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Analysis of Redeposited Artifacts McFaddin Beach Texas

Analysis of Redeposited Artifacts McFaddin Beach Texas

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Published by etchplain
Stright, M. J., E. M. Lear, and J. F. Bennett, 1999, Spatial Data Analysis of Artifacts Redeposited by Coastal Erosion: A Case Study of McFaddin Beach, Texas. US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Metairie, Louisiana.
Stright, M. J., E. M. Lear, and J. F. Bennett, 1999, Spatial Data Analysis of Artifacts Redeposited by Coastal Erosion: A Case Study of McFaddin Beach, Texas. US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Metairie, Louisiana.

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General activities that might be carried out at a campsite are indicated by such

tools as adzes, gouges, and axes (woodworking), scrapers and awls (hide processing and

clothing manufacture), grinding stones, nutting stones, and pottery (food preparation), and

gorgets and pendants (personal adornment). The broken proximal ends of projectile

points also may be more specifically indicative of campsites because it is the proximal end

of a projectile point, broken during use, that would be brought back to the campsite still

hafted to the shaft for discard or resharpening. Projectile points fit this category only if

the break is old (as evidenced by the same degree and type of patina across the break as

was present over the rest of the artifact).

49

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

AN/NS

1

1

AP

1*

5 2*

1*

9

AX/AZ

1

1

AW

1*

4

5

AW

/DR

1

1

AZ

1

1

AZ/GO

1

1

2

BF

2 3

1 1

2

1

5 2

99

116

BF/BS

3

3

BF/GV

1

1

BF/KN

1

1

BF/PF

2

9

11

50

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

BF/PRF

1

1

BF/SC

1

1

BKN

1

1

BL

1

1

BLCO

1

1

BO

1

1

BPC

2*

1

3

BS/DR/AW

1

1

BST

1*

1

BTF

1

1

BTF/CF

1

1

BTF/GV

1

1

BTF/UF

5

5

51

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

CD

1

1

CO

1*

1

2

CO/USC

1*

1

CPF

1

1

CR

1

1

DF

6

6

DF/BL/SC

1

1

DF/BSC

1

1

DF/KN/HE

1

1

DF/SC

1

6

7

DF/SP/GV

1

1

DF/UF

8

8

52

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

DF/USC

3

3

DF/UT

1

1

DR

2

2

7

11

DR/SC

1*

1

FG

4

4

FG/GV/BS

1

1

FL

8

8

FL/BL

1

1

FL/BL/UT

1

1

2

FL/BSC

1

1

FL/KN

1

1

2

FL/SC/GV

1

1

FL/USC

3

3

GS

9

9

53

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

GT

1

1

GV

1

1

HS

2*

14

16

KN

3

3

M

BC

1

1

M

BC/PRF

1*

1

PB

1 1*

2

PB/GV

1

1

PB/SC/GV

1

1

PB/USC

4

4

PBCO

1*

1

PBT

1*

5

6

54

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

PBT/GV

1

1

PBT/SP

1

1

PD

1

1

PF

1 1

1

3

PL

1

1

PP

104 5

41 7

11 1

12

2 2

21 3

35 5

58 11

17 9

6 3

13 5

16

10

1*

39

437

PP(DE)

2 1

2 2

1

3

1

9

21

PP(IF)

1

2

1

1

1 1

1

8

PP(PE)

11

7 2

2

2 1

3

5 1

2

2

38

PP/BS

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

7

PP/KN

2

1

3

PP/GO

1

1

PP/SC

1

1

55

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

PP/SP

1

1

1

PS

1

1

PT

1

1

SC

1*

4

5

SC/GV

1

1

SC/HE

1

1

SNSC

1

1

SPC

2

2

SPC/DR

1

1

SPC/SC

1

1

UF

4

16

20

UF/BL

1

1

56

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function

Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian

Late Paleoindian/
Early Archaic

Early Archaic

Early/
Middle Archaic

Middle Archaic

Middle/
Late Archaic

Middle/
Transitional Archaic

Late Archaic

Late Archaic/
Late Prehistoric

Late/
Transitional Archaic

Transitional Archaic

Archaic (Non-specific)

Late Prehistoric

Late Prehistoric/
Historic

Unknown

Total

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

D P

UF/GV

1

1

UK

5

5

USC

1

8

9

USC/HE

1

1

USC/SP

1

1

UT

5

5

UT/FL/BL

1

1

UT/GV

1

1

UT/HE

1

1

UT/SP

1

1

TOTAL

130 30

54 17

13 1

14 1

2 2

24 4

40 5

66 16

19 10

7 4

17 6

16 0

18 2

8 2

3 0

342**

873**

D = Definitely of the cultural period

* = Possibly the identified function

P = Possibly of the cultural period

**= 7 “geofacts” of unknown period were omitted from the function table

57

Table 3. Artifact Functions by Cultural Period (continued)

Function Codes

AN

Anvil

AP

Arrow Point

AW

Awl

AX

Ax

AZ

Adz

BF

Untyped Biface

BKN

Backed Knife

BL

Blade

BLCO

Blade Core

BO

Bobbin

BPC

Bipolar Core

BS

Burin Spall

BSC

Backed Scraper

BST

Bola Stone

BTF

Bifacial Thinning Flake

CD

Chipping Debris

CF

Channel Flake

CO

Core

CPF

Chipped Pebble Fragment

CR

Crescent-Shaped Tool

DF

Decortication Flake

DR

Drill

FG

Chert Fragment

FL

Flake

GF

Geofact (non-artifact)

GO

Gouge

GS

Ground Stone

GT

Gorget

GV

Graver

HE

Hafting Element

HS

Hammerstone

KN

Knife

M

BC

M

icroblade Core

NS

Nutting Stone

PB

Prismatic Blade

PBCO

Pebble Core

PBT

Pebble Tool

PD

Pendant (conically drilled)

PF

Preform

PL

Plummet

PP

Projectile Point

PP(DE)Projectile Point (distal end)

PP(IF)

Projectile Point (impact fracture)

PP(PE)

Projectile Point (proximal end)

PRF

Perforator

PS

Pitted Stone

PT

Pottery

SC

Scraper

SNSC

Snub-nosed Scraper

SP

Spokeshave

SPC

Split Cobble

UF

Utilized Flake (flake with at

least one worked edge or obvious

chipping from use)

UK

Unknown

USC

Unifacial Scraper

UT

Unifacial Tool (undetermined

function)

58

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