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Bulletin of the Khmer Non-Communist Resistance 1990 Part II

Bulletin of the Khmer Non-Communist Resistance 1990 Part II

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14

2. The Political Front
TIlE BACKGROUND

It is on the political "battlefield" that the Vietnamese have suffered most reverses in Cambodia since they invaded it just over a decade ago.
To those who have never met a Khmer, they are a people of fierce pride in their heritage, which includes the incredible civilisation that built Angkor Wat. This fabulous temple still holds the record as the largest religious building ever constructed- and It-was built 800 years ago. The Khmers think of themselves as a race, rather than as a nation. There are substantial colonies of Khmers living in Thailand and Vietnam- as well as Khmer communities in the USA, France, Britain, Australia and other parts of the world. As a country, Cambodia, which once dominated Southeast Asia, both militarily and culturally, gradually shrank away to practically nothing as the Vietnamese and Thais alternately bit into its territory. The French restored its boundaries, but their over-exploitation of their Indochina colonies ultimately caused them to abandon them. When America and Vietnam dragged Cambodia into their conflict, Cambodia was still a peace-loving and somewhat indolent backwater, so fertile that its people never needed to worry about where their next meal was coming from. From the Vietnam conflict sprang the Khmer Rouge, fierce Communists, who had learned their alien ideology in the anarchicc1imateof Paris in the Fifties and Sixties. They came to power on .an hysterical wave of nationalistic fervour, soon to be drowned in the ghastly excesses of their disastrous experiment in pure Marxism. When the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia in 1978, they found a situation nevertheless not far removed from that in their own country - a totalitarian regime that had suppressed all forms of political opposition, private property ownership and human rights, and kept any potential dissenters safelylocked away in prisons or re-education camps (if they had not already been executed). To the Vietnamese, therefore, it seemed a simple matter to complete the

task the Khmer Rouge had begun. They would continue with a totalitarian MarxistLeninist Regime. They would rewrite Cambodia's history so that Khmer children would grow up to believe that Vietnam had always been Cambodia's friend and supporter. They would ban the teaching of all foreign languages (except Vietnamese and Russian). They would prevent the resurgence of Buddhism or any other religion. And they would ensure that the few remnants of Khmer culture were buried forever under a tide of Communist-style "Peasants Happy Toiling for their Motherland" propaganda. But the Vietnamese had reckoned without Khmer pride and tenacity. After the Khmer Rouge, Communism was quite the wrong ideology to force down the Khmer throat. Even some of the former Khmer Rouge defectors' that the Vietnamese installed as a puppet regime had had enough of Communism. Nevertheless they were comparatively well off under their new Vietnamese masters (who chose to forget both that they had once supported the Khmer Rouge, and that the puppets they installed in Phnom Penh had been active in that awful organisation). So Cambodia carried on much as Pol Pot had envisioned it, except th_atnow the Vietnamese were dictating every move. THE CURRENT SITUATION

It should be made quite clear that there is a not a single Cambodian anywhere in the world, including those in the Khmer Rouge camps, who wants a return to Pol Pot's style of government. Had the Vietnameseand Heng Samrin regime not kept this fear so vividly alive in order to maintain the pretext that they were defending the Khmer people against the return of Pol Pot, it would surely no longer be considered even remotely pos. sible by any logically-thinking person. When the Khmer Rouge attained power in 1975, it was with massive popular support. Few people, inside or outside Cambodia, had any idea that they planned the world's most comprehensive experiment in Marxist government. (The emptying of the cities, for instance, was a literal interpretation of the instructions in Marx's Manifesto which demanded: "equal liabil-

ity for all to labour; establishment of industrial armies, especially inagriculture" and "abolition of the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the population"). Although the Khmer Rouge claim no longer to support Pol Pot's ultra-Marxist theories, they maintain a reputation for harsh discipline and lack of respect for accepted human rights. They will have to abandon their paranoiac secrecy if the world is to accept that they have changed .. Among Cambodians the Khmer Rouge have lost every iota of the popular support that originally allowed them to take power. In a genuine free election they would get nowhere. Nonetheless, they continue to exist as a military force. The Vietnamese tried for 10 years to destroy them, and failed. Who now is prepared to take on the task? Cambodians believe that, given haifa chance, most Khmer Rouge supporters would abandon their leaders, and resume their traditional Khmer way of life. But if they are not given that choice, they will remain a threat to a free Cambodia's security and a drain on its resources for years to come. Everything that the NCR is attempting to do is designed to bring about the necessary opportunity for all Khmers to choose their own destiny and their own way of life. Everything the Heng Samrin regime (backed by the Vietnamese) is trying to do is designed to block this possibility, so that they can cling on to power indefinitely. Meanwhile the story of how the NCR has fought the political battle inside Cambodia remains to be told. It is still going on, and it is one of the outstanding successes of both the NCR, and Its most loyal, intelligent and perceptive supporters. Above all it has prepared the Cambodian people for the responsibility of deciding their own destiny through free elections.

