bulvdrni tisk seri6zni tisk kreslenf seri6l v periodiku televizni a rozhlasorli' broadsheet TV and radio guide glossy magazine periodical photographer paparazzi pravidelnli dasopis fotograf senzacechtM lovci fotografii ndklad novin cilovd dtendisk6 obec zpravodaj...) l'lpnout/zapnout ztlumit/zesilit zvuk piepnout (na jinii kan6l) piepnout na (CNN . s6rie televizni seridl divat se na televizi v televizi reporter interviewer documentary series TV to turn on/off to turn down/turn up to change the channel to switch over to (CNN screen ..) obrazovka ovl6drini d6lkov'f ovladat televizni rysiliini televizni kanril television serial three-part serial soap opera tiidflny seri6l telenovela situadni komedie controls remote control sitcom talkshodchat show reality show presenter host to host a talk show reality show moderdtor.. editorial column report classified ad daily weekly denik t'. prohl6dnout si co plnit titulni str6nky novin leafthrough sth TELEVISION television/TV (inf )/telly (inf ) the box (inf)/the tube (inf) to watch television/TV on television/on televize televize live broadcast current affairs iiv6 rysil6ni aktuiilni ud6losti report6r moder6tor (rozhovoru) dokument6rni film iada. prol6tnout bannerheadline to be in/make/grab/ hit the headlines prolistovat.NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES the press tisk v mistnich/celost6tnich novin6ch leading story/article the front page hlavni zpr6valdl6nek in the local/national newspapef titulni str6nka rivodnik. novin6i program dasopis tiStdny na kiidovdm papiie circulation target audience journal supplement subscription to publish sth to subscribe to sth to skim/scan to flickthrough sth/ dasopis (odborny) piiloha novin piedplatn6 reporter/journalist editor proof-reader headline editor korektor hlavni titulek palcovy titulek zveiejnit co piedplatit si co zbdLnd prodist.

27. moder6tor poiad s telefonichy'mi dotazy posluchadt talk shodchat show moderovat talk show phone-in long-/medium-/short-wave dlouhri/stiedni/k6tka vlnov6 d6lka lf' 0 119 . MEDIA commentator commercial moder6tor sportovniho preview webcast licence fee poiadu reklama upout6vka na televizni program webov6 vysillni koncesion6isky poplatek RADIO to listen to the radio on the radio poslouchat rozhlas v rozhlasu studio radio programme news newsreader studio poiad v rozhlase to turn the radio on/off to turn the radio down/up to tune in to a radio station broadcast frequency wavelength zapnout/vypnout r6dio ztlumit/zesflit zvuk r6dia naladit si rozhlasovou stanici zprfuy hlasatel zprdv announcer/presenter to host a vysil6ni frekvence vlnov6 d6lka rozhlasovf hlasatel.

o l-Iml \a g/? ..27.)'rz Y/-/ v NOTES 120 . MEDIA THE MEDIA: compare and contrast these pictures.

