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Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord. — Col. iii. 23. I WA T you to note how our text is introduced ; it has a very suggestive and illuminative context. ' Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh,' that is verse twenty-two ; and then, * Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord,' that is verse twenty-three. ow the servants of whom Paul speaks in verse twenty two are not domestic servants in our sense. They were slaves, bought for a little money ; the property and the chattels of their master. Yet even to slaves, who got no wages and who had no rights, clear and imperious comes the command of God, ' Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily.' ow I think that is very suggestive for today. I can hardly talk to a master-painter or a master-baker, but I hear complaints about the degeneracy of labour. Men are not faithful, they have to be watched like children ; the loyal
TO THE HALF-HEARTED 231 service of an older day is dead. So say the masters ; and on the other hand the men say that had they a more direct interest in their work, and a more immediate concern in its prosperity, they would throw themselves into it with doubled zeal. ow all that may be true. But the point is that if the Bible holds, and if this text be really the word of God, nothing on earth, not even the
worst relationships of capital and labour, can ever excuse half-hearted work. Your hours are long ? — so were those of the Colossian slaves. Your pay is poor? — the Colossian slave had none. Your mistress is tyrannical and mean ? — but the Colossian mistress lashed her servants. Yet whatsoever ye do, ye slaves, cries Paul, do it all heartily as to the Lord. I want you to note, too, that this text was never better illustrated than in the life of the man who was inspired to pen it. There was an enthusiasm and a concentration about Paul, which have won the admiration of all time. * One thing I do, forgetting the things that are behind, I press towards the mark,' says the apostle ; and whatsoever he did, he did it heartily, as unto the Lord who loved him so. It is so easy to
232 TO THE HALF-HEARTED preach and never intend to practise. It is so hard to practise first, and then to preach. It gives a wonderful power to our text, and charges its mandate with redoubled urgency, when we remember who the writer was. Men have brought many charges against Paul, but I do not think his bitterest enemy has ever charged him with half-heartedness. There is a glow and fervour in the man that marks in an instant the divine enthusiast. Others might waver, Paul battled to his goal. Others might yield, Paul was invincible. And had you seen him working at his tentmaking, in the late night when the city was asleep, you would have found him plying the tentmaker's needle, and singing, I doubt not, as in the prison at Philippi, with the very heartiness and zeal that filled his preaching of Christ crucified.
It is, then, of this whole-heartedness, of this fine concentration or enthusiasm, that I want to speak a little to-night. And I should like to say, by way of caution, that true enthusiasm is not a noisy thing. Whenever we think of an enthusiastic crowd, we think of uproar, tumult, wild excitement. And I grant you that in the life of congregated thousands, touched into unity by
TO THE HALF-HEARTED 233 some great emotion, there seems to be some call for loud expression. But just as there is a sorrow that lies too deep for tears, there is an enthusiasm far too deep for words ; and the intense purpose of the whole-hearted man is never noisy. When the children of Israel, defeated by the Philistines, sent for the ark of God into the camp, do you remember how, when the ark appeared, they shouted till the earth rang and rent ? Yet spite of that effervescence of emotion they were defeated, and the ark of God was captured. But Jesus, in the enthusiasm of His kingly heart, set His face steadfastly to go to Jerusalem ; and yet He would not strive nor cry nor lift up His voice in the streets. The noisiest are generally shallow. There is a certain silence, as of an under-purpose, wherever a man is working heartily. * Prune thou thy words, thy thoughts control That o'er thee swell and throng ; They shall condense within thy soul And change to purpose strong.* Whole-heartedness, then, is never a noisy virtue; and I have thought it right to dwell on that,
that we may be on our guard against its counter-
9.34 TO THE HALF-HEARTED feits. But if it be not noisy, this at least is true of it : it is one condition of the best success. The chairman of the Congregational Union of Scotland, in an address he delivered some time ago at Glasgow, told us that a friend had met him lately, and said to him, * I suppose you have heard that Mr. So-and-so has failed ? ' The chairman had not heard it. * Well he has,' said his friend, ' and little wonder, for he starved his business. He did not even put himself into it/ He did not put himself into the work ; he did not do it heartily as to the Lord. And could we trace the history of failure — that long, sad story of the world — I think we should find that for one who went to the wall through want of intellect, there were a score who reached that pass through want of heart. To concentrate, as all the apostles did ; to have the resolute enthusiasm of Jesus, that spirit has something congenial to success in it ; and I use success in its best and noblest senses, some of which the world might call defeat. But the virtue of whole-heartedness is more than that. It is one of the conditions of the truest happiness. There comes a certain joy as of the