VERDICf: Vietnamese attempts to impose an alien; Communist way of life on the Khmer people and destroy their ancient culture, have failed utterly. The Khmer people want nothing more to do with Communism. The NCR, although sometimes worried by the scaremongers who somewhat ludicrously predict the return of Pol Pot, have clearly won the political front already.

15

'''f''

3. The Economic
1HE BACKGROUND The shocking decline in living standards in Vietnam, Laos and cambo-

Front
Cambodians suspected of having contact with the NCR. While Russia was the major paymaster for Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia, the Vietnamese gained some economic advantage out of the situation by stripping Cambodia of many of its assets. Rice was enforceably bought from Cambodian farmers and sold on to the Vietnamese at knockdown prices. One favourite Vietnamese trick was to substitute high quality rice delivered by misguided international relief organisations for inferior rice produced by themselves, and pocket the difference. Vietnamese fishermen plundered Cambodia's inland sea, TonIe Sap, of its rich harvest of fish, which was sent by the boatload down the Mekong to South Vietnam. Perhaps most serious of all, the Vietnamese robbed Cambodia's temples of thelrunique statuary and sold the coveted items on the international collectors' black market. As for the Vietnamese army, their leaders hardly bothered to feed them at all. They were expected to forage for their food, stealing what they required from Cambodia's subservient farmers. But the marginal trading profit made by the Vietnamese out of Cambodia inno way made up for the damage done to their people's standard of living'by 'their isolation from the free-world economy. mE CURRENT SITUATION In Vietnam the argument for free enterprise against state control is currently still raging. The Communisthardliners continue to vote against the Iiberalisation of Vietnam's economy eagerly sought by younger and more realistic members of Vietnam's Politburo. Additionally, the United States has decided to continue to refuse to re-establish formal diplomatic and economic relations with Hanoi until Vietnam agrees to a comprehensive political settlement in Cambodia. Assistant Secretary of State, David Lambertson told the Senate Sub-Committee (mentioned above) : "In the light of recent developments, including Vietnamese intransigence in Paris, the current stalemate regarding a comprehensive settlement in Cambodia, and apparent movement backwards towards a military option, normalisation of US relations with Vietnam would be premature". He added: "In the current situation, we plan to steadfastly maintain our support for the diplomatic and economic isolation of Vietnam as a reminder to the Vietnamese that attempts to manipulate international opinion will not provide a real basis for improved relations with other countries". In Cambodia itself, the economy of that benighted country has not been improved by the massive corruption practiced by the regime's officials up to the highest level (For more details see the interview with Heng Samrin defector Chhin Sun Ail published in this issue of NCR Bulletin). . The cutting of many of the smuggling routes into Thailand; the re-imposed curfew in all major cities and other symptoms of the current unrest will do nothing to improve the lot of the average Cambodian. Additionally, this year's rice harvest looks to be in trou ble. At an earlier stage, only 40% of projected planting had been completed. Nearly every year since the invasion, Cambodia has appealed. for internationa Iaid to prevent starvation, but generally this hasturnedout to be a false alarm, or perhaps a ploy in favour of trade with Vietnam. This year the situation could be more serious, especially since many Cambodians will again be displaced by the fighting inside their country. .

dia. particularly when compared to thestartling advance in prosperity of their neighbours, has been a major factor in curbing Vietnam's adventurism in cambodia.
In common with Communist peoples world-wide, some Vietnamese are beginning to question whether socialism has the beneficial effect on a nation's economy that Marx predicted more than a century ago. It does not equalise incomes, except insofar as the majority get poorer. Nevertheless the leaders of Vietnam and its puppet regime in Cambodia do not yet appear to have grasped this message. One reason for this may be the relative prosperity of those at the summit of a totalitarian government. Power corrupts, says the aphorism, and those who seize power by force of arms or cling on to it through single party systems, are plainly more likely to be corrupted than those who can periodically be replaced by the democratic vote of the ordinary people, By invading Cambodia againstthe will of the people and maintaining that invasion in the face of an unprecedented series of condemnatory resolutions by the United Nations General Assembly, the Vietnamese forfeited the benefits of most other "Third World" or "developing" countries. For the ten years that Vietnam occupied Cambodia, the brunt of the cost was born by the USSR While Russia has never revealed the true cost of its support for Vietnam's occupation of Cambodia, it has been estimated that Russia subsidised Vietnam to the tune of $2 million to $3 million a day - that is more in one week than the NCR received from the freeworld in a whole year. Giving testimony before the US Senate Foreign Relations Sub-Committee on East Asia and Pacific Affairs, DeputyAssistant Secretary of State David Lainbertson recently revealed that the Soviet Union provided the Heng Samrin regime with military and other assistance totalling $1,1000 million between 1984 and
1988.