Spatnd rozum6t payphone phone booth to be cut off hoax/crank call (BrE)/ prankcall (AmE) anonymous call to slam down the phone to call a doctor/the police/ a cab. etc. bjt pieruien fale5ny telefon6t reverse charge calUcollect call hovor na irdet volan6ho (ndkdo si tropi ierty) mobile phone phone mobilni telefon utet za telefon telefonni karta textov6 zprAva posilat zprivy bill phone card anonl'rnni telefondt pr6sknout taxi atd. hledat 121 .TELEPHONING to pick up/lift the receiver zvednout sluch6tko local/long distance call area code mistni/mezimdstskf hovor sm6rov6 dislo to dial a number a vytodit dislo zavolat na dislo to phone number to look up the number phone book/ telephone directory ryhledat dislo telefonni seznam dovolat se komu volat ohlednd deho zanechatvzkaz pi edat v zkaz. nezavdSovat to hold on/hold the line to dial thewrong number telefonicllF zavdsit. schrfnka (piichozi po5ta) network to log in/on to sth piipojit (soubor) piiloha piihl6sit kdemu heslo piipojit se attachment to log ofi/out password user name odhl6sit se to visit sb's website/chat room navStivit nddi webovou str6nku/chat to be posted on the website web page byt umistdn na webov6 str6nce uZivatelskd jm6no to be online/offline to download (a file) to contact sb by email bj't piipojen/odhl65en webovd str6nka chatovaci mistnost stihnout (soubor) spojit se s kirn elektronicky chatroom to surf the Net to browse surfovat po internetu prohliZet. poloZit (sluchitko) zavdsit komu vytoiit 5patn6 dislo s to mistake sb for someone else spl6st si ndkoho jinf- ndh/m to hang up on sb to mishear telefonni automat telefonni budka pieslechnout. v zkizat ndco to answer the phone to take the phone (in the office) to make a zvednout sluch6tko (reagovat na zvondni) vzit si hovor (v kancel6ii) zavolat si to get through to sb to call about sth to leave to take a message a message call to get/receive a call to be on the phone to speak on the phone to calUphone (up)/ring sb to give sb a calUgive sb a ring to use sb's phone to call sb back bylover the phone to replace/hang up (the receiver) mit hovor byt na telefonu answering machine voicemail to speak up The line is engaged/busy. s text message to text/text message telefonem e/ piivolat l6kai p oliciiI incoming/outgoing calls piichozi/ o dch |zejici hov ory THE INTERNET to have access to the Internet/the Net mit piistup na internet byt piipojen to check one's email zkontrolovat si e-mailovou poStu to be connected connection seryice provider to send/receive/save an email poslat/piij mout/uloZit piipojeni poskltovatel uZivatel sid zpritlu email address e-mailov6 adresa user inbox to attach se. mluvit po telefonu zavolat komu zavolat komu zavolat si z nddiho telefonu zavolat komu nazpitek telefonni zlznamnk hlasov6 schr6nka mluvit nahlas Linka je obsazena.

na adresu to send sth COD (cash on delivery) Urgent for the attention of sb c/o (care of) return address postal order po5tovni poukdzka (piechodn6ho bydlistd) l1 \ 122 .) po5tou to hand in at the counter bypost to get lost in the post to open one's post letter postcard package/parcel ztratit se po5tou. kiehk6 poStovni dorudovatel/ka poslat dopis/balik letter/parcel the contents to deliver by recorded delivery/ by registered post dorudit doporudend poslat co na dobirku zp6tedni adresa Fragile Handlewith care This side up Zachizejte opatrnd Neklopit Piln6 k rukdm koho b1tem. balik neryZ6dand po5ta junkmail postman/postwoman to post a toweigh scales zviLit vrlhy obsah Pozor. dopisy apod. COMMUNICATION to search for sth (web) browser hledat co to find sth on the Internet to shop online nal|zt co na internetu nakupovat po internetu internetovf prohliZet POST OFFICE SERVICES writing paper/notepaper envelope dopisni papir obdlka zn6mka smdrovaci iislo airmail surface mail special delivery Ietecky pozemni po5tou spd5nd stamp postcode postage postbox po5tovni schr6nka poitovn6 nalepit zn6mku na co odesflatel adresdt letterbox to drop in the postbox to clear one's letterbox dorutovaci schr6nka hodit do schrrinky (veiejn6) to put a stamp on sth sender addressee lybrat si schriinku (soukromou) to enclose sth enclosure piiloZit co piiloha podat u piep|Llg.28. pii dorudeni pohled otewft si svou po5tu. dopis to collect sth at the post office vyzvednout si co na po5td (to deliver/be notified etc) (dorudit/byt vyrozumdn atd.

COMMUNICATION TELEPHONING: tell the tragic story of the telephone catastrophe. "f^'\t. / -/ Zn/ -- '/ rLz \ -z': u NOTES t-t-V-'r/ -4 123 .28.

