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"It is intended to prevent a practice

adopted during the

Second World War by certain Powers, which transferred portions of their own population to occupied territory for political and racial reasons or in order, as they claimed, to colonize those territories. Such transfers worsened the

economic situation of the native population and endangered their separate existence as a race."

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"[T]he Convention prohibits many of the inhumane practices of the Nazis and the Soviet Union during and before the Second World War - the mass transfer of people into and out of occupied territories slave labor or for purposes of extermination, for example ....The Jewish

colonization,

6

ICRC

Commentary

to the Fourth

Geneva

Convention,

edited

by Jean S. Pictet

(1958),

at

pages 3-9.
7

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 84, 1990, p. 719

8

Phillips, "The Illegal Settlements Myth," Commentary, 2010

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8 settlers in the West Bank are most emphatically volunteers. They have not been "deported" or "transferred" to the area by the Government of Israel, and their movement involves none of the atrocious purposes or harmful effects on the

existing population it is the goal of the Geneva Convention to prevent" (Rostow) "Irony would ... be pushed to the absurdity of claiming that Article 49(6), designed to prevent repetition of Nazi-type

genocidal policies of rendering Nazi metropolitan territories judenrein, has now come to mean that...the West

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Bank ... must be made judenrein

and must be so maintained,

if necessary by the use of force by the government of Israel against correct its own inhabitants. historical and Common sense as well as context excludes so

functional

tyrannical a reading of Article 49(6.)" .(Julius Stone)

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His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other

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The principal Allied powers have also agreed that the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the said powers, in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing nonJewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country ... Recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the

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The Mandatory shall be responsible for placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble, and the development of self-governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion.

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The Administration of Palestine, while ensuring that the rights and position of other-sections of the population are not prejudiced, shall facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions and shall encourage, in co-operation with the Jewish agency referred to in Article 4, close settlement by Jews on the land, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purposes.

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:C:l0;'17 (9)IV 1]'1I0'!l 711

"The Armistice Demarcation Lines defined in articles V and VI of this Agreement are agreed upon by the Parties without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines or to claims of either Party relating thereto.

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