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Man and coos Oey Environment BUT TR RO a lel ‘Volume XXXII, No. 2 (July-December 2008) Articles and Notes 1. Technological Analysis ofthe Acheulian Assemblage from Atharapur inthe (oshiarpur District, Punjab) sie Gaillard, Mokesh Singh and Kalbhushan Kumar Rishi 2. ‘The Upper Palaeolithic Damn Industries’ ofthe Bansol River Basin, Jharkhand ‘Kumar Akbilesh " 3, Fleld Studies of Quaternary Sediments around Wal, District Satara, Maharashtra ‘Charu J. Kutkami, Sushma G, Deo and S.N. Rajagura 4. Microlithie Sites of Ayodhya Hills — Further Investigations at Mahadebbera Bishnupriya Basak 5. Faunal Remains from Neolthi-Chalcolithie Phases at Tokya, Mirzapur District, Uttar Pradesh PP. Joglekar, VD. Misra, .N, Pal and M.C. Gupta (6. Purther Excavations at Thandikud, Tamil Nad K. Rajan, N. Athivaman and VE Yates Kumar 7. Seltlements in Context: Reconnaissance in Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana RUN, Singh, CA. Pete, ALL French, A.S. Goudie, 8. Guia, Rakesh Tewari AK. Singh, R. Sinha, R. Srivastava, S. Yadav and VK, Singh 8. Indor Khera Revisited: Excavating Site in the Upper Ganga Plains Jaya Menon, Supriya Varma, Suchi Dayal and Par Bal Sidhu 9. Marine Archaeological Exploration an the Western Coast, Gulf of Khambat AAS. Gaur and Bharat Kumar Bhatt Book Reviews 10, Archacological Approaches to Technology DP. Agarwal 11, Formation Processes and Indian Archaeology DP. Agarwal 12, Harappan Architecture and Civil Engineering MAK, Dhvalikar 13, ‘The Central Narmada Valley —A Study in Palaeontology and Allied Aspects MB. Tart 14, Arikamedtu: ts Place in the Ancient Rome — India Contacts Sil ipa Conteren Repost Obituary Report ofthe General Secretary forthe year 2007-08 Audited Statement of Accounts forthe year 2007-08 ” si o a 88 99 os 09 un 12 13 Pubiihor Printers Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies Muon ‘lo Dopartment of Archavclogy 383 Narayan Peth Decean College, Pune 411 006 Pune at 030 Price: Re. 600.00, RN. Singh ta, Man nd Emronment XXXID}: 71-87 2008, 6 Indian Sok for robs an QaseraryStaie Settlements in Context: Reconnaissance in Western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana RN. Singh, C.A. Petrie C.A.L French!, AS. Goudie, 8. Gupta’, Rakesh Tewar', A.K. Singh, R. Sinha, R. Srivastava’ 8. Yadav" and V.K. Singh Department of AIC & Archacology 1. Department of Archaeolozy 2. St. Cross College ‘Banaras Hindu University University of Cambridge, Oxford OX1 312, Varanasi-221005 (Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK uk savi_bhul @rediffiailcom 3. Department of Earth Science & Engineering 4, UP State Archacology Department 5S. Department of Civil Imperial College London, hibition Ros London SW72AZ, UK Roshanuddaula Kothi, Kaisarbagh Lucknow 226 018 Engincering Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 208 016, Abstract Scholars have known of major palacochannels that strech across Haryana and Rajasthan in India ‘and into Cholistan in Pakistan for over 130 years. They are generally believed to be the traces of substantial glacier fed river (or rivers) that once flowed across these northern plains and this reconstruction is seemingly confirmed by the existence of numerous archaeological sites along these relic water courses, This co-occurrence has led to the suggestion tht this river was instrumental in supporting some of the major sites ofthe Harappan Civilisation, andthe drying ofthis iver is believed tw have been one ofthe critical factors in the abandonment of sites, and ultimately the collapse ofthe Hearappan urban system. The relationship berween prehistoric setlement and the landscape has major importance for our understanding of prehistoric cultural development in the northwestern plans of Indi. This preliminary report outlines the first stage of a broader analysis ofthe relationship between archaeological settlement sites and their geographical and landscape context in western UP and, Haryana. These areas have a geographical relationship tothe present courses of the perennial Yamuna, ‘and Hindon Rivers and ofthe ephemeral Ghaggar, Sarsuti and Chautang Rivers and associated nulla Introduction ‘Major cultural transformations such asthe growth and collapse of civilisations are frequently attributed to climatic and environmental change (e-g. Saubwasser and Weiss 2006). Such inferences ae largely drawn from correlations between global climate proxy records and the timing of cultural transformations visible inthe archaeological record, but there is litle direet evidence to link global sale ‘evidence for climate change to local scale evidence for ‘cultural transformation (Madelia and Fuller 2006). Local ‘environmental factors and the way that human societies sctally respond to change are also usually overlooked. For more than 130 years, scholars have known ofthe existence of a number of major palaeo-channels that sretch across the modem slates of Haryana and Rajasthan in India and into Cholistan in Pakistan, and it has been ‘common to associate these with the so-called “lost” ‘Sarasvati River frst refered to in Vedic texts (Oldham 1874, 1893; Oldham 1886; Stein 1940; Mughal 1997, Received 1-8-2008 Revised: 25-8-2008, Accepted : 08-9-2008 Ghose tal. 1979; Yashpal etal. 1980). These relic watercourses, which are today known as the Ghagzar, Habra, Naiwal, Sarsuti, Markanda, and Chautang Rivers, were first recognized on the ground as wide channels demarcated by sand dunes (Oldham 1874, 1893:Oldham_ 1886; Stein 1940), but more recently their courses have been reconstructed on the bass of satellite imagery (Ghose etal. 1979: Yashpal etal. 1980). Much debate and speculation surrounds these palaeochannels, primarily because they are generally believed to be the traces of a substantial glacier fed river (or rivers) that once flowed south, southwest and west across the plains ofthe Punjab and Haryana, thence west and southwest across Rajasthan, southwest 10 Cholisan, and in some reconstructions ‘onwards to the south o flow into the Rann of Kutch (Oldham 1874, 1893; Oldham 1886; Yashpal etal. 1980; Lal 2002). The viability ofthis reconstruction is seemingly confirmed by the existence ofa large number of archaeological sites along these relic water courses, which hha also led tothe proposition that this iver was instrumental in supporting some ofthe major sites of the ‘predominantly riverine Harappan Civilisation (Gupta 1989, 2001; Mughal 1997; Kenoyer 1998; Possehl 1999, 2002; Valdiya 2002; Lal 2002; Lal eta. 2003). Following this