P. 1
Solutions of Assignment No_4

# Solutions of Assignment No_4

|Views: 94|Likes:

See more
See less

04/21/2013

pdf

text

original

# ١

SOLUTIONS OF ASSIGNMENT NO. (4)

THE RESULTANT FORCE

CONCURRENT FORCE SYSTEM - OF A NON

Problem 4.111

Replace the force system acting on the beam by an equivalent force and
couple moment.

cos θ = 4/5 , sin θ = 3/5

F
Rx
= ∑ F
x

(1)
2.5 sin θ
1.5 cos 30°
3 KN
A B
1.5 sin 30° 2.5 cos θ
30°
2 m 4 m 2 m
2.5 KN
1.5 KN
3 KN
A B
3
5
θ

A
F
Rx
F
Ry
B M
B
(2)
٢
= 1.5 sin 30° - 2.5 cos θ

= 1.5 sin 30° – 2.5 * (4/5)

= - 1.25 KN

F
Rx
= 1.25 KN ←

F
Ry
= ∑ F
y

= - 3 – 1.5 cos 30° – 2.5 sin θ

= - 3 – 1.5 cos 30° – 2.5 * (3/5)

= - 5.8 KN

F
Ry
= 5.8 KN ↓

) 5.8 (1.25 F
2 2
R
+ =

F
R
= 5.93 KN ,
25 . 1
8 . 5
tan = θ

θ = 77.8°

∑ M
B
= 1.5 cos 30 (2) + 2.5 *(3/5) (6)

∑ M
B
= 11.6 KN. m (counterclockwise)

٣
Problem 4.113

Replace the three forces acting on the shaft by a single resultant force. Specify
where the force acts, measured from end B.

cos α = 4/5 , sin α = 3/5 , cos β = 5/13 , sin β = 12/13

F
Rx
= ∑ F
x
|
1

= 260 cos β – 500 cos α

= 260 * (5/13) – 500 * (4/5)

= - 300 N

F
Rx
= - 300 N
4
3
5
500 KN
A
200 KN
260 KN
13
5
B
2.5 m 1.5 m
1 m
2 m
α β
12
x
y
200 KN
500 sin α
A
260 sin β
B
500 cos α 260 cos β
(1)

A B
y
x
y
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
(2)
٤

F
Ry
= ∑ F
y
|
1

= - 260 sin β – 200 – 500 sin α

= -260 * (12/13) – 200 – 500 * (3/5)

F
Ry
= - 740 N

F
Rx
= 300 N ← F
Ry
= 740 N ↓

2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =

2 2
R
o 74 300 F + =

F
R
= 798.5 N

tan θ = 740 /300 =2.467

θ = 67.9°

M
B
|
1
= M
B
|
2

260 * (12/13) * 2 + 200 * 3 + 500 * (3/5) * 4.5 = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)

2430 = - 740 x + 300 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)

At y = 0

2430 = - 740 x

x =- 3.28 m

At x = 0

2460 = 300 y

y = 8.1 m

θ
300 N
740 N
F
R

٥
Problem 4.114

Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member AB, measured from A.

∑ F
x
|
1
= ∑ F
x
|
2

F
Rx
= ∑ F
x
|
1

= - 200 N

F
Rx
= - 200 N

∑ F
y
|
1
= ∑ F
y
|
2

y
x
y
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
A
C
B
(2)
x
y
60 N.m
A
C
200 N
400 N 200 N
٣٠٠ N
B
0.3 m 0.4 m
0.2 m
0.7 m
(1)
٦

F
Ry
=∑ F
y
|
1

= - 400 – 200 – 300

= - 900 N

F
Ry
= - 900 N

F
Rx
= 200 N ← F
Ry
= 900 N ↓

2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
900 200 F + =

F
R
= 922 N

tan θ =900/200 = 4.5

θ = 77.47°

M
A
|
1
= M
A
|
2

60 – 200 * (0.3) – 400 * (0.7) – 200 * (0.2) = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)

- 320 = -900 x + 200 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)

At y = 0 (intersection with member AB)

-320 = - 900 x

x = 0.356 m

θ
200 N
900 N
F
R
٧

Problem 4.115

Replace the loading acting on the beam by a single resultant force. Specify where
the force acts measured from end A.

∑ F
x
|
1
= ∑ F
x
|
2

F
Rx
= ∑ F
x
|
1

F
Rx
= 450 cos 60° - 700 sin 30°

2 m 4 m 3 m
450 N
300 N
700 N
1500 N.m
A B
30°
60°
(1)
2 m 4 m 3 m
450 sin 60°
300 N 700 cos 30°
1500 N.m
B
700 sin 30°
450 cos 60°

A
A
F
Rx
F
Ry
x
y
B x
y
(2)

٨

F
Rx
= - 125 N

∑ F
y
|
1
= ∑ F
y
|
2

F
Ry
=∑ F
y
|
1

= - 450 sin 60° - 300 – 700 cos 30°

F
Ry
= - 1296 N

F
Rx
= 125 N ← F
Ry
= 1296 N ↓

2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
1296 125 F + =

F
R
= 1302 N

tan θ =1296/125 = 10.368
θ = 84.5°

M
A
|
1
= M
A
|
2

- 450 sin 60° *(2) – 300 *(6) – 700 cos 30° *(9) – 1500 = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)

- 9535.4 = - 1296 x + 125 y

At y = 0

- 9535.4 = -1296 x

x = 7.36 m

1296 N
125 N
F
R
θ
٩

Problem 1.121

Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member CD measured from end C.

60°
400 N.m
250 N 300 N
500 N
A
C
1 m 2 m 3 m
2 m
3 m
B
4
3
5
D

B
500 cos 60°
400 N.m
250 cos α
300 N
500 sin 60°
A
C
1 m 2 m 3 m
2 m
3 m
D
250 sin α
(1)

y
x
١٠

sin α = 4/5 , cos α = 3/5

∑ F
x
|
1
= ∑ F
x
|
2

F
Rx
= ∑ F
x
|
1

F
Rx
= - 250 sin α – 500 cos 60°

F
Rx
= - 450 N

∑ F
y
|
1
= ∑ F
y
|
2

F
Ry
=∑ F
y
|
1

= - 300 – 250 cos α – 500 sin 60

F
Ry
= - 883 N

A
C
B
D
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
y
(2)
y
x
١١
F
Rx
= 450 N ← F
Ry
= 883 N ↓

2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
833 450 F + =

F
R
= 991 N

tan θ =833/450 = 1.962

θ = 63°

M
C
|
1
= M
C
|
2

400 – 300 * (3) – 250 * (3/5) * (6) – 500 cos 60° * (2) – 500 sin 60° * (1)

= F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)

- 2333 = - 883 x + 450 y

At y = 0

- 2333 = - 883 x

x = 2.64 m (intersection of the line of action of the resultant with member
CD measured from end C)

833 N
450 N
F
R
θ

5 * (4/5) = .5 sin θ = .5. m (counterclockwise) ٢ .82 ) FR = 5.5 cos 30° – 2.8 1.5 *(3/5) (6) ∑ MB = 11.25 KN FRx = 1.1.8 KN ↓ FR = (1.= 1.8 KN FRy = 5.2.3 – 1.5 cos 30 (2) + 2.5 sin 30° – 2.25 ∑ MB = 1.3 – 1.5 sin 30° .5 * (3/5) = .8° .93 KN θ = 77.6 KN. tanθ = 5.25 KN ← FRy = ∑ Fy = .252 + 5.5 cos 30° – 2.5 cos θ = 1.

scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->