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ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
( TIme Allowed:
Marks : 200)
INSTRUCTIONS Candidates should attempt Question No. 1 which is compulsory, and FOUR more questions taking TWO each from Section-A and Section-B. The nu.mber of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the
Answers must be written in ENGLISH. Assume any data, if required and indicate the same cteariy: Wherever a question is attempted, all its subdivisions must be attempted. Unkss otherwise indicated, symbols and notations have tllei, usual meaning.
' Electron charge e = 1-6 x 10-19 coulomb Electron Planck's mass constant m h = 9-1 x 10-31 kg x 10-34 == 6·625.. (a) of vacuum of vacuum : : c G 3 x 108 m/s = 6·668 x 10-11 m3Jkg_s2 M = 5-997 x 1024 kg .. Eo = For a fullwave proportional 'V r ' when v = rectifier with a capacitor r show that the ripple to the load curre~t C voltage-V Calculate is inversely the value of is given by 8 for the 8 to the capacitor C and is proportional Ide' = 100 J.. B. gates only.. = J-s Velocity of light U ni versa} constant of gravitation Mass of Earth Radius of Earth Permeability Permittivity t. The to the rectifier SOP a.1Fand Id c = 10 rnA. 14. 9. ~ . 3~ 5. R = 6378 krn J. D) expression l:m(2. C.!o = 4n x 10-7 HIm 10-9 361t F 1m filter..c.. 11. the (b) Obtain minimal = expre ssron Realize Y(A. 12. input voltage V m sin 314t. 7" 8. 15) + d(2. 4) using using 2 input NAND  (Contd.) .. I': Some useful constants are given below .. K-map. 13.
calculate its G/T ratio.c. . (e) Obtain the overall transfer function of an armature controlled d. if earth radius is 6400 km and altitude of satellite is 6000 km (Noise temp.  6 (Contd. interface. angle at core-cladding a geosynchronous Assuming satellite global beam covering all visible earth surface with 1000/0 efficiency. 8 the Numerical Critical Acceptance angle in air for fibre. Write the state diagram and the timing diagram for the same.(d) State and explain m in irnurn phase and non8 minimum phase transfer functions with examples.c. The counter counts during +ve edges of the clock.8 . motor. (f) An optical and field control led 8 1-45 and Assuming following: (i) (ii) (iii) (g) (i ) fibre has a core refractive index of a cladding refractive index of 1-4_ ray theory of analysis" determine aperture of the fibre.) . Explain the difference between armature controlled d. shunt motor. of satellite antenna is 290 0 K).(c) Design a mod-7 asynchronous up counter using JK flip-flops.
Sketch also the method of excitation of TEIO mode (i) and TE20 mode in a rectangular waveguide..) . 6+2 Convert the following (i) : decimal number into octal (5621·125)10 (i i) hexadecimal binary (5621) 16- number into octal and into 4+2+2 [4 ] (Contd. are If inside 2 ern x dimensions dominant mode through a rectangular waveguide of the the waveguide following: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) 1 ern. calculate cut off frequency guide wavelength phase velocity characteristic impedance.(ii) What are the classification terms of distance from earth ? of satellites in 2 in from earth and position (h) Microwave fi lled with signal of 9·2 GHz is propagating air.
2) where i is an integer > It is given that Fib (0) = o. 2(b). The other details 6 V.U) Write a 'C~ program to print first twenty Fibonacci numbers (Fib (i)) using the formula = : Fib (i) Fib (i . V CEQ = 4 rnA. 2(b)  _ (Contd. Explain the circuit operation with other relevant waveform..-----'------Fig. ICQ = 12 V. (a) Design a self bias circuit for a CE amplifier using an npn transistor with 13 are : Vee = = 100..1) + Fib (i . 10 (b) Design an op-amp waveform generating circuit to produce the waveform given in Fig. 8 Fib (1) = 1.) . SECTION-A 2. Vo J 10 +10 V---J---~ T= ~l ms 1----""1 ~--------------:.t O-Srm -10 V - ---1----- ----.
