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Published by Martin hume
Weather Modification - Artificial Ionospheric Mirror - Plasma Layer.
Weather Modification - Artificial Ionospheric Mirror - Plasma Layer.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Martin hume on Jul 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The incoherent scatter facility at Arecibo, inaugurated in 1963, exploits the world’s
largest single-dish radio telescope, a 305-metre spherical reflector suspended over a
natural limestone sinkhole. The feed system is suspended 150m above the reflecting
surface, and can be steered up to 20o

from the vertical by moving the tertiary and
secondary feed assemblies along a curved circular track. The facility is devoted


mainly to radio astronomy, but a small fraction of the operating time is reserved for
incoherent scatter use, utilising a 430 MHz two-klystron transmitter with a 1 MHz
bandwidth and total peak power of 2.5 MW. The large collecting area of the dish
means that the Arecibo system is the most sensitive of the worldwide ISRs, capable of
reaching the ionospheric topside, where hydrogen ions constitute an appreciable
percentage of the composition. As well as the radar facility, Arecibo also hosts a
number of atmospheric lidars, spectrometers and interferometers, and an HF heater is
currently nearing completion. Scientists at Arecibo have made a number of
contributions to developing the ISR technique, including the use of random codes and
the development of constrained analysis techniques to fit data in cases of multiple ion
populations having different characteristics.

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