It need hardly be mentioned that such a sum would have been enough to set Cambodia's economy on a soaring upward path, had it been used for economic development, rather than for such unnecessary luxuries as knocking down Khmer refugee camps and imprisoning

VERDICf: The Vietnamese are clearly currently losers on the economic "battlefield". In destroying their own economy in the cause of subjugating Cambodia they have inflicted needless suffering botb on their own people and on those of their neighbours, Cambodia and Laos. The question of who will be the ultimate "winner" now may depend on the free-world's perception of Vietnam's long-term intentions towards its neighbours.

l

16

17

'i- ~11

I

4. The Diplomatic
Front
BACKGROUND

.... -..

NCR:BULLETIN

" REVIEW OF THE EIGHTIES

Vietnam's arrogance following the United States's withdrawal from Vietnam resulted in their paying little 'attention to free-world condemnation of their invasion of Cambodia. Even at , this time, it has been the economic decline of their country that has been the main cause of the Vietnamese curtailing their activities in Cambodia, rather than any other' form of international pressure. For some years after their invasion, the Vietnamese simply avoided talking

about the question at all. They walked tance camps in 1985 - the Vietnamese out of the United Nations whenever it decided to focus their future efforts on the diplomatic "battlefield". was debated, and categorically refused Hanoi's fundamental aim was to obtain either to meet anybody from the NCR side or to discuss Cambodia's problems world-wide diplomatic recognition for their surrogate regime in Cambodia. At with the latter's free-world allies: On one famous occasion Nguyen Co the same time, they decided to make a Thach, who had been expected to make an serious effort to attract Prince.Norodom authoritative statement in Bangkok, Sihanouk out of exile and back to Phnom caught a diplomatic "sore throat", which Penh. The Western mind may find it hard to allegedly precluded him from speaking to understand the devoted loyalty that some journalists at all. ASEAN countries, supported by their Far Eastern countries accord to their Royalty; the Vietnamese, despite their free-world allies - particularly the USAhave resolutely refused to accord formal Marxist 'beliefs, did not let the potential recognition to the Heng Samrin regime. escape them. But in a clever diplomatic move, vital to TIIE CURRENT'SITUATION gain UN aid for the non-Communist resistance, the ASEAN countries have manBut the Vietnamese failed to beguile aged to retain control of the Cambodian the Prince. Perhaps aware that he was seat at the United Nations. They once before gulled by a Communist achieved this by forming the two NCR factions into a tripartite coalition with the Regime (the Khmer Rouge) into apparently supporting their policies, the Prince then-occupants of the seat, the Khmer , has remained adamant that - no matter Rouge. The uneasy partnership thus formed what personal agony it costs him - he will and named the Coalition Government of not again set foot in his beloved Phnom Democratic Cambodia (CGDK) was to be Penh until his people have the inalienable right to elect their own leaders by the main thorn in the flesh of the irritated Vietnamese over the years to come. means of an internationally-verifiable Everyyear at the UN General Assembly, electoral system. Encouraged by Prince Sihanouk's ASEAN countries and their free-world stand, Cambodia's true friends have again allies have forced through a resolution rallied tv his side, as was proved by the condemning Vietnam for its Cambodian policy. And every year the vote has grown overwhelming support in the 1989 United Nations General Assembly for the 'vote in favour of the CGDK (see overleaf), condemning Vietnam's Cambodian poliBut participation by the Khmer Rouge meant that the CGDK was perhaps also a cies, But meanwhile the Vietnamese have potential time-bomb, set to explode at been noting with increasing smugness the some not-tao-distant date. As NCR Bulletin has frequently apparentsuccess of the other part of their stressed, the Vietnamese have a dubious carefully-conceived campaign - to obtain international reputation for integrity in international recognition for their puppet regime in Cambodia .: negotiations. As former Vietnamese In that context, the recent "new policy" diplomat Ton That Thien put it in our first announced by the, British government edition: "for the Vietnamese leaders, negotiation is not a method of settling con- (see next page) caused an almost tangible flictsbygiveand take, but an instrument of shock-wave to pass through the NCR. The fact that Britain's, Prime MInister warfare". How diplomats see the progress of (who is regarded in the Far East with extreme respect as the ultimate guardian of Vietnamese participation in negotiations over Cambodia and the correlated actions freedom against totalitarian regimes), should have her Foreign Minister give the of their puppet regime in Cambodia, depends upon the extent to which they impression (at least that was how the Vietnamese propagandists interpreted it) that accept Ton That Tien's theory. Nevertheless most now agree that - the British Government was preparing to with military stalemate followingthe Viet- recognise the Heng Samrin regime gave narnese all-out assault on the Khmer resis- an opportunity for Hanoi to undermine

