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Sakurai J.J. Modern Quantum Mechanics (AW, 1994)(802dpi)(T)(513s)

Sakurai J.J. Modern Quantum Mechanics (AW, 1994)(802dpi)(T)(513s)

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ProofoftheAngular-MomentumAdditionRule
Givenby EquationC.7.38)

It will be instructive to discussthe angular-momentum addition rule from
the quantum-mechanicalpoint of view. Let us, for the moment, label our
angular momenta, sothat

j\\ ;>j2.This we can always do.From Equation

C.7.35),

the maximum value of m, mmax is

max

=

(B.l.l)

There isonly one ket that correspondsto the eigenvaluemmax, whether the
descriptionis in terms of \\j\\j2> mim2) or \\j\\J2> Jm)- ^n other words,
choosingthe phasefactorto be1,we have

\\JlJ2> JJl)=

\\j\\h\\ h +J2,h +Jl)- (B.1.2)

In the \\JiJ2\\rnlm2) basis,there are two kets that correspondto the m
eigenvaluemmax

\342\200\224

1,namely, one ket with

ml = mmax

\342\200\224

1and m2 = mmax

and one ket with m, =mmax and m1= mmax

\342\200\224

1.There is thus a twofold
degeneracyin this basis;therefore,there must be a twofold degeneracyin
the \\jij2, jm)basisaswell.From wherecouldthis come?Clearly,mmax

\342\200\224

1

is a possiblem-value for j=

ji+ j2- It is als\302\260

a possiblem-value for

j=

j\\ + j2\342\200\224

1\342\200\224in

fact, the maximum m-value for this j.Soj\\, j2 can add

toj'sof j\\ + j2 and jx + j2-1.
We can continue in this way, but it is clear that the degeneracy
cannot increaseindefinitely. Indeed,for mmin = \342\200\224

j\\

\342\200\224

j2,there is once
again a singleket.Themaximum degeneracyisBj2+l)-fold,asisapparent

456

Proof ofthe Angular-Momentum Addition Rule Given by Equation C.7.38) 457

TABLE B.I.Special Examples of Values of m, mx, and m2 for the Two Cases
h =2,j2 =1and h =

2J2=

\\' Respectively

h = 2,h =l

m

(ml9m2)

Numbers of States

J\\ =2,h =

2

m

(m1(m2)

3

B,1)

1

5

2

B.1)

2

A,

B,

2

3

2

A,

1)

0)

i)

B

A

1

@,
A,

3

1

2

@,

1)

0)

1)

%

0

(-1,1)

@,0)

A,-1)

3

1

2

(-l,i)

@,-1)

\342\200\224

@,

3

\342\200\224

(-1,

1

2,1)
1,0)

-1)

3

2

1h

A 2)

-i)

(-2,0)

(-1,-1)

2

5

2

(-2,-2-)

\342\200\224

(-2,

1

3

-1)

Numbers of States 1

1

from TableB.Iconstructedfor two specialexamples:for j\\ =

2, j2=1and

for j\\ =2, j2=

2- ThisBj2+l)-folddegeneracymust be associatedwith

the 2j2+lstatesj:

h

>--->Ji~

J2

If we lift the restriction j\\ ;>j2,we obtainC.7.38).

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