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Published by: animshakya on Jul 27, 2012
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Leading Edge

When microwave meets the IP wave

When microwave meets the IP wave
The popularity of 3G networks has culminated in increased demands for IP and broadband services across mobile networks. However, this causes bottlenecks in conventional microwave systems. Existing bandwidth fails to meet service development and is unable to support Ethernet packet services.
By Li Jiangling

Paving the way for IP backhaul


urrent backhaul networks must efficiently transport existing networks’ E1 services, HSPAbased broadband ser vices, and dynamic Ethernet packet services. IP microwave technology has emerged to fulfill these needs. IP microwave incorporates adaptive modulation (AM) to directly map packet signals onto an air interface. Microwave

systems are in development that can transmit IP services and large service volumes to transport networks, but they require cuttingedge IP microwave technologies. The All-IP oriented IP microwave system adopts packet switching as its core technology under which the air interface fully adopts packet technology. AM greatly improves the efficiency and capacity of packet data transmission by offering high bandwidth and dynamically adapting the packet microwave to different weather conditions, such as rain and fog. Technologies such as AM, layered QoS,

and high frequency modulation (256QAM) achieve this without interrupting existing TDM/ATM service transmission.

Benefits of packet microwave
Operators can utilize advanced packet microwave technologies to enhance mobile broadband service transmission in a number of ways.

Improving bandwidth utilization

47 JUN 2009 . ISSUE 50

3G R99/R4. Thus. and ensure compatibility. and packet microwave systems into a single system that smoothly transits conventional microwave to packet microwave. Coupled with a PTN. ISSUE 50 Hybrid microwave for 2G/3G Given that TDM/ATM services and Ethernet packet services will coexist over the long-term. expensive GPS modules are required for multicast broadcast multimedia services (MBMSs) including mobile TV in LTE TDD and LTE FDD. and packet. it’s impossible to get GPS resource because antenna installation is not viable. this supports various packet-based clock transfer protocols including synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588v2. under which TDM. The IP microwave system automatically changes modulation mode (for example. to realize network-wide E2E transmission and synchronization.com JUN 2009 . Packet-based clock synchronization 48 . factors such as traffic connection and synchronization must be considered. The hybrid mode will gradually fail to meet holistic IP mobile network maintenance. Favorable weather conditions stimulate a recovery in transport link quality and the system automatically resumes its original bit rate to transmit all services. hybrid microwave e q u i p m e n t . Huawei is also the only vendor offering the capability to provide seamless evolution from TDM. All-IP of mobile broadband services will catalyze a massive increase in data services. safeguard existing network investment. In some indoor cases. this will inevitably evolve into a packet microwave network and become the preferred microwave transport solution for operators. both of which lessen TCO. Smooth evolution Huawei has innovatively integrated the TDM. optimum performance. Huawei is positioned to assist operators construct a cost-effective microwave transport network capable of sustaining commercial growth. and other services can coexist in the long term. the Unified multi-service transport Conventional 2G networks are based on TDM. Packet microwave equipment represents the optimal choice for future All-IP service transmission should operators choose to construct their own IP transport networks. This tends to promote an IP core as the mainstream choice. otherwise. Clock frequency accuracy exceeds +/-0. The synchronous clock transfer specific to the Huawei packet mode supports synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588v2. In order to safeguard existing equipment investment and ensure existing voice service transmission. It optimizes the microwave frame structure and link protocol in a way that reduces OPEX and handles larger traffic volumes despite the limited bandwidth of microwave air interfaces.Huawei Communicate The IP microwave system not only improves the bandwidth multiplexing and transport efficiency. and statistical multiplexing technology. a n d p a c k e t m i c r ow a v e equipment. hybrid microwave transport forms an effective choice for operators as the air interface can encapsulate TDM and packet services into a unified microwave frame prior to transmission. 3G R5/R6/LTE/WiMAX networks are transiting to IP-based networking. The microwave transport network has developed from TDM microwave to hybrid microwave. preferred solution during mobile transport network transformation should incorporate packet switching capability into existing TDM microwave equipment. the hybrid microwave system can completely function as a packet microwave system. AM lowers TCO Compared with identical transport conditions in a traditional TDM microwave system. ATM. the IP system maximizes different services’ availability allocation ratio through AM by expanding transport bandwidth. Ethernet.05ppm and phase synchronization occurs in under 1ms to meet the requirements of various radio mobile bearer networks. This maximally extends system life cycle and decreases CAPEX. During the initial phase of evolving 2G networks to 3G. Packet microwave for 3G/LTE The packet microwave mode converts services from TDM to circuit emulation services (CESs) that are then mapped onto the microwave frame. AM technology implements condition-based bandwidth adjustments across the microwave air interface to help operators decrease frequency spectrum costs and reduce antenna weight. while blocking low priority services. As the only vendor able to provide TDM microwave equipment. The hybrid microwave supports three types of air interface modes: TDM. and now ATM. hybrid (TDM + packet). The IP microwave system carries existing services and realizes unified service transmission through E2E hybrid technology or pseudo wire emulation edge to edge (PWE3) to decrease equipment investment and O&M costs and complexity. from 256QAM to 16QAM) in unfavorable weather conditions to ensure error-free bit communications. a packet air interface. but also supports burst service transmission via a packet switching kernel. underpinned by an effective OAM mechanism from the IP Core to the IP RAN. encouraging the hybrid mode to smoothly evolve to an all packet mode. and adaptive modulation to enable operators’ existing networks to develop into hybrid packet microwave transport networks and ease network transition pressures. Microwave air interface bandwidth decreases to protect high priority services. support flexible upgrades. voice services still dominate mobile service provision and data services are negligible. The Huawei hybrid microwave features high bandwidth. Current packet-based clock transfer technology is already advanced and can be applied to the IP-based microwave transmission system. hybrid to pure packet microwave. hybrid. After data services emerge as the major concern of mobile transport networks and all interfaces are technologically IP-based. AM adjusts transport bandwidth for low priority Ethernet packet services and maintains bandwidth for high priority E1 voice services. Editor: Michael huangzhuojian@huawei. When networks evolve from SDH to IP-based backhaul. Packet microwave networks yield the best performance/cost ratio.

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