piipravit koho o co oSidit koho o (d6stku) cheat to cheat sb out ofsth napadnout koho zbit koho to con sb out (an amount) to attack sb to beat sb up to assault sb assault of (inf) piepadnout koho piepadeni piepadnout a con (inf) podtuk zloddjna darebrik...) vloup6ni pachatel vloup6ni kradenf .5tipnout" co.CRIMES AND CRIMINALS TOWARDS THINGS AND PROPERTY ahijacking hijacker to threaten to demand missing wanted to blackmail a fnos tinosce vyhroZovat to commit a crime/an ofience sp6chat zlodin/piestupek drobnylvSLni. rvadka CHEATING AND OTHER DISHONEST BEHAVIOUR riot/fight rioter TOWARDS PEOPLE vtlrLnk to cheat a podv6ddt podvod. vloup6ni lupid. lyloupit blackmail blackmailer to extort (money) from sb to rape rape robbery robber to rob sb ofsth to burgle rapist attempted rape rape victim n6silnfk pokus o zn6siln6ni obdt' zn6silndni botglnty burglar stolen (cars. oSidit from sb to embezzle v sebeobrand un6st koho zpronevdiit zpronev6ra defraudant pa5ovat paSov6ni in self-defence to kidnap sb/abduct sb embezzlement embezzler kidnapping/abduction kidnapper/abductor hostage fnos fnosce to smuggle smuggling smugglgl rukojmi unest Qetadlq vozidlq lod apod) paier6k paddlatel to hijack forger 124 . valuables . lump. vyddradsM vyddrai vydirat (penize) od koho zn6silnit zn6silndni thief to rob (a bank) zlodtj vyloupit.edn|zbrah nerimysln6 zabiti pytladit pytladeni hrdelni zlodin ukladnd zawaLdit atent6tnik pytl6k Zh6istvi i:hei vytrZnicM. podvodnik .da to nick (inf)/pinch sth (inf) to shoplift murder murderer attempted murder vrah pokus o vraidu shoplifting shoplifter pickpocket to poach poaching poacher arson arsonist zloddj (v obchodd) kapesni zlod6j murderweapon manslaughter felony to assassinate assassin vrai. zloddj okr6st koho o co vloupat se.. vykr6st (banku) l<ridei. nat6hnout koho'. odcizeni hledanli theft rydirat vydir6ni. zlotin n6silnli trestny petty/serious crime violent crime to break into (a shop) iin ransom poZadovat uy'kupn6 vloupat se do (obchodu) pohie5ovany to steal sth from sb ukrfst co komu l<r6dei.. nariitovat vice to mug okr6st na ulici rip-off(inf) crook (inf) to rip sb off to be taken in mugging mugger to defend oneself against/ piepadeni na ulici ndsilnik azlodEj brdnit se komu nechat se nap6lit.. podvodnik o5idit. ukr6st co krdst v obchodech kr6deZ v obchodech to murder zawaLdit vrai..

nepravtr. alcohol .. under the table to bribe naierno (platba) uplatit riplatk6istvi. soudni barrister in the dock in the witness box to hear the case to examine the evidence to hear the witnesses to be under oath to testify trial to take sb to court to appear in court to be on trial for sth/ be tried for sth liieni zaZalovat koho projedn6vat piipad proSetiit drikazy rysly5et svddky byt pod piisahou svddtit. podpl6ceni korupce bribery corruption to accept/take to betray treason a piracy I plagi6torsM plagi6tor nez6konnd r. zfal5ovany. vlpovidat v.) nezrikonnd vindbdny a THE CRIMINAL CAUGHT victim (main/chief) suspect ob6t' to arrest sb/nick sb (inf) to put handcufis on zatknout. CRTME forgery forgery/fake counterfeit/fake/false (money.) to take a lie detector test podstoupit test na detektoru lZi dok6zat dfikaz fingerprints (on sth) to confuse the police disguise to be caught red-handed/ zm6st policii to prove evidence pievlek..1ipov6d dostavit se k soudu b1t v soudnim iizeni lo.) paddl6ni paddlek pad6laqi.yr6bdt a I I pirate to bootleg bribe piijmout riplatek paddlat. defendant/the accused the prosecution obvindni prosecutor the defence to pay bail to release sb on bail court case prokur6tor zaplatit kauci obhajoba obh5jce.. zfalSovat to forge/fake/counterfeit l proddvat prod6vany zradit (vele)zrada bootleg (recordings. goods.. etc.crirrri rozsdhl6 vazbd uniknout ry5etiovat vy5etiov6ni vysllichat nationwide international to search sth to search for sb to issue awarrant to suspect sb of sth to search sb for sth to leave sb's celost6tni mezindrodni prohledat co p6trat po kom vydat zatykai podeziivat koho z deho prohledat koho lcwili demu zanechat sv6 otisky (na tem) interrogation eyewitness ryslech odity svddek vymyslet si (celou historku apod.29. advok6t v lavici obZalovanfch v lavici svddkt propustit koho na kauci soudni piipad st6ni. piestrojeni byt piichycen pii dinu to produce an alibi to help the police poskltnout alibi pomdhat policii in the act with their inquiries pii ryietiovrlni AT COURT to be charged with sth/ be accused ofsth to face an accusation of sth false accusation b..it obvindn z deho delit obvindni z aeho faleSn6 the jury porota obZalovanf obZaloba Zalobce.fili demu courtroom the judge soudni soudce sii testimony 125 .. zadrZet koho nasadit pouta komu (hlavni) podeziel6 osoba sb culprit accused vinik obvin6nf zlodinec to be taken to a police station blt odveden na policejni stanici drZet koho ve ly5etiovaci criminal to launch a search/manhunt extensive to hold/keep sb in custody to escape/get away to investigate investigation to interrogate ryhl6sit p[.) to make up (the whole story.