l_8
'''fl'I'

NCR BULLETIN

REVIEW OF

THE EIGHTIES .
everything the resistance has set out to achieve and upset pro-British Khmers. The irony is that the regime the Vietnamese foisted on the Cambodian people included the very same people who had been part of Pol Pot's unholy regime only a few months earlier. This irony has surely not escaped Vietnam's cunning Marxist hard-liners, who have hardly been able to contain their glee at seeing the Khmer Rouge's loose alliance with the NCR used bythe British government, as justification for a decision to remove partisan support from the Khmer non-Communist resistance. The West may wax emotional about .the Khmer Rouge, but hard-headed Far Eastern politicians and merchants who have seen brutal regimes come and go (in Europe as :-veilas in Asia) are more concerned about tomorrow ·than yesterday. "Lifeis short", they say, "and surely wasted if it cannot be enjoyed". ) Westem-onentated minds are sometimes bemused bywhat they regard as the cynicismof the East. They do not understand that people who smile all day, may also respect toughness; nor that people who believe a display of temper is the extreme of discourtesy may simultaneously and with outward calm order the total destruction of a business rival. Perhaps above all, Westerners find it hard to believe that the Khmer people,

VERDICf: The Vietnamese have made some definite gains on thediplomatic front, particularly in their astutely-conducted campaign to obtain recognition for the Heng8amrin regime, their focus on "trade not warwith their ASEAN neighbours, and their subversion of some WeStern governments by the clever manipulation of left wing journalists, Any further g~ins may lead the Vietnamese to believe that they can now complaeently await the time when they can resume their centuries-old campaign permanently to subjugate their nearest neighbours. However, the recent overwhelming UN vote against the V,ietnamese has again mused them a major loss Of face world-wide.The main hope for real victory in cambodia (that is for free elections under international supervision) is that the free-world will throw its whole force behind the Cambodian non-Communist resistance on all four fronts military, political. economic and diplomatic. Quickly.#

Yearr
197:9 1,980 1,981 1982 1983

For

Against Abstain Absent

9:1
97

21 23

100
1'05

25
23

l05
110 114115 117

2322 21 21
-e

1-984 1986

t985
1987

29 22 19 20 11 18 16 13

9 12 12 9_ 19 8 8 10

21
19 17

~6
~3 12

5
5 6

1988 1989

122
124

''*'"''

19

22

_ ...... ---------------------=-=--=-~~~~--~--23
.... ' '0
-

KHMER DEFECTOR: IIVIETNAMESE CONTROL ALL!U
The Vietnamese continue to control Camlxxlia military, diplomatically and politically. That is the opinion of Chhin Sun An, who defected from the Cambodian embassy in Prague a few weeks ago, revealed in an exclusive interview with VOK, the non-Communist resistance's radio station.
According to Sun An the Vietnamesewithdrawal of combat troops from cambodia was a ploy, planned many months in advance, to try to obtain recognition for their puppet government in Phnom Penh. "The Heng Samrin regime has no independence at ali," he said. "They use the Khmer Rouge only as a pretext to justify carrying out their long-term plan to rule Cambodia. "The announcement of the troop withdrawal was planned well in advance by Hanoi. We diplomats had known about it for a long time. "Theycould havewithdrawn much

SECRETS OF HUN SEN'S TREACHEROUS DIPLOMACY REVEALED
earlier, but they needed a long time to make their preparations". Sun An said these "preparations" included mixing its own troops with Heng Samrin soldiers, teaching Khmer to their soldiers, and arranging for Khmer-speaking VietI namese to leave the army and hide among the civilian population. Heng Samrin regime through three clandestine organisations called B68, ASO and B40. B68 represents the highest level of Vietnamese high command, and controls the other two organisations. B40 is an organisation of Vietnamese experts on all aspects of government; ASO is comprised of military experts

