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Resistance Exercise

# Resistance Exercise

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04/28/2015

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Pain
Inflammation
Severe Cardiopulmonary Disease

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Resistance is applied by a therapist
or by the patient to himself.
Either dynamically or isometrically.

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Applied throughout the available
ROM.
Applied in anatomic planes, diagonal,
or functional simulation.

Manual Resistance
Exercise

Guidelines in Application

Body mechanics of the therapist
Application of manual resistance and
stabilization
Verbal commands
Number of repetitions and sets and
duration of rest intervals

Mechanical Resistance
Exercise

Mechanical Resistance
Exercise

Mechanical Resistance
Exercise

Mechanical Resistance
Exercise

Resistance is applied using some
type of equipment.
resisting Exercise

Mechanical Resistance
Exercise

Specific Exercise Regimens

Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE)
Circuit Weight Training
Plyometric Training – Stretch-
Shortening Drills
Isokinetic Regimens

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

A system of dynamic resistance
exercise in which constant load is
applied to the contracting muscle by
mechanical means and incrementally
progressed.
RM is the basis of exercise
progression.

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

De Lorme Regimen

Use 3 sets of 10 RM with progressive
Builds a warm-up period.

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

Calculation:

Determination of 10 RM
1st set: 10 reps at 50% of the 10 RM
2nd set: 10 reps at 75% of the 10 RM
3rd set: 10 reps at 100% of the 10 RM

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

Oxford Regimen

Use 3 sets of 10 RM with regressive
Calculation:

Determination of 10 RM
1st set: 10 reps at 100% of 10 RM
2nd set: 10 reps at 75% of 10 RM
3rd set: 10 reps at 50% of 10 RM

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

Exercise (DAPRE)

Based on a 6 RM working weight.
The adjusted working weight, which is
based on the maximum number of
repetitions possible using the working
weight in set three, determines the load
for the next exercise session.

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

DAPRE Technique

Progressive Resistance
Exercise (PRE)

Weight

Circuit Weight Training

A pre-established sequence (circuit) of
continuous exercise is performed.
Targets a variety of major muscle
groups.
Each exercise is performed at a specific
number of repetitions and sets with a
minimum amount of rest between sets
and stations.

Circuit Weight Training

Exercise Order:

Alternate between upper extremity, lower
extremity, and trunk musculature
Large muscle groups → small muscle groups
Multijoint exercises → muscle group isolation

Circuit Training – addresses all aspects
of physical fitness rather than
strength/endurance only.

Plyometric Training – Stretch-
Shortening Drills

High-intensity, high-velocity
exercises.
Employs reflexive reactions and
functional movement.
Emphasis on development of
muscular power and coordination.

Reactive Neuromuscular Training

Plyometric Training – Stretch-
Shortening Drills

Rapid eccentric – stretch phase
Rapid concentric – shortening phase
Period between stretch and
shortening – amortization phase
Intensity: high-intensity enough not
to slow down the activity.

Plyometric Training – Stretch-
Shortening Drills

Volume: increase repetitions as long
as proper form (technique) is
maintained.
Frequency: increase number of
exercises per session or increase
number of sessions per week.
Recovery Period: 48 to 72 hours is
recommended.

Isokinetic Regimens

Velocity Spectrum Rehabilitation (VSR)

Exercises are performed across a
wide range of velocities

Use of Equipment with
Resistance Exercise

Use of Equipment with
Resistance Exercise

Use of Equipment with
Resistance Exercise

Equipment

Free Weights

Equipment

Simple Weight-Pulley System

Equipment

Variable Resistance Machines
Weight-Cable System
Hydraulic and Pneumatic

Equipment

Equipment

Equipment

Equipment

Elastic Resistance

Equipment

Equipment for Closed-Chain Training
Multipurpose Exercise Units
Balance Boards
Slide Boards
Stepping Machines
Elliptical Trainers and Cross-Country Ski
Machines
Mini-Trampolines

Equipment

Reciprocal Exercise Equipment
Exercise Cycle
Portable Resistive Exercise Units
Upper Extremity Ergometer

Equipment

Equipment for Dynamic Stabilization
Training
Isokinetic Testing and Training
Equipment
Equipment for Isometric Training

Equipment

Prescription
Prescription
Prescription

Prescription

Mode + Muscle Group or Body Part +
Equipment (with intensity) +
Duration (isometrics) + Repetitions +
Sets + Direction + Frequency

Prescription

MREs on (B) UE x 8-12 reps x 3 sets
towards AP, OD

Muscle settings on (R) Quads x 10 SH x
10 reps, QID

Prescription

PREs using De Lorme Regimen on (B)
Biceps and Triceps using 40 lb DB at
10 RM

Resistance Exercises on (B) LE using
LAW x 15 reps x 5 sets towards AP,
BID

The End!
The End!
The End!

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