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Table A-1. Universe of SESTAT: U.S.

scientists and engineers, by labor force status and level of highest degree: 1993

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Level of highest degree

Labor force status All degree


Bachelor’s Master’s Doctorate Professional
and S&E indicator levels, total

Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent

S&Es, total ............................................... 11,615,200 100.0% 6,975,000 60.1% 3,011,700 25.9% 706,700 6.1% 921,800 7.9%

Employed, total ..................................... 9,793,500 100.0 5,727,200 58.5 2,575,600 26.3 634,800 6.5 856,000 8.7
Employed in S&E occupation ............... 3,303,400 100.0 1,980,300 59.9 891,300 27.0 395,600 12.0 36,200 1.1
S&E trained ........................................ 2,717,900 100.0 1,540,900 56.7 773,400 28.5 380,700 14.0 23,000 0.8
Non-S&E trained ................................. 585,500 100.0 439,400 75.0 117,900 20.1 14,900 2.5 13,200 2.3
Employed in Non-S&E occupation ....... 6,490,100 100.0 3,746,900 57.7 1,684,300 26.0 239,200 3.7 819,800 12.6

Unemployed, S&E trained .................... 322,200 100.0 225,600 70.0 74,600 23.2 11,200 3.5 10,700 3.3

Not in labor force, S&E trained ........... 1,499,500 100.0 1,022,200 68.2 361,600 24.1 60,700 4.0 55,100 3.7

NOTES: The term "Scientists and Engineers" (S&Es) includes all persons who have ever received a bachelor’s degree or higher in a science or engineering (S&E) field, plus persons
holding a non-S&E bachelor’s or higher degree who are employed in an S&E occupation.
Figures are rounded to nearest hundred. Details may not add to total because of rounding.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation/Science Resources Studies Division, 1993 SESTAT (Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System)