More than a million Vietnamese in Cambodia
He estimates that tbere are 1)ID,(llJ Vtclmuee in Ounbodia, indudiogop to l00,(XX) whO are v.uIking directly in the in~1S of the Hanoi goo.umnent In cambodia, the Vietnamese top man is Le Due Tho. He controls the

Current Policy is Dictated by the Russians
About current Vietnamese/Heng Samrin poticy. Sun An bad 11m to say: :The so-called reconciliation policy of the Heng Samrin regime does not result from Hanoi's goodwill, but is the result of Soviet pressure.

24

''i-,.

t.

SECRETS OF THE PUPPET REGIME IN CAMBODIA REVEALEE>BY A DEFECTOR
The USSR had lost much face internationally because of its presence in Afghanistan and its support of the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia. "First the policies of Breshnev, then those of Chernenko and Andropov led to isolation of the USSR from the international community. "Under Gorbachev, the Soviet leaders now understand that this isolationist policy is not in the interests of the Soviet Union and can only aggravate tensions between the USSR and China.

Russians wanted negotiations with the Khmer Rouge
"Chmademanded three conditions for normal relations with the USSR: The USSR must withdraw irs troops from Afghanistan; reduce its troops on the border with China; and cut its aid for Vietnam in Cambodia. "The Vietnamese were very concerned when Russia changed its policy

in Afghanistan. "At that time the Russians tried to persuade the Vietnamese to talk with the Khmer Rouge as part of their plan to minimise tension with China and to isolate the USA "At first, Hanoi and Phnom Pemh made no response to the USSR. Later they repeated their argument that the Vietnamese presence in Cambodia was to eliminate the Khmer Rouge. "If 'they agreed to talk with the Khmer Rouge it would mean that the Vietnamese pretext for invading Cambodia was patently false. "Nevertheless the USSR continued

to press Hanoi and Phnom Penh to accept their policy of na tional reconciliation."

Vietnam is actively trying to prevent a Cambodian settlement
Sun An said that VlCtnam's refusal to allow the formation of a quadripartite government of national reconciliation is simply an effort by Hanoi to prevent anypossibility ofa reasonable solution to the Cambodia. "It is sheer propaganda. Hun Sen uses the Khmer Rouge as an obstacle. The decision not to allow the Khmer Rouge to take part in. a quadripartite government is a tactic of Hanoi and Phnom Penh to obstruct a solution. "I would say that the deadlock is for ever, in Paris or anywhere, because it is a Vietnam manoeuvre to block negotiations. "Vietnam has no intention to solve the problem politically, so how can there be a political solution? "The Phnom Penh leaders go along with the Vietnamese, because they want to maintain their comfortable

life.
-To the Vzetnamese and Hun Sen talks are only for show·.

25

';.'

"Virtually every official in the Heng Samrin regime is involved in taking bribes,f .....Communist defector.
<

CORRUPTION IS A "HUGE PROBLEM'
Corruption has become the only way of life in Phnom

Penh, according to Communist defector, Chhin Sunan.
Chhin Sunan says corruption spreads (rom the highest echelon to the lowest officials in all public offices. Bribes and kickbacks are seen as the only means to subsidise officials' meagre salaries and to secure their futureprosperitybybuying into higher positions.
Bribes are U;SUaUy ade in the form of m gold. They are given to offici a Is to secure good career positions; to merchants who import goods from Singapore, Thailaod, Hong Kong, and Vietnam; to customs officials for lower duties on imported goods; to contractors to secure contracts for public projects; and to building inspectors tooverloot the use of below -standard materials in their construction. The military alsohas its means formaking money. Because of their immunity, military convoys are the usual means for smuggling consumer goods to and from the Thai and Vietnamese borders. Military supplies earmarked for troops commonly find their way into local markets. Troop strengths are inflated so that the commanders can skim off the margin. Forced COnscription into the army is another lucrative business for the military. Conscripts who can afford to bribe their captors in gold can buy their release. Sometimes, smugglers who have been arrested or bad goods impounded call upon Hun Sen's entourage to secure their personal release or get their goods out of customs warehouses. Those in Hun Sen's entourage involved in these dealings are Hun Sen's older brother, Hun Ean; tm father, Ta Kheng; his mother, YeayPok; and his wife Neang Phi. Thebribeamounts are proportional to the value of the goods impounded or the seriousness of the crime involved. Hun Sen is aware of his family's dealings and condones them. Sunan learned of Hun Sen's family involvement from a neighbour who was arrested for smuggling, but was freed after intervention from Hun Sen's family. Hun Sen personally owns "hundreds of kilograms" of gold and gems, says Sun An. Some he kept from his Khmer Rouge days, but IlIDIt has been given to him by senior officials in return for favours.
<

