This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
https://www.scribd.com/doc/101039176/SolutionsofAssignmentNo4
04/21/2013
text
original
SOLUTIONS OF ASSIGNMENT NO. (4)
THE RESULTANT FORCE
CONCURRENT FORCE SYSTEM  OF A NON
Problem 4.111
Replace the force system acting on the beam by an equivalent force and
couple moment.
cos θ = 4/5 , sin θ = 3/5
F
Rx
= ∑ F
x
(1)
2.5 sin θ
1.5 cos 30°
3 KN
A B
1.5 sin 30° 2.5 cos θ
30°
2 m 4 m 2 m
2.5 KN
1.5 KN
3 KN
A B
3
5
θ
≡
A
F
Rx
F
Ry
B M
B
(2)
٢
= 1.5 sin 30°  2.5 cos θ
= 1.5 sin 30° – 2.5 * (4/5)
=  1.25 KN
F
Rx
= 1.25 KN ←
F
Ry
= ∑ F
y
=  3 – 1.5 cos 30° – 2.5 sin θ
=  3 – 1.5 cos 30° – 2.5 * (3/5)
=  5.8 KN
F
Ry
= 5.8 KN ↓
) 5.8 (1.25 F
2 2
R
+ =
F
R
= 5.93 KN ,
25 . 1
8 . 5
tan = θ
θ = 77.8°
∑ M
B
= 1.5 cos 30 (2) + 2.5 *(3/5) (6)
∑ M
B
= 11.6 KN. m (counterclockwise)
٣
Problem 4.113
Replace the three forces acting on the shaft by a single resultant force. Specify
where the force acts, measured from end B.
cos α = 4/5 , sin α = 3/5 , cos β = 5/13 , sin β = 12/13
F
Rx
= ∑ F
x

1
= 260 cos β – 500 cos α
= 260 * (5/13) – 500 * (4/5)
=  300 N
F
Rx
=  300 N
4
3
5
500 KN
A
200 KN
260 KN
13
5
B
2.5 m 1.5 m
1 m
2 m
α β
12
x
y
200 KN
500 sin α
A
260 sin β
B
500 cos α 260 cos β
(1)
≡
A B
y
x
y
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
(2)
٤
F
Ry
= ∑ F
y

1
=  260 sin β – 200 – 500 sin α
= 260 * (12/13) – 200 – 500 * (3/5)
F
Ry
=  740 N
F
Rx
= 300 N ← F
Ry
= 740 N ↓
2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
o 74 300 F + =
F
R
= 798.5 N
tan θ = 740 /300 =2.467
θ = 67.9°
M
B

1
= M
B

2
260 * (12/13) * 2 + 200 * 3 + 500 * (3/5) * 4.5 = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)
2430 =  740 x + 300 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)
At y = 0
2430 =  740 x
x = 3.28 m
At x = 0
2460 = 300 y
y = 8.1 m
θ
300 N
740 N
F
R
٥
Problem 4.114
Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member AB, measured from A.
∑ F
x

1
= ∑ F
x

2
F
Rx
= ∑ F
x

1
=  200 N
F
Rx
=  200 N
∑ F
y

1
= ∑ F
y

2
y
x
y
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
A
C
B
(2)
x
y
60 N.m
A
C
200 N
400 N 200 N
٣٠٠ N
B
0.3 m 0.4 m
0.2 m
0.7 m
(1)
٦
F
Ry
=∑ F
y

1
=  400 – 200 – 300
=  900 N
F
Ry
=  900 N
F
Rx
= 200 N ← F
Ry
= 900 N ↓
2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
900 200 F + =
F
R
= 922 N
tan θ =900/200 = 4.5
θ = 77.47°
M
A

1
= M
A

2
60 – 200 * (0.3) – 400 * (0.7) – 200 * (0.2) = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)
 320 = 900 x + 200 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)
At y = 0 (intersection with member AB)
320 =  900 x
x = 0.356 m
θ
200 N
900 N
F
R
٧
Problem 4.115
Replace the loading acting on the beam by a single resultant force. Specify where
the force acts measured from end A.
∑ F
x

1
= ∑ F
x

2
F
Rx
= ∑ F
x

1
F
Rx
= 450 cos 60°  700 sin 30°
2 m 4 m 3 m
450 N
300 N
700 N
1500 N.m
A B
30°
60°
(1)
2 m 4 m 3 m
450 sin 60°
300 N 700 cos 30°
1500 N.m
B
700 sin 30°
450 cos 60°
≡
A
A
F
Rx
F
Ry
x
y
B x
y
(2)
٨
F
Rx
=  125 N
∑ F
y

1
= ∑ F
y

2
F
Ry
=∑ F
y

1
=  450 sin 60°  300 – 700 cos 30°
F
Ry
=  1296 N
F
Rx
= 125 N ← F
Ry
= 1296 N ↓
2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
1296 125 F + =
F
R
= 1302 N
tan θ =1296/125 = 10.368
θ = 84.5°
M
A

1
= M
A

2
 450 sin 60° *(2) – 300 *(6) – 700 cos 30° *(9) – 1500 = F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)
 9535.4 =  1296 x + 125 y
At y = 0
 9535.4 = 1296 x
x = 7.36 m
1296 N
125 N
F
R
θ
٩
Problem 1.121
Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member CD measured from end C.
60°
400 N.m
250 N 300 N
500 N
A
C
1 m 2 m 3 m
2 m
3 m
B
4
3
5
D
B
500 cos 60°
400 N.m
250 cos α
300 N
500 sin 60°
A
C
1 m 2 m 3 m
2 m
3 m
D
250 sin α
(1)
≡
y
x
١٠
sin α = 4/5 , cos α = 3/5
∑ F
x

1
= ∑ F
x

2
F
Rx
= ∑ F
x

1
F
Rx
=  250 sin α – 500 cos 60°
F
Rx
=  450 N
∑ F
y

1
= ∑ F
y

2
F
Ry
=∑ F
y

1
=  300 – 250 cos α – 500 sin 60
F
Ry
=  883 N
A
C
B
D
x
F
Rx
F
Ry
y
(2)
y
x
١١
F
Rx
= 450 N ← F
Ry
= 883 N ↓
2
Ry
2
Rx R
F F F + =
2 2
R
833 450 F + =
F
R
= 991 N
tan θ =833/450 = 1.962
θ = 63°
M
C

1
= M
C

2
400 – 300 * (3) – 250 * (3/5) * (6) – 500 cos 60° * (2) – 500 sin 60° * (1)
= F
Ry
(x) – F
Rx
(y)
 2333 =  883 x + 450 y
At y = 0
 2333 =  883 x
x = 2.64 m (intersection of the line of action of the resultant with member
CD measured from end C)
833 N
450 N
F
R
θ
5 * (4/5) = .5 sin θ = .5. m (counterclockwise) ٢ .82 ) FR = 5.5 cos 30° – 2.8 1.5 *(3/5) (6) ∑ MB = 11.25 KN FRx = 1.1.8 KN ↓ FR = (1.= 1.8 KN FRy = 5.2.3 – 1.5 cos 30 (2) + 2.5 sin 30° – 2.25 ∑ MB = 1.3 – 1.5 sin 30° .5 * (3/5) = .8° .93 KN θ = 77.6 KN. tanθ = 5.25 KN ← FRy = ∑ Fy = .252 + 5.5 cos 30° – 2.5 cos θ = 1.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?