29. CRTME TYPES OF CRIME: which crime is illustrated in each of these pictures? NOTES 126 .

) to be sentencedtolgetl be given..) bjt odsouzen k.. etc.yn6st rozsudek shledat koho vinnfm/ nevinnlim ze zloiinu life imprisonment death penalty/ capital punishment to get awaywith.. to go free qw6znout s.29. to put sb behind bars (inf) cell to order sb to do poslat koho zamiiLe cela uniknout trestu to release sb/set sb free/free sb propustit koho na svobodu.... osvobodit koho (un)just punishment (ne)spravedlivy trest to appeal against one's community service veiejnd prospdin6 pr6ce naiidit komu rykon6vat conviction odvolat se proti rozsudku to appeal to the highest courts odvolat se k nejryisimu soudu /% 127 . rozhodnout (v di prospdch) r. odsoudit koho k (dvdma letrim odn6ti svobody apod. CRTME perjury to be acquitted/ convicted ofa charge kiiv6 vypovdd byt zproStdn/usvddden i to increase/reduce to order sb to pay to serve a a a sentence zqrsit/sniiit trest naiidit komu zaplatit pokutu odpyk6vat si trest z obvindni to drop the charges against sb stShnout obvindni proti ndkomu to plead guilty/confess piiznat se.. doznat se fine sentence light/stiff sentence heavy sentence suspended sentence mirnli trest piisny trest podmindny trest odn6ti svobody na doZivoti trest smrti to rule (in sb's favour) to give the verdict to find sb guilty/ innocent of a crime to sentence sb to (2 years in prison..

29. NOTES 128 . CRTME THE MURDER INVESTIGATION: tell the story of how Mrs Rose ended up behind bars.

r b... to die in one's sleep to commit suicide to die young/poor to die a zemiit na rakovinu/na to die/pass away cause ofdeath zemiit. driet smutek nosit smutek.€N r3 (\a*o$ Y o\0" q. zemiit hladem/vdkem coroner koroner FUNERAL funeral to go to/attend sb's funeral pohieb... zemiit ve sprinku sp6chat sebewaZdu piitina smrti vykrvScet to bleed to death to freeze to death to burn to death umrznout uhoiet utonout zemiit mlady/chudy zemiit jako hrdina/ hero/a martyr to drown to die anatural/violent to die in an muiednik to die for sth to do a death zemiitpiirozenou/n6silnou smrti zemiit pii nehodd .. zemiitza co prov6st ohled6ni mrtvoly na kom post-mortem/ accident autopsy on sb to die of starvation/old age . pozfrstali (na pohibu) pozristali bolestn6 ztr6ta. 129 . smutedni obiad graveyard/cemetery the mourners the bereaved bereavement hibitov truchlici. zesnout zran|ni... umrti jit komu na pohieb obituary undertaker rimrtni ozn6meni.. parte zam6stnanec pohiebniho fstavu burial cremation pohibeni kremace to express sympathy condolence to mourn/grieve for sb to mourn sb's death to be in mourning projevit soustrast kondolence buried burned/cremated pohiben do zemd zpopelndn rakev truchlit pro koho oplakdvat nddi smrt coffin mit. smutedni Saty urn hearse grave urna pohiebni vtz hrob n6hrobni k6men smutetni prrivod smutedni proslov poloZit vdnec to wear mourning (dress) to seeVfind solace to be a solace to sb hledat/najit utdchu byt utdchou komu gravestone/tombstone funeral procession funeral oration to lay a to make a last will udinit zdvEt' to bequeath/leave sth to sb to bequeath sb a fortune odk6zat co komu odk6zat komu jmdni wreath v-v :tlN IJ Wra \4 rt b'*.DEATH to be close to death byt na pokraji smrti to die from cancer/injuries..

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