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Analysis of Redeposited Artifacts McFaddin Beach Texas

Analysis of Redeposited Artifacts McFaddin Beach Texas

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Published by etchplain
Stright, M. J., E. M. Lear, and J. F. Bennett, 1999, Spatial Data Analysis of Artifacts Redeposited by Coastal Erosion: A Case Study of McFaddin Beach, Texas. US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Metairie, Louisiana.
Stright, M. J., E. M. Lear, and J. F. Bennett, 1999, Spatial Data Analysis of Artifacts Redeposited by Coastal Erosion: A Case Study of McFaddin Beach, Texas. US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Metairie, Louisiana.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: etchplain on Jul 29, 2012
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07/29/2012

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Because there really are no local lithic sources within the study area, for the

purposes of this study, the term “exotic” is used to refer to those lithic sources that are

greater than 1,000 kilometers from the McFaddin Beach area. As would be expected, the

exotic lithic sources identified for the study collection (i.e. Knife River Flint (KRF) (no.

30) in southwestern North Dakota, Minnelusa (MIN) (no. 35) and Spanish Diggings (SD)

96

(no. 44) in southeastern Wyoming, Weeping Water Creek (WWC) (no. 59) in

southeastern Nebraska, and Chuska (CH) (no. 5) in western New Mexico) are primarily

associated with the Paleoindian and Late Paleoindian Periods (Figures 10 and 11). As can

be seen in Table 6, of the 12 artifacts identified as being either definitely or possibly from

an exotic lithic source, 4 are of the Paleoindian Period and 2 are identified as possibly

being of the Paleoindian Period. Another 2 of the artifacts made out of exotic lithics are

from the Late Paleoindian Period (1 definite and 1 possible). One is a Scottsbluff drill

(TN 155) that is definitely made out of Knife River Flint (Table 4). The second was less

certain, being identified as just possibly being made out of Minnelusa material, but equally

likely to be Tecovas material, and it is only possibly of the Late Paleoindian Period (see

note at end of Table 4). Other than the 3 artifacts of unknown period, the only exception

is 1 artifact, an Epps projectile point, from the Middle/Late Archaic Period that is

identified as possibly being made out of Knife River Flint (Table 6); however, it is equally

likely to be made out of Edwards chert (see note at end of Table 4). An interesting aspect

of this artifact is that it has apparently been made by reworking an earlier artifact. If it is

made of Knife River Flint, the material may have been transported to the McFaddin Beach

area during Paleoindian times. It is interesting to note that several of the diagnostic

artifacts made out of exotic source materials are projectile point styles of the Great Plains

(i.e. Plainview, Hell Gap, Scottsbluff) where the lithic sources are located.

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Table 6. Artifacts M

ade from Exotic Lithic Source M

aterials

Period

Artifact

Number

Diagnostic Type

Function

Lithic Source

Paleoindian

FR 30

Dalton

Dart Point

W

eeping W

ater Creek

Paleoindian

LV 195

Plainview

Dart Point

(P) W

eeping W

ater Creek

Paleoindian

TN 168

Plainview

Dart Point

(P) M

innelusa

Paleoindian

LV 14

Hell Gap

Dart Point

(P) Tecovas/(P) Spanish Diggings

(P) Paleoindian

TN 303

Untyped

Flake/Blade/Unifacial Tool

Chuska

(P) Paleoindian

TN 131

(P) Clovis

Dart Point

Knife River Flint

Late Paleoindian

TN 155

Scottsbluff

Drill

Knife River Flint

(P) Late Paleoindian

TN 128

(P) Early Side-Notched

Dart Point

(P) Tecovas/(P) M

innelusa

M

iddle/Late Archaic

LV 248

Epps

Dart Point

(P) Edwards/(P) Knife River Flint

Unknown

TN 201

Nondiagnostic

Decortication Flake/Scraper

(P) Edwards/(P) Knife River Flint

Unknown

TN 146

Nondiagnostic

Bifacial Thinning Flake/

Utilized Flake

(P) Knife River Flint

Unknown

TN 208

Untyped

Biface

(P) W

eeping W

ater Creek

(P) = Possible

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