26

Military

USSR IS NOW THE BIGGEST SUPPLIER OF ARMS TO THE NCR.
Believe it or not, folks! Since Vietnam's alleged withdrawal of their combat troops from Cambodia, Russia has become the biggest supplier of arms to the noa-Communlsrresislance. In the past three months the NCR have acquired thousands of rifles and machine guns, as well as several T-S4 tanks and a comprehensive range of heavy artillery from 122mm howitzers downward. NCR military analaysts estimate that the NCR armed forces have enough new weapons and ammunition to equip 2,000 extra ground troops. and form a tank squadron and several artillery detachments. Of course it is not precisely the destination that Moscow planned for the weapons when they shipped them to cambodia. But since free-world countries are still reluctant to supply weapons to help the NCR face the Communists, our troops have taken matters into their own hands - and gone out to get them. Indeed one NCR commander was

NCRBulletin
INTELLIGENCE

heard saying hopefully the other day that he could not wait to get his hands on one of the new T-SS (modified T54) tanks that NCR intelligence source> understand have recently arrived at Kompong Sam.

RUSSIAN MISSILES
Our picture (below) shows NCR leader Prince Norodom Ranariddh displaying a SAM-7 ground-to-air missile, kindly supplied by the USSR through the channel of some defecting Heng Samrin troops. As the NCR has not yet got an airforce, observers are a mite puzzled as towhat purpose the newly peace-loving Russians have in mind for this weapon. On the other hand, the puppet regime has quite a substantial air force, including 20 MIG-21 fighters, also generously donated by the USSR. NCR Bulletin speculate> that there may be some red faces in Moscow (pun unintended) if a Russian-supplied MIG-21 is brought ignominiously to earth by a Russian-supplied SAM-7 missile.

II

II

27

","

,

l

was a stagg~ring example oftfie deptb oHoF~ight of the ;Vietnamese planners. INTELLIGENCE This plan failed because ultlmately,theKhmet: Rouge killed m.o~t ....__ 1!!!111__ .... ~ .. tlie Vietnamese-traIned KI.mer ". "advisers-1 along with everybm:lyelse: with any, education, @nly a few tary disciplin~ behind them. it is managed to back into Vietnam. 'llotsurpriSing.that ffieNOR troops Sbmeofthese werere-imported with are 'findingthe orphans are tquW!1 the Vrietnameseinv.aders in 1979, and .pncotnpromistng opponents, are now serving the pUPRetregime. An orphans' regiment was re- ' Now it seems,theVietnamese are sponslble for nouting up NCR using, a variatio.n o~ the same trie,k. forces (or weeks at SvAY Cliek, With devilish foresight, soon after fhuspreventing an all-out attack lhein invasion ten years agQ, the~ on Sis.oplion, whIch ron:trols the took thousands of Khm~J1orphans. trade route into Thailand. Mc,)Ie off~oVietnam to indoctrinate them orphans were reported statiorteti with Vietnamese/Communisr propa- at Sisqpllon !tse]£ , ganda. , ' One thousand orRhans speNow these young Khmers, their cfally trafned tn perimeter deminds wanped into an acceptance of fence have also been flown to th-e V:ietnam.ese as' the "masters of satta'mbang ai,mort directlY from , Indochina-, have Hanel; acbeen sent 'ba~k cording to, to Q{mbo(Jia to intelUg6nce fight against t1\e rep ons. resistance. fIlii's C31(sciI Unlike tile some.confuunfortunate' slon to loeal conscripts wate" e,rs. of the Fl'eng because the SamrI~ .r~gime .orphans ap(who have a peaf.C;d to be pretl)! good i(Jea wearing L\li~ of what is going eI,namese on, thanks to Q'nUorms V.O~ and the when tfley NCRJs infolimaarrived). 1lhe most tion netwOliK) the Vietnamese-tralned orphans have tragic a~t oUhis Vie~namese, no id~ even of the existence of the plan is ttiatthe'tesistan~ isbeing non-Communist resistance; They. forced to fight in' places :Where have lieen tnd.octlinated,for ro years it expected l'ittlebl0'>-fsh.~ bewifh thebeUef that thelr "saered duW" cause of pre-ar.ranged mass deW3$ to go back to fight the bated Khmer f~tiQns, Moreoven the NCR is Rouge - the murderers 0],theili fami- being fOrcedto figl'lt ~~imt people lies. of Khmer. blood - even though In general, the NCR has 'recently they may now think more like ¥ihadtan easier time gainipg territozy etnamese than Kmners; insi<Je'cambodia than the Kfimer 1be current aup of.orphans Rouge. 11lis is because the Heng: tie aged' between!l!7 8Ild 2S Samrinoonseripts are quite happy to yeatS. ' The most fri_ghtening38- , defect to the NCR, but extremely un- peer of Oils piece of v.ietnamese willing to give themselves qp to the wiclooness is that no.fK>dyJmows Khmer Rouge. bow: nuU)y more young KfmrerS Bu,t t.he orphans (some orwhom, are currently being brainwashed , in€itlentally. are girls) believe that, in Vietnam (oJ: use in Cambodia the resistance consists exclusively of in the future, It SuppOEtersof the hl,lf'ed:eol Pot. With lOyeaESof Vietnamese mitt-