TO THE HALF-HEARTED 235 morning, a certain zest and buoyancy of spirit, when whatsoever we do is lone heartily, as to the Lord. When we are ha f-hearted, the hours
have leaden feet. We becon e fretful, easily provoked ; the very grasshopper becomes a burden. But when, subduing feeling, we turn with our whole energy of soul to grapple with our duty or with our cross, it is wonderful how under the long shadows we hear unexpectedly a sound of music. To be half-hearted is to be half-happy. It is to live in a lack-lustre kind of way. And so it is to live in an un-Christlike way, it is to know little of the joy of Jesus. Do you not think the joy of Jesus Christ was linked, far down, with His whole-hearted service ? He never could have spoken of His joy but for His unswerving fidelity to God. And when at last upon the cross there rang out the loud, glad cry, * It is finished,' there was joy in it because the stupendous work of saving men had been carried through to its triumph and its crown. And there can be little question that the more heartily we do our humble duty, the more v;c feel we are doing it for God. It is one of the secrets for bringing heaven near us, for feeling
236 TO THE HALF-HEARTED the Infinite with us and within us, to be wholehearted in the present task. Thinkers have often noted this strange fact: that great enthusiasms tend to become religious. Let a man be mastered by any great idea, and sooner or later he will find the shadow of God on it. But that is true not of great enthusiasms alone ; it holds of wholeheartedness in every sphere. When Luther said, * Laborare est orare ' — to labour is to pray — you may be sure that that great soul did not mean that work could ever take the place of prayer. He knew too well the value of devotion, and the
blessed uplifting of the quiet hour with God, ever to think that toil could take its place. But just as in earnest prayer the heavens are opened to us, and we are led into the presence and glory of the King, so in our earnest and whole-hearted toil, clouds scatter, the mists of feelings and passions are dispelled, and we are led into a peace and strength and sweet detachment without which no man shall see the Lord. It is in that sense that to labour is to pray. To be whole-hearted is to be facing heavenward. And the great loss of all half-hearted men and women is this, that above the dust, and the stress and strain of life, above
TO THE HALF-HEARTED 237 the fret and weariness of things, they catch no glimpse of the eternal purpose, nor of the love, nor of the joy of God. Indeed, if that old saying * like to like ' be true, the men who are half-hearted must be blind. For if there is one demonstrable fact, I think it is this : we are the creatures of a whole-hearted God. When I remember the thoroughness of the Creator's workmanship ; when I think of the consummate genius and care that He has lavished on the tiniest weed ; when I recall the age-long discipline that was preparing the world for Jesus Christ ; I feel that the heart of God is in His work. And I feel, too, that if my heart is not in mine, I must be out of touch with the Creator. The gods of savages are generally lazy, because the savages themselves are lazy, and they have spiritual sense enough to know that there cannot be communion without kinship. But our God is the infinite Creator ; the master-builder, the thorough and perfect workman. And I know
not how a half-hearted servant can have any kinship with a whole-hearted Lord. O brother, whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, that you may come into line with the eternal. It is the pity of
238 TO THE HALF-HEARTED all half-hearted men that they are out of harmony with God. One other word on our text and I have done. I want you to note how the writer lays his hand on the real secret of all the large enthusiasms. He centres his appeal upon a person. Had Paul been writing in some quiet academy, the text, I dare say, might have read like this, * Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, for that is the road to nobility of character ' ; or * Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, for the best work is always done that way.' But Paul did not write in any quiet academy. Paul wrote for the masses. Paul wrote for the great world. And he knew that nothing abstract, nothing cold, would ever inspire the enthusiasm of thousands. A cause must be concentrated in some powerful name, it must live in the flesh and blood of personality, if the hearts of the many are ever to be stirred, and the lives of the many are ever to be won. So Paul, with the true instinct of universal genius, gathered all abstract arguments for zeal into the living argument of Jesus. And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as what ? as to the Lord. And so by the roundabout road of this address,
TO THE HALF-HEARTED 239
you see I have brought you back to the feet of Christ, and wherever on these summer evenings we may start from, I trust always to leave you there. I believe that the secret of all noble living lies in the company of Jesus Christ. And for making us earnest, thorough, quietly resolute, no matter what fickleness or cowardice we start with, there is really nothing like fellowship with Him. Do you want to be truer ? Get a little closer. Are you ashamed of your half-heartedness ? Get nearer. Then back to your work again, alone yet not alone : for the time flies, and eternity is near, and you shall pass this way but once.
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