• ::=::-c • 1 I \ --------------------------~ Fig.) . H output voltage of ± 10 v.4 V.. should be = 0. Explain the operation table. Design a Schmitt trigger circuit using an op-amp which has a maximum The "hysteresis'-V the working characteristics. -VDD of the same with the help of truth10 L---------r------O V o =? VI o----i . 2(c) 3. J-K Ffip-Flops.(c) Identify the logic gate shown in Fig. 2(c). Explain the transfer = of the circuit with Use a reference voltage V R 2 V. 10  (Contd. (a) Write the counting synchronous -ve edge triggered (b) sequence Design of a 4 bit down the same using 10 counter.
10 4.(e) Implement the following expressions using CMOSAO 1 logic circuits. 10 Explain the effect of additional poles and zeros of G(s) H(s) on the shape of the Nyquist plot. Find the stability of the control. Verify the circuit operation with the help -of truth table (i) (ii) Y _: A + Be Y = AB + CD.system whose characteristic equation is given by = (s . 10 =  (Contd.1)2 (s + 2) (s + 1) (b) o.) .1) . (a) Explain the difficulties)nvolved of Routh-Hurwitz criter'ion in the application and also bring out limitations.2s s+2 (s + 1) (s . Sketch the Nyquist diagram and determine stability of the transfer function (i) (ii) G(s) H(s) G(s) H(s) = . s 1-0.
loss budget graphically. R Fig. (a) A voice grade telephone circuit has to transmit audio signal in digital signal form. 10 An optical fiber link has the foltowing Laser diode output = 3 dBm In GaAs APD sensitivity Optical fiber attenuation Connector Power margin = = = (b) details -32 dBm 0·25 dBIkrn = loss at each end 6 dB.) . 10 [8 ] (Contd. Calculate the data rate if an ADC of 12 bits is used in your scheme. Suggest and explain the scheme for the same with suitable block diagram.(c) Obtain the overall transfer function C/R from the signal flow graph-Fig. (c) Represent With the help of a block diagram explain the working of a superheterodyne AM receiver. 4(c). 4(c) SECTION-B 5. 10 -H . 1 dB this link 10 Calculate the link distance.
show side lobe level.) . radiation pattern. beam width antenna. appropriate and doping With the help of is obtained 14 voltage and current plots in IMPATT resistance diode" show how negative in it. frequency and maximum 6 radiation reference pattern to the Define in polar antenna the resonant CW output power. (c) Sketch an antenna With co-ordinates.6. gain of an aperture 7 How is it related to effective antenna ? area ? What is difference between isotropic antenna and omnidirectional  (Contd. (a) Sketch the structure. half power and null width. (b) In the case of an IMPATT having carrier drift velocity vd = 4 x 105 m/sec Drift region length L = 12 jrrn Breakdown Maximum voltage operating V bd = 90 V V max voltage = tOO V Maximum operating current I Efficiency Detennine " max = 100 rnA = 100/0. field distribution profile of an IMPATT diode.
1=1 S=X T=X T = T • (-I) • X • X/«(I + 1) * (I + 2») S=S+T True False I = I+2 [101 (Contd. antenna is operating at S-band mid If the frequency is now shifted to X-band mid frequency. 3 7.) . determine the approximate increase in gain in dB.(d) A parabolic frequency. (a) What is done by the following chart? till i = program flow 10 Give a trace (print out) of all the variables 5 for X = 0·5.
TABLTOP C.A IMP [1 J] LPI (Contd.) .MOV LP2 INX MOV INX MOV E.(b) What is done by the following assembly language 10 program ? Explain.OO LPI MOV SUB MOV MOV A~E B. M H M. M H LXI . H.M INX MOV INX MVI H B. E.D SBI JM INR MOV 00 LBLI M D.A A. M H D.
How many interrupt lines are there in Intel 8085 ? Name them in order of priority.E ADD INX MOV DCR JNZ RET Programme variable B H M. Give their restart location also. 10  ./' .. LBLt MOV A.A C LP2 TABLTOP· EQU (c) 194>4>H.