NCRBulletin

Political

DUBIOUS

ACCURACY OF

BRITISH TV JOURNALIST
Britain's Foreign Office, wba;e recent policy statement caused ripples of alarm when Vletnam carolled to the world that the UK now "recognised" the Heng Samrin regime, was allegedly influenced by a television programme called "cambodia Year-lO", featuring a fanner Daily Mirror reporter, Jon Pilger. A self-confessed left-winger, Mr. Pilger is prone to claim, perhaps rather extravagantly, that he alone was responsible for bringing the misdeeds of Pol Pot to the world's attention 10 years ago. Mr. Pilger is well-known but not very well-liked by our neighbours in Thailand, who particularly object to a cheap and sensational story he wrote a few years ago. In this he claimed to have purchased for a large sum of dollars an under-age "girlslave" from northeast Thailand, SUbsequent investigations showed that the young lady in question was not only somewhat more mature than he had made our.but that she had been working for several years in a Bangkok establishment at which he could have obtained her favours for a sum considerably less than that which subsequently appeared on his expenses sheet. Mr. Pilger later claimed he had been duped by a cunning Thai "businessman". It was perhaps the same businessman who allegedly led Pilger and his film crew to the "well-guarded mansion" that he claimed was Pol Pot's home in Thailand, Since the entire local Press (who are no fools) have not been able to track this mysterious building down, there may be some doubts about its existence, Pilger's distortions and lies in this film are too numerous to be catalogued in this column, but perhaps the most outrageous onewas his allegation that Khmer soldiers trained by the British SAS are fightingwith the Khmer Rouge. NCR Bulletin is prepared to state categorically that it is totally untrue that any Khmers trained under NCR auspices have come from, or subsequently joined, the Khmer Rouge. Moreover if Mr Pilger would like to take a.stroll through the areas of cambodia now liberated by the NCR, he will not find a Khmer Rouge soldier in sight.
But be wiI JimI

nee

<

petty ofRtman

v.el(Xm

captured from his Marxist mates - together with lots and lots of children having arms or legs ripped off by their vicious. unnecessary, inhuman booby-traps.#

28

The Khmer Rouge Past ofHeng Samrin's Leaders

BRUTALITIES IN P'OL POT'S EASTERN
The following letter from Saren Thach, which appeared recently in the

ZONE
A Khmer Remembers
fields" and murdered her and my son (eyewitness account by my surviving brother-in-law). The Khmer Rouge was composed of two factions, the Western headed by Pot Pot and the Eastern headed by Heng Samrin (the Eastern portion of Cambodia was occupied by the Vietnamese). Hun Sen was a regimental commander under Heng Samrin, and operated in the northeastern province of Kompong Cham. Ftom day one, they and the troops under their command killed indiscriminately anyone in their way, and when overrunning two hospitals, Heng Samrin's and Hun Sen's troops threw hand grenades and later slit the throats of critically ill patients (Washington Post, Sept 10, 1973). In July 1973, during the battle to relieve the provincial capital, my special forces unit was sent to relieve the garrison at Kompong Cham, which had been under siege by Hun Sen's troops for three weeks. They discovered hundreds of bodiesof men, women and children young and old, including Buddhist monks, from villages near the provincial capital who had been first tortured and then killed - some executed by a gunshot to the back of the head, others Choppedto death with hoes, stillothers strangled to death or suffocated by plastic bags tied over their heads. In 1973, Heng Samrin as Eastern commander of the Khmer Rouge, turned his entire command over to the Vietnamese, who trained, armed and fought alongside them and who were instrumental in the capture of Phnom Penh in 1975. The Khmer Rouge in the east under the command of Heng Samrin and Hun Sen were involvedin massacres of people, especially of the Muslim minority.. And Hun Sen, as a senior military commander in the eastern region, was charged with personally leading the single greatest cross-border massacre of Vietnamese civilians during the Pol Pot days (Banglwk Post, May 2, 1989). Given Hun Sen's proven record of genocide against the Chams and his subservient role to the Vietnamese, it is likely that this cross-border massacre by Hun Sen and his troops focused on ethnic

