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**DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2009
**

Third Semester

Civil Engineering

MA2211 – TRANSFORMS AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

(Common to all branches)

(Regulation 2008)

Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

Answer ALL questions

PART A – (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. State the sufficient condition for a function ( ) f x to be expressed as a Fourier series.

2. Obtain the first term of the Fourier series for the function

2

( ) , f x x x t t = ÷ < < .

3. Find the Fourier transform of

,

( )

0, and

ikx

e a x b

f x

x a x b

¦ < <

=

´

< >

¹

.

4. Find the Fourier sine transform of

1

x

.

5. Find the partial differential equation of all planes cutting equal intercepts from the x and y axes.

6. Solve

( )

3 2

2 0 D D D z ' ÷ = .

7. Classify the partial differential equation

2

2

4

u u

x t

c c

=

c c

.

8. Write down all possible solutions of one dimensional wave equation.

9. If

2

( )

1 1 3

2 4 4

z

F z

z z z

=

| || || |

÷ ÷ ÷

| | |

\ .\ .\ .

, find (0) f .

10. Find the Z – transform of

for 0

( )

!

0 otherwise

n

a

n

x n

n

¦

> ¦

=

´

¦

¹

.

PART B – (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) (i) Obtain the Fourier series of the periodic function defined by

0

( )

0

x

f x

x x

t t

t

÷ ÷ < < ¦

=

´

< <

¹

. Deduce that

2

2 2 2

1 1 1

...

1 3 5 8

t

+ + + + · = .

(ii) Compute upto first harmonics of the Fourier series of ( ) f x given by the following

table

x 0 T/6 T/3 T/2 2T/3 5T/6 T

( ) f x 1.98 1.30 1.05 1.30 – 0.88 – 0.25 1.98

Or

(b) (i) Expand

2

( ) f x x x = ÷ as a Fourier series in L x L ÷ < < and using this series find the

root mean square value of ( ) f x in the interval.

(ii) Find the complex form of the Fourier series of ( )

x

f x e

÷

= in 1 1 x ÷ < < .

12. (a) (i) Find the Fourier transform of

1 1

( )

0 1

x if x

f x

if x

¦ ÷ <

¦

=

´

>

¦

¹

and hence find the value of

4

4

0

sin

t

dt

t

·

}

.

(ii) Evaluate

( ) ( )

2 2

0

4 25

dx

x x

·

+ +

}

using transform methods.

Or

(b) (i) Find the Fourier cosine transform of

2

x

e

÷

.

(ii) Prove that

1

x

is self reciprocal under Fourier sine and cosine transforms.

13. (a) A tightly stretched string with fixed end points 0 x = and x = is initially at rest in its

equilibrium position. If it is set vibrating giving each point a initial velocity 3 ( ) x x ÷ , find the

displacement.

Or

(b) A rod, 30 cm long has its ends A and B kept at 20⁰C and 80⁰C respectively, until steady state

conditions prevail. The temperature at each end is then suddenly reduced to 0⁰C and kept so.

Find the resulting temperature function is a regular function ( , ) u x t taking 0 x = at A.

14. (a) (i) Find the inverse Z – transform of

2

10

3 2

z

z z ÷ +

.

(ii) Solve the equation

2 1

6 9 2

n

n n n

u u u

+ +

+ + = given

0 1

0 u u = = .

Or

(b) (i) Using convolution theorem, find the

1

Z

÷

of

( ) ( )

2

4 3

z

z z ÷ ÷

.

(ii) Find the inverse Z – transform of

( ) ( )

3

3

20

2 4

z z

z z

÷

÷ ÷

.

15. (a) (i) Solve

2 2

z px qy p q = + + .

(ii) Solve

( )

2 2 2

2 sinh( )

x y

D DD D z x y e

+

' ' + + = + + .

Or

(b) (i) Solve( ) ( ) ( )( ) y xz p yz x q x y x y ÷ + ÷ = + ÷ .

(ii) Solve

( )

2 2

3 3 7 D D D D z xy ' ' ÷ ÷ + = + .

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