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Published by Martin hume
Weather Modification - Artificial Ionospheric Mirror - Plasma Layer.
Weather Modification - Artificial Ionospheric Mirror - Plasma Layer.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Martin hume on Jul 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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To evaluate the actual performance of the cable-based calibration system, a C
program has been developed which can be started through the server software
installed in the test array in Kiruna. The calibration program is connected to the
channel boards of the original EISCAT system, capable of capturing 256 samples of I-
and Q-data for each row and polarisation of the test array at 1.25 MHz. This limits the
bandwidth of the system to 625 kHz, and with a sampling frequency of 80 MHz and a
further digital down-mixing by 16.3 MHz, this places the signal band for the
calibration system in the test array from 223.075 MHz to 224.325 MHz. In a future
system, this limitation would not necessarily apply as it is currently limited by the
maximum frequency of the channel boards.

For each calibration measurement, the channel boards capture 50 µs of data every 50
ms for a period of 5 seconds. At every second 50 µs data block, the couplers and VCO
outputs in each LNA are set by the calibration program. This is necessary to map all
the different signal paths between each ADC of the whole array. When the lengths of
the signal paths are known, the time difference between each ADC can be calculated.
At the start of each 5 second data block, the EISCAT radar controller sends a
synchronisation pulse to the calibration program so that each data block contains well
defined settings of the couplers and VCOs.

The calibration program saves 3 different data blocks which each uses a different
VCO frequency to allow resolving phase ambiguities since the signal paths between
some rows in the test array are greater than the wavelength of the injected frequency.

After analysis of the captured data in Matlab, a matrix of the correct time- and
amplitude differences between each ADC in the array is stored and later used for
correct determination of the beamforming filter settings.


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