Washington Post, clarifies theposiJion of Hun Sen. Heng Samrin and other current puppet regime leaders in relation 10 their past with the KJuner Rooge.
The bands of Hun Sen, Heng Samrin and their colleagues in the PRJ{ are bloodied from the brutal murders of my family and the families of many other Cambodi-

ans,
After tne fall of Phnom Penh in 1975 and when Heng Samrin was in charge of the eastern portion of Cambodia, he implemented the Khmer Rouge's plan of a forced exodus from populated areas to the countryside. Every echelon of the Khmer Rouge leadership carried out mass executionsofthefamilies ofthe educated, military and civil servants, and even the Buddhist monks. In 1975 in Svay Rieng Province, my oldest brother, after being starved for several months, was ordered to dig his own grave by Heng Samrin's deputies and was then murdered (witnessed by my brother's wife's uncle, who survives). In 1976 my next oldest brother, a schoolteacher, seeking escape from the constant killingsordered by Heng Samrin in Svay Rieng province, fled to Tay Ninh province in Vietnam, But instead of his finding relief from the terror, he was returned by the Vietnamese Communists to Svay Rieng, exchanging him to Heng Samrin's troops for one cow. After that, he was paraded before a meeting of local villagers, repeatedly beaten and cut to ribbons with a hoe and left to die before their eyes - his body to be eaten bywilddogs that night (witnessed by my oldest brother's wife, who survives). Also in 1976, my wife, several months pregnant, was forced to march for 10days from Phnom Penh to Svay Rieng Province, which borders Vietnam. The long march caused a premature birth, and my baby girl soon died because her starving mother lacked the milk to keep her alive. The same day my wife gave birth she was forced to work immediately in the rice fields. My 4-year-old son was forced by Heng Samrin's troops to walk many miles through the jungle to beg rice from distant relatives. In late 1978,mywifeand 7-year-Old son were forced bythe Khmer Rouge to march to Pursat province in western Cambodia, and the Khmer Rouge tried to force her to marryone of its cadre. When sherefused, they led her to one of the nearby "killing

minorities in Vietnam (Chams and Stieng) and was Vietnamese-inspired. This massacre served two purposes. First it took care of the rebellious Cham and "Montagnards" in that region of Vietnam, who historically disliked the Vietnamese and whom the Vietnamese have been trying to eradicate for centuries. Second, this gave the Vietnamese the excuse to invade and colonize Cambodia. This explains how Hun Sen, HengSamrin and others of the Eastern Zone Khmer Rougecould maintain a close relationship with the Vietnamese, even after as dastardly act as the cross-border massacre. In 1977, Hun Sen and Heng Samrin fled to the open arms of the Vietnamese, not because they objected to the degree of the Khmer Rouge massacres but because they learned they were targeted for execution in a purge led by party cadre Ke Pauk. Pol Pot's "final solution" included a plan to kill off all Cambodians over the age of 13, except for his most trusted inner circle of friends-- "the Paris Clique". Pol Pot had great mistrust of the loyaltyof Hun Sen, Heng Samrln and the others in the Eastern command because of their close relationship with the Vietnamese. The United States should care if a proVietnam government takes over in cambodia, especially when its leaders' hands are equally as bloody as those of Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge. Since the United States ratified the Convention on Genocide last year, it is hypocrisy for us not to care. As the renowned Jewish author Elie Wiesel said: When governments seek to destroy a people, they must kill twice; first the people, then the memory. The writer, a Cambodian exile, is now a businessman in Northern Virginia,USA. (*The activites under Polrot of another Heng Samrin leader, Hor Nam Hong. are recounted in the Khmer language section.. Hor Nam Hong, who recentlysued Prince Sihanouk; for alleged slander, was in charge of a Khmer Rouge re-education andforced labour camp near Phnom Penh during 1977-1978).

r

NCR Bulletin would welcome further information from its readers on the past history of the puppet regime ~